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How to plant carrots in spring

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Good day to all!

Talk about carrots today. Planting carrots in the spring, what could be easier - you say. Maybe so, but not all of it grows well. Why so? Let's take a detailed look at the subtleties of planting and caring for spring carrots. To get good shoots and a rich harvest.

From this article you will learn how to choose the right variety, prepare seeds and land, how to care for crops.

Planting dates

I do not advise you to plant carrots very early in the spring; The weather should be established, in the afternoon it is desirable + 15 ° С, and the soil is heated to + 7-8 ° С heat. Usually it is April - the beginning of May in the middle lane and in the Urals. May be the middle of May - what the weather will be. In the southern regions, sowing dates start earlier.

Land preparation

Carrot loves loose, light soil, fertile. For spring sowing it is better to cook the ridges in the fall, and in the spring to loosen everything. Humus, ashes are added to the ground when digging.

Fresh manure must not be used!

Carrots are very sensitive to nitrogen fertilizers and quickly accumulate nitrates. It turns out harm, and not the benefits of such a crop. In addition, root crops grow clumsy, and the smell of manure attracts pests.

Harvest!

Sowing carrots

When the time comes, we make grooves on the ridges, we water and sow the seeds. Too thick sowing is not necessary, when thinning the neighboring roots can be damaged. Well keep a distance of one to two cm. To do this, the seeds can be pasted on thin paper in advance.

Plain toilet paper is ideal here, and glue should be made from starch. Since we cannot soak such seeds before planting, be sure to water the grooves well. Then we cover crops with humus and water again.

For the quick appearance of friendly shoots, it is fashionable to cover the bed with a covering material, film or old things to preserve moisture. After the emergence of shoots, the film and things are removed, and covering material can be left to reduce watering, especially in the dry spring. Also in a row of carrots, they sift radishes or lettuce so that the rows are immediately visible.

Selection of varieties for sowing in the spring

So that the harvest could make you happy, for spring sowing you need to choose the right variety. Of course, everyone prefers different, consider the most preferred:

  • Incomparable - this carrot has a pleasant taste and is well stored. It has long roots and contains a lot of carotene, it also sprouts well,
  • Nantes 4 - a variety of juicy and tasty, well suited when the soil is dense. Root crops have blunt tips, their length is about 15 cm. Suitable for planting closer to winter, but also in spring,
  • Losinoostrovskaya 13 - vegetables are juicy and tender to the taste, suitable for dietary and children's tables. Carrot mid-season and great for storing,
  • Shantane 2461 - this variety is most suitable for storage in winter. Large roots are suitable for different purposes, they are very good, both cooked and fresh.

These varieties are the most common and well-known. If you want to enjoy the harvest in the summer, you need to choose the early varieties, and for winter storage - the middle and late, respectively.

The choice of a place for planting and planting dates

Carrot is a culture that loves open spaces in the sun and does not like shade. It grows well in places where previously grew:

But after the sorrel or parsley carrot grows bad.

With regard to the timing of planting, the optimal time in spring is the month of May. It is not recommended to plant a carrot too early, it may lie in the ground for a long time, and then rise too long. For a good fit, the weather must be steadily warm, it is desirable that the average daytime temperature be at least about 15 degrees, and the temperature of the soil - about 6 degrees. For central Russia and the Urals - this is April or the first half of May. May be the middle of May. But for the southern regions of the country, April is also suitable.

Preparing for planting carrots

By planting culture need to properly prepare. The soil for carrots should be light, loose and fertile. For planting in the spring, it is recommended to prepare the ridge in the fall, and before planting, only loosen the soil. Add humus to the ground, and when digging ashes. Do not use fresh manure.

Remember that this crop is sensitive to nitrogen fertilizers and is able to quickly accumulate nitrates in itself. The resulting crop will get more harmful, and the roots will have an unattractive appearance, and the smell of manure will attract pests.

You also need to properly prepare carrot seeds. In the dry form they can not be planted, soaking required or burying in the ground, so that they swell.

