General information

Description of varieties and types of mint with names that exists

I never thought about how many varieties of mint exist in nature. I planted this plant at my dacha and I still grow it only for culinary purposes. Especially often I use herbs in the preparation of beverages.

After learning about the variety of varieties, planted her several varieties. A little more about the varieties of this useful plant and I want to tell you.

Since ancient times, such a useful plant as mint has been widely used by mankind in various fields. Currently, mint is used in pharmaceuticals, cooking and perfumery. The varieties of this plant are many and each has its own characteristics.

Lemon Mint

This variety has a name such as lemon mint. Despite the fact that this herb belongs to the genus of mint, it belongs to a completely different family. The name of the plant was due to the pleasant and fresh lemon flavor, and most often it grows in southern Europe.

This type of plant is one of the most valuable. Mint received such recognition due to the large content of nutrients and vitamin C. A perennial plant blooms in summer, and the fruits that form on it ripen by the autumn season.

The height of the bush reaches a maximum of 120 cm. The stems are fairly straight. The leaves have a slight pubescence, resemble an egg in shape, and their shade is dark green. In the period of flowering on the plant flowers of lilac shade are formed.

After flowering on the plant, black fruits of rather large size are tied, they will be suitable for sowing for several more years. Such a plant tolerates winter cold, but for additional protection it is recommended to cover it with a layer of mulch.

Home Mint

House mint is also called room. Like lemon variety, homemade mint does not belong to this genus. The plant is evergreen, can be annual or biennial. In the wild, it grows in the tropics or subtropics. If at home to take care of the plant properly, it can live up to 5 years.

The plant can grow like a bush, grass or dwarf shrub. Pleasant aroma of homemade mint give essential oils in its composition. This variety is successfully used in cooking, medicine and decorative purposes. The aroma of this mint perfectly repels harmful insects.

The height of the mint room can reach one and a half meters. The stems of this plant can be completely naked or have a slight pubescence. Mint leaves are round or egg shaped. When flowering on the plant flowers are formed, collected in some umbrellas. The formed fruit is 4 nuts.

Menthol Mint

This variety is developed from peppermint, but unlike it, it contains a high content of menthol. This plant has a strong odor, which is quite stable, and it also scares insects from the bush. Menthol variety tolerates winter.

The leaves are often used in cooking, but even more they are in demand in cosmetology and medicine. Tinctures with this herb have an anti-inflammatory effect, they treat bronchitis with its help and are used as a choleretic agent. This mint is used as a type of spice and for making the popular drink Mojito.

Bush low, can reach 65 cm in height, but this value will depend on the lighting in the selected area. The grade differs in strong stalks of dark color.

The leaves are painted a dark green shade, their length reaches 7 cm. The leaf is oblong, often slightly curled. Flowering grass begins in early August or late July. Flowers have a purple hue and are collected in large inflorescences.

Peppermint

This grade of mint is the most common, among all others. The plant is a hybrid, and got it from the crossing of garden and water mint. Successfully, these bushes are used in medicine, cooking and pharmaceuticals, a little in perfumery.

Peppermint is an excellent honey plant. In the wild, this variety you will not find. Mint received its name due to the burning taste of its leaves. This plant can not be applied to people who suffer from low blood pressure and varicose veins.

This grade of mint is perennial. Stems can reach a meter tall, they are straight and strong. The stem may be slightly pubescent or completely naked. The leaves are egg-shaped and slightly oblong. During flowering at the top of the stem flowers are formed purple hue.

The plant begins to bloom at the beginning of the summer season, and ends in September. The fruits of this variety are rarely tied and represent 4 nuts.

In more detail about various grades of mint in video:

The most famous species obtained by combining garden and water mint. Plant height varies from 30 to 100 cm, it is kept strong roots. On straight stems are oval leaves up to 15 cm long, with pointed edges, there are short petioles. Miniature pink flowers are combined in half-mutations, it is time to bloom from June to September. Fruits almost never appear. Peppermint is considered as a honey plant. In nature, almost does not grow.

The name is explained by the specific spicy taste and smell of menthol, thanks to which this type is widely used in pharmacology and cooking. The leaves contain about 4% oil, but caution when eating a plant should be shown to people with low pressure. Also, this plant often acts as a decor, but you need to constantly look after it. Peppermint is subdivided into approximately 25 subspecies with their own unique characteristics.

