Rejuvenated, able to take root among the stones, content with water droplets and breeding in the most difficult conditions, is rightly recognized as the most undemanding plant. If you chose a young for decorating a rock garden, curbs or other parts of the garden, planting and caring in the open field for the plant will not require a lot of effort from the site owner.
The numerous species of the mollusk belonging to the Tolstiankov family are found not only in flower beds and alpine hills. These succulents are quite appropriate in the forest and forest-steppe zone of Europe and Asia. Herbaceous winter-hardy perennials are extremely undemanding to the conditions of growth, they multiply by seeds, but more often form a dense semblance of a carpet, occupying territory with the help of daughter plants.
In garden design, this culture feature, its simplicity, and the amazing decorativeness of the compact star-shaped rosettes of thickened leaves, due to which they were young, received one of their names “stone rose”, are actively used.
How and when to plant young in open ground? What you need to know about caring for a plant?
Features and breeding methods
Today it has become more and more popular. More than a dozen species of this plant are used as a green garden decoration, and the number of cultivated varieties has long exceeded several hundred. Gardening centers and nurseries for planting and caring for the young in the open field offer young rooted rosettes and seeds to summer residents.
It is much easier to use daughter plants. They easily take root in a new place and soon they themselves give a tiny offspring sitting on elongated mustache shoots.
The funny look of a large rosette strewn with children predetermined one more name young, under which the plant is known in the USA and Europe. This is a “chickens hen”.
Seeds to grow young is more difficult. But for those gardeners who want to replenish their collection at once with a multitude of unpretentious plants unlike each other, it is worth trying to master the cultivation of the young for open ground from seeds.
Growing young seed from open ground
To land in the ground in the middle of summer, sowing is carried out in February or in early March. Seedlings do not need a large layer of soil, so choose a wide, but not deep container with drainage holes.
For planting reed need a light, aerated substrate, eliminating the stagnation of moisture. Succulents do not need a lot of nutrients, so the ready-made composition for cacti or a mixture of equal parts of peat and sand with the addition of crushed charcoal is quite suitable for seedlings.
Seeds are spread over a wet surface and barely sprinkled with fresh soil. Germination proceeds under a film or glass. Until the shoots appear, the greenhouse is ventilated from time to time, preventing the formation of condensate. With the advent of sprouts, the container is transferred to the sun, moderately, but regularly watered.
To seedlings were strong, they need a lot of light. But direct sunlight, especially during the midday hours, can cause burns on young, loose leaf plates.
Approximately two months later, the seedlings dive, spreading 5–6 cm apart. Practically all of the youngsters intended for planting in the open ground are ready for disembarking for permanent residence by July.
Planting rejuvenated in open ground and care for seedlings
Before planting grown or collected from adult plants sockets, you need to select a suitable site. In the sun, the young form more dense decorative rosettes than in the shade. In addition, small plants are easily lost among the taller population of the flower bed. Therefore, for planting molodil and care for him in the open field are more suitable places on the curbs, the front alpine garden or flower beds. Culture perfectly settles in balcony boxes, flowerpots.
It was unpretentious, but it grows better in open sunny places with light soil. Her fertility plays a minor role.
Sockets grow well even on stony hills with a small alluvial layer of soil and almost not containing humus sand. Sand is added to dense clay soil or chernozem; crushed charcoal, fine expanded clay or pebbles will be a useful component of the substrate. They are also used for mulching the surface of the soil after planting.
Child rosettes on the young appear in June, then they quickly grow up and in a couple of weeks they are ready to be transferred to a new permanent place. In some areas of the Urals, in the north-west and in Siberia, planting has grown in open ground and the care of new plants in a flower bed may be delayed for 7–10 days, but this does not affect the survival of unpretentious ornamental culture.
Before planting young rosettes, it is very important to rid the soil of weeds, especially of perennial, rhizomes that reproduce by their roots. When the young begin to grow, the appearance of weeds will worsen the appearance of the flowerbed, but it will be very difficult to get rid of them without harming the cultivated species.
The distance between the individual sockets when planting depends on the varietal characteristics and the growth rate. The larger the adult specimens, the less often the planting of young seedlings is young. On average, the interval between the holes is 5–10 cm. But already next year, a luxurious carpet with a rich texture and palette will be in place of individual outlets.
Care for the young outdoors
The youngsters are planted in moist soil, then the area is carefully watered using a divider. In the future, most of the cultivated species do without additional care. Only in particularly hot months, the young ones become discolored and lose their tone, letting you know about the lack of moisture.
The plant is excellent for shallow sprinkling, which does not erode the soil and does not violate the integrity of the green cover.
Until the sockets grow, it is important to maintain the looseness and cleanliness of the soil. Top dressing for molodil are optional. If they are carried out, then only liquid means in the spring and during the active formation of children.
With minimal care after planting in the open ground, the young became completely rooted and grew by the fall. Therefore, these plants winter well. But they ate late with disembarking, not acclimatized sockets are affected by frosts and do not survive until winter.
You can save sockets planted in August and September by covering them with spruce branches or a covering material for the winter. In the spring, the snow melting field should be removed immediately, so that the plants do not rot.
Before wintering, adult plants are cleaned of wilted peduncles, dead leaves and other plant debris. Since the plants are retiring with green leaves, caring for the young in the open ground in winter involves maintaining a sufficient layer of snow over the flowerbed. More attention is not needed. As soon as the spring warmth comes, and the drifts melt, tight green rosettes will reappear in the light.
Rejuvenated in landscape design - recommendations for growing, planting and care in the open field
Gardeners love young for the fact that it does not occupy much space on the site, but at the same time it pleases with beauty no less than even spreading plants. Therefore, in landscape design, the sockets are young, planting and caring for which do not usually cause difficulties, are used quite often.
Regardless of the specific variety of young, it can be grown on almost any summer cottage or in the garden. It can be planted in the open ground at the end of February, because it is highly frost resistant. But how to do it right?
- The easiest way to grow young from seed. Small plants are planted in the open ground. First, the seeds are sown in small plastic cups. It is best to use clean river sand as a primer. Spill the soil with hot water, put the seeds in there and deepen it no more than a couple of millimeters. Cover with a film to create a greenhouse effect and put in a bright and warm place,
- The first sprouts of the young should appear in about a week. Until a small whole rosette develops, it is necessary to water young people with warm water as often as possible, but not to allow excess moisture, to protect sprouts from drafts and from cold, to provide the maximum amount of daylight,
- As soon as the snow on the street thaws, it will be possible to plant young in the open ground. But first, the soil must be properly prepared. As a rule, it was young - the plant is undemanding, therefore it can grow even on stony and clay soils. But all the same it is necessary to dilute the earth with sand that it was more friable. The soil should not be too acidic to prevent rotting of the root system;
- It is important to ensure good drainage for the young so that excess moisture does not stagnate in the ground. Also make sure that there are no weeds and pests on the area where you plan to grow a stone rose. This plant is strong and stable, but the Maybug can gnaw the root system, which will certainly lead to the death of the young.
As for the process of planting in open ground, small outlets are planted at a distance of about 15 cm from each other. If we are already talking about large outlets of this type of plant, then the distance can remain the same. It is important here that the root system of each outlet of the young could firmly fix in the soil.
In landscape design it was young, in the process of planting and caring in the open field for which something special is not required, it often lands on alpine hills and stones.
This is justified, since this plant does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the soil and prefers dry and warm places more. But some rules still need to be observed.
