Bulb flowers are considered one of the most attractive representatives of the flora. This group of plants is suitable for cultivation in the garden and home conditions, early forcing. Flower growers appreciate them for their unpretentious nature, but individual varieties require special care. The bulbous flowers of the photo and the names of which you will learn from the materials of the article will delight in the early spring immediately after the snow melts, will be given a lush bloom in the summer and will complement the autumn picture with bright colors. Indoor representatives often bloom in winter, diluting the overcast snow-white landscape. The article will tell about the most popular onion crops, the nuances of their cultivation.
Bulb flowers - a general characteristic of crops
Bulbous cultures are called members of the family Amaryllis, Lily, Iris, Onion, Hyacinthus, as well as their subfamilies. This plant combines the presence of an underground storage organ - bulbs.
If you cut an onion, we see that it is a modified shoot that grows under the ground. The flat stem forms the bottom, and the fleshy, modified leaves form scales.
External scales perform a protective function, protecting the bulb from damage of the fungus. Dense fleshy inner layer scales are used for storing nutrients that are necessary for wintering. Renal buds (above-ground shoots) and daughter onions develop from the sinuses of the modified leaves. Thus, the bulb serves not only as a repository, but also as a body for vegetative propagation.
Corms are an overgrown underground part of the stem, so they do not have the characteristic storage scales. The tubercle above is covered with a layer of dead leaves, which also performs a protective function. Above there are several points of growth, the children are formed near the base, top or side. Such underground "repositories" are characteristic of gladioli, crocus, freesia, autumn crocus.
Flower growers do not make a clear distinction, attributing tuber bulbous and bulbous plants to one category, because the technology of cultivation and care for them are not much different. Botanists believe that the bulbotube species occupy an intermediate position between the bulbous and rhizomatous representatives of the flora.
Plants with underground "storage" can bloom in early spring, summer, autumn and even in winter (at home), the duration of budding varies from several days to a month. Low-growing representatives of the flora perfectly decorate the alpine slide, rockeries, team multi-tiered flower bed. Tall plants will become the center of a lawn composition, forming a bright spot against the background of greenery, shrubs. They are good and as a spectacular background of any flower beds.
Garden perennials with different periods of flowering - spring (primroses), summer and autumn flowering
Garden representatives of various families, forming an underground storage organ, have many faces. Primroses are considered the most common group, but there are species that bloom in summer and even in autumn. Each flower is different from the fellow appearance and has some features of agricultural technology. Let us consider the species diversity of garden perennials.
Early spring bulbous flowers (primroses)
Primroses or ephemeroids are plants with a very short growing season. They bloom in early spring, pleasing the eye and attracting pollinators to the garden. After flowering leaves remain for some time, which helps to postpone a supply of food for wintering. When the leaves die, the vital functions inside the onions do not cease. The underground organ actively builds up mass, lays flower stalks and forms children, so that in the next season to rejoice the gardener with bright colors.
The popularity of primroses due to unpretentious nature, winter hardiness. But some species require special care and storage technology of the bulbs. Among primroses, the following cultures are particularly popular:
- snowdrop (galantus),
- anemone (anemone),
- Crocus (saffron),
- scilla (scilla),
Galanthus is the earliest representative of primroses, its snow-white buds literally peep from the remains of snow cover. The snowdrop belongs to the Amaryllis family, there are 18 species in the genus, about 250 hybrid forms have been developed.
A perennial ephemeroid has a very short growing season. The onion consists of three flakes, the diameter of the head is 2-3 cm, the rest period lasts 9 months. Bush forms 2-3 lanceolate leaves that appear simultaneously with the buds. The surface of the plates is shiny or wax coated. Flower small 1.5-3 cm long, tolerates frost down to -10⁰C. The corolla consists of two rows of petals - three outer snow-white, oval, and three inner wedge-shaped, have a green spot at the base. Aroma attractive, but subtle. Inside the three-chamber box there are few seeds. The seed is supplied with an appendage, spread by ants.
Galanthus easily propagated by seeds and children, gives self-seeding. Heads are planted in the fall in a well-lit flat, eliminating the stagnation of water. Snowdrops are not afraid of fluctuations in the temperature of the background, hardy. They need a loose nutrient substrate, in the spring I require moisture. Potash-phosphate supplement is applied once to the decay of the deciduous mass. Transplantation carried out every 5-6 years.
Spring anemone are of botanical and hybrid origin. The simple structure of the corolla does not make the anemone less attractive. The fluffy middle of the flower consists of many stamens and pistils. It is framed by simple oval petals, in an amount of from 5 to 20 or more. The diameter of the corolla is 3-5 cm, in the crown-shaped anemones up to 8 cm. The flowers are simple or double, gathered in a loose umbrella inflorescence. The height of the bushes from 30-50 cm. The palette is very diverse.
Hybrid varieties have low winter hardiness, require reliable shelter. Grow well under the canopy of trees and shrubs, prefer a loose organic substrate with a neutral environment. Do not tolerate excess moisture, drought-resistant. Transplantation is carried out once every 8-10 years, because the anemone does not tolerate it well. Curtain is prone to rapid proliferation, it is recommended to dig in a slate or plastic stopper.
Crocus is the indigenous inhabitant of Africa, the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe. This bulbous bulb species belongs to the Iris family. Onions reach a diameter of 3 cm, form a basal bundle of linear or lanceolate leaflets. Often, flowering begins before the appearance of green. Corollas are large funnel-shaped, composed of 6 petals.
The color is blue, blue, lilac, snow-white, orange, yellow. Bright stigmas of yellow or orange color have long been used as a spice called saffron. The period of decorativeness falls on early spring, but some species bloom in autumn. The period of decorativeness lasts 2-3 weeks.
Onions of spring species are planted in the fall before frost. Nests are seated every 3 years. Depth seeding 2-3 onion height. The soil should be well structured, contain organics. Special care culture is not needed. Pick a sunny site where the meltwater does not stay long. Reproduction kids and seeds.
Hionodoksu called snow beauty. The motherland of exotic is mountainous areas of Turkey. The genus is included in the Proleskie family. Small onions produce two leaves, 6-8 cm long and about 20 mm wide. The height of the bush 8-20 cm, 10 cm long flower stalk. Floral brushes contain 2-3 stars of blue pink or blue color with a sparkling snow-white center. Bud diameter up to 35 mm. The period of decorative 3-4 weeks.
Have hionodoksy in openwork partial shade or in the open sun. Kutinki grow quickly, require transplantation every 4-5 years. The culture is hardy, resistant to drought, but during the flowering period it needs moderate watering and application of potash-phosphate fertilizers. Loves loose nutrient substrates.
Scilla (Scylla) is a genus of herbaceous perennials from the Asparagus family. The genus includes about 90 species that can be found on the meadows and mountain slopes of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Blue, pink, white or blue stars are gathered in loose brushes. The image of Scylla is complemented by long stamens, leaves are few. Ephemeroid prefers penumbra and good drainage.
