Dracaena Marginata quite common flower, often found in our home and offices. Since the plant is practically not killed, then it can grow even a novice grower, who occasionally may make mistakes in the care. The homeland of Draceni is the island of Madagascar, and it has the second name - “Dragon Tree”.
Care for Dracena Marginata after purchaseImmediately after purchase, the flower should be placed in the quarantine zone away from the plants that live in the house.
This is done with the purpose, if the flower is infected with pests or bacterial diseases, so that it does not pass to the rest of the plants in the house.
After the flower has been adapted for two weeks in a new place, and the owner is satisfied with the health of the acquired plant, it is possible to begin transplanting with the complete replacement of the earth.
This is done because the flower is planted in peat, which is very moisture-consuming.
If you leave a flower in it there is an opportunity to fill the flower with water during watering. In addition, this soil is not nutritious, because it does not contain organic compounds.
Therefore, it is transplanted on this recommendation:
- Take the flower out of the shipping pot,
- Dust off the ground, easily pressing it with your hands,
- Peat, which has not disappeared freely, can be removed using a stiff toothbrush, making combing movements from the root of the neck to the ends of the roots. In this case, it is necessary not to push hard, so as not to tear the roots,
- After that, the flower is planted in a new substrate "For palm trees",
- The first watering is carried out with warm settled water after 2-3 days.
Strongly from the humidity of the air, the plant does not depend, but when the air is dry in summer, the plant will require spraying or a warm shower twice a day. Otherwise, the tips of the beautiful leaves will dry out from the dry air.
Also, when rinsing with a shower, dust is washed off the leaf plates, which interferes with photosynthesis. At the same time the pot is wrapped with cellophane so that the earth is not wet, and there would be no excess watering.Direct sunlight in the summer can burn the leaves, but at other times of the year Dracena feels good standing on the southern windows.
Therefore, in the summer it is better to remove it to the window sill with any direction other than the southern one, or if there is no other window sill, then put it deep into the apartment, where there will be bright ambient lighting.
In winter, the flower does not require highlighting, it lacks natural light.
Choose a place to put
The ideal place for a plant is an east or west window. If the windows are oriented to the south, then since May, Dracena is moved away from the window so that the summer sun rays will not burn the leaves of the flower.
In the apartment of the north-oriented dracaena, the sun will be missed in winter, and it will begin to build up weak trunks, so it starts to be highlighted with special lamps for plants.
What does the interior look like?These resistant plants are often used for landscaping premises.
Since they have beautiful foliage, and they can withstand care errors.
They are exhibited in groups when they are still small or put on a tapeworm if the palm has reached the meter mark.
Dracaena Marginata has variations in leaf mass and therefore it is possible to purchase Drazena of different colors. and put them in a bright corner of the room, which will give it a beautiful and memorable look.
- Fertilizer fertilizer with a high content of phosphorus and potassium,
- Good ambient lighting,
- Watering with warm water.
Dracaena blooms in white small flowers, gathered in an umbrella inflorescence. They bloom at night and exude the aroma of honey.The best time for transplantation is March-April - spring time before the onset of sustained heat.
Young plants are transplanted annually, and older ones every 4 years or as needed.
The necessary soil and capacity is purchased, which will be slightly larger than the plant root system.
Dracaena with an inclined pot is easily removed from the soil, shake off the old one and transferred to a new container with a new nutrient soil.
The pot needs to be taken exactly according to the size of the root system of the plant; otherwise, in a very spacious pot, the likelihood of the roots decaying may occur.The flower can be planted with seeds. To do this, they are soaked in any growth stimulator at a temperature of +32 degrees, and kept for about a day.
Planted seeds in the ground loose and nutritious watered with warm water and put in a place where the temperature is high enough.
You can put the pot near the heating devices, but in this case it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out. About a month later, the seeds will begin to spit, and when they reach 7 cm, they are transplanted into separate cups.
Propagated Dracene with:
The cuttings are a clipped tip and can be put in water for reproduction with the addition of activated carbon. After a time, the roots form on the stem and it is ready for planting.
Layers are when small shoots appear on the trimmed trunk. And when their number exceeds 4 pieces, they are grown and cut for reproduction. Seeds can be purchased at a specialty store and grow beautiful Dracene from them.
RejuvenationTo rejuvenate the old plant must be rejuvenating pruning. Because over time young bush grows to 3 m and a bare trunk with a panicle of leaves at the end does not always look beautiful.
Cutting off such a flower, we get a few new shoots.
The crown shoot is cut off with a sharp knife or shears, and the cuts are powdered with wood ash. In order to empty the trunk after circumcision gave side shoots it must be dried to avoid rot and build in the upper part of the mini-greenhouse.
