Quite often, at home, connoisseurs of indoor and garden plants try to grow unusual plant specimens that they will be proud of and will only bring with them benefits. These plants should also include the olive tree, which grows well even in gardens outside in the southern regions of our country, where the mild climate prevails, and evergreens feel great both in summer and in winter.
Indoor olive at home
Olive tree at home is most often grown not for the berries, which are used in cooking, but because of the attractive appearance of the plant itself. Decorative appearance due to the unusual form of leaves, as well as their location on the branches and the plant itself. There are also several types of the plant itself, each of which is different. Indoor olive tree reaches a height of not more than 2 meters, and among the most popular species should be allocated to the Crimean olive, Nikitskaya, Urtinskaya, Askelano, Miession, Seviliano, Koregialo, Najvuyskaya
At home, with some varieties it is also possible to produce tasty and healthy fruits, but you only need to know from which varieties it is possible.
Surprisingly, even from the bones of the olive tree, you can grow a full-fledged plant. Of course, this is preceded by a difficult long process of preparing the seeds, and the seedlings themselves after planting will only appear after 2 months.
During the period of emergence it is very important to monitor the condition of the soil, its moisture, to prevent the soil from drying out, as well as its waterlogging. Light is also very important for indoor plants, because the olive tree is very light-loving. Bright light - this is a mandatory item in terms of the content of the olive.
In the warm season, the olive tree can be safely brought to the fresh air, but it is advisable to put it in a place where there are no drafts. The required amount of light is very important for the plant during the period of growth and formation of buds. Determine the lack of light for the plant can be on the slow growth, as well as on the invisible shoots, which grow small and narrow leaves. For the same reason, in winter, the plant is provided with additional illumination, which also helps prevent leaf fall.
But with the temperature regime it is necessary to be more attentive when keeping an olive, because in summer it is quite enough 18-22 degrees of heat, and in winter it is desirable to provide an olive tree with a temperature no higher than + 10-13 degrees, for which fans are often quite similar plants are organized in their homes full winter gardens. If the correct temperature was chosen for the cultivation of the olive tree in winter, this is the key to laying flowers for the next year. In winter, there is no need to feed the olive tree, and watering also needs to be significantly reduced.
To plant an olive tree in gardens can only those growers who live in warm regions with a Mediterranean climate. The room olive should be replanted every year the first 4 years of life. Transplantation is done in spring, while replacing the soil with a more fertile and fresh. The crown of room olive can also be formed by pruning branches.
Special care for flowering plants
The flowering olive tree and care at home for it is slightly different from caring for a plant that does not have flowers. Watering olives during the flowering period should be only after the top layer of earthen coma dries. If the summer is very hot, then you can safely spray the plant to get them extra moisture, although the olive feels fine and with excessive dryness. Mail should have good drainage so that the flowers appear on the plant itself initially.
Lack of moisture is very bad for a flowering plant. It begins to fade, and the flowers fall right before our eyes. Therefore, along with good lighting for the blossoming olive tree, it is necessary to provide the necessary moisture.
Fruits on an ottsvetshem tree grow only on last year's branches, so with pruning young shoots, you must be extremely careful after flowering, because next year they can grow the fruits of olives.
If you properly care for an olive tree, then in the third year it will give its first fruits after flowering, and even with a small plant you can collect about 2 kg of fruits a year. And what could be more delicious than the grown olives in their own home garden?
Interesting video on the topic: "Olive tree: care at home and the rules of content":
Olive tree (Latin Olea) or European olive - a plant whose fruits are rich in oils and used in food. These evergreens of the flora belong to the genus Maslinovy (Oleaceae). Widespread species of Olea europaea (olive olive), which is otherwise called the olive tree. In addition to growing plants for fruit, it is cultivated for decorative purposes. The first mention of a cultural plant features such places as Greece (Crete) and the Black Sea coast. Olives, in general, love the sunny and windy climate of Crimea, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and even India. And under more severe climatic conditions, they take root well in greenhouses or greenhouses.
Olive tree at home rarely reaches two meters in height. As a rule, these are dwarf specimens with a straight long barrel and a spherical thick crown. In the case of a houseplant, the olive can be made in the style of bonsai, while the straight and thin trunk fancifully bends, and the root system is inhibited. Sometimes already from a distance, the eye catches the silver cast of the crown, which looks amazing in the home interior, provided there is good natural light.
