Feather grass (forged, kipets, hairs, martin flax, sheep's death, loved, whistle, pernik, tirsa, stepchina, silk grass) refers to perennial cereal grass having a short rhizome and a bunch of hard, wire-like leaves rolled into a tube. The length of the inflorescences is 12-12 cm, and the spines - 30-40 cm. The feather grass blooms from May to June.
Featherdog - dosage forms
For the preparation of therapeutic potions, the feather grass is collected in May-June. The greatest usefulness is its feathery spines. The leaves also have medicinal properties, therefore they harvest all the ground part of the plant. Raw materials are dried in shaded and well ventilated areas, crushed and stored in paper containers. Considering that it is rather difficult to determine the suitability of the herb for medicinal purposes, it is better to purchase ready-made raw materials in the pharmacy chain.
Kovyl - recipes
With goiter, it is advisable to apply inwardly and externally (in the form of poultices, lotions) milk broth of crushed leaves of grass grass. To do this, you need to bring a cup of milk to a boil and add 2 cuin. lie dry chopped herbs, boil for another five minutes. Insist the broth for about 30 minutes and take sips at the attraction of the day or make lotions out of it.
Milk broth also helps when paralysis. To cook it, boil a cup of milk and add a table to it. l dry grass. Cook on gravity for 15 minutes and infuse at room t until cool (1 hour). Give the patient 3 p. / Day before meals.
A feather grass is a part of herbal preparation for the treatment of paralysis. For example, mix the seeds of mordovnik and dry ground grass feather grass in the ratio of 1: 1, two tea. l This mixture is filled with a glass of water (100 ° C), wrap the container and leave to infuse in a warm place overnight. For these purposes, a thermos well. In the morning the infusion is filtered, given to the patient in small portions throughout the day. Feather increases the effect of mordovnik.
In multiple sclerosis and radiculitis use this tincture: Chin. Spoon a mixture of grass and grass seeds Mordovnika pour 100 ml of alcohol, insist for 21 days in a dark bowl, drain. Tincture (1 teaspoon) to rub into the affected places or taken orally in the morning and evening, preferably an hour after eating.
The use of lotion from feather grass has proven itself in the treatment of rheumatism and joint pain. Broths for them can be prepared both on water, and on milk. On the basis of the chosen liquid, the grass is boiled, well insisted before swelling and in a warm condition is applied to the sore spot for 30 minutes, it is wrapped warmly.
In case of adenoma of the prostate gland, it is possible to make sessile baths with a collection, which includes feather grass grass and horsetail 1: 1. Three handfuls of this mixture pour 2 liters of water (100 ° C), insist for an hour and strain. Before the procedure, you need to make an enema from the infusion of pharmaceutical chamomile flowers. Baths are taken before bedtime, well wrapped with a blanket.
Growth and appearance
Fern prefers to grow in the steppes and semi-deserts. It has no creeping roots, instead it forms turfs.
Leaves plants are very narrow, sometimes even flat, folded along the stem. The membranous spikelets of species grown in gardens can stretch 2.5 cm.
Breeds feather the seeds that fly by the wind over long distances.
Not everyone immediately reaches the ground, some get stuck in the grass or fallen leaves.
There is another breeding technology.
When exposed to raindrops, the stalks of a plant coming into contact with the ground take root, twisting like a corkscrew.
After the spikelet can no longer get out of the ground due to scales. It breaks down and remains in the ground with the seeds.
A feather grass is a medicinal herb that contains many cyanogenic compounds, which in turn are biologically active substances and in high doses become poisonous. And when used in the correct dosage, they have an anesthetic and sedative effect.
Properties of feather grass are used to treat the thyroid gland. Use only the leaves, chopping them and making a decoction used for goiter.
The grass contains nutrients during the flowering period, from May to July. Before use, the plant is dried, so it retains all the useful qualities for longer.
Hang on the flooring of the grid, for better ventilation and eliminate the appearance of mold. Not insignificant in the treatment of the roots and stems are considered. Broths from these parts of the feather grass are usually used for paralysis.
The use of decoctions from the plant is strictly contraindicated for people suffering from asthma and those who are allergic to cereal.
Feather grass is very popular in the form of jewelry. An herbarium is made of it and placed on the premises.
In the raw material of feather grass are valuable biologically active substances. One of the most valuable is trigdohinin. It is especially abundant feathery feather grass. In small quantities, these substances soothe and anesthetize.