Scilla is undemanding to care. In the autumn they make a complete mineral complex, in the spring they water it if necessary. When planting the soil is enriched with humus, compost. Scylla is reproduced by self-sowing or by children, the nests are transplanted every 5 years.
Iridodictum is a rather rare guest of flower beds from Turkey, Iran, and the Caucasus. The genus is included in the Iris family. Long lanceolate leaves have 3-4 faces. Flowers outwardly resemble irises, color from white to purple, the aroma is delicate, exquisite. Buds appear before the development of deciduous mass.
It is undemanding to the soil, drought-resistant, but often suffers from winter thaws, so autumnal landings are recommended to be mulched with peat. Iridodictum prefers open sunny areas. In regions with abundant summer precipitation, it is recommended to dig up heads after falling into a period of rest, and to plant them in a permanent place in the fall. Does without transplant up to 5 years.
Muscari looks like a tiny hyacinth with small drooping bells. For this he was nicknamed the mouse hyacinth. Also found the name Viper onion. Bells are assembled in dense brushes, color rims blue, purple, white. The aroma is saturated with notes of musk. Bush height 10-30 cm, there are terry forms.
Winter hardiness and unpretentious nature made Muscari favorite gardeners. In the spring they bring organic matter, they monitor a sufficient amount of moisture in the soil. Muscari demanding irrigation, loves the sun. Winters without shelter, seating every 5 years. Over the season, the onion gives a lot of tiny babies, so next year the curtain will expand.
Pushkin is a small-bulbous relative of Scylla and Hyacinth. Growth bush 15-20 cm, fleshy foliage, rosette. The flowers resemble the buds of the splash, but near the pharynx they have a small crown. The color of the corolla is white or blue. The hyacinth Pushkinia has stellate buds with a blue vein, while the Prolesaceae have bell-shaped buds. Agrotechnology is similar to the cultivation of Scylla, but for the winter planting they mulch with peat to a height of 5 cm.
Late spring bulbous plants
Following the ephemeroids, the garden is flooded with bright colors of late-flowering spring perennials. They also stand out for their high decorative characteristics, but they delight flower growers with longer flowering periods. The brightest representatives of this group include:
These representatives of the flora require special supervision, we will consider in more detail the description and characteristics of agricultural engineering.
The poultry bird comes from the Mediterranean, Africa, Asia. It belongs to the family of Hyacinths. The height of the bush varies from variety to short-growing individuals 20-30 cm tall, large representatives reach 80 cm. The decorative period is 2-3 weeks, it comes to the end of May. Linear leaves are collected in basal rosettes, have a lighter vein in the center. They appear before the inflorescences, sometimes go green under the snow. The corollas of small flowers are like stars. Inflorescences loose brush or shield. On the white or yellowish petals outside passes the green vein. Botanical species and hybrid forms are used in culture.
The poultry doctor has low soil composition, but needs good drainage. Winters without shelter. In the autumn or early spring, the bushes are fed with organic matter, minerals, trying to reduce the dose of nitrogen. Transplant every 4-6 years, the plot is sunny or partial shade.
Hazel grouse is the real king of the flower bed. Perennials differ in height and structure of inflorescence. Large flowers are shaped like tulips, but are arranged in rows on a spike. The low chess hawks with an interesting color of the buds are beautiful, and their tall imperial relatives will become a real highlight of the garden. Imperial Grouse looks like a strange palm with a long, bare peduncle. At the top of the stem there is a bunch of lanceolate leaves and one or two rows of 6 bright orange, yellow, and red buds. Umbrellas stay on the stalk for up to 20-30 days.
Hazel grouper needs a soft rich soil, a plot in light penumbra, where there is no stagnant water. Landing is carried out in the fall to a depth of 20 cm. A safe shelter will be organized for the winter. Grouse demanding watering and fertilizing, the site must be mulched. Without transplantation, exotic grows up to 4 years old, reproduces by children, bulb division, seeds.
Tulip familiar to every florist. This undemanding perennial plant has long adorns our gardens. The goblet flowers on the long hollow peduncles are of the most unexpected colors. Terry forms, parrot, pion-shaped, lilian-colored are magnificent. Variety varieties will satisfy even the most demanding taste.
Pick an even, well-lit plot. Tulip does not tolerate sour soils, take care to make dolomite flour or lime six months before disembarking. Enrich the earth with organic matter (humus, peat, compost). Planting dates depend on the climatic zone and variety. The optimal time comes in the middle of autumn.
Every year onion dug after flowering, divide. Withstand before planting, gradually reducing the temperature background of the store to 9-10 ° C. This is done to bookmark the flower buds. Top dressing is made three times per season, watering is carried out with insufficient amount of natural precipitation. Some varieties require shelter for the winter.
Narcissus is a European guest from the Amaryllis family. Breeders gave the world more than 12 thousand varieties. Simple cultivars have a corolla of 6 petals, which surrounds a small skirt-crown in the center. The leaves are ribbon-like, of various lengths. Size, degree of terry, color of the petals, the height of the peduncle, the period of budding depends on the variety. The palette of petals and crowns is white, yellow, peach, orange, pink. Daffodils bloom in late spring or early summer.
In the shade, the intensity of budding is lower, therefore a sunny place is preferable. Put the head so that they take root until the cold. After disembarking, moderate watering and cover with spruce branches are recommended. Daffodils are demanding to fertilizer - fertilizing is made every 2 weeks. It is necessary to water moderately, during budding the narcissus needs more moisture. Seating is carried out every 3-5 years. Reproduction by children, the seed method is used only for breeding purposes.
Perennial bulbous flowers with summer flowering periods
Specimens blooming in the summer, have stunning beauty. Due to the high decoration and long budding, they can be used to decorate any flower garden, a combined flower bed, a mixborder, or to supplement a group planting. Other Letnik and perennials that bloom at the same time or closer to autumn will become good neighbors of the Letne-flowering individuals. Gardeners consider the most popular and beautiful representatives of this group:
- montbrecium (croxomy),
- garden lilies,
Montbretia (Croxomy) is a South African guest from the Iris family. A large representative of the flora reaches a height of 60-150 cm. The foliage is thick, xiphoid, up to 60 cm long. The racemes have up to 10 buds resembling tiny gladioli. The palette includes shades of scarlet, orange, yellow and white. The period of decorativeness falls on the second half of the summer, lasts 20-30 days.
Croxomy light-requiring, in the shade does not bloom. The ground should be loose, rich in humus, well drained. Corms are planted in early spring, stored before planting in the cellar at a temperature not higher than 5-7 ° C. Irrigation is carried out once a week, fed every 10-14 days. In the harsh climate of corms dug shortly before the frost. Croxomy can grow without a transplant for 3 years.
Garden lilies of the Lily family are the most frequent guests of summer flower beds. Voronkovo-bell-shaped large flowers of various colors will be a real decoration of the flower garden. The corolla consists of 6 elongated petals that can open wide or bend strongly. Special charm lilies give long stamens with bright anthers. The palette includes various shades, often on the surface of the petals are visible dots or stripes. The diameter of the flower is 8-20 cm. The inflorescence carries many buds that unfold gradually. Lilies bloom 25-40 days. The variety of hybrids allows you to create any garden composition.
