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The most interesting facts about rabbits

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Rabbits exist in various shapes, colors and sizes. There are more than 150 recognized rabbit breeds around the world, many of which have become popular as pets. Over the past few decades, rabbits have taken their high place as one of the best pets, and there are several reasons for this - they are smart, friendly and cheerful. Below we have collected interesting and interesting facts about rabbits, after reading which, you may change your point of view about these cute animals.

  • Domestic rabbits are descendants of the European rabbit
  • Some breeds can breed very early - at the age of 3 months
  • The gestation period in rabbits is only 30 days.
  • Rabbits from one mother are called "litter"
  • Rabbits are born without fur
  • Home rabbits are born with eyes closed
  • The largest recorded litter was 24 rabbits
  • Rabbit's teeth grow constantly throughout life.
  • When rabbits make sounds like purrs, in fact, they gnash their teeth
  • When they're hot, rabbits sweat through the pads on their feet.
  • The backbone of rabbits is very fragile - therefore, they should be handled very carefully and never allowed to fall on their backs.
  • Rabbits have 5 toes on their front paws and 4 to the rear
  • Rabbits are usually more active in the early morning and evening.
  • The longest recorded bunny ears had a colossal length of more than 75 centimeters!
  • The heaviest rabbits weigh over 25 kg!
  • Rabbits are not rodents
  • Rabbits are very flexible - they are champions in dexterity, and they have a record of long jumps of 3 meters and a height of 1 meter.
  • Rabbits in Europe have become the most popular pets after cats and dogs

Rabbit Facts

Rabbits are great and beloved pets. Recently, there is a growing organization, thanks to which people will learn more about these beautiful and intelligent little creatures. There are many recommendations and tips on how to properly care for a rabbit or how to breed them.

However, many domestic rabbits go to pet shelters every year, so if you are thinking of starting a rabbit as a pet, try visiting the nearest animal rescue center before looking for it elsewhere. If you can give the rabbit a new home, then you may give this beautiful creature a second chance, but you will probably need more patience and be gentle with it, especially if you have been mistreated in the past.

  • Rabbits are very clean creatures and regularly take care of themselves and each other.
  • Domestic rabbits can not survive in the wild - do not let them escape!
  • Today, domestic rabbits are sterilized in the same way as other domestic animals, such as cats and dogs.
  • Wild rabbits do not usually become good pets.
  • Rabbits run very fast - short sprints at speeds of up to 30 miles per hour are not uncommon.
  • Some breeds of domestic rabbits are actually sweeter and more pleasant than others.
  • The smallest registered adult rabbit weighed only 450 grams.
  • Rabbits with proper care live to 8 years
  • Dogs and cats can instinctively attack a rabbit - so they should be trained to get used to it, and for the first few days they should not be left alone.

If you are thinking of starting a domestic rabbit, then you should find out as much information as possible about how to care for them properly and build a suitable living environment for them. Rabbits are cute little creatures, they are very sensitive and love human contact and attention. To establish a strong and strong bond with the rabbit, you should spend as much time with it as possible, and then you can really enjoy his wonderful company!

History of origin

Historians believe that the rabbit progenitors are their wild counterparts, who lived more than 2 million years ago.

They tried to tame them back in the Stone Age. The very concept of rabbit breeding, breeding the animal on special farms appeared about 4 thousand years ago.

During the archaeological excavations carried out in Spain and Portugal, rabbit farms of this age were discovered. The word "Spain" in translation from the ancient Phoenician language means "rabbit shore".

In many countries, the rabbit's foot is a talisman that can protect against the evil eye.

The king of Prussia, Friedrich, was fond of breeding eared little animals on an island near the city of Berlin. Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, Napoleon III. He was a famous rabbit breeder. Currently, there are about 150 breeds of these funny animals.

Curiously, rabbits belong to the hare family, although, due to physiology, the breeding of these two animals does not give rise to offspring. They are not rodents due to the presence of two additional incisors and a number of other features of the skeleton structure.

