Zinnias (Zinnias) or Majors are the flowers of the Aztec Mexicans. They were discovered in the middle of the 13th century by Gottfried Zinn in the ancient gardens of Montezuma, after which they were named. The gardens themselves have long been destroyed, but tsini reminiscent of their former glory. Many will be surprised at how simple the answer to the question is: cynia is growing from seed when planted.
To date, there are about 20 species, varieties and hybrids of varieties of this handsome Mexican. As soon as the flowers hit Europe, their active selection began. Botanists managed to bring a lot of new varieties with different shades. And the French botanist was lucky to get a terry zinnia variety.
The color range of these colors includes shades of yellow, lilac, red, pink, white and even green. But botanists and florists have not managed to achieve blue and blue flowering so far.
Zinnia flowers - description
Unpretentious in the care of zinnia - this is mainly annual plants, reaching a height of 20 cm to a meter or more. The leaf of the plant is solid, pubescent with stiff fibers, oval in shape with a sharp tip.
Depending on the number of rows of tubular and reed petals, there are simple (flat), semi-double and terry peduncles with a diameter of 5 to 17 cm, which are located one by one on the top of the stem.
Interesting! Terry inflorescences majors deceptive. During the dry period, the tubular petals may fall off and the flowers become flat.
After flowering, a crested seed box is formed. Flowering lasts from the beginning of summer to the cold. Each bush can keep color up to 35 days. In cutting costs a long time, from 1 to 1.5 weeks. It tolerates arid, hot weather.
Perennial majors can be grown only in regions with a warm climate. It is quite sensitive to frost.
Zinnia growing from seed when planted
Growing a flower is very interesting. Large seeds greatly facilitate the process. The process from sowing to flowering takes 2–2.5 months, and the first shoots appear within a week. To successfully grow these flowers it is worth remembering about some factors:
- The correct choice of landing sites. Majors should be planted in areas exposed to the sun. The flower does not tolerate frosts, but is experiencing drought well.
- Planted zinnias, adhering to certain intervals: for low varieties - this is 15–20 cm, for high ones - 20–40 cm.
- Priming. Prefers loose fertile soil with neutral PH. By virtue of its unpretentiousness can grow in poor soils, however, it will not be high, and the inflorescences will be smaller.
- Irrigation. Watering should be so that the water does not fall on the inflorescences and not very often. With excessive watering the plant can get a black leg.
- Top dressing. Good are mineral fertilizers that should be made a few months before planting.
- Reproduction. Occurs seeds. For these purposes, it is recommended to leave the earliest and largest flower stalks. Seeds can be sown immediately in the ground or resorting to the seedling method.
Interesting fact! Zinnia, the highest on earth, was grown in the city of Riguelwood (North Carolina). Its height was almost 4 meters. These figures were officially listed in the Guinness Book of Records.
Sowing tsiniya seeds
Majors can be planted when stable warm weather is established and the soil warms up well. Minimal frost can ruin the seeds. This method of planting is suitable for a warm climate, where there is no frost already in April. For colder regions, this flower is better to grow seedlings.
In the case of planting seeds immediately in the ground the flowers will grow more slowly and bloom later. But this process can be accelerated if you soak the seeds before planting in a growth stimulator or pre-germinate them by placing them for some time in a moist, warm environment. After landing, the beds should be covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
Interesting! When soaking seeds in a solution of humate or epin, seed germination and seedling development is stimulated. Also, this treatment increases the resistance of plants to inhibitory factors and resistance to diseases.
Planting tsiniya seedlings
Planting seedlings begins in mid-April. If the seeds are planted earlier, the seedlings will quickly stretch, making it difficult to transplant to a permanent place, the stems will be very fragile. The plant does not like picking, so you should take care to ensure that the seedlings do not grow too thick. They usually appear after 5–8 days.
After the appearance on the shoots of three pairs of leaves, the flower is pinched. This is done for more intense flowering in the future.
