Depending on how much time passes from planting to harvest, all varieties of potatoes are divided into five groups:
- early potato varieties (50–60 days),
- medium early potato varieties (60–80 days),
- mid-season potato varieties (80–100 days),
- medium late potato varieties (100–120 days),
- late potato varieties (120 days or more).
Among the well-known and proven varieties of yield, resistance to disease and safety in the winter from early ripening varieties first grade Luck, second - Zhukovsky early. From midrange leading Nevsky, Elizabeth, Ryabinushka. Among mid-season varieties in the first position Aurorafollowed by Skarb, Petersburg, Lugovskoy.
Potato varietySpring white - ultra early (42–45 days), fruitful. Tubers 80–140 g, low starchiness. The flesh is white. The quality is good. Resistant to cancer, highly resistant to macrosporosis, moderately resistant to viral diseases and relatively resistant to late blight.
Potato varietyDuckling - early ripe (60 - 65 days), fruitful, drought-resistant. Tubers up to 250 g, starchy average. The flesh is light yellow, does not darken. Resistance to late blight is medium, tubers - increased. Weakly affected by the nematode. Resistant to rhizoctoniosis, bacteriosis, tuber scab, mosaic viruses, cancer. Increased resistance to wireworm damage.
Potato varietyZhukovsky early - early ripe (45 - 50 days), fruitful. Tubers weighing 111– 117 g, starchiness low. The flesh is white, not dark. Resistance to nematodes, cancer, late blight (tops - medium), to common scab, to heat and drought - high, to rhizoctoniosis - medium.
Potato varietyBullfinch - early ripe (45 - 50 days), fruitful. Tubers weighing 60–90 g, medium to high starchiness. The flesh is white. Resistant to cancer.
Potato varietyPogarsky - early ripe (55 - 65 days). The tubers are aligned in size, starchiness is low. The flesh is white. Medium to good quality. Resistant to severe viral diseases. Medium resistant to late blight. Weakly affected by common scab, rhizoctoniosis, stem nematode.
Potato varietyRosara - early ripe (60 - 65 days). Tubers up to 150 g, starchy average. The flesh is yellow, does not darken. It is resistant and moderately resistant to various viruses, resistant to the nematode, poorly resistant to phytophthora, poorly affected by scab, not affected by cancer. Does not reduce the yield of 4–5 years without updating the seeds.
Potato varietyRed Scarlet - medium early (70 - 75 days), productive. Tubers 80–120 g, low starchiness. The flesh is yellow, does not darken. The quality is good. Resistant to golden nematode, to cancer. Slightly sensitive to stem phytophthora, good resistance to tuber phytophthora. Medium sensitive to scab.
Potato varietyRyabinushka - medium early (70 - 80 days), productive (as a grade Nevsky). Tubers 90–120 g, starchiness average. The flesh is creamy, not dark. Resistant to the causative agent of potato cancer and the golden potato nematode. Moderately susceptible to late blight and moderately resistant to late blight of tubers.
Potato varietyIlinsky- medium early (70 - 80 days), heat and drought resistant. Quite starchy, tubers weighing 100–130 g. The flesh is white, it does not darken. Preservation from medium to good. Relatively resistant to scab, viral diseases. Moderately susceptible to late blight, Alternaria, rhizoctoniosis.
Potato varietyDarenka - mid-season (80 - 90 days), fruitful, heat and drought-resistant. Tubers 100–110 g, starchy. The flesh is yellow. Storage shelf is good. Resistance to cancer, scab, nematode, viral diseases is high, to late blight - medium.
Early potato varieties: photos and descriptionToday there are about five thousand varieties of potatoes, and every year their number is growing. The greatest interest among gardeners causes early potatoes. Some gardeners have time for one season to gather from the beds for two crops of this vegetable due to varieties of early ripening. On top of that, early potatoes have time to ripen and are harvested before they are affected by blight. Let us consider in more detail the ultra early, early and middle early potato varieties on the market.
These are superearly varieties that ripen in 45-55 days after germination.
The growing season is 65-70 days, but they start digging up roots earlier. Variety yield per hectare from 220 to 490 centners (depending on the time of harvest). 10 to 15 nodules mature under each bush. The average mass of root crops is about 80-170 g. They contain starch about 12.6-16.3%. This potato has a great taste and crumbly flesh that does not darken when sliced and cooked. Suitable for cooking any dishes from this vegetable. The bonus of this ultra early variety is a good keeping quality (94%) and resistance to many diseases (scab, golden nematode, black leg, rot and cancer).
Received by Dutch breeders, recommended for the regions of the southern and central regions of the Russian Federation. You can dig for 45 days from the period of emergence of shoots, and full technical maturity occurs at 60-70 days. Productivity is quite high - 370–600 centners are collected from one hectare. Each bush forms from 16 to 21 nodules, the average weight of which is about 120-160 g.
Check out the best varieties of potatoes.
Smooth tubers with a light yellow skin have an elongated shape, flesh with yellowness and excellent taste, not darkening after boiling and cutting. The starch content of tubers is on average about 14.6%. Great for any type of heat treatment - cooking, frying, stewing, roasting. Potatoes "Impala" tolerates drought well and does not like too wet grounds. There is resistance to the golden potato nematode and potato cancer, it is not particularly affected by viruses and common scab, but it is not resistant to powdery scab and rhizoctoniosis, late blight. It can be harvested for the winter, as it has a holding capacity of 90%.
The full name of this variety is Finnish breeding "Timo Hankkiyan." It is zoned in the North, North-West and Central regions, but can be grown in different areas. The harvest ripens in 50-65 days, but new potatoes can be dug for the 40th day. Productivity makes 150-380 centners from hectare. The average weight of potatoes is from 60 to 120 g (depends on the time of harvesting).
Forms oval nodules of yellow or beige tones with yellowish light flesh inside, having excellent taste, not darkening when cooking. Suitable for various heat treatments (frying, boiling, etc.). The starch content of this potato is about 13-14%. Unpretentious, and tolerates drought, and an overabundance of moisture, can grow on different soils, but it shows itself best on sandy. He has a good keeping quality (96%), resistance to damage, but the roots start to germinate early. Not prone to diseases such as scab, rhizoctoniosis, potato cancer, black leg. Unstable to phytophthora and golden nematode.
Bred by the Dutch, it can be dug already for 45 days from the emergence of shoots, although it fully ripens in 80 days. Recommended in the central regions of the Russian Federation, although it may grow in other areas. Productivity from 136 to 366 centners per hectare (depending on the period of digging). The weight of potatoes that have reached full maturity is 100-180 g. Forms oval nodules of beige color with cream color of the flesh. It has good taste, it can be boiled and fried. The most delicious in the form of young potatoes. Contains starch ranging from 11 to 16%. It is characterized by resistance to mechanical damage and drought. Of potato diseases, it is only affected by common scab and blight, moderately resistant to black leg. Lean enough - 94%.