- It is recommended to water the stone rose plants only when the soil is completely dry. Drought is not so bad for the young, as an excess of moisture. If the ground is constantly wet, then the lower leaves of the plant will begin to rot, and then the root system together with the socket,
- Watering young in the open ground should be in the soil, trying not to wet the outlets. You can spray them periodically from the spray when the weather is very hot. And then, this should be done without fanaticism, and only when direct sunlight does not fall on the plants,
- In the process of caring for molodilom should constantly remove dried leaves and sockets from plants. This will not only improve the appearance of the flowerbeds, but also enable stone roses to develop rapidly,
- Try not to plant tall plants further around the stone rose. They will shade rejuvenated. And the stone rose is very fond of sunlight. This will not only close the beautiful plants from the eyes, but also affect their development, making it slower. In addition, the lack of light has a bad effect on the color of the leaves young,
- You should not get involved in dressing molodil in the open field. Excess organic matter can only harm the plant. It is best to periodically apply fertilizer to the soil for cacti or succulents,
- For the winter, you can cover nothing with stone roses in the open field. As horticultural practice shows, over the summer and autumn, plants of this type should have time to develop a powerful root system, due to which the roses will tolerate severe frost well. But if the rosettes are very small, it is possible to cover them for the period of cold weather with spruce twigs for your own comfort.
Reproduction and Replant Tips
As for transplants and breeding, then everything is also relatively simple. The plant is not capricious, and therefore does not require additional conditions. In landscape design, it is important not to replant the plants too often, so that they have enough time to be fixed enough between the stones. Consider the features of reproduction and transplantation of stone roses.
- Caring for young means rare transplants only as needed. To transplant plants into the new soil is necessary only when the old earth is sufficiently exhausted. And it happens every 3-4 years. Changing the ground before this time makes absolutely no sense
- For reproduction, you can use not only the seeds, but also the daughter rosettes of the stone rose. So it will even be better. After all, it will be possible to observe the development of sockets, and not to wait until the sprouts grow. This is especially true for large alpine slides,
- It is best to separate the affiliated rosettes in the spring or in the middle of summer. Then they can grow as fast as possible before the onset of cold weather. This should be done carefully with a small sharp knife or blade. Places of cuts need to be powdered with wood ash or pharmacy activated carbon,
- If we are talking about breeding with even very small rosettes, then we should first plant them on separate beds, and only then plant them on all other plants. If the child sockets are large in size, you can immediately plant them in a permanent place. Usually they have already powerful roots, which can only be fixed in the soil.
Planting and care in the open field for the young is a very interesting thing. It's so exciting to watch the development of new outlets and change the color of the leaves of this mysterious beautiful plant. This perennial has already managed to win the hearts of both experienced gardeners and novice gardeners. Choosing the right place on the site, moderate watering - all this will make the leaves of any variety rejuvenate bright, save the plant from diseases.
Rejuvenated - stone rose
Few plants can please gardener with a combination of exotic beauty, the ability to maintain the attractiveness of leaf rosettes for almost the entire season, and even Spartan resistance. One of these unique inhabitants of the site will be a young one - a stone rose, as this evergreen perennial is also called, which looks particularly impressive in garden compositions.
Rejuvenated reminds a rose bud with dense fleshy leaves, sometimes they are covered with fibers. The diameter of the succulent is from 10 centimeters, some hybrids reach 15. There are about 50 species of amazing plant, and the varieties are much larger and they all differ mainly in shades. There are instances of green, bluish, pink, rich red, brown-purple leaves. You can collect just a delightful collection.
It blooms young only in the third year of life, it pleases with flowers for about two months. A brush with red, yellow or pink "stars" appears on the thick peduncle. Unfortunately, after that the adult socket dies. You should not be upset, by that time the next generation will grow up and new copies will quickly take the empty seat.
How to grow young
Stone rose to the quality of the soil on the site is absolutely undemanding, in nature, it lives even on the rocks, where there is almost no soil. For the root system, just a few centimeters of soil is enough. However, if there is a desire to grow succulent indoors, you will need a mixture for cacti with the addition of expanded clay and wood chips. Another important factor is the lighting. In the garden for the young it is necessary to choose the sunniest part. Even in the slightest shade, the leaves will lose their brightness and become faded.
You can propagate young by seed or vegetative way. Seeds are sown in March to a depth of about 1 centimeter, at a temperature of about 20 ° C, they will germinate in 5 days. In July, young plants can be transplanted. But to spend time and energy on the cultivation of purchased seeds is reasonable only if it is important to bring a new look. It is much easier to put the kids at a distance of 15 centimeters from each other, they will quickly take root.
In addition, the stone rose reproduces perfectly well without any help. After some time, you will notice that a whole family has formed around the perennial. Children keep on thin shoots emerging from the sinuses of the leaves of the mother plant. Having strengthened, they take root and continue to grow independently.
Succulent does not need frequent watering, it is quite enough once a week.
Proper planting and care of the young in the open field
Diseases and pests are not affected, do not burden the gardener with the need for weeding. The frosty winters are very well tolerated, but sometimes they rot from moisture accumulation in the flower rosette. You can protect the plant by covering it with a cut plastic bottle. You should not worry if after melting of snow the color of a stone rose will be brighter, this is normal. The early spring tones of the young always are saturated, from May the leaves turn green, and in late autumn they return to the same brightness again.
Stone rose in the garden
In ancient times, perennial often planted on the roofs of houses. Today, such a decision is hardly popular. But to create green garden figures will help exactly young, as a perennial for a very long time retains decorative.
В ландшафтном дизайне этот оригинальный суккулент органично выглядит в рокариях, японских садиках и альпийских горках, среди камней и крупных валунов. Если высадить растение в контейнерах и вазонах, можно на весь сезон украсить участок, террасу, беседку или веранду.
Понравилась статья? Проголосуйте!
11111 Рейтинг 4.00
Главная » Капуста » Молодило каменная роза выращивание из семян
Цветы молодило — каменная роза посадка, уход, фото
Молодило (Sempervivum) — род растений семейства Толстянковые
This plant takes its Latin name from two Latin words (semper) meaning "always" and (vivus) meaning "alive." The “always alive” flower was young — it got its name because of its unpretentiousness and ability to survive in various conditions.
Rejuvenated - succulent plant, perfect for decorating alpine slides and rockeries
There are still as far as the Russian names of this flower are “stone rose” and the second one used in everyday life is “hare cabbage”.
The name “stone rose” was due to the ability of the flower to grow young on stony soil, and the name “hare cabbage” because of the plant itself, its leaves look like a small head of cabbage with fleshy leaves in different directions. There is one more name of the flowers that was young - this is “thunder grass”.
In Europe, there was a long-standing belief that young flowers protect against lightning strikes, because of this belief in the Middle Ages, young people were planted on the roofs of houses. And one of the varieties of flowers of the young has the name - the roofing roof that covers the roof (Sempervivum tectorum). In natural conditions this flower is found in most European countries, in the countries of South-East Asia and in the countries of the Caucasus region.
The variety that grew in Russia is called Russian, the variety that grows in the Caucasus is Caucasian. The flowers are used in ornamental plantings, on alpine hills, as a decoration of the tracks, and various stony hills. Also, young flowers are used in medicine in the form of infusions, decoctions and additives in the ointment.
Planting and care
Rejuvenated reproduce mainly vegetatively, from the mother plant produces many daughter small rosettes. Planting takes place in the spring, and you can plant in the summer, the main thing is that the flowers take root in a new place.
Planting large plants can be done immediately to a permanent place, small children can be grown on the beds. You can also breed young, seeds are sown in early March, at a shallow depth, seeds germinate very quickly, usually one week after planting, plants are planted in a permanent place in beginning of July. The planting of the young produce in the sandy soil mixed with garden soil, the soil should not retain moisture, for drainage of excess water it is better to make a drainage from pebbles or claydite. it is necessary, they do not require watering because they have thick leaves that accumulate water and can stay for a long time without it. Feeding is also better not to produce, so as not to cause excessive growth of the plant. The most important care for flowers is to prevent stagnation of water, this plant does not tolerate.
More articles on this topic:
The most popular variety - roofing young:
- Its distinctive feature is the red edging of the leaves.
Sockets are slightly flattened or spherical, the size of the bush is average: diameter up to 20 cm, height up to 8 cm. It develops with other plants without any problems.
Designers use young roofing in rockeries with multi-colored stones.