Lifespan

How long a crawl lives depends on the conditions of its environment:

  1. In the wild, animals live for a very short time - from 1 to 3 years. Predators hunting for them, bad weather conditions, diseases often cause the death of very young individuals.
  2. Animals kept in domestic conditions in order to obtain fur skins and meat live from 1 to 2 years, after which they are sent for slaughter. Only a crawl maker can live up to 3 - 4 years.
  3. Ornamental breeds live longer, up to about 8 years, and with good care, some individuals live to 11 - 12 years. And the smaller the breed, the longer its representative lives. Giant rabbits live to 5 years. The record is currently considered to be 19 years old.

Sounds

When a rabbit feels unwell or scared, he starts to knock or gnash his teeth.

Ushastiki capable of making sounds, although they do it not too often. By the nature of the sound experienced breeder can determine the mood of the pet:

  • purring, reminiscent of the rumbling of a cat, clicking his teeth indicates a good location of the animal,
  • loud grinding of teeth indicates fear, aggression, the fact that the animal is in pain,
  • grunting, growling or whining are a signal of discontent, irritation.

The sounds made by the rabbit during the feeding of the rabbit resemble mumbling.

Running and jumping

Rabbits run slower than hares, but still their speed is very high - up to 56 km / h (for hares - up to 70 km / h). They differ in good jumps.

Record jumps are considered:

  • in length - 3 m,
  • in height - by 1 m.

In the event of an imminent danger, the animals can even beat a greyhound dog in speed.

It is interesting: in Western Europe, they use rabbit ability to run fast when organizing special obstacle races that are very popular among the population. A reward to the winner is a delicacy.

Can die from fear

Unfortunately, the phrase "scared to death" is not figurative for rabbits. The animal is really able to die because of a strong fright.

The reason may be:

  • loud noises
  • strong cotton
  • too sharp movement.

Frightened, the fluffy grows dizzy, there is a risk of a heart attack and even death, because the heartbeat is too frequent - up to 325 beats per minute.

That is why it is very important to take into account this fact before starting a rabbit. It is necessary to carefully weigh all possible risks. This is especially true of families in which young children grow up. A noisy, playful child can accidentally strongly scare the little animal.

Is it safe to hand

Any upliftment is associated with members of the hare family as a danger signal: in the wild, a predator, grabbing a prey in the mouth, lifts it above the ground. Therefore, taking the pet once more is undesirable.

You can not lift the rabbit by the ears, feet or tail. These animals are quite fragile, so they can be seriously injured.

In addition, the animals of this family have a very weak spine. For fear they may begin to break out, bend, risking damage to their spine or neck. Lifting the ears causes severe pain because of their great sensitivity. In case of emergency it is recommended to hold the animal in one hand, gently holding the other hand.

Breeding features

In the features of rabbit breeding there are a number of interesting points:

  • puberty in males occurs at about 4 - 5 months, in females a little later - at 5-8 months, but the rabbit is able to become pregnant from 3 months of age,
  • the uterus of the female has a forked form, as a result of which the rabbit can conceive again during pregnancy, already from another male,
  • the female makes a nest for the appearance of the litter from her fur, which pulls out of the breast,
  • rabbits are born without fur, with eyes closed - this is their main difference from the hare,
  • the largest recorded litter is 24 babies,
  • due to severe stress, to prevent too high fertility, some embryos can dissolve in the rabbit's uterus,
  • feeding mothers only takes 5 minutes a day,
  • in summertime, the reproductive function of males may disappear, reappearing in the autumn period.

Crawls are social animals, preferring to live in small groups called a herd.

The unique structure of some organs

In a one-year-old individual, teeth begin to acquire a yellowish tint, and the older the rabbit, the more yellow it is on the teeth.

Some rabbit organs have an interesting structure and function:

  1. Eyes. Arrange in such a way that the animal sees everything that happens around him, without turning his head.
  2. Teeth. The animal has 28 teeth. They continue to grow throughout life.
  3. Ears. They can move each by itself. This contributes to a better finding of the sound source.
  4. Mustache. Grow both near the nose and around the circumference of the head. This makes it possible to navigate in the dark and accurately calculate the distance to any object.
  5. Paws. Have 5 claws on the front and 4 on the hind legs. Only the paw paws of an animal sweat, which increases the risk of getting heat stroke in hot weather.

The longest are rabbit ears, exceeding a length of 75 cm.

Tip: in the heat, moisten rabbit ears with cool water - this will help the animal to avoid overheating of the whole organism.