It was received by breeders of Belarus, zoned in the Central and North-Western regions of the Russian Federation, has positive reviews from Ukraine and Moldova. New potatoes can be dug for 50 days from emergence, and reaches full maturity in 70-75 days. The harvest per hectare in the state of technical maturity can be collected from 130 to 350 centners. The record yield for this variety is 716 centners / hectare. The weight of a technical maturity tuber is 90-140 g. It has potatoes of yellow color of skins and creamy-yellow flesh that does not darken during processing. It has good taste, great for frying, but does not boil well. Starch is the proportion of 11.5 to 17.8%. It is resistant to many diseases of potatoes, but it can be affected by rhizoctoniosis, moderately resistant to leaf curl, alternariosis, dry fusarium rot and phytophthora. It can be harvested - the capacity is 94%. Demanding on agricultural technology: fertilizer application, irrigation during drought, the best yield indicators - on medium and light soils.
Early ripening potato varieties begin to dig 60-70 days after germination.
Important! To get the highest possible yield, you should choose varieties zoned in your area. It is best to decide in advance on the quality and culinary qualities of the selected variety, its requirements for soil, climate and agricultural technology. The safest thing to buy planting material in specialized stores and exhibitions.
Russian variety, zoned in the Volga-Vyatka, Ural, West Siberian, East Siberian, Far Eastern regions of the Russian Federation. Fully ripens in 60-70 days. Harvest from one hectare is usually in the range from 172 to 292 centners. Forms under a bush 6-9 root crops with average weight with full ripeness 86-167 g. It has an oval-shaped potato with reddish skin and white (cream) tones of flesh. Good taste, medium stew. Suitable for soups, frying, chips. Contains starch in the range of 15-17%. It tolerates hot dry weather. It has resistance to various diseases of potatoes, but is not resistant to late blight and golden nematode. It is well stored, the index of caliber is 95%.
This is a Dutch variety, fully ripening for 70-75 days, with a yield of 240-300 centners per hectare. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region of the Russian Federation, but can be planted in other areas. Fruits weighing from 71 to 134 g. Forms potatoes with skins and flesh of yellow tones. Good tasty vegetable, but most suitable for frying and chips. The starch content is in the range of 14-16%. It is susceptible to blight, scab, rhizoctoniosis, viruses and decay.
Gaining full maturity in 60-70 days and can be successfully grown in many regions. It has a high yield - 400-450 centners of potatoes are obtained per hectare. The mass of ripened root crops is from 100 to 120 g. This potato has a pinkish skin and white flesh, well suited for frying and chips, soups and salads, but badly boiled soft. Contain starch within 10-12%. It is a shade-tolerant and drought-resistant variety that stably yields in various conditions. Possesses sufficient stability, although it can be greatly affected by blight. The stability is 92-96%.
The ripening period lasts approximately 85 days. Recommended for northern and central regions. Such a variety stably yields from every hectare at 240-370 centners. The weight of one vegetable is about 87 g. The fruits have the shape of an oval with a slightly depressed tip. The smooth skin is whitish, the flesh on the cut is also white, a lot of eyes. Due to the low starch content (11.7-14.1%), the flesh does not darken during processing. Taste properties are good.
Potatoes "Izora" resistant to damage. Therefore, when digging up, the roots are practically not damaged and the crop is harvested without loss. It is resistant to cancer and moderately resistant to viruses. The stability at the level of 92-95% allows it to be stored for a rather long time. The best soils are loam, sandy loam, peatlands.
It was developed in Russia, it can grow in different areas and on different soils, but it is recommended for the regions of the central part of the Russian Federation. From each hectare yields 400-450 centners. It has an oval-shaped potato with a blunt tip and small eyes. He has whitish-colored tubers with a smooth skin and white flesh. The growing season lasts 80-90 days. One vegetable weighs 78-122 g. Contains starch at the level of 11-17%. It has a mediocre taste characteristics. Potatoes are distinguished by good keeping quality (84-97%). Unpretentiousness to growing conditions and resistance to such diseases as cancer, rot, scab, viruses make it quite attractive for growing.
The growing season lasts 60-70 days. Productivity - from 359 to 600 centners per 1 hectare. The weight of one vegetable is about 80-120 g. One bush can produce from 7 to 11 root crops. Not particularly damaged and suitable for harvesting for the winter - 94% keeping capacity. The roots of this variety of Dutch breeding have an elongated oval shape with yellowish skin and cream-colored flesh.
It will be interesting to learn more about the beneficial properties of potatoes.
Differs in remarkable taste, does not boil soft, does not darken when processing and is used for preparation of many dishes. Contains starch at the level of 12-16%. The variety is resistant to some diseases - cancer, scab, viruses.
The harvest of sredneranny potatoes begin to dig in 75-80 days after germination.
Received by Dutch breeders and ripens in 65-75 days. It has an attractive presentation and good taste. The harvest is quite high —290-350 centners per hectare. The main thing: to monitor the provision of necessary moisture. Forms oblong-round potatoes with a reddish skin and has a slightly yellowish flesh, small eyes. Dry matter is 19-20%. This culture is resistant to many diseases.
Ripens in the range from 70 to 80 days, and the entire growing season is approximately 108 days. With good care, the harvest from each hectare is quite high - about 100-300 centners. The weight of one vegetable is approximately 120-200 g. Bushes form roundish potatoes with light tones of skin, medium-deep eyes and cream-colored flesh. In its composition, the fruit has about 14-17% starch. It has excellent taste properties. It is resistant to cancer, but can be affected by scab or late blight. Can be stored for a long time.
The variety of the Russian selection "Visa" has a crop formation period of about 70-80 days. Recommended for the North, North-West, Volga-Vyatka regions. With proper care per hectare, it turns out to harvest 170–326 centners. The maximum yield is 466 centners / ha. Roundish roots have a smooth peel of a reddish color, flesh is slightly yellow, eyes deep are medium. The weight of one vegetable is about 72–120 g, and the presence of starch is about 14–19%. Storage quality - 89%. It has good taste. The variety is quite resistant to many diseases of potatoes.
It is a variety of Belarusian breeding, zoned in the North-West, Central and Volga-Vyatka regions of the Russian Federation. The growing season is 65-70 days. High yield - about 400 centners / ha. The largest crop, which was recorded, amounted to 760 centners / ha. From each bush of this species, you can collect 8-12 tubers. Potatoes have a roundish yellow color, the flesh is also yellow. Potato mass - 100-200 g.
Good taste, suitable for frying and salads, but does not boil well. It is recommended for long-term storage in the winter period - a keeping capacity of 90%. Resistance to cancer, late blight of tubers. Medium resistant to late blight, black leg, Alternaria, Fusarium. It can significantly affect ordinary scab. Responsive to fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, best of all shows itself on light and medium soils.
This variety of Dutch breeding is recommended for cultivation in the middle zone of the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Moldova. The harvest per hectare is about 180-378 centners. The weight of one vegetable is about 80-110 g, the starch content is about 10%. Quite large tubers have a good appearance - about the same size as an oval shape with a smooth yellow skin.
