Today we will touch on such a sensitive subject as the color of urine in a rabbit. If you are a responsible owner, you should regularly check the feces of your pets, because they will help you understand that it’s time to show your rabbit to the doctor. The health of the urinary system of the animal signals the correct color of its urine. Usually with proper nutrition and good health, it is milky, muddy, and even red. But it is worth remembering that the unevenly colored red urine in a rabbit can be a signal of serious diseases of the genitourinary system. Let's see what exactly affects the color of urine in a rabbit.
The color of the stool from your pet may be affected primarily by what it eats. If today you gave the rabbit something of these vegetables:
- Bulgarian pepper
- lettuce leaves.
Do not be surprised that your pet's urine will be evenly reddish or red-brown for a while. This effect gives beta-carotene, which is found in excess in these products. Surprisingly, the branches of spruce and pine besides vitamin C also contain carotene. Hence the conclusion - red urine in a rabbit may appear after your pet has eaten coniferous twigs.
Increased urine pigmentation may signal that your rabbit is not running out of water. For example, in hot weather, when the body is badly in need of moisture, you do not provide the animal with fresh vegetables and fruits or water. Therefore, in the summer it is very important to ensure that the rabbit always has fresh water in the drinking bowl, and plenty of vegetables and fresh grass in the feeder.
Dark feces may be a sign of heat stroke in a rabbit. Therefore, do not allow your pet to sit in a stuffy and hot room in the summer. To reduce the body temperature of the animal, regularly wipe its ears with a damp cloth, since the ears of the rabbit, in addition to the auditory, also perform the function of an air conditioner.
Another cause of red urine in a rabbit can be experienced stress. The fact is that the sensitive organism of these animals reacts very negatively to sudden changes in weather or living conditions. Therefore, it is not worth once again to subject the impressionable pet to superfluous experiences.
Your rabbit, like any living creature can get sick. If a veterinarian prescribes a course of antibiotic treatment for your pet, then do not be surprised if your rabbit has reddish or pink urine for a while. This is a side effect of potent drugs on a weak rabbit body.
By the way, do you know what is pasteurellosis in rabbits? Look, this is interesting!
If the urine of your animal suddenly turned white, do not rush to immediately sound the alarm. The fact is that the urine of a healthy animal cannot be transparent. Just the same clear color of urine may indicate a lack of calcium or even such a serious disease as renal failure. White rabbit urine only says that your rabbit has enough calcium in its diet, which in a special way colors the animal's feces in a white (milky) color.
When it is worth being alarmed
As mentioned earlier, evenly colored urine in a rabbit is a sign of a healthy animal. He just something too red overeating. If you suddenly noticed that red spots appeared in the animal's urine, then do not hesitate - this is blood, which means that your pet should be taken immediately to the nearest veterinarian. What can indicate such an alarming signal as blood in the urine of a rabbit? First of all, about such diseases:
- kidney disease
- bladder infection
- bladder polyps,
- cancer (kidney or bladder).
A urinary rabbit may also indicate a disease of the genitourinary system. If the animal urinates frequently and very slowly, and also it is clear that this causes him discomfort, then he probably has problems with his bladder. To make sure that the diagnosis is correct, the attending physician must take the urine of the animal for analysis.
In rabbits, bleeding may indicate such a dangerous disease as uterine cancer. The risk of developing this disease is especially high if your animal is not sterilized. Also, blood in the urine of females may indicate a miscarriage.
How to pass tests?
If you suspect that your pet is sick, you need to play it safe and hand over his stool for analysis to a veterinarian. What is required for this? It is necessary that your rabbit needs a clean and dry tray. Then, we collect urine with a syringe and we take to the doctor. If it is not possible to show the rabbit feces right away, put the syringe in the fridge.
IMPORTANT! In the refrigerator, the urine of an animal can be stored no more than eight hours. Otherwise, the analysis may be incorrect.
If it is difficult for you to collect the sample for analysis from the animal, do not despair - the doctor can do it for you.
