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Growing cucumbers on the windowsill

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Cucumber Berendey f1 belongs to the selection of employees of the Moscow seed company, listed in the State Register of Breeding Achievements. Partenokarpichesky hybrid intended for cultivation in an open and protected ground. The variety is characterized by high productivity, resistance to diseases and adverse cultivation conditions.

Advantages and features of a hybrid

Berendey cucumbers are a hybrid of the first generation. Parthenocarpic variety, fruits are formed without pollination. Crop ripening occurs in 45-50 days after germination. The early hybrid form differs in the prevailing female type of flowering.

The description of the variety is related to the characteristic of the crop. During the growing season, medium-length, indeterminate bushes are formed (with unlimited growth of the main stem), with an average number of branches. The leaves are medium sized, green.

In one node 2-4 forms ovary. Fruits are cylindrical in shape, surface with tubercles of medium size. The mass of cucumbers reaches 120-140 g, length - 12-14 cm, diameter of the fruit - 4.5 cm. The green skin has tender peel of intense green color, with short light stripes, pubescence of medium density.

The surface is covered with white spikes. The pulp of cucumber is crunchy, dense, sweet in taste, without bitterness. The yield of the hybrid is 12-14 kg with 1 m². From 1 bush can remove up to 8 kg of fruit.

Characteristics of the variety indicate the universal use of cucumbers in cooking. Fruits are pickled, salted, consumed fresh. The hybrid is resistant to root rot, powdery mildew, tolerant to peronosporizu.

Among vegetable growers, the variety is valued for its taste, the possibility of growing on shaded areas, high productivity. Fruits retain product quality over a long period.

Shade-tolerant hybrids of cucumbers

For the winter window, shade-tolerant hybrids are chosen that can bear fruit with limited backlighting, for example, F1 Athlete and F1 Berendey. Before sowing, the seeds are laid out on a wet napkin in a plastic bag for 12-16 hours at 25-28 ° C, then placed in small containers filled with damp soil (0.5-0.6 l) to a depth of 1 cm. From above, the soil is slightly compacted, water, capacity put on the south or east window sills.

After the emergence of shoots, the temperature should be lowered, by opening the window and setting the screen so as to remove the excessive heat from the battery. At the same time it is necessary to monitor the stream of frosty air: it should not fall directly on the seedlings. Several days try to maintain around 20 ° C during the day and 17 ° C at night.

At a distance of 15-20 cm from the top sheet place a floral lamp. With its help, light day is increased to 16-18 hours per day. As the seedlings grow, the lamp is raised higher. In such conditions, the plants will be strong and compact. As a rule, cucumbers are finished only when growing seedlings. In the future, they will be enough light from the window.

Care for cucumber seedlings

Seedlings with 3 true leaves are transplanted into 7-liter pots or large plastic black bags. On the windowsill length of 1.5 m place 3 plants. Above, directly above the window opening, a horizontal trellis is hung. To it tie up long lengths of twine for each plant, through which it will rise. Capacity can be moved, and the stems, if necessary, lowered.

Cucumber on the windowsill requires mandatory forming. All flowers from the bottom 7 nodes are removed. Well, then pull out the rudiments of lateral shoots, leaving one ovary in each node. When the main stem grows to a trellis, you need to wrap it around 2-3 times, lower it down and pinch it over the 5-6th node, counting from the top.

F1 cucumber hybrid The athlete must be pollinated, so at the same time at least 3 plants are planted next to each other, so that there are female and male flowers. Pollination is best done from 8 to 10 am: they tear off the male flower that blossomed on this day with stamens and spend it several times on the female stigma. F1 hybrid Berendey tying fruit without pollination.

Recommended for you:

F1 ATHLETE - mid-season hybrid: from germination to fruit need to wait 50-55 days. The plant is powerful, "athletic", the flowers on it appear both female and male. The length of the main stem reaches 3-3.5 m. There are not too many lateral shoots. Delicious Zelentsy are shaped like a cylinder with a small “handle” at the base, 20-22 cm long, 4-4.5 cm in diameter, weighing 180-210 g, dark green with light stripes, large tubercles, pubescence and white spikes. With one plant with good care, you can collect 6-7 kg of fruit.

