The queen of the garden is deservedly considered a rose. But, definitely, petunia is her first vice maid of honor! One of the most interesting types of petunia is ampelous petunia, which has elegant long, hanging shoots with extravagant flowers. It is impossible to overestimate the uniqueness and beauty of ampelous petunia. Once seeing a gently waving waterfall of bright garlands of flowers, it is impossible to forget about this spectacle. Ampel petunia combines such remarkable qualities as simple unpretentiousness and exquisite beauty.
Taking into account the peculiarity of ampelous petunia, it is usually grown on balconies, used for vertical gardening of a flower garden, when decorating terraces of cafes and restaurants. Organel and elegant looks amulet petunia in the Alpine hills, where growing on the ground with its long trunks, with a huge number of flowers, perfectly emphasizes the beauty of other plants and attracts attention.
The best varieties of petunia ampelnoe
A variety of varieties of ampelous petunia can satisfy the taste of anyone, even the most fastidious grower. Varieties of ampelous petunia are quite diverse. Let us dwell on some of them:
- "Snow Queen" hybrid. The beauty of snow-white frothy flowers with a unique aroma captivates and creates a feeling of lightness and purity. Stems reach 80 cm in length.
- Diamond pearly shedes. Pale pink color of the flowers fills the surroundings with freshness and elegance. Barrel length 100 cm.
- Petunia ampelous "Explorer". One of the most common types. It has a large range of colors. The length of the shoots reaches record sizes up to 1.5 m. The strong structure of the shoots allows you to carry strong gusts of wind. Flowers are large, have an unusual wax structure that protects from rain.
- Salmon shedes velvet. Possesses apricot color very rare, unusual for petunias. New variety bred by Czech breeders.
- Easy wave red. The length of the stems is 80-100 cm. The bright red buds on the green shoots create the charm of the holiday and raise the spirits.
- Petunia ampelous "Catherine", a hybrid. Flowers of rich salmon color with streaks up to 6 cm in diameter. A cascade of magical bright colors creates unique comfort and coziness.
- Petunia "Svetlana". The variety of petunia is ampelous with elegant, up to 1 m long, lush, branched stems. The leaves on the average length of the stalks are arranged in a regular manner. The flowers are wavy, have the shape of a funnel, with a diameter of 5-5.5 cm, with bright pink veins.
- "Masha". Ampelny variety with stems up to 80 cm long, which hang down densely branched stems. Leaflets on the petioles of medium length, arranged in a regular manner. It has funnel-shaped flowers, with a diameter of 6-7 cm, bright pink with a light yellow center.
- Ramblin neon rose - a real beauty, owner of very spectacular large-flowered forms. The peculiarity of the variety is that it rises up only 35 cm, but extends to the sides almost a meter, falling in a powerful cascade.
- “Black Velvet” - a fantastic hybrid, amazing imagination! Black flowers of a velvety shade, up to 8 cm in diameter, are thickly covered with a strongly bushy bush, 25-35 cm high. The mysteriously elegant and mysterious petunia is also unusually beautiful in combination with other varieties of ampelous petunia.
After reviewing some varieties of ampelous petunia, for those who are eager to become the owner of such beauty, you can buy a flower in the store, and you can work a little and grow yourself.
For the cultivation of ampelous petunias, it is necessary to immediately consider that this is a light-loving plant. It is recommended to grow it on the window sill, facing south. If this is not possible, then it is necessary to provide additional lighting from 14 to 20 hours per day.
Amppelnaya petunia is grown from seed, moreover, of good quality. The best are the seeds of Western manufacturers, the quality of which is time-tested. Having chosen the most suitable variety, we start planting.
Petunia develops slowly, and so that by the summer it pleases with blossoming buds, it is necessary to start planting very early, preferably in February. This type of plant for germination prefers sandy, loamy soil, and for better flowering it needs to provide nutritious, loose soil.
How to grow ampelous petunia from seeds?