It grows both in areas and in natural conditions of the subtropics and tropics. It can be annual and perennial, belongs to semi-succulent plants. The height can be different: from a few cm to 1.5 m. Round leaves grow crosswise, in shape resemble an egg. There are umbrellas inflorescences. There are fruits with nuts. Another name is Mint. On the window sill under favorable conditions, the plant can stand for up to 5 years. Essential oil in the composition of the leaves goes to seasoning, for the production of perfumes and cosmetics. Often used to scare away moths and other harmful insects.

Forest mint (oregano)

It is familiar to many by the name Oregano, it can often be seen in the forest more often. The plant with strong stems grows in the range of 50-80 cm. The roots must be constantly cut due to their excessive branching. Flowers in inflorescences have different colors. Bloom in summer from the first year, but the seeds appear only from the second year. Forest mint can be planted in areas with low temperatures, it is frost-resistant. Dried Oatmeal is useful to add to tea. It is delicious as a seasoning for meat dishes.

For its successful growth requires increased humidity, plenty of sunlight and heat, so it can be found mainly on the Mediterranean coast. The length of the plant varies from 30 cm to 1 m. On the stems are small leaves with jagged edges. White flowers are cone-shaped inflorescences. Mint application areas - from cooking to medicine.

As is clear from the name, it grows in garden plots. In length it is pulled out up to 1 m. Oval leaves have a smooth surface. The time of the appearance of purple flowers - July-August. A strong aroma slightly neutralizes the substance carvon contained in the plant. The use of mint Garden variety - food industry, cosmetic industry, medicines.

Lemon mint (lemon balm)

Known as Melissa. Other names - Honey mint or Medovka. 8 more subspecies belong to this species. The length of the shoots can be more than 1 m. Egg-shaped leaves are painted in bright green color, multi-colored flowers are gathered in panicles. You can see them in the summer, the seeds appear on the eve of autumn. This species does not always withstand harsh climatic conditions, and therefore requires additional protective measures. You can not put it in the lowlands, where there is a danger of flooding. Taste and smell reminiscent of lemon, it is also rich in nutrients - vitamin C, essential oils. This contributes to the diverse use of mint in cooking and medicine.

Curly (Curly)

Less well-known names - Spike or Spring Mint. Typically, the length of the plant - a little less than 1 m. The leaves are curly, located opposite each other. Small purple flowers appear at the end of summer. The content of substances has much in common with peppermint: a lot of carvone, little menthol, so the plant is well refreshed. It is applied in various industries - food, tobacco, cosmetic.

This species, which is also called Budra or Kotovnik, is liked by cat owners, because their pets extremely love to feast on this mint. The reason is the presence of nepetalacton. The length of the plant varies from 50 to 100 cm. On powerful stems grow triangular leaves with pubescence. A lilac shade can be added to the white color of the flowers. Seeds ripen in August, and flowering lasts until late autumn. The plant exudes the aroma of honey and lemon, helps to get rid of headaches. Cats love to smell Catnip because of the extremely exciting smell.

It also happens Dog mint, which attracts dogs. Another name - Ivy Budra. The places of its growth are located in temperate climatic zones. The height of the plant on average reaches 40-50 cm, the stems are spreading. The leaves have long petioles. Miniature flowers in inflorescences have a purple-lilac color. Dog mint taste bitter, but without an unpleasant aftertaste. It is used as a wound healing agent.

Found on the territory of Russia everywhere, often near water. The stem can be both short and long - up to 1 m. Elongated leaves have small teeth on the side. Pink or lilac flowers appear throughout the summer and most of the autumn. Essential oil of this type of mint contains various substances that have a therapeutic effect on humans. Field mint is also used in cooking.

Long leaf

The peculiarity of this species is obvious from the name - the long leaves have a lanceolate or ovoid shape, the color is not only green, there is a slight pubescence. White-purple flowers are combined into whorl-inflorescences. In height, the plant is stretched to 70-80 cm. Long-leaved mint can often be found in Europe and Africa. It is appreciated for its content in the leaves of the pulgon. In addition to it, it contains menthol and ascorbic acid, so the value of this type of peppermint as a spice is high, but it must be collected on the eve of flowering.

