Prunus belongs to those garden crops that are most often grown in order to independently evaluate its medicinal properties.
Since ancient times, people have used it to treat various diseases. In addition, the tree itself is not very whimsical and even a novice gardener will be able to grow it.
In this article we will consider the beneficial properties of black cherry, contraindications for use, and also talk about the use in traditional medicine
The composition of the berries of black cherry
The chemical composition of bird cherry is very diverse and rich. In addition, nutrients are contained not only in the fruits, but also in the leaves and even in the bark of this wonderful tree.
The composition of bird cherry includes the following substances:
- essential oils,
- malic and citric acid,
- fruit sugar,
- fruit pulp contains a lot of vitamin C, P,
- also in the berries are useful macro and micronutrientssuch as cobalt, manganese, copper, zinc, iron, magnesium,
- pectin, which is a lighter fiber analogue, should be noted separately,
- the leaves contain a lot of essential oils, aldehydes and a record amount of vitamin C,
- In addition to the nutrients, the cherry tree contains alkaloids, which, in case of overdose, can be dangerous to the body.
Useful and healing properties
The beneficial properties of bird cherry are recognized even at the scientific level. The rich chemical composition and a large amount of vitamins explain all its healing properties.
- Tannins that are part of the berries, have a fixing effect on the intestines. In folk medicine, these fruits are very often used to prepare remedies for diarrhea,
- Pectin is considered to be an analogue of fiber, thanks to which the bird cherry can improve the work of the intestine, the speed and completeness of absorption is normalized, thereby preventing the reproduction of putrefactive bacteria,
- Regular intake of drugs from the berries of bird cherry can strengthen the walls of blood vessels,
- Also, these fruits prevent cholesterol from being absorbed into the bloodstream and help eliminate harmful toxins,
- The rich composition of the fruit of the bird cherry can have a beneficial effect on the work of the immune system and strengthen the protective functions of the body,
- Properly prepared decoctions and tinctures of bark and leaves are an excellent diuretic and are used as adjuvants in treating kidneys,
- Prunus can relieve external and internal inflammation. Different parts of the tree are used when skin lesions appear, in addition to the anti-inflammatory effect, they contribute to the speedy regeneration of the damaged area,
- Bird cherry contributes to the secretion of sweat, and, accordingly, excess water begins to quickly leave the body,
- Another wonderful property is the ability to remove heavy metal salts from the body,
- Also, the bird cherry can get rid of a toothache,
- A decoction of the bark of this tree has antipyretic properties and is very effective in combating high temperatures,
- Men should know that regular use of bird cherry berries helps to eliminate harmful deposits from the genitourinary system and improves blood circulation in the genitals, which can lead to increased potency,
- Bird cherry is used not only in medicine, but also in cosmetology. Broths help to get rid of various wounds and inflammations, an excellent rejuvenating effect is also noted after using the mask from this component,
- Regular intake of the cherry fruit juice strengthens the nervous system, making a person more stress-resistant.
Contraindications to the use of bird cherry
In addition to the huge number of useful properties, there are some contraindications, in the presence of which it is worth refusing to use the bird cherry.
- It is not recommended to use a bird cherry in the presence of an allergy to the components included in its composition,
- Due to the fixing effect, the bird cherry is contraindicated in people prone to constipation,
- It is forbidden to eat bird cherry during pregnancy and during breastfeeding, because poisonous substances can be dangerous for a child.,
- Also, these berries can not be consumed by small children under the age of 3 years,
- A fairly high amount of fruit sugar makes the bird cherry a forbidden berry for people with type 2 diabetes.
Bird cherry harvesting and storage
For therapeutic purposes, use:
- ripe fruits - harvest time July-September,
- bark - early spring,
- leaves - at the beginning of summer,
- cherry flowers - in May.
Fruits for harvesting are cut with a brush in clear dry weather and dried, scattered in a thin layer, in the air or in dryers, ovens, ovens (at 40-50 °), stirring occasionally. After the raw material is cleaned, separating from the stalks, burnt fruit, stalks and impurities. The finished fruits are wrinkled black berries, rounded and elongated in shape, odorless, with a sweet-sour taste.