In order to properly sow the seeds of ampelous petunia, you need to adhere to several principles:
- prepare the tank in which we plan to plant seeds,
- ignite the prepared soil in the pan or in the oven,
- pour soil into a container and spill a strong solution of potassium permanganate,
- wait some time for the ground to dry out a bit,
- gently spread the seeds on the ground surface, not sprinkling on top,
- Cover the container with glass and place in a dark, warm place.
- when shoots appear, you can remove the cover and determine the capacity with shoots in a well-lit place,
- watering is done regularly as the soil dries,
- mineral fertilizers with a high nitrogen content are applied twice a month. This procedure is necessary to ensure abundant flowering,
- Ready-made seedlings can be transplanted as early as May, as soon as the threat of frost disappears.
With the further care of the ampelous petunia, special attention should be paid to gentle sprouts in the first month. During this period, shoots are especially susceptible to the disease called “black leg”.
“Black Leg” is a type of fungal disease that affects young shoots. Only having turned their eyes, they begin to rot at the very surface, fall and dry. To avoid this, watering with a weak solution of potassium permanganate is necessary.
To create a lush-shaped flower, the ground in a pot should be poured flush with the edges of the pot, which will prevent further damage to the hanging branches.
During the growth of ampelous petunia, it is advisable to pinch the shoots. This procedure contributes to the germination of new shoots, which gives the plant pomp and decoration.
Varieties and types
- Explorer This species has the longest sprouts. Their size can reach up to one and a half meters. In addition, this plant is powerful and not afraid of gusty winds. Large flowers have a wax surface that protects the variety from rain.
- Black velvet. The variety has an original color and heavily branched shoots. The inflorescences are large, reaching a diameter of 9 cm. Black petals have a velvet surface.
- The Snow Queen. The size of the shoots can reach up to 85 cm. White inflorescences exude an unforgettable delicate aroma. Petunia looks perfect in hanging pots and will be a good addition to any landscape decoration.
- Svetlana Variety with lush sprawling shoots. Wavy inflorescences have pink streaks and snow-white openwork edging.
- Catherine. It has large inflorescences of bright salmon color.
- Masha. Strong branchy hybrid. The inflorescences have a rich pink color with a golden heart up to 8 cm in diameter.
- Ramplin Neon Rose. Large-flowered variety with purple buds. The plant has a meter shoots, which bloom a lot of flowers.
Amunium petunia is a beautiful flower with a long and lush flowering, which, if you follow simple care procedures, will decorate the garden with bright colors for a long time.
The most beautiful and common varieties of petunias
"Avalanche" - a variety with high decorative properties with a long flowering period. It is often used for the decoration of balconies, arbors, loggias. Growing up, hanging shoots form a spectacular floral avalanche of bright juicy flowers. Petals can be painted in different colors: white, red, saturated orange, blue, purple and pink.
Shock Wave is a cascade grade of petunia, a hybrid form. It has small double flowers (diameter 3-4 cm) and shoots of medium length up to 70 cm. Its peculiarity is that it blooms earlier in 2 weeks of other ampelous hybrids. Shock Wave is easily propagated by cuttings.
Velvet is an ampelous petunia with velvet petals and foliage. This is a wonderful honey plant, attracting a huge number of bees, so gardeners often plant this variety in gardens that lack pollinators. The flowering period is quite late. The variety needs to use growth regulator and pinch so that the flowers are larger.
"Opera Suprim" - unpretentious in the care of a hybrid of the F1 series. It can easily be grown in flat conditions at any time of the year. Grows rapidly even with insufficient light and watering. Timely trimming is required to create an attractive decor element. Remarkably grows on balconies, loggias, hanging down shoots up to 1.2 meters. The buds are small and simple.
“The Snow Queen” is a hybrid with luxurious white flowers, fragrant with a delicate aroma that creates an atmosphere of purity and airiness. Stems reach lengths up to 80 cm.
"Explorer" - a common variety cultivated by gardeners with a variety of colors. This variety has strong long shoots up to 1.5 meters, which are not afraid of strong gusty winds. The flowers are large, with a wax structure that protects the variety from rain.