Eyes are located at medium depth. The flesh is cut on a light yellowish color, does not boil soft and has remarkable taste properties. This type is suitable for stocking in winter. It is resistant to various diseases, but it can be affected by late blight, foliage or scab.
When planting early potatoes, remember, he will please first!
The most favorite dish of early summer is young potatoes. This delicacy is not cheap now, so it’s so profitable to grow it with your own hands. You can speed up the harvest of any varieties of potatoes.
But most quickly it will be possible to dig up young tubers to the table, if you take ultra early and early varieties for planting.
potato variety Riviera
Dutch superearly cultivar. The plant is low to medium, the flowers are red-purple. The tubers are oval-shaped, large, the color of the skin is yellow, the color of the flesh is light yellow. It has a good presentation and taste.
Starch content at the level of 11.5-15.9%. It is capable under favorable conditions to form a commercial harvest (244 centners / ha-280 centners / ha) on the 35th day after germination. It is resistant to the causative agent of potato cancer, scab, nematode, viral infections. Susceptible to late blight.
Timo's potato variety
Early table variety of Finnish selection. Куст низкий, цветки фиолетово-голубые. Клубень овально-круглый, глазки средней глубины. The peel is smooth, yellow.The flesh is light yellow, does not darken, does not boil soft. The mass of commercial tuber is 70-120g.
Under the bush 5-9 tubers. The starch content is 13.4-14.2%. It is appreciated for the friendly return of early production, good taste qualities of tubers, the formation of the crop before the appearance of blight. Young potatoes can be broken in 40-45 days after planting.
The variety is sensitive to scab, therefore it is recommended to choose a neutral pH of the soil and to maintain a sufficient amount of moisture at the time of the start of tuber formation. It is poorly resistant to late blight, and is also afraid of sudden temperature changes (towards the cold).
potato variety Karatop
Early table grade of German selection. The height of the bushes is average. The flowers are white. Tubers are oblong-oval in shape, the skin is yellow, small eyes. The flesh is light yellow.
Bulk tuber weight 58-105g. Starch content is 10.6-14.4%. It is distinguished by the friendly formation of tubers of good taste. Ripens in 50-60 days after full shoots.
The number of tubers under a bush is on average 16-18 (up to 25). The average resistance to fusarium is above average.
Rosara potato variety
Early ripe German grade of universal appointment. The bushes are low, semi-sprawling, the flowers are red-purple. Tubers are oblong-oval in shape, the peel is red, the flesh is yellow, it does not boil soft and does not darken after cooking, small eyes. Well stored.
The mass of one root 80-115g, the number - 15-17 ripened on one bush. The starch content is 12-16%. It tolerates drought, cold snap, high humidity.
Resistant to cancer, potato nematode, relatively resistant to scab, poorly susceptible to late blight for bottomes and tubers. The variety does not reduce the yield for 4-5 years, so there is no need to change the seeds. Together forms tubers 50 days after full germination.
Bellarosa potato variety
Early ripe table variety of German selection. The bush is tall, upright, the flowers are red-purple. Tuber ovate-round, smooth, has a beautiful presentation: pink peel, small eyes. The flesh is light yellow. Bulk tuber weight 117-207g. The number of tubers in a bush is 8-9 pieces.
A distinctive feature - large tubers. There are cases when the weight of one tuber reached 800g. To obtain large tubers, it is necessary to plant a little less than recommended (about 45 thousand tubers per 1 ha).
The yield on the 45th day after full germination (first digging) -143-277ts / ha. Starch content is 12.6-15.7%. It is resistant to diseases: cancer, bacterial rot, scab, potato nematode, viral infections. Delicious.
potato variety Lark
Early variety of Russian breeding. The bush is upright, of medium height. The flower is long-lasting, the flowers are purple. Tubers are white, short-oval, slightly flattened, under a bush of 8012 pieces. The eyes are small. The flesh is slightly creamy.
When cooking, the tubers are crumbly, very tasty, the starch in them is 17-21%. Resistant to common scab and viral diseases. Poorly resistant to macrosporosis, relatively resistant to late blight.
How to properly prepare and process the potato tubers before planting in the ground
Early varieties will more quickly form a crop if you take large tubers weighing 50-100 grams for planting (the optimal size is from a chicken egg) and sprout them in loose soil from peat and sawdust (1: 1). Before spreading potatoes on it, the substrate is slightly moistened with a weak solution (2g / l) of any universal fertilizer of complex action. The grapes are laid right next to each other and slightly pressed in, but do not fall asleep (in the light, the shoots are less stretched). On sunny days, planting should be sprayed with warm water. Planted seedlings with a clod of earth should be planted on ridges at the age of 40-50 days. The strongest sprout.
Ways of planting potatoes
It is possible to germinate tubers in plastic bags with a capacity of 5-6 kg (having previously made holes in them to allow air) or large plastic bottles with a cut-off top. For uniform and uniform germination, the tubers are inverted every 5-7 days.
The optimum time for germination is 3-4 weeks. Early potatoes should be planted when the soil warms to 6 ° C at a depth of 6-8cm. The benchmark for experienced gardeners is birch, at this time its leaves bloom the size of a penny. In the central region of Russia, this is the second or third decade of April.
You can plant 7-10 days earlier, if you cover the planting with non-woven material. Potato planting depth is mainly 6-8cm. However, the earlier it is planted, the smaller should be the sealing of tubers. Large tubers are buried deeper than small ones.
For economic purposes, they are divided into:
dining rooms, the most common, with high taste, containing less than 18% starch, a lot of protein and vitamin C,technical, with a starch content of more than 16%, and a low amount of protein, are intended for the production of starch and alcohol,universal, with the amount of starch from 16 to 18%,feed, high-yielding, with large tubers, contain a lot of starch and protein.Dining types in turn, for use in cooking, are divided into 4 groups, denoted by Latin letters:
- type A - with dense pulp, not boiling soft, salad type,type B - universal, with dense flesh, weak mealy, slightly boiled soft,type C - with soft pulp, medium mealy, strongly boiled soft,type D - completely digestible.
Such a classification is adopted in Western European countries and is often labeled on imported potatoes. Type A is used for salads, type B and C - for the manufacture of chips, french fries, mashed potatoes, type D - only for mashed potatoes. Another common type of classification is by the color of the tubers.
White, yellow and red potatoes are traditionally grown in Russia. Varieties of white potatoes are considered more delicious, razvaristym. Tubers of red potatoes are better stored, they have more antioxidants and other beneficial substances, in addition, they form less solanine.
Varieties are also distinguished by the color of the pulp, mostly white or yellow. In our country, white pulp is usually preferred, and yellow potato is more popular in Europe because it contains more carotene.
Currently, selection work is underway to create fruits with multicolored peel and flesh. Red, purple, blue and even black varieties have already been developed and are on sale.