The bark is dried in a similar way - in the air or in the oven.
Cherry flowers are dried in the shade (outdoors).
Store raw materials should be in boxes or paper (or canvas) bags in dry ventilated areas: fruits - 3-5 years, bark - 5 years, flowers up to 1 year.
Application in everyday life
The ripe fruits of bird cherry are used to make drinks, tinctures and liqueurs, the juice is able to stain wine and confectionery. Cherry jam jam and syrup.
Powder is made from dried berries to be used as a filling for pies, for making tea and cooking kissel, and also for adding to rye and wheat flour to add flavor.
Durable hoops and woven baskets were made of flexible wood of young trunks. In Russia, even the bodies of carriages were weaved from the twigs of bird cherry.
Due to the large number of phytoncides in the bird cherry, it was used to scare away mosquitoes, flies, gadflies and ticks.
Previously, the bird cherry was used to obtain dye and dyeing the fabric - in brownish and green colors.
Often at home, the bird cherry is used as folk remedies for the treatment of various diseases - in wartime, it even made up for the lack of medicines.
Composition and therapeutic properties of bird cherry
Bird cherry has a wide range of applications in folk and official medicine due to the presence of many useful substances.
- Fruits, leaves, seeds and bark of a bird cherry contain glycosides (amygdalin and others), glucose, benzoic aldehyde, organic acids, phytoncides, coloring agents and vitamin C, fruits - also astringents, sugar, malic and citric acid.
- The broth from the bark of the bird cherry is a remedy with pronounced flow and diuretic properties used in the treatment of colds and fever.
- Bird-cherry decoction is recommended for heart diseases, severe headache and toothache, colds and fever.
- Bird cherry is used topically for dermatoses, furunculosis and muscular rheumatism (friction). Rowan juice juice heals purulent infected wounds and bedsores, and also serves as an antiemetic agent.
- The presence of tannins due to the knitting effect used in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, any etymology, bird-cherry is able to normalize metabolism.
- Flower infusion treats tuberculosis, inflammation of the mucous and caries, eye diseases - conjunctivitis and blepharitis (for their treatment use bird-cherry water - distilled fresh leaves with water vapor).
- Bird-cherry treat venereal diseases, whites in women, use it also as a contraceptive.
Infusion for cancer of the internal organs (old recipe)
Two tablespoons of crushed flowers, young shoots and dry bark should be poured into enameled dishes, pour boiling water (3 cups), wrap and leave to infuse for 6-8 hours. The resulting dark-colored liquid is filtered, squeezed raw materials, and taken before meals for half a glass three times a day.
Medicinal raw materials are the bark, color and fruit of the bird cherry ordinary.
The color is collected in May, dried, laid out on trays, in places without access to the sun. It is desirable that the room was well ventilated. Good summer terrace or glazed loggia.
The collected ripe fruits are dried in special dryers, ovens, keeping the temperature around 50˚С, or spreading them on trays in the open sun.
The bark is harvested in early spring, when the sap flow period begins. Dried in a natural way, decomposing the raw material in a dry, well-ventilated place, and ground to powder. You can keep the plant up to 5 years, during which the harvesting retains all its healing properties.
Fruits are rich in ascorbic acid, vitamin P, PP, carotene, flavonoids, tannins, which makes them viscous, with organic acids, mainly citric and malic, ether and pectin compounds, phytoncides, micro and makoelementami: magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, cobalt, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium. Bird cherry, as well as other stone fruit (apple, plum, cherry, apricot, cherry) contain amygdalin, a glycoside that leads to the formation of poisonous hydrocyanic acid in the human body. Therefore, the bones should not be eaten, especially in large quantities.
Therapeutic properties of bird cherry
Healing qualities can be divided into several groups:
- wound healing
Infusion of the fruits, due to its antiseptic properties, recommend rinsing the mouth and throat with sore throat, laryngitis, caries and stomatitis. This tool is used for douching for inflammation in the female genital area. Also, the infusion helps with purulent conjunctivitis, for which they wash their eyes.
