Coltsfoot (lat. Tussilágo) is a monotypic genus of plants of the family Asteraceae or Asteraceae (Asteraceae).
Coltsfoot (lat. Tussilágo fárfara) is a perennial herb, common in Eurasia, Africa, and also, as an alien, in other parts of the World. An amazing feature of the plant - the flowering period occurs in early spring, before the leaves bloom.
Coltsfoot in Latin is translated as follows: the scientific (Latin) generic name tussilago, inis f comes from the Latin. tussis, is ("cough") and ago, egi, actum, ere ("chase") - and can be translated as "cough sleg". This name is associated with medical use as a cough aid.
On the underside of the leaves there are numerous hairs, so the underside of the leaf evaporates water less than the top is bare. The underside (mother) feels warmer than the top (stepmother) - hence the Russian name of the plant.
Other Russian names: dvuhlustnik, kamchuzhnaya grass, iced cowl, mother grass, one-sided, king-potion.
How does it look
The coltsfoot plant has a long, branched, creeping rhizome. Two types of shoots develop from the buds on the rhizome: flowering plants and vegetative ones.
What does a coltsfoot look like? The plant has flowering, erect shoots covered with ovate-lanceolate, often brown leaves. On each of the shoots develops a single before flowering, and after the drooping head, consisting of a cylindrical single row, bare flat receptacle and bright yellow flowers of two types.
The medicinal plant the coltsfoot has external flowers - female, reed. The flowers, which are in the middle of the inflorescence, are bisexual, tubular, fruitless.
The fruit is a cylindrical achene, with a tuft of soft hairs. After fruit ripening, flowering shoots die off.
Some time after the beginning of flowering, vegetative shoots develop, which carry several rounded-heart-shaped, angular, white-tomentose below, from above bare leaves with long petioles. More details on how the plant looks like can be seen in the photo of a mother and stepmother. Appearance (photo) coltsfoot
Coltsfoot grass is popular in Europe, Asia, Siberia, Africa and America. In Europe, grows to Arctic Scandinavia.
Usually found on sites free of sod, on the banks of reservoirs, on the slopes of ravines and landslides, often in areas subjected to anthropogenic impact - fields, vacant lots, landfills. It grows well on clayey soil, but is also found on other soil types, including sandy, pebbly river banks. The flowering time in the European part of Russia is April.
- vitamin C,
- complex carbohydrates,
- essential oil,
- organic acids.
The popularity of coltsfoot in traditional medicine is due to the unique chemical composition.
The use of coltsfoot when coughing and bronchitis is effective thanks to the mucus that is part of the plant, which envelops the airways, prevents irritation. Saponins, organic acids liquefy dry cough, remove sputum. Read more about the coltsfoot cough in this article.
The plant is effective in complex treatment for sore throats. Coltsfoot is used for stomatitis, purulent infections, inflammations.
Tannins in the plant do not allow bacteria to multiply and spread throughout the body. The plant is used for colds.
Outwardly, a coltsfoot is used to treat skin diseases, acne on the face, itching and dandruff on the head. To enhance hair growth, plant-based decoctions are used.
How to collectFor medicinal purposes, use the leaves of the plant. The timing of the procurement of parts of the plant vary depending on what part of the mother and stepmother you will collect. To collect plants, choose sunny, dry weather. Collect flowers at the very beginning of flowering, until they turn white and the first true leaves appear. Tear flowers without stem. Dry the stock in a well-ventilated area so that it does not mold.
After a period of flowering leaves appear. Terms of harvesting the leaves of mother and stepmother can be found on the basis of the appearance of the plant. When the leaves disappear upper fluff, the upper side will be smooth, cold, and the bottom will be covered with white omission, and from this it seems that it is warm, and then collect the leaves of mother and stepmother. Peel the leaves with your hands, leaving a small scape.
Dry the leaves under a canopy in a well-ventilated place without direct sunlight. Can be dried in a special dryer at a temperature not exceeding 35 degrees. Turn leaves periodically to evenly dry.
Understand that the leaves are ready, you can on the characteristic folded appearance. The short scape easily breaks. Before removing the raw material for storage, sort it, as the leaves covered with rust should be no more than 3%. The dried leaves are odorless, the taste is bitter, with a sensation of mucus. Store raw materials in paper or cloth bags.
Take a cough and colt decoction as an independent or additional treatment. The plant does not absorb nitrates, therefore it effectively cleans the lungs.
- Dried leaves - 1 tbsp.
- Boiled water - 200 ml.
How to cook: Fill the leaves with water, close the container with a lid, heat in a water bath for 15 minutes. Infusion mother and stepmother occasionally stir. After cooking, cool and strain the mixture. Bring the filtered mixture to a boil. Keep the decoction in a cool place for no more than 2 days.
How to use: Take ½ cup in the form of heat 2-3 times a day 1 hour before meals.
Result: It has an expectorant effect, cleans the lungs of dust.
Broth for bronchitis
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi. The disease is primary or secondary, when bronchitis develops as a complication on the background of chronic diseases.