Young shoots quickly form the root system. If the stems are very long, you need to add to the capacity of the earth. At the same time, accessory roots will grow on the recessed part of the stem. Before planting on the flower bed, it is recommended to temper the plant. To do this, the seedlings are periodically taken out into the street.
When planting cynia in open ground
When and how to plant majors in open ground depends on the breeding method: seed or seedling. If you follow certain rules and choose the optimal time for disembarkation, then the majors will delight you with color in July.
When planted tsini seedlings in the ground:
- transplanting seedlings to a permanent place can begin in May, and preferably in early June,
- sowing seeds for seedlings can begin in late March - early April,
- in open ground, major seeds are sown in the middle - end of May.
How to plant tsinii
There is no definite landing pattern for the majors. Depending on the size of the plant between the shoots should be left 30-40 cm.
The flower prefers well-lit areas without drafts. The soil should be well drained and nutritious. Before planting the site should be cleaned of weeds and dig, adding fertilizer. With this method, zinnia bloom in July.
To get unique colors, you need to plant zinnias of different colors for the first time, select seeds that you especially like and plant them next year. The procedure is repeated 4–5 times and newly bred varieties of majors adorn the garden.
Tip! To ensure continuous flowering, you can first plant seedlings, and after the seeds.
During transplantation, the young shoots of the majors are carefully removed from the seedling container along with a clod of earth and placed in the prepared well. After sprinkled with soil and slightly compacted. Novea flower bed need to pour abundantly. For some time the plants will get used to the new conditions, and then will actively grow.
Zinnia outdoor care
The flower is completely unpretentious in the care. If favorable conditions are initially created: the place is sunny and windless, the ground is fertilized and loosened, then the plant will need to be watered and weeded from time to time.
When growing majors should monitor rotting and decayed inflorescences. If such have appeared, then it is necessary to get rid of them. To protect the pet from diseases and pests, it is necessary to periodically conduct preventive treatment with fungicides.
For more lush flowering, you need to remove wilted inflorescences and in their place several new ones form. Several such peduncles can be left on the seeds. Zinnia has a fairly powerful stem, so there is no need to support or tie them up.
Top dressing tsiniya
Feed tsinii need if they grow on poor soils. From germination of seedlings to transplanting, fertilizing is applied three times. It should be mineral fertilizers with a low nitrogen content.
Proper feeding in the ground includes 3 stages:
- Before budding. During this period, use organic fertilizer (humus, mullein or bird droppings).
- While setting the buds, complex fertilizers should be used for flowering plants.
- During the flowering period should be treated with a solution of natural stimulant (for example, fertilizer "Bud"). This contributes to the formation of more inflorescences.
After the plant is acclimatized at the new place, it is possible to make a nip. Between the last pair of leaves, you need to find a growth point and press it with your nails (or pinch off).
After this procedure, the flower wakes up lateral shoots that appear from the leaf axils on the stem. They grow and develop fairly quickly, but flowering occurs a little later.
Pinching can be done on the seedling material, when 5 pairs of leaves are formed on a young plant. It is also necessary to remove the top, if the shoot is strongly extended, otherwise it will weaken.
After the procedure, you need to provide additional lighting to the plant or put it in a sunny place. After such manipulations, a compact bush with a lot of twigs and peduncles is obtained.
Attention! If you tighten with pinching, the plants will bloom much later. If tsinii grow up on a cut, then it is not recommended to pinch them. In this case, the colors will be less, but they will be high.
Pinching is not done on dwarf and undersized varieties. They branch very well already.
A pick or a dive, that is, transplanting a seedling with a nip of the main root at 1/3. This contributes to the formation of adventitious roots and the development of the root system. Pick up zinnia produced two to three weeks after germination. Sprout carefully removed from the ground and cut off part of the main root. After that, the plant is sunk to the cotyledons and fertilized with complex fertilizers.