Curious information

Various sources contain other interesting facts about rabbits, their habits, habits, eating and drinking preferences:

  1. The 95% rabbit menu consists of grass, both fresh and dry. An excellent delicacy are dandelion leaves. It is acceptable to use vegetables and fruits, but in small quantities in order to avoid digestive disorders. In one “sitting”, a medium-sized animal can eat enough grass to fill a pillow.
  2. Water should be available to the pet constantly. An animal weighing 2 kg drinks as much water as a dog weighing 10 kg is able to drink during this time.
  3. It is not recommended to wash the animal, especially cat or dog shampoos, treat with insect repellents. A well-known fact: ears are very clean, lick their fur up to 5 times a day, so there is a risk of poisoning.
  4. It is possible to tame the animal to the tray. As a rule, a furry animal goes to the toilet in the same place in the cage. Taking from there the litter, and placing it in the tray, you need to ensure that the crawl once again comes down on it. For several times he will get used to a new toilet, and will walk on need in it.
  5. Vitamin D is required for all mammals to strengthen bones. It is produced on the skin of animals when exposed to sunlight. Long rabbit ears serve as an excellent synthesizer of this vitamin: wiping ears with paws, and after washing with licking paws, animals transfer vitamin into their mouths.

Thanks to all these and other cognitive facts, the animals are very interesting to watch.

Rabbit Facts

  • They are often confused with hares, but this is not so. There are many differences between them, despite the fact that they are relatives in the biological sense.
  • Wild rabbits when running can reach speeds of up to 50-55 km / h.
  • All 16 species of American rabbits live in forests and marshes, and do not dig their holes. In addition, they are great climbing trees. And outside of North America, all rabbits live exclusively in burrows, and can not climb trees (interesting facts about North America).
  • Rabbits and rodents like hamsters and rats have a common ancestor who lived many millions of years ago. However, they still do not apply to rodents.
  • In North America, more than 50% of all rabbits in the world live.
  • Wild European rabbits dig deep and branched burrows, which sometimes unite into entire underground cities.
  • American rabbits live alone, and all other species usually exist in groups.
  • In the wild, rabbits are hunted by all and sundry. From extinction they are saved only by the fact that they multiply at an incredible speed.
  • In case of danger, these animals prefer to run away, but if they are driven into a corner, they go all-in and try to defend themselves. Blow powerful hind legs, armed with sharp claws, harmless rabbit could well kill or seriously injure a predator.
  • They chew very quickly. When a rabbit eats, its jaw makes an average of two chewing movements per second, and it can chew like that for a very long time without getting tired.
  • The weight of adults of the largest wild species usually does not exceed 3.5-4 kg, but domestic rabbits can weigh up to 10-11 kg.
  • There were no rabbits in Australia until they were brought there at the end of the 18th century. Since then, they have monstrously bred and have become a serious threat to the ecosystem. They were shot, protective fences were erected against them, and in the middle of the 20th century they spread a special virus among them, which reduced the number of their populations to acceptable values ​​(interesting facts about Australia).
  • Due to the fact that rabbits are easy prey, on average they live in the wild for no more than a year. But their domestic species can live for 10-12 years, if you surround them with appropriate care. The official record is 19 years.

  • Their hind legs allow them to jump up to 2-3 meters in length and 1-1.5 meters in height.
  • Nature adapted the rabbit eyes for a magnificent view so that they could always see a creeping predator. So, the rabbits even see what is happening behind them, without turning their heads.
  • Like humans, these animals can really die of fear in the event of a particularly strong fright.
  • Rabbit paws can sweat in hot weather.
  • In female rabbits there is a double queen, which allows them to simultaneously carry two generations of offspring at once, and from different males.
  • On average, rabbit ears have a length of 8-12 centimeters, but the domestic rabbit, whose ears reached a length of 80 centimeters, entered the book of records.
  • Some of their breeds become sexually mature already at 3 months of age. This is partly due to their fertility.
  • Rabbits bring many offspring at a time, but the female herself usually cannot leave all newborns of rabbits. If you help her, in this they can survive. The official record of offspring is 24 bunnies at a time.
  • These animals drink a lot of water. So, a rabbit weighing a couple of kilograms can drink more than a dog five times superior in weight.
  • In the era of sailing ships, in the 17-18 centuries, sailors often released rabbits on desert uninhabited islands. This was done to ensure that if people were taken to the island as a result of shipwreck, they had a source of food.
  • The Aztecs discovered alcohol by discovering some rabbits that began to ferment after they ate drunk cakes (interesting facts about cacti).
  • In the Australian state of Queensland, it is prohibited by law to keep rabbits, even ornamental breeds. Violators face a fine of 30 thousand Australian dollars.
  • In the rabbit language there are about 17 thousand taste buds.
  • Rabbits actually have much more teeth than it seems at first glance - as many as 28.
  • Origin

