General information

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This unusual plant is tropical and is found in the regions of Africa, North and South America. At home, xantosome houseplant.

Like all decorative leafy xanthosoma has beautiful arrow-shaped leaves, although it is a flowering plant. However, her flowers are very inconspicuous, collected in the cob.

But the most interesting thing is that xanthosome is also a vegetable plant. In West Africa, for example, it is grown in large quantities and is consumed with young leaves and fleshy rhizomes. What kind of dishes are not made from xantosome rhizomes: they are added to soups, they are mashed, and grilled and deep-fried.

Growing Xanthosis

Grow xanthozomy easy. The main thing is to monitor the maintenance of the required ambient temperature and the level of humidity of the air and the substrate. Xanto-zome suitable soil for green plants with a high content of peat moss and organic matter. During the vegetative period, xanthozomes are fed, adding liquid fertilizer for green plants to the water for irrigation every three weeks.

Flower location

Xanthosomes prefer shade or partial shade. Exposure to direct sunlight is detrimental to them.

The best temperature for the plant

In winter, the temperature should not fall below 12-14 "C, while in the spring and summer xanthosome will be most comfortable at 20-22 ° C.

The intensity of irrigation depends on the stage of the life cycle of the plant. In the spring and summer, xanthosis is poured abundantly, avoiding, however, the stagnation of water. In the fall and winter, watering is reduced (soil at

Large decorative leaves of all shades of green will decorate any interior.

this is constantly kept slightly wet). In the hottest months, it is recommended to spray the leaves of the plant with soft water.

Xanthosome Care

To keep the leaves shiny, they are wiped with a damp cloth.

Flower reproduction

Xanthosis is propagated by dividing rhizomes. The best time for this operation is early spring. Part of the rhizome with at least one sprout is separated and transplanted into a small container filled with peat and sand substrate. The young plant is kept in a shaded place at a temperature of about 24 ° C, the substrate is constantly kept slightly moist.


Xanthosomes are very dependent on their growing conditions. At the first signs of leaf wilting, watering should be increased, while the appearance of dark spots on the leaves serves as a symptom of burns in direct sunlight. Sometimes xanthozomes are attacked by aphids, which accumulate on young shoots of plants.


Add your comment:

Fenestria is a strange succulent that is very afraid of water.

Help identify the plant:

(December 4, 2018, 16:55)
In my opinion it is decorative moss or solanum. Poisonous. Further.

(December 4, 2018, 16:17)
Hello, can I take the flower closer? Generally resembles chilli pepper. Further.

(December 4, 2018, 16:07)
Hello, this poinsettia or otherwise - Euphorbia beautiful? Further.

Comments on articles:

(Aptenia - - November 30, 2018, 19:29)
And you are not flooding her? In the sense of now in the cold it should be practically not watered. Further.

(Aptenia - - November 30, 2018, 16:16)
I have a warmed loggia. The summer of aptenia lived there, and then some sluggish leaves suddenly became. Further.

(Maranta - - November 29, 2018, 23:43)
Thank. Further.

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general description

Xanthosis is a large ornamental-leaf plant with a tuberous rhizome, with a short thick stem. Light green leaves with pronounced veins are spear-shaped. They are dense, shiny, very large, on long petioles, a variety of colors. Both the tubers and the leaves after heat treatment can be eaten.

Xanthosoma inflorescence is a yellow spike, fused with a spathe at the base.

Types of xanthozomy

  • Xanthosome Powerful - in adult plants, the trunk size can reach one meter, in young plants it is absent. Matt soft leaves reach a length of 0.5-2.0 m, in width - up to 1.5 m, are located on petioles up to 1.5 m.
  • Xantozome linden It is a moisture-loving plant with arrow-shaped wide leaves 25-40 cm long on long, up to 70 cm petioles. The color of their bottom green, monotonous, on top with white stripes along the veins. The cover of this species is white, the ear is short.
Xantazom Linden
  • Xanthosome Dark green - It is a plant with spear-shaped leaves up to 70 cm long and up to 60 cm wide, the color is dark green in the middle, green along the edge. The scape of the plant has a bluish bloom, a mauve veil with red veins.
  • Xanthosoma Violet - on top of the leaves are painted in blue-green color, bottom - in green, matte. Their size reaches 50 cm, the stem is purple, up to 1 m. The flowers have a yellow cover 20-30 cm long. The leaves and tuber-like rhizomes of this species are considered edible.
Xantazom violet

Xanthosome Care

Temperature and lighting - Xanthosis must be protected from the direct rays of the sun. The plant is thermophilic, grows well at 20-25 degrees, the temperature should not fall below 18, even in winter. You can not put xanthosis next to the heating devices.

