Currently, many growers tend to grow beautiful and beloved flowers, not only in the garden and suburban areas, but also at home. An exception are not lovers of roses.
The image of a rose has many meanings: it is a symbol of excellence, pride, wisdom, love, silence and mystery. With her are associated images of heaven, heart, lover, Venus, Our Lady. There are few people in the world who will remain indifferent to such perfection, because it will be able to decorate any celebration, holiday, garden, apartment, and will also bring much admiration to people close and dear to people. Is it possible to grow a rose from cuttings at home? It turns out you can. How to do this, we will look further in the article.
How to grow a rose from a cutting house?
In the reproduction of rose cuttings is nothing complicated, and even a novice gardener will be able to cope with it without much difficulty. It all depends on well-chosen material for planting and precise execution of simple rules.
But keep in mind that not all varieties of roses will be able to submit to the breeding method by cutting. For example, it is doubtful that wrinkled and yellow park roses can please you with rooted cuttings, but with miniature and climbing kinds of these beautiful flowers there will be no problems.
The advantage of the method of propagation of roses by cuttings is that root plants are not formed in plants obtained with its help, and this greatly simplifies maintenance.
Such events are more successful in the period from the end of June to the end of July, when the rose is fading, and its leaves and petals begin to fall off. This basis has the most chances to revive the finest specimens. But just as often, grafting is carried out in late autumn, and they even try to grow rose cuttings in winter.
Preparation of cuttings
Young and grassy shoots of flowers are completely unsuitable for grafting at home. But the stems of one year of life, with a girth of about four to six millimeters, which either have not yet begun to bloom, or are already fading, are suitable for these purposes as well as possible. It is all about the substantial content of carbohydrates in such cuttings, which contribute to more rapid and effective rooting.
How to grow roses from cuttings of roses presented or grown on their own flower garden? Talk about this further.
Cuttings of roses should be cut to a length not exceeding 25 cm. When cutting the stems into cuttings, it is very important to ensure that they have at least three buds. Cutting cuttings should be done using a sharply sharpened tool (for example, a special shears), treated with alcohol and boiling water. The lower cut is made obliquely - at an angle of about 45 degrees under the kidney. The upper cut is done straight, slightly higher than the kidney. In addition, at the bottom cut it is better to make another light incision along the stem about two centimeters long. This will accelerate the formation of roots.
We must not forget that as long as the cutting does not form roots, its stock of moisture will not be replenished. Therefore, it is very important to reduce evaporation of an existing one. For these purposes, the leaves are partially removed: the upper ones are cut off by about a third, and the lower ones are removed completely.
To increase the percentage of successfully rooted cuttings, experienced gardeners resort to keeping the lower section in various liquid biostimulants for plants for half a day (for example, in Heteroauxin or Epine). Or simply dip the cut into a dry powdered biostimulator (for example, in “Kornevin”). You can do without them, but this increases the risk of a lack of a good result, since the use of stimulants in certain quantities has a beneficial effect on the survival rate of the cuttings. It is very important not to allow the concentration of these substances to be exceeded, otherwise it may adversely affect the flowers. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions indicated on the packages of such preparations. Consider ways to grow a rose from the stem of a purchased rose or grown on your own plot.
Ways rooting cuttings
Prepared cuttings can be rooted using various methods, which are very numerous. However, the most effective are:
Consider how to properly grow a rose from a cutting in this way. This is one of the simplest and most popular rooting methods. Prepared using the above method shoots need to be put in cool boiled water. Every two or three days the water must be changed. Thus, after a month, the roots will begin to form in the cuttings, which can then be planted in the ground. Following this, the cuttings will need to cover with plastic bottles and do not remove them until the formation of leaves.
For this method of grafting better take young shoots from the side branches of the flower.
However, when applying this method of rooting cuttings, some nuances must be taken into account. First, it is better not to put a large number of cuttings in one container - they will be cramped. Secondly, it is impossible to pour a lot of water into the container, since this is fraught with a lack of oxygen at the bottom of the container and the subsequent death of specimens from rotting. Therefore, just in case, you need to prepare for the fact that not all cuttings can survive and take root. In addition, this method is not suitable for all varieties of roses. The most successful result will be with ground cover and dwarf species.
And how from a cutting at home to grow a rose in the soil? This type of rooting is the most difficult compared to the others, but it gives a good result by increasing the percentage of plant survival.