    Although these animals belong to the hare family, they are not close relatives. Due to a number of physiological differences, the mating of these species will not produce offspring. All domestic rabbits are descended from their wild counterparts, the oldest remains of which are more than 2 million years old. People began to tame eared animals back in the Stone Age. The Romans completed this process, after which rabbit breeding as a livestock industry began to spread throughout the world.

    Record holders

    Among rabbits there are champions whose achievements are recorded in the Guinness book:

    • the size of the ears distinguished a pet named Nippers Geronimo - their length is already 79 cm,
    • the most well-fed animal scored 12 kg,
    • the weight of the smallest fluffy adult is 350 g,
    • one rabbit brought 24 cubs
    • The maximum jump of an animal in height is 1 m, in length - 3 m.

    Thanks to breeding work, domestic rabbits are getting bigger. The last record holder was a pet named Darius from England. The length of its body is 130 cm, and the animal continues to grow.

    Другие факты

    Это далеко не весь список необычной информации о жизни кроликов, количество интересных фактов просто поражает:

    • у пушистика уникальное строение глаз – для обзора округи ему не обязательно поворачивать голову,
    • животные активнее всего в утренние и вечерние часы,
    • on the hind legs of a rabbit, there are 4 claws, and on the front, 5 claws,
    • the animals sweat only their paws, so under the summer sun they quickly overheat,
    • your furry friend can move his ears independently of each other - this helps to determine the direction of the sound source,
    • In most countries, the rabbit paw is considered a symbol of good luck,
    • in a minute the animal is able to make 120 chewing movements,
    • the rabbit can be taught to respond to the nickname,
    • if at your appearance the eared animal rose on its paws, it means that he recognized you,
    • the pet distinguishes only green and red colors, as well as their shades,
    • some historians believe that the name of the country of Spain was invented by the Phoenicians, and earlier it sounded like “Ispanim”, that is, “rabbit shore”,
    • a fluffy kid weighing 2 kg is able to drink as much water as a 10-kilogram dog,
    • if you get to an uninhabited island, you will most likely encounter rabbits there, since the ancient mariners set animals apart so that the shipwrecked would not be left without food,
    • fluffy does not need to be bathed, because he carefully licks his wool 5 times a day, and the appearance of an unpleasant smell may indicate a disease,
    • if you have a remedy for fleas or shampoo for cats and dogs, do not treat them to rabbits - they can be poisoned,
    • pets remember the location of the furniture in the house,
    • animal whiskers grow not only near the nose, but also around the muzzle's circumference (so-called vibrissae, like cats), helping to determine the distance to an obstacle and not to stumble on objects in the dark,
    • a rabbit can really die of fear - his heart beats with a frequency of 130 - 325 beats / min.,
    • furry babies cannot live alone, therefore they find friends at home among people, dogs, cats and other pets,
    • the female spends on feeding her children 5 minutes a day,
    • eared little animals rub their chin against surrounding objects, leaving a secret with a specific smell and thereby marking the territory,
    • the rabbit builds a nest of his own wool, plucked from the breast,
    • these are intelligent animals that can open the latch on the cage themselves, as if by chance make some noise and wake the master to get food, run up to the door at the sound of familiar steps,
    • the body temperature of the rabbit is normally 38 - 39 °,
    • male puberty occurs at 4 - 5 months, females at 5 - 8 months,
    • a group of eared little animals is called a herd,
    • if in the wild nature, the life expectancy of furry animals would be the same as that of domestic animals, in 90 years, one meter would live on every meter of our planet
    • a medium-sized pet is able to eat such a volume of grass with which it is possible to fill a pillow,
    • the rabbit has a forked uterus, so during pregnancy she can conceive again from another male, although bearing two litters will lead to the depletion of her body,
    • The most significant holiday event with the participation of fluffy friends - Easter, when children are looking for a basket with an Easter bunny and painted eggs,
    • the eared animal named Oolong could walk with various objects on his head without turning them over (according to eyewitness accounts, he could even hold a cup of tea),
    • Some historians believe that the Aztec degree of alcohol intoxication was measured in rabbits, because animals after eating agave behaved inadequately, thereby giving the idea of ​​creating such a specific scale,
    • in Australia, furry animals are considered the most serious misfortune, causing enormous damage to farmland (according to an official report of $ 600 million per year) and populations of rare species, therefore, in Queensland, their breeding is even prohibited by law and punishable by a large fine,
    • Apparently, because of the attitude of the Australian people to the eared ears in neighboring New Zealand, until recently there was a custom of throwing dead rabbits before the start of the hunting season, and this responsibility fell on the shoulders of children (fortunately, it was banned).