F1 BERENDEY - possesses unique shade tolerance and productivity. With one plant you can get a bucket (about 8 kg!) Of magnificent crunchy cucumbers. Hybrid female type of flowering, precocious. Fruits can be removed after 45-50 days. In the bosom of the leaf is formed by 4 ovaries. Zelenets is small, with dense flesh and delicate skin, 12-14 cm long, weighing 120-130 g. It has frequent tubercles, white spikes. Berendey never bitter. Good for fresh salads and marinades. And most importantly - resistant to powdery mildew and root rot.

Growing cucumbers in an apartment, it is necessary to periodically increase the humidity of the air with a sprayer, humidifier, and also placing containers with water on the windowsill. For cucumbers, healthy leaves are very important, perhaps even more than for tomatoes. After all, it is at their expense poured Zelentsy. However, sometimes the leaves need to be cut off, but this should be done correctly in order to minimally injure the plants.

Shadow means "lazy"

When the illumination decreases, the cucumber leaves in the lower and middle tiers begin to turn yellow and die off. Due to their rapid aging, fruits slow down growth and often fall off. This is especially evident in F1 hybrids with a bouquet of laying ovaries: Red mullet, Bobrik, Harmonist, Gerasim, Mumu, Liliput. As a rule, in their nodes up to 12 Zelentsi are laid, and on the main shoot to the trellis more than 50-60 fruits of different ages can form.

All this rich potential is revealed only in optimal conditions. And first of all with sufficient light. If it is low, the ovaries in the node may be 2-3, as in plants of the usual type, but when the light becomes more, the number of ovaries and the percentage of fruits on a plant begin to increase markedly.

Generally lash cucumber, adapting to changing environmental conditions, form 2 types of leaves: light and shadow. The latter are formed with a lack of light, although other causes are not excluded. They have more area and thickness of the leaf blade, they contain a lot of water, breathe less intensively, have less veins. Figuratively speaking, shadow leaves are “lazy.” They give the plant few nutrients and age faster. In the same light leaves all the way around, they are deprived of the listed disadvantages.

Cucumber care

If your cucumbers grow on the trellis, in the upper tier the number of leaves inevitably increases. They shade the lower and middle "floors", reducing the yield of the whole plant. That is why vegetable growers usually get rid of some of the largest upper leaves. However, scientists have recognized that it is better not to do it as dramatically as before.

You should not remove the entire sheet, but only half or 2/3 of its plate (1). Then the greens will be poured faster and yield will significantly increase due to the increased activity of the remaining leaves. The same positive effect will be the stress received by the plant from the removal of the whole leaf plate (2).

Well, the leaf, cut along with the stem (3), is already a real injury: a deep wound on the stem lingers longer and can become a hotbed of illness, rotting. In the leaf plate the tissue is thinner, and the rupture line grows faster and is not affected by diseases.

At one time, you can remove fragments of 1-3 leaves in the upper part of the stem. It is better to choose "lazy", shaded, which are also often found at the top. Instead, they will form active light leaves with thinner tissues. If they also cast a shadow, they again should be reduced in size. With proper formation of cucumber plants and partial (fragmentary) cutting of leaves, you can increase the yield of hybrids, especially bouquet ones, several times.

Variety description

Partenocarpic cucumber "Berendey f1" is a precocious hybrid form with a predominantly female type of flowering. Shrubs sredneroslye, srednevetvistye forming at least 3 ovaries in the node. Greening ripening occurs in 45-50 days after germination.

Fruits are cylindrical in shape, with a tuberous and white-blued surface, from 12.5 to 14.5 cm long. The cross-sectional diameter does not exceed 4.5 cm. The average weight of greengrass is 135 g. The flesh is dense, juicy, fragrant and crispy. Hybrid universal use equally good for fresh consumption and canning.