How to grow a rose from cuttings? To begin with, pour a layer of drainage to the bottom of the pot. As it is better to use medium-sized fragments of brick or rubble. After that, the drainage is filled with a special soil for roses. It can be purchased off-the-shelf in flower shops or garden shops. But the best option - to prepare the soil with his own hands. To do this, mix in a small pot in equal quantities turf and leaf land with sand (1/3 of sod land, 1/3 of leaf land and 1/3 of river sand).
The prepared mixture is additionally filled up with sand for 5-7 cm from the top. When planting cuttings, it is worth checking that they are deeper than a layer of sand, that is, directly in the ground.
Cuttings is better to have a slope, oblique cut down, at a distance of about three to five centimeters from one to another. The distance directly between the rows themselves should not be less than ten centimeters. After that, the flowers must be watered with clean water and covered with glass jars or plastic bottles with a cut off bottom.
The roots will begin to form after 25-30 days. Throughout this period of time, the soil must be kept wet. When the first young leaves appear in order to harden the plant, it is possible to occasionally remove the cans (bottles), which can then be completely discarded.
Carrying out cuttings at the end of spring or summer, some gardeners try to plant roses on the garden at once, others still resort to using pots so that temperature drops and bad weather conditions could not harm the plants. Moreover, in the late autumn, in any case, it will be necessary to dig up the cuttings grown in the garden, and then transplant them into pots and move them into the house so that the young bush will survive the winter.
In potato tubers
Now we learn how to grow a rose in a potato from a cutting. This is a fairly common, effective and reliable way. To do this, the length of the cutting of the flower should not be less than 25 cm. Potato tubers are better to pick up medium-sized, and also remove the "eyes" from them, to prevent their germination. Then in the tubers it is necessary to make small grooves of suitable diameter. There will be inserted cuttings.
After that, they take a suitable container, on the bottom of which a layer of sand about 3-4 cm deep is poured. Then in this container, keeping a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, potato tubers are placed with the cuttings of flowers already injected, which will need to be sprinkled with a small amount of earth. . Immediately after planting, the tubers with cuttings should be irrigated with a sparse solution of potassium permanganate (the solution should be weak, pale pink) and cover with cans. Likewise, all the fertilizing and nutrients of the rose will be obtained directly from the potato. As for irrigation, despite all the humidity that potato tubers produce, it should be regularly carried out. And at least once a week it is desirable to do this with the help of sweetened water. To do this, simply dilute 2 teaspoons of regular sugar in a glass of water.
Most gardeners choose this method, thanks to which, when growing flowers at home, the highest percentage of survival of cuttings is ensured. Moreover, with further planting, their adaptation process is painless and faster. The young shoots that have emerged from the buds will confirm the success of rooting.
Consider how to grow a stalk from a stalk in a package. There are several ways, but the most popular are two of them.
Many will be interested to learn how to grow a rose from a cutting in this way. For this, besides the package itself, you will need moss. The moss is placed in a plastic bag, and then prepared cuttings are inserted into it. After this package should be inflated tightly, securely tie and hang. With this method of growing cuttings, there is no need for watering, since the condensate that accumulates in the bag will moisten the moss and cuttings. And thus, the roots should be formed by the end of the fourth week.
To grow a rose from a cutting at home in this way, you need to soak about a dozen cuttings in room temperature water for 24 hours, and then roll them into a simple newspaper. The resulting bundle should be wrapped in a bag or a bag of polyethylene and left to be stored at home at a temperature slightly above 20 degrees.
Each week the package should be opened, inspect the cuttings and slightly moisten the paper. If for some reason the stalk begins to turn black or rot, then it must be thrown away so that the rot does not spread to other specimens. In this case, the paper should also be replaced to get rid of the mold.
After two weeks, the roots should appear.
This method is also called Burrito rooting method. This method is considered ineffective. But despite this, he is popular with gardeners.
Trannua cutting method
This is another way to grow a rose from the cutting at home. However, he enjoys little public acceptance among gardeners and rarely gives the expected result. Growing flowers using this method should be carried out at the beginning or in the middle of summer. The essence of this method is to allow the stem of a rose to get as much power from the leaves as possible before cutting it. To do this, cut the stems pinch and leave until until at the bottom of the branches the process of bud swelling begins. When the buds swell, the ripening of the wood will begin, and its readiness for growth and development will appear. In this process it is very important to prevent the appearance of leaves from the buds, otherwise this breeding will be completely inconclusive.