Under it, a microclimate is formed with a moist environment, which will stimulate the growth of lateral shoots. At the same time, watering is reduced, so as not to provoke decay in the cut off part of Drazenas.
When young shoots start to grow well, the greenhouse is removed and the plant continues to grow by 2-4 heads. And the shear top after rooting can be planted in the same pot in the lower tier of the plant.Dracaena prefers regular and abundant watering with warm filtered water.
When watering with cold water, the plant may experience shock, and its leaves will begin to fall off, baring the trunk.
Water it with such frequency that the ground has time to dry 3-4 cm deep.
After any irrigation performed, it is necessary to carefully loosen the soil in the pot so that oxygen can reach the roots of the Dracaena, and they can get enough of it.
In the summer the plant is watered about once a week, and in the winter once a month.Since dracaena is an ornamental-deciduous plant, its dressings should be distinguished by a large proportion of nitrogenous substances that serve to build up the green part of the plant.
Therefore, they acquire fertilizers for decorative flowers and water the plant twice in the summer, and in the winter, once a month and in half dosage.
The correctness of the fertilizer should be indicated on the packaging of the feed and should not be removed from it.
Diseases and pestsOn the Dracene, a scab or mite can appear with the wrong care and in order to get rid of it, Actellic must be purchased and the flower sprinkled three times with an interval of 7 days.
If spots of rot or fungal disease appear, it is necessary to spray the flower with an appropriate fungicide.
It must be remembered that it is necessary to inspect the plant for the presence of pests or infections once a week, since it is easier to get rid of the disease noticed in time than when the whole flower is already struck.
Almost all leaf plates were sprinkled on the plant, only two remained at the very top. How to fix the situation?
Remove the plant from the soil and inspect the root system. If black or empty roots are found, they are cut off and the rest is sprinkled with activated charcoal. After that, Dratzenu is planted in a small-sized tank in the size of the root system and is not watered for 2 weeks. And only then begin careful watering with warm water and not too much.
My trunk wrinkles from the ground and small midges fly over the very ground. What is it?
Most likely Dracaena is flooded and requires an urgent transfer to a new ground. Therefore, it is removed from the soil, inspect the roots and remove damaged. If the remaining roots are in sufficient quantities, the flower is planted in a new ground. If there are practically no more roots, the trunk is placed in water to build up the root system.
They gave Dratsena, but while I was taking her home, I probably froze and black spots appeared on the leaves.
Black spots can no longer be cured and if they are located on the lower leaf plates, then over time they will disappear in old age. If the growth point of the flower is damaged (frozen), it may die. Also, after the purchase it is necessary after 2 weeks to transplant the flower in the required substrate with a survey of the root system.
Learn more about caring for the Marginata dragonza from the video below:
Given the great popularity of the Draganza Marginata, breeders are constantly working on breeding new varieties. Already there are several varieties of this species, differing in various colors. Most common of them:
The variety Bicolor Dracaena (Bicolor) is distinguished by longitudinal pink stripes located on narrow leaves.
A variety of Draganza Magenta or Magent (Magenda) has a thin strip of red or crimson along the edges of long, narrow green leaves.
In the Tricolor variety Tricolor, the green and red stripes are separated by yellow, due to which it appears that the leaf is golden-green in color.
The Colorama variety is distinguished by wide red stripes, so the leaves, on the whole, appear red.
Stock Foto Dracena Colorama with red leaves.
There are many other varieties of Dragini Marginat, differing in at least original colors. Among them: Exotic (Exotic), Red Princess (RedPrincess), Crown (Crown) and others.
Wild-growing trees The draganes of Marginat have green leaves with a red-violet edging.
In addition to the original appearance, Dracaena Bordered attracts amateur flower growers with a number of useful properties.
Like many other dracaena, Marginata able to remove toxic substances from airsuch as ammonia, benzene, formaldehyde, toluene and xylene. These poisons are often released into the air from cheap finishing materials. Acting as a natural conditioner, dracaena can heal the air in any room.
In addition, this plant perfectly moisturizes the air, which is especially important during the heating season.
Thanks to its bactericidal properties, plants Dracaena Bordered, while in a residential area, help prevent the occurrence of complications of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, contribute to the speedy healing of wounds and cure skin diseases.
The word "dracaena" of Greek origin, in translation means "female dragon". The origin of this name is due to the fact that in case of damage the dragons emit a dark red gum (thick juice). Gum is used in medicine and food industry.
According to their physical properties, the fibers of this tree resemble stubble or horsehair; therefore, in their homeland, plants from them make brushes.
Dracaena marginata at home
Forced in nature to survive not in the most comfortable conditions, dracaena feels great in pot culture. It is unpretentious, care for the plant can not be called laborious, and therefore the plant enjoys the deserved attention of fans of indoor plants.