The average height of this variety of mint is 1 m. A yellow color is added to the green color of the leaves with short petioles. Flowering lasts 2-3 months, the flowers are pink. Gardens are often decorated with this culture, but you need to choose a suitable subspecies. Mint contains a lot of menthol, which has a calming effect on the nerves. Also a variety - an excellent remedy for flatulence. This type is added to dishes as spice.

Mexican

The species originates from Mexico. The straight stem is extended up to 50 cm. Small oval green leaves grow on it. White, pink, purple flowers appear in the first year. Mexican mint refers to annuals. The soil under the seedlings must necessarily be fertile. They need a maximum of sunlight. Before winter, they should be carefully sheltered from frost, the best place to put in a pot in the room. Mexican mint is used in cooking and in cosmetology.

Mint Varieties

In other words, this variety is called the room variety of mint, a tree with a moth, a plectrantus, and even a sporeflower. The plant can be both annual and perennial and grows in the tropics and subtropics. If he is carefully looked after, it can grow even in the house.

Mint grows in the form of a bush. Its leaves contain ethereal extracts, which are distinguished by a complex chemical composition, thanks to which it receives its pleasant aroma. It can be used as a medicine, for decorative purposes or as a culinary seasoning (leafy or root vegetables). The plant has a specific aroma, so it repels various insects: small butterflies, mosquitoes and others.

The trunk grows from thirty to one hundred centimeters. Stems are pubescent or bare. Flowers plants are small in size, they also have bracts that create a special umbrella. The composition of the fruit includes four nuts.

Menthol plant

It is peppery, and emits a high concentration of menthol and a fairly intense, persistent, as well as intense odor. The plant is resistant to pests and protects against various diseases, stands out by the best indicators of winter resistance.

The plant, due to its unique composition, has found its application in many areas: it is used by cosmetologists and cooks, it is distinguished by anti-inflammatory, choleretic action, used as a cure for inflammation of the bronchial mucosa, improves digestive processes. The leaves of the plant are used even as spices, excellent cocktails come out of them, such as, for example, mojito.

Depending on the lighting on the site, the size of the plant can reach sixty centimeters, while its stems grow straight, stand out for their dark shade and power. Flowering begins in the middle of the second - the beginning of the third month of summer. The small purple flowers form ideal inflorescences.

The very name of the kind, which has become so popular all over the world, came from the name of the female goddess. According to Greek beliefs, she was the mistress of the god of the dungeon, and his legal wife turned her into the grass.

This type of mint is considered the most bought and often used. She grew up as a hybrid of two opposite varieties. It is actively used to supplement the taste of dishes, becoming the basis for pharmacological agents. It is a valuable honey plant. In nature, not growing independently. It is distinguished by its burning taste characteristics, therefore, it was named accordingly. Healers use this mint as a medicinal plant, it stands out for its soothing and regenerating features. It is not recommended for people who suffer from low blood pressure at the time of maximum contraction of the heart. This variety is classified as a perennial herbaceous plant. Its stems are hollow, erect, branched, which can reach a meter in height.

Flowers stand a light purple or pinkish tinge, they all intertwine in the inflorescence at the top of the stem. Flowering begins from the end of the second month of summer and lasts until autumn. Fruits appear extremely rarely, they consist of four nuts.

Mint, which is similar in its characteristics to the type described above, is called curly. Curly, in the form of a spikelet, mint - all these are synonyms of the same variety. The enantiomer linalool is included in the composition, as well as carvone, due to which the plant is distinguished by a sugary smell and a specific taste. As it is not surprising, curly mint practically does not contain menthol, and therefore the leaves have no cold aftertaste after their ingestion. Essential oils of this plant have a higher value than the variety described above. It is used not only in pharmacology, cooking, but also for soap making, it becomes the basis for tobacco and confectionery products.

Flowers plant have a harmonious mauve shade, with the shortest pedicels, which are collected in shoots covered with seed plants. The plant begins to bloom from the second month of summer to early autumn. Seeds ripen by mid-autumn.

For maximum preservation described mint varieties Choose bags of their paper or natural flax, which are placed in dark, cool and dry rooms.