Planting roses cuttings in the ground
After the roots appear on the cuttings, they can be planted in pots. But it is important to ensure that the upper kidney cuttings rise above the ground level.
Around the planted roses should create a greenhouse effect. To do this, a container with a seedling should be put in a large plastic bag or covered with a plastic bottle with a bottom cut out. Capacity with seedlings should be in a room with an air temperature of about 25 degrees. In addition, rose sprouts require regular spraying with water from a spray bottle.
Directly in the open ground roses are best planted at the very end of spring, in the absence of the threat of the return of frost. Usually for this choose a well-lit place without drafts and winds. The soil should be fertilized with organic matter, and if necessary, make mineral components.
Seedlings need to cut the stems, leaving three or four buds. And do not dig large holes, there will be enough depth in the size of the roots. After planting the roses need to pour and sprinkle with sawdust to preserve moisture. Rose bushes in the first time should be protected from direct sunlight. The adaptation period of the seedlings at the new site lasts about half a month, and then they begin to grow.
Whatever method is chosen, it is important to remember that the best result is easier to obtain with a favorable temperature, which should be around +25 ° C, as well as with good illumination and timely watering.
Summarizing, we can say that at present there are not so few methods and methods of how to grow a rose from a cutting at home. Each of them has its drawbacks and advantages, some of them are less effective, but more convenient, and vice versa. Therefore, when choosing a method of growing these magnificent flowers, it is important to remember that roses are capricious plants and require good and full care.
How to grow roses by cuttings at home
This is a fairly simple method, which consists in cutting the cuttings with three buds and their subsequent rooting. But how to produce cuttings? And can they be rooted in water? Understand the question.
For grafting, it is better to use the middle or upper often strong, healthy woody shoots that are just beginning or are already finishing flowering. From it with the help of a special garden pruner you need to cut shoots from 10 to 15 centimeters long, each of which should have three buds. They need to be cut so that the lower cut (made at an angle of 45 *) is right below the kidney, and the top (straight) is above the kidney. The technology of growing roses involves the partial removal of leaves (this is necessary to reduce evaporation). The bottom sheet is removed completely, while the top sheets are shortened by 1/3.
Planting roses cuttings
A sufficient amount of light, air temperature + 23-25 * C, moderate watering and spraying. Prepared shoots can be rooted in two ways:
- · In the soil - to do this, they should be planted at an inclined bed either on a special bed (if cuttings occur in late spring or summer), or in pots with a substrate of peat, sphagnum and sand with the addition of fertile soil and in any case cover with a glass jar, creating a small greenhouse , they need to be watered as needed, and before planting the cutting into the pot, it is necessary to add well-washed coarse-grained river sand into which the cutting must be thrust (the sand will not allow the plant to rot because of excess moisture) when it starts EGI can sometimes lifts the jar
- · In water - for this you need to put them in a container with water (preferably boiled) in a moderately lit place, from time to time the water needs to be changed and topped up, and in 20-25 days the roots will appear on the cuttings and can be transplanted into pots with the ground The only disadvantage of this method is the lack of oxygen in the water, which makes it unsuitable for some types of flowers.
How to plant a rose from a bouquet
Often looking at a beautiful bouquet standing in a vase, I want to grow the same flowers. This desire is simple enough to realize: you need to take a healthy and strong stem, cut cuttings out of it and grow rose bushes. To succeed, the flowers should be prepared: the water in the vase should be changed every day, and at night the flowers should be immersed in a bucket of clean water right up to the heads. Cherenkovy need to be done when the flower starts dropping the petals.
Cuttings are cut according to the general rules, but unlike brothers from a bush, each of them should have two (or even one) buds. This will increase the amount of planting material and increase survival rate. Rooting shoots from a bouquet is better in the soil according to the general rules, but you need to stick them in the substrate strictly vertically, deepening to the bud. With proper care, they will take root in about a month and begin to give young shoots (if buds appear, they must be pinned down - the young plant should not waste its power on flowering). It should be noted that cuttings of native plants take root best.
If the plants rooted in the garden, then for the winter, first-year cuttings are better to dig and transplant for wintering into pots that need to be cleaned in a house or in a dry cellar. And in the second year, they can already winter in the soil, provided a reliable shelter is provided.