Advantages and disadvantages

The hybrid form "Berendey f1" has the following advantages:

  • taste great Zelentsov,
  • the attractiveness of the fruit,
  • universal purpose of cucumbers,
  • the possibility of growing in an open and protected ground,
  • hybrid self-pollinated and high-yielding.

Marketable yield of greens is about 14 kg per square meter of landing area.

Direct seeding

Sow cucumbers on the beds in open ground should be no earlier than mid-May. Direct sowing of cucumber seeds significantly reduces the time and effort required to produce seedlings. You should know some of the characteristics of seed material varieties of cucumbers "Berendey f1" and features of the sowing process:

  • high-quality seeds are characterized by one-dimensionality, good germination, germination intensity in the soil,
  • Before sowing, it is necessary to carefully study the description of the seed material on the package, in particular, to check whether the seed has been treated,
  • a significant number of seeds are supplied for sale by processed such highly effective means as "Thiram" or "Benomin",
  • Presowing preparation of seeds consists in their thermal disinfection, as well as soaking microelements in solution for 12 hours,
  • standard landing scheme 50 x 50 cm
  • deepen the seeds in the nutrient soil should not be more than 1.5-2 cm.

Crops should be covered with a film, which is removed after emergence. If necessary, thinning of seedlings can be done, leaving only the most viable and strong plants.

Description of the "fabulous" vegetable

Cucumbers Berendey - it's early hybrids. Shrubs come out of medium growth and average branching. In the process of ripening at least three knots are formed in the node. The fruits ripen after about a month and a half after the first shoots.

Fruits of cucumbers grow in a standard cucumber shape, with even tubercles on the surface, with a uniform green color, 10 to 15 centimeters long and about 4.5 centimeters in diameter - in a word, a classic! The average weight of green cucumber is 150 grams. The flesh is thick, juicy and fragrant. When biting the crunch is notable!

The hybrid Berendey is incomparable both fresh and canned. The real king of vegetable salads!

The merits and demerits of the hybrid

Description of a cucumber variety cannot do without listing its strengths and weaknesses. Hybrid Berendey f1 is characterized exclusively from the positive side:

  • amazing taste
  • high yields
  • attractive in appearance
  • universal to destination
  • grown both in open field and under film,
  • pollinated by yourself.

Commodity arsenal of fruits is about 15 kilograms of cucumbers per square meter.

In the description of the Berendey variety, nothing is said about the fact that it has some drawbacks. Well, except that it is among the hybrid. But it can hardly be seriously considered as a big drawback for a cucumber ...

Landing features

Planting Berendey cucumbers is carried out in two ways - direct sowing and in the greenhouse.

In the beds of cucumbers planted in the tenth of May. What good is direct sowing? It significantly reduces the time and energy spent on growing, because in this situation the seedling development stage is missed. Seeds varieties are characterized by:

  • one-dimensionality
  • quick germination
  • the speed of germination.

Before planting, the seeds are disinfected using ready-made chemicals "Thiram" or "Benomin". It would be nice also before the planting, soak the seed in a solution of trace elements for 12 hours. The scheme of planting cucumber: 50 to 50 centimeters, depth: one and a half to two centimeters.

First, Berendei's crops are covered with a film to protect against sudden night frosts, and then removed when the first shoots appear. With an abundance of sprouting greens produce thinning of seedlings.

To obtain a guaranteed high yield, cucumbers are planted on seedlings in the last decade of April. You can get healthy cucumber seedlings both at home - on the windowsill and in the greenhouse:

  • dry seeds that have been pretreated are suitable for sowing,
  • the seed is placed in a mixture of two parts of the land from a vegetable garden, one part of peat and one part of sand,
  • Berendeya seeds are immersed to a depth of one and a half centimeters,
  • boxes of seedlings covered with film and left in a warm place,
  • after emergence of shoots the film cleans up,
  • the deployment of cotyledons suggests that the seedlings need to be rearranged to the place where the temperature is + 18 instead of + 25.

This is how Berendey cucumber seedlings are grown.