Lilies are unpretentious, like sunny areas or openwork partial shade. The site should be well lit, soil with a neutral environment, well-fertilized. It is possible to plant lilies in the spring or in the fall, fertilize three times a season. Transplantation is carried out once every 5 years, for the winter they are well covered with mulch and spruce branches.
Gabrantus - rain lily, originally from South America. Принадлежит к семейству Амариллисовые. Имеет розовые, белые, оранжевые или жёлтые цветики, похожие на лилии. Диаметр 7—10 см, высота цветоноса 30 см. Листики пышные, линейные. Цветёт габрантус периодами на протяжении всего лета. Агротехника такая же, как у лилий. На зиму головки выкапывают, хранят в подвале.
Галтония – гостья из Южной Африки, называемая африканским гиацинтом. Juicy leaf-like leaves reach a meter long, the height of the bush is 90-150 cm. A multi-flower brush up to 1 m long carries numerous bell-shaped flowers with a diameter of 3-6 cm. Petals are white or greenish, the aroma is rich, pleasant. Galtonia blooms at the end of summer, abundant and long-lasting, not afraid of frost.
Of the features of agrotechnics, they note a great need for moisture, the need for garters. Otherwise, grown as lilies. For the winter, you can dig up the onions and store in the basement or mumble a flower bed (in warm regions).
Bulbous perennial flowers with autumn blooming
Autumn bulbous flowers will bring bright notes to the flower bed, remind you that after winter sleep, their fellow primroses will come back. They dilute the autumn bouquet, cover the empty seats in the garden, remaining after the Letniki. Florists preferred the following plants:
- autumn crocus,
- Neapolitan cyclamen,
Colchicum (kolhikum) - looks very similar to crocus, but it has buds in the fall, often before the snow falls. The funnel-shaped flowers of white, violet, blue shade reach a height of 20 cm. The leaves die off in early summer, it seems that the buds grow right out of the ground. The plant is poisonous, to work with it you need to protect the skin and mucous membranes.
Neapolitan cyclamen - frost-resistant form with decorative bud-shaped foliage, covered with a network of silvery veins. They are very similar to the leathery leaves of the begonia, sit tight rosette on long petioles. Peduncles decorated with unusual buds. It seems that they grow upside down. Most often, the color of the petals is pink, the length is up to 6 cm. The buds of the Neapolitan cyclamen appear from late summer to late autumn, filling the garden with flower-honey fragrance. The juice of the plant is poisonous.
Gladiolus. This slender handsome man with tall flower stems is known to everyone. Spike inflorescence contains up to 10 flowers of various shades. The flowers resemble a small gramophone, they are simple, double, fringed. Xiphoid leaflets. Decorative effect comes to the end of the summer, lasts up to 20 days. Gladioluses are ideal for cutting, often becoming the main element of the bouquets of first-graders.
Freesia (pictured) is a stately beauty with long bright green leaves and funnel-shaped flowers. The size of the bell is 5-6 cm, the number in one-sided inflorescence 2-7. The height of the bush depends on the variety, on average about 60 cm. The palette includes various shades - pink, yellow, carmine, purple, scarlet, blue, orange. Often inside the throat is a speck of contrasting color. The aroma is saturated, similar to the smell of lily of the valley.
Listed plants are usually planted in spring in a well-lit place with excellent drainage. The soil should be rich in humus, humus. Top dressing is made three times per season, avoiding an increased dose of nitrogen. Otherwise, flowering will be scarce, but the bush will begin to fatten. Watering is moderate, during the flowering culture should be irrigated more often, avoiding stagnant water. Freesia and gladiolus due to the high fragile stems require a garter. Their onions dug for the winter, stored in the basement. Cyclamen and colchicum winter well in open ground, but care should be taken about the shelter.
Features of the cultivation of bulbous
Bulb flowers are recommended to be planted immediately after the purchase of bulbs. Of course, you can leave them for a while, keeping them in a cool, dry place, but it is better to plant the onions until they start to grow and become soft.
Such bulbous perennials like crocuses, daffodils, snowdrops, winter well in open ground. Gladiolus and Crocosmia are considered low-tolerant plants and need to be dug out for the winter from the garden. The bulbs of these flowers are dug in late autumn and stored in a cool dry place until spring. Some bulbous can winter on the street, provided that they cover for the winter. For shelter you can use straw, peat, orlik leaves, crushed bark, fallen leaves. The thickness of the covering layer should be 8 cm.
Shelter material must be breathable. Cover the flowers when the first frost. Mulching allows you to protect the soil not only from freezing, but also from premature germination of bulbous plants during periods of winter warming. Peel off the mulch when the threat of the last cold snaps passes.
Did you know?Since ancient times, lilies were grown as food, ornamental and medicinal plants. They were credited with the mythical ability to turn metal into gold. Also, white lilies are often used in ceremonies and weddings as a symbol of mercy and purity.
For all bulbous land should be well drained. If the ground is heavy, then gravel or sand can be added to it. If such flowers are grown at home in containers, then good drainage is also needed. There must be drainage holes in pots or containers.
Bulbs are planted in holes with a diameter of 2 times its size. But the depth of the hole depends on the planted plants. Also, when landing you need to pay attention to the soil. If the ground is sandy, then the bulbs plant a little deeper, and if the ground is heavy, it is slightly higher. The bulbs of flowers such as tulips, hyacinths, daffodils are large, and they need to be planted to a depth of 2 times the bulbs themselves. Small onions are planted at a depth of the bulb. It is placed on the bottom of the hole and slightly pressed down to the soil. Onions must be directed upwards. Next, fill the hole with soil and slightly compacted. Place planting flowers need to mark.
If the soil is not fertile, it is recommended to apply a slowly acting fertilizer. This fertilizer is bone meal. If the plant is planted for one season, and then the bulb is thrown away, then fertilizer can be not applied.
But if the bulb will winter and remain the next year, the plant needs fertilizer. When planting in pots or containers, plants need more top dressing, as the reserves of nutrients are quickly depleted. With such cultivation, it is better to fertilize flowers with liquid dressings or long-acting fertilizer.
Bulb flowers that bloom in spring should be watered moderately before flowering begins, and then watered until the leaves turn yellow and brown. Plants that bloom in summer should be watered abundantly during dry periods so that the water reaches the roots that are deep. These colors include gladioli and daffodils. If the bulbs are at rest, you can not moisten the soil - it is very harmful for them, but if the plant has kept the leaves, it should be watered.
Important!It is strictly forbidden to water the plants with high peduncles with a strong jet of water, as you can bend or break the flowers.
Plants that grow at home (pots, trays, containers), need to be watered as the soil dries. The soil is kept wet, without over-wetting it.
Flowers that have weak stems or tall flower stalks, as well as those that grow on blown places, need support.
Be sure to pay attention to the proper care of plants after flowering. From this care depends bloom in the next season.