When radiculitis is prepared, the tincture of bird cherry on vodka or alcohol, and use it for local grinding. Fragrant dried flowers are brewed as tea and drunk with a strong cough, ARVI and ORZ. Steamed petals help with bronchitis smoker, as well as reduce dependence on nicotine.
Broths, infusions and fresh fruits are used for diarrhea and various kinds of intestinal infections. Due to the high level of pectin in the fruits of bird cherry, which is an analogue of dietary fiber contained in cereals and vegetables, stimulation of the intestine occurs and its peristalsis increases. This helps cleanse the body of toxins, toxic and carcinogenic substances. Removing salts of heavy metals from tissues, preparations of bird cherry improves the condition of the joints. Therefore, the plant is recommended to include in the treatment regimens for gout, arthritis, arthrosis and rheumatism.
The presence of potassium and rutin helps to strengthen the walls of capillaries. Vitamin C and beta-carotene, as well as flavonoids, show potent antioxidant properties, which favorably affects the release of cells from oxidative stress caused by the constant presence of free radicals. Antioxidant substances protect the body against cancer and slow down the aging process. Also, these vitamins play an important role in nutrition and enhance the immune system.
Preparations of the bird cherry, and from all its parts: the bark, leaves, fruits, flowers, heals the organs of the urinary system, and are prescribed for nephritis. Potassium, bitterness and some of the essential oils in bird cherry have a beneficial effect on the condition of the kidneys. A decoction of bird cherry bark is prescribed as a diuretic for chronic and inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and cardiovascular system, in particular for hypertension.
Traditional medicine advises to prepare sweet compote from berries of bird cherry, which increases masculine strength and soothes the nervous system.
Strengthen the body and improve the immune system will help tea from the leaves of the bird cherry, especially in combination with black currant leaves and forest raspberries. Dried raw materials of these plants in equal proportions to brew as tea and take a glass twice a day, preferably simultaneously with a tablespoon of flower or meadow honey. Honey to drink a bit of sugar, as when heated, it loses most of its healing properties.
This wonderful tree with its exceptional color and extraordinary fruits is a real garden polyclinic, which you can turn to all year round for help. The main thing is to prepare this medicinal plant in a timely manner and not be lazy to prepare healing elixirs.
Bird cherry nutritional value
Bird cherry can bring ipolz, and harm to human health, which affects the multi-component composition of this plant. In addition to essential oils, it also boasts in its composition a large number of polysaccharides (cellulose, starch), tannins (they work well with diarrhea), flavonoids (possess antibacterial action, powerful antioxidants) and vitamin C.As part of the bird cherry there is also a wide variety of organic acids, the production of which together with food helps to normalize the acid-base environment of the human body. It is also worth noting that its regular use contributes to the diuretic and choleretic effect.
It is worth paying attention to the calorie cherry, which is equal to 100.8 Kcal per 100 g of product. Thus, despite the medicinal effect, the berries of the bird cherry are not capable of affecting the weight. The amount of carbohydrates in them is also small - only 16.8 g, and proteins - 8.4 g.
Useful properties of cherry fruit
The medicinal properties of cherry fruit cover a fairly large range of diseases. Their regular use improves the condition of the stomach walls, thereby preventing the likelihood of developing gastritis and ulcers. But the decoctions of the berries are used for colds, and even malaria. The effectiveness of such a decoction is noted even with rheumatism.Directly by the juice of the berries, often purulent wounds are treated, which conventional medicines cannot cope with. In addition to the healing effect, the juice helps in the first stages of treatment to cope with the inflammatory process and stops it.
Useful properties of leaves and flowers of bird cherryThe use of cherry leaves is even more widespread than the application of its fruits. In particular, they also help with diarrhea. It is very useful to use them in connection with high saturation of vitamins (including vitamin C), which helps to fight even with serious stages of beriberi.
Cherry leaf infusions are useful for coughing, bronchitis and even for treating tuberculosis. Found leaves and external use - in the formation of purulent wounds or boils to the inflamed places it is recommended to simply apply the leaves or smear the juice from them. The infusion of leaves helps with caries and stomatitis, for which it should be used daily to rinse the mouth.