The white calyx of the olive flower has the shape of a glass, rather small in size. The flowers smell very faintly and not harshly, more like grass or rain dusted, figuratively speaking, like a steppe above the sea. European olive is a bisexual plant, trees are male and female. To get the fruit, it is necessary to carry out cross-pollination, therefore, in order to get a harvest, often two opposite-sex seedlings are placed in one well of the container. Contrary to popular belief that olives are green and olives are dark purple, it is worth noting that this is the same stone fruit. The only difference is ripeness. So that the tree does not give fruit, but serves as a decor, the ovaries should be removed after flowering. It hibernates, not shedding dense narrow leaves and remaining green year-round, updating them only once every 2-3 years.
For centuries, the inhabitants of the Mediterranean have cultivated various varieties of homemade olive, which are distinguished by their percentage of oil. The most oily - belong to the oilseed group. Combined - suitable for processing and canning. From table grades oil is not squeezed out, but consumed raw, canned and pickled. Today, the olive is grown not only in plant nurseries, but also cultivated at home. Popular dining varieties: Crimean 172, Revolution, Nikitskaya 1, Najvyskaya, Razzo, Askelano, Mision, Sevilyano, Urtinskaya, Otur, Koredialo.
The composition of olives includes oil rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which are very useful for the body. Vitamin F restores the cell walls, rejuvenating the skin. Medicine makes extensive use of olive leaves.
The principle of life of the olive is quite simple: the phase of growth and development, flowering, fruiting, dormancy or wintering. A new growth appears in February - April, when the light day increases and the plant begins to receive more light. Prior to this, the flower is hibernating. During the rest period, the plant accumulates strength.
If the tree has enough strength, flowers appear at the end of April. Flowering lasts several months, on average, until the beginning of July. In order to make healthy fruits, it is better not to rely on self-pollination. Slight shaking of the branches facilitates the exchange of pollen between different inflorescences. You can use cotton buds and carry the pollen by hand.
To bloom was abundant, in autumn and winter, an olive tree is provided with a dormant period (from November to February, when metabolic processes slow down), bringing it to a warmed balcony (10-12 degrees), reduce watering, and do not touch. Manipulation is carried out with plants older than five years old, which have not been transplanted for a year.
If fruiting is not planned, then in addition to the actions listed above, taking care of European olive in the home, perform artificial crown formation. Young shoots from the trunk, it is desirable to remove, so that growth would take place upwards, and not in breadth, and the tree would not look like thickets. In adult plants, dry or weak branches are pinned off. Decorative effect is achieved quickly, if you regularly carry out pruning.
Growing an olive at home gives you the opportunity, with sufficiently competent care, to get up to 2 kg of the crop. In the housing conditions fruiting once every two years. Olive is not a simple culture, it is more difficult to groom it for the first six months than any other greens. In particular, there are many difficulties if grown from seeds: the bones are capricious, germination often does not exceed 50%, and fresh shoots often lose their vitality. But do not despair, because there are easier, and at times bringing the best effect, methods of reproduction, such as cutting and grafting.
Conditions of detention
Olive tree, as a houseplant grown in a pot requires certain conditions for healthy development, it does not matter how it is planted, we consider them in order:
Since olives grow in nature on loams and sandstones, it is necessary to choose a soil of similar composition. Trees don't like acid soil, but a slightly alkaline environment suits them perfectly. As a baking powder, you should choose a coconut substrate, volcanic tuff, fine expanded clay. Before planting, the land must be loose and moderately wet.
Oliva in room conditions grows well at a temperature of 18-22 degrees. However, during the wintering period, it is considered acceptable to lower the temperature to 10-12 degrees.
It takes a lot of light, well, if it is bright sunshine from dawn to dusk, and not a desk lamp for several hours a day. Otherwise, the tree will start to wither and discard foliage. It is recommended to put the seedling on the fresh warm air - it activates growth, it is useful for the ovary of the kidneys.