If you are planting seeds, do it right away in open ground. Seed preparation is as follows:

  • soaking occurs in clean water at room temperature, you need to keep the seeds in water for 2 hours,
  • then they are scattered on a damp cloth, and covered on top of another the same,
  • seeds are kept in the room, stirring occasionally,
  • soak the fabric when drying
  • after full swelling of the seeds and at the beginning of spitting, transfer them to harden for 10 days in the refrigerator.

Landing features: instruction and video

When spring comes the right time, make grooves in the beds, water them and sow the seeds. It is not necessary to do this thickly, because during thinning the neighboring roots can be damaged. The optimal distance is 1-2 cm. It is recommended to paste the seeds on thin paper in advance. This may be toilet paper, you need to glue with starch glue. Since such seeds will not be soaked before planting, the grooves are watered well, then the crops are covered with humus and watered again.

In order for the seedlings to appear quickly and together, the garden bed should be covered with special material, film and old clothes in order to preserve moisture. When shoots appear, remove things and film, the covering material itself can be useful for reducing watering, especially in dry weather in spring. To make the rows visible, you can add radishes or lettuce to the rows of carrots.

Beds for planting carrots need to be sprinkled with ashes and thin out the grooves to a depth of 2.5 cm, taking into account the spacing of 20 centimeters, as well as leaving the ridges along the edges of 12 cm. The distance between them is allowed no more than 1.5 cm. We level the grooves with the ground, and at the top of the bed, about 15 cm, we stretch the film for quick emergence, when the greenness appears, the film can be removed.

Some experienced gardeners, trying to facilitate the process of planting carrots, use different ways to do this. For example, many before planting seeds mix them with sand, while others stick the seeds on paper, as mentioned earlier. On the video you can see all the features of the process.

Care and possible enemies of carrots

When planting carrots in the spring, do not forget about loosening and thinning the soil. This procedure is postponed. it is impossible, otherwise the carrot will grow slowly. Approximately half a month after germination, the vegetables are pulled back the first time, leaving a distance between them of 4 cm. A little later, the distance is increased to 8 cm, for large varieties it is about 15 cm.

First, the bed should be well watered, after the first shoots turn green, watering is reduced to two times during the week. Despite the fact that the seeds do not all grow, after the appearance of the first leaves, seedlings still thin out and leave the strongest plants.

If we talk about pests of carrots, then the main enemy of this culture is the carrot fly. In young carrots, she lays eggs in the ground, then the larvae gnaws in the roots. Then they lay their eggs at the end of the summer, after which the vegetables grow poorlycoarse, get unpleasant taste and poorly stored.

In order to save the landing, the landing is thinned in the evening, the tops are immediately killed from the garden in order not to attract a fly. Similar actions are performed with the joint planting of carrots with onions. Loosening also helps well; in dry soil the carrot fly dies.

But if it was not possible to protect the crop from the pest invasion, it is recommended to wake the land between rows with ash along with tobacco and ground red pepper, the smell of which frightens off the pest. But this is for large beds will not work, immediately after germination, you can mulch the planting, over time adding shelter as it grows.

Landing tips

Key tips for planting carrots in spring are:

  • hurry up with planting is not worth it, wait until the soil is warm enough,
  • do not sow dry seeds in dry land,
  • to improve the germination of the bed cover,
  • take measures to protect against carrot flies, plant a number of onions next to them, leave them next to the garden next to thinning,
  • loosening and mulch will contribute to a good harvest.

As we see growing carrots in spring is not so difficultif everything is done correctly at each stage and to comply with all deadlines. Then in the end you will get a rich harvest in the summer.

Sowing cells from under the eggs

Another method that proved to be excellent in practice and allows you to avoid the thickening of the seedlings, to spend a minimum of time and effort on planting carrots in the spring in the open ground and further care of it.