If you want to decorate your plot with something more interesting than a usual flower bed, create a mixborder, alpine slide, rock arias. In these complex compositions various plants, stones and decorative elements are used - in a word, the possibilities for creativity are very wide.
After flowering you need:
- remove faded flowers with a secateur, knife or scissors;
- remove only flowers, flower stalks should be left,
- during the removal of peduncles can not remove the leaves, because they form nutrients for the bulbs.
List of the most popular plants with photos
Bulbous and perennial primroses are the very first flowers in your garden in spring. In cold regions, the snow has not yet come off, and they, having lifted the petals, are already reaching for the sun. If you successfully write bulbous primroses in the design of the flower beds, they will please the eye every year.
Did you know?Catholics in Spain and Italy consider the lily to be the flower of the Blessed Virgin, and the image of the Mother of God is often framed with a wreath of these flowers.
Consider a list of the most popular garden bulb flowers:
- Snowdrop. This flower grows one of the first and literally from under the snow. Snowdrop can withstand frost –10 ° C.
Babiana - a flower from the family of Corridor. Narrow, lanceolate, sword-shaped leaves 15 cm long, which also have bristly pubescence, grow from the bulb.
Colchicum - Also known as colchium, is a perennial plant. In the genus of this flower about 70 species.
Gabrantus (rain lily) - has air petals that justify the name of the flower, meaning in translation from the Greek "gentle flower".
Gladiolus - It is a bulbous perennial flower, of which there are more than 5000 species. There are hybrid and wild gladioli. They admire the beauty and variety of color.
Eastern lily - these flowers are valued for large flowers (more than 20 cm in diameter) and a varied color.
Lily LA hybrid - obtained by breeding Asian and long-flowered lilies. This flower is distinguished by its endurance, decoration and unpretentiousness.
Lily OT-hybrid - The plant is obtained from the crossing of tubular and oriental lilies. They reach a height of 1–1.5 m or even higher, under favorable conditions.
Narcissus - is a very popular flower from antiquity. There are many varieties of daffodil, and they are all greatly appreciated by gardeners for their incredible beauty.
Tulip - Central Asia is the birthplace of this plant, despite the fact that the most growing tulips in the Netherlands. In recent years, more than 3,500 species of tulips of various shapes and colors have been bred.
The following are listed bulbous indoor plants (with photo and names) that you can use to decorate your home:
- Freesia hybrid - a very beautiful plant with funnel-shaped flowers on one side of a strong peduncle up to 50 cm high. It has a strong, fragrant smell.
Himenokallis pleasant - it blooms with fragrant flowers at the end of spring, the flower stalks reach a height of 60 cm. It is very similar to a narcissus with narrow and long petals.
Hippeastrum Hybrid - has hollow stems, on which there are inflorescences of 3-5 flowers. Hybrid varieties have a lot of types, colors and shapes.
Zephyranthes grandiflora - forms peduncles up to 15 cm tall, blooms in early summer with flowers very similar to crocuses.
Veltheimy Kapse - great as a houseplant. Peduncle up to 30 cm high, having about 60 bell-shaped flowers, will decorate any dwelling.
When planting bulbous plants at home it is very important to pay attention to the choice of a pot. A container of slightly burnt clay, which has thin, porous walls, is best suited. Inside the pot should not be glazed. The size of the pot is selected according to the size of the bulb.
Important!The pot is chosen correctly when the distance from its walls to the bulb is 1.5 cm of free space.
At the bottom of the tank should be a hole for draining. The diameter of the pot should be the same with its height.
Rules for the creation of flower beds of bulbous perennials
Perfectly look flowerbeds of continuous flowering.
Such beds have a number of features that must be considered when planning it:
- In order for flowers to constantly bloom and replace each other, their range should be very wide.
- A flower bed looks impressive when there are large color spots on it. Flowers that grow alone do not give a whole composition.
- Plants that bloom in approximately one period can be grouped together.
- You can combine plants that have the same requirements (for soil, watering, lighting, fertilizer)
- When planting in a flower bed, be sure to take into account the size of plants and the growth rate.
- Combining flowers is better if you consider the color range. You can use both complementary and contrasting colors.
Attention should be paid to the fact that the flower bed has different points of view, and plant the plants in such a way that they do not block each other.
On the flowerbed you will need to care for all the flowers, for this you need to provide small paths. They can be mulched with various decorative materials. Such paths will allow you to reach any plant in order to cut, tie up, water it.
Choosing bulbous plants for your flower garden is a rather difficult task due to the variety of species and varieties of such flowers. Thanks to this article about garden bulbous flowers, which are listed with photos with names, you can think out in more detail which flowers of the bulbous family will suit you the most.
The most unpretentious bulbous plants for the garden
Of the above garden flowers, not so much require special care, almost everything can be called unpretentious. If you already want to have a useful and undemanding flower, allium will come to the rescue, and in the common people - a bow.
A perennial decorative onion has many varieties, but they have not lost their external resemblance to their garden mates. The leaves are long, hollow or flattened. Bright heads are painted in white, lilac, purple, greenish hue. The inflorescence resembles a dandelion balloon. They care for perennials just as they do for ordinary onions - weed them, moderately irrigate, mulch, feed with potash-phosphorus fertilizers.
Indoor flowering plants - photo and name
Among the indoor bulbous flowers you will find both familiar corollas, resembling a lily, and very unusual, similar to exotic birds. There are quite a lot of onion crops cultivated at home, we will consider brief descriptions of the most popular representatives of this group.
Oxygen is a bulbous bulb that will be a great decoration for a windowsill. The bush is compact, up to 20 cm high. Trifoliate leaves or multi-blade, sit on a long petiole. Flowers, stars often pink, are white, yellow. Flowers are simple, consist of five petals. The leaves of some species are highly decorative, fold in bad weather. Kislitsy bloom throughout the season, few-flowered umbrella inflorescences. Oxygen easily tolerates shading, needs regular watering and fertilizing once a month. Some species hibernate.
Hippeastrum is a tropical inhabitant of America. Hybrids will be a great indoor "pet", their palette is wide. Peduncles up to 120 cm long appear from February to April. Gramophone flowers with a short tube reach 14-20 cm in diameter. The leaves are broad, belt-like, up to 60 cm long, 5-7 cm wide. The bulb of hippeastrum produces one flower stalk.
When growing, they observe a dormant period - the green mass is cut, the pot is kept in a dark, dry place with a temperature of 10 ° C. Watering is stopped, do not contribute to top dressing. Luxurious bloom is observed at a temperature of 20 ° C. The rest of the time they feed the bush once a decade, water it plentifully after the soil dries out. Transplant every 3 years, a third of the onions left above the ground surface.
Evkomis crested - a popular indoor species, blooming in mid-summer. The bush consists of a large number of broad shiny leaves. Flower stems are stretched to 80-100 cm, the inflorescence up to 30 cm long resembles a pineapple, since the top ends with a thick cap of wide lanceolate leaves. Petals are white, greenish, soft purple. Small stars consist of 6 petals.