This type of mint appeared in North Asia, initially it was grown as an ornamental, spicy or medicinal plant, which is distinguished by its action on rejuvenation and the general strengthening of the body, it also normalizes blood pressure in the arteries. Powdered dried plant can be found in the composition of pharmacological agents that improve the composition of red blood cells, they are also used for ailments of the lungs and liver. This mint is considered the best variety that favorably affects human immunity. That is why, in the East, it is considered the main rival of ginseng. Essential oils of the plant are distinguished by bactericidal properties.

The plant, according to visual characteristics, resembles a perennial shrub that can grow up to one hundred centimeters. Mint stems have four facets and grow straight. The plant blooms in mid-June or early September. Its scent at the same time reminds mint, aniseed bedrock and oregano. Fruits ripen completely in early autumn, besides, the variety is rather cold-resistant and can withstand temperatures up to minus twenty.

Exotic varieties

In the people it is called ivy-like budra, or dog mint, the plant stands out for its persistent aroma. Растет на евразийских полях, в зоне с умеренными климатическими условиями. Выделяется горьким и жгучим привкусом, не оставляет холодного послевкусия. Это лекарственное растение можно отнести к медоностному типу.Widely used due to its anti-inflammatory, choleretic, healing effects. The leaves are actively used for the manufacture of various tonics.

The height of a mature plant reaches a maximum of 40 centimeters, its stems actively creep over all surfaces, they are supplemented with bare or pubescent short hairs. The main vegetative organ of the plant is numerous, rooted. Its leaves contain long petioles, and are distinguished by their shape in the form of buds or roundness, located opposite. Small flowers with a purple or bluish tinge are collected in inflorescences, they can be enjoyed until mid-August.

The mint plant has found its application in medicine of ancient China. It stands out for its regenerating effect. It is also used in the stagnation of bile, as a remedy for hyperhidrosis, or even as a deodorant. From this grade of mint make oil, which is optimal for treating the skin of the eyelids.

Cat variety

This type of plant is distinguished by a strong, uncharacteristic lemon scent that attracts all homeless cats in the area. Mint mainly grows in forest glades, wastelands, weedy places, on slopes or on the side of the highway. Most often it grows close to the passik because it is considered a valuable honey plant. The plant has found its application in the perfumery field, when boiling soap, in the confectionery shop and of course in pharmacology. Dried leaves and inflorescences of the plant help to overcome the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, they are brewed with strong migraines, rubbed with an extract of the skin affected by rashes or allergic reactions.

This type of mint is a perennial representative of the flora, capable of growing up to a meter in height. Its roots resemble woody rocks with straight and strong stems. The flowers have a dirty pale color, they can be pinkish or purple. All inflorescence is collected in a specific umbrella at the tips of the vegetative organs of higher plants.

Meadow or field plant

It can be found in the European, Asian, Caucasian, Indian or Nepalese markets. It also grows near river banks, close to other bodies of water. Essential oil has a peculiar smell and a cloying, bitter taste that combines menthol and various citrus notes.

According to the experiments, it was reported that a person who inhales the aromas of peppermint of this sort will, during 24 hours, reduce the consumption of fats, proteins and carbohydrates several times. The plant is used as an additive to dishes, in the pharmacological field (treats bloating, inflammation of the stomach, heartburn).

Ginger Type

Among all the varieties of mint presented is ginger, which is growing so far, which is mainly in Egypt. Does not have an unpleasant numb aftertaste. According to the recommendation of traditional healers, the flowers of the plant, after preliminary drying, are taken for inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Helps to overcome meteozavisimosti, soothes shaky nervous system. Stems are distinguished by four faces, besides they are straight and branched with a horizontal and well-developed root system. The leaves of the plant are wide, at the ends become pointed with an elongated ovoid shape.

The plant is often grown for ornamental purposes and all due to the fiery and greenish shade. Small in size flowers, which are collected in woven branches, eventually formed inflorescences in the form of spikelets of pink or purple hue.

Mint with chocolate aftertaste (chocolate)

The plant grows quickly in places with high humidity, prefers a light soil, rather aggressive, but practically does not require any additional care. It stands out among other varieties for its pleasant taste and sweetish aroma. Resistant to insect attack, as well as sub-zero temperatures. With the necessary light sheets are painted in a dark purple color.