Medicinal properties of cherry flowers are especially valuable in medicine, as they have the ability to reduce inflammation and reduce body temperature. Antimicrobial agents are made from flowers, as well as lotions for inflamed mucous eyes. Infusions of flowers can even affect the body as an analgesic, so they are used for rheumatism and gout.
Useful properties of bird cherry barkThe curative properties of the bird cherry bark are the most controversial, since under certain conditions it can produce hydrocyanic acid, which is a rather dangerous substance that is poisonous to the human body. But despite this, tinctures from the bark of the bird cherry are used as an excellent diaphoretic for colds, which also allows you to quickly normalize body temperature.
Bird cherry has a diuretic property, and is also used to treat rheumatism (like all other parts of this plant). Rubbing the scalp with bark infusion helps combat parasites such as lice.
The use of bird cherry in cosmetologyIn cosmetology, bird cherry is used no less intensively than in medicine. Especially successful chemical composition of the fruit of the bird cherry helps to cope with acne. For this purpose, it is recommended to just squeeze the juice from the berries and periodically wipe their face with it.
But helps bird cherry with more complex skin diseases, such as various dermatitis. To do this, three times a day, 30 minutes before a meal, it is recommended to take a third of a glass of infusion from the bird cherry bark. It is prepared as follows: 10 g of tree bark is poured with a glass of boiling water and held on water vapor for half an hour. After that, the resulting infusion is filtered and diluted to the original volume of liquid. Against sunburn will help four-day infusion of a tablespoon of cherry flowers in 100 ml of vodka. Infusion simply wipe problem areas.
Recently, bird cherry flowers have also become an excellent panacea for combating dry skin and the appearance of wrinkles. To prevent such a condition, it is recommended to wash the infusion from the flowers of the plant, which must first be boiled with boiling water for half an hour (1 cup of spoon requires 1 cup of boiling water).
The use of bird cherry in cookingБогатый химический состав черемухи позволяет использовать это растение как один из компонентов блюд. In particular, in cooking, its fruits are most often used, from which compotes, alcoholic liquors, fillings for pies, jams, kissels and even kvass are prepared. At the same time, both fresh and dried berries are excellent for cooking. Dry bird cherry is often ground to a powdery state, which subsequently allows you to add it to wheat flour and bake flavored cakes.
Harvesting and storage of cherry fruit
Due to the presence of a large number of medicinal properties of cherry fruit, as well as its leaves and bark, this plant is recommended to be timely collected and harvested for the winter period. Cherry flowers are picked right at the beginning of the flowering period, when all the flowers on the inflorescence have fully opened. At the same time it is important not to tear off all the brushes with flowers, but to thin them out on a tree or a bush, so that later you can wait for the fruits. Dried flowers in a place protected from direct sunlight.As for the berries of the bird cherry, they should be started at the stage when they are fully ripe, that is, they lose their original tartness and become sweeter. It is necessary to pick fruits together with the stem and, in the same condition, dry in a warm oven, gradually raising the temperature from 40 to 60 ° C. After complete drying, the berries can be removed from the stalks and placed in a glass container, which should be tightly closed (but do not roll up!).
In this state, the fruit of the bird cherry can be stored for 2 years without losing its beneficial properties. Dry berries are used for making compotes, jelly, fruit drinks and even jelly.
What looks like a bird cherry
Sometimes the bird cherry is a large shrub, sometimes it grows like a tree, reaching up to 10 m in height. Thick crown consists of ovate or oblong leaves, pointed at the edges.
The plant blooms in May and June, releasing brushes of white flowers, exuding a strong sweetish aroma - it is during this period that the easter cherry tree is the easiest to recognize. The berries of the tree are round, black, usually no more than 1 cm in diameter, they appear on the branches in July – August.
Chemical composition and caloric content
The energy value of the berries of the bird cherry is low, because 100 g of fruit contains only 101 calories. But on the other hand, not only carbohydrates in the amount of 16.8 g are present here, but also proteins - their volume is 8.4 g. There are no fats in the fruits of the plant.