Eukomis love bright light, but in the heat require shading. The culture needs high air humidity, spraying is undesirable, irrigation is moderate, and feeding is 2 times a month. After the "pineapple" withers, the exot prepares for a period of rest.
Crinum reaches a height of 30-80 cm, has large onions (up to 20 cm in diameter). Long flower stalks are decorated with large fragrant flowers with a diameter of 15–20 cm. The deciduous mass is lush, belt-like, up to 1.5 m long. Crimps look like lilies, prefer to grow on the eastern or western windows. Flowering occurs at sunset, the budding lasts 30-40 days. Caring for them, like amaryllis or hippeastrum, be sure to keep a cool winter.
Euharis is an Amazonian lily, it blooms in August-September, but it can drive out peduncles 2-3 times a year. Each episode of budding gives way to a rest period lasting a month. The culture has 2–5 leaves of a broad lanceolate form, which sit on long, durable petioles. Plate length 55 cm, width 2 times smaller. Large white flowers, similar to daffodils, crown the head of a flower stem 80 cm long. The umbrella carries from 3 to 10 buds, emitting a pleasant aroma. Euharis is unpretentious, caring like other indoor bulbous plants. May winter without a rest period.
Зефирантес известен цветоводам, как выскочка. Такое название он получил за стремительное выбрасывание цветочных стрелок, несущих единственный цветик, похожий на небольшую лилию. Гамма окрасок включает оттенки розового, белого, жёлтого цвета. Листики линейные, плоские или полые внутри, длина 20—30 см. The arrow is up to 30 cm long, the diameter of the flower is up to 10 cm. Zephyranthes will delight with a bouquet in the winter, budding lasts 1-2 months. Unpretentious, light-requiring, in need of an annual transplant with the separation of children (up to the rest period).
Amaryllis is a South African exotic whose close relative is gippeastrum. Therefore, care for him is similar. Amaryllis bloom in spring, when the deciduous mass has not yet developed after hibernation. Bulb releases flower stalk length 50-60 cm, carrying 2-6 large funnel-shaped flowers. The diameter of the corolla to 12 cm, color from white to crimson, there are terry and striped cultivars. Narrow belt-like leaves half a meter in length are arranged in two rows. Home amaryllis needs an annual transplant, does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature.
Hemanthus is a very interesting member of the Amaryllis family. The leaves of the bush a bit, they look like a green mass of hyacinth, but bent out and covered with hairs. Height 20 cm, flower arrow carries inflorescence, similar to the fluffy heads of flowering onions. It consists of a large number of stamens supplied with yellow anthers. For wintering white-flowered gemantus leaves with greens. Fluffy inflorescences appear in summer or early autumn. During the rest period, the temperature is reduced to 10–12 ° C. The rest of the time, they take care of other members of the Amaryllic family.
What perennials can be used for early forcing at home
To buy in winter a pot plant grown from a bulb will not be difficult. Almost all garden flowers can be grown on their own at home, and the flowering period is easy to “tailor” to your own preferences. This process is called early forcing. With the approach of March 8, the store counters are filled with different potted cultures, but most often there is a handsome hyacinth.
This Asian exotic is difficult to confuse with other representatives of the flora. Large bulbs produce a rosette of narrow basal leaves, which is formed around a strong peduncle. The arrow contains up to 60 star flowers with folded petals. Height, length of the arrow, the degree of double-colored and color buds depend on the variety. The aroma of hyacinth is steady, pleasant. A tropical guest can grow in the garden, but onions are annually dug and stored for storage in a dark cool place.
To give a hyacinth a bouquet by a certain date, it is planted in pots after a dormant period that lasts 10-16 weeks. The heads at this time are kept in complete darkness at a temperature of 5-7 ° C. After withering away the arrows, the hyacinth is planted on a flower bed.
Nature has given man so rich plant life that it is very difficult to choose a particular species among his representatives. Bulb flowers are distinguished by their many faces, bright colors, and various flowering periods. After reviewing the photos and the names of these luxurious garden and indoor residents, you can reduce the circle of searching for a green pet. A brief description and subtleties of agrotechnology will easily decorate a window sill or flower bed.
Bulb primroses at home
Daffodils, freesia and hyacinths growing in the garden in early spring can be grown at home.
On his big peduncle no leaves, but a huge number of small flowers are being dissolved. They can be white, pink, blue, greenish, scarlet and purple. Sitting very tight flowers form an incredibly beautiful hat. Each bulb produces only one stem that blooms for two or three weeks.
Freesia reaches a length of 30-45 cm. On its one side are tender, funnel-shaped flowers of orange, red, yellow, pink, burgundy or white. All its varieties are very fragrant.
Plants up to 20 cm tall with squat linear leaves and leafless stems. On one inflorescence can form from two to ten flowers of various sizes and color. Perianth of periclums consist of six folded lobes and cylindrical tubes. Daffodils have many varieties, among which can be noted:
- Tubular daffodils with yellow, white and two-tone flowers.
- Krupnokoronchatye daffodils, which have many varieties with flowers of pure yellow and white, as well as flowers with an orange crown.
- Small-crown daffodils have two-colored petals and yellow or white perianth.
- Terry daffodils are flowers with six perianth segments. Their flowers can be yellow, white and bicolor.
Tall indoor plants
Kanna Hybrid is a colorful, catchy, fairly large plant up to one meter in height. Large flowers are formed on each stem.which may be purple, red, yellow, cream, orange or pink. Oblong canna leaves can be light green, dark green, bronze-red, brown with a purple tinge or striped. With age, three or four arrows may appear from one corm.
Hippeastrum has a rather large onion, the diameter of which can reach 11 cm. On each stem it forms from one to six large funnel-shaped flowers. Most often, flowering occurs in spring and winter, but sometimes it may bloom in summer. The most common types of Hyperstruma include:
- The striped hippeastrum is distinguished by a median carina with red and purple stripes and elongated ovate white petals, between the edges of which a longitudinal strip passes.
- Graceful hippeastrum is a plant whose height can be from 45 to 70 cm. Large funnel-shaped greenish-white or whitish-yellow flowers are formed in January and in May or June.
- The hippeastrum reticulum is a stem 30-50 cm high. From the small onion sprout lanceolate leaves and peduncle with 3-5 buds. Crimson-red petals have numerous dark veins.
- Royal Hippeastrum is distinguished by linear-lanceolate leaves and perianth with a red funnel-shaped tube and a whitish-green pattern in the throat.
- Leopold's hippeastrum is a plant with a strong, two-flowered stem. Flowers in diameter up to 18 cm at the apex are white in color, and in the middle - red.
Amaryllis is very similar to the hippeatrum, but has an incomplete peduncle, blooms only once a year in the fall and regularly forms daughter bulbs. In height amaryllis grow to 50-70 cm. On each stalk 8–12 large flowers of pink-red color are formed. Three or four plants can be planted in one pot at once. With proper care, the flower can exist for many years.