Tip! Zinnia very poorly tolerate a pick. After such a procedure can be sick for a long time and die. If the seeds for seedlings are planted in separate containers or at a great distance from each other, then a dive can be avoided. And to develop the root system will help powder the stem with earth. Adventitious roots will begin to grow in this place.
Zinnia pests and diseases. Protection measures
Malicious insects can harm the majors in different places: perforate the leaves, chew on the roots, spoil the flower stalks. Some are active at night, others - in daylight.
Earwig or pincer. This is a gnawing insect with a flattened flexible body, on the back of the abdomen there are two chitinous processes in the form of forceps. On a small head, the chewing mouth apparatus consists of the upper and lower jaw teeth and is directed forward. Prefer to be nocturnal. Adult insects and their larvae harm flowers.
For the prevention of their reproduction should dig up the ground and remove the remnants of plants. Also carry out spraying tinctures of wormwood and garlic with the addition of soap. If there are many such pests, then it is worth spraying the plants with insecticides.
Miners or mining flies. When laying eggs, they pierce the leaf plate with egg-laying. After a few days, the larvae hatch and begin to actively nibble the leaves from the inside, forming white moves (mines). Having finished one leaf, they move to another on the stalk. Before pupation, they gnaw through the leaf and go outside.
When detected, damaged leaves are torn off and destroyed. To combat, you can use the oil of sound or means containing paraffin or feverfew.
Important! Minerals quickly adapt to all pesticides. Therefore, the treatment should be carried out by means of a different active ingredient.
Spraying is carried out several times with an interval of 3-5 days. To destroy the pupae in the ground, it is necessary to carry out watering with a solution of insecticides.
Caterpillars scoop. They have a greenish-brown body 25–35 mm in length. They are nocturnal and feed on young leaves. Each individual in one night can eat up to 20 leaves. The pupae devour the roots and winter in the soil.
Part of the pupae is destroyed during the spring and autumn digging of the soil. As a preventive measure, weeding from weeds, especially flowering ones, is carried out. For the destruction of pests using garlic tincture with the addition of saltpeter and burdock with soap. Spraying is done twice a week. You can also resort to using special chemicals.
Aphid. She sucks the juice of the young shoots, the infected parts of which are covered with bloom. In hot weather, plants are watered with a stream of water, washing away insects. Also use garlic tincture mixed with soap and oil solution for spraying flowers. In the event of an aphid invasion, they are saved by insecticidal agents based on pyrethrins or systemic drugs.
Mostly majors are prone to viral and fungal diseases.
Gray rot. Fungal, rapidly spreading disease. It affects plants with an excess of moisture. On the leaves and shoots appears brown patina - mold. In the advanced stage, the whole plant can be covered with mold with flowers.
If danger is found, remove all damaged leaves, and if necessary, the whole flower. To destroy the disease, copper-soap solutions, special preparations from gray rot and fungicidal agents are used.
Mealy dew. This fungal disease threatens majors in cool and cloudy weather with frequent watering and with soil oversaturation with nitrogen. On the leaves and flowers formed a white or grayish bloom, similar to ordinary dust. These clusters of parasites suck sap from plant cells.
Attention! All insecticides, especially those containing pyrethrin, are dangerous, so you should be careful when working with them and wear special protective clothing.
Affected leaves need to be torn off, change the top layer of the soil, make treatment with special preparations of the whole plant and soil. Well helps solution of soda ash and soap, decoction of horsetail and copper-soap solution.
Alternaria or black spot. Humpy brown spots with dark patches of fungal spores are formed on the damaged tissues. Sick plants are destroyed. The rest are sprayed with preparations containing zinc and Bordeaux mixture (copper sulfate and lime).
Zinnia after flowering. How and when to collect seeds
After the majors have bloomed and the stems began to dry, they are removed, freeing the beds for wintering.