They are still quite expensive, but, according to scientists, the brighter the color of the pulp, the greater the vegetable useful properties. It is the pigments that provide an unusual color, and are responsible for the antioxidant activity of the plant. Multi-colored potatoes in the market of our country appeared recently and in small quantities, although in Europe and America it is already quite famous and popular.
Common zoned varieties
Below are some popular and promising varieties of potatoes, zoned in our country. They are grouped by maturity and color of tubers. Of the early varieties of red potatoes, Red Scarlet and Jubilar are common with yellow flesh and starch content up to 15%, Kholmogorsky, with light yellow flesh, good taste, starch content from 11 to 14%, Rosara, with starch amount - 12-16%, excellent taste, relatively resistant to late blight, resistant to nematode, cancer. Among the early white potato varieties recommended for cultivation, Impala and Antonina, with a light yellow flesh, high taste, resistant to cancer, with a starch content of 17.7 and 19.4% complies It is robust, Sturdy, with creamy pulp, starch 10-12%, all varieties resistant to cancer, nematode. Middle-early varieties of red potatoes, zoned in our country: Visa, with light yellow pulp, Ilyinsky, with white pulp, Guslar, all varied , with a starch content of 17-18%, with good taste, resistant to a complex of diseases.Mid-early white potato varieties:
high-yielding, with excellent taste, resistant to late blight of tubers, cancer, drought-resistant, all species with a flesh of light yellow color.Mid-season red potato varieties:
with creamy pulp, resistant to cancer and nematode, with a starch content of about 12%, 14%, 17%, respectively.Mid-season white potato varieties:
The best varieties of potatoes
The best varieties of potatoes are divided into several types. Early, mid-early, mid-ripening, mid-late and late, this division occurs on the basis of their planting dates and harvest. Early potato varieties can be dug out 50–65 days after planting, medium-early varieties after 65–80 days, middle-aged varieties will be ready for harvest in 80–5 95 days, medium-late digging in 95–110 days, but late potato varieties require 110 and more days for ripening.
Early potato varieties
To the most early potato varieties table appointment to treat the variety "Timo". This potato variety is suitable for cultivation in all regions of Russia. This potato variety is very tasty, well tolerated in storage and is resistant to potato cancer.
The yield of this variety is 340–610 c / ha. Good, table, early ripe grade of a potato "Impala". This potato variety is popular and grows well in the central and southern regions of Russia.
This variety is distinguished by a high yield of 550 to 620 kg / ha, the tubers of this variety are 90-150g, the peel is yellow, smooth with small eyes, and the flesh of the potatoes is light yellow. This potato is resistant to cancer and the golden potato nematode. "Red Scarlet" is an early potato variety, considered to be one of the best varieties of red-skinned potatoes.
It is grown in the central and southern regions of Russia, where it is popular. This potato variety has a rather high yield of 400–660 centners per hectare, the tubers of this potato are rather beautiful, large 85–120 g, red smooth skin, small eyes, and yellow flesh color.
This variety is distinguished by the fact that it does not darken with mechanical damage and does not change its color after cooking. The potato variety Red Scarlet is well able to tolerate drought, it also has resistance to potato cancer, late blight, golden potato nematode, leaf curl and viral diseases. The cultivars of the potato varieties distributed throughout the West Siberian region of Russia are Antonina.
The yield of this potato variety is 211–300 centners per hectare; the tubers of this potato are oval and have a light yellow color; they are well stored. Variety of potato "Krepysh".
Zoned in the Central region, has oval tubers, the skin is smooth, yellow, the flesh has a cream color. The variety has good storage. The yield is 276 centners per hectare. The Kholmogorsky potato variety is zoned for the Northern region of Russia.
The tubers of this variety are oval, the skin is smooth red, the flesh is light yellow. It is well kept, the yield of the Kholmogorsky variety is 392 c / ha.
Mid-season potato varieties
Among the mid-season potato varieties, the variety “Peter's Mystery” is worth noting. This variety is zoned in the Northern, Northwestern and Far Eastern regions of Russia.
Tubers are oblong-oval, the peel of potatoes is smooth red, creamy flesh. Peter's Riddle contains starch - 10–12.5%. The yield of this potato variety is 192–336 c / ha. The variety "Kolobok" is zoned in the Central region of Russia.
The tubers are oval-rounded, the peel on the potatoes and the flesh is yellow. The yield of the variety is 124–227 centners per hectare. Excellent storage. Potato variety "Pirol" is mostly zoned in the central region of Russia.
The tuber of this potato is ovate-rounded, the peel and flesh are yellow. The yield of this variety is 118–227 centners per hectare. Well kept.
Medium late potato varieties
The variety "Zhuravinka" refers to mid-late varieties of potatoes, which are zoned in the Central region of Russia. The tubers of this potato variety are oval-rounded, the skin has a red color, and the flesh is light yellow.
The yield of the Zhuravinka variety is 177–242 centners per hectare, it is also worth noting that these potatoes are well kept. Potatoes "Saturn" variety, which is zoned in the Central region of Russia.
The tuber of this variety has an oval-rounded shape, the peel has a yellow color, the flesh is light yellow. The yield is 155–246 c / ha. Potato variety "Chaika" zoned for the Volga-Vyatka region
Russia. The tuber of this potato variety has an oval-rounded shape, the peel is yellow, and the flesh is light yellow. The yield of the “Seagull” is 242–414 c / ha.
Late ripe potato varieties
But among the late ripening varieties of potatoes worth noting "Zdabytok". This variety is zoned in the Central region of Russia, where it is popular.
The tubers of this potato variety are oblong-oval, the peel of the tubers is red, the pulp is white. Variety "Zdabytok". contain - 19.2–25.4% of starch. The yield of the variety is 211–298 c / ha.
Early and ultra early potato varieties are most in demand, as a rule, exactly by summer residents, for they are very interested in seeing and eating the results of their labor as quickly as possible. It is easier for a gardener to grow 2-3 potato harvests from one plot in one season than to look at a late summer, even if the most extraordinary variety matures. Thanks to the work of breeders, today there is a huge selection of early and ultraearly varieties of potatoes of the most varied flavor, external and agrotechnical characteristics.
New varieties are distinguished by tasty tubers that do not darken during culinary processing and contact with air, even with prolonged storage. Early potato varieties are divided into: - ultra early, tubers of which can be used for food 45-60 days after germination, - early-ripe - ready through 60-70 days, - medium early - after 70-80 days. Ultra early potato varieties (45-60 days) The variety is early ripe, for table use.
When harvesting 45 days after germination, the yield is 1.5 kg / m2. The maximum yield of 4.5kg / m2. Tubers oval weighing 90-160g with red skin and white flesh, highly marketable. The taste and keeping quality are good.
Starch content in tubers is 15-17%. The variety is resistant to a number of viral, bacterial and fungal diseases. The ultra-early variety gives crops before the appearance of phytophthora, has good keeping quality, has time to give two harvests per season. The ultra-early table variety.