Vallota belongs to the Amaryllis family. It has reddish-colored dark green leaves at the base. The length of each sheet reaches 65 cmand width - 3.5 cm. An umbrella with flowers of salmon, white or bright red is formed on a long stem. After it blooms, do not immediately cut off the flowers. You should wait until the flower stalks dry out, and then prune them.
Euharis (see photo) can also be attributed to high colors. The second name is Amazonian lily. This beautiful plant has similarities with narcissus. His snow-white, fragrant, flowers gathered in an umbrella appear in October and bloom until winter. Then, in March, the euharis has a period of rest, and in spring it blooms again. On one long stem of euharis 50 cm high, three flowers are formed at once.
In adult plants, two peduncles form at once, which develop within 10–14 days. Removing faded flowers can prolong the flowering of euharis. In summer it can be grown in the garden, planting in March or April to a depth of 25–30 cm.
Almost everyone is accustomed to amaryllis, hippeastrum, hyacinths. But there are still different types with names, unusual for some florists, and unusual flowers:
- Gemantus come from areas of the wild African continent. It reaches a height of 30-40 cm and is distinguished by bright fluffy inflorescences (in the photo) of a white and cream or red color. Blooms usually in spring or summer. From one bulb grows from two to six cross-leathery or fleshy, short or sessile leaves. At home, you can contain only hybrid varieties of hementuses.
- Veltgeimia - 60 cm high with large bulbs, bare ground leaves with fibrous edges and bare succulent stems. Drooping reddish, yellow, pink long-tubular flowers are collected in thick brushes. It blooms original, spectacular and long in cool rooms from January to March. Depending on wintering can live from one to five years.
- Gimenokallis different absolutely crazy in form, incredibly original white buds. On one inflorescence in the form of an umbrella can form more than ten flowers, which emit a strong aroma. Gimenokallis refers to unpretentious flowers. You can grow it in almost any conditions, but in dark rooms it will not bloom. The generic name of hymenocallis is formed from two words and is translated from ancient Greek as "beautiful film." Looking at the photo of the flower you can understand the reason for this name.
- Gloriosa is a flower with thin stems that require mandatory garters to support. Rarely growing above 30 cm, the dwarf plant has ovate sessile leaves and long legs, at the top of which flowers are formed. Blooming dark purple, pale yellow, crimson or reddish-green flowers are like a flame blown by the wind.
- Eucomis popularly referred to as "pineapple", because its inflorescences are similar to this exotic fruit. It reaches a height of 70 cm and begins to bloom only after more than 6–8 leaves form on it. Green-maroon or whitish-yellow flowers in the form of small bells form a sultan inflorescence. For good flowering, Eucomis is recommended to be placed on the south window, shading from direct sunlight.
Growing indoor plants bulbous plants is not more difficult than in the country or in the garden. With the right location and care, these spectacularly blooming and beautiful flowers will delight their lush flowering even in winter of the year.
Bulb Potted Plants
The most common type of bulbous - hippeastrum.
These flowers grow from bulbs - their underground shoots with thickened short flat stem (bottom) and overgrown fleshy or membranous scales that are devoid of chlorophyll, painted in white or slightly creamy colors. Indoor onion plants are usually perennial bulbs, every year gaining great strength. Adult strong bulbs are able to bloom every year with charming flowers, giving more than one peduncle.
In nature, bulbous plants grow in hot, dry climates (Mediterranean countries, West and South Africa, South America, Asia, the Caucasus), where plants can bloom and give seeds in a short time, usually in the rainy season. In room conditions, the care of onion bulbs is based on the natural algorithm for the growth and development of each species. The life of bulbous plants is conventionally divided into 2 periods (dormancy and growth). After getting out of the state of rest, they quickly grow, willingly bloom with colorful various flowers, decorating the rooms, balconies, loggias and garden beds.
Amaryllis and Hippeastrum
Hippeastrum and amaryllis grow well in the room.
Lovers often confuse amaryllis and hippeastrum, not being able to distinguish between these species. At first glance, they really look like: large bulbs, bright funnel-shaped flowers, belt-shaped green leaves, but this is only apparent resemblance.
Hippeastrum has a large round or elongated bulb, which reaches a diameter of 11 cm.
Powerful peduncles carry 1-6 buds. Funnel-shaped flowers with a narrow tube and folded petals appear on the plant in spring and winter, in rare cases when it blooms in summer. Peduncle hippeastrum hollow. In culture, up to 85 species of hippeastrum are known.
Amaryllis grows from pear-shaped bulbs, on the peduncle is formed from 6 to 12 flowers, which have a pleasant aroma. Flowering occurs in the fall. The only kind of - amaryllis beautiful.
Both plants belong to the Amaryllis family, have similar agrotechnical cultivation.
Charming flowers among the narrow leaves - so looks vallota.
Vallota - a bright representative of the Amaryllis family, inhabits the subtropical areas of the Cape Province in southern Africa.
The plant has narrow belt-like leaves (length up to 60 cm, width - 1 cm). It is very easy to distinguish the wallotta from other bulbous home flowers - the leaf stalks at the base of the bulb are colored in burgundy.
Bright red (rarely white, pink) flowers are formed on a low peduncle, where you can count several buds located in a loose brush.
After flowering, flower stalks cannot be removed, it is necessary to wait for them to wilt, after which you can carefully unscrew them from the bulb. Vallota annually increases the mass of small children, which is formed not at the bottom, but higher to the surface of the ground.
Unusual bulbous perennial gemantus blooms amazing colors.
Gemantus is an endemic of South Africa, this flower is not found anywhere else in nature. All types of gemantus belong to the Amaryllis family. A plant bulb may have a pear-shaped or rounded shape, usually it is completely immersed in the soil, sometimes slightly protruding above the surface.
Leaves - thickened, wide and short-stalk, belt-shaped. The bud is egg-shaped, the flowers are gathered in a dense rounded inflorescence on the top of the floral arrow, they may have a white or coral color.
Gemantus does not grow high, the usual size of the plant does not exceed 40 cm. Flowering begins in the spring, may continue in summer. In room culture grown hybrid varieties. Charming and very unusual room perennial.
Crinum flowers are very elegant.
Fantastically beautiful, giant indoor plant that can be grown from bulbs. Crinum is part of the Amaryllis family, but unlike other species, the flower forms a false stem of powerful leaves that form at the top of the bulb.
The leaves form a fan, the flowers are collected in an umbrella at the top of a powerful peduncle. The size of the flowers is striking; the krinum blooms with white or pink flowers of exquisite form, reaching 20 cm in diameter.
Crinum refers to perennials, a flower can grow in one pot up to 5 years, the culture does not tolerate transplanting, so it is planted immediately in spacious containers. Room Crinum requires a bright location, regular watering and fertilizing. Culture has been somewhat forgotten, interest in the crinums has increased in recent years.
This plant belongs to the family Asparagaceae. Numerous leaves of eucomice grow from an egg-shaped bulb with a shiny cover. The color of the leaves is green with glitter, so they seem to be lacquered.
A powerful arrow rises from the middle of the bulb during flowering, tapering upwards, on which small greenish cream flowers with purple patterns alternately open. In the upper part of the floral arrow is a crest of leaves, similar to a rosette of pineapple.