- It is a very simple variety, its leaves are not bright, and the diameter of the outlet reaches 5 cm. It will look great on a site where there is little greenery, this will give freshness and vitality.
- It has small sockets with a diameter of only 1-2 cm. Landscape designers use this variety in miniature flower beds and low rock gardens. To cover the earth with cobwebby young, plants should be planted close to each other.
Young Russian are found in wild pine forests:
- Therefore, this variety is perfect for decorating a country wooden house. The diameter of the rosettes reaches 6 cm, the leaves are light green.
- Each leaf has a pinkish edge. The sockets are large, the diameter reaches 12 cm. The flowers are also pink in color, which gives the garden a special tenderness. It is recommended to plant this variety with exotic, rare plants.
Growing flowers in the garden and at home
It is much easier to grow young at home:
- Each individual can be planted in a separate pot, and you can have several flowers in one, making up the composition. The soil is chosen loose, it is best to choose a special soil for growing cacti. In the acquired soil, you should add pieces of coal on your own, which will absorb excess moisture. In the pot there should be a drainage hole, a layer of expanded clay should be placed on its bottom. Threshing is rarely watered, no more than 3-4 times a month, and even 1-2 times during the cold season. When watering it is very important to ensure that water does not fall on the leaves and does not slide into the sinuses.
The plant loves cold winters, so if you can take it outside or on the balcony. In open ground, the plant does not freeze and remains green, even if it is covered with snow.
In the same warm room, the young may become sick or even die. In the garden, a stone rose is one of the most unpretentious plants. For successful growth and development it needs only a sunny place and limited watering.
It would be best not to water the plant at all, but to plant it in a poor sandy soil. For the young, you do not need additional feeding and fertilizer, this will only cause harm. While the plant is young, care will consist in weeding out in the nearest territories.
When the plant begins to multiply, it will be able to deal with weeds and parasites on their own. In order for the young to continue to flourish, and its carpet grows, you need to remove faded sockets in a timely manner. Do not be afraid that there will be an ugly hole, this place will quickly take a descendant.
The easiest and fastest way of breeding stone roses - spikes, in large numbers can be found around adults. Young plants take root as soon as they touch the ground. Soon you can see the "thick carpet" of the subsidiaries. Gardeners often use this breeding method when they are used as soil-breed for breeding. Like any other plant, it is grown from seeds:
- Seeds can be collected on their own, and you can buy ready-made in the store. Seeds are sown in a shallow container with a special ground for cacti. The soil at this point should be slightly moistened. Deepen the seeds in the ground is not necessary, they are laid on the surface. The optimal time for sowing is the period from February to March. The best temperature for seed germination up to 25 degrees. When the first shoots appear, they can be watered, but the amount of moisture should be strictly limited, as water spoils the plant. Two months later, the seedlings dive at a distance of about 5 cm from each other. There should be a distance of at least 10 cm between the plants at a fixed place in the garden, transplantation takes place in July.
Since the plant tolerates the winter period well, it does not require special shelter or other conditions. On the contrary, under the snow he will have a fresh look and green leaves.
Shelter is made if the plant is young, that is, it was planted not in summer, but in the middle of autumn, and did not have time to get stronger. Wintering of these plants will take place under the spruce branches. More information can be found in the video.
- Login or register to post comments.
We grow stone rose - young
The young plant (Sempervivum) is often called the “stone rose” or “velvet rose”. Because numerous fleshy leaves form round rosettes that look very similar to the buds of the royal flowers. You could also hear the name “rabbit cabbage”.
And indeed, at first glance, the plant can be taken as another decorative and very original variety of cabbage. Several plants planted next to each other form a so-called “fluffy carpet”, which perfectly complements rockeries and curbs. Depending on the variety, the color of its leaves is different.
Leaves can be green, red, pink, silver, brown. Once every life, each outlet has a young flower (usually in the 3rd year). Gorgeous bloom shades delight the eye for 7-10 weeks.
Accurately determine the grade is recommended when planning and drawing a particular flower garden, for example, rock garden or rock arias. In this case, you will not only be able to more clearly present the future composition, but also successfully pick up other plants.
Let's get acquainted with some varieties of this amazing plant. This is one of the popular varieties. The main "highlight" - green leaves with a red border. In height the bush reaches 8 cm, in diameter - 20 cm.
Sockets can be spherical or slightly flattened. Molodil roofing looks good in rockeries, dominated by stones 3-4 shades (gray, red, pink, purple).
With other plants, it gets along excellently. A very simple and at the same time interesting variety. Leaves are pale green. Diameter of sockets up to 5 cm.
Particularly advantageous looks young Wolfen, if the garden has few green shades. This variety will be a “peculiar note of freshness” on your site. The diameter of the sockets is 1-2 cm.
Due to such a small size, the plant is ideal for low rock gardens and small flower beds. Spider youngs are recommended to be planted very close to each other in order to form a continuous beautiful rug. A plant of this variety can sometimes be found in pine forests.
And if you are planning a flower garden, in the so-called "forest" style, boldly plant a young Russian. Light green leaves form rosettes with a diameter of up to 6 cm. The original addition of a flower bed is guaranteed for you. Truly a royal grade.
The leaves are red-green in color with pink tips. The diameter of the sockets up to 12 cm. Also charming pink flowers deserve attention.
A young marble is ideal for complementing rockeries, in which rare and unusual plants are planted. As you can see, each variety has its own appearance in its own way, therefore, choosing which sort is suitable for your garden is what. Moreover, only the most popular varieties are listed. Consider now how to plant and grow this flower in your summer cottage.
It is best to plant the seedling through seedlings, but it can also be grown from seed, though this is quite troublesome. The simplest option is to buy a seedling in any gardening store or nursery. As a rule, the selection of varieties of rearing is simply huge.
You can also purchase the cherished seedlings on the Internet in specialized shops selling plants. The most difficult and lengthy option is to grow young from seeds. This option is suitable for those who at the beginning of spring grows a lot of different seedlings and has experience in this matter.
Growing from seed
In February-March, the seeds need to be sown on the surface of moist soil in a small container. Such a soil in which cacti is usually grown (peat + limestone) is optimal.
For looseness, you can add chopped wood ember. The seedling must have grown at a temperature of + 22-25 ?. As soon as the seedlings appear we start watering. Watering should be not abundant, but regular. The most important when growing seedlings is lighting.
Young seedlings should receive as much daylight as possible. But! Molodil should not be too hot. This is a plant that can literally get a sunburn. After 60-65 days after planting, it is necessary to carry out a pick.
Between the “coaches” a distance of 5-6 cm should be maintained. In early-mid-July, it is time to replant the “stone rose” to the site in open ground.
Planting seedlings in the ground
The first step is to choose the brightest place on your site. If you plan to plant it in rockeries, then try to choose the very area where it is light and other plants will not shade it. Now about the soil.
Rejuvenated - it is not only beautiful, but also unpretentious plant. Therefore, the fertility of the soil does not matter much. The main thing - in preparation, remove all weeds from the soil.
Otherwise they will score and greatly slow down the initial growth. Also in the clay soil, you can add a little sand or expanded clay to remove excess water, otherwise the lower leaves may rot. Next, we determine the distances between the sockets.
It all depends on the specific brand and outlet diameter. The more massive the flower, the greater the distance. Between small sockets the optimal distance is 5-10 cm.
However, be prepared for the fact that over time, the closest-planted sockets will have to be seated. After planting a young one needs to be watered a little under the root. In the future, it is not at all necessary, if only during a steady drought. After all, this plant from the series "planted and forgotten."
Watering, fertilizing, shelter for the winter - all this is not necessary. Beauty! Not a plant, but a fairy tale! Care is only to loosen the soil after heavy rain and remove weeds and dead plant parts.
Moreover, the more often you weed young, the stronger the growth will be. Actually, this is where the “velvet rose” care ends.