It is desirable to control the soil moisture, an adult olive transfers dryness, but roots begin to rot from the bays. However, with young seedlings need to be especially careful not to dry barely sprouted shoots. A sign that the olive is receiving less water are dull, withering leaves, which, when folded, begin to fall off. During hot summer days, the crown should be sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
In order for development to proceed actively, it is recommended to apply complex mineral fertilizers from March to mid-summer, with a frequency of up to two times per month. Both root dressing and foliar feeding is possible by spraying the leaves. Special tonics support the elasticity of the leaves, stimulate their growth. The stores have ready-balanced compositions.
It is necessary to procure more stones, from live olives, and not from canned ones, because the heat treatment of the fruits destroys the biological bonds in the seed. The core is maintained under conditions close to the natural environment of the landing. This room temperature, soaking for 12-14 hours in a slightly alkaline solution (10%). For the first planting is enough to have a pot of 10 cm in diameter. Washed stones are immersed in the soil for 2 cm. The first shoots are shown after six eight weeks. Such a plant can form the ovary only to the tenth year of life. If you want to speed up the process, inoculate young plants to more adult varietal.
In stores you can buy an olive tree in a pot, it looks compact, but it has a thick trunk. Such specimens are obtained by grafting cuttings of adult olive trees to seedlings grown from pits. The cuttings are removed from fruit-bearing individuals, therefore, trees obtained in this way are quite quickly ready to produce fruits. If there is where to get the "mother", you can independently propagate the olive at home.
A few summer branches are detached from the mother plant with an oblique cut. The ends sprayed with a growth stimulator, dipped the stalk into the hole 10-12 cm deep into the ground, the pot needs a depth of 20 cm. It is desirable to create a greenhouse effect, for this you should cover the seedling with a transparent jar. Heat vary from 25 to 30 degrees, without differences. Oliva takes root in the fourth to fifth week, which will signal the appearance of young leaves. A root system will be finally formed in 3-4 months, after which a transplant will take place inside a larger container to a permanent place.
The first four years the tree is transplanted annually. To figure out which month to replant the room olive, you need to take into account the flowering period (end of April - beginning of July); the period from February to mid-April is selected for moving to a new pot. Before flowering, the olive tree is experiencing a lack of nutrients, so the new soil will help to increase the number of flowers and the yield of the tree.
This is an evergreen plant, practically has no diseases, resistant to pests, and leaf fall is not the norm. If this does occur, it is necessary to pay close attention to watering and it is possible to introduce spraying of the crown. You can also try to make a complex mineral fertilizer to restore the strength of the plant.
Many tourists bring olive trees as souvenirs from Greece. Crete is a leader in the cultivation of olive trees, supplying most of the olive oil to the world market. The average life expectancy of Cretans is 80 years, they explain their longevity by regular consumption of olives and their processed products. Therefore, grow them at home, enjoy healthy fruits and year-round watch the beauty of the olive tree!
Decorative olive tree
Usually, the olive is grown not for the sake of the fruit, but because of its dekortivnogo, very attractive appearance. Today, there are many varieties of this remarkable culture that have distinctive features. For cultivation at home are suitable varieties, reaching no more than 2 meters in height, which are suitable for cultivation in the container.
The olive tree at home is a miniature, evergreen plant with a spherical and compact crown. Young plants have bark of light gray color, more adult - dark. Leaves dense, narrow, lanceolate, dark green color. They hold on to the branches for a long time, they do not fall even in winter. Every 2 years they are updated.
The flowers are white, small, bisexual, with a goblet cup. Fruits are elongated-oval single-seed pitted, about three centimeters long, which have a pointed or blunt end and a fleshy pericarp. The color of the fruit can be green or dark purple, depending on the variety. Its average weight is 15 g.
Olive tree at home
Many are concerned about the question of whether this plant will take root in our apartments? Under natural conditions, the olive tree grows in semi-deserts, on rocky mountain slopes, and on saline and poor soils. Sometimes where no other plant can survive.
The olive tree appears silvery from afar, because its dark green narrow leaves on the underside are covered with a bluish tinge. It is sometimes even mistaken for some kind of willow.
It affects the drought resistance of the olive. In this, the date palm can be compared with it. Both of these trees love when their crown is warm and their roots cool. In search of moisture, they direct their roots very deeply, reaching groundwater, sometimes at a depth of 5-7 meters.
