General information

Sleep-grass: description, types, properties

An open chamber, which is popularly referred to as dream-grass, is a perennial herb of the genus Pastille of the Buttercup family. In late April or early May, immediately after the snow cover disappears, you can see a fabulously beautiful primrose plant. White, yellow, brown-red and purple petals of delicate flowers of backache declare the spring has come.

Visual appeal

A plant with flowers with six pointed petals of purple or lilac color is an opened chamber. Its root system is vertical, multi-headed. In the lower part of the stem, basal, pinnately dissected leaflets are formed, and thin and long simple stem leaves grow together with the bases. Both those, and others are covered with a light down. At each separate plant on a top of a stalk one large flower is formed, in a form reminding an upright or lowered hand bell.

Interesting features have wild grass - opened chamber. The description of the species suggests that under favorable conditions it grows up to 25 centimeters high, growing every year from a powerful dark brown root. Root leaves on long petioles grow after flowering, and die in autumn. The erect stem is also covered with soft, fluffy hairs.

Sleep-grass flowers have numerous yellow stamens and pistils with long fluffy columns up to 5 centimeters in length. Outside, the petals are densely covered with down. Tender heads are blooming either before the appearance of the leaves, or at the same time as them. The spring plant blooms in April and May, forming oblong and strongly hairy fruits at the end of the season, which give the appearance of a special decorative effect.

Spread lumbago

An open chamber - sleep-grass - prefers sod-podzolic soils, characteristic of sparse pine forests, as well as mixed pine-birch and pine-oak forests. Flowers grow on the slopes and in the thickets of berry bushes, on mosses and grass litter. Glades of lumbago can be found on the meadows and in the steppes of the European part of Russia, in Siberia and in the Far East. In addition, the distribution range of this species is Europe, Asia, North America.

Types of lumbago

The genus includes approximately 40 different species growing in the cold, temperate, subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Most (26 species of the Prostrel genus) are observed on the territory of the republics of the former Soviet Union, including the opened chamber, which grows in Central and Western Europe, in the European part of Russia, in the south of Western Siberia.

In light pine forests and on the edges there are Turchaninov's shooting, spring, meadow. On the high vast plateaus and the tops of the Crimean Mountains, as well as in the cracks of the rocks of the mountain ranges of Central Europe, you can find the Crimean view. Most of the varieties of sleep-grass are listed in the Red Book of the subjects of the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Kazakhstan, Estonia. These include the opened chamber. The Red Book prohibits the destruction of a rare plant population threatened with extinction.

The following types of lumbago are known: Alpine, Ayan, spring, mountain, yellowing, golden, bell-shaped, Crimean, meadow, ordinary, and many others. Primary colors: white, yellow, red, blue-violet, lilac.

Favorable natural conditions for lumbago opened

An open chamber, the photo of which is presented below, has a fairly wide range of distribution. The spring plant feels equally well in conditions of a moderately humid climate, and in more arid places. Gentle purple flowers sprout not only on rich soils, but can also be content with poor, not moist ones. Particularly sensitive to light and especially in need of sunlight in the spring, during the flowering period.

Botanical description of sleep-grass

An open chamber, or a dream grass, reaches a height of 7-15 to 40-50 centimeters, depending on the natural conditions. As with other species, the stems are hairy. Pubescent leaves are long, palmately cut, thrown out only after flowering. Prior to this, a large blue-violet flower with a diameter of up to 8 centimeters towers above the grass on an erect stem.

The open chamber forms low, well-developed bushes, on which up to 50 six-petal flowers can bloom simultaneously. Flowering time is in April-May and lasts for 20-25 days. The herb is propagated in most cases by seed, although there have been cases of vegetative propagation. A characteristic feature is the early flowering and early extinction of the generative parts, although the leaves continue to vegetate throughout autumn, until the onset of winter cold.

High seed germination persists for two years, and then somewhat quenched. The cotyledons of the sleep-grass are elongated, saturated dark-green color, on small, partially fused petioles. Persist until late autumn. As the plant develops, the first lower three-lobed leaves with a noticeable venation, which are slightly covered with long, whitish hairs, first appear. The upper leaves appear later, forming a rosette, and are abundantly pubescent, due to which the opened chamber - sleep-grass - seems fluffy. It is interesting that for the winter period the plants remain with green leaves, but all life processes slow down.

Back chamber: medicinal properties

First of all, let's say that this is a poisonous grass, but all its green aboveground part is used to prepare medicines for various purposes. The value of the plant is that it even dried contains a large amount of resins, tannins and saponins. Freshly cut sleep-grass is rich in alkaloids plus anemonin and ranunculin.

Use in traditional medicine

Due to its unique composition, the opened chamber, or the grass sleep, is widely used in folk medicine. The red book, where it was brought not so long ago, limits its collection. Basically, the herb is used as a sleeping pill and sedative. But this is not the only direction. Also, sleep-grass has a powerful bactericidal, antifungal and expectorant effects.

This type of lumbago has antipyretic and diuretic effect. In the recipes of traditional medicine, the grass is used for warming the aching joints of the limbs over the brewed greens. Turchaninov lumbago, growing in Transbaikalia, as well as Dahurian, which can be found in Primorye and the Amur region, is used to treat pustular infections, as an analgesic, distracting agent and to recuperate with exhaustion of the body.