Rejuvenated in the landscape
As written above, it was ideal for decorating alpine slides and rockeries. In this case, plant several plants in the same color scheme.
For example, pink or lilac phloxes, sedum, carnations and other plants with leaves or flowers of similar shades will look great with pink young. Or make a real firework of colors in rock arias. For example, you can plant several colored varieties of young, green grassy bushes and flowers of different shades.
Of course, the design options for rockeries with young ones do not end there. As an option to make a flower garden in which only young people will grow (several outlets of different varieties). It is interesting to build such a flower bed in old shoes, dishes, old tires and any interesting containers.
Try it! Undoubtedly, the process will enthrall you, and the result will please. In ancient times, the young grew up on the roofs of residential buildings. It was believed that this plant not only decorates, but also protects the house from evil spirits and werewolves.
We will extract from here another idea for landscaping your site. For example, make an interesting flower bed in a sunny place of a veranda or terrace. Or put him on the porch or window.
Why not put a few pots of young on the windowsill on the outside of the house? Finally, why not just plant on the free part of the garden? This magnificent graceful plant can bring a touch of freshness to the most inconspicuous corner of the earth. As you can see, there are really a lot of ideas and they are all simple.
One thing is clear, the young ones take root everywhere. It is not surprising that it is also called "medical zhivuchka." Consider its healing properties in more detail.
Even in ancient times, this plant was used as a medicine. Women used the leaves for anti-aging cosmetic procedures. Hence the name "Molodil". In folk medicine, the most often used is young roofing.
Moreover, for medicinal purposes, only the leaves collected during flowering are used. To alleviate the condition of pneumonia, bronchitis, cough, you can use the infusion from the leaves of the young. You need fresh clean leaves (1 tbsp.) Pour boiling water (1 tbsp.) And insist 2 hours (preferably in a thermos).
During the day, you need to drink the entire glass of infusion before eating (4 times). Fresh leaves should be applied to warts, calluses, burns and insect bites. You can wash wounds from it, as well as rinse the mouth (for example, with stomatitis). To prepare the broth, chopped leaves (1 tbsp.) Should be poured with cold water (1 tbsp.), Brought to a boil and wait for 3-4 minutes. Fresh juice rejuvenated helps to get rid of age spots and freckles.
To do this, you need to wipe problem areas 2-3 times a day. After 1-2 weeks, you can notice a significant improvement, and the skin itself is saturated with missing elements and vitamins. Fresh leaves are carefully ground with sugar or floral honey.
Take 1-2 tsp. in a day. After a few weeks of admission, the activity of the heart is significantly improved. It is also used in various homeopathic recipes, primarily aimed at the treatment of gynecological diseases.
Rejuvenated: growing and care
Rejuvenated - succulent plant from the family of Crassulaceae. In the genus, there are about 40 species and several thousand varieties. Homeland molodil consider the Caucasus, Siberia and Western Europe. In the young people called "stone rose".
This plant does have some resemblance to a rose. Only here its fleshy leaves are greenish in color, and rounded rosettes are tightly pressed to the ground. Above the carpet of adult specimens, only peduncles towers.
It blooms young fine star-shaped or bell-shaped flowers, but not valued for flowering. Outlets themselves, consisting of numerous fleshy leaves, look much more decorative. This plant is universal.
Most often it is grown in open ground. But in room conditions it feels no less good.
Growing young at home
For room maintenance you can sit young in separate pots or make a composition of several sockets. The soil for the plant should be poor and fairly loose. The best option would be to purchase a soil mixture for cacti.
В купленный грунт нужно добавить кусочки угля для аккумулирования лишней влаги. Горшочек обязательно должен иметь дренажное отверстие. На его дно нужно уложить слой керамзита, так, чтобы он заполнил емкость на треть.
Поливать молодило следует очень умеренно, а зимой вовсе сократить полив до 1 — 2 раз в месяц. При поливе нужно следить, чтобы вода не попадала в пазухи листьев. Зимовать растение должно при низких температурах, если есть возможность, нужно вынести его на улицу.
In the open ground, the plants tolerate very cold weather, and even remain green under the snow. But in a warm room, the young may simply not survive the winter without the usual cold.
Growing young in the garden
Probably, it is difficult to find such an unpretentious plant for the garden, as it was young. He needs very little: just a sunny place and the complete absence of watering. Yes, young did not need watering at all.
And it grows best on poor sandy soils. Feed the plant is not necessary, it is even harmful for him. To fight with weeds will have only at first. When the young grow up and acquire numerous offspring, it will cope with them itself.
No weed grass will make its way through its dense sockets. In order for the “mat” of the young one not to lose its beauty, it is necessary to remove in time the sockets that have faded. After all, immediately after flowering plants die, and they need to be removed.
There will be no empty place, as it will be immediately taken by the young “descendant” of the withered mother plant.
Molodil easily propagated by processes that are abundantly formed around adult specimens. Small plants "become" on their roots, barely touching the ground.
Very soon, a magnificent “carpet” consisting of daughter rosettes is formed around the young people planted in the garden. This property is used by flower growers who apply the young as a ground cover plant.
This spectacular plant is used by flower growers to create rockeries, alpine slides, borders and as a ground-cover plant - “mat”. In the Middle Ages, the leaves of the plant were used in food. At that time, they believed that eating them would help preserve youth.
Young leaves were used together with wine as an antidote, and Russian beauties rubbed their cheeks with juice to make a blush. By decree of Charlemagne, Europeans planted the roofs of their houses with young people. It allegedly kept home from lightning strikes.
And in Great Britain they used it as a living tile. Probably, such lively, green roofs looked very beautiful.
Recently, the creation of alpine gardens on the local area has become a fashionable trend in gardening and landscape design. In order for such a hill to look beautiful, ground cover plants are necessarily involved in planting. In our article today we will talk about landing young and his care at home.
Description was young
The main characteristics and distinctive features of this plant are the following:
The structure of the flower is very simple and is represented only by a rosette formed of thick leaves, without a main stem. Therefore, the care of the plant will be easy for flower growers who do not have experience in growing domestic flower crops.
The natural habitat for this flower is mountainous. The plant feels great in any climatic conditions, as it grows even on mountain slopes.
Rejuvenated - indoor plant, the diameter of one outlet which is 13-16 cm. It can appear on one large flower. After the flowering period ends, the socket dries out.
After the rosette of the flower dries up, it discards several new daughter shoots.
Grown young, not only at home, but also in the suburban areas. The scope of use of this flower is extensive: it is used for the decoration of flower beds, alpine slides, rockeries, stone gardens. Often a stone rose is planted near the borders, on the slopes, between the stones, as well as near the decorative low shrubs. Used to create flower arrangements in flowerpots. The young house is practically not exposed to pests and diseases.
The flower can be used to form landscape garden compositions on the summer cottage, on the balcony, and also as an element of the roof garden decor. The plant has a rhizome of small diameter, so for planting young at home does not require the use of large planting pots. Perfectly the plant feels young in room conditions in both the southern and northern parts of the room. However, this affects the structure of the plant. Thus, on the sunny southern window-sills, the “stone rose” will have a rounded shape, and in the shaded parts of the room the flower will extend upwards.
In order to improve the intensity of flowering plants, it must be periodically aired.
Growing young seed from home
Few people resort to this method of growing stone roses (another name for a flower, often used in Russia). More often it is propagated with the help of daughter outlets, which form a large number. But if you could not find the baby, and only the seeds are available, it does not matter. However, I want to warn the readers of "Popular about Health" that the seed method of growing a culture implies a long development cycle and a complete loss of the varietal qualities of the flower.
Seeds molodilas at home can be grown at a convenient time for you, it does not matter. The main thing that the house was warm - about 23-25 degrees. This is the optimum temperature for germinating seeds and sprouting. You will need a shallow container with soil for cacti, as you remember that in nature, this plant grows on stony ground. The substrate is slightly moisturized, and the seeds are laid out on its surface, pressing with a finger, but not deepening. To preserve moisture for sprouting young seeds, stretch a transparent film over the surface of the container. Remove it daily to air and control soil moisture.