Seedlings need to be watered regularly and once a complex mineral fertilizer is applied to the soil. During the week of transferring the seedlings to “will”, experts advise further lowering the temperature, to + 16 - for hardening the culture. When the earth warms up to 18 degrees under the sun, you can move the seedlings to the beds in the greenhouse. Plants are planted from each other at a distance of one and a half meters. After planting produce abundant watering.

Due to unpretentiousness and the possibility of growing Berendey in shaded places, it is allowed to cultivate the variety on a window sill, balcony or loggia. However, it is not necessary to abuse it. Too dark a place may not in the best way affect the shape of future cucumbers: they grow crooked, with small tubercles. In addition, they will have a pale color of light green color. If the balcony is on the south side, then be sure to consider shading for plants.

Subject to the proposed conditions, it is possible to collect up to 10 kilograms of cucumbers per season from each bush.

Features of growing

Hybrid care is fairly traditional:

  • you need to water with warm water, preferably at sunset (in the greenhouse, the frequency of irrigation depends on the temperature inside and outside and the level of illumination),
  • it is necessary to loosen the soil weekly,
  • When growing cucumbers on ordinary beds, it is not necessary to form plants, and in the greenhouse it is necessary to use trellis.

To increase the yield, the lower side processes pinch over the second (third) leaf. It is important to carefully inspect the cucumbers on a daily basis in order to prevent them from getting sick, and this would be impossible to correct.

Vegetable growers reviews

Gardeners from a cucumber Berendey f1 in full delight, the most complimentary reviews. And, indeed, the hybrid is all good! If you provide plantings penumbra, regular watering and proper feeding, then they will thank an abundance of magnificent fruits.

Berendey's cucumbers grow dense, pimply, with fragrant tasty pulp. Try to sow this hybrid in your plot - you will like it!

Correct seeds

For growing cucumbers in the winter at home, the seeds must meet stringent requirements. Home cucumber should be:

  • Short-fruited, with a length of green leaves from 6 cm to 25 cm.
  • Shade-tolerantnot afraid of changes in temperature.
  • Early or mid-season, with a fruiting period of 4 to 6 months.
  • Productive.

Preference is given to parthenocarpic F1 hybrids. These self-pollinating plants have only female flowers. For the cultivation of cucumbers at home the most popular early and ultra early:

From the mid-early varieties of cucumbers for growing houses are preferable:

Bee pollinated cucumber hybrids, for indoor and greenhouse cultivation, require manual pollination.

The process requires certain skills and additional time.

But despite this, growers are grown at home bee pollinated cucumber hybrids:

Grow and bee pollinated cucumber varieties:

Female single flowers grow separately. Male form groups in the axils of the leaves.

Pollinating cucumbers continue the entire flowering period, until the first ovaries appear. To increase the yield of cucumbers experienced amateurs advise pollinating female flowers with different types of pollen.

Choosing a place

Growing cucumbers in the apartment is better on warm light balconies, loggias, verandas, windows oriented to the south, east, west.

The north side is not suitable for growing. Indoors should not be drafts.

Choosing a variety and seeds

So, what are the varieties of cucumbers? Они разделены на группы по нескольким параметрам – назначению сорта, куда входят салатные виды овощей, имеющие белые шипы, маленького размера семена и мягкую кожуру, а также засолочные, способные при перерастании становиться грубыми и невкусными.

По опыляемости есть такие сорта овощей, как самоопылители либо партенокарпические, а также те, которые опыляются пчелами. More types of cucumbers are distinguished according to ripening terms - here there are early varieties, popularly known as sprinter, which not only mature quickly, but also give an instant crop, age and lose this ability, as well as later species, in which the time of harvest is longer of time.