Operating procedure:

  1. In winter, prepare the required number of cardboard trays from under the eggs, picking up cells from a well-soaked, thin material.
  2. Cut holes in the bottom of each cell so that the roots can grow through them.
  3. Put 1-2 grains of carrot in each compartment of the tray, you can mix it immediately with a small amount of soil.
  4. Transfer the prepared trays at home to your garden and place them in the grooves in the garden.
  5. Water and cover with earth.

Planting carrots in starch paste

This method is more laborious and will require you to spend some time on the preliminary preparation of planting material.

Important! Advantages of the technology:

  • uniform distribution of seeds, thinning of shoots is not required,
  • no overspending.

Planting in spring:

  1. Prepare the solution from water and suitable mineral fertilizers by carefully dissolving them.
  2. Put the solution on the fire, add a little flour and starch.
  3. Boil the mixture, stirring all the time to avoid lumps.
  4. Cool, add carrot seeds to the paste, mix well. Due to the dense and viscous structure of the paste, the seeds will not accumulate in one place, but will be evenly distributed throughout the volume.
  5. Prepare a plastic bottle of suitable size, make a hole in the cap, insert a tube into it. It turns out a kind of syringe.
  6. Fill the bottle with a paste with seeds.
  7. In the garden, dig small holes, observing the recommended depth and distance.
  8. Squeeze the mixture from the bottle into each well in small portions.
  9. Water and cover with earth.

Carrot care after planting

Depending on how successful the planting technology you chose, how you did everything correctly, will depend on the time spent on further caring beds with carrots. In any case, the basic rules must be known and respected. These include such measures.

When growing this crop, it is very important to organize a good soil moistening, but without an excess.

Important! The lack of water will affect the small size of the roots, its taste. If excessive soil moisture occurs, the vegetables will be very large, but of a rough structure, not sweet. That is, all the vital forces will go exclusively on the size.

Classic carrot irrigation norms:

  1. Immediately after landing, the water flow should be about 3 liters per 1 m2.
  2. 10 liters per 1 m2 - the rate of watering after the second thinning.
  3. 20 liters per 1 m2 - water consumption at the stage of development of root crops and the formation of abundant foliage.
  4. 10 liters per 1 m2 - such a regime with a 2-week break will be quite enough in the last 2 months before harvesting.
  5. Lack of watering - 2-3 weeks before harvest.

Important! When organizing a watering schedule, consider the natural weather conditions. It does not make sense to additionally wet the soil, if there are frequent and heavy rains. If the weather is hot and dry, then the given norms are standards that can be somewhat adjusted based on the type of soil and its condition.

Thinning

If you prefer the classic technology or even with a different technique, the seedlings are still close to each other, follow the thinning process. The best time for this procedure is 12 and 22 days after germination.

Important! If you do not thin the carrots, the roots will not be able to develop normally, as a result, all the forces of the plants will go away only to produce abundant tops, and the roots will rot in the future. Neither of which the harvest with the cultivation of carrots, we are no longer talking.

Weeding and loosening

These procedures are usually combined with thinning and watering as needed. Loosening is very necessary so that the soil does not harden and the vegetables at harvest are even and beautiful.

Important! The same measures will be an excellent prevention of rotting root crops.

The most dangerous pest is the carrot fly. But it is not necessary to treat the bed with insecticides to protect against it.

Enough to use effective folk remedies:

  • tobacco dust,
  • hot peppers,
  • mulch from mowed grass or straw.

Important! Tobacco dust or pepper is sufficient only for planting and after thinning the seedlings to spray on the ground surface.

Planting carrots in open ground is not a very time consuming and very interesting process for those who really enjoy working with the ground. We hope that you didn’t have any difficulties with remembering the rules of planting and care, and you will get a quality crop of sweet, large, smooth and beautiful healthy root crops.

Variety selection

Planting carrots in the spring is carried out with the help of seeds. Today there is a huge variety of varieties. Choosing seeds, pay attention to the shape of the root, its size, ripening time, resistance to weather conditions, color, taste, marketability.