This type of mint is often grown for decorative purposes. But, due to the increased content of essential oils and a pleasant chocolate taste, it is used for confectionery purposes and in pharmacology.

Lemon flavored (lemon balm)

This fragrant plant is also called honey shoe, honey or melissa, Mint with lemon flavor gives off a pleasant and refreshing citrus flavor. It grows on the southern European and Mediterranean plantations.

This plant stands out for its value, taste and healing properties, it contains a high concentration of vitamin C, pigment, unsaturated hydrocarbon from the class of carotenoids, fragrant substances. For many centuries, mint has been grown as a honey plant. This plant belongs to the perennial class, it begins to bloom in summer, and the fruits ripen after about a season.

If you pay attention to the plant itself, then its height can begin from 30 centimeters and reaches one and a half meters. The branching of the stem or the lateral shoot is short, the flowers have a blue, snow-white or light purple shade, the upper leaves are placed in the axils. Large-sized, black fruit can be used as seeds for three years.

This plant is rather winter-hardy, but in severe frosts it is desirable to cover the soil with a layer of peat.

Despite the fact that the market can find different varieties of mint, they are all united by common advantages. The main thing is to choose among the whole abundance of goods the one that you really need and is suitable not only for pharmacological features, but also for the price. Mint itself is a valuable medicinal plant, but if it is supplemented with a lemon, ginger or chocolate aftertaste, it can be actively used in cooking, in the preparation of cooling and low-alcohol beverages.

Pennyroyal

Flybird is a low perennial, 20-60 cm, with branched stems and wedge-shaped petioles. Light purple flowers with white tubes form thick rings. Flowering continues from mid to late summer. The fruits are ready to be collected in late August - early September.

Marsh mint is valued for the pullegon essential oil interspersed with menthol. Finds application in confectionery, preservation, perfumery. In the people it is used as an antiseptic and a means for healing wounds, cures hysterical conditions, bronchial asthma and prolonged cough.

It is forbidden to use during pregnancy due to abortive properties.

Moroccan mint

This type of mint is appreciated by cooks, it is worth remembering refreshing Moroccan tea. The delicate aroma and bitter shade of the leaves contribute to quenching thirst. Popular seasoning with mint for sauces and desserts. Mint drinks relieve pain and various inflammations, increase immunity, normalize blood pressure, and improve digestive processes.

Chocolate mint

Culture grows in the form of a short bush with shoots dotted with round leaflets with notches. With sufficient light, the leaves become saturated purple. Off-white panicles bloom in early August. Prefers moist, light soils, growing in a short time. Resistant to cooling, disease and pests.

Chocolate mint is named for the appropriate taste and sweet smell. It is in demand as an ornamental plant, spice and medicine.

Mint garden

This fragrant variety is grown everywhere. Strong plant up to 90 cm high bred for commercial purposes in the perfume, medical and culinary fields. The presence of carvone softens the taste and aroma of garden mint, which is appreciated in the production of alcoholic and soft drinks, chewing gum, toothpaste.

Ombalo: flea mint

The creeping plant rarely grows above 30 cm. It has dense pubic leaves and a false whorl of flowers. Cultivated with the purpose of decorating the garden, like a honey plant and insect repeller. The latter quality is due to a large number of pulgon and limonene.

Horse mint

The plant is also known as Marsh Shandra. It grows bushes, composed of upright pubescent stems 60 cm tall. Attached to the shoots oval, moderately pubescent leaves below. Horse mint blooms with white-pink or dark purple panicles throughout the summer. Unpretentious, light-loving culture grows wild in the meadows, landfills, wastelands, in the ravines.

Molar tree

Perennial indoor plant in the form of a shrub. Evergreen. The stem is thin, well branched, reaching a length of 1 meter. The leaves are small pubescent with a subtle pleasant smell. The edges of the leaves are carved. Flowers usual lilac shade, collected in inflorescences. The plant is light-loving. At room temperature blooms all year round.

Scandinavian ivy

Indoor herb with lodging shoots. Stem creeping. Reaches 1 meter in length. The leaves are rounded at the edges of toothed, green in color with a brilliant sheen. Not picky, grows in any climatic conditions.

Pleckrantus Ertendal

Houseplant exclusively ornamental in the form of shrubs. Stems erect with a height of up to 1 meter. The velvet leaves are bright green on one side and purple on the other. Blooms profusely. The flowers are collected in false whorls of white.