Seeds are collected very simply - they will never crumble. Dried testis are husked by hand. Seeds are large and oblong, flat and triangular. It is necessary to select the largest and healthiest in appearance. Store seeds in cloth or paper bags in a dry place at room temperature.
Tip! For quality seeds need to leave the buds from the first flowered flowers. They are always subjected to pollination by insects, and also have time to ripen and dry in natural conditions. However, if it rains, then the heads that are not dry need to be cut off and dried at home. Otherwise, the seeds will begin to rot and mold.
In copies left on seeds, it is better to remove all side shoots so that the flower does not waste its power on the greens. When the testes change color to brown - this is a signal to collect planting material.
Perennial Zinnia in Winter
Majors are annuals. They are not intended for wintering in the ground. But if the flowers are grown in the courtyard in the flowerpots, then it can please with color more than one year. It is necessary in the fall to bring the plant into the heat and care as for the room. But you should be prepared for the fact that after wintering the plant majors can lose their decorative qualities.
Growing zinnia in Siberia
Growing majors in Siberia is possible. Most suitable breeding method of reproduction. A distinctive feature of breeding is a later planting in the ground and an early end of flowering. That is, the life of the plant is shorter and is about three months, the plant blooms around one of them. Seed collection is distinguished by the fact that wilted buds are cut off almost immediately and dried in a dry place.
Types and varieties of ziniya. A photo
Today, there are many varieties of zinnia, which differ in height, flowering time and form of peduncles.
In height, they are divided into tall (up to 1 meter), medium tall (35–50 cm), dwarf or midget (up to 30 cm). Peduncles can be simple and terry. The most popular in Russia are such species and varieties.
Leaf-leaved or linearis. Small, compact plants 30–40 cm. The long, pointed leaves have a broad base. Simple and semi-double flower stalks with a diameter of 4–5 cm may have a single bright orange color. Reed petals at the base can be rich orange, and bright red at the tips. Tubular petals may have a black-brown shade. The flowering period begins in late June and lasts until frost. Grades:
- solar circle (Glorienschein) - blooms with double-headed flower stalks of orange shades of 3-4 cm caliber,
- caramel (Caramel) - flowers of caramel-yellow color translucent, the middle is black,
- Golden Eye (Golden Eye) - white flower stalks with golden center,
- Persian Carpet (Persian Carpet) - petals of golden amber and brick color with eye-catching darker tips.
Graceful Zinnia. Includes variegated varieties from 30 cm to one meter. The leaves are dark green, egg-shaped. Baskets inflorescences in diameter of 4-16 cm, different colors: white, yellow, cream, red, lilac and purple.
There are several groups of zynia elegant: georgonidnye, chrysanthemum, scabiosum, gayardiovidnye, pomponnymi (midgets), cactus, fantasy.
Георгиновидные или георгиноцветные растут до 1 метра, соцветия махровые. Grades:
- малиновый монарх — насыщенно-красный,
- виолет — фиолетовый сорт,
- лавандовая королева — сиреневый,
- полярный медведь — белый с зеленым оттенком,
- пурпурный принц — красный,
- танго — красно-оранжевый,
- envy is green.
Pompon (Liliputians). Grows up to a maximum of 40 cm. Densely branched compact bushes are covered with small terry peduncles, similar to pompons. Grades:
- Tom-Tamba - bright red,
- the red cap is scarlet
- hybrid inch
Fantasy. Rounded bushes 55–60 cm tall. Inflorescences loose, curly. Reed petals, twisted into a tube, and arranged randomly. Grades:
- fantasy - colorful,
- the gift is rich red.
In other countries they grow:
- California giant zinnia up to a meter in height with large terry inflorescences up to 16 cm in diameter,
- Cactus giant up to 90 cm. Terry inflorescences up to 12 cm,
- cabiosa flowers (anemonic flowers) with small inflorescences up to 8 cm.
Fact! Breeders and gardeners annually produce new unusual varieties of cynium.
When breeding narrow-leaved and graceful, Zinnia bred many hybrid varieties of such series as Prof., Magellan, Swizzle.