The opened chamber is suitable for rubbing pressed juice of the greenery of inflamed rheumatic joints. Still fresh juice heals glaucoma. Another species, the shooting-down chamber, growing in the east of the country, has found its application in Chinese medicine. Broths of mature rhizomes are used as a hemostatic and astringent.

Naturally, before taking advantage of the miraculous properties of lumbago, you need to get professional advice from a doctor. There are certain contraindications associated with the fact that the plant is poisonous. In particular, in the presence of such diseases as gastritis and other pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, nephritis. Drug collection is carried out in the period of flowering sleep-grass, which lasts from April to May.

Since all types of lumbago have an incredibly attractive appearance, they look organically in group landscape plantings and will be an excellent decoration of lawns, alpine slides and park areas. And for those who wish to dig up a rare and forbidden wild-growing specimen of a flower for their garden, the information that adults can not tolerate replanting will be useful for their garden.

Sleep-grass: description for children

Lumbago is a perennial plant with a vertical dark rhizome. It has a unbranched stem, reaching a height of 20 cm, with soft hairs, densely pubescent.

Leaves are basal, pinnately dissected, shaggy from a huge number of white hairs. Together with them, the peduncle develops with a large single drooping purple flower resembling a small tulip. A simple perianth consists of six lobes on the outside. At the base of the peduncle also has a bract pubescent.

Lumbago (sleep-grass), care, cultivation, the reproduction of which does not present any particular difficulties, blooms in spring. It grows mainly on open sandy hills, on dry slopes, in the pine forests of the Western European part of Russia.

The plant contains saponins, anemonin. At the same time, the extract from the leaves of sleep grass has a strong fungicidal and bactericidal effect. Used in veterinary medicine. Very poisonous. Actively destroyed in many areas by collectors of primroses. The chamber was in the Red Book, is currently under protection.

Beneficial features

The plant contains glycoside hepatrylobin, protoanemonin, vitamin C, saponins, tannins, camphor, resins and other substances. It has expectorant, diuretic, analgesic, sedative and bactericidal action. Stimulates the liver.

Sleep-grass is rich in proto-anemonin - a very caustic substance that produces a surprisingly strong fungicidal and bactericidal effect. It also found saponins. The juice of this plant is highly irritating to the skin, while causing very unpleasant sensations.

General plant information

In most nations of the world, grass is associated with sleep. Maybe this is due to the appearance of the plant itself. Sleep grass is covered with delicate, soft hairs that reduce thoughts of sleep, relaxation and rest. There are legends that as soon as you put sleep under the head you fall asleep.

Sleep grass, when flowering, then covered with pleasant to the touch, villus. And the inflorescences in the lumbago look like bells.

Previously, hunters, watching the bears, came to the conclusion that the lumbago chamber tends to stupefy and reduce to sleep. Especially this property has the root, therefore, the second name, dream grass, appeared.

Lumbago growing from seed at home

Sleep grass is a fairly fast growing, spring flower. There are about 40 species of this plant. It lives mainly in subtropical and temperate climates.

Flowering plant in the second half of April, captures the beginning of May. Inflorescences they have in the form of bells gently purple. After the inflorescence, leaves begin to appear, and they with their thick hairs give a special kind to the flower.

The villi on the flower save it from moisture loss in drought and protect it from hypothermia. Therefore, it is resistant to spring weather changes. For the extraordinary beauty and unpretentiousness, many plant a plant, sleep grass in their area. Sowing is done only by seed.

Lumbago is a perennial, frost-resistant, tolerates drought well. Reaches in height to 30 centimeters, and on one bush there is at the same time up to 50 inflorescences.

Lumbago ordinary landing and care

A few months after flowering, the seeds of the dream of grass can already be sown. It is best to start growing grass from seeds in March or April.

If possible, soak the seeds in a solution of succinic acid for a couple of hours. Sleeping grass propagating seeds, it is necessary to sow either in greenhouses or covered containers.

In lumbar care and cultivation must be done carefully, the seeds must be spread on the soil and slightly pressed. For good shoots, it is necessary to provide an optimum temperature of up to 26 degrees and high humidity.

Disembarkation in separate containers should be done when approximately three leaves appear on the plant. But while the plant will take root after planting, its upper part develops poorly. In late summer, the seedlings of the dream of grass can be planted in open ground in the garden.

If you store the seeds in the refrigerator, they remain valid for up to five years. But it happens that the seeds do not want to wake up, then it is necessary to do the stratification.

Seed stratification lumbago

In order for the seeds to germinate more, it is necessary to shift them into layers with a moistened substrate, and for this, sawdust, peat or sand will be suitable in a ratio of 1: 3. We leave them in a cool room with a temperature of about one degree, about a month.

Dream grass planting and care in the garden

Place on the site must pick up the sun with a little shadow. The soil should be fertilized with limestone or mineral fertilizers. Stagnant moisture does not like. Rassazhivat must be at a distance of 50 cm from each other.

Feed need several times per season phosphate fertilizer. In the first years of life in the winter is better to cover the leaves or straw. At one place without a transplant grows up to 10 years.

Lumbar chamber has healing properties. The plant is used as an antimicrobial agent. Reduces high blood pressure, reduces tachycardia, increased heartbeat and rapid breathing.

In folk medicine, dried grass is used for good sleep and calming the nervous system. As a tincture externally, as a rubbing, used for pain in the back and joints, scabies, fungal skin diseases.

A fresh plant that has just been plucked is poisonous and causes skin inflammation and skin burns, which are similar to thermal burns of the skin of the first and second degree. Therefore, the grass should only be used in a well-dried form.