The mass of the commodity tuber is 90-150g, the keeping quality is good, the dormancy period is long. The taste is good, the content of starch in tubers is 15%. Ultra-early variety with yellow tubers and creamy pulp. Tastes are excellent. The whites and pulp are white.
Tastes good, resistant to potato nematode and viral diseases. Suitable for deep-frying. It has the earliest tuberization. A very productive Dutch ultra early variety.
Tubers of the extended form, light yellow, creamy pulp. Consumer quality is high, suitable for deep-frying. Resistant to potato nematode. Dutch ultra early productive variety with good taste.
Tubers aligned in size, smooth, yellow-cream color. It has good nematode resistance.Early ripe potato varietiesYielding early varieties of potatoes, the tubers of which have pink skin and red eyes. The flowers are pink.
Resistant to late blight. Variety with pink tubers with white flesh. The flowers are white. Resistant to late blight.Zhukovsky earlyEarly variety of table purpose, suitable for processing on crisp.
Tubers are pink. The eyes are red. The flesh is white. Mass of commercial tuber 100-120g. The starch content is 10-12%.
The value of the variety: precociousness, high marketability of early products, good taste. Early ripe table potato variety (market). Forms commodity tubers of elongated oval shape weighing 110-130g. The peel is red with superficial eyes, the flesh is light yellow.
Tubers of good taste, starchiness 16-18%. The yield of 5.5 kg / m2. Resistant to viral diseases, cancer, poorly eaten by the Colorado potato beetle. It is best preserved at a temperature of + 2-3 ° C. Early table variety of potatoes.
It has rounded yellow tubers with small eyes and white pulp weighing 80-120g, good taste, starchiness 10-12%. Tubers high-quality, well preserved. Variety resistant to scab.
Productivity 3,5-4kg / m2.Gollandsky early potato variety with red skin and high consumer properties. Tubers are large, round-oval with white flesh.
Yield 700-800g / bush Suitable for cultivation on various soils, tolerates drought, blooms poorly or does not bloom at all. Disease resistance is average. Table grade with a close return of early products.
Tubers are ovate-rounded, with smooth yellow skin and small eyes. Taste good, resistance to late blight is average. Dutch is very productive variety with a compact nest. Large even oval tubers of light yellow color.
The flesh is yellow, the taste is excellent: crumbly, suitable for deep-frying, has a resistance to the nematode and is sufficiently resistant to late blight. Early ripe variety of table purpose. Forms oval tubers with white skin and pulp, weighing 120-150g, commodity, good taste, starch content of 12-15%.
10-12 tubers are formed on the bush. Yield 3-5kg / m2 in any growing area, resistant to late blight, wet and dry rot, scab and rhizoctoniosis.
Клубни хорошо сохраняются в зимнее время.На дачном участке ранние и ультраранние сорта картофеля могут использоваться для повторных посадок на огороде, успевают, например, дать 2-3 урожая экологически чистой продукции за один сезон. Consecutive planting in an intensive garden with the use of early potatoes, increase the profitability of a country garden by several times.
This variety from Holland is very productive - about 600 centners / ha. The growing season averages 75 days. One root crop weighs 80-130 g. Oval potatoes have a reddish mesh skin, and in a cut the light yellow flesh. The surface of the skin is slightly flaky and contains eyes about 1 mm deep. Contains starch about 13%, dry matter - 18.6%. Differs in good flavoring properties - practically does not decay when cooking, does not darken on a cut.
Suitable for any heat treatment and a variety of dishes. It is resistant to damage and deformation, as well as to re-germination. It is worth to prepare: logging reaches almost 98%. It is resistant to drought and many diseases, but its tops are prone to late blight.
This is a seed variety. It should be noted that the seed does not lose its qualities and can be used for several years in a row. The fruit ripening period is about 70-90 days. Depending on the quality of soil from each hectare, it is possible to collect from 110 to 320 quintals, and the highest yield of the full growing season is 340 quintals / ha. From one bush, 7-9 large fruits can be dug, each weighing about 95 g. Forms potatoes of excellent marketable appearance - about the same large size with dense pink skin and medium-deep eyes, cream-colored flesh.
Important! For long-term storage of potatoes, it is necessary to ensure that it has a temperature in the range of + 2-3 ° C, and the humidity should be 85-93%. The last indicator is very important - when a large amount of moisture begins to sprout eyes, and at 70% humidity the vegetable begins to lose elasticity.
It has an excellent taste - it does not have a wateriness, and because of the low starch content (14-17%), it almost does not darken when cutting tubers. From it turns out a gentle mashed potatoes, chips, it can be fried, boiled. "Romano" is suitable for harvesting and storage for the winter. This variety is resistant to many diseases and has the ability to germinate, even if the soil is not wet enough, tolerates drought. It shows best in the central and southern regions of the Russian Federation. Many early varieties have excellent taste and good quality, which allows you to harvest them for the winter. Early potatoes can be grown in the northern areas, and in the southern ones 2-3 crops can be harvested per season. Many early varieties are resistant to various diseases of potatoes and have time to ripen before the destruction of tops and tubers with phytophthora. All these qualities make the cultivation of early potatoes very attractive to many gardeners.
Was this article helpful?
Early and ultra early potato varieties: how to grow and get a crop, methods of planting, including under the film and agrofibre
Potatoes are grown in temperate climates around the world. In the countries of the Northern Hemisphere, it constitutes, if not the basis of the diet, then a significant part of it. Since its appearance on the Eurasian continent, many varieties with different characteristics have been developed. In areas with a short summer, early maturing is especially appreciated. Yes, and in other regions, gardeners planted early varieties in order to have young potatoes on the table already in June. Their only disadvantage is that they are not suitable for winter storage, so grow them in small quantities.
General characteristics of early ripe potato varieties
Early varieties of potatoes are characterized by a short growing season. It begins to grow actively as soon as the temperature of the soil reaches + 10 ° C. Harvest can be collected after flowering. It should be noted that during this period young tubers have very thin peels, and they cannot be stored for a long time.
The early varieties are classified as follows according to the time to achieve technical ripeness:
- ultra early (34–36 days),
- early (40–50 days),
- medium early (50–60 days).
For full ripening, potatoes need another 15–20 days. Fully mature tubers are stored for up to 5 months.
Ultra-early varieties are very popular. Thanks to their rapid maturation, they allow one to savor a young potato within a month and a half after sprouting. Their yield is lower in comparison with late varieties and varies from 1.5 to 4.5 kg per 1 m2, depending on the maintenance and irrigation.
In order to be with a fresh crop during the whole garden season, many vegetable growers and summer residents plant varieties with different ripening terms. When the ultraearly potato ends, the medium early and later late, which is stored until the next season, ripen.
Features planting early varieties of potatoes
Plant potatoes in bulk begin in early May, after the end of stable frosts. The seeding depth depends on the type of soil and the size of the tuber. If the ground is light, loose, then potatoes can be planted to a depth of 20 cm, in heavy soil - no more than 10 cm. Large tubers are planted deeper, small ones closer to the surface. Landing in arid areas deepens even more.