Coltsfoot with bronchitis has antitussive effect. The plant is part of the chest coughing fees. The coltsfoot with tracheitis or bronchitis is used together with flower baskets and leaves.
How to cook: Cover the plant with water, boil until the water has evaporated to half. After cooking broth strain.
How to use: Eat 1 tbsp. every 2 hours.
Result: Expectorant, improves the general condition of the body, supports during illness.
Infusion for asthma
Asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory tract. Exogenous allergens are considered to be a provoking factor in the development of the disease.
Common allergens are plant, food, book dust, fish food, particles and animal dander.
20−40% of people with this disease reveal a reaction to drugs. In 2% of the disease was obtained due to work in a harmful enterprise or in a perfume shop. Coltsfoot with asthma is an effective remedy.
- Coltsfoot - 4 tsp.
- Boiling water - 1 cup.
How to cook: Fill the components of the plant with boiling water, leave for 30 minutes.
How to use: Take ¼ cup 4 times a day.
Result: It has an antiseptic, expectorant effect.
Infusion for pneumonia
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung tissue of an infectious origin. There is a disease when attacking a bacterial infection, the causative agents of which are pneumococcus, streptococcus, staphylococcus, fungal infections, herpes virus.
- Crushed leaves of the plant - 1 tbsp.
- Water - 1 cup.
How to cook: Fill the plant components with boiling water, leave for 30 minutes.
How to use: Take up to 5 times per day chilled.
Result: Coltsfoot with pneumonia has an expectorant effect, produces mucus, which reduces inflammation.
Useful properties and benefits of coltsfoot health
- has anti-inflammatory, disinfecting and expectorant effects,
- strengthens the immune system
- treats the flu
- eliminates rhinitis,
- relieves inflammation in the intestines,
- helps with gastritis and ulcers,
- stimulates internal secretion
- treats diseases of the respiratory system
- relieves inflammation and cramps,
- helps to get rid of cough
- removes phlegm
- treats bronchitis, tuberculosis, asthma, laryngitis,
- helps with epilepsy,
- increases vitality,
- gives strength
- relieves toothache and stomatitis,
- accelerates the healing of purulent wounds, burns,
- relieves skin diseases
- strengthens hair
- eliminates dandruff.
Contraindications and harm coltsfoot
- individual intolerance,
- liver disease,
- children under 2 years.
With the use of plants worth being careful. As with many medicinal plants, grass should not be abused, otherwise health problems and signs of poisoning may appear: nausea, diarrhea, fever. It can cause great harm to the liver. This is due to the content of alkaloids, which have a negative effect on humans. The general course of treatment with a plant should not exceed 1.5 months per year.
When and how to collect a coltsfoot
For medicinal purposes, as a rule, collect flowers and leaves. But the roots of perennial grass will also be beneficial to the human body.
Of course, the collection of parts of the plant should be carried out away from the city, roads, plants and pastures of animals. Transfer to the place of drying is recommended in a basket or paper bags.
When the flowers are picked
For the preparation of raw materials inflorescences should be collected in early spring (March-April). At this time, they concentrate the greatest amount of vitamins and other useful elements. Baskets should be dissolved, but with no signs of wilting.
Collect flowers with your hands together with the stem (about 5 cm) in the morning and in dry weather.
They are used both in dry form and in fresh.
How to dry and store
Note that the inflorescences and leaves of the grass must be dried and stored separately from each other.
To dry the raw material, spread it out in a thin layer on a tray in the shade. The leaves should be placed with the white side up, turning them from time to time to evenly dry them.
The room should be well ventilated. Avoid direct sunlight.
Dryers and dehydrators are also suitable for drying. Set the temperature to 40-45 ° C.
Keep flowers and leaves in a dry and dark place. Use paper bags, cotton or linen bags, a glass jar or wooden utensils for storage.
The shelf life of the baskets is 2 years, the leaves are 3 years, the roots are 1 year.
The use of coltsfoot in traditional medicine
Herbs are used for medicinal and cosmetic purposes.
In folk medicine, the plant is prepared juice, infusion, decoction and powder.
For cough, cold, flu, choking, asthma, bronchitis. 1) Pour 1 tbsp. crushed dried leaves 250 ml of hot water. Put on a small fire and bring to a boil. Hold another 15 min. After cooling, strain and take 1 tbsp. 5-6 times a day.
2) 1 tbsp. pounded flowers pour 1 cup of boiling water. Let it brew for 40-60 minutes. Then strain. Take an infusion of 1-2 st.l. 3-5 times a day before meals.
When coughing. Rinse your mouth.
From the cold. Crush fresh leaves with a knife, put it in gauze and squeeze out the juice with your hands. You can use a juicer. Bury it with 3 drops in each nostril 2 times a day.
From stomatitis and toothache.1) Rinse your mouth with infusion or decoction 2-3 times a day.
2) Prepare the juice from the fresh leaves of the plant with a juicer or gauze. Use it to rinse 2-3 times a day.