Tincture of sleep herbs for the treatment of joints

Grind the plant about 12 g and pour a glass of vodka. Insist a week, and then use as a rub.

Her decoction can be added when bathing. To do this, grind dry grass and add a liter of water to boil for five minutes. We add to the bathroom up to three times a week, a course of 15 days. Promotes good sleep.

And to take inside you need 10 g of dried grass, pour a glass of cold water and leave for 24 hours. Take a few tablespoons up to 4 times a day. Stabilizes pressure, tachycardia.

The health of your planet is in your hands!

Lumbago called popularly as a dream-grass has several varieties and also a variety of names. The plant is called: Easter flower, nap, sleepy and many other names. Sleep-grass begins to bloom as soon as the snow thaws, with the arrival of the first warm days. These are small white buds that very quickly turn into fairly large purple flowers. Sleep-grass or lumbago is a perennial plant belonging to the ranunculus family.

In height can reach about forty centimeters. If we talk about the dream-grass that prevails in Russia - this is undoubtedly an open chamber.

Sleep-grass: application. Description of indications for medical use

The plant has an antimycotic and antimicrobial effect, reduces pressure, has a powerful sedative effect, slows down the frequency of respiration and pulse. In official medicine it is not used.

Infusions and decoctions of sleep-herbs are used for neurosis, headache, insomnia, hysterical seizures. External lumbago is used for pyoderma, pain in the joints, fungi, scabies. It is believed that the decoction of this herb helps in small doses with weakness of the abdominal front wall and lung diseases. Tincture is used inside with articular rheumatism, it is also rubbed into sore joints. In folk medicine in China, dry extract and plant extracts treat bacterial and amoebic dysentery. Homeopaths use it as a venotonic.

You need to know that a fresh plant is very poisonous due to the content of anemonin, which causes inflammation of the mucous membranes and skin. In contact with sleep-grass burns 1 and 2 degrees. At the same time, when ingestion, symptoms of intestinal and gastric mucosa lesions appear. The plant does not apply to pregnancy, pyelonephritis, hepatitis and gastritis.

Dream grass description

Lumbago - flowers of purple color, mainly grow in those places where a large amount of sun penetrates: on the edges of pine forests, on a hill or sandy soil.

Today, this flower is listed in the Red Book. Flowering time ranges from two to four weeks, from mid-April to May. The leaves of the plant are preserved until late autumn. Seed collection occurs in July. They form a ball with long white fibers.

Growing and harvesting sleep-grass

The plant is in the Red Book and it is forbidden to tear it in wild places.

In connection with his disappearance, people increasingly began to plant lumbago at their sites. Растение размножается либо пушистыми семенами либо корнем, достаточно хорошо приживается особенно в сухой песчаной почве. Важно помнить, что это ядовитый вид растения. Следует избегать прямого попадания сока прострела на открытые участки кожи, он вызывает сильное раздражение.

Удивительно, что при сушке все ядовитые свойства полностью пропадают. И помните если Вы решили заготовить прострел самостоятельно, не сушите его в помещении в котором живете, прострел сохнет долго и все это время он будет выделять токсичные эфиры особенно от цветов.

Применение сон-травы внутрь

Конечно же, первое что стоит отметить – это мощный успокоительный эффект данного растения.

Due to the properties that affect the improvement of sleep, the flower was given the name - sleep-grass. If you just inhale the smell of its flowers for a few minutes you can hardly refuse to sleep. It is also known that sleep-herb has anti-inflammatory properties. Used in the treatment of fungal diseases, and even the plant has analgesic properties.

Due to the different tinctures and decoctions of the chamber, it is possible to treat more serious diseases.

Used in the treatment of pulmonary diseases, in particular tuberculosis. In these cases, the tincture is applied in small quantities daily.

Use the backache for the treatment of many gynecological problems, as well as in the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases.

A woman is given a decoction of the lumbago during labor pains, to reduce pain, and also to speed up labor, but do not get carried away with it! There are more active plants to reduce the generic pain scientifically proven and safer.

Many people with asthma also seek the help of the healing properties of this amazing plant. Effectively apply tincture of lumbago in the treatment of bronchitis, neurological diseases and gout.

Able, this wonderful herb to cope with frequent headaches.

Outdoor use of sleep herbs

Topically applied sleep-herb as a painkiller in cases of rheumatism. The leaves of the plant are applied to burns. Baths based on the decoction chamber are used to treat dermatological diseases, in combination with herbs such as celandine can solve most skin problems caused by inflammation or parasites.

Contraindications to the use of sleep-herbs

You can not use the chamber as a medicine, if a person suffers from such diseases as: various types of gastritis, neuritis, diseases associated with the liver.

The effect of lumbago on pregnancy has not been studied, so it is worth refraining from taking sleep-herbs during pregnancy and lactation, this plant can cause a miscarriage.

The magical properties of the plant

Many believe not only in the healing properties of sleep-herbs, but also its magical power. It protects against the evil eye and all sorts of witchcraft effects on humans.

There are many legends about this plant. So in ancient times it was said that asleep in sleep-grass automatically acquires the gift of prediction and foresight.

There are a lot of regulations for collecting sleep-grass. An indispensable condition that must be met, going for the collection of sleep-grass - the purity of thoughts. It is believed that the grass collected with dew has special properties, and after lain until midday in icy water.

If you put such a collection under your pillow, you will always have a prophetic dream. Harvesting grass is best done alone and in silence; if you make a wish in the process, it will certainly come true. A dried dream-grass promises wealth and a happy life to the owner.