In the case of diseases, the discharge changes its color most often due to blood - noticeable recognizable blood marks appear in the urine. You can distinguish them by the presence of divorces with well-defined borders, or they are isolated drops of blood of different sizes. In this case, urine redness is caused by:
- kidney disease
- bladder diseases,
- liver damage,
- pathologies of the reproductive system.
Virtually any kidney disease in rabbits it can lead to such symptoms. However, the most common causes are the following diseases:
- Infection. Encephalosis is one of the most common infections to which eared pets are exposed. It affects many organs and systems of rabbits, including an extremely negative effect on the work of the urinary system, as a result of which the color of urine may change.
- Stones in the kidneys. This disease is a great danger to the health of the crawl. In some cases, even removal of the kidney is indicated. However, this is a very sensitive issue that requires an individual approach to each case.
- Crayfish. The most dangerous and, alas, incurable kidney disease, ultimately leading to death, if an operation was not performed. However, there is good news - in rabbits it is quite rare and is even less often the cause of blood in the urine of an animal.
If within three days of the selection of the rabbit did not acquire a natural color, it's time to make an appointment with the vet.
Bladder disease also lead to a change in the natural color of urine to red, and recognize them in rabbits is easy. If the pet began to spend more time urinating while sitting on the fingers of its hind legs, and the amount of discharge can be counted drop by drop, most likely the cause of urine redness is one of the following diseases:
- Hypercalciuria. The sand in the bladder irritates the organ and often causes cystitis. In this case, sediment, frequent urination, wet genitalia and urinary incontinence are added to the red discharge.
- Polyps in the bladder. Polyp is a benign tumor that can develop into a malignant one (cancer will occur). The neoplasm squeezes blood vessels and impairs blood circulation in the urinary system. Growing, the tumor interferes with the outflow of urine, which leads to further inflammation and the appearance of blood during emptying.
- Bladder cancer. As for kidney cancer, a rare but disappointing cause of urine redness.
- Cystitis. Inflammation of the bladder occurs as a result of many factors, and in itself it also causes urine to change color from yellow to red due to blood patches.
Liver Disorders can make a crawl urine red. However, in this case it is not due to the appearance of blood, but because of such chemical elements as urobilinogen and bilirubin. In extremely rare cases, an increased level of these substances also leads to a change in the color of the liquid emitted by the crawl.
The last reason dangerous to the health and life of the pet is reproductive system pathologies unsterilized animals. In this case, the discharge becomes darker due to the fact that in the process of urination the blood enters the liquid from the uterus or vagina of the rabbit. These consequences lead to:
- endometrial hyperplasia - an increase in the thickness of the mucous layer of the uterus,
- infections - encephalosis, a complication of cystitis, etc.,
- benign and malignant tumors in the uterus,
Rabbit disease is not the only factor that can lead to darkening and reddening of urine. There are a number of significantly less dangerous reasons:
- Nutrition. The vegetable pigments contained in the food consumed by the rabbit can add urine to orange and red hues. In healthy rabbits, porphyrin, beta-carotene and some other plant pigments lead to such a reaction. If over the past 24 hours a pet has eaten carrots, beets, spinach, sorrel, lettuce, bell peppers, and tomatoes, then a change in color is quite natural.
It is interesting to know that the same effect can produce conifers. Experienced rabbit growers know that pine and spruce are rich in vitamin C. However, not everyone knows that they also contain carotene.
Prolonged discoloration and other signs that indicate animal discomfort being tested are the direct basis for a vet visit.
First of all, the specialist will collect anamnesis after hearing the owner's observations. The most important indication, besides the color of the liquid, is the process of urination. The owner of the pet must be noted if the hare-like had difficulties. For example, the rabbit began to urinate less often, the volume of discharge decreased significantly, and so on.
Based on the information collected, the veterinarian will proceed with the diagnosis. Diagnosing the causes of urine redness involves referring a pet to an examination, including:
- Analysis of urine. The analysis is appointed to determine the direct factor that influenced changes in urine. In particular, the presence of blood, as well as the levels of urobilinogen and bilirubin, are being investigated. A positive test result will direct diagnostics on the right track.
- Blood test. Appointed not so rarely, the goal is to detect inflammatory processes, infections and other signs indicating a pathological process that led to a change in urine color.