Humidity and watering - In the summer watering should be regular and abundant, but to prevent stagnant moisture at the roots can not. In winter, watering is reduced, no more than once a week. The lower the temperature of the content, the less likely to moisten the plant.

Humidity needs high air - large leaves evaporate a lot of moisture. From time to time, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.

Fertilizer and transplant - the plant responds well to fertilizing with organic fertilizers once every three weeks.

Soil and transplanting - Xanthosis needs a neutral loose soil, take ready soil for palm trees with the addition of peat moss or coconut fiber, you need good drainage. Young xanthozoms are transplanted, depending on the strength of growth, once or twice a year, and adults approximately every two to three years.

Bloom in room conditions is extremely rare.

Xanthasome flower

Reproduction xanthozomy

Xanthosis is propagated by dividing the rhizomes during transplantation. Place the cut to sprinkle powdered activated charcoal and put in a separate pot. With a warm content of about 20–25 degrees and sufficient moisture, rooting occurs quickly.

The plant can be propagated by separating the root offsprings from the mother bush.

Pests, diseases and possible problems

Xanthosis can be affected by the shield, spider mite, and mealy worm. Treat the plant with insecticide.

The direct rays of the sun can cause leaf burns.

With a lack of light, the variegated leaves turn green.

Lack of nutrition can cause yellowing of the leaves.

With a lack of moisture in the air, the tips of the leaves dry, brown spots may appear.

Excessive watering can cause rotting of the stem and roots.

The appearance of a drop of moisture on the tip of the leaf before the rain is an indicator of the very good state of health of the plant.

All poisonous poisonous - be careful.

Xanthosome home care

Height . It quickly reaches 1.5 - 2 m. Indoors, give her enough space to grow.

Temperature conditions . A heat-loving plant that can be maintained year-round at a temperature of about 20 ° C. Do not expose xanthosis to temperatures below 15 ° C.

Lighting . Place the xanthosis in a well-lit place, but avoid direct sunlight on the leaves of the plant - they will cause burns. Varieties with colored leaves require a bit more light to maintain color.

Care . Quite unpretentious plant. In the fall, light days are reduced and xanthozomes can go into a state of rest, while the entire aerial part of the plant dies. During the period of active growth, the plant constantly throws out new leaves, while the old ones die off and must be removed. It will look healthier if you place it outside in the summer, but do not forget to bring the plant into the house if the temperature drops below 13 ° WITH.

Substrate . Suitable soil with a high content of organic matter in the form of peat and leaf humus. Substrate should have good drainage.

Top dressing . During the growing season, fed every two weeks with complex fertilizers. Good for organic feedings.

Purpose . Xanthosome is suitable for landscaping large spaces.

Flowering time . From July to August, xanthosom may bloom indoors, but this is quite rare.

Air humidity . The plant needs spraying with soft water, you can also grow xanthosis using a special tray with a grid to increase the humidity.

Soil moisture . Water frequently and abundantly in spring and summer, when xanthosome is actively growing. The frequency of irrigation depends on the air temperature. In the fall, the frequency of watering is gradually reduced, and in winter, if the plant has dead leaves, simply keep the soil from drying out.

Transfer . Xanthosa can successfully be in the same soil for several years, but if you want to have a large healthy plant - replant it annually in the spring. After transplantation, it will start growing even faster. Xanthozoma tubers should be placed at a depth of about 5 cm.

Breeding . It is propagated in the spring by dividing the tubers with a sharp sterile knife. Branch root offspring. Rarely - sowing seeds.

Pests and diseases . The edges of the leaves darken when exposed to too much sun exposure or overdrying of soil and air. Sunburn Growth slows down, and new leaves become shallow with a lack of nutrients in the soil. With insufficient drainage the plant rots. Leaf spot. Mealybugs, red spider mites.

Note . Xanthosis can live for many years in room culture. Leaves and tubers of some species can be eaten, but in others they are poisonous and can even cause contact dermatitis.

Hydroponics .

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Plant description

Xanthosoma - a large ornamental deciduous plant, having beautiful large, green with white veins leaves that look like arrows.