"Easy Wave Red" - a hybrid of ampelous petunia with a stem length of up to a meter. The flowers have an intense bright red color, perfectly in harmony with the green. "Easy Wave Red" looks especially festive and solemn.
"Catherine" - a charming hybrid variety with flowers of bright salmon color with veins on the petals. Diameter of flowers up to 6 cm.
"Svetlana" - an elegant lush variety with long shoots up to 1 meter. Leaves of emerald color are arranged in turn. The flower has the shape of a wave-like funnel 5.5 cm in diameter with bright pink veins.
“Black velvet” is a handsome man and a favorite of ampelous petunia with spectacular large inflorescences of black color. The velvety petals are up to 8 cm in diameter. The bush is lush, up to 35 cm high. The deep black color looks most advantageous with other bright petunia varieties, creating a contrast against their background.
Planting and breeding
It is possible to grow ampelous petunia only through seedlings. Before embarking on planting and caring for the ampella petunia, you should consider its location. The plant loves abundant sunlight, even with weak shade it will reduce the number of new buds, giving all the power to the development of green mass.
Planting of seedlings is carried out at three months of age, when the first buds appeared on the stems, on a warm, cloudy day, towards evening. To simplify subsequent care, planting of ampelous petunia is carried out in a very loose earth, neutral or alkaline.
You can propagate your favorite variety of ampelous petunia in two ways: cutting and sowing seeds.
Selected for grafting uterine plant must be prepared in advance. After all, the breeding procedure itself should take place in late winter, early spring.
Therefore, in the last decade of August, still blooming petunia should be carefully cut off, removing long shoots, placed in a room with a temperature not higher than 12 degrees, for example, in a cellar.
If the plant is supposed to be kept in a residential area with a higher temperature, then care should be taken to ensure that it is lit at least 12 hours a day.
Do not be discouraged and worried if in winter the petunia will have a slightly non-presentable look, with drooping leaves. This is natural, because it is hibernating. By spring, the plant will rise, with proper care quickly set to growth.
To grafting should begin by examining the mother plant for the presence of diseases and pests. Only perfectly healthy cuttings are more likely to root. Especially, if it concerns such a complex in reproduction of a plant, like petunia. The temperature in the room should not be below 21-22 degrees.
Cut cuttings from a plant about 10 cm long. On two upper leaves, cut half of the plate, remove all lower ones.
The prepared material should be immediately placed in the soil, over time the probability of germination drops sharply.
Properly chosen soil for breeding should be loose enough so that you can stick cuttings into it to a depth of 4-5 cm. Planting density - 2-3 cm between plants.
Cover the container with cuttings with film or glass, put it on the window sill.
For rooting and proper growth, a 10-hour daylight day is necessary, therefore, with a lack of lighting, it is necessary to resort to its artificial extension using lamps.
Care planted cuttings of ampelous petunia is a regular watering and spraying. To avoid the disease of the black leg watering is best carried out in the pan or on the surface of the soil to pour sand.
When the first leaves appear, the plant can be transplanted into a permanent container. Ampel petunia does not like frequent transplants. Therefore, if it is destined to grow not in pots, but in open ground, then it is better to postpone the transplant of young plants for the most appropriate time in May, when the air and the soil are sufficiently warm.
Petunia seeds are clumsy, so the reproduction of the plant should be dealt with very carefully. In many ways, the number of seedlings depends on the quality of the seeds and the temperature in the room. It should not be below 24 degrees. Otherwise, shoots will not be even with very high quality planting material.
Before sowing, the soil should be well soaked with water, adding potassium permanganate to it. For novice gardeners, it is better to give preference to peat tablets, which significantly improve germination and facilitate the care of shoots.
Small petunia seeds are placed in the ground or in each tablet with a toothpick. Powder the ground above is not necessary. The container with the planted seeds should be tightly covered with cellophane or glass, removed for a few days on the window sill or any other well-lit place.