From skin diseases, acne, purulent wounds, burns. Treat problem areas with a decoction of leaves or infusion of inflorescences (recipe, see above).
The plant is an available natural drug for the elimination of diseases, mainly the respiratory system. The plant has found wide application in medicine of the countries of Eurasia, North Africa, Central Asia and America. And you must use the medicinal properties of coltsfoot instead of harmful medicines. ,)
Biological plant description
Coltsfoot (Asteraceae family) is a perennial herb.
It has a creeping rhizome, fluffy stems covered with pink scales depart from it.
They are decorated with baskets of bright yellow flowers.
The Latin name is Tussilago farfara L., which translates as "eliminating cough."
The Russian name is explained by the particular structure of the leaves of the plant - the underside is soft (“mother”), and the top is smooth and cold (“stepmother”).
They are rounded, with notches along the edges, dark green in color, up to 20 cm in diameter.
It grows everywhere - on ravines, embankments, river banks, prefers lighted places. The flowers appear first, in March - April, then the leaves make their way.
Harm and contraindications
If you do not comply with the recommended dosage and neglect the restrictions on the use of coltsfoot, you can, instead of use, significantly harm your body.
It is necessary to use only high-quality raw materials for the preparation of home remedies, and when buying ready-made - to check the shelf life.
There is also evidence of the carcinogenic effect of alkaloids, so in some countries the coltsfoot is not commercially available. It can not be taken:
- Pregnant and lactating women can interfere with the development of the fetus or provoke miscarriage.
- Women suffering from delayed menstrual cycle.
- People with liver disease (cirrhosis, hepatitis). Alkoloids contained in a plant destroy its cells.
- Children under 2 years old.
- While taking antipyretics, some dietary supplements and vitamins.
- In case of individual intolerance of the plant.
Consult with your doctor before adding a coltsfoot to your medications, because you may not be aware of these contraindications.
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Ways to use coltsfoot
All aboveground parts of this herb have healing properties. Previously, the roots were used for treatment, but now it is not practiced.
Yellow baskets of inflorescences are harvested in early spring, leaves - in the first months of summer. It is necessary to collect strong, intact parts of the plant and only in clear weather.
Dry the raw materials in the open air or in a special oven at a temperature of 50-60 ° C, so all the useful substances are stored.
Then they are separated, because the flowers are stored for 2 years, and the leaves - 3.
Store in a closed container or linen bags.
On the basis of herbal preparation, infusions, tinctures, decoctions, teas, fresh gruel and juice, medicinal “cigarettes”, powder, tablets, medicines and syrups are prepared.
Decoction of leaves
- collecting leaves mother and stepmother - 1 tsp,
- boiling water - 1 cup.
Raw materials brew in an enamel pot, close the lid. Place in a water bath or low heat, heat for 15 minutes, stirring constantly.
Take 1/3 cup, 3 times a day before meals. Duration - 2 days. Useful decoction for inflammation of the throat and lungs, bronchitis.
It is an effective expectorant, helps soften and release sputum.
It is also prescribed for inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and heart disease, dosage - 1 tbsp. spoon 6 times a day, before meals.
External - for strengthening hair (rinsing) and treatment of wounds (washing and compresses).
- dried flowers - 20 g,
- boiling water - 1 liter.
Pour the baskets and leave to infuse for 1 hour.
Strained infusion, take 100 ml 3 times a day for stomach ailments.
It normalizes the acidity of the stomach (about the treatment of gastritis folk remedies written here), soothes irritated mucous membranes and promotes its healing.
Outwardly it is used for gargling. Widely used in the treatment of laryngitis in children folk remedies.
Fresh plant juice
To get it, use young leaves, which are doused with boiling water and scrolled in a meat grinder.
Squash squeeze and add an equal amount of water, heat, boil for 2 minutes. Take 1 tbsp. spoon, three times a day (after meals).
Juice is useful in vitamin deficiency. To get rid of a cold, 2 to 3 drops are instilled into the nose.
Tincture on vodka
- raw materials from dried flowers of the plant,
Take the components in equal volume, mixed in a glass bottle. Put in a dark place for a week.
The dosage is 30 - 40 drops, once a day. Tincture stimulates the metabolism, strengthens the immune system.
Despite the curative composition, coltsfoot is used only as an additional means of treatment.
In order not to be mistaken with the dosage and not to harm yourself, consult with your doctor.,
How and when to collect, from which diseases folk recipes from coltsfoot will help - look in the offered video.
Previously, the genus was understood in a substantially broad sense. Many of the species that are now part of the genus Blekopyrnik (Petasites) were previously classified as the genus Tussilago
- Butterbur smooth or radiant (Tussilago aquatica).
- Sweet butterbur (Tussilago pyrenaica).
- Butterbur cold (Tussilago frigida).
- The butterbur hybrid (Tussilago hybrida).
- White-burriton cliff or reddish (Tussilago rubella).
- Siberian Butterbur (Tussilago sibirica).
- False Butterbur (Tussilago spuria Retz).