The main condition for the start of sowing potatoes is to warm the soil to at least + 10 ° C to a depth of 10 cm. Otherwise, the tubers will freeze and rot. The peculiarities of planting early potatoes include the fact that only germinated tubers should be planted. Otherwise, all the technical processes are the same as in the cultivation of medium-late and late potato varieties.
Video: tuber preparation
The better the potato tubers are prepared for sowing, the earlier and friendly the harvest will be.
This can be done in the following ways:
- Sprout the potatoes for 25–35 days, spreading out in a bright room at a temperature of +12. + 15 ° C.
- At the same temperature, germinate the tubers by placing them in boxes with wet peat or sawdust.
- Sprout seed tubers in plastic bags in a cool place.
- Check the tubers at a temperature not lower than + 10 ° C.
Germinated potatoes require very careful handling. Planting tubers with damaged sprouts will not yield.
Strong sprouts on seed potatoes - a pledge of quick and friendly shoots
The soil for spring crops begin to prepare in September and October. Simultaneously with the autumn digging fertilizer is introduced into the soil. Suitable fresh manure, which during the winter rot. In the spring, it is introduced only to rotted, otherwise the plants will “burn out”: fresh, it releases a large amount of heat. To get rid of the Colorado potato beetle and its larvae, urea or ash is added to the soil. Fertilizer can be added during planting. In this case, onion peel or ash is put on the bottom of the hole. The main thing - do not overdo it with fertilizers, as it reduces the harvest of potatoes not only their shortage, but also excess.
In order for potatoes to grow well and bear fruit, they need loose and light soil, which contributes to the saturation of the roots with oxygen.
Stony and dense soil does not suit him at all. Excessive humidity of the earth causes the development of fungal and bacterial diseases. But on the sandy, gray forest soils, light loams and drained peat bogs will grow well.
Clay, sour, sandy soil and salt licks can only be used after improvement. Straw humus, sand, sod soil, ash, lime or manure are introduced into heavy clay soil. In the sandy ground add rotted straw, peat, organic and mineral fertilizers of fast action. It is best to add compost or clay flour to the soil. Sandy soils should be regularly fertilized with compost and peat, and mineral fertilizers should be applied - often, but in small quantities. During autumn processing, loams should be fertilized with organic substances, adding manure and compost.
You can plant potatoes in a seedling way and get a harvest 2 weeks earlier. At the end of March, it is necessary to start preparing seed material for planting. In late April, it is sown, and in mid-May, ready seedlings are planted in the ground.
The seedling method allows you to harvest earlier
Growing early seedlings has its own characteristics. As the sprouts appear, they will need to be covered with soil all the time until the box is full. Thus, a developed root system is formed in the plant. When the seedlings rise by 15 cm in height, they can be safely planted in the ground, but only in well-warmed soil.
If the seedlings are planted in a greenhouse or a greenhouse, the maturation of tubers will be reduced by about two weeks.
Features of growing early potatoes
Since early potatoes have a very short growing season, by the time any infections begin to spread, the crop has already been removed. The Colorado potato beetle also does not have time to spoil it. Therefore, early potatoes are not exposed to the treatment of pesticides and chemicals. The main thing that early varieties need is watering and fertilizing.
Fertilize early plantings of potatoes according to their characteristics:
- Early varieties are much faster saturated with fertilizers introduced into the soil than mid-season and late ones. Therefore, it is best to use easy-to-feed quick-acting dressings.
- The introduction of humus creates the necessary nutrient, well-balanced environment in the ground. Manure warms and nourishes the soil.
- Active growth of the green mass of plants give nitrogen supplements. But the excessive build-up of green mass worsens the development of the root system and, accordingly, reduces the number of tubers.
- Early varieties need more phosphate fertilizers than late crops.
- When feeding potatoes with humus, the need for potash fertilizers is eliminated. Most often, potash fertilizers have no effect on the yield and quality of fruits.
- Mineral substances in high-speed forms contribute to the speedy harvest.
For early harvest, you can use the no-till method. Its essence is simple:
- The beds are about 4 meters wide and between them is 30 cm wide.
- On the bed are transverse grooves with an interval of 90 cm.
- In the grooves laid out tubers at a distance of 25 cm from each other.
- The laid tubers are poured with ashes and fertilizers and covered with earth above. Combs will be higher than with traditional planting.
- Over the entire growth period of the potato, until the tops are intertwined, it will be necessary to weed the aisle several times.
- Grown bushes require hilling. When hilling, it is necessary to rake up the earth from the space between the furrows, while shallow grooves are formed between the rows of rounded bushes.
Photo Gallery: no-till method of planting potatoes
Approximately 10 days before harvesting, it is necessary to cut the tops to half. When cleaning, you need to pull it out, destroying the comb with movements in the opposite direction from the landing. Thus, the grooves will turn out to be half full, but noticeable. The next spring, the potatoes should be planted in them, covering them with earth from the former ridges, which, in turn, will become grooves. So there will be a change of landing rows.
There are the following traditional methods of planting potatoes in the ground:
Trench - the most suitable method for a warm climate, light and sandy soil that does not contain moisture. Fissures are dug 10–15 cm deep at a distance of 70 cm from each other. They are placed tubers: large at a distance of 40 cm, small - 30-35 cm.
Trenching is ideal for regions with hot dry summers
A smooth landing (under a shovel) is carried out like this: a hole is dug, a tuber is put into it, sprouts up and then sprinkled on top of the ground. Landings are made in staggered order with an interval of 60–70 cm from each other. The depth of the hole is 10 cm.
Landing under the shovel - the main way practiced by most gardeners
The ridge method is used on heavy, wet soil. At a distance of 70 cm from each other, ridges of 10–15 cm in height are created, in which tubers are planted at intervals of 30 cm.
Growing potatoes in ridges saves them from excess moisture
When planting early potatoes should be guided by the following rules:
- landing should be in early May,
- choose the landing area should be sufficiently lit, without stagnant water,
- it’s better to have rows from north to south
- As the bushes grow, watering, hilling, and fertilizing should be carried out.
Hilling is carried out after the first shoots, as well as after watering and rain.
Watering is required several times:
- In a fortnight after germination.
- During flowering.
- When the ground gets too dry.
Top dressing requires a period of intensive growth of tops, budding and flowering.
Growing potatoes under cover
You can get an early potato harvest by growing it under film or agrofibre. When covering a plot with plantings, favorable conditions are created for the rapid growth of plants and the development of their root system.
Under potato film - ideal growth conditions
Under the film, potatoes will perfectly survive the frost and will grow much better. Tubers under shelter usually mature 2–3 weeks earlier than in unprotected soil.
How to grow early potatoes under the film:
- Prearrange the layout of the beds and prepare the required amount of film.
- Choose an early grade. Select for sowing only large tubers.
- Sprout seed potatoes.