Olive tree: care
At home, this unpretentious plant does not require complex care. It requires a well-lit "place of residence", abundant watering during the period of active growth (March — August). In the autumn, watering the olive trees is reduced, and in winter, when the plant stops, the soil in the pots is moisturized no more than twice a week.
The olive tree is homemade, care of which is not difficult even for a beginner grower, propagated by seeds, grafts and cuttings. To grow a tree exclusively for ornamental purposes, the plant is propagated by seed.
This method is quite long, but it allows you to see the whole development cycle of the tree and guarantees its high survival rate. Перед посадкой их вымачивают в течение 12 часов в растворе каустической соды. Затем ополаскивают их водой и высаживают в горшок диаметром не более девяти сантиметров на глубину два сантиметра. Почва должна быть влажной и питательной. Кроме того, следует обратить внимание на то, чтобы земля была рыхлой, легкой. Такая смесь состоит из листовой и дерновой земли, песка, торфа в равных объемах.Large, oblong seeds of olives are planted in small (5 cm in diameter) pots no deeper than 1 centimeter.
You will see the first sprouts after 2 months. At this time, you should closely monitor the soil moisture. It is recommended to water the crop as the coma of the earth dries out and try to prevent it from over-wetting or drying out. Seed germination, as a rule, is 40-50%. Often the seeds do not sprout or give unviable, weak sprouts, which die after a short time. If we grow an olive tree from seeds, then the first fruits should be expected no sooner than ten years from now. If you want to speed up the time of fruiting or flowering, grown seedlings need to be planted on varietal plants.
Surprisingly, an olive tree at home can be grown even from a stone. True, to get a good result, you must conduct a long process of preparation.
Flowering olive: care
During the flowering period, the plant needs more thorough care. At this time it is very important to monitor the condition of the soil. Watering is carried out as needed (when drying the top layer of the earth). If moisture is not enough, the leaves of the plant grow dull, curl, and then fall off. It may even lead to the death of the tree.
Slightly yellowish or completely white flowers with a delicate and exquisite scent bloom in mid-June. At home, the tree is decorated with delicate flowers for several months. The plant is pollinated by wind and insects, but for home-made olive, daily shaking of the branches is necessary. When self-pollinating, fruits can be tied up in different sizes, and cross-pollination significantly improves their quality and yield.
Despite the fact that the olive tolerates dry air well, we recommend spraying its crown in strong heat. Up to the age of four, the plant needs annual transplantation. This is usually done at the beginning of spring, and it is not necessary to change the entire contents of the pot; it is enough to replace only the top layer of soil with a more fertile and fresh one.
Regular pruning will help you give the crown an olive spherical neat shape. Carrying out this procedure, remove dry and weak branches, shorten long shoots, create the desired shape. If you decide to grow an olive tree to get fruits, remember that the bulk of the crop appears at last year’s growth. Therefore, pruning should be done very carefully, so that next year you can enjoy the harvest.
Despite the somewhat time-consuming cultivation process, the olive tree is unpretentious, not prone to disease. With regular and proper care, two years after planting you will be able to admire the blossoming olive tree and get a good harvest (up to 2 kg of fruits per year).
During the active growth and development of the olive (February-October), regular (once every fifteen days) fertilizing should be carried out with solutions and infusions of organic and mineral fertilizers. For better setting and development of fruits in the summer, the introduction of double superphosphate is useful. To do this, use an aqueous solution of the substance at the rate of five grams per liter of water. In addition, it can be a mullein - a two-week infusion diluted 15–20 times before use.
From November to February in the olive tree, which is contained in the room, all metabolic processes slow down sharply, and it goes into a state of rest. In winter, fertilizing is not carried out.
If you set out to grow a homemade olive tree, you should remember that insufficient light, excessive watering and very high air temperatures in winter will not allow you to “tame” such a tree in your home. If you cope with these obstacles, then you need to be patient, because in comparison with most of the plants, which are known to experienced growers, olive grows very slowly, and it does not bloom too quickly. But lovers of indoor plants are attracted by the fact that you can grow it all your life - this small tree lives, according to scientists, for at least three thousand years.