The benefit of a bird cherry is caused by its vitamin structure. In the berries of the plant contains:
- Vitamin C in considerable volumes
- the main trace elements - magnesium, zinc, iron and copper,
- Vitamin P or Rutin
- relatively rare cobalt and manganese,
- malic and citric acid,
- polysaccharides and phytoncides.
What is useful bird cherry
Thanks to its rich composition, the bird cherry benefits the whole body. In particular, the plant:
- It helps well in gastrointestinal disorders due to its astringent properties,
- effectively relieves inflammation
- quickly stops diarrhea,
- lowers fever, has diuretic and diaphoretic properties,
- strengthens the vessels and the heart
- relieves toothache and helps with angina.
These healing effects have all parts of the plant - fruits, flowers, leaves and bark.
Berries - the most valuable part of the plant. Their advantage lies in the fact that the fruits or infusions based on them:
- soothe the toothache and discomfort in the gums,
- disinfect wounds and abrasions,
- promote healing of injuries
- with diarrhea have a fixing effect
- eliminate nausea.
Useful properties of leaves and flowers
Flowers and leaves of bird cherry also have a healing effect on the body. Namely:
- help with indigestion and diarrhea,
- treat colds and coughs,
- relieve inflammation and pain during stomatitis and caries,
- lower the temperature.
In addition, infusions based on them will be of great benefit during periods of lack of vitamins - in winter and spring. Leaves make healing compresses for open wounds and ulcers.
Berries plants are useful not only in fresh form - dried, they fully retain all the valuable properties. There is an interesting feature - dried fruits are slightly more nutritious than fresh berries, because they contain 108 calories per 100 g.
The main advantage of dried cherry before fresh is that dry berries are stored longer - up to 1 year.
Is it possible to bird cherry pregnant and breastfeeding
The benefit of the bird cherry is indisputable, but the damage from it can be considerable - due to the content of natural poisons in the plant, in particular, hydrocyanic acid. For a healthy body in small doses, this substance is safe - but a pregnant woman and the more fetus can be damaged.
In addition, the berries provoke increased contractions of the uterus, and this threatens with miscarriage or premature birth. Therefore, when carrying a child from the bird cherry it is better to abstain.
You should not eat berries and drinks based on them during lactation - the plant can cause allergies in the baby.
Cherry recipes in traditional medicine
The benefit of a bird cherry makes it a valuable plant for traditional medicine. It is often found in homeopathic remedies and dietary supplements. And of course, the bird cherry is actively used in home treatment for diseases:
- stomach and intestines,
- respiratory tract and skin,
- kidney and genitourinary system,
- teeth and gums.
Several recipes are the most popular in traditional medicine.
Bird cherry broth
A simple decoction of berries, bark or leaves is a universal healing tool that helps with a wide range of ailments - from colds to gastric disorders.
It is prepared very quickly - pitted fruits, leaves or bark are poured with boiling water in a small amount (1:10), and then boiled for 20 minutes and left to stand for 2 hours. Drink a few sips twice a day.
Bird cherry infusion
Berry infusion brings special benefits when coughing, sore throat, stomatitis, quickly stops diarrhea.
The infusion of flowers is famous for its disinfecting properties - they wash well purulent wounds.
For cooking, you need to pour the berries without stones or flowers of the plant with boiling water and leave under the lid for at least 8 hours, and then filter. Infusion can be used to rinse and treat injuries, or drink 3-4 sips twice a day.
Alcohol-based therapeutic agent can be prepared from both bark and berries.
- To prepare a disinfectant and warming tincture, take 50 g of bark, and then pour it with a glass of vodka and leave to stand for 3 weeks. The finished product is treated with wounds and rubbed back or limbs.
- For tincture of gastric disorders take two handfuls of berries, of which the seeds are previously removed, pour them with vodka and stand for 2 weeks in a dark place. The finished product drink a few drops before a meal, no more than three times a day.
Cherry Blossom Tea
From the flowers of the plant you can brew flavored tea, which will strengthen the immune system and will have a tonic effect. All that is needed is to pour a handful of dried flowers with boiling water and wait a few minutes for the drink to infuse.
Flowers can be added to classic teas, combined with raspberries and strawberries, and other herbal preparations.