Quite large specimens of the Madagascar dragon palm tree can be found in residential and office premises, and if the dragon tree of marginata gets in good conditions, then in the house it can grow to a natural three meters and becomes like a slender tree.
In addition to the fact that the plant is not capricious and original, interest in it is supported by the dracaena’s ability to effectively purify the air and bring peace and spiritual well-being to the inhabitants of the house. The flower in the room imperceptibly affects the energy, charges with optimism, raises the tone.
How to prune magrinata and to transplant a plant?
Having brought a plant to the house from a flower shop, it is important to examine it and decide on the fate of the flower. After purchase, the dragon flower of the margin can be postponed if the plant purchased in winter or autumn has good condition and there is enough soil for growth. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. Excessively wet soil or roots sticking out of the pot is a sure sign that urgent measures cannot be done!
But buying a flower in spring, when all living things start to grow, you can safely transfer the dracaena to a new loose substrate after two weeks by first selecting the appropriate pot.
Since the plant grows quickly and is distinguished by its high growth, it is better to give preference to a stable, with a broad base, heavy pot that will ensure the safety of both plants and people.
After some time, the long, bare stems of dracaena lose their decorativeness, and the plant requires too much space. How to cut the margin of marginat and when it is better to do it?
Such a procedure is one of the necessary measures to care for margin drapese at home. It is carried out:
- to limit the vertical growth of shoots
- to activate tillering,
- to make the flower more compact form.
In dracaena, the top of the stem is cut, and the cut is treated with crushed wood or activated carbon. For large trunks use candle paraffin or garden var. The top of the shoot covered with a package or film. With further care on the bare stem, additional buds wake up, the formation of new shoots begins. The remaining tip also takes root easily and becomes an independent plant.
Pruning, as well as breeding dracaena, engaged in the spring. In addition to the apical shoots, to obtain new young flowers, segments of stems about 10–15 cm long are used, as well as on the photo, as well as kids, which form at the base of the old specimen of dragon flowers of marginate.
Rooting is carried out in a mixture of sand and peat with the addition of pieces of charcoal and sphagnum. The best results can be obtained in a greenhouse.
The formation of a complete root system takes no more than 30 days. In the future, young dragon trees are transplanted at intervals of 2–3 years, carefully transferring an earthen clod to the pot a couple of centimeters more than the previous one. Drainage and light, well-aerated soil are required for planting, for example, ready-mix for palm trees and dracaena with the inclusion of small-caked red bricks, sand and coal.
Dracene Bordered perfect temperature range 18-22 ⁰С in winter and 25-28⁰С in summer. If possible, for the time of the heat, it is better to move the flower to the balcony.
Wherein it is important to eliminate the occurrence of draftswhich this plant is very afraid of.
This fact must be taken into account when airing in winter - if the dracaena is standing near the window, it is better to temporarily cover it. He does not like wood and sudden temperature changes.
Not recommended during the heating season put dracaena near the battery and other heating devices, because it feels very bad in overdried air.
Soil for growing marginata should be nutritious and moisture-consuming. Substrate can be purchased at the store or cook yourself. The best is a mixture of leaf, turf land and peat.
As for fertilizers, Marginata does not have any special preferences in top dressing. Main fertilizer requirement: high content of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. During active growth (from spring to autumn), top dressing should be added to water for irrigation 1-2 times a week, and during the rest period (in winter) - once every 1-2 weeks.
Dracaena Bordered at Home blooms extremely rarely, usually with uncomfortable conditions. Its flowers are small, inconspicuous, white or green in color, with a specific heavy smell. Therefore, if you are lucky enough to see your flowering plant, it is better to take it out of the room for a while.
If the leaves turn yellow and fall?
The most common problem of the Marginat Dracaena is the drying up of the tips of the leaves or the complete drying of the leaf, followed by dropping. This happens usually under the influence of dry air. If dry leaves have already appeared, it is permissible to trim the tips, but only slightly. If you cut the sheet too much, you can provoke further drying.
Yellowing of the leaves is usually associated with excessive watering.
Avoiding health problems is quite unpretentious to care. Draginy Marginat can follow the rules of watering and spraying, as well as providing the plant with comfortable lighting, temperature and humidity. Another reason for drying leaves is the lack of transplantation for several years.
But important to rememberthat leaves can fall off for natural reasons. The life of dracaena leaves is 2 years. After this period, the leaves wither.
Dracaena Bordered sufficiently resistant to pests. Чаще всего это растение подвержено поражению тли, тля повреждает нижнюю сторону листьев, от чего они скручиваются и высыхают. Бороться с появлением тли поможет опрыскивание растворами инсектицидов (деррис, актелликом, фитовермом, детис и т.п.).
Среди вредителейspiderweed mites that weave thin webs on the leaves, and a scythe, which forms brown patches and sticky specks, also affecting dracaena.