The healing properties of sleep herbs have been noted since ancient times.

Disappointed with the effectiveness of traditional medicine, or not wanting to pollute your body with chemicals, many resort to the healing properties of this modest purple flower.

Buy back in the store

The Ivanovo Herbs Company in 2016 launched an experiment on growing sleep-grass (lumbago), and also took up the issue of the spread of this plant in the territory of Ivanovo and neighboring areas.

This year we managed to collect a few kilograms of flowers, lumbar grass and seeds. You can buy them in our store.

Updated: January 29, 2017. Author: Herbs Available.

Views: 955. Category: Interesting articles about plants

Plant sleep grass

The Russian name "chamber" is associated with a legend. The evil spirit somehow began to hide behind the chamber-grass. One of the archangels, once and for all to get rid of evil spirits, threw a thunderbolt and shot the grass from top to bottom. Since then, an unclean man goes around the chamber and does not come closer than 12 versts to it, and in the old herbalist on this occasion it is written: “Who carries the grass with him, the devil runs from the man, in the house - to keep good, and to build the mansion put, you will live harmoniously. "

Another name - sleep-grass - was interpreted as a plant that carries sleep. For many nations it is associated with the idea of ​​a dream. Perhaps the very appearance of the plant, thickly covered with soft hairs, fluffy to the touch, suggested an idea of ​​soft drowsiness, rest and rest. In the Scandinavian epic "Edda" it is said that as soon as a dream-grass was put under the head of Brunnhilde, she immediately fell asleep. In the "Pechersk Paterik" (Russian literary monument), it is told how during the vigil he walks around the temple and throws sleep-grass at the lazy monks.

In whom he falls, he immediately falls asleep.

The Latin name for the dream-grass Pulsatilla goes back to the notion of “pushing”: a plant in the wind sways, as if getting pushes.

In total, there are 26 species of lumbago in the domestic flora of botany. These are mainly low herbs with large single flowers. They all bloom in early spring, usually before the leaves appear.

Plant description sleep-grass

Sleep-grass or backache - a perennial herb with a vertical dark brown rhizome.

Stem up to 20 cm tall, unbranched, densely pubescent with soft hairs. Radical leaves pinnatisect, also shaggy from a large number of white hairs. At the same time with the leaves, the peduncle appears with a large, drooping single flower of lilac color, similar to a small tulip.

Perianth simple, with six lobes, pubescent outside. At the base of the peduncle there is also a pubescent bract.

Blossoms in April - May. It grows in pine forests, on open sandy hills, on dry slopes in the west of the European part of the country from Leningrad to Mykolaiv region.
In the grass lumbago contains anemonin, saponins.

Leaf extract has a strong bactericidal and fungicidal action. Used in veterinary medicine. Poisonous.

In many areas, actively destroyed collectors primroses. Protected, listed in the Red Book.

Contains protoanemonin, glycoside hepatrilobin, saponins, vitamin C, camphor, tannins, resins, etc.
It has a diuretic, expectorant, bactericidal, sedative and analgesic effect. Stimulates liver function.

Lumbago, like no other herb of the buttercup family, is rich in proto-anemonin, a caustic substance that has an unusually strong bactericidal and fungicidal effect.

Saponins are found in the roots. The juice of this plant irritates the skin, causing discomfort.

Lumbar opened (R. patens). Plant from 10 to 50 cm tall.

Young leaves are rounded-heart-shaped, strongly pubescent, appear after blooming flowers. The flowers of the chamber opened when blooming are widely bell-shaped, later opened, stellate, erect. Flowers chamber opened in April-May for 20-25 days.

Lumbago Turchaninova (R. turczaninovii). Plants from 5 to 35 cm tall. The leaves of Turchaninov lumbago are dissected into long and narrow, linear and sharp segments, developing simultaneously with the flowers.

The flowers of the plants are almost upright, half-opened, blue-violet. Turchaninov's chamber blossoms in April-May.

Spring chamber (R. vernalis). Plant up to 30 cm tall with a straight or slightly curved stem and leathery leaves that appear after flowering. The flowers of spring are shot inside the snow-white, outside with a slight purple hue, bloom in the second half of May and bloom for 20-25 days.

Prostrel multi-cut (R.

multifida). Plants up to 10-30 cm in height. Radical leaves are located on long petioles covered with soft hairs that appear at the end of flowering or after it. Flowers lumbago multi-violet blue-purple, initially widely bell-shaped, later widely disclosed.

Lumbar chamber (R. pratensis). Plant up to 30 cm tall.

Leaves lumbago meadow strongly cut into narrow lobes, appear during flowering or after it. The flowers of the plants are purple and violet. Flowering meadow back in April for 25-30 days.

Lumbago (R. vulgaris). Small plants up to 15-20 cm tall. Flowers lumbago ordinary blue, appear before the leaves, in April. Common chamber has several very spectacular forms and varieties.

Crimean chamber, or Haller's chamber (R. halleri). Plants up to 30 cm tall with a bushy stem.

Flowers lumbago Crimean all shades of purple, densely pubescent outside. Plants bloom in May for 25-30 days.

Lumbago (yellowing P. flavescens). Plants up to 45-50 cm tall with a large basal rosette of leaves. All parts of the yellowing lid are densely covered with silver-gray hairs.

The flowers of the plant are yellow.