The shoots of the young ones are very small, be extremely careful with them. Remove the film and place the container in a well-lit place, but shade from the scorching sun, otherwise the shoots will die. Spray the substrate lightly as it dries. Picks produce 30 days after the appearance of seedlings. Seat the babies at a distance of 5 cm. You will receive a full-grown adult plant only after 2 years.
Lighting for growing young
Molodil successfully grows in the sun and in partial shade. But with different illumination he has a different color. In the bright sun, it is saturated and bright, but not large, and in the shade it reaches a large size, but loses its brightness in color. In the spring, as soon as the snow melts in the garden, it may have a very bright color, but over time will take the usual form.
In the room it is better to put it on the south window, although it will successfully grow on any one, but it may lose its brightness.
Common diseases and pests young
The rather thin leaves of the molodil are protected by a dense skin, so the sockets suffer from pests relatively rarely. More often they attack the roots. But insects are not the most dangerous for the plant, but rot, quickly developing if the soil in the pot turns into a swamp. When choosing a method for pest control, you need to remember that the pubescent varieties cannot be sprayed. Instead, insecticide solutions are watered.
The risk of infection can be minimized, if you do not forget about prevention:
- placing all newly acquired houseplants in quarantine for at least 10–15 days,
- regular inspection of the collection and immediate isolation of all specimens on which suspicious symptoms appeared,
- daily ventilation of the room
- timely removal from the pot of dried leaves and rosettes,
- implementation of recommendations for the care of the plant, especially those related to watering,
- use only disinfected soil, clean pots and tools.
How to keep young in winter
Rejuvenated - a plant resistant to low temperatures, frost. Therefore, even in winter you do not have to mess around with it. It is not necessary to cover it for the winter, especially with film. He will not freeze out but in the spring, if the stone rose is under cover, there is a possibility of the death of the plant as a result of the debate.
Rejuvenated quite resistant to frost. It can only be covered with spruce leaves, that young plants that will spend the first time in the winter outside. In addition, professional gardeners are advised to protect the valuable varieties of young.
This can be done with the help of a plastic bottle and then the young will please you for more than one year.
In the case of dry outlets in the spring, they should be removed and replaced with new ones. If you do not do it, do not worry, because the young and very well and quickly reproduces itself.
Rejuvenated - landing and care
Do you want to decorate your garden with an alpine slide or rock arias with stone roses? Then you should get acquainted with molodilom - a perennial plant from the family of Crassulaceae. Due to the diversity of its varieties and types in colors and shapes, it is only possible to make an amazing living carpet from it. Rejuvenated attracts gardeners for its unpretentiousness, frost resistance and singularity. On the short stem of the young, the leaves are very densely arranged in a spiral, which can be covered with a wax layer or a fluff. The root system, depending on the species, can be almost invisible or powerful enough.
Many young varieties very quickly multiply independently from seed and vegetatively. But to create a certain pattern in the front garden, it is better to control this process.
For reproduction of young from seeds, you just need to sow them in early spring, sprinkling with a thin layer of soil. At a temperature of 20 ° C sprouts will appear in 5 days, before they appear, it is necessary to water regularly, then reduce watering. The grown seedlings in the middle of summer transplanted to a permanent place.
Vegetatively young can be propagated by mustache and children:
- kids: each adult rosette, before blooming, forms a small rosette in the axils of the lower leaves, it can be separated from the mother plant and planted in a new place,
- whiskers: in some species, instead of children, small stalks grow, with a bud at the end, from which a young plant then develops. Loosen the soil, firmly press the baby to her young, sprinkle your mustache with earth, and pour all over. These whiskers can not be trimmed, but if the need arises, then it must be done so that the mustache remains with the baby, this will be the future taproot.
It is easier and faster to reproduce in a vegetative way. Daughter children rosettes are cut off from the mother plant. Seeds of the same propagate impractical. But if it is not possible to get the outlet young, then you can try to grow it from the seeds.
The seed method of growing a culture implies a long development cycle and a complete loss of the varietal qualities of the flower. This method of reproduction is justified only in order to obtain new hybrids with interesting leaf shapes or colors.
Obtaining seeds independently is problematic: it is necessary to have simultaneously flowering different-sex plants and guess the moment of flower breaking, which only experienced gardeners or breeders can do.
For planting seeds, it is necessary to fill shallow containers (3-4 cm depth) with a mixture of sand and peat crumb (1: 1). Another variant of the soil: large washed river sand and garden soil in a ratio of about 2: 1.
If there is no possibility and desire to prepare the soil for sowing seeds, you can choose ready-made soil for cacti and succulents in the store, but add some charcoal to it, which will protect the root system from excessive moisture and decay. The chemical properties of the soil should not be acidic.
After filling the tanks, the soil should be leveled and moistened with a weak solution of any biostimulant - Kornevin, Heteroauxin, Zircon (2-3 ml per 1 l of water).
Sowing of seeds can be carried out at the end of winter or in early spring (February-March). We must take a bag of seeds and evenly distribute them over the surface of the container. Seeds buried in the ground no more than 1 mm. Powder the ground above is not necessary. You can powder slightly with sand. Cover container with plastic or glass.
For good germination of seeds you need:
- Provide bright diffused light and constant air temperature of about 23–25º C.
- The soil should always be wet. Watering exercise 2 times a week.
- It is also necessary to provide airing of containers for 10-15 minutes a day, that is, to remove the film or to clean the glass.
Growth and development
The first shoots will appear in 5 days, and after 7-10 days you can see the friendly shoots of stone roses.
Small rosette seedlings can be planted on separate dishes two months after planting the seeds. During this period, the size of the outlet reaches 1 cm or more, you can take them in hand and work with them normally.
When transplanting the distance between the bushes should be from 3 to 15 centimeters, depending on the type and variety of young. The pot into which the plant will be transplanted must be drained with nutshell or expanded clay into one third of the container. After a transplant, the care of a plant is normal, like an adult plant.
- Lighting. Rejuvenated prefers window sills on the sunny side. But if there are no windows on the sunny side, the plant will still feel good.
But with different illumination, the young may have different colors. In the bright sun, the rosettes are small and brightly saturated in color, and in the shade they look younger, they have large rosettes, often the leaves are loosely arranged, but at the same time the saturation of the leaf color is lost. On completely dark window sills, the rejuvenated will be stretched in length, thereby losing its decorative appearance.
The root system rejuvenated small and superficial. Nutrients are taken away from the soil slowly. The nearest top dressing can only be at 4 years of plant growth and development.
When to wait for flowering?
- A week after sowing, the first seedlings of the young seedlings peck at the disorderly rows.
- After a month, all viable seeds germinate and the slender green rows of the plant are visible in the container.
- After two months, the seedlings are decorated sockets that need to be transplanted into separate containers.
- After three months, each rosette is young rooted in its container.
- After two years, rarely in a year the young ones are blooming.
Each outlet rejuvenates blooms only once in a lifetime, and then dies. Flowering takes life from the outlet. In place of the old dying outlet, there are many new children-outlets, which are seated in other containers. The flowering period is in July. By the time the plant blooms about 1 month.
If young do not bloom, but really want, then you need to arrange the plant adverse conditions: drive into stress. A good stressful situation for young people will be thickened landings. Even very small sockets can bloom in conditions of plant thickening.
It happens that a week or two passes, but there are no shoots. You can continue to wait for seedlings in the first container, as in rare cases, seedlings appear after a month. At this time, buy the seeds of another supplier and again, observing all the technology of the growing process, achieve a good result.
We need to try, experiment, then everything will work out. Sometimes the housewives pour out the ground with non-sprouted seedlings to other flowers, and after a while the seedlings are found young in other pots.
Rejuvenated - unpretentious plant. You can grow the family in large flat containers, or it is possible to grow in small individual containers. A huge number of varieties of this plant made it a popular green pet of home and garden flower beds. You can arrange a beautiful composition right at home on the windowsill.