- Ultrasound and X-ray examination. Auxiliary methods assigned to confirm or exclude a preliminary diagnosis. As a rule, the animal is shown their passage in case of suspicion of a tumor (benign and malignant), cystitis or stones and sand in the kidneys or bladder.
When the causes of the changes are established, the veterinarian concludes whether the rabbit needs any specific treatment or whether the general recommendations will be sufficient.
If the cause of urine redness is sand or stones in the kidneys or bladder, and nothing threatens the life of the animal, veterinarians prescribe a course of one or more drugs:
- antispasmodic - No-shpa,
- Litithics - Penicillamine, Marelin, Blemaren,
- antimicrobial agents - Immunal, Egocin, Ekmonovocillin,
- analgesic - Movalis.
If the cause of the symptom is inflammation of the urinary system, antibiotics are prescribed (Tetracycline, Biomitsin, Hemomitsin).
It is possible to help a pet by resorting to alternative medicine. However, they do this solely with the permission of the vet. For this purpose are used:
- Plantain. The herb is famous for its antimicrobial effect. To prepare the infusion, you will need 6 tablespoons of the plant (fresh or dried) and 0.5 liters of boiling water. Pour dry ingredients with water and let it brew for a couple of hours. Give the rabbit a tablespoon of infusion daily.
- Horsetail The plant is a time-tested diuretic. The infusion is prepared from a tablespoon of dry horsetail and a glass of boiling water. Let it brew for half an hour. Water the rabbit with the obtained remedy daily.
- Chamomile. The flower has a lot of positive effects on the health of the animal, as it has a bactericidal, sedative and anti-inflammatory effect. Preparing chamomile tea for yourself, you can treat them and pet. The main thing is that the drink be without added sugar. Chamomile is good not only as an adjunct in the treatment of diseases, but also as the prevention of rabbit diseases in the future.
- Dill. Another available diuretic. To make a medicinal extract from a herb, boil a tablespoon of dill seeds in 4 cups of water for 5 minutes. Water the animal with broth at least 1 time a day.
When the urine becomes red, responsibility for the health of the baby lies not only on the shoulders of the specialist, but also on the owner of the animal. To secure a pet and prevent the development of complications, the owner should:
- Isolate from a group of rabbits those animals whose urine reddened.
- Closely monitor the behavior of the pet, even after visiting the veterinary office, in particular, the process of urination. If after the start of treatment the symptoms have not subsided and become worse, this is a reason for a second visit.
- Provide access to clean water for rabbits. It is better to organize nipple drinkers. Thus, the animal will avoid water deficiency in the body.
- To exclude from the regular menu products containing beta-carotene and porphyrin in elevated concentrations (carrots, beets, spruce, etc.).
Red urine in pregnant rabbits
The appearance of drops of blood in the urine of a future rabbit mother is a sign of miscarriage and inflammation of the kidneys, to which the body is weakened by pregnancy.
To calm down or alert about the state of the rabbit, you can conduct a small diagnostic test at home.
To do this, add a little hydrogen peroxide to freshly collected urine. If the mixture starts foaming and hissing, it means that there is blood in the urine. If such a reaction is not observed, it means that the female most likely consumed too many food pigments the day before, and there is no cause for concern.
It is easy to prevent the change of urine color in rabbits. To do this, it is enough to adhere to preventive recommendations and to carry out appropriate measures:
- Provide your pets with enough clean drinking water throughout the year, and especially in the summer.
- Keep an eye on the diet of rabbits. It must be balanced and rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber. If there is no opportunity to ensure the natural flow of nutrients, then vitamin supplements are given in water.
- Do not self-medicate and do not prescribe antibiotics on the animal.
- Inspect the pet's cage regularly. Due to this, it is possible to notice in time the changed urine color and take appropriate measures in time.
- For content, give preference to cells with a mesh bottom. The state of the litter should be kept vigilant every day and kept dry and clean.
Red urine in a rabbit is not always a sign of health problems. Sometimes this is only a consequence of stress or overeating carrots. The task of the owner of an eared pet is to be able to recognize alarm calls and respond to them in time.