Before the appearance of the first shoots, which is 10-14 days, the container should not be opened. Plants enough moisture, which entered the ground before planting. During this period, care for the planted petunia consists in collecting condensate at the shelter.
Fragile shoots need to be opened daily briefly to improve air circulation. At this time, foliar dressing can be carried out by spraying the seedlings with complex mineral fertilizers from a spray bottle. Every day, the period of ventilation should be lengthened, completely removing the shelter after the appearance of these leaves.
Care for ampel petunia
Ampel petunia loves the sun and in partial shade can reduce the abundance of flowering, preferring to increase the green mass. Therefore, it is worthwhile to choose the most lighted place for it, especially since with proper watering it calmly transfers the direct rays of the sun.
Petunia growing from seed when planted
Petunia calmly tolerate cooling, can withstand a drop in temperature to zero degrees, delighting with the beauty of its flowering shoots until the frost.
To achieve a good and abundant flowering plants, it is necessary to maintain the soil in good condition.
Petunia loves water, it should be watered daily, and on particularly hot days twice a day, but there should not be any stagnation on the surface of the soil. Therefore, before planting should take care of good drainage, which will not allow waterlogging.
The plant very quickly reacts to a lack of moisture - the leaves lose their saturated color, turn yellow, and the buds can fall off before they open.
How to water petunia
During the flowering period, the care of the planted ampelous petunia consists in regular, at least twice a month, fertilizing with complex fertilizers containing potassium. From this trace element increases the number of new buds, and their color becomes more intense, saturated.
Pests and diseases
The tender stems of ampelous petunia are subject to attack by aphids and ticks. Means of struggle against harmful insects can be treated with an insecticide, a solution of soap or tobacco. Snails cause significant harm, loving feasts of tender greens.
For them, you can prepare traps or with a slight attack to collect hands. Snails do not like to crawl in places that are too hard for their delicate body.
Therefore, a rather small scattering of stones, small pieces of shell from raw eggs scattered on the ground in a pot with a petunia can become a rather effective method of dealing with them.
Mold, which can appear on the soil surface due to frequent watering and stagnation of water, causes rotting of the root system, leaves, and stems. To avoid this disease, it is enough to pour some sand onto the surface of the earth, and if the first signs of the fungus are found, treat the soil with a suitable fungicide and pour a strong solution of potassium permanganate.
Petunia ampelous: description of the plant
Petunias are eagerly used for growing in the garden, in flowerbeds, decorating balconies, verandas. Она имеет самый разнообразный окрас цветков, которые могут распускаться размером не больше монетки или достигать в диаметре 9–10 см. Все это разнообразие разделяют на две основные группы: прямостоящие и ампельные петунии. The length of the shoots of upright plants reaches 70 cm, but after stretching upward, they gradually fall to the ground. These varieties often take to plant in the flower beds.The latter is characterized by long hanging shoots, which are used as a living decoration. In some varieties, the length of the loops reaches one and a half meters. Petunia is grown in pots, baskets, boxes. Sometimes it is used as a ground cover in the garden, on alpine hills, used in flower cascades.
Some experts single out another group of petunias - semi-amber It grows a lush bush with shoots no more than 40 cm and is used mainly as an indoor plant.
The plant has a variety of flowers in color. They can be monophonic, with two or three tones. At the same time, hearts, veins, a border around the edges and even just specks can be painted in a different color. Flowers of bell-shaped form can be terry or semi-double, corrugated, carved, fringed or smooth.
Hybrid varieties have evolved in two ways: many-flowered and large-flowered. Each such amunium petunia has specific rules for planting and care. So, many-flowered considered unpretentious. They are sufficiently watered in time, periodically adding fertilizer to the water, and provide sufficient lighting. They give small, up to 5 cm in diameter, but numerous flowers. Faded inflorescences disappear independently.Large-flowered can reach 10 cm in diameter, but gives not such plentiful flowering. However, their care is needed more thorough. They need a certain amount of light, heat, specific soil composition, as well as regular pruning of faded buds.