More information can be found in the video:
Rubrication: Greens and Herbs | Coville
Featherdog - a symbol of the steppe
Feather Grass (Stipa) is a common herbaceous, steppe plant of the cereal family. The name is of Greek origin and means tow.
Nearly 300 varieties of coves have been recorded. On the territory of Russia grows 80 species. In the wild steppe from thick grass thick turfs are formed, which picturesquely fill the whole space.
Externally, the grass grass looks like a bush of grass from 30 cm to 1 m in height. It can be perennial and annual, depending on climatic conditions. In nature, it grows in the steppe, mountainous and semi-desert areas of Eurasia.
Feather stalks thin, upright. Rhizome short, not creeping. The leaves of the plant are hard and very thin, similar to wire. There are leaves twisted in the form of a tube. Bristles of the spikelet are oriented in the opposite direction from the awn. It curls like a spiral.
Wild flowering begins after 2-4x years after planting. During the flowering period, at the end of May, the feather grass throws out the paniculate inflorescence-spike. Inside the spikelet up to 2.5 cm long, a flower hides behind two scales before flowering.
The structure of the ear is quite unusual. Seeds in the form of grains are hidden in a flowering scale from the lower and upper halves. The scales have a pointed tip (callus) and awn.
The grass propagates by seeds, which are successfully spread by the wind, expanding the area of growth. But there is another, more interesting way of reproduction associated with the structure of the ears.
From the dew and with the onset of rain, the stems grow heavy and lower to the ground. The spiral of an awn is moistened and gradually straightened. In contact with the ground, it is screwed into it like a corkscrew. The recessed part can no longer go out, because scales prevent this. Gradually the spikelet dries and breaks off the stem, and the seeds remain underground.
Medicinal or nutritional value for humans and cattle plant is not.
What is a feather grass
Of the many common varieties of feather grass, landscape designers selected several of the most attractive species.
Often decorates gardens and flower beds. Fully adapted to the peculiarities of the climate of the middle zone, so it winters without shelter. Plant height with smooth stems and elongated panicles up to 90 cm. Flowering occurs in May-June.
This feather grass has many similarities with a feathery look, which is noticeable in the photo of the plant. Only his panicles are much thicker and tilted to the ground. The smooth bending of the panicles gives the wove a special decorative effect.
Feathery "Fluffy Cloud"
A small bush does not grow above 50 cm. Erect spikelets merge into a luxuriant mass, confirming its name.
It has Mexican origin and therefore is thermophilic. Although high temperatures from + 25 ° C are also contraindicated. The annual crop grows no higher than 80 cm. At the waddle of the thinnest rigid leaves and white-silver panicles.
Belongs to feathery feather grass. Grows on poor soils and solonetz. The leaves have a hairy cover with pimples. The structure of the panicle is loose, with slight pubescence.
In warm climates it grows like a perennial. The height of the bush up to 80 cm. It has the ability to change the color of the leaves from dark green in spring to golden-pink in the summer months. With the advent of autumn is painted in red or brown.
Bush height up to 60 cm. The outer side of leaves is rough. Dry leaves curl. Panicles are colored in purple.
It grows up to 60 cm. The plant differs from other coves with thin and long awn, comparable to horsehair. Ear painted in silver-green color.
“Prairie” and “naturgardin” styles, which means a natural garden, have become fashionable trends in landscape design. Grassland and steppe plants are selected to companions for the grass grass so that plantings look natural. These include cereal species: fescue, foxtail, miscanthus.
Bright combinations with a feather grass form scabiosa juicy, saturated tones. Spectacular compositions are obtained with the following plants:
- with salt
- chamomile, as well as decorative varieties of onions and garlic.
Feather grass is able to play a solo part here and be the backdrop for more colorful neighbors.
An interesting and original decision in landscape design was the use of cereals to highlight the beauty of rose gardens. Especially winning combinations are obtained with climbing roses and small-color varieties.
The steppe grass harmonizes well with coniferous, low plants and ornamental shrubs. In every corner of the garden, the feather grass allows you to implement new ideas in delightful compositions.
The feather grass is rich in cyanogenic compounds, trigloquine - important biological substances that are poisonous in large doses because of the content of hydrocyanic acid.
For the preparation of medicines grass is harvested from late spring to mid-summer, the roots - in the fall. It is used in dried form.
Broth is effective in some cases:
- treats paralysis and thyroid pathology,
- relieves pain, fatigue, stress,
- calms the nervous system
- stimulates blood circulation
- removes inflammation of the mucous membranes,
- treats prostate adenoma, rheumatism, sciatica, joint inflammation,
- useful in multiple sclerosis.