Well proved a grade Incomparable. It is well stored and gives oblong roots, rich in keratin. The color is rich orange. If you have a dense soil, pay attention to the seeds of the variety Nantes-4. This culture is characterized by juicy and sweet root vegetables. The length of the carrot reaches 15 centimeters. Ripening of root crops comes on 80-90 day.

Early harvest can be obtained from the seeds of Alenka. Root crops grow on the 50th day of the growing season. Carrots are quite large - up to 145 grams. Another early variety is called Tushon. Approximately 60 days after planting, you can begin to dig root vegetables, which by this time can reach a length of 20 centimeters.

For winter storage is best to sow seeds of late varieties, for example, the Queen of Autumn. This carrot grows about 125-135 days. Her roots are elongated saturated orange hue. Another late giant is Flaccus. One carrot can reach 30 centimeters in length and gain 160 grams of weight.

Site preparation

Planting carrots in spring requires proper selection and preparation of the site. Best of all, this culture feels like a well-lit land, so the beds should be broken where the sun shines all the time. Pay attention to what grew on this site last year. Carrots can not be planted after celery, parsley, dill and parsnip. The best precursors are tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, onions, cabbage, garlic.

The soil for carrots should be loose. In the opposite case, the big breasts of the earth and the crust will lead to the deformation of the roots. Land preparation should be carried out in the fall. While digging a vegetable garden in the soil it is customary to add humus and wood ash. Do not use fresh manure. It will attract pests and can damage root vegetables. Be careful with nitrogen fertilizers. It is also not recommended to use nitrates, since carrots tend to accumulate them.

Carrots, although they belong to frost-resistant plants, it is necessary to plant its seeds in the firm assurance that winter frosts have completely withdrawn. If you want to sow an early variety, then focus on the second week of April. For late varieties, spring carrots should be planted in the second half of April.

In order to get a good shoot, it is necessary to properly prepare the seedbed seed preparation. First of all, seeds are checked for suitability. To do this, the material is poured with warm water and wait 10 hours. Unprofitable seeds will remain on the surface, and the good ones will fall to the bottom of the tank. When the weather is still cool, but not frosty and you want to get fast shoots, we recommend to germinate the seeds on a damp napkin for 2-3 days.

Immediately before planting seeds make the beds. The depth of the furrow should be sufficient so that the seed does not blown by the wind. For a better grip of the seeds with the soil, before planting them, water the beds. The distance between the ridges should be at least 20-30 centimeters.

Когда семена посажены, накройте грядки пленкой. Такая манипуляция поможет получить быстрые всходы. Нельзя сажать в сухой грунт сухой посевной материал. И то и другое нужно смочить в воде. Хороший урожай можно получить при тщательном мульчировании и рыхлении почвы. To further in the series formed large roots of the correct form, do not forget to thin the ridges in places where the seeds have risen too thick.

Care and Pest Control

When the first young shoots appear above the ground, it is necessary to start caring for them. First of all, you need to monitor the timely destruction of weeds. Also, do not allow the soil to dry out and form a hard crust. To root vegetables were sweet and juicy do not regret the strength and resources for watering.

It is necessary to water the crop at all periods of the growing season. When the roots begin to fill the moisture should be held to a depth of 30 centimeters. As for fertilizing, they are carried out 2 times, if you decide to plant carrots in the spring. The first dose of fertilizer is applied in 3-4 weeks after the first shoots, and the second - in 2 months.

To protect your crop from the main pest, carrot flies, we recommend planting onions between the rows of carrots. The insect does not tolerate its smell. It is also important to monitor the growth of tops and weeds. Pests start up in uncultivated areas and lay eggs in the ground. As a result, the larvae spoil the roots. Wood ash, ground hot pepper and tobacco will also help to drive away uninvited guests. This mixture sprinkled between the rows. Among the chemicals used are such agents as Actellic and Intavir. It is also recommended to plant carrots in the soil, fertilized with ashes.

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