Perennial medicinal fragrant plant with a long creeping rhizome. The stem of a single pubescent is branched and upright from 15 to 45 centimeters in length. Leaves are petiolate, oval, finely toothed along edges. The flowers are small pink-purple or purple. It blooms all summer until late autumn. It grows everywhere.

Perennial herbaceous plant. The stem is one-year tetrahedral in height from 30 to 100 centimeters. Leaves oblong, ovate with pointed tips, smooth on top, pubescent below. The flowers are small, purple color. Flowering period from July to late summer. It grows in the south and south-west of Russia.


Herbaceous perennial plant. Stem erect very branched. The height of the stem from 30 to 125 centimeters. The leaves are ovate on the edge of large-toothed, opposite cross, petiolate. The flowers are small unobtrusive, rarely yellow or pink. They are collected in the corolla of 6-12 pieces. Flowering period from July to August. It grows in Ukraine and Moldova.

Perennial herbaceous plant. Stems are normal up to 80 centimeters in height. Oval leaves pubescent to 4 centimeters long. The flowers are small pink or purple, collected on the false whorls located along the stem. It blooms from June to October. It grows everywhere.

Perennial herbaceous plant of the family Luminous. Stem erect branched height of 20-60 centimeters. The leaves are oblong in the shape of an ellipse at the base are wedge-shaped, serrate on the edge. Small flowers collected in dense spherical rings, corolla pink-lilac with a white tubule. It blooms in July and August. It grows in floodplain meadows, along river banks in the western regions of Ukraine, in the south of the Caucasus, in Central Asia.

A perennial plant with a light lemon scent. Stem, creeping on the soil, tetrahedral, green, having a strong peculiar smell that attracts cats. The height of the stem is 40-100 centimeters. The leaves are velvety, green toothed along the edge. The flowers are small, funnel-shaped, collected in long inflorescences of white color with purple speckles. The flowering period is June-July. It grows everywhere.

Herbaceous perennial plant with a delicate scented aroma of menthol. The stem is like a regular peppermint with a height of 15-100. The leaves are oblong pointed egg-shaped with teeth on the edges. Flowers of lilac or pinkish shade are collected in whorls. It blooms all summer and autumn from June to October. It grows throughout Russia.

Perennial herb with creeping rhizome. Stem pubescent, branched, tetrahedral up to 60 centimeters high. The leaves are paired, opposite, long-petiolate, rounded-heart-shaped with a strong unpleasant odor. Blooms blue, light purple, less reddish or white color. Flowers tubular double-lipped are collected in whorls of several pieces. Flowering period from June to August. It grows in the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, in Central Asia and Kazakhstan.

Perennial medicinal plant, excellent honey plant. The stems are straight, reach a height of 1 meter, smell of licorice, densely covered with leaves. The leaves are gathered in a brush length of about 10 centimeters. Have a weak taste of anise. The flowers are purple-blue, tubular up to 1 centimeter long, collected in dense spicate inflorescences. The flowering period is very long from May until winter.

Perennial herbaceous, medicinal, honey plant. Stem erect, tetrahedral, branched, pubescent with a height of 30-120 centimeters. The leaves are opposite, pubescent, lower - heart-shaped, long-petiolate, serrate on the edges, upper - oblong, serrated. The flowers are usually small, white or pink.

Peppermint and its varieties

In the garden, this type of mint is most often grown. It was bred artificially in Britain 5 centuries ago. Perennial plant has such characteristics:

  • pubescent stems up to 1.3 m,
  • bright green oblong leaves,
  • lilac-pink flowers.

Demanded not only for pharmaceutical purposes, but also for landscaping the site. The plantation needs to be renewed only once every 3-4 years, otherwise it will lose its decorative effect. This type of mint has about 25 subspecies.

Attention! Peppermint blooms all summer. The plant is an excellent honey plant and introduces a menthol flavor to honey.

Pepper is used to obtain the essential oil and menthol. More of these substances can be collected during processing. menthol mint - hybrid pepper. The variety is short, dark stalks reach only 65 cm. To make the leaves as saturated as possible with the necessary substances, in the first season it is necessary to delay their collection for 3 months. From the second year, the leaves immediately grow as needed. High concentration and strong aroma of menthol gave this species resistance to many pests and diseases.