Is a tree can fit in a pot on the windowsill
Olive trees first appeared in the Mediterranean. Now they are grown (in the gardens) in India and the Crimea, in Greece and Turkmenistan, in Georgia and Mexico.
By the way, in any country it is a cultivated tree grown by people. There are no wild olives anywhere - this culture “made friends” with a man for so long that there was no trace of its “separate,” that is, wild existence.
In our latitudes, many have tried to “engrave” the olive in the garden (with heat-loving peaches in fact it turns out?), But so far no one has succeeded. But to plant such a tree in the house, and even collect the fruits - this is no longer a new thing.
This culture blooms once every 2 years. The beginning of flowering - from late April to June.
Flowers resemble a brush of forty small flowers, which eventually transform into small “knuckles” of a rich purple, black or green hue. They mature for a relatively long time - up to 5 months.
Giving fruit tree (garden) can up to 20 years. When this period ends, it is worth replacing it with a younger one.
How to get potted olive
It can be planted, rooting cuttings. You can buy or receive as a gift (although this option is already several times more expensive - a good two-year-old tree with viable roots can cost up to 20 thousand, or even more).
About how the olive tree propagates with the help of a cheap (or even free) cutting, they will tell and show in the video:
Also, the olive can be grown from the stone. But not from a canned fruit (all living things were “nailed up” long ago), but from a purchased stone, as a last resort - from fresh or dried olive.
True, there is a lot of hassle here, and such a tree will begin to bear fruit only for the 12th year of life, while the “cherenkovoe” - after 3 years.
Are there many species and varieties of olive tree
Olive trees belong to the Olives family, so their “cousins” can be called privet, ash, lilac, jasmine.
Types of olive tree about thirty.
The most popular on our continent is the olive, gold, and European.
All trees can be divided into three groups:
- Olive olives. They are cultivated for the sake of oil production, so it is not worth growing one of these varieties at home - not so much their fruit and good for snacks. What are these varieties called? Say, Biancolilla, Kayone, Tadzhaska, Frantonyo.
- Universal (combined). Such olives can be preserved and put pressure on the oil.
- Dining varieties. The most delicious, they are best prepared in jars. They are most recommended for indoor gardening. Popular with farmers varieties: Sabina, Lucca, Zinsal, Cheryinola. With regard to cultivation at home, people are very praised varieties Razzo, Della Madonna, as well as more "Nashenskie" Crimean, Nikitinsky, Urta.
Remember: a tree growing on the windowsill will not fill you with fruits. 15 pieces (600 g) - that's how much olives can be harvested from such a plant. But how beautiful it will look!
How to grow indoor olive tree
- Lighting. It needs as much as possible. A small tree can be kept on the window sill (even the southern one), and if an adult is placed in a corner, then only in the most illuminated. Loggia, balcony - a great place for indoor fruit trees.
- Temperature. In spring and summer (up to September inclusive) you can keep an olive in any room, and in autumn and winter - in a cool one (where it is kept no higher than 12 degrees Celsius).
- Watering. Maximum. As soon as the top of the soil in the pot dries, spill it well (so that the moisture reaches the bottom of the pot). On average, this is done from 2 to 3 times a week.
- Spraying. They should be carried out in the summer (in the heat), as well as in the winter (if your olive overwinters not in a cold room, but in a living room, and the battery works nearby).
- Nutrition. In the spring, an olive should be fed twice a month with drugs (or organic, because you have a fruit tree) with nitrogen. In the summer, the tree is given a complex mineral fertilizer. Also, some people praise spraying olives with succinic acid. This drug can even people drink (vitamin), so that the fruit tree, he just does not harm. The only thing - succinic acid does not replace the rest of the power, it can only serve as a mere addition to it.
- Crop. We only grow this plant for the sake of fruit, and first of all - for the sake of beauty. Therefore, in the spring you can take a secateur in your hands and safely form a perfect ball from the crown. When choosing between two branches, always give preference to a stronger one.
It is needed, because the roots of olives eventually rest against the walls of the pot and outgrow it. The tree pass over every 2 years.
- Pot. Best of all - from clay, a couple of centimeters more than the previous one.
