General information

Melissa herb: the benefits and harms of the medicinal plant


A close relative of peppermint - melissa (many also call it Chinese magnolia vine) - serves as one of the affordable and effective folk remedies for many diseases. The plant is very similar to a weed, so a person who is not related to biology or medicine simply does not recognize it and will pass by. Leaf balm small, white flowers or cast a little blue. Plant height is low. Its characteristic feature is the smell, which is especially felt when the leaf is rubbed in the hands. Today, this magical and unique herb is used to make drinks or teas, and is also added as a seasoning to various dishes.

Melissa is a perennial plant and does not require special care. It can be grown from seed or vegetatively (grafting) in early spring. Having this grass on your plot, you can collect its leaves for 12 years.

For brewing herbal teas in winter, dried lemon balm will be needed, and in order to dry them in summer, only leaves of the ground part of the plant are needed, right up to the top. But the leaves, located at a height of 15 cm, are not suitable, as they contain a small number of trace elements and aroma oils. Cut branches are dried like all herbs in a cool dry place. Dried grass is stored in a canvas bag or paper bag.

Fresh leaves are used as decoration for decorating cakes, pastries, and if they are supplemented with soft drinks, freshness and a little sourness will be added to the flavor bouquet.

The chemical composition of lemon balm

The most useful element in the grass - essential oils, has a sedative effect on humans. It is very interesting that experienced beekeepers, in order for the bees not to bite them while collecting honey, knead a few leaves of lemon balm in their hands.

In addition to aroma oils, herbs include: rosemary and coffee acids (have antispasmodic, choleretic and tonic effect), ascorbic acid (in young leaves), tannins, carotenoids (starting material for the formation of vitamin A), resins, flavonoids and medicinal bitterness that improves the functioning of the stomach.

Vitamins:A, C, B1, B2, B6, B9, PP.

Minerals:iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese, copper, sodium, zinc, phosphorus.

Useful properties and benefits of lemon balm for the body

  • strengthens the immune system
  • treats colds,
  • helps with diseases of the respiratory system
  • cures asthma
  • cleans lymph and blood
  • normalizes metabolism
  • relieves swelling,
  • treats gastritis and ulcers,
  • relieves inflammation in the oral cavity,
  • eliminates bad breath,
  • strengthens the cardiovascular system
  • helps with hypertension,
  • relieves vomiting
  • increases lactation
  • relieves the state during menstruation,
  • normalizes a hormonal background of the woman,
  • tones the body
  • calms the nervous system
  • relieves irritability during PMS,
  • eliminates anxiety
  • helps with depression and stress
  • improves sleep
  • helps with IRR,
  • treats skin diseases
  • relieves inflammation from mosquito bites.

Medicinal properties for women

Constant use of lemon balm in tea or beverages will help to improve the work of the gastrointestinal tract, regulate the body's metabolic processes and normalize the hormonal background of the fair sex.

It also acts unobtrusively on the central nervous system of women; therefore, tea from this plant, acting soothingly, will relieve irritability during the period of PMS and menstruation. Perfect for those who suffer from insomnia, as melissa will make sleep sound and healthy. In addition, the herb relieves cramps and pain.

The properties of the plant will appeal to lovers of the use of natural products in cosmetology. Melissa is widely used to care for hair and skin. Decoctions and infusions improve the condition of the epidermis and relieve skin rashes.

Melissa during pregnancy: can you drink pregnant

During pregnancy, the herb is not contraindicated, of course, on condition of its moderate use. Melissa helps fight edema and signs of toxicosis, eliminates the feeling of nausea and vomiting.

What is important for pregnant women, the plant effectively strengthens the protective functions of the body and relieves dizziness.

The grass will become indispensable during breastfeeding, as it increases lactation in a natural way.

Contraindications and harm

But, like any drug, Melissa has its contraindications. Taking the plant is not recommended in the following cases:

  • with individual intolerance to the essential oils contained in the plant,
  • when taking sedative medications,
  • in renal failure,
  • under reduced pressure
  • with epilepsy.

In addition, you should not get involved in tea with melissa before the road, if you are a driver. The plant has a sedative effect that reduces attention.