What can be cooked from bird cherry
The fruits of the plant are used not only for medicinal purposes, but also for culinary purposes.
- From the pulp of the berries you can make a lot of tasty and healthy drinks - bird cherry compote, fresh juice diluted with water, jelly.
- Berries are suitable for making vitamin jam and jams.
- Often the bird cherry can be found in the baking composition - the berries serve as an unusual, but tasty filling.
- Sometimes even kvass is made from the fruit.
The benefits of flour from bird cherry
Dried berries are used to create bird-cherry flour. Interestingly, the bone is not extracted from the fruit - in a dried form, it can no longer harm, but it gives the flour an unusual almond flavor.
The benefit of bird flour is that any pastry based on it - pancakes, pies, muffins or bread - acquires anti-inflammatory, soothing and tonic properties.
Contraindications and harm of bird cherry
Although the benefit of bird cherry is unconditional, this plant has many contraindications. For example, you can not use berries, leaves, bark and flowers:
- with individual allergies,
- during pregnancy and lactation,
- with hypertension,
- if you have a tendency to constipation,
- with type II diabetes.
The plant will be harmful for children up to 3 years.
Use fresh berries, bird cherry jam and any drinks based on it should be with caution. The substance amygdalin, contained in the leaves, bark, flowers and seeds of the plant, can cause severe poisoning in overdose.
The benefits and harm of bird cherry can be about the same. The plant strengthens the body and helps in the treatment of many diseases, but it remains quite poisonous - to use it in large portions is strictly prohibited.
Botanical characteristics of bird cherry
Bird cherry belongs to the Rosaceae family, is a tree or a large deciduous shrub, the trunk and branches of which are covered with a dark-colored matte bark. The plant possesses regular elliptical leaves with short petioles. In May and June fragrant white flowers appear, collected in drooping brushes. From August to September ripen black pitted fruits with astringent sweet taste. Bird cherry planted in gardens, squares is a beautiful ornamental and medicinal plant.
In nature, bird cherry is found in forest and forest-steppe zones. Habitat is quite wide - Ukraine, Morocco (Africa), the Caucasus, Central Asia, Western Siberia and the European part of Russia.
Useful properties of bird cherry
The excellent properties of bird cherry have been used by people for a long time. From generation to generation, valuable recipes for the preparation of various drugs for the treatment of diseases are transmitted. The bark, leaves, flowers and fruits of the plant are of great value for the treatment of many diseases. The bark is cut in early spring in small strips from several trees carefully so as not to cause harm. Brushes with berries collected in July-September. Fragrant flowers are harvested in May.
In the composition of the bark and leaves there is prussic acid (in the bark of 0.09%, in the leaves of 0.05%), benzoic aldehyde, therefore, the phytoncidal properties of decoctions and infusions are observed. Fruits differ in the content of ascorbic, malic and citric acids, rutin, anthocyanin, flavonoids, sugars and essential oils. Kernels of seeds are rich in fatty oil, amygdalin, prulaurazine, prunazin. In the plant there are tannins, the action of which helps to reduce inflammation.
Due to organic acids, the bird cherry helps to normalize the acid-base environment in the human body. Phytoncides provide antimicrobial qualities of the plant, flavonoids contribute to the diuretic and choleretic effect.
Fruits and leaves of bird cherry
Bird cherry leaves emit phytoncides that help purify the air and destroy pathogens and small insects. In case of bruises and abscesses, the leaves are applied to the lesions, which significantly reduces pain. The mature fruits of the bird cherry have a fixing effect on diarrhea, have bactericidal properties, saturate the body with vitamins, strengthen the immune system, and normalize the bowels. They are used in cooking - fresh, dried and in powder form.
Prunus loves well-moistened soils, sunny places, different bitter, intoxicating scent of flowers. It propagates by seeds, cuttings and layering. This unique plant is a natural pharmacy, the presence of many useful substances allows you to use it productively in traditional medicine and homeopathy. If you rub the leaves of bird cherry, then the release of volatile production (volatile aromatic substances) increases, this contributes to the destruction of pathogens and infections, mold and fungi.