Back chamber golden (R. aurea). The plant is up to 35-50 cm tall. The leaves are lumbago of golden pinnatisect, juicy-green, with long petioles, covered with thick hairs, which make them look fluffy. Flowers of plants wide open, golden yellow, bloom in June.

Lumbar bell-shaped (R.

campanella). Plant height is up to 30-35 cm. The leaves of the lumbago of the bell-shaped are strongly dissected, the flowers are narrow-bell-shaped, blue-violet or purple, bloom in April-May.

Lars mountain (R. montana).

Plant up to 20-30 cm tall with dark purple, almost black flowers. The mountain chamber blossoms at the beginning of May for 25-30 days.

Lumbago alpine (R. alpina). Plant up to 20 cm tall with white or yellow flowers.

The petals of the flowers of the alpine chamber are slightly wavy, bent. The type blossoms very long.

Plant sleep-grass. A photo

Plant sleep-grass. Photo: USFWS Mountain-Prairie

Photo: Denali National Park and Preserve

Lumbago. Photo: Malcolm Manners

It has been established that sleep-grass can have an antimicrobial and antimycotic effect. It has a sedative effect, lowers blood pressure, slows down the frequency of the pulse and respiration.

In official medicine, this plant is not used.

In folk medicine, decoctions and infusions of sleep-herbs are given for headache, neurosis, hysterical seizures, insomnia. Outwardly, the herb extract is used for pain in the joints, pyoderma, fungal skin lesions, and for scabies. It is believed that the decoction of herbs in small doses helps with diseases of the lungs and weakness of the anterior abdominal wall. When articular rheumatism inside use tincture of sleep-herbs, it is also rubbed into the affected joints.

In Chinese traditional medicine, infusion and dry extract of the lumbago of the open treat amoebic and bacterial dysentery.

Homeopaths use sleep-herb as an effective venotonic.

Fresh plant poisonous due to the content of anemonin, which causes inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes. In contact with the skin, a reaction occurs according to the type of chemical burn of I-II degree.

When ingestion symptoms develop lesions of the gastric mucosa, intestines, renal epithelium. The plant is not used during pregnancy, pyelone- and glomerulonephritis, gastritis and hepatitis.

Poisonous herb. Protected by law and in the Red Book. In folk medicine, it is valued for hypnotic, analgesic, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, enveloping, relaxing, sedative properties. From the dry raw materials prepare decoctions, infusions, alcohol tinctures.

Fresh herb is most often used in homeopathy.

Sleep-grass received this name in the people because of the pronounced hypnotic properties. Since ancient times, not only Slavic peoples knew its benefits, but also the Mongols, the Chinese, the indigenous people of Siberia and North America.

It is known not only sedative, but also antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, expectorant action of the herb. It is important to remember that sleep-grass is a poisonous plant. Uncontrolled use and self-medication can lead to overdose and poisoning. Even inhalation of vapors of fresh grass can be hazardous to health. Sleep-grass is found in the myths and legends of different nations. In ancient times, it was used to make a magical potion.

In which regions can be found lumbago?

Is grass collection allowed? What are the main indications and contraindications?

Growing area

Lumbago, or sleep-grass is found in Europe, especially in the middle lane and southern regions.

But also it can be seen in Northern Europe - Sweden and Finland. It also grows in Siberia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, the Far East, and North America. He likes dry pine and mixed forests, open meadows and forest edges, sunny slopes, meadows and steppes.

Botanical characteristic

Botanical illustration of Jacob Sturm from the book “Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen”, 1796.

What does sleep-grass look like? The average plant height is 15 cm, but under good conditions it can reach 40 cm. In early spring, the stem is thrown (less often two or three) from the rhizome. What is the botanical description of the dream-herb medicinal plant?

  • Perennial herbaceous plant.
  • Stem erect, covered with thick soft hairs.
  • At the end of the stem is a large bell-shaped flower of a light lilac color.
  • On the flower are numerous yellow anthers (the upper part of the stamen).
  • Leaves silvery, strongly pubescent, dissected.
  • It blooms in March and May, depending on the range.
  • Propagated only by seeds.

Is it possible to collect grass

The grass is listed in the Red Book of Russia.

In particular, the collection of plants is prohibited in the Moscow, Ryazan, Lipetsk, Oryol, Tula, Kaluga regions. In some regions, lumbago is a rare plant. Refers to shrinking, vulnerable species.

For example, at the end of the XIX century there were sixteen flower populations, today there are only nine. What is the reason for the extinction of grass? Collection for bouquets, bulk harvesting as a medicinal raw material, overgrowing of the plant’s areas with thick grass.

You can grow sleep-grass in the garden and as a beautiful decorative flower, and as a medicinal raw material.

For therapeutic purposes, use the entire aboveground part. Experienced herbalists do not recommend cooking any homemade medicine from fresh grass. Fresh stems, leaves and flowers contain protoanemonin, a toxic substance. During drying, after about 3-4 months, it disappears. But the raw material does not lose its medicinal properties, it becomes less toxic.

Healing action

Healing properties of sleep herbs:

  • pain reliever
  • astringent
  • sedative
  • relaxing
  • hypnotic,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • bactericidal
  • diuretic,
  • choleretic
  • expectorant
  • enveloping
  • wound healing.

In chemical composition:

List of indications

What does sleep-grass help?

What diagnoses are recommended to take grass?

  • Functional disorders of the nervous system. Main indications: migraine, agitation, insomnia, irritability, hysteria, headache. It also improves the emotional state, improves mood, relieves bouts of melancholy and depression.
  • Respiratory system .