- Protect the potato plot from the winds.
- Wait for the soil to warm up well.
- Make film cover: frame or frameless. When concealing shoots framelessly, the film is pressed down with the help of heavy objects so that it will not be blown away by the wind. With frame covering the film is stretched on the arc.
- Observe temperature conditions. In sunny weather, the soil under the film can warm up to + 45 ° C, therefore it is necessary to open the film for ventilation.
When growing potatoes under the film, the crop can be harvested already in the second half of May.
In the same way potatoes are grown under agrofibre. The only difference is that the agrofiber, unlike the film, allows not only light but also air to pass through, so it is not necessary to open it for airing.
With a sharp decrease in temperature, a double shelter of plants is used: on top of the fiber they stretch the film.
How to grow early potatoes in the greenhouse
In a greenhouse, potatoes are always excellent fruits, if the necessary conditions are met
You can get an early crop of potatoes when grown in a greenhouse, if you follow the following rules:
- For sowing, you need to select large tubers in the middle of November and arrange them in a place well lit by the sun so that they turn green.
- When the sprouts reach 1 cm, the tubers need to be put into boxes, poured with wet peat or sawdust and taken out for 1-2 weeks in a heated greenhouse. By the time of planting, strong sprouts and root buds should be formed in the tubers.
- Holes dig through the scheme 70 * 25, a depth of about 8 cm.
- Peat or humus is put into the hole, a tuber is put on top and sprinkled with earth.
- Watering after planting is not required. The first time you will need to water the potatoes when the sprouts appear and the soil dries.
- When the plants go to color, the humidity in the greenhouse will need to be maintained at 80–100%. The air temperature should be adjusted as follows: during growth, budding and flowering in the greenhouse should be +21. + 23 ° C, with the mass formation of tubers +17. + 19oS.
- Top-dressing with fertilizers is carried out in the same way as in open ground.
When growing potatoes in a greenhouse, it is not exposed to any diseases, and the crop reaches 3.5 kg per 1 m2.
Central Russia is its European part, distinguished by a temperate continental climate, snowy and frosty winters and humid summers. The average daily temperatures during the year range from -10 ° C to + 24 ° C. Soils are not too rich in nutrients. Potato is often exposed to high humidity. Late varieties do not have time to form the fruit. Therefore, to grow here you need to choose the early varieties with the best adaptation to any type of soil. Most popular in the middle lane:
- Ural early
- Zhukovsky early
- Red Scarlett,
Nevsky is the most common variety in Russia
In this climate, you can even get two harvests of potatoes per season.
The climate of the Moscow region also does not allow growing late varieties of potatoes, because the planting is carried out in late April - early May. It is necessary to choose local vegetable growers from early, mid-early and mid-season. You need to grow zoned varieties, adapted to local climatic conditions. Since the soil and climate of the Moscow region are often the cause of the spread of diseases of potatoes, you need to choose varieties that have good immunity. Zhukovsky Early is suitable for this region, as it has good resistance to diseases, and it can grow in any climatic conditions and on any soils. In addition, in the Moscow region the following varieties are growing successfully:
- Red Scarlett,
Caprice is very unpretentious in growing
The southern regions are not the most favorable area for growing potatoes because of too warm climate. Potatoes grow well with moderate humidity and medium temperature. In hot weather, the processes of growth and tuber formation slow down. Почвы на юге — преимущественно плотные чернозёмы. Они препятствуют нормальному росту клубней, вызывают их деформирование. Тем не менее картофель в южных регионах выращивают вполне успешно, выбирая районированные и хорошо адаптированные к повышенным температурам и чернозёму сорта:
- Zhukovsky early
- Red Scarlett,
Romano can grow on any soil
The climate of the Far Eastern region is notable for its contrast, but is generally too cold for growing potatoes: the average daily temperature in July is only +11. + 13.5 ° C. However, the light day is long, in July-August, its duration is about 19 hours. Due to this, the plants have time to increase the green mass and even form tubers, but only ultra early varieties with the shortest vegetative period. Growing late potatoes in the Far East is not expected, since the frost-free period here lasts from 52 to 111 days. Suitable for growing in this area:
- Priekule early
- Cupid and others.
The short growing season allows you to grow spring, even in the Arctic
Central Black Earth Region
The mild climate of the Central Chernozem Region is the most favorable conditions for growing potatoes. 55 varieties of this vegetable are cultivated here. Compared with the suburbs, the yield here is a third higher. Good weather conditions allow you to get two crops per season. Nevertheless, experts recommend growing only zoned varieties for high yields and savings of fertilizers and pesticides. The most common are Red Scarlett, Ramos and Nevsky.
Red Scarlett - a widespread variety in the Kuban
How to harvest two early potatoes
The easiest way to get two harvests per year is as follows: when harvesting early potatoes, they dig up a bush, remove large fruits from it, loosen the earth, make a hole deeper and immediately return it to the ground without disturbing the integrity of the root system. Soil around the plant trampled foot. After that, you need to water the bushes with water, and better - with a solution of mullein. When water is absorbed into the ground, it is necessary to loosen its upper layer. Then the plants need the usual care.
The plant should be fresh, without yellowness and any signs of disease. In the first 6–7 days after this procedure, it usually fades a little, but then quickly recovers, taking on its usual healthy appearance.
The second harvest is not worse than the first. Repeated harvesting of potatoes begins after the dying of the tops or its death from frost.
It is difficult to choose one from a large number of varieties. Therefore, when planting, it is necessary to focus on the priority varietal characteristics for you personally, the main advantages and disadvantages, the desired ripening period, and also to take into account the requirements for climatic and weather conditions.
- Author: Marina Degtyareva
- Print out
The best early productive varieties of potatoes: description, specifications, photos and reviews
Potatoes are varied varieties. Gardeners will easily pick up a tuberiferous plant for any requirements. Ultra early and early potato varieties are most in demand by summer residents, because they cannot wait to taste the young potatoes gathered in their own plot as soon as possible. Therefore, the early varieties can be found in every garden. To harvest high yields, it is required to study the rating of early varieties in terms of ripening, fruiting, and select the most popular among them.
The earliest varieties
Thanks to early varieties, in the suburbs you can harvest the first crop closer to mid-June, and the southern areas begin to dig potatoes in early June. How to achieve this result? To produce new potatoes, seed tubers are first heated in the sun, and then germinated for a month in a bright room. Only in this way receive an early harvest.
Potatoes Dutch selection. The nutritional value of a table grade on a five-point system is estimated at 4 points. When boiled, the pulp does not lose color, tubers are suitable for roasting, roasting, boiling, for preparing vitamin salads and soups.
Unlike standard varieties, Impala has a stable yield - 360 kg / ha. From planting to harvest takes 2 months.
- in the southern regions it is possible to grow the Impala 2 times per season,
- good keeping quality of tubers
- high disease resistance
- smooth, tender peel,
- the eyes are finely buried,
- does not harm the drought,
- tuber weight 88-150 g
Among the disadvantages are the instability to scab, rhizoctoniosis, late blight.