Sometimes after flowering, evkomis forms seeds that are suitable for breeding new plants.
The plant grows well in the southern windows, requires uniform irrigation.
Elegant spepelias just fascinating during flowering.
The history of this plant is associated with Mexico and Guatemala, where local Indian tribes used Sprechelia flowers in rituals. Another name for the plant is Aztec Lily.
Graceful large flowers are painted in a thick red tone, the petals are velvet to the touch. Flowering lasts up to 20 days in spring. The open flowers of the trequelia look like strange orchids with fancifully bent off petals. Leaves narrow, green, belt-like, with pronounced veins.
Every spring in spring, spurgeon bulbs are planted in a new land mixture, the plant is watered regularly, fertilized with special formulations for bulbous crops. For reproduction using daughter bulbs.
Amazon lily has a delicate scent.
The bulbous flower - euharis (Amazonian lily) during flowering resembles a white narcissus, delicate flowers exude a pleasant fragrance. The plant is ideal for interior decoration, even without flowers, euharis is a fairly beautiful plant. Broad shiny leaves on graceful stems rise from the bulbs, but usually not more than 2 leaves grow from each medium-sized (2-6 cm) bulb. If the plant is not seated for several years, the euharis looks like a powerful bush.
Propagate the plant by dividing the daughter bulbs.
Clivia is a very bright interior plant.
Clivia is another species of bulbous plants of the Amaryllis family, native to southern Africa. Perennial bulbous plants do not grow above 60 cm. Leathery vaginal form a false tube.
Charming flowers of red-orange coloring with the pointed tips of petals form a dense umbrella. Clivia prefers bright places, constant temperature and gentle care. Детки редко образуются на материнских луковицах, можно размножать растение семенами, которые получают при ручном принудительном опылении цветков.
Вот далеко не полный перечень луковичных растений, которые выращивают дома. Было бы неправильно умолчать о садовых луковичных растениях, которые прекрасно поддаются домашней выгонке. Яркий букет гиацинтов удается получить за 3 месяца, трепетные крокусы порадуют цветением за 2,5 мес. Lilies bloom in pots 30-50 days after planting in a pot. You can grow at home tulips, daffodils, muscari, Scylla and other bulbous crops.
And if the flower has not yet bloomed, how to find out what kind of flower and what he likes? It would be better if the leaves are larger than shown so that it can be determined.
This plant is a hybrid of crinuma and amaryllis, it bears the features of both maternal specimens. Evergreen perennial grows up to 60-70 cm in length and pleases with wonderful pink flowers. The flower stalks themselves grow surprisingly long - up to a meter.
One of the most common bulbous among indoor plants. The bulbs are large, pear-shaped. Peduncle is able to "produce" from six to twelve flowers - quite large, very beautiful, with a pleasant aroma. It blooms in the fall.
The plant needs watering and fertilizing: nitrogenous, potash and phosphate. However, you should not be zealous with dressings, it is advisable to underestimate the recommended instruction by 1.5-2 times.
The rest period should be carried out by an amarinum, being in pots in a cool room (+10 degrees). In the southern regions, the flower can be grown in open ground, wintering under the mulch layer.
The plant is originally from southern Africa, from where, in fact, almost all known decorative bulbous originated. Clivia is a perennial, grows up to 60 cm in height. If the care is good, Clivia can live for several decades, annually pleasing with its flowering (see photo).
The leaves of the plant are beautiful, glossy, have a leathery texture, form a false tube. The flowers are luxurious, have an orange-red color, the tips of the petals are pointed, form an umbrella shape.
It is better to grow clivia on a well-lit window sill in conditions of constant external temperature and careful care. The plant propagates usually with seeds, since babies on maternal bulbs rarely appear at home.
Compact plant with small onions (2.5-3 cm) and elongated, narrow, lanceolate leaves, growing to 30 cm in length. The plant is interesting because its foliage and flowers grow evenly and simultaneously (see photo).
Peduncle has a length of 20-30 cm, elongated shape, and at the end of it is a single flower. Each bulb is capable of forming several peduncles. One flower lives only a few days, but when one fades, it almost immediately blooms on the next spike bearing another.
Coloring with marshmallow petals is more often pink, sometimes white, yellow. The shape of the flower is funnel-shaped, the decorative period is in summer and spring, in some varieties and in winter.
If you carry out pollination, after flowering a fruit-box with seeds is formed. It is better to keep this plant out of reach from children and pets, since its leaves contain toxic substances. Zephyranthus can also be used as a medicinal plant, but it is better not to risk it yourself.
It is better to place the indoor flower in an open and bright place; it carries well even direct sunlight. In summer you can plant it in the garden. Watering is moderate, but regular, overflows should be avoided.
Like all homemade onions, zephyranthus needs a period of rest - this period begins after flowering. During the dormant period, the plant is kept in a cool (+ 12-14 degrees) room, it is extremely rare and little is watered.
This plant is able to maintain decorative all year-round, which is its biggest advantage. The flowers appear in March and April and are beautiful funnel bells of a greenish hue.
The plant prefers bright places, therefore it is better to arrange it on the southern windowsill. If the light is not enough, the foliage of Ledeburia fades. Humidity in this case does not matter. The substrate is necessary nutritious and friable, the optimum is considered to be a mixture of leaf soil and humus.
The care is simple: watering is moderate, dressing is obligatory. The plant is particularly in need of potassium, which provides good growth and long flowering. In the summer, you can take the pot to the garden, but lebeburia will not survive low temperatures - no less than +7 degrees.
The plant has a round bulb of large size, reaching 11 cm in diameter. As you understand, the flower itself grows impressively, its bud is also quite large. On one powerful flower stalk appears from one to six flowers.
Flowers have the shape of a funnel with a rather narrow base tube, which is characteristic of many bulbous species (see photo). The petals on the edges are slightly bent outward, which gives the plant a great decorative effect. Hippeastrum blooms in winter or spring, very rarely in summer, never in autumn.
The plant is bordered with spectacular long leaves: bright, green, belt-shaped in shape. In combination with bright large flowers look very harmonious.
The plant, as well as the majority of its relatives, is propagated by the daughter onions formed and the mother plant. However, seed reproduction is also possible. In the care of the plant unpretentious, rarely affected by pests, a little sick. However, overflow of hippeastrum with cold water is undesirable - in such conditions the roots of the plant may rot.
Evergreen ornamental plant belonging to the Amaryllis family. The plant is found in the wild exclusively on the territory of South Africa, nowhere else in the world “wildly” it grows (see photo).
The people are called "elephant's tongue" for rough and very wide leaves. In the indoor floriculture usually use two hybrid varieties:
The second species blooms in a very peculiar way: together with petals, it has a cluster of snow-white stamens with yellow tips.
Gematus Katharina has red flowers. In translation, the name of the plant means “bloody flower”, which is fully correlated with its bright red saturated petals. But belotsvetkovy option in indoor florist more popular. The period of flowering gemanthus - the end of summer-beginning of autumn.