Indications for use of decoctions and infusions of leaves, bark, flowers and branches of bird cherry can be cold, bronchitis, cystitis, inflammatory processes in the joints. Broth leaves acts as an expectorant.
The white bird cherry is undemanding to soils, it is distinguished by high yields, therefore gardeners began to cultivate it on their plots. Beekeepers place their apiaries near the groves, where the bird cherry grows in large quantities. This plant is a wonderful honey plant. The vitamins C, P and E contained in it, iron, zinc, manganese, cobalt, copper and other useful substances will keep health and help cure many diseases.
Diseases of the lungs are treated with decoctions of flowers and fragrant cherry leaves, they are brewed and drunk as a pleasant aromatic and healing tea. Essential vitamins and trace elements - such as citric and malic acids, sugar, tannins - as well as rare elements of titanium, molybdenum and strontium are well preserved in dry fruits, in some cases they help to improve the condition while reducing the activity of the systems and deteriorating organs.
Bird cherry red
Few people know that the bird cherry is red, it also pleases with beauty and fragrant smell. The tree blooms seven days later than the bird cherry and blooms longer. The inflorescences are larger and more fluffy, and the taste of the berries is different. Traditional medicine convinces many examples in practice that the red bird cherry is very good for health. Its bactericidal and anti-inflammatory properties are used to destroy the pathogenic microflora.
Red cherry berries help in the treatment of the stomach and intestines. In fresh form and as decoctions, they are used as an astringent. Bark, leaves, flowers and berries brew and take with bronchitis and cough.
Contraindications to the use of bird cherry
It must be remembered that with prolonged infusion of berries and bark of the bird cherry, the glycoside amygdalin is decomposed and hydrocyanic acid is formed - a toxic substance, therefore, preparations made from bird cherry should not be stored for a long time. Bird cherry is contraindicated in pregnancy and children up to two years of age. It is not recommended to decorate the premises with bouquets of cherry flowers: there may be dizziness or allergies because of the aroma, because the flowers and leaves contain an increased amount of phytoncids.
Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).
Bird cherry in folk medicine
The healing properties of bird cherry can not be overestimated. A large amount of vitamins and fortifying properties of the plant allow its use in the treatment of scurvy.
For the treatment of atherosclerotic diseases in the complex therapy, decoctions, infusions, and bird cherry flour are used. The active substances of this plant clean the vessels of the so-called bad cholesterol.
The use of drugs on the basis of bird cherry will help strengthen the heart muscle. Bird cherry is an excellent prophylactic agent for heart muscle degeneration and the threat of a heart attack.
The medicinal properties of bird cherry in folk medicine are also used to treat infectious and catarrhal diseases. In this case, apply water and alcohol infusions of flowers and berries of bird cherry. They are buried in the nose, rinse throat, take inside. These drugs are purified from pathogenic flora, restore mucous membranes.
Medicinal properties of cherry flowers
Bird cherry blooms, as a rule, in May. It blooms very fragrant white flowers, with the unusual smell of amygdalin. It is enhanced by rubbing flowers that are collected in the inflorescence - a small drooping brush, 10–15 cm in size. A lot of them are formed during the flowering period, and it seems that the tree is literally strewn with them.
The flower has a five-petal halo with five sepals. Inside each halo are twenty stamens and one pistil. The therapeutic properties of cherry flowers are due to their chemical composition. They contain a huge amount of phytoncides, which are detrimental to germs. There is a popular belief that it takes a few minutes to stand under a blossoming bird cherry tree, and the nascent disease retreats, without developing further.
The healing properties of cherry flowers are used to make infusions that greatly alleviate the condition of a patient with pulmonary tuberculosis. In addition, infusions and decoctions can be used for washing wounds, bedsores, ulcers, abrasions.
The medicinal properties of flowers of bird cherry can be used for preparation by distillation using steam, bird cherry water. This is an excellent treatment for eye diseases. Use it in the form of lotions.
Bird cherry bark is a very valuable raw material. Its therapeutic properties are used as a diuretic, antifebrile, antipyretic and diaphoretic. Bark cherry contains substances that have a tonic and sedative effect. These properties of the plant allow the use of infusions and decoctions of its bark as an additional therapeutic agent in the treatment of heart disease and headache relief.