An open chamber gives an antispasmodic and expectorant effect. It is prescribed for coughing (bronchitis, bronchial asthma, whooping cough). Benefits for women's health. The herb has a pronounced sedative effect, helps to calm down the pre-menopausal period. Relieves signs of PMS. Especially helps with spastic pains in the lower abdomen, headache, unstable emotional state, tearfulness, irritability.

In the old herbalists described that before the chamber was given to women to stimulate childbirth, as well as their anesthesia. The cardiovascular system .

More rarely it is mentioned that the plant's chamber is beneficial for disturbances in the work of the heart, stimulates heart activity, relieves vascular spasms, lowers blood pressure.

  • Outdoor use. You can apply rubbing in diseases of the joints (rheumatism, gout, arthritis), treat with strong infusions wounds, eczema, fungal skin lesions, burns. The herb acts as an anesthetic and antiseptic.
  • In some sources indicated that the grass lumbar helps with cataracts and glaucoma caused by increased intraocular pressure.

    Also found information that the plant has anti-tumor properties, helps with cancer. It is also taken in benign prostate tumors in men.

    What is the use of sleep-grass at home?

    In what dosage forms can it be taken orally, used externally?

    How to cook a decoction of dry medicinal raw materials?

    1. Take 1–2 tsp of raw materials.
    2. Fill with a glass of cold water.
    3. Boil 1 minute.
    4. Insist 30 minutes.
    5. Strain.

    The average dosage is 1-2 tbsp. l decoction 3 times a day (preferably after meals). Recommend to take for the normalization of sleep and psycho-emotional state.

    It is important to respect the dosage and treatment prescribed by the doctor.

    In case of overdose, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys is possible. The most severe and dangerous consequence of an overdose or hypersensitivity to the herb is paralysis.

    Usually the infusion is prepared for external use - washing of wounds and skin, lotions and compresses. With extensive skin lesions, eczema, scabies, joint pain, it is recommended to add to therapeutic baths.

    l raw materials.

  • Pour a glass of boiling water.
  • Insist 12 hours.
  • Strain.
  • Under the supervision of a physician, concentrated infusions (in small doses) can be taken orally.

    From lumbago (sleep-herbs), you can make alcohol tinctures.

    Их применяют внутрь и наружно.

    1. Возьмите 1 часть сухого сырья.
    2. Залейте 5 частями спирта 40%.
    3. Настаивайте неделю в теплом и темном месте.
    4. Процедите.

    Чаще всего используют для растирок при ревматических болях. Внутрь принимают по 10 капель 2 раза в день после еды, в разведении с водой.

    Применение в гомеопатии

    Растение сон-трава в гомеопатии применяется только в свежем виде.

    Из свежих стеблей и цветов готовят гомеопатические капли (Pulsatilla). Каковы показания к назначению этого препарата?

    • Головные боли, мигрень.
    • Нерегулярные месячные.
    • Неврозы.
    • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (despite the contraindications in folk and traditional medicine).
    • Diseases of the kidneys and bladder.
    • Cold, inflammation of the throat, ears, respiratory diseases.
    • Gout and rheumatism.
    • Externally, the agent is treated with frostbite, eczema, fungal lesions.

    Apply in strict dosage and appropriate dilution under the supervision of a homeopathic doctor.

    Treats toxic drugs because of the high content of protoanemonin.

    Lumbago (sleep-grass) - sedative, sedative. It is most often prescribed for neurosis and insomnia. In addition, the plant acts as a mild analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, expectorant. Externally, it is used to treat wounds, burns and rashes on the skin, used for rubbing and compresses for diseases of the joints.

    Essay on the topic:

    Literature

    • Yuzepchuk S.V. Genus 528. Chamber - Pulsatilla // Flora of the USSR.

    In 30 volumes - herba.msu.ru/shipunov/school/books/flora_sssr1937_7.djvu / Editor-in-Chief Acad. V. L. Komarov, Volume Editor B. K. Shishkin. - M. —L .: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1937. - T. VII. - pp. 295-296. - 792 + XXVI p. - 5200 copies Gubanov I.A., Kiseleva K.V., Novikov V.S., Tikhomirov V.N. 598.

    Pulsatilla patens (L.) Mill. - Open chamber, or Sleep-grass // Illustrated determinant of plants in Central Russia. In 3 volumes - herba.msu.ru/shipunov/school/books/gubanov2003_illustr_opred_rast_sred_rossii_2.djvu.

    - M .: T-in scientific publications KMK, Institute of Technological Research, 2003. - T. 2. Angiosperms (dicotyledons: raznolepestnye). - p. 213. - ISBN 9-87317-128-9

    Latin name: Pulsatilla.

    Categories:Perennial herbaceous plants, plants for rock garden.

    Family: Ranunculus (Ranunculáceae).

    Motherland

    In nature, lumbago (sleep-grass) is common in areas with a temperate, cold, partly subtropical climate throughout the Northern Hemisphere.

    The genus includes about 40 species.

    The form: perennial herbaceous plant.

    Description

    Lumbago (sleep-grass) is a perennial herb with a straight, hairy, erect stem from 5 to 40 cm tall. Bottom leaves are lamellar petiolate, trifoliate, with wedge-shaped, two- or triple-cut leaves and notched, linear-elongated lobules, hairy, filigree, collected into a rosette.