The earliest varieties of cucumbers - lettuce - made to grow in a greenhouse or under film. Their features are neutral taste, thin skin and elongated shape. Among the best types of vegetables that are well suited for growing in a greenhouse and preparing nutritious salads in the future, we can mention such varieties as Murashka F1, Finger Boy, Benefit F1, Alekseich F1, Emelya F1. For example, Murashka F1 is a precocious type of vegetable crop, the crop of which can be harvested after 42-45 days, is self-fruited. Its bush is of medium size, large-knobby fruits with small spikes, which are capable of reaching a length of up to 12 cm. It has good taste characteristics, completely devoid of bitterness. Is suitable not only for cultivation in the conditions of the greenhouse, but also for an open ground.

Among the cucumbers of salad destination, the varieties of which experts advise to prefer for cultivation in the conditions of open ground, such species as April F1, Erofei, Masha F1, Ant Ant F1, Competitor, Rodnichok F1 and others are well established. Vegetables of the April F1 variety are an early ripe hybrid, which starts fruiting in 45 - 55 days. Due to the compact size of this plant, it is possible to grow it not only in its own garden plot, but also in balcony boxes. It has characteristic cylindrical shaped fruits that, with a weight of up to 250 grams, grow in length up to 25 cm. This variety is distinguished by an increased degree of cold resistance, undemanding to the conditions of care, and an increased yield, if the plants are well cared for.

Distinguishing pickled cucumber from lettuce is not so difficult - its fruits are distinguished by a shorter length, up to 8 cm, and on the surface one can clearly see strong tuberous black thorns. There are varieties with white thorns, which experts do not recommend to apply for salting. Since it is better suited for fruits with black thorns and a thin porous skin. Such vegetables have special transverse bunches inside, which give cucumbers the necessary density and crunch.

The classic types of pickling cucumbers include Nezhinsky, Beregovoy, Muromsky, Debut, Parker and others. Grade Nezhinsky genera from Ukraine. The scourge of such a culture can grow to a few meters. It is considered late ripening, since the first crop can be harvested in 50 or more days. Its cucumbers have an elongated ovoid shape, weigh up to 100 grams, have a good taste. On the basis of the variety today created several varieties - Era, Stage, Nosovsky. Caring for this crop implies constant watering, since this variety has a need for moisture in large quantities.

Among the varieties with early ripening are Altai Early 166, Zozulya, Vyaznikovsky 37, Cascade, Graceful, Murom 36, Universal, Competitor and others. Altai early 166 variety fruits after 37 days, has a good yield, subject to proper care. Its fruits are egg-shaped, they are small-tucked and light green, grow up to 9 cm in length and weigh up to 80 grams. The variety has a strong immunity to fungal infections and tolerates cold.

Among the vegetables with late ripening can be called Rodnichek, Nezhinsky local, Irresistible 40, Farmer, Aquarius, Droplet. Variety Rodnichok appeared not so long ago - in 1987, but already managed to catch the fancy of our summer residents. Fruits with a smooth surface, having a cylindrical shape, weighing up to 100 grams and about 11 cm long appear on bushes of this type of vegetable culture. The yield of this type of cucumber is very high under the condition of normal care. Their owner will be able to feast on vegetables that have excellent taste and do not possess bitterness.

Soil preparation

Before you plant cucumbers, you should conduct a competent preliminary preparation of the land. It is necessary to begin processing of soil in the fall, long before sowing seeds. For this, it is best to use about 4 manure buckets, 4 glasses of wood flour, up to 100 grams of nitrophoska per square meter.

When spring comes, the ground will need to be dug, while the depth should be about 25 cm. Then the beds are covered with a layer of fertile soil up to 15 cm and form the sides for watering.

Even if you could not for any reason hold the autumn planting of top dressings in the ground, a week before sowing the seeds, dig a groove, add manure and place up to 16 cm of fertile soil on it. After this, it is necessary to cover the bed with foil.

Sowing seeds in the prepared land is best done in mid-May. If you do not have the above drugs on hand, you can use the available materials. To do this, take rotten leaves, fresh grass, straw, sawdust, pieces of paper. All this will need to tamp, put in the groove, and on top to put a layer of fertile soil. In the 20th of May digging the land, before that regularly do it weeding and leveling with a rake. Before sowing, place the beds at a distance of about 80 cm - 1 meter from each other, pour the earth at the rate of 5 liters of water per square meter. The depth of planting seeds should be no more than 2, 5 cm.