Early table vegetable with flesh of light, yellowish color. Oval-shaped tubers, short in length, small, light, beige eyes. When boiled, the pulp does not lose its brightness, does not turn into puree. Productivity - 200-250 centners / ha.
Potato varieties Lomonosov
The best varieties of potatoes for growing in the middle lane - choose by yield
Among the huge variety of varieties, not every variety is high-yielding. It is known that potato varieties tend to degenerate, so the purchase of varietal material is recommended not for a neighbor on the street, but for breeders who are engaged in breeding. This option will be more expensive, but in the end you do not have to change the seed every year, and grow your own, while it gives a good harvest. Consider the most popular varieties, characterized by high yield.
Early ripe table potatoes. Nutrient roots contain starch and carbohydrates. Round beige tubers are almost the same size. The pulp is pleasant to taste, does not boil soft.
Idaho Variety Potatoes
The variety is recommended for cultivation for industrial purposes, since from 1 hectare up to 600 centners of selected potatoes can be obtained.
- the right fruits
- resistant to diseases
- opportunity to get 600 kg / ha,
- high yield does not depend on climatic conditions of cultivation.
A high content of starch and carbohydrates increases the nutritional value of tubers.
The most delicious potatoes - varieties, descriptions, characteristics
Housewives are very careful in choosing potatoes: one does not like that the tubers boil soft and turn into porridge, while others are not satisfied with the color of the pulp and the lack of flavor. Consider the most delicious varieties from which you can cook a variety of dishes.
Late table grade. Round or oblong, oval tuber crops are colored yellow. Red, shallow eyes. Weight 1 tuber 120 g. Tuber crops are suitable for cooking various dishes.
Picasso Variety Potatoes
- Some gardeners attribute Kiwi to varieties with late sap ripening, since 120 days pass from planting seeds to full ripening of tubers.
- It grows well and gives a crop on any soil.
- When planting 1 kg of seeds, you can collect 2 buckets of potatoes.
When growing does not tolerate thickening plantings. If we neglect this condition, the yield decreases markedly. The optimal scheme for landing Kiwi - 40x70 cm, where 40 cm - the distance between the holes, and 70 cm - in the aisle.
Note to the vegetable grower!
When grown on podzolic and soddy soil, the seed embedment depth should not be less than 8 cm, and 6 cm on loams.
A variety of Russian breeding. Appeared in 1976. Technical maturity of the fruit comes on the 90th day. Due to the high taste qualities, he won universal popularity among summer residents and farmers.
Potato varieties Nevsky
- oblong-rounded tubers with smooth, whitish-yellow skin,
- vegetable weight - up to 130 g,
- eyes pinkish, not buried,
- from 1 bush collect up to 15 tubers, which is 1.5 kg.
The variety has a strong root system, which means it is not afraid of a prolonged drought.
Table variety of Dutch selection. Up to 600 centners of crop is harvested from 1 ha. Round tubers with reddish skin have tender flesh colored yellow. At the same time, almost all tubers are formed, therefore, when harvesting, all tubers are as on selection: aligned in length and have almost the same weight - up to 130 g. 75 days pass from planting to technical ripeness. Just like the Nevsky variety, Red Scarlett is drought tolerant.
Red Scarlett Variety Potatoes
In cooking, it is used to make chips and french fries. As for blight, the potato tubers are resistant to misfortune, but the tops are not. It needs feeding with complex fertilizers containing nitrogen, calcium, magnesium.
The most delicious potatoes - varieties, descriptions, characteristics
Housewives are very careful in choosing potatoes: one does not like that the tubers boil soft and turn into porridge, while others are not satisfied with the color of the pulp and the lack of flavor. Consider the most delicious varieties from which you can cook a variety of dishes.
Late table grade. Round or oblong, oval tuber crops are colored yellow. Red, shallow eyes. Weight 1 tuber 120 g. Tuber crops are suitable for cooking various dishes.
Picasso Variety Potatoes
The yield of the variety depends on the climatic conditions of cultivation. From 100 m2 you can collect from 190 to 320 kg of potatoes. The variety is characterized by the keeping quality of vegetables, resistant to the nematode.
Popular variety of table purpose.
Potatoes variety Tuleyevsky
- high yield - over 190 kg with 100 m2,
- resistance to late blight, Alternaria,
- weight of 1 tuber - up to 400 g,
- vegetables have a wonderful flavor.
Deficiencies in the variety is not revealed.
The variety Tuleyevsky does not need additional fertilizing, watering during the growing season. of all fertilizers only humus is acceptable.
What to plant on clay soils and sandy soils?
Clay and sand are not the best mates for growing potatoes. On sandy soils moisture and nutrients are not retained, but on clayey soils, on the contrary, water stagnates. And those and other conditions are not suitable for growing crops. So which varieties to choose to always be with the harvest?
Treats a table grade of the German selection of the middle early ripening period. You need to plant in April, and then in July you can collect tubers.
Due to the starch content, the nutritional flesh is soft and crumbly when cooked. Many are attracted by the yellowness of the pulp. Tubers in the form of an oval, yellow skin, sprouts are barely noticeable. The average weight of tuber is 120 g.
Variety of potatoes Adretta
- high yield
- unpretentiousness to growing conditions,
- the appearance of tubers,
- resistance to certain diseases.
For the Adretta variety, a characteristic feature is that even if the tubers get frost, in rare cases they acquire a sweetish taste. Among the disadvantages are weak resistance to common scab, late blight and blackleg.
Proven Russian potato selection. Bushes are strong, branched, heavily leafy. It takes 90 days from sowing to harvesting.
The pulp of tubers of the imperial variety is painted in a dazzling white color, used in the preparation of culinary delights. The variety can be grown for commercial purposes.
Potato varieties Elizabeth
- good yield
- resistance to everything: viral and fungal diseases,
- good keeping quality
- the weight of large tubers varies between 85-130 g,
- eyes are superficial, subtle and uncolored,
- tubers contain protein, vitamins and valuable amino acids.
The table variety with a yield of 290-350 c / ha has a high transportability.
Mid-season variety, from sowing to harvest takes 3-3.5 months. On light beige tubers are small pink eyes. Potato mass - 80-110 g.
Potato varieties Aspiya
He is not afraid of late blight, diseases caused by viruses, fungal diseases. Gives a stable and annual harvest. Tubers have a high appreciation of taste.
On the market quite recently, but in a short time he managed to establish himself as potatoes with resistance to drought and hot heat. Tubers are small, so the bushes do not need abundant watering and fertilization. For depleted soils - the best copy, but with one mark, if the gardener is satisfied with the weight of tubers, which barely reaches 80 g.
The above varieties guarantee a good harvest only if the agrotechnical methods of cultivation are observed. Increase the harvest by observing the rules: watering, loosening the soil, fertilizing, pest control. Comprehensive care will help to gather a good harvest from the area set aside for growing potatoes.