Another kind of peppermint - chocolate mint. With good lighting, its foliage acquires a rich purple color.

Curly Mint Most like on properties like peppermint. Other names of the culture are German, spring, spike-shaped, curly. Almost does not contain menthol, but it contains more valuable essential oils of carvone and linalool. Therefore, the plant is valued higher than peppermint. In addition to traditional applications curly mint is used in the tobacco and soap industries. Characteristics of the plant:

  1. Refers to the herbaceous perennials.
  2. Reaches 80-90 cm in height. Stems - erect, without hair.
  3. Leaves - oblong, wrinkled. Almost no fleecy cover.
  4. Flowering occurs from early summer to early autumn. Flowers - lilac-pink.

Wild cat and dog mint

Wild species is also called oregano, field or meadow, motherboard. This is a short plant up to 80 cm in height. Wild mint is unpretentious. If it is enough to water it, it will grow well. This species is more commonly used in pharmacology, because the content of valuable substances in it is higher than that of the counterparts. The spectrum of health care in mint is wide.

The leaves of field mint are ovoid, with a pointed tip. Flowering occurs from the beginning of summer to the first autumn frosts. During this period, you should also collect raw materials for procurement. Petals - lilac-pink. Oregano on the bed literally smells sweet.

Catnip, catnip or budra got its name because of the special relationship with her cats. The aroma of greenery has a stimulating effect on the nervous system of these animals. Therefore, the four-legged next to it behave quite strange. The leaves at Boudra form are similar to the peak suit in the maps. Flowers of white or pink shade are collected in a brush. Catnip blooms beautifully, and grows not only in the gardens, but everywhere in the wild version.

Bivy-shaped udra also especially aromatic. But the taste is bitter. It is this property that made dog mint a good base for tonic drinks. The plant is short, with creeping stems. Good honey plant.

Mint house (room) and lemon

The indoor variety is great for growing on a windowsill. Other plant names are plectrantus, molar tree. In fact, it is a distant relative of mint. The composition of the soil, he is not picky. Loves an abundance of light, but without the direct rays of the sun. In height the bush reaches 150 cm.

Like home, lemon does not belong to the genus Mint, but belongs to the same family. In Russia, this plant is known by many as Melissa. Other names - honey leaf, honey shoe. A characteristic feature - a pronounced lemon flavor. Melissa is valued for its taste, it is rich in carotene, ascorbic and essential oils. It blooms in summer, is an excellent honey plant. Description of the variety:

  • height - 0.3-1.2 m,
  • stems - branched, erect, with fine pubescence,
  • leaves are ovate, fleecy, juicy green,
  • bloom - throughout the summer,
  • flowers - pale lilac or white with a blue tint.

Attention! This is a frost-resistant culture. So that she survived the winter painlessly, in the fall mulch the soil with dry peat.

Other varieties

Korean MintShe is a Tibetan lofant and a mongrel one, wrinkled, is also not mint botanically, but very similar to her. На Востоке её целебные свойства ставят в один ряд с женьшенем. Высота взрослого кустика — не более 1 м. Он имеет прямостоячие стебли и довольно крупные овальные листики.

Цветы — трубчатые, белые или почти фиолетовые, объединены в колосовидные соцветия. Цветение приходится на вторую половину лета. В этот период растение благоухает неповторимым мятно-анисовым ароматом. Northern origin predetermined good frost resistance. The plant can withstand up to -15 ° C.

Feature long mint leaves - application in the production of green cheese. The essential oil of this plant in large quantities contains the substance pulegon and ascorbic acid. The leaves have a pleasant aroma and taste, but for this they need to be collected before flowering. Plant height - 75 cm. Blooms with pale purple flowers at the end of summer.

Ginger mint does not have a cooling menthol effect, but is able to calm the nervous system well. Culture grows up to 1 m. The leaves are partially painted yellow. The plant looks beautiful in the decor of the site. It blooms from June to mid-autumn with spike-shaped pink inflorescences.

There are many types. To make the right choice, plant the one that best meets your needs. Consider the purpose of the plant: whether it will be the basis for medicines and herbal teas, yard decoration or spicy and tasty seasoning.