Rejuvenated is a perennial grass with fleshy, dense, leafy hairs, collected in multi-leaf sockets that reach 15 cm in diameter.
The plant gives a lot of side shoots that form rosettes of all colors of the rainbow: green, light green, with a purple rim around the edge, pink, purple, lilac, ocher.
The plant is flowering, stems with peduncles are usually tall, upright, not branching.
The flowers were young correct, collected in paniculate inflorescences. Peduncles fleshy, star-shaped form. Shades of flowers are diverse: purple, white, greenish-yellow, scarlet, pinkish, yellow, silver.
Origin and growth
There are more than 50 species of young.
Zhivuchka grows mainly in the mountainous areas of Central, Southern and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Asia.
In Central Russia, it is mainly the young that grows mostly young, with many varieties popular in horticulture.
There are more than 50 species of young, or stone rose, which have a large number of varieties.
Молодило не слишком прихотливо, но существует несколько моментов, оказывающих влияние на красоту и здоровье растения.
Choosing a place
Живучка требовательна к освещению, именно выбор места во многом определяет окраску розеток растения и их величину.
Молодило лучше всего поместить на открытом пространстве, с южной стороны участка. Именно под воздействием солнечных лучей листочки растения становятся узорчатыми, красочными, а розетки – многочисленными и плотными.
Посаженная вдали от солнца, каменная роза останется зеленого цвета, лишь некоторые сорта в тени способны сохранить декоративный вид.
In this article you will learn how to plant and care for viburnum buldenezh.
On the choice of ornamental shrubs, read here.
Despite the overall unpretentiousness, planted on heavy, loamy soil, the plant will suffer from an overabundance of moisture, the leaves will begin to rot and fall off.
Stone rose prefers soils that allow water to pass through well, therefore in the place of planting the ground should be mixed with a peat-sand mixture.
It is necessary to plant a stone rose on a sunny place and into a soil that is well permeable to moisture.
To prepare the most suitable soil mixture, you need to take 3 parts of sand and 1 part of peat. The resulting mixture is poured on the landing site with a layer of not more than 10 cm.
You can also use ordinary river sand, sprinkling it with a small layer on the excavated earth, or make claydite, pebbles, and granite chips to loosen the soil.
The method takes quite a lot of time, but it is quite well suited for those gardeners who want to grow a new variety to decorate their plot.
Sowing is done in late February - early March.
In the tray with a depth of 5-6 cm poured soil for cacti. The earth should be slightly compacted with a palm, from a sprayer sprinkle with water to moisten, and then seeds should be spread on the surface of the soil. You should not sprinkle them on top with soil: small seeds sprout better when laid out on the soil surface.
The tray on top is covered with glass or a thick transparent film: this allows you to keep the necessary moisture inside the dishes.
The container is placed on the windowsill, closer to the light. At a temperature of 20-25 ° C tiny sprouts appear in a week.
Within two weeks after emergence of shoots, the tray with seedlings should be periodically opened for ventilation. Over-watering young plants is not worth it - they may begin to rot.
The lid from the tray can be completely removed two weeks after the emergence of shoots, and two months later, pick out seedlings at a distance of 5 cm, and later - 10 cm.
Planting plants outside will be possible in June.
Some types of zhivuchki form a mustache at the end of which there are buds. Of them, after a young plant appears.
To multiply this young, you need to loosen the soil, squeeze a kidney to the loosened place, slightly deepening it. A bite from above should be sprinkled with earth and watered moderately: a taproot is formed from it.
Some time later, the young plant will take root, after which it, together with the mustache, can be separated from the mother plant and moved to another place.
Rejuvenated - undemanding plant. At first, after planting, it is required to occasionally loosen the soil to a depth of 1.5-2.5 cm and promptly remove weeds. As it grows, the zhivuchka will independently force out weeds from its plot.
In addition to weeds, it is necessary to remove dying shoots and inflorescences in a timely manner: they unduly thicken the flower bed, hindering the growth of young layers and reducing the decorativeness of plantations.
Like other cacti, stone rose does not like frequent watering. In a dry summer, it is not enough to water the plant once a week, and it will not be necessary to wet it in the rains.
Rejuvenated - unpretentious plant, it does not require abundant watering, top dressing and tolerates frost well
Planted in a suitable soil, zhivuchka practically does not need additional feedings, moreover, the introduction of organic matter or mineral fertilizers can destroy the plant.
Molodil tolerates frosty winters. Wintering under the snow cover, the plant maintains the integrity of the outlets and the green color of the leaves. Covering a stone rose before hibernation is not worth it - a plant can rot in a warm winter.
For young plants of zhivuchka, planted later in September and not having time to take root, in the winter, you may need a shelter in the form of fir branches.
Fight against diseases and pests
Stone rose resistant to diseases.
The main problem is rot, developing on the roots and lower leaves.
The main cause of decay is waterlogging, coupled with excessive planting density. The rot does not spread to other plants, therefore, to eliminate the trouble, it suffices to reduce watering and remove rotted sockets and shoots.
The molodil is quite often under attack from the larva of the May beetle. Settling in the soil, the larvae gnaw the roots of the plant, and are able to eat the main stem.
To prevent the emergence of larvae, it is not necessary to make the humus under the young: it is in it that the pests are most actively developing. Another preventive measure will be transplanting plants to a new habitat every 2-3 years.
The birds do not disdain with their zhivuchku: they peck dense shoots, and sometimes they turn young plants out of the ground along with the roots. A small windmill of a decorative nature or an ultrasonic repeller for birds will help scare away birds.
How to use honeysuckle in landscape design, as well as how to plant and care for it, learn in this article.
There are many varieties of young, each of which is attractive in its own way.
Spring mist - the grade differing in special density of a lilac-pink socket. The leaves resemble cloves located in a socket spiral.
Othello. The rosette color in the core is pale green, the middle leaves are magenta with a greenish rim around the edge, the outer leaves are magenta-purple. The leaf shape is interesting: they resemble small turrets.
Arachnoideum f. Rubrum. Rosette rejuvenated around the edges brownish, in the center - green. The leaves are oval, slightly pointed from above. Very beautiful "kids", forming a colony around the legs of the mother plant.
Nocturno Stone rose rich purple color scheme. The center of the outlet is very dense, the shape really resembles a rose.
Sir William Lawrence. Rejuvenated green with bright-colored leaf tips in purple. A tight fit looks very colorful.
Pacific Blazing Star. Peach-pink sockets with elongated, separately spaced leaves resemble blooming flowers.
Galahad. Wide, spreading leaves are collected in a large rosette of lilac-pink color.
Pruhonice. The brownish-pink petals stretch to the center of the rosette, which is why this young species looks very similar to a pine cone.
Vivalli. The plant forms small rosettes with a small amount of petals. Rounded leaves are painted dark purple, and their tips are light green.
Some varieties of stone roses look at the photo in the gallery:
Temperature and lighting requirements
Stone rose simply surprises with its unpretentiousness to temperature conditions, since in summer, it can grow without problems under the scorching sun, and in winter it can survive even in severe frosts down to -30˚С. Therefore, when choosing a place for your own in a flower bed, be sure to give it the lightest spot, to which direct sunlight falls all day.
If you plant a stone rose in the shade, the plant will try with all its might to grow up to reach the sunlight. Unfortunately, this feature of growth has a negative effect on the decorative properties of the flower, therefore it is better not to shade it.But if you grow or are going to plant young in a pot, then Exhibit it must be only on the south side of the house, otherwise the plant will not at all please with its beauty. In addition, in a room with a flower, it is regularly necessary to do airing, and starting from the earliest spring until late autumn it is better to put the pot with it on the open balcony.
What soil is needed for a stone rose
In the natural environment, the young live well in the mountainous rocky areas with sandy or clay soil. Therefore, if the same sandy, light soil with a good drainage system in the form of fine rubble or stones is present in your flower bed, you will not even have to fertilize it before planting a stone rose. The main thing is that the earth is not too acidic, otherwise it can lead to poor growth of the flower.