Agronomy zinnia, cultivation features, care tips
The long absence of watering, the scorching sun does not frighten the plant, but they make it even more beautiful. Volumetric caps on long stems continue to decorate the beds with their appearance. Zinnias look especially bright against the background of tall flowers with abundant green mass, or, on the contrary, place accents among short-growing ones.
There is no particular preference for soil selection, but it grows better on neutral and slightly acid soils. Ground for zinnia is never prepared in a special way: sow where there is room. These can be flowerbeds with poor land or rich in organic matter, in any case the flower is actively gaining green mass and blooms profusely, the main thing is that it has enough moisture.
Gentle stems and leaves do not tolerate cold, so low temperatures are detrimental to both seedlings and adult bushes. Before planting in a flower bed, it is necessary to follow the monthly change in weather: a jump to 0 degrees can damage the plant. In regions with a sharply continental climate, landing time is considered to be the first half of June, when the risks of frost have passed. In the same place, where the climate is temperate, zinnia is sown at the end of March, in order to see luxurious flowering as soon as possible.
Seedlings zinnia planting and care photos when sowing
In mid-February - early March the seeds are soaked in a growth activator or sodium humate, small seedling containers are used for sowing, sprinkling earth on top, ensuring a germination temperature of 25 degrees above zero.
- Prepare a loose nutrient soil mixture, perfect ready-made soil for flowering.
- It is better to sow at once in separate cups, but if there is little space on the windowsill, it is possible to have a common container, keeping the distance between the seeds at least 3 cm, so that the seedlings are strong and not stretched. However, remember: Zinnia is very difficult to tolerate the transplant, staying in growth for two weeks. Therefore, transplanting by transfer is preferable.
- Sowing depth 0.5-1 cm.
- Special care plant does not require. It is enough to water regularly without fanaticism and to provide good coverage.
- Drainage is obligatory, if water stagnates, the seedlings will become ill with a black leg.
- Before planting plants in the ground need to harden: accustom them a little to the natural sunlight and wind, leaving the street for a couple of hours, gradually increasing the time with each new day.
- When frost is bypassed, the seedlings can be planted safely.
Interesting! Seedlings can speed up the process of budding, the first flowers will be at the end of June and throughout the summer.
Sowing seeds immediately in the ground
Zinnia from seed cultivation How do zinnia shoots look photo
Zinnia is sown in the ground as soon as the weather permits: the seeds are not afraid of low temperatures and completely tolerate the sowing before winter. therefore spring zinnia sown from late March to late Maywhen there is time and desire.
Good germination and fast growth allowed to grow zinnia without seedlings. Seeds are sown immediately in the ground, watered abundantly. If the plants have grown thickly, they are thinned out, transplanted rarely: zinnia has a very weak root system, transplanting slows down the development of plants for a long time, and if the weather is hot, many plants die.
- The distance in the row between the plants is 30-35 cm, as the bushes grow very powerful.
- The distance between the rows is 30-40 cm.
- Depth of seal is 1-2 cm.
- Watering the bed every other day, making sure that there is no earth crust. To prevent this, experienced growers mulch the surface with humus.
- Seeds germinate for a long time, up to two weeks, so do not panic: seedlings will appear, you will immediately notice them, these are powerful sprouts with thick legs and leaves.
- Shoots should be thinned without regret, free the bed from the weeds, water regularly.
Sowing zinnia seeds in the ground look at the video:
Further to care for shoots is not difficult. It will be quite enough for seedlings to fertilize a couple of times. Also, before the transplantation of zynia sprouts to the garden bed, they should be hardened, from time to time bringing them to fresh air, gradually increasing the intervals of being in fresh air. Grown sprouts need to hold prishchepu tops. Thus, you can achieve the formation of a bole beautiful bush.