In the care of both types of nekaprizny, watering needed moderate, and in the period of rest and rare. Foliage remains year round green and decorative. High this plant does not happen, usually the height of gemantus does not exceed 40 cm.
In the direct rays of the sun can not keep gemantus - the leaves can burn and dry it on the tips. Therefore, on the southern windowsill shade the window with a paper or light cloth. Compound formulations for bulbous are suitable as top dressing; during the growing season, hemantus is fed two or three times. In winter, you need a rest period with the content at a temperature of + 15-18 degrees.
The plant also belongs to the Amaryllis family, originally from southern Africa. Vallota has characteristic elongated narrow leaves - more than half a meter long and only one centimeter wide. A distinctive feature of vallota is the dark red base of the leaves (see photo).
Flowers have petals more often of a red shade, but sometimes there are pink, white specimens. Peduncle low, on one located several lush buds. The bulb produces multiple babies, so there is no problem with the reproduction of the plant. The leaves of the plant do not fall off, allowing the wallot to remain attractive all year round.
The plant is also from South Africa, also called "Zulus potato", "sea cucumber". It is appreciated for its elegant appearance, and although it does not bloom, it is capable of pleasing all year round with its lush greenery. Some species of boviei are flowering, but so rarely does this fact happen that usually a plant is bred simply because of its exotic greenery (see photo).
Medium sized bulbs - usually 5-7 cm in diameter, covered with scales. In the spring after planting a juicy, strong, bright green peduncle with a branched, curly shape grows. The length of the whips-peduncles sometimes reaches up to a meter, so most often the bovieu is hung in pots so that the strings hang freely and gracefully downwards.
Uncomplicated care - of all the bulbous bovieya the most, perhaps, unpretentious. It grows well in the sun and shade, however, it must be protected from the direct midday sun. It does not need frequent watering - for a successful growth and development a flower, even in summer, only one watering at 7-10 days is enough.
Why do not bloom
Often flower growers face such a problem common to all bulbous ones - home plants refuse to bloom. Usually, this problem is associated with lack of care and most often with the lack of a quality rest period.
In addition, the following reasons for the lack of flowering:
- content at too low temperature (do not forget that all onion - heat-loving),
- lack of light
- lack of dressings,
- pest damage, disease.
To cope with the problem, it is necessary to mobilize and strengthen the care of the plant. It is important to create comfortable conditions for the bulbous flower: warm, adequate lighting, nutritious, loose soil, should be watered moderately and only with warm water.
Organize also regular fertilizing with complex formulations. And in order to stimulate the plant to bloom and activate its vitality, spray the flower with the following preparations:
So, we met with the most popular and decorative representatives of the bulbous, used in indoor floriculture. The choice is rich - in the article we have listed only some of the worthy representatives of the bulbous ones, in fact a much larger number is suitable for home breeding. Elegant bulbous will become a real decoration of the interior, will make any apartment more comfortable and will delight with magnificent flowering.
Common features of bulbous flowers
These plants grow from underground shoots, which have a characteristic short flat thickening, bottom, and form an onion. Bulb scales are membranous or fleshy, do not have chlorophyll, and therefore are painted in creamy shades. Potted bulb flowers are usually grown on the basis of perennial bulbs. The older the shoots, the more magnificent, more beautiful the color and richer aroma of the plant.
The habitat of bulbous crops is a hot, dry climate. In the natural range, the plant should have time to develop, form flowers and produce seeds in a favorable period of time - the rainy season. At home growing each flower has its own algorithm. But it consists of the same stages looped among themselves:
Attention! Bulb flowers bloom steadily every season, often even twice a year.
Tall varieties of onion flowers
Hippeastrum is one of the most famous representatives of this class of plants. Its bulb is round and slightly elongated, most often large (about 11 cm in diameter). On strong bare peduncles up to 6 buds are formed. Petals fold into funnel shape. Hippeastrum blooms usually in winter or spring. Height of an adult plant can reach 70 cm.
Color and other characteristics of flowers depend on the type of culture. There are about 85 hybrids and varieties. Most requested:
- Elegant - white-lemon or white-green shade of petals,
- Striped - red-lilac stripes on white petals,
- Net - crimson-red buds with dark streaks,
- Leopold - color of petals red at the end and white at the base, large buds (up to 18 cm).
Amaryllis is often confused with hippeastrum. It differs pear bulb (also large) and the ability to bloom only once a season (autumn). Amaryllis can form up to 12 buds. The view of the flower alone - Beautiful. The color of the petals is pink-red. This flower can live in the same pot with other amaryllis (3-4 pieces) and is considered a room long-liver.
Euharis or Amazon lily reaches a height of 50 cm. Reminds a daffodil. It blooms from October to January and from March to May. The process can be extended by cutting off faded buds in time. Flowers are pure white, fragrant, gathered in an umbrella.
Kanna Hybrid is a catchy representative of domestic plants up to 1 m high. The buds are formed on each shoot and painted in bright colors. Vallota is distinguished by a nice looking combination of white and red. Flower shape - umbrella. This variety does not need to remove wilted buds. Completely tear them off only after the flower stalks have fully dried.
Other types of bulbous crops
The popular varieties of this category also include narcissus. The plant is well known to flower growers who are engaged in greenhouse farming or growing flowers in the open. Daffodils are low (up to 20 cm), have bare stems and squat, flat leaves. Buds may vary depending on the variety group. Common feature - perianths, which consist of 6 cylindrical tubes and unbent lobes. One inflorescence consists of 2-6 buds.
Also among the florist demand such flowers:
- Hyacinth. During flowering, abundantly covered with small flowers of different shades (depending on the variety). From the side it looks like a charming hat. One bulb forms a single stem. Flowering time - 1-2 weeks.
- Freesia. On one side of the stem of the plant funnel-shaped flowers of delicate structure and shades are formed. Each of the varieties of extremely fragrant.
Planting and care for indoor bulb flowers
The technology of growing potted onion flowers is simple. The bulb is able to accumulate nutrients and moisture, so the plant can survive adverse periods without problems. Description of the main nuances of caring for these flowers:
- In relation to the ground they are universal. Any substrate for flowering crops is suitable for successful cultivation. Only at the bottom must form a drainage layer. Above it is at least 7 cm of the soil mixture mixed with a special fertilizer for the bulbous ones.
- Provide abundance of light in spring and summer.
- In the warm season, the room temperature should be within + 20 ... + 25 ° С. During the rest period, preferably 5-7 ° C below.
- Perfect watering the flower will provide a little warm rain water or melt. If there is none, type the usual one from under the tap and let it stand for a day.
- The frequency of irrigation in spring and summer is regular, but in small portions. During the rest period, watering is reduced to a minimum.
- Bulbs do not need frequent feeding. Practice fertilization only in the phases of intensive growth and the beginning of flowering (about 1 time in 2 weeks).
The main points of the method of growing different bulbous are almost identical. Differences can only be in the frequency of irrigation and fertilizing. A simple crop care algorithm will help turn your window sill into a beautiful flower garden.