Many species of feather grass are very rare, so they are listed in the Red Book.
General description, species and habitat
Everybody knows what a feather grass looks like, because it grows in a very large area.
The most southern growing areas of steel the Caspian regions, the northern countries of Africa, the Gobi desert, even the tropics.
The northern boundary of growth is a zone of temperate climate, which in Eurasia passes through Western Europe, central Russia, the Middle Urals to Transbaikalia. The kovyl grows in the southern and temperate climates in the forest-steppe, steppe zone, in semi-deserts.
Grass can be seen on dry meadows, on open hills, rocky areas under rocks and even on rocks where plants can grow. Depending on where the feather grass grows, in what zone, its appearance is determined.
Common species in Eurasia are:
- feather grass feather,
By type - cereal perennial. The stem reaches a height of 0.6–0.8 m. The rhizome is short, not creeping. The leaves are very narrow, twisted. Inflorescences are paniculata. Seeds oblong, sharp, up to 1 cm, in the main species with a long, up to 40 cm, feathery "hair" or ostom. When the plant is still green and the grains are unripe, the spikelets are very soft to the touch.
Grow in groups, thick turfs. Propagated by seeds, which carries the wind. This is a brief botanical description of feather grass.
The chemical composition of grass and seeds has been little studied. This can most likely be explained by the fact that in official medicine, feather grass is almost never used. It is only known about the chemical composition of the plant that during the flowering period the grass contains up to 10.8% protein, up to 2.7% fat, up to 35.3% fiber. The leaves contain cyanogens, in particular - triglovinin.
The use of feather grass in folk medicine is quite widespread.
Medicines made from herbs are effective for a number of diseases:
- multiple sclerosis,
- thyroid disease,
- paralysis (especially unilateral after a stroke),
Collection and preparation of medical raw materials
Medicinal is considered the whole plant: and awns, and seeds, and stems with leaves, and roots. Therefore, first for the raw material, we remove the grass to the very root. The collection is made at the time of flowering in May-June. The collected grass is dried in the shade. Roots are also considered healing. They are dug in the fall, dried, as the grass.
Grind can be immediately after drying, you can immediately before use. The storage is placed in paper bags or fabric bags so that the contents “breathe”. Storage should be dark, without moisture. The term of safe use is determined, as with all medicinal herbs, 2 years.
Recipes of traditional medicine
For treatment in folk medicine used seeds, leaves and roots of the plant. Of these, when healing from various diseases, tinctures are prepared, decoctions, which are taken orally, are used for lotions and poultices.
Especially healing is considered broth feather on milk. It is used to treat diseases of the thyroid gland, and is also effective for paralysis.
Cooking decoction in milk is easy. A glass of milk should be brought to a boil, pour 1 tablespoon of chopped herbs into it and cook over low heat. For the treatment of thyroid, boil for 5 minutes and insist for half an hour, and for the treatment of paralysis, boil for 15 minutes and insist for 1 hour. Thus, the concentration of decoction will be different. Drink decoction in the treatment of thyroid should be very small portions during the day, the same decoction to apply for warm lotions and hot poultices. To do this, take a clean gauze, moisten with strained liquid and attach to the neck in the thyroid. Cover with foil and hold for 20-25 minutes. This should be done lying down. Such procedures are also healing for rheumatism or inflammation and pain in the joints.
Decoction of feather grass on milk with paralysis after a stroke is recommended to be taken three times a day before eating. They also drink decoction of roots on water (1 tablespoon per 1 cup of boiling water).
Even for the treatment of the paralyzed, they use mixed spines of silk grass and mordovnik seeds. In the evening, you need to take 1 tablespoon of the mixture, pour a glass of boiling water over it, wrap it until the morning. You can do this in a thermos. Drink, as with thyroid disease, in tiny sips throughout the day. Treatment with milk broth and the mixture must be alternated.
Effective with radiculitis, inflammation of the joints, rheumatism, multiple sclerosis lotion from alcohol tincture of feather grass and mordovniki seeds. To do this, to 1 teaspoon of the mixture, add 100 ml of alcohol. Insist three weeks in a dark closet (not in the cellar). Use as a rubbing on a diseased area of the body. For the treatment of prostate adenoma, baths with a decoction of a mixture of feather grass and horsetail in equal parts are good. 150 g of the mixture pour 2–3 l of boiling water, insist 1 hour, strain in a large container and sit in it. The procedure to do at bedtime for 30 minutes. 1–1.5 hours before bathing, make an enema with chamomile.