    Sleep-grass flowers are bell-shaped, solitary, very large, wide-open or drooping, with numerous stamens, densely pubescent, purple, light violet, yellow, rarely white or red, bloom before the appearance of leaves or simultaneously with them, in early spring, sometimes early summer. Fruits lumbago - nuts covered with long hairs - are also decorative. Sleep-grass - a plant listed in the Red Book.

    In ancient times it was believed that the dream-grass is a magical, magical flower.

    Also, plants have medicinal properties.

    Chamber opened (R. patens). Plant from 10 to 50 cm tall. Young leaves are rounded-heart-shaped, strongly pubescent, appear after blooming flowers. The flowers of the chamber opened when blooming are widely bell-shaped, later opened, stellate, erect.

    Flowers chamber opened in April-May for 20-25 days.

    Lumbago Turchaninova (R. turczaninovii). Plants from 5 to 35 cm tall. The leaves of Turchaninov lumbago are dissected into long and narrow, linear and sharp segments, developing simultaneously with the flowers. The flowers of the plants are almost upright, half-opened, blue-violet.

    Turchaninov's chamber blossoms in April-May.

    Spring chamber (R. vernalis). Plant up to 30 cm tall with a straight or slightly curved stem and leathery leaves that appear after flowering. The flowers of spring are shot inside the snow-white, outside with a slight purple hue, bloom in the second half of May and bloom for 20-25 days.

    Multi-threaded (R.

    multifida). Plants up to 10-30 cm in height. Radical leaves are located on long petioles covered with soft hairs that appear at the end of flowering or after it. Flowers lumbago multi-violet blue-purple, initially widely bell-shaped, later widely disclosed.

    Meadow (R. pratensis). Plant up to 30 cm tall. Leaves lumbago meadow strongly cut into narrow lobes, appear during flowering or after it. The flowers of the plants are purple and violet. Flowering meadow back in April for 25-30 days.

    Lumbago (R. vulgaris). Small plants up to 15-20 cm tall.

    Flowers lumbago ordinary blue, appear before the leaves, in April. Common chamber has several very spectacular forms and varieties.

    Chamber of crimean, or Haller's chamber (R. halleri). Plants up to 30 cm tall with a bushy stem. Flowers lumbago Crimean all shades of purple, densely pubescent outside. Plants bloom in May for 25-30 days.

    Chamber of yellowing (R.

    flavescens). Plants up to 45-50 cm tall with a large basal rosette of leaves. All parts of the yellowing lid are densely covered with silver-gray hairs. The flowers of the plant are yellow.

    Back chamber golden (R. aurea). The plant is up to 35-50 cm tall. The leaves are lumbago of golden pinnatisect, juicy-green, with long petioles, covered with thick hairs, which make them look fluffy.

    Flowers of plants wide open, golden yellow, bloom in June.

    Back chamber bell (R.

    campanella). Plant height is up to 30-35 cm. The leaves of the lumbago of the bell-shaped are strongly dissected, the flowers are narrow-bell-shaped, blue-violet or purple, bloom in April-May.

    Mountain chamber (R. montana). Plant up to 20-30 cm tall with dark purple, almost black flowers. The mountain chamber blossoms at the beginning of May for 25-30 days.

    Alpine chamber (R. alpina). Plant up to 20 cm tall with white or yellow flowers.

    The petals of the flowers of the alpine chamber are slightly wavy, bent. The type blossoms very long.

    Growing conditions

    Lumbago (sleep grass) is better to plant in slightly shaded areas, although the plants normally develop in open areas.

    Lumbago is a flower that prefers deeply processed, fertile, well-drained, alkaline substrates, sand and gravel loams. Plants categorically do not tolerate stagnant water, so you can not plant sleep-grass in the lowlands or in places where water accumulates, you can plant plants in areas with a slope to the south to avoid flooding.

    Application

    Sleep-grass is a very beautiful plant that always has a place in the garden. Lanyards are planted in groups on the lawn, in mixed flower gardens, various compositions, in rocky gardens - rock gardens and rockeries.

    Care

    In hot, dry time, the backache should be watered without flooding the flowers.

    Lumbago is a plant that develops better on fertile substrates filled with organic and mineral fertilizers; therefore, it is necessary to feed. Sleep-grass responds positively to the presence of lime in the soil. Mature plants can not be transplanted, the backache is very bad tolerate transplant. If you still need to transplant chamber, then do it in the fall or spring, digging up plants with a large lump of earth.

    Lumbago is a plant listed in the Red Book, therefore it is impossible to dig it out or pick its flowers.

    In addition, sleep-grass is a flower that does not stay in cut for long. Also, dug wild plants may not settle down on the site, since adult specimens very poorly tolerate transplantation.

    Breeding

    Lumbago is a plant that is propagated only by seeds.

    It is better to sow sleep grass with freshly harvested seeds in June-July or in spring in heated soil. Lumbago seeds close up to a depth of 1-1.5 cm, sown thickly. Seedlings need to be watered abundantly (but not to allow stagnant water), they are also recommended to be mulched. Mulch helps to preserve moisture in the soil, protects young shooting from cold or overheating.

    Buy lumbago can be in the garden center. Seeds can also be ordered online.

    Diseases and pests

    Usually the chamber (sleep-grass) is not susceptible to diseases and is not affected by pests.

    Popular varieties

    Varieties lumbago

    ‘Rote Glocke’. Very beautiful red chamber with velvety, wide open flowers, blooming in April.