In the same case, if you want to plant a stone rose in the apartment, as a soil for it, you can purchase a complex soil mixture intended for planting cacti. But besides the soil, it also does not hurt to add a little charcoal, which will protect the root system from excess moisture and rotting of the roots. At the bottom of the pot you can pour a little clay, which will perform the drainage function. If the pot is large, one third can be filled with expanded clay.
How to plant a plant
The flower was young for planting and care in the open field will be ready from the very beginning of spring and until the last days of September. It takes root perfectly in any conditions, but still it is recommended not to delay the fall planting, since the plant still has to take root in the frosts in a new place.
If the plant for planting you is sitting in a pot, you must transfer it to a prepared shallow hole in a flower bed directly with a clod of earth that has stuck to its roots. If the root system of the plant is naked, it is simply pressed into the soil and slightly sprinkled on top of the ground. Since the root system of the molodil is very small, the plant can be planted on artificial pedestals, where there is a very shallow layer of earth.
However, despite the comment about the root system, during planting between plants it is necessary to leave a space of about 10-15 cm. Such a reserve is needed taking into account the fact that during the growing season the plant will increase in size, and next to it will also appear new processes that will completely occupy all the space left.
How to fertilize a stone rose: care for the soil
Knowing the features of the growth of this plant, it is easy to guess how to care for a stone rose. Correct to say that the soil on which grows young, fertilizer is not required. After all, if the earth is too nutritious, the rosettes of the flower will rush to a rapid growth, which, in turn, will make their color dull and unattractive. In addition, with the intensive growth, the frost resistance of the stone rose is significantly reduced.
therefore if you periodically add fertilizer to the flowerbed, as other flowers grow on it, this will be quite enough for the young. If this plant grows alone in a separate part of the garden, then half the dose of organic matter can be made around the third or fourth year of growth, when the soil is really a little depleted.
Is it necessary to water, replant and trim young
A stone flower is an undemanding plant in such care as watering, although it does not occasionally interfere with moistening the soil in which it grows. Water should not be poured onto the plant itself, but into the space around it, so that the roots themselves pull moisture out of the soil. It should be understood that if the area with young is too wet, it can lead to rotting of the roots of the plant. So it is better to let the young one miss the moisture than it will be too much, since in the first case it will not affect its growth in any way.
In the case of indoor room cultivation rejuvenated, he will not need watering more than once or twice a month. During the growing season, which begins in the spring and lasts until the autumn, the number of waterings should be increased, but you should not pour the flower. Make sure that moisture does not get into the inside of the outlets, otherwise in the absence of intense sun it will also lead to rotting.
Transplant is practically not needed rejuvenate, as in natural conditions he will have enough land for growth, especially if you fertilize it every 4 years. And in a pot, a stone rose also grows slowly, so it makes no sense to replant it in a larger pot.With pruning is even easier, since it is generally not required by the plant. In the fall, you can only remove the old dried leaves that fall down to the ground.
This method of breeding molodil is carried out even without the intervention of the gardener. Every spring-summer in the axils between the leaves of the flower, the daughter rosettes begin to develop. Over time, they increasingly grow and begin to take root, thereby occupying the area around the main flower. If you want to get a more intensive spreading rate in your flowerbeds, These daughter outlets in the fall can be removed and replaced to a new location.
Diseases and pests of the stone flower
A stone rose flower is distinguished by a very easy planting and care, and as for its pests, this question will also be of almost no concern to the gardener. Conventional diseases and pests of garden plants practically do not affect young. In rare cases Only a cockchafer can damage a plant. It is dangerous because it eats not the upper part, but the young roots, which is why its activity is so difficult to notice. In this regard, plant young in the lighted areas, distant from the trees - the habitat of the May beetles.Another “pest” of a stone rose is weeds, which grow between its rosettes. If they breed too much, then the moisture and nutrients will stop getting to the roots of the flower, which will lead to its drying. In addition, weeds usually exceed in their growth young and begin to shade it. As a result, the plant just slowly dies without regular weeding.
Well, the last misfortune that can happen to a young woman is rotting of its roots or even sockets caused by excessive moisture in the soil and air. To cope with this will only transplant stone roses to more elevated flowerbeds, which do not accumulate moisture.
Wintering a stone rose: how to save a plant?
As the winters are young, it is not difficult to guess from the description of its natural place of growth. High mountain stony areas do not please the plant with heat at all, but at the same time it still manages to survive. Therefore, if you started breeding rejuvenated at your own dacha, then you will not have to worry about his wintering either.
With the approach of winter, the grower only needs to remove all his dried flowers from the plant, and also weed the soil around, removing all weeds from it. After that, the plant can be covered only with fresh spruce branches, although in general even during a snowy winter, nothing will happen to him.
Rejuvenated - this is a great plant for open areas of the garden, especially if the soil on them is unsuitable for growing other ornamental flowers. The stone rose is also very convenient for those summer residents who rarely care for their flower beds, because even without regular watering the flower will still please with active growth and natural reproduction.
When blooms young
Flowering occurs once in life: at the age of 2-3 years in the summer a peduncle appears, at the end of flowering the upper part of the plant dies completely. It should be carefully removed from the soil.
The erect peduncle is pubescent, ending with star-shaped small flowers of white, yellow, yellow-green, red, pink, purple shade.
How breeds young
It was the easiest to reproduce in the vegetative way.
The mother plant produces a large number of whiskers, at the ends of which leaf sockets are formed. Reproduction spend around the end of May.
If the place around the plant allows, you can loosen the soil, press the "baby", sprinkled the ground itself, pour. After a short period of time, they take root, forming a continuous coating. You can complement the composition with a pattern of stones - an interesting design of the suburban area.
Another option is to separate the process (socket with mustache) from the mother plant and plant it separately (place it in the hole, deepening the whisker into the soil).
In some varieties, the processes develop in the leaf axils. After a while they crumble - collect and plant on the flower bed for growing. Pre-soil the soil to a depth of about 5 cm, pour. It is better to plant thickly to grow quality specimens.
Suitable land for rearing
The main condition for successful growth is an open area with solar lighting - the bushes will be compact, they will keep variegated colors. Damp areas are contraindicated, falling leaves from bushes and trees can harm the plant.
The soil requires light, loose, with good drainage, the reaction is neutral or slightly alkaline. Normal garden soil is sufficient to dilute with sand. With excessive nutritional value of the soil, the leaf sockets are larger, but the coloring is less saturated.
How winters young in the open ground
Mature plants winter well without shelter under the snow cover. Young plants, as well as, if a snowless winter is foreseen, should be covered with spruce leaves.
After 3-5 years of planting growth become too crowded, leaf rosettes shrink - should be seated. The procedure of the plant perfectly tolerates, but it must be done until mid-September.
Beliefs and Legends
According to ancient European legends, the young were dedicated to Thor - the Scandinavian god of lightning and thunder. According to the order of King Charlemagne, compact sockets were planted on the roofs of houses to protect against lightning strikes.
Getting inside the leaves was young with wine served as an antidote. It was also believed that carrying a stone rose outlet protected a scorpion from bites. Tincture, prepared according to a special recipe, improved the person's vision and hearing. Воспето растение и поэтами: в произведении «О свойствах трав» молодило удостоено внимания в 36-ти строках (на 6 строчек больше, чем для розы).
На Руси красавицы натирали листьями растения щеки, чтобы сделать румянец ярче.
Молодило кровельное Sempervivum tectorum
Молодило кровельное Sempervivum tectorum
По форме розетка шаровидная, слегка сплюснутая, диаметр составляет 4-15 см. Листовые пластины мясистые, крупные, верхушки заостренные. Листочки зеленого цвета, кончики имеют бордовый оттенок, есть разновидности буро-бронзовой и пурпурной расцветкой. Peduncle pubescent, densely covered with leaves, reaches a height of 60 cm. Flowers of purple shade. The flowering period occurs in the summer months and lasts about 45 days.