    How to pick up

    Rabbits are terrible cowards, and any careless gesture is perceived as an attack by a predator. Therefore, after the appearance of a pet in the house, the first time is better not to take him in your arms. But then you need to be careful, because the bones of domestic animals are easy to break. After all, your furry friend, unlike his wild counterparts, is organic in space, so his muscles are less developed.

    It is impossible to take a rabbit by the ears or withers, as the animal will begin to jerk in an attempt to break free and may break its back. If you take the fluffy by the ears, it will hurt. In addition, there is a risk of injury to the neck. Therefore, it is better to hold the animal on one hand, supporting the other.

    These cute funny pets have long won the hearts of many pet lovers. Children especially like rabbits, and the knowledge of such unusual abilities will bring the attitude towards them to a new level and will further strengthen friendship.

    Read: Interesting rodent facts

    4. The life span of a rabbit in the wild is about a year, while a domestic rabbit can live for 8-12 years with proper care.

    5. The female rabbit has a split uterus. She can wear two litters at the same time, conceived at different times from different males.

    6. The maximum officially registered length of rabbit ears is 80 cm.

    7. The oldest rabbit lived for 19 years

    8. The female usually feeds children about 5 minutes a day.

    9. Rabbits may have a false pregnancy.

    10. Rabbits sweat only through the pads on their paws.

    11. A predator can scare a rabbit to death (literally)

    12. A two-kilogram rabbit can drink as much water as a ten-kilogram dog.

    13. The smallest breed of rabbits is called the Little Idaho or the pygmy rabbit. The weight of an adult individual reaches a maximum of only 450 grams, and the length ranges from 22 to 35 centimeters.

    14. In the past, rabbits were specially released on the deserted islands so that shipwrecked would have a source of food before they were rescued.

    15. Rabbits have 28 teeth.

    16. A group of rabbits called a flock

    17. Hare can reach a speed of 72 km / h, and a rabbit - only 56 km / h.

    18. The eyes of the rabbits are arranged in such a way that they can see what is happening behind them without turning their heads.

    19. If they were allowed to breed as freely as possible, then ninety years later the number of rabbits would be equal to the number of square meters on our planet.

    20. There is evidence that the Aztecs measured the degree of intoxication on a scale of 1 to 400 rabbits. Once, the Aztech Mayteaula observed that a rabbit that ate an agave runs around the field in a completely inadequate state. So she discovered the alcoholic potential of this cactus, for which the gods made Mayayual a goddess - the personification of agave. According to legend, she gave birth to Senzon Totochin - 400 rabbits, who became the patrons of intoxication. It is still accepted in Mexico before drinking pulka to splash a little drink on the floor as a victim of rabbits.

    21. In Australia, rabbits are recognized as the most destructive pests. It is believed that wild rabbits cause annual damage worth more than $ 600 million, leading to degradation of agricultural land and soil erosion, threatening the survival of many rare species of animals in the wild. The content of rabbits as pets is highly undesirable, and in the state of Queensland since 2002 it is completely prohibited. The maximum penalty for violating this prohibition is a fine of $ 30,000.

    22. Rabbits chew 120 times a minute and have more than 17,000 taste buds.

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