    ‘Bells Red’. Another red chamber. Flowers bloom before the appearance of the leaves, often right from under the snow.

    The color of the petals - from wine red to purple.

    ‘Mrs van der Elst’ is a variety with pale pink flowers.

    Species diversity

    In nature, sleep-grass grows in areas with a temperate cold climate throughout the Northern Hemisphere. On the edges of light pine forests can be found backache of disclosures ,spring shot, bows meadow . The last two species are listed in the Red Book, so you should not collect bouquets from them, especially since they are practically not cut. Have lumbago spring bell-shaped flowers up to 4 cm in diameter, white inside and light purple outside, chamber opened requires very good
    lighting, especially during flowering. Its flowers with a diameter of up to 8 cm have a blue-violet color and appear before the leaves, and at the end of flowering they fully open, resembling not a bell, but a star with a bright yellow center. In this species
    there is another name - "snow tulip". Meadow different bell-shaped flowers drooping up to 5 cm in diameter pale lilac color, which can be reddish and greenish-yellow. For species with a white flower color can be attributed alpine chamber , which reaches a height of 20 cm and has a long flowering period - from May to August. Growing on the Caucasus golden chamber refer to species with yellow flowers. Very beautiful view Kolychev lumbago with pink flowers with purple staminate filaments and purple anthers. And almost black and purple flowers are the card blackened chamber. The most famous in culture (since 1530) - lumbago. It blooms later lumbago open together with the growth of leaves. It is he who has numerous varieties and forms: with beautiful velvety red
    flowers, blooming in April, flowers from wine-red to purple color. ‘Mrs van der El at’s with delicate pink flowers. There is also the ‘Papagcno’ variety market.
    which has a rim cut into many narrow petals.

    Agrotechnology

    All the shots are frost-resistant and hardy. With proper care, eight year old plants can produce up to 150 flowers simultaneously. For the cultivation of sleep-grass on the site you need to choose a slightly shaded place, which, however, should be well lit during flowering. It is better to prefer areas with a slight slope to the south to ensure the flow of water. The soil should be dry, well permeable to moisture. Since these plants are perennial and do not tolerate transplants at all, the soil should be well fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers and treated to a depth of 40-50 cm. It is advisable to add lime to the plantings, and phosphorus and potassium are applied several times per season
    in the form of dressings. Only spring wood prefers acidic soils with sand and pine litter. In hot, dry summers, abundant watering is necessary, but in no case should plants be flooded - they absolutely cannot stand the stagnation of water. Therefore, wet areas are completely unsuitable for planting.

    Sleep-grass does not require any special care, but certain rules must be observed during its reproduction. All backfires are “couch potatoes”, their core rhizome is ideal for fixing the plant on dry soil and for extracting iodine from a great depth.
    But this is the reason that the culture in the culture can not be divided or transplanted in adulthood (if necessary, they are dug out with a very large lump
    land). That is why sleep-grass propagates only with seeds, which are sown immediately after harvest. Sowing is carried out very deeply in the grooves to a depth of 1-1.5 cm, which contributes to
    more friendly germination. Seedlings appear after 3-4 weeks. At this time, it is necessary to maintain a constant soil moisture, so they use mulching with hay or straw to prevent excessive irrigation and soil compaction. Also, in hot weather, seedlings should be hardened. Purchased seeds can be sown in a greenhouse or at home.
    March — April. The main thing is that there is a difference between day and night temperatures. Previously, sowing does not make sense, since germination requires a high temperature (+ 25 ... + 28 ° C), which is the case on the window sills at this time of year. Seedlings dive only in the phase of 2-3 real leaves. In the same year, the seedlings can be planted in a permanent place. When planting they are planted at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. But there are exceptions to every rule. In this case, the exception is the seeds of high-mountain species.
    lumbago and their varieties. They need a winter stratification, and therefore the sowing is carried out at the winter to a permanent place. They practically do not tolerate transplants at any age. All young plants planted in the ground in the first winter should be covered with spruce leaves or covering materials, especially in a snowless winter. This will save them not only from cold, but also from spring overheating and burns. When working with surrendered plants, it is necessary to remember that any kind of lumbago is poisonous. If fresh plant juice is applied to the skin, irritation and itching may occur. In dried form, the shooting is absolutely harmless.
    Usually, sleep-grass is not damaged by pests, and from diseases it can only be threatened by various types of rot in wet areas. But with this scourge you can cope with the drug "phytosparin" or "Maxim".

    Lovely companions

    Incredibly graceful, gentle and noble, sprasrely will always find a worthy place in the garden. They will perfectly complement the clumps of early-blooming Scyllae, crocuses, and Pushkinia, and then close the places that have become bare after the flowering of ephemeroids with overgrown leaves. Excellent neighbors for lumbago will be various primroses, gentian, geyhery. On the Alpine hill or in rock arias next to the Armeria, saxifrage, Sedum silver pilous plants will give softness to gloomy stones. Almost all types of soybean grass are indispensable for creating landscaped gardens, on open lawns, in mixed flower beds, in groups on lawns, next to low rhododendrons. But not only flowering, which lasts up to 4-5 weeks, and in some species repeats in September, does
    shooting decorative, but also pubescent dissected basal leaves and remaining after flowering seeds with silver tails, awn, collected in shaggy heads. In short, during the entire growing season, the sleep-grass will decorate your flower garden. And if you believe in fairy tales, then in the early morning lean to the furry miracle and listen - suddenly it will whisper a plot for good luck to you.