Zinnia does not apply to frost-resistant plants, and therefore, it is possible to plant seedlings grown at home from seeds only when the ground warms up sufficiently. As a rule, transplanting seedlings can be done at the end of May. Scheme for planting seedlings: 30-35 cm between plants and about the same - between the rows.
Sowing right on the garden bed
Growing tsiniya on the garden from seed can be produced by sowing them directly in open ground. Seedlings can be planted when the significant chills pass.
The wells for seeds are prepared with a depth of 5 cm. You can put several seedlings in one well. When the planting date is correctly chosen, the first shoots will appear on the ground surface after a week. If necessary, it will be possible to thin the sprouts, leaving between them about 30 cm in order to grow full-fledged flowers. It is recommended that shoots be covered with a special covering material so that possible freezing does not harm the crops.
Caring for seedlings growing on the garden bed is also not difficult. The main thing is to moderately water the soil and feed the plants using complex fertilizers.
Often, florists use this option of planting tsini seeds directly, since growing it in such a way is much easier than with a seedling method.
Even in spite of the fact that the seedlings begin to bloom in the garden much later than the planted seedlings. So, for example, when planting seedlings at the end of May, flowers of tsiniia will bloom in June, and shoots planted in a flowerbed in May will delight in flowering in late July.
How to collect planting material
Himself to collect the seeds growing in the garden tsiniya quite possible. It is necessary to wait until the seed boxes, which are in inflorescences, fully mature. Prompt about this change in their color to brown.
Seed boxes should be carefully cut from the stem using sharp scissors. Dry seeds must be removed on a sheet of paper, which can then be used as an envelope for storing seeds until the next spring.
- 1. The subtleties of growing zinnia
- 1.1. Where to get seeds
- 2. Seed preparation
- 3. Sowing seeds
- 3.1. When and how to plant zinnia on a bed
- 4. How to sow zinnia in open ground
- 4.1. The stages of sowing zinnia seeds
- 5. Care after transplantation
Zinnias garden (Zinnia), or "majors" - bright, with a rich palette, very beautiful flowers, long preserving decorative. They have been grown since ancient times and are still loved by many gardeners for their unpretentiousness to the quality of the soil and its moisture. Gardens, parks, flower beds and flower beds adorned with these plants delight the eye from mid-summer to frost.
Types of zinnia are diverse:
- giant californianreaching a height of 120 cm.
- dwarfforming a carpet of inflorescences 25 cm from the ground level
- dahlialike noble, but not so capricious, dahlias,
- cactus zinnia: varied in color zinnia with spherical or chrysanthemum flower shape.
ON THE PICTURE:Dahlia zinnia varieties 'Lavender'.
Decorating your site with these colorful flowers is not at all difficult. The main thing is to know how to grow zinnias from seeds.
Where to get seeds
Usually, zinnia seeds are either harvested from faded plants, or purchased from a store. In the first case, you get planting material adapted for your climatic conditions (if you collect it in your region).
Then, most likely, the flowers will grow well and will be just like their parents.
An exception to this rule is F1 hybrids grown from purchased seeds. As a rule, the offspring of F1 hybrids loses partially or completely parental signs. For example, if F1 had terry, then its seeds can produce simple daisy flowers, or semi-mahrost at best. The same applies to color, habit (shape of the plant) and other unique varietal characteristics.
The seeds are thin sticks in the center of a brown and dried flower.
ON THE PICTURE:Zinnia seeds are small and light. They are easy to lose during manual harvesting, so it makes sense to break off a dried basket of seeds, put it in a bag, and already at home, sort it out on a sheet of clean white paper or even light colored surface.
If the petals crumble in the fingers, and the contents of the box crumble when touched - you can start collecting.
Cut the heads of the flowers with sharp scissors, remove the seeds indoors and lay them out to dry on a sheet of paper. Store seed can be in a jar with a lid or in a paper envelope in a dry, cool place. Planting zinnia seeds will be successful only with their excellent quality and proper storage.