Before planting cucumbers on the plot, the soil should be fed. Cucumbers respond well to the incorporation of organic fertilizers into the soil, which have the ability to improve the quality of the soil structure. It is recommended to spray the beds before planting with a solution of copper sulphate at the rate of 1 tablespoon of the product per 10 liters of water. Of the organic dressings, experts advise applying fresh manure, which should be applied to the soil in the fall. He becomes humus in the soil, and is also able to bind the structure of sandy soil and loosen heavy clay.

If you are dealing with loamy or heavy loamy soil, then it is best to bring manure 30 to 50 days before sowing the seeds, since such land warms up for a long time. The composition of manure contains potassium, calcium, phosphorus, nitrogen, and the rate of its introduction varies in the range of about 6 to 9 kg per square meter. In the spring, it is also recommended to bring compost into the soil. Provided high-quality and competent fertilizing the earth with organic matter, the efficiency of mineral fertilizers also increases significantly.

Of the mineral dressings today ash is used, which can become an alternative to potash compounds. It is applied to the soil at the rate of about 200 grams per square meter of area. During spring digging into the ground, ammonium nitrate is also buried at the rate of 15 grams per meter, superphosphate - about 40 grams per meter, potash salt - up to about 25 grams per square meter. Such preplanting soil care will surely give good results.

Preparing seeds

A gardener who does not have due experience can simply sow them immediately after purchasing the seeds. But you need to know that the seeds require careful preliminary preparation, which will allow you to get not only equal inputs, but also an excellent harvest of your favorite vegetables. It is necessary to make a selection not only of large in size, but also of full-weight seeds, after which place them for 20 minutes in saline solution. It is easy to prepare it at home - for this you should take about 50 grams of simple salt and dissolve it in a liter of water.

When carrying out such a simple procedure, thin and unsuitable for planting seeds float to the surface. After such a selection, you still need to knock soaking the seeds in a special fertilizer solution. It is well established in this regard, nitrophoska, which is customary to take a teaspoon per liter of water, and add a tablespoon of wood ash to the same place. Also, experts and experienced gardeners are advised to warm the seeds before planting. You can just keep them near the battery for a month. And some in order to get an early crop of cucumbers, also carried out the procedure of hardening seeds.

How to land

There are several types of planting cucumbers and much more ways to plant them on the garden. Species - is planting these vegetables with seeds or seedlings. For example, in central Russia, cucumbers are planted in late May - early July. It is at this time that the soil is already warm enough and ready. Before planting, seeds or seedlings dig a hole, the depth and width of which should be about 30 cm, humus or manure up to 15 cm are placed on the bottom, and after that they make a mixture of soil and manure, forming a mound. Planting of seeds is traditionally carried out in lines, the distance between which is up to 70 cm, depth is about 2 cm, and the interval is up to 15 cm. No more than 2 - 3 seeds are sown in each well, after germination they will need to be grazed.

What are the only ways of planting cucumbers do not use modern gardeners! Among them, growing vegetables in barrels, which is one-third filled with plant waste along with the ground. Also an interesting way is the cultivation of vegetables in bags or bags, in which the seeds are placed in specially made in staggered cuts. Also, an original and interesting method is considered to be planting in a cucumber tent created from a pipe, ropes and branches. You can grow vegetables and on the trellis, which fix grown up cucumber bushes, as well as on the willow rods for those gardeners who do not like complex designs. Growing vegetables under a black film will allow you to place vegetables on a warm garden bed, this mulch will reliably protect them from the cold.