- Priming. It can be any, the main thing is that it is not sour. Often, “indoor growers” take a universal substrate containing compost (humus), sand, turf and foliage, and peat. The presence of lime is also the norm. Before planting trees in the ground make mineral fertilizers.
- Do not forget about the drainage to the bottom of the pot (broken bricks, expanded clay).
A separate story - the transfer of sick olives. Most often these trees suffer from rotting roots (it starts from frequent overflows). The disease is easily recognizable by wilting and falling leaves. The tree must be urgently dug out, cut off the diseased roots, and cut the sections with activated charcoal.
The olive is transferred to fresh ground. The final touch - you need to remove some of the twigs, because the sick tree will not have the strength to feed them.
How to grow an olive tree
European Oliva grows as a tree or large shrub, the maximum can reach 15 m in height. It has a strongly branched, but transparent crown. It grows slowly, long-lived - you can often find hundreds of summer specimens. The trunk, not simple, gnarled, covered with gray bark, in the middle is empty. The bark of young trees is greenish and smooth. The leaves are olive leathery, located opposite, 3-8 cm long, dark green above, silvery below. The small flowers are rather inconspicuous, slightly fragrant, cream-yellow in color. Appear in the spring on last year's shoots. For pollination need pollen of another tree. Fruits are drupes, called olives, in Europe begin to gather when the fruits have not reached full maturity. Fruits can be green, white, reddish, purple or black. Thanks to their use, the fruits are divided into larger and fleshy - table olives, smaller and harder, intended for the production of olive oil.
Oliva European loves the sun. Should grow in the most sunny place. In the summer it is better to take the pot outside, gradually accustomed to direct sunlight. First set to 10 days in partial shade, moving in the following days to a brighter place. If you do not do this, there is a big risk of leaf burns (brown spots appear on the leaves).
The ground for the olive should be, in the first place, permeable, in the case of large specimens, clayey. The best are sandy soils. The substrate should be enriched with materials that improve permeability (gravel, expanded clay, perlite), pour a layer of drainage to the bottom of the pot.
Oliva does not have great requirements in watering. The ground should not be too wet. Overflow should be avoided, it can lead to root rot. True, olives tolerate short-term drought, but the land should not completely dry. In the natural environment, plants have to wait a long time for precipitation, so they are adapted to extract water from the earth with extremely wide branching roots. At home, there is no such possibility, so it’s best to keep the ground always slightly damp
Tree fertilize regularly from March to September universal multi-component fertilizer.
Diseases and pests
Scale insects may appear when the plant is at too high a temperature. Spring attack aphid and powdery mildew, on young leaves. Overdrying of the substrate causes the fruit and petals to fall off, and the plant quickly recovers after watering. In winter, if the place is too warm and dark, the olive drops leaves.
Meet the southerner
Even primitive people knew about the unique characteristics of olives. Homeland culture Olea europaea considered southeastern regions of the Mediterranean. Today, these evergreen trees with razragoy rounded crown are found in Mexico, Peru, Italy, Greece, Spain, Iran, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, Georgia, Crimea, and in the northern part of India. Due to the fact that the subtropical tree is not adapted to the harsh cold of the temperate climate zone, no one has yet managed to grow it on the street in our country. But in room conditions, many harvested good harvests. As it turned out, olive tree in a pot develops no worse than in the garden.
On the globe there is no corner where you could find wild thickets of olives. Since ancient times, the plant has been introduced into culture and is still being widely cultivated for the production of oil. Botanists attribute olives to the Olives genus and describe them as evergreen trees or shrubs, from 1 to 12 m in height with a bluish thick and hollow trunk, gray bark, long and nodular branches, leathery leaves of narrow lanceolate shape, fragrant creamy or milky inflorescences oval fruit with a bone.
A characteristic feature of olive trees is the gray-green color of the back side of the foliage, and inside it is silvery. And the leaves on the branches gradually renewed for 2-3 years. In the subtropics, olives bloom from the second decade of April to the beginning of summer. In each paniculate brush up to 40 buds open. They eventually grow solid green, black or dark purple knuckles with an pointed spout and fleshy flesh. They ripen in 5 months.