How to plant an ampelous petunia
As a rule, the cultivation of ampelous petunia begins with the sowing of seeds. In order for the plant to bloom as early as possible, they are engaged in sowing in February, as the plant develops very slowly. You can sow it in March, but you must take into account the characteristics of the variety and the conditions in which the flower will grow. It is noted that the large-flowered petunias give the first flowers at 85–90 days after sowing, and small-flowered ones - at 70–75 days. In any case, at the beginning of the growing season of the plant, he needs to provide additional illumination.
You can plant and flowering plant, buying it in a specialized store. In this case, you will enjoy flowering until late autumn.
Choosing a place for a plantWhen choosing a place for a petunia, keep in mind that she loves light very much. It will suit the south side, where during the day is the maximum of the sun. The site itself should be open and not shaded. To plant a plant in the open ground can only be sure that it does not catch frost on the ground. As a rule, this is the second half of May. The landing itself is carried out in the evening or on an overcast day.
If you want to land a petunia in the apartment, also choose the southern window-sills. In case of insufficient lighting, place fluorescent lamps in order to lengthen the light day for the plant to 14–20 hours.
In the question of how to plant a petunia, it is important to determine the correct composition of the soil. In order for the flower to give a lush flowering, the mind needs a loose and nutritious soil with a sufficient level of moisture capacity. Therefore, it will suit loamy, sandy, sandy sandy soil.
Before planting, it is desirable to dig up it with leaf humus or rotted manure. But fresh organic matter must be abandoned, as it provokes fungal diseases.
Basic rules for planting seedlings of ampelous petuniaThere are several basic rules for planting a petunia ampelous seedling. If you stick to them, you will definitely grow a healthy and luxuriantly flowering plant.
First of all, select high-quality seeds from western manufacturers for sowing. So you are guaranteed to get good germination of seeds. Choose the right and high-quality primer in a specialty store. Before sowing, it is desirable to ignite it in the oven or disinfect it with special means.
Observe planting dates.It is necessary to engage in germinating seeds not earlier than February, but not later than April. Strictly adhere to the recommendations for sowing and planting seedlings of a particular variety. So, the seedlings need to swoop in time. In the open ground it is planted along with an earthy clod, so as not to damage the root system. Amunia petunia has its own planting pattern: there must be a distance of at least 30 cm between bushes. It is important to plant water after planting, and to mulch the planted area the next day.
Water the plant regularly, focusing on the amount of water consumed by flowers. Strict temperature conditions are important only when growing seedlings. Seeds should germinate at a temperature of 18–20 ° C, and spike at a temperature of 16–18 ° C. But the most important is the mode of refreshment. Until the seedlings grow and mature, it should be lit at least 14 hours a day. The entire period of vegetation petunia requires feeding. For this, liquid or granular fertilizers are used.
How to trim ampelous petunia, form a bush
Even when the petunia is well groomed, by the middle of summer shoots from the root to the middle of the length shed their leaves, and flowering remains only at the ends of the branches. In order to preserve the aesthetics of the plant, it is necessary to carry out activities for the formation of the bush. To do this, without special pity, cut off about two-thirds of the shoot, despite the fact that there remains almost a bare branch.Amun petunia is precisely trimmed, pinching in this case will not help much. If only the end of the shoot is removed, new shoots on the exposed part will not appear anyway. To avoid the lack of aesthetics of such a procedure, it can be carried out in several stages, cutting off two to three branches at intervals of a week.
Amulet petunia: pinching
To flower was lush and flowering, it must be pinned. This will save the branches from possible damage during growth, ensure the emergence of new shoots and the density of the bush.
How to pinch ampelnoe petunia correctly? As with any other plant, you must remove the tip of the shoot, especially if it is too stretched. Together with him it is necessary to pinch off all the bloomed buds, especially if the seed boxes appeared on them. Otherwise, the plant will put all its forces on their formation, and you will not see any more flowers.