Growing seedlings

Planting cucumbers for seedlings is a very popular and widely used method, significantly approximating the time for obtaining an early crop. It is possible to get high-quality and healthy cucumber seedlings not only at home, but also by arranging seedling boxes with sown seeds in greenhouses. Proper cultivation of cucumber seedlings for the greenhouse includes a set of agrotechnical measures that allow you to get strong and hardened seedlings:

  • cucumber seeds can be sown dry, but it is best to carry out their preliminary processing,
  • A good soil mixture is obtained by mixing two parts of garden soil with one part of peat and one part of sand that has undergone high-temperature disinfection or special chemical means,
  • the seeds should be buried 1.5 cm,
  • landing boxes are covered with foil and placed in a warm place at a temperature of 22-24 ˚С,
  • after the emergence of shoots shelter is removed,
  • The unfolding of the cotyledons is a signal to move the seedlings to a cooler place, with a temperature of 18 ° C.

The main care for seedlings is regular watering, which will not allow the soil to dry out, as well as in carrying out a single application of complex fertilizer. 10 days before planting seedlings into the ground, it is desirable to lower the temperature to 16 ° C, which has a hardening effect on plants. Favorable for planting seedlings in the ground is marked by warming the soil to 17-18 C. Plants should be placed with a row spacing of 1.4 m. After planting, high-quality watering is carried out.

Care features

In the implementation of competent and proper care from each cucumber bush "Berendey f1" it is possible to get about 8 kg of juicy and fragrant Zelentsov. The hybrid form has a unique shade tolerance and high yields, and basic care is not difficult:

  • watering is done with warm water after the heat subsides,
  • the frequency of irrigation in protected ground depends on temperature conditions and lighting,
  • loosening between the rows, as well as removing weeds from the ridges should be done every 10 days,
  • in open ground, plants should not be formed,
  • when grown in the greenhouse, trellis is used.

To increase yields, it is recommended to pinch the lower side shoots over the second or third leaf. It is very important to conduct regular inspections of plants in order not to miss the appearance of the first signs of disease or pest damage.

How to care for cucumbers (video)

This hybrid form, according to the observations of gardeners, develops best in the presence of light penumbra, where greengrass is tied with bunches, non-uniformly, with a difference of a couple of days. Cucumbers grow dense, pimply, with very tasty and fragrant pulp. The plant is shade tolerant, resistant to cladosporia, cucumber mosaic virus and powdery mildew. Even with insufficiently favorable weather conditions on the bushes a lot of very beautiful and delicious greens are formed.

Landing dates

Timing depend on the selected cucumber varietygrowing conditions. Take into account the area of ​​the room, the ability to provide the optimum temperature and light, air humidity, climate zone.

To the New Year's table ripen cucumbers planted in late October. From January plantings begin to harvest in March. The average time of onset of fruiting from the appearance of the first shoots is 40-50 days. The February saplings are ripening for the May holidays.

Soil preparation

In the store buy universal soil or mixture for growing pumpkin crops.

Independently prepared according to proven recipes:

  1. Equal shares of peat, humus. A glass of wood ash on the bucket mix.
  2. 1/3 part of turf, garden land, compost with the addition of a small amount of river calcined sand, ash, rotten sawdust.

Earth is disinfected in one of the ways:

  • Steamed.
  • Spill hot (+ 90 ° C) solution of dark pink manganic acid potassium.
  • Warm up in the oven.
  • Process special industrial preparations.
  • Nitrofosku or bring a full complex fertilizer. They are poured in containers, they are plentifully spilled, they are left for a day for compaction.

  1. Cucumber Seeds pickle 20-30 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Washed. Dried. Leave for 2-3 days for swelling in a saucer with warm water, wrapped in a damp gauze, spread on cotton pads. Read more about seed preparation before planting.
  2. Crouched Cucumber Seeds sown to a depth of about a centimeter. Plant 1-2 seeds in a volume of one liter at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other. Watered.
  3. Expose to a bright place. Maintain a temperature of + 22-25 ° C during the day, + 16-18 ° C at night.
  4. To maintain the necessary moisture covered with foil, glass.
  5. At emergence of shoots of cucumbers shelter is removed. Remove the weak sprout. Begin to light the lights.