How long does it take to soak the zinnia seeds before planting, and is it worth it at all? Soaking is not necessary, but it allows you to choose the best from a variety of seeds.
Usually the strongest and most viable seeds collected last season. Already after 2-3 days they have roots. Older ones can lie for a week or longer before germinating.
The scourge of seedlings is fungal infections that can kill zinnias at the very start of their development. To avoid infection with blackleg, powdery mildew, gray rot or rot of roots, seeds are treated with a complex fungicide before planting.
Well proven drugs such as Maksim and Topaz, - they are successfully used in growing zinnia from seeds. Photos of plants affected by these diseases can be viewed below.
ON THE PICTURE:Blackleg.
ON THE PICTURE:Mealy dew.
ON THE PICTURE:Gray rot (botrytis).
In addition, the seed of zinnia before planting seeds in the soil, it is desirable to process from leaf spot.
ON THE PICTURE:Leaf spot.
Fitosporin-M or Abiga-Peak will cope well with this task. Already grown plants can be protected from insects (aphids, spider mites), slugs and snails, treated with preparations Imidor and Thunderstorm.
When and how to plant zinnia on a bed
Frost can destroy young seedlings of zinnia. Therefore, seedlings are planted on the street only after the risk of their return disappears. This is usually done at the end of May - early June. Planted at a distance of 25-40 cm from each other. For large species, this distance is increased.
The location of individual stunted zinnias (for example, varieties 'Liliput'or 'Chip and Dale') may be more compact. 25 cm will be quite enough. For growing zinnia 'Persian rug' and other medium varieties will fit a distance of 35 cm.
ON THE PICTURE:Zinnia 'Persian Carpet'.
Large plants of tall species ('Gypsy', 'Pepermint Stig','Magic Rose', 'Burki') need a distance of 40 cm. between copies.
How to sow zinnia in open ground
There is another way of sowing zinnia: growing from seeds in open ground. Under the flower bed a sunny plot is taken away, protected from drafts. Ground over digging, making humus and compost 8-10 kg. per square meter. You can add mineral fertilizers. After that, dig the soil again, but shallowly.
After such seeding zinnia bloom in 2-2.5 months. With proper care, flowers retain their decorativeness for 35 days, seeds ripen 2 months after the beginning of flowering.
In most Russian regions, zinnia can be sown from mid-May. In the Urals or Siberia, it is better to postpone planting at the beginning of summer.
The stages of sowing zinnia seeds
- Preparation of holes. The depth of each hole is 5 cm. The distance between them depends on the size of the future plants (variety).
- Seed application. In each well laid 2 high-quality seeds.
- Watering. Water crops moderately, the abundance of water is harmful for majors.
After watering, you can cover the garden bed or flowerbed film. After 1-2 weeks, the first shoots appear. When they have 4-5 leaves, crops can be thinned out, leaving the strongest and strongest specimens.
When diving, the removed plants do not need to be thrown away. They can be transplanted to another place.
ON THE PICTURE:Strengthened seedlings of zinnia.
Care after transplant
The unpretentious zinnia, cultivated from the seeds of which even beginner gardeners manage, can tolerate drought well. But she loses the beauty and brightness of the inflorescences.
If it is not possible to water the plantings often, it is not scary. Just increase the water consumption during irrigation so that the plants have time to get it in the required amount.
Fertilize zinnias need mineral fertilizers, excess organic matter in the soil can lead to the defeat of plants with powdery mildew. Before transplanting, flowers are watered 2-3 times with a solution of a complex mineral fertilizer with a minimum of nitrogen.
After transplantation, seedlings are fertilized after 2 weeks and the last time immediately before flowering. Every 2-3 weeks poor soil is improved with complex fertilizers with NPK 15:15:15. More information about them can be found in our article "Types of fertilizers and their features."
Subscribe to new articles in the Floriculture section and receive updates by email. Expert article on the care of the garden and the garden is understandable and accessible to everyone!