It is also not recommended to include it in the diet of babies up to 3 years old, since the reaction of a small organism can be unpredictable.

Application of lemon balm for the face

The plant is widely used in cosmetology. Due to the unique essential oil, the plant is included in the formulation of creams, lotions, it is used as one of the components in the production of perfumes or toilet water.

At home, freshly salted solution or frozen cubes of brewed strong herbal tea (ice molds) wipe the face and decollete area. This procedure refreshes the skin well, branches it, heals acne, helps smooth fine wrinkles.

Melissa treatment. Folk remedies

For colds, anxiety, anxiety, headaches, stomach ailments.1-1.5 tsp. fresh or dried leaves, pour 250 ml of hot water. Let it sit for 15-30 minutes. Drink infusion 3 times a day. If desired, you can add honey.

For toothache.To relieve a toothache, it is enough to chew fresh leaves of the plant or use a gruel cooked from dried herbs. The pain will pass, and the breath will be fresh.

From inflammation, bites. To relieve seasonal allergies, get rid of skin diseases and mosquito bites using a decoction of the plant.

From dandruff. A good way to solve the problem with dandruff, to enrich your hair with a set of minerals and vitamins - rinse them with a strong decoction of lemon balm.

Like any herb, lemon balm has beneficial and healing properties. Therefore, it is recommended to stock up in the summer period not only berries and fruits, but also a medicinal plant, which then in rainy and wet weather can be used as a means to enhance immunity, and also make delicious herbal teas with mint or lemon balm.

The composition and use of plants

The chemicals contained in the lemon balm, when used correctly, will bring considerable benefits to your body. Vegetable flavonoids, organic acids, vitamins and minerals, as well as essential oils - all of these components can have a complex effect, strengthening and rejuvenating.

Why is lemon balm useful?

  1. The vitamin complex (especially B, C and D vitamins) contained in the plant stimulates the immune and bone system, and also helps to normalize the metabolic processes in the body.
  2. Tannins promote wound healing, relieve inflammation.
  3. Mineral elements, including zinc, iron, manganese and many other important substances, help to improve the cardiovascular and circulatory system.
  4. Flavonoids provide antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects, have antioxidant abilities.
  5. Organic acids (mostly caffeic, ursolic and oleanolic) are able to break down fat deposits, and also contribute to the elimination of cholesterol from the body.
  6. Essential oils have a beneficial effect on the state of the nervous system, as well as provide optimal blood circulation to the brain vessels.
  7. Natural bitterness stimulates the production of digestive enzymes and accelerates metabolic processes in the body.

A diverse composition provides biological activity, so lemon balm belongs to medicinal plants. As well as any other medicine, it is necessary to know also the main contraindications of reception, in order not to bring harm instead of the expected benefit.

Useful properties of this plant are discussed in the video clip.

Cooking method

Melissa is brewed by analogy with ordinary tea, at the rate of 1 tsp. dry herbs in a glass of boiling water. When using fresh lemon balm leaves, brew one sprig per cup or bunch per liter of boiling water. Tea should be allowed to brew for 10 - 15 minutes, and it can be consumed both hot and cold.

Medicinal lemon balm - composition and properties. The benefits and harm of lemon balm

Moscow and Moscow region

The perennial plant medicinal melissa is attributed to the essential oil species of the genus Melissa and the family Ashley. Medicinal melissa is known to mankind for more than 2000 years. Useful and medicinal properties of lemon balm people use since the days of ancient Greece. The ancient Greek thinker and philosopher Theophrast together with another luminary of the same time, Aristotle organized the first botanical garden in which he selected and studied plants.

Theophrastus was the first botanist to discover and describe the properties of lemon balm in his fundamental work called Historia plantarum. The scientific name of the plant sounds like Melissa officinalis, which in Latin means medicinal emphasizes the importance of the chemical composition of lemon balm as a medicinal plant. Often, lemon balm is compared with mint and even called lemon mint. This is fundamentally a wrong statement, because Melissa not only belongs to another plant species, but also differs in taste and aroma.