General information

How to plant a pear in the spring - detailed step by step instructions (photo)


Let's first define the main thing - why is it even necessary? Gardeners usually come to this idea for the following reasons:

  • You want to get a special variety, but it doesn’t get well locally. In this case, the graft will allow the frost resistance and endurance of the more adapted plant to be transferred to the new pear.
  • You do not have space on the plot for another seedling, or you need to give a new life to the old tree, then this is the best solution for garden renewal.
  • In addition, vaccination gives room for experiments to people who are looking for new exotic tastes.

What can a pear be grafted on?

It is best to use as a stock - a plant on which a new variety will “sit down” - another pear. In this case, their affinity will benefit and the probability of success will be the highest. Most often, local unpretentious varieties are used as the basis.

IMPORTANT: However, even when choosing another pear as a stock, remember that both varieties must have the same “rhythms”. It is impossible to cross, for example, an early ripe species with a late one. For the success of the operation the dates of fruiting of both trees must be the same.

There are other options:

  • Apple tree. The method of grafting pears on an apple tree has been known for quite some time in gardening and is often successful. The result is an interesting tree, on the branches of which grow fruits of both species.
  • Quince. Not all varieties of pears take root on the quince, but in case of luck you will get a compact plant with an early harvest. However, this hybrid is afraid of frost, so it is suitable only for regions with a warm and mild climate.
  • Dogwood. It is believed that the graft pears take root well with such a union and you can get a good harvest.
  • Irga and Aronia are less suitable for grafting pears, but this combination is also quite viable. Grows a compact plant. However, over time, pear branches become noticeably thicker than the trunk of the carrier tree, and props will be needed.
  • A similar problem occurs when replanting pears on rowan. In addition, the fruits of this hybrid after some time become more tart taste.

Breeders continue to experiment with other species. The main rule here: combine stone trees with stone trees, and pome trees - with seed trees.

When is it better to plant a pear?

Pears can be grafted both in spring, and in summer, and in autumn, and in some cases even in winter, but for each season of the year its own method is better suited. The timing also depends on the climate in your area. Pay attention to conditions that reduce survival rate:

  • In the heat of a wounded tree can easily get burned
  • Night frosts are disastrous for a weakened plant,
  • Windy and rainy weather also reduces chances.

Therefore, it is considered that it is best to plant a pear in the spring, after the end of night frosts, on a warm and clear, but not hot day. Choose for this job morning or evening.

Graft pears

This method is used when you want to plant a pear stalk on a thicker stem or branch. The ideal time for such a copulation is the beginning of April.

The procedure for this method is as follows:

  1. It is necessary to prepare a stock: cut the trunk at a height of about 120 cm and clean the cut or cut well.
  2. In the stock is split a few centimeters deep.
  3. On the graft, you also need to make cuts on both sides approximately an centimeter from the lower kidney - so that you get a wedge.
  4. Next you need to insert the cutting wedge into the split and tightly wrap the connection with tape.
  5. To prevent the tree from dying, the wound needs to be treated by boiling or clay.

You can leave a pear branch with a long “whip” or cut it over the second bud. If the stock stem is wide, several cuttings can be inserted into it at once.

Grafting a pear over bark

This method is very similar to the previous one, but a bit less traumatic for wood. It is best to plant a pear over the bark after the end of spring frosts, but before the buds bloom.

  1. The stock stem should also be cut down and cleaned thoroughly.
  2. A longitudinal slit is made on its bark a few centimeters - but so as not to damage the wood.
  3. Then you should prepare a graft: from above it is cut off over the second kidney, from the bottom you need to make a long cut at an angle. This side of the cutting will be applied to the trunk.
  4. The handle is pressed against the trunk at the site of the incision and tucked behind the bark.
  5. The site of vaccination must be carefully treated with pitch and wrap with electrical tape.

Bridging pears

The bridge copulation method is the easiest and fastest, but it is used only when you graft a cutting onto a branch of exactly the same diameter.

IMPORTANT: If the sections of the scion and the rootstock do not match, the probability that they will grow together will be low.

It is best to plant a pear in this way in the spring at the beginning of active sap flow, but before the buds bloom.

  1. From one end of the graft you need to make an oblique incision 2-2.5 cm long.
  2. Exactly the same cut is made on the stock.
  3. Both parts tightly pressed to each other cuts and tied.

The most correct way is to do this procedure with a special copulating knife with a meme-shaped blade and one-sided sharpening.

In the advanced copulation method, additional split-tongues are also made in the middle of the cuts, which play the role of a lock and provide a stronger connection.

The whole process of grafting a pear with improved copulation can be viewed in the video:

One of the easiest options to grow a pear of the desired variety will be grafting on pear trees, for example, on wild plants. If not a wild tree is used as a stock, but a plant that has lost its varietal quality, then the graft should be selected for the terms of fruiting. If you do not comply with this condition, the fruit is deteriorating and the life of the tree is reduced. In order for the vaccination to be successful, it is better to use the following unpretentious and cold-resistant varieties as a stock: Ussuriisk pear, Forest beauty, Northerner. Trees belonging to the same species are characterized by good compatibility. In this case, you can conduct experiments, planting several varieties on a single tree. As a result, you can get a pear, which will bear fruit in different varieties.

By planting several varieties on a single tree, you can grow a pear with fruits of different color and taste.

Vaccination in different regions

In the southern regions with the vaccination of pears, much less problems arise, but, as is known, most of Russia is in the zone of risky farming. In the middle lane, in the north and in Siberia, gardeners have to face weather surprises, temperature changes, early frosts in the fall and late frosts in the spring. In such regions, it is preferable to vaccinate the pear on unpretentious plants that are less exposed to local weather conditions. Such cultures can be mountain ash, irga, hawthorn. However, we should not exclude from the attention the growth rate of the trunks of these plants compared with pear. To avoid breakage of the branches due to the difference in thickness, they resort to different methods of strengthening.

Grafting is an important process in gardening. With this technique, you can achieve many results: display new varieties or save rare, prolong the life of old trees, heal wounds, as well as affect the quality of fruits. Both professionals and beginning gardeners are engaged in grafting pears, who are eager to learn something new and achieve success in this branch of plant growing.