It is impossible to grow cucumbers in winter at home without lighting. Light day should last 12-14 hours. In the central zone of Russia, in the Urals, in Siberia, from December to February, luminescence is carried out from 16 to 20 hours.

Lighting devices for lighting (energy-saving, fluorescent, LED) are fixed at a distance of 30-40 cm.

To enhance the effect, light-reflecting sheets of foil and mirrors are installed.

Temperature

Until the plants form lashes, the temperature is maintained. not higher than + 16 ° С. After the formation of lashes, the temperature on sunny days is maintained at + 24-26 ° С, in case of cloudy weather and at night + 18-20 ° С.

Watered on a sunny day every day, on a cloudy day every other day.. Water must be defended, brought to room temperature. Several times during the season, they are watered with a weak pinkish solution of potassium permanganate.

It is useful to spray the plants twice a day, but the leaves should dry out by night. Watering cucumbers spend under the root or pour water into the trays.

Home-grown whips reach a height of two meters and require garters. The garter is made using a sliding loop. Use twine or nylon cord.

Forming a bush

After the appearance of the fifth true leaf, pinch the top to form a bush in two stems. When the next five leaves grow back, the procedure is repeated.

Pinching of the side lashes is carried out in the side lower nodes above the 1-2-3 leaf.

The first dressing spend after the appearance of two true leaves. Feed a solution of 3-4 g nitrophoska per liter of water. The consumption rate per plant is a glass.

Can be used solution of one teaspoon of urea in 5 liters of water. Feed once every 2 weeks.

With the advent of Zelentsov, the plant is fed every week, alternating between mineral and organic fertilizers. As organic additives use 20% solutions of chicken manure or superphosphate. For minerals, 30-40 g of nitrophosphate are dissolved in a bucket of water, a teaspoon of Agrolife or 2 caps of the Growth preparation are added with the watering.

Alternatively, after a week spend feeding of cucumbers with biohumus means. Twice sprayed bushes with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Cucumbers grown in the apartment suffer from spider mites and whiteflies. Spraying with soapy water helps, it is dangerous to use insecticides in the apartment.

Harvesting

Zelentsy collected every day, not allowing them to grow. This contributes to the formation of new ovaries, eases the load on the lash, prevents depletion of the plant, the deterioration of the taste of cucumbers.

Features of greenhouse farming

  • Stop picking on greenhouse varieties cucumbers.
  • When planting seedlings, be sure to bring into the well at least a bucket of well-rotted compost or manure, with the addition of 10 g of phosphorus, 5 g of nitrogen, 15 g of potassium per 1 m².
  • При посадке располагают сеянцы огурцов на расстоянии в 40 см друг от друга, оставляя метр между рядами. Обильно поливают.
  • Оборудуют шпалеры, опоры.
  • Куст огурцов формируют как при выращивании в домашних условиях.
  • Удаляют пожелтевшие и деформированные листья.
  • Первая подкормка через 4 недели. Each plant consumes 1-2 liters of a 0.3% aqueous phosphorus-potassium solution. During the fruiting period, fertilizing is carried out every week.
  • At optimum air temperature, watering is carried out at the rate of 2-3 liters of water per bush.

Disease Prevention and Control

  • Should change soil every year. Develop a useful microflora. Introduce drugs such as Fitosporin M, rotted manure, nettle infusion.
  • Observe ventilation mode.
  • To combat spider mite, whitefly, ants, the soil is disinfected. Once every 5 days spray bushes karbofosom.
  • Dill, mustard, coriander, garlic, basil, tobacco are planted between rows. They scare away the pests of cucumbers.
  • Aphids and whitefly are washed off with a stream of cold water. Wipe cucumber leaves with soapy water.

Basement Equipment

  • Insulate the floor and walls. insulating materials.
  • Install heaters, heat and lighting devices. As lamps most suitable arc mercury lamps or incandescent lamps. For convenience, use a time relay.
  • Organize a ventilation system.
  • Choose a growing medium: hydroponics or soil.
  • Soil requirements are the same as for growing cucumbers at home and in greenhouses.

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