Sempervivum soboliferum rejuvenated photo
The diameter of the spherical rosette is about 5 cm. The leaf plates are light green in color with reddening tops. Flowers greenish or pale yellow hue.
Seduced calcareous Sempervivum Calcareum
Seduced calcareous Sempervivum Calcareum photo
The leaves are green and blue, the tips are decorated with purple spots, the diameter of the rosette is about 7.5 cm. The peduncle is up to 30 cm in height, and the flowers are pale pink.
Sempervite spiderweb Sempervivum arachnoideum photo
The sheet rosette is spherical, slightly flattened above, with a diameter of about 4 cm. Sheet plates with slightly curved tips. The coloring is light green with a red-brown shade, which is enhanced by the fall. Due to the pubescence, the plant is as if covered with cobwebs. Flowers of red-purple hue appear in the second half of July.
Large-flowered Sempervivum grandiflorum
Large-flowered sempervivum grandiflorum photo
Rosettes loose, have a diameter of about 2.5 cm, leafy fleshy plates. On the tops of peduncles with a height of about 20 cm, yellow flowers bloom. Preferably grown on acidic soils.
Molodit Pitton Sempervivum Pittonii
Young Pitton Sempervivum Pittonii photo
Very small leaves form a rosette with a diameter of up to 5 cm. The leafy plates are pubescent, green in color, with burgundy tips. The height of the peduncle is 12 cm, the flowers are light yellow in color.
Young Russian Sempervivum ruthenicum photo
Sheet rosette has a diameter of 20-35 cm. Sheet plates are oblong, wedge-shaped. Peduncle reaches a height of 35 cm, pubescent, covered with oblong leaves on all sides. Loose coryza inflorescence consists of yellow flowers with a diameter of about 10 cm.
Sempervivum globiferum rejuvenated photo
The diameter of the dense leaf rosettes is 3-5 cm, the leaves are small, green. Peduncle drawn out to 15 cm, ends with an umbrella inflorescence, flowers of yellow-green shade.
Rejuvenated undersized or dwarf Sempervivum pumilum
Rejuvenated undersized or dwarf Sempervivum pumilum photo
Sockets are very tiny: up to 2.5 cm in diameter. The coloring is green, the tops of the leaves are pointed, as if covered with cilia. It blooms in late June. The petals of a lilac-purple hue are decorated with a darker stripe running along the center.
Sempervivum caucasicum rejuvenated
Sempervivum caucasicum young Caucasian photo
With a diameter of a leaf rosette about 4 cm, the height of a flowering stem reaches 20 cm. The colors of the corolla are purple-violet and purple. When planting, be sure to add calcium to the soil.
Rejuvenated Wulfen Sempervivum wulfenii
Rejuvenated Wulfen Sempervivum wulfenii photo
It is preferable to grow this species on alkaline soils. The sheet plates are glossy, green, the diameter of the outlet is about 5 cm. The peduncle rises to 15-25 cm. The flowers are lemon-colored, at the base is a purple spot.
Secrets of planting rejuvenated and care for him in the open field
Landing is better for landing. mix for cacti, be sure to put in the pot drainage. Watering should be once every 2-3 weeks, and even less, but we must ensure that the water does not fall into the sinuses of the leaves. If temperature mode allows, it is better to put a pot with a flower on the balcony, where there is more sun.
It was a flower, but it blooms and gives fruit once in a lifetime. At the age of 2-3 years, at the large rosette, the stem begins to stretch upwards and overgrow with small leaves. It is a peduncle, on top of which there will be a corymbose or racemose inflorescence. Flowering lasts about 5 days, after which the seeds are tied, and the whole plant begins to shrink gradually.
It should be carefully pulled out.
Even a novice gardener can breed young people in his flower garden.
Description: varieties and varieties of young
Anyone who has never seen a young woman, but has heard any of his names, will certainly want to look at this miracle of nature. If not live, then at least in the photo. The plant is surprisingly similar to a rose bud and at the same time to one of the varieties of ornamental cabbage. What else, besides the appearance is different young, - landing and caring for him are suitable even for the most lazy.
It blooms only once, in summer (most often - in the 3rd year of life), but as much as 2-2.5 months. The rest of the "stone rose" pleases the eye with beautiful leaves: oblong, rounded or long, sometimes pointed. Depending on the variety, they can be green, brown, red, pink and even silver. Some species change color by season. This color palette explains the popularity of using plants in landscape design.
Now we know about 50 species of young:
- Roofing. Its leaves are green with a red border. One of the most famous varieties.
- Spider Web. Differs tiny rosettes, their diameter is up to 3 cm. The name received because of the white hairs on the leaves. From a distance, it resembles a spider web.
- Marble. Its leaves are red-green with pink tips.
- Wulfena It is considered a simple variety with sockets up to 5 cm. Nevertheless, many gardeners love it for its delicate green color.
- "Gamma". Bred by breeders rejuvenated with dark brown leaves, etc.
Popular rumor ascribes the properties of an antidote to the “stone rose”. It is also believed that the young man removes lightning from the house. That is why its landing on roofs was extended (hence the name of one of the varieties). In folk medicine, this plant treats diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, heart, respiratory tract, etc.
Planting a plant
Many people think: if it looks so freakishly young, landing and caring for it just takes a lot of time. And they are mistaken. Those who managed to get acquainted with the plant, note its extraordinary unpretentiousness. To grow this perennial in the open field, create such a microclimate:
- the place is sunny
- the soil is better than infertile, sandy, well-flowing water.
Subject to these conditions after landing you can almost forget about leaving. In other circumstances, for breeding molodil on your plot will need to make a little more effort.
Attention! The molodil worse gets accustomed on the heavy, clay soils, does not like excessive moisture, excess fertilizer.
The plant has an underdeveloped root system, so when planting it is not necessary to make large indentations. The distance between large sockets make about 15 cm, between miniature - 5 cm. After that - watering. If you plant young not in open ground, but in the window, fill the bottom of the pot with drainage. Sand or sawdust can be added to the soil. The main condition that makes growing young successful, the former is a well-lit place.
Fertilizer and feeding rejuvenated
Another fact in favor of the fact that the care of the "stone rose" is simple. Permanent fertilizer, especially organic, harms the plant. It loses its decorativeness, the leaves can change color. However, when growing young, fertilizing during the period of active growth is useful. For this purpose, you should use a complex fertilizer for cacti and other succulents.
In the spring, when planting begins, you can do fertilizing with nitrogen. For example, add ammonium nitrate to the soil (7-8 g per 1 square meter). It stimulates growth rejuvenated. After that, the plant goes without dressings.
If you are fascinated by the cultivation of young people, and you want to increase its number on your site, there are 2 ways out:
- sow seeds
- use child sockets.
Seeds are sown to a depth of 1 mm. The optimal time is February or March. Germinate them at t + 20 ° С. Shoots will appear on day 3-5. Provide seedlings with the right conditions and care: a bright place and protection from excessive sun. Planted in a permanent place should be young in the middle of summer.
The reproduction of perennial seeds is a long process. It is justified in the event that you are going to bring a new grade. In other situations it is better to choose the second method. For reproduction, it is better to separate the “daughters” from the mother rosettes in the spring, but it is possible in the summer too. Large immediately planted in a permanent place in open ground. Small before landing let them grow up on the ridges.
Rejuvenated: combination with other plants
A variety of varieties of "stone rose" allows you to widely apply it in landscape design. It is well combined with other ground cover: stonecrop, stonefrag, etc. With their help, you can create a beautiful motley carpet. Effectively, the combination in one area and different types of young.
Beautiful compositions with bright colors (such as phlox). But one rule should be remembered. Rejuvenated badly gets on with magnificently blossoming plants. They create a shadow that is undesirable for the “stone rose”.