In their natural environment, olives enter fruiting stage once in 2 yearstherefore, when growing indoors, you should not worry if it does not bloom once. Experts say that mature trees have been productive for over 20 years. After this period, they need to be changed to young seedlings.
Where to buy and how much it costs
Thanks to technological progress today it is very easy, even without leaving your home, to get the most exotic and unique plant from any corner of the planet. But in the case of olive bushes, just look at any garden center or online store. Of course, the first option is much better, because by making a purchase, you can immediately visually assess the condition and potential of the plant. And in the second case, you can get the cat in the bag.
Regardless of your preferences to the place of purchase, choose those organizations that value their reputation and enjoy prestige among buyers. Therefore, having caught fire with the idea to get an olive tree, first of all study the market. Gardeners who have already dealt with this southern culture are advised to buy specimens that are over 2 years old. Be prepared that their price is much more expensive than annual seedlings. But it is justified by the sprawling crown and powerful root system. Such a tree is easier to transfer habitat change.
Depending on the variety and age, in Ukraine European olives can be bought for 440–14000 hryvnia. Large plants at the peak of the growing season and fruiting cost about 22,000 hryvnia. In Russia, a small and medium southerner can be purchased for 5700–20000 rubles. But let these numbers do not frighten you - the costs will quickly pay off with invaluable benefits for your body.
Care and conditions for growing in the house
When the plant has already appeared in your home, it's time to take care of its placement. Let us figure out how to appease the subtropical southerner, what conditions she prefers, and what she needs for full development.
Location and lighting
There is no need to think - the plant loves a lot of sun and heat. Therefore, it is most appropriate to put it in the lightest zone of your home. Small seedlings will comfortably grow on the southern window-sills, but for large-sized plants they will have to find the corner most lit by the sun's rays. Moreover, it is desirable that they illuminate the plant from morning to evening. As an option you can consider balconies and loggias. If we are talking about private homes, a pot of olive can be taken out on the terrace or in the garden.
When analyzing the climatic conditions of the growing range of European olives, it becomes obvious the need for its regular irrigation. Experts advise to do this in the evening or in the morning so that ultraviolet rays do not burn the foliage. In summer, the procedure can be repeated daily. It can also be alternated with watering the soil in a pot or at the same time. In the rest of the seasons to humidify the air is not necessary.
During the peak of the development of the plant will need two dressings for a month. In spring, when biomass is actively developing, it is recommended to introduce nitrogen-containing substances. These components contribute to early budding. A week later, you can already make complex mineral fertilizers. Some growers are advised to feed the olive tree throughout the spring and summer period.
The plant tolerates pruning, so many owners tend to turn their exotic into a beautiful green ball. In this case, it is necessary to work with a secateur in the spring, when the culture wakes up after winter hibernation. Во время формирования кроны обратите внимания на конкурирующие между собой ветки и по возможности удалите ту, что слабее. Для хорошего урожая важно, чтобы все ростки получали свет в равной степени.
The height of indoor plants is limited to 80 cm, in the process of shearing trying to remove old unproductive branches, since the maximum number of fruits appears on the growth of the past year.
Do I need a transplant
If you think about how much an olive tree lives and bears fruit, the question arises about the appropriateness of its transplant. Indeed, as the root system develops, the store container becomes cramped. Therefore, when you notice that the size of the plant and the pot do not match, you will need a new pot. Experienced gardeners advise replanting olives every 2 years. Otherwise, their roots will be cramped, which is displayed on the growing season of the culture.
The process of transplantation is best carried out by perevalivaniya earthy coma. The flower pot should be large a few centimeters in diameter and always made of clay. This material allows the roots to breathe.
Soil for the olive tree is suitable for any. The main thing that he was not sour. Improves productivity liming. Most often advised traditional soil mix for many indoor and garden plants:
All ingredients are mixed in equal parts and add a little mineral fertilizer. At the bottom of the flower container must put clay or chipped broken brick. Alternatively, you can use the universal purchase soil for flowers. Also, transplants are needed for the used olives as a reanimation agent. This applies to supersaturated specimens, which began to rot roots. Understanding the problem is not difficult in the external state of the plant - it sheds leaves and looks lifeless. In this case, in addition to the elimination of damaged root processes, their disinfection and transplantation will need to cut the tops of the stems.