To grow a healthy plant, which is not afraid of pests and diseases, you need to properly care for them and, of course, fertilize. Подкармливать молодые растения можно уже тогда, когда новые побеги достигнут высоты 15 сантиметров. Для подкормки лучше использовать комплексное удобрение (15 граммов на 10 литров воды), настой коровяка и трав. Подкормку азотом нужно прекратить в середине лета, а вот удобрения с фосфором и калием можно вносить до осени.
Выращиваем розы в картошкеIn this way, you can grow a rose from the garden and from the gift bouquet. You just need to prepare the cuttings according to the rules. It is best to plant in pots with the ground, because it is dangerous to leave them in the garden for the winter, unless you have a heated greenhouse or greenhouse, then you can place the cuttings there.
If you grow the cuttings in potatoes in the greenhouse, then you need to prepare a shallow, 15 centimeters row in order to fit all the cuttings you prepared. For this method, it is desirable to use cuttings of the current year, cut at the beginning of flowering.
Now we prepare young potatoes of medium size, remove all the eyes with the tip of the knife and insert the lower end of the cutting into the middle. we place the potatoes in a row, at the bottom of which a layer of sand is pre-poured. The distance between the cuttings is 10-15 cm. We put the greenhouse, if the cuttings are in pots or in the garden, we cover it with glass jars.
The first watering, immediately after planting, we carry out water with the addition of potassium permanganate, light pink in color. Then, once every five days, prepare the water for irrigation, a liter of sugar per liter of water and pour it with this water.
Gradually we begin to remove banks or open a greenhouse so that the cuttings will get used to the external conditions. Under cover they can be kept no more than two weeks.
In this way, the potato creates nutrition and moisture for the roots and cuttings grow faster. Therefore, this method is increasingly used for the propagation of roses.
How to grow roses from cuttings in the fall
Autumn planting of rose cuttings is necessary in order to keep cuttings alive and fresh all winter, but not to allow rooting. So that with the arrival of spring they were ready for planting and rooting at a permanent place of cultivation.
Most often it is in the autumn that it is possible to get a stalk of some beautiful rose. It is then that this method is the most suitable. You need to choose a place in the garden where in winter the most snow is inflated. In that place we drift the prepared cuttings into the ground, completely. Top poured a layer of dry peat, you can add shelter with spruce leaves or dry leaves. So the cuttings will be intact all winter, and in the spring they can be rooted and planted.
How to care for planted cuttingsCaring for cuttings is simple, but it is important to follow all steps to get a beautiful, strong plant:
- Watering should be regular, but not excessive, in too wet soil the roots will quickly rot.
- Spraying the leaves allows you to create the moisture you need for better rooting.
- Observance of temperature is probably the most important thing, at temperatures above 30 degrees there is a chance that the planting material will simply “cook”. In addition, if the greenhouse is not constantly ventilated, then in a warm and moist environment, pathogens will immediately begin to manifest themselves.
- Top dressing is necessary at the growth stage, when the stalk grows more than 20 cm, for this a complete complex fertilizer for flowers, such as Kemira, is perfect.
How to grow a rose from cuttings? Not so difficult. The main thing - perseverance, quality care and adherence to technology.
See how to properly cutting roses, a very useful video.
Briefly about the main thing
To facilitate your understanding of how to grow a rose from a bouquet, use this brief scheme in 10 steps:
- Choose from a bouquet of stems with buds and elastic leaves,
- Cut the buds and excess greens with a sharp, disinfected knife,
- Cuttings from 10-25 cm in size cut out from the central part of the stems with 3-4 buds,
- The upper cut of the stalk is horizontal, 3 cm above the bud, the lower one is oblique, just below the kidney,
- Soak for 1-2 days the cuttings in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or in a special preparation for root growth,
- Plant them in pots with drained soil, leaving only the upper bud outside, cover with a glass jar or a transparent film,
- Water and spray seedlings 2 times a day with warm water,
- Cut the first buds and leaves so that the roots grow better,
- Place the pots on the windowsills on the south side of the apartment,
- In the warm season, take out the growing rose bushes to fresh air (balcony) or land in open ground.
So, you got acquainted with the theory of the process of how to grow roses from a bouquet at home, the video can become a clear and understandable example of how to correctly cut the cuttings on the cuttings, how deep to plant them and how to care for them. It will be especially useful for novice gardeners who want, without experience, to immediately get an excellent result. With a scrupulous attitude to the whole process, fragrant, flowering rose bushes will decorate your window sill or garden in the coming warm season.