This is a herbaceous perennial plant from the aroid family with a thick short stem and a coarse rhizome. The xantosome genus has approximately forty species, ten of which have become its cultural representatives. Among them the most common are the following types:

powerful (in height it can be up to one meter, with a dark upper part of the leaf and a light bottom),

Linder (with white lines on top of leaves up to 40 cm long),

purple (on top of her leaves are purple, below - with a blue tint),

dark green (large leaves, dark green in the middle, lighter at the edges) and other species. The xanthosoma in height can reach 1.5 m, the length of the leaves is 45 cm, and the width is 35 cm. Each of these leaves grows on a separate, long, grooved petiole. All leaves are leathery, divided into lobes, motley, often spotty.

Occasionally, the xanthosoma can produce inconspicuous flowers - they are small, do not have a perianth, are combined into a cob, which is enveloped in a kind of white, yellowish, mauve, light green or creamy veil of oblong or oval form that has grown together with it.

In the rooms xanthosome practically does not bloom. Its tubers and petioles are yellowish inside.

Placement, temperature, light

Half-shaded premises with a high level of humidity and a constant temperature of not less than +18 ° C are ideal conditions for maintaining the xanthosoma and maintaining its beautiful appearance and healthy state. In order for the plant to feel comfortable, it needs a sufficiently warm indoor temperature in winter, not lower than +15 ° C, and in hot periods it should be protected from direct sunlight. Xanthosoma loves lighting, but diffused light fits best for her.

Optimal substrate

For an xanthosoma, the soil is ideal, consisting of a mixture of turf land, peat, and leaf soil in equal parts with the addition of sand in an amount two times smaller than each of the main components. Approximately 20 g of ammonium nitrate, 10 g of potassium chloride and superphosphate are added to approximately 10 l of the mixture, because the plant needs soil rich in nutrients. Substrate should not be very saturated with moisture, without its stagnation. Also, for better air penetration into the soil, add small pieces of brick, dry mullein and charcoal. At the bottom of the pots need to drain the drainage layer.

Care features

Xantosome does not need special care. It should be watered moderately, especially in the winter, avoiding stagnant moisture for the plant. Abundant watering and frequent spraying of leaves are necessary for xantosome in a very hot period. Watering is best done in the first half of the day with separated water at room temperature. Young xanthosomes need to be transplanted every year, preferably in the spring, but older plants can carry out this procedure once every few years.

Reproduction of xanthosoma

Xantosome propagates by rhizome division. The root of the mother plant is divided into several parts, each part is planted in the soil, the composition of which is the same as for adult plants. For each separate part use a separate pot. But more often, the xanthosoma is propagated vegetatively with the help of root suckers formed from adventitious buds that are found on the mother plants.

The young processes are cut from the mother plant. Place the slices to sprinkle with charcoal. Cut off processes are planted in peat, which is pre-mixed with sand. For better development of the root system, it is necessary to maintain the temperature within + 20–24 ° С. When young xanthosoma begin to grow, they are transplanted into pots filled with a mixture for adult plants, consisting of peat, turf and leaf soil with the addition of sand. With one xanthosoma can be cut for the year to thirty shoots. After a month or two, they can green the room, and after a couple of months they themselves begin to appear their offspring, suitable for reproduction.

Growing problems

Xanthosoma likes a high enough temperature, but if you overdo it in this regard, then the edges of the leaves will start to dry and turn brown. In this case, all such leaves must be completely cut off and all measures taken to ensure that the xanthosoma has an increased level of moisture. If placed in bright sunlight, the leaves will begin to become covered with brown spots. After identifying the first signs, the xanthosoma must be rearranged to a more suitable place, bright, but not sunny. Yellowing the leaves without their apparent wilting indicates a deficiency of nutrients in the soil.

If water droplets appear on the tips of the leaves, then there is excessive humidity in the room. If the species xanthos with motley leaves, they become monotonous, then this should be regarded as a sign of insufficient lighting. With excessive moisture, the roots rot, and on the leaves there may appear signs of late blight - oily spots.

The plant must be treated with copper-soap solution, "Fundazole" or "Benlat" for the purpose of treatment. Sometimes xantosome leaves are affected by spider mites. If this happens, then it is necessary to urgently apply special insecticidal preparations against this pest.

With the right approach, the care of xanthosome will not present the slightest difficulty. This rather unpretentious plant will not bring any trouble if you know the simplest rules of its cultivation, and will be able to decorate the design of any room with its appearance.