Листья черемухи окрашены в ярко-зеленый цвет, поочередно расположенные, с коротким черешком. Верхняя часть листовой пластины матовая, немного морщинистая, а нижняя часть сизоватая. The leaves are shaped like an elongated ellipse, ranging in size from 8 to 15 centimeters. They have a pointed tip and jagged edges, brownish-red glands are visible at the tips.
In folk medicine, and bird cherry leaves are used. Their medicinal properties are used for the manufacture of decoctions, alcohol tinctures and tinctures. They are recommended for the same indications as the bark of the plant. A decoction of leaves perfectly cleanses the skin from boils, purulent acne is used as an expectorant and for rinsing sore throats, as well as for the treatment and prevention of periodontal disease in the initial stages.
Brilliant black drupes (cherries) of bird cherry are a unique healing tool. Like the leaves, flowers, and cherry bark, they contain flavonoids. In addition, the berries of the bird cherry are valuable due to the presence of acids in them: citric, hloragenovoy, malic. They found vitamin C, carotene, carbohydrates (pectin and sugar).
Traditional healers claim that amygdalin contained in the berries of the bird cherry helps to fight cancer. True, there is no scientific confirmation of this yet.
Use of berries
Cherry fruits have a tart taste, which is explained by the content of a large number of binders that are necessary for the digestive system. In addition, the bird cherry has a mild choleretic effect. This property of the plant allows to cope with the stagnation of bile in the bile ducts and bladder.
The medicinal properties of bird cherry are successfully used to stimulate the pancreas. Cherry broth or compote with its berries stop diarrhea. Pectins allow you to gently remove toxins from the intestines, while not causing cramps and constipation. Anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties of the plant are used in the treatment of many diseases of the urinary system.
For the treatment of cystitis recommended decoctions of flowers and berries. Very effective extracts of bird cherry with pyelonephritis. They not only expel sand from the kidneys, but also heal damaged canal sheaths and do not allow pathogenic microflora to develop.
Fresh cherry fruit juice, mixed with honey, is used for metabolic disorders. For this you need to dissolve a spoon of honey in half a glass of juice. This composition is taken three times a day before meals.
The use of bird cherry in cosmetology
And in cosmetology has found the use of bird cherry. Medicinal properties and contraindications of this plant are well studied today, so it is used in many areas. Valuable substances contained in bird cherry, stimulate the production of collagen. Cosmetic masks with the juice of this plant smooth fine wrinkles, tighten loose skin.
The combination of vitamin C and the tightening properties of a plant can deeply clean and narrow pores. To get rid of furunculosis and acne, it is necessary to lubricate the affected areas with the juice of cherry fruit. It should dry on the face, and then a warm compress from a decoction of flowers is applied on top. Such procedures rejuvenate the skin, cleanse sebum, relieve inflammation.
Perfectly suited for removing makeup lotions based on infusion and bird cherry juice. Organic acids contained in the plant, perfectly cleanse the skin and relieve irritation caused by the use of cosmetics. With the juice of the fruit of this plant can be acid peels of the skin. It is applied in several layers. Acids exfoliate dead cells, well cleanse the skin, nourishing it with minerals and vitamins.
The ground bird cherry crust is a very soft scrub that can be used daily.
Infusion of flowers
Pour 500 ml of boiling water 20 grams of flowers cherry. Close the container with a lid and let it brew for a quarter of an hour. After that, the composition can be cooled and filtered. Infusion is effective for the treatment of diseases of the lungs and bronchi, diarrhea in children, as well as for external use for acne, furunculosis.
Two spoons of dry raw materials (table) must be poured with boiling water (750 ml) in a glass or enamel bowl. Cover the container well and let it sit for seven hours. Then the infusion should be filtered and you can take it half a cup before meals three times a day. Infusion is a powerful diuretic.
Infusion of fruits
Pour 20 grams of cherry fruit with boiling water (500 ml) in a thermos. Let it brew for at least 12 hours. Use infusion to treat diarrhea, gastritis and colitis in a third cup three times a day.