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Tips for growing a tropical tree pakhira at home

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Pakhira is a bottled tree (it stores moisture in the lower part of the stem), belonging to the Bombacce family. Homeland - South America.

Under natural conditions, it is capable of reaching a height of about 20 m, but when grown in a room it is limited to 2-3 m, and the crown is about 1.5 in diameter. The tree is single-stem, starts branching with a height of 2 m. Finger-complex leaves are attached on long petioles, their color is bright green. Pachira is able to accumulate moisture in the base of the trunk, so it is considered a succulent and bottle tree.

Flowering pachira

How pakhira blooms photo bloom

Blooming at home is rare, but it is unusually beautiful. Long (10-15 cm), narrow, numerous flowers gather in a panicle. They are whitish at the base, then beet color. Bracts in the form of cut, long, curled leaves.

Pachira after purchase

The plant after purchase must go through a period of adaptation in the room conditions of your apartment within two weeks. It is advisable to keep the tree in quarantine: away from other plants. And only by making sure that there are no pests on it, it will be possible to transfer it to a permanent place.

When the quarantine period is over, it is better to transplant the flower right away: the transporting soil is not the best medium for keeping the pachyr. Water the plant, let the soil dry and free the plant from the pot. Pick up a high, steady pot a little wider than the existing one and transplant the tree, trying to replace the old soil with a new one (suitable substrate for palm trees). After transplanting, moderately water the plant with a root solution to restore damaged roots.

Home care for pachyra

The plant is light-loving. To pachira developed and grew well, you need bright lighting. The best place to be the windows of the east and west. Contact with direct sunlight in the morning and evening hours. On the north window it is better not to grow, otherwise the plant will be strongly stretched, losing decorativeness. On the south side, shading is required so that sunburns do not appear on the leaves.

How to water a pahira

It is necessary to water regularly and moderately, with water at room temperature. Waterlogging is unacceptable: the plant will begin to hurt, the root will rot and the trunk will soften. Water through the drip pan or trickle along the edge of the pot so that no water falls on the barrel.

Between irrigation in spring and summer, the top layer of the soil should dry out slightly, in the autumn-winter period watering is additionally reduced. It is necessary to constantly maintain a balance: overdrying of the earthy coma leads to the fall of the leaves, and overmoistening is fraught with rotting of the root system.

Air humidity

Air humidity is undemanding. Dry air tolerates well. In the hot season, spray only the crown of the plant, avoiding moisture on the trunk.

In the spring and summer, apply complex mineral fertilizers in low concentration. Feed need every 3-4 weeks.

Transplant in spring. Young plants need it every year, adults - every 3 years. When transplanting, the diameter of the pot is increased by 5 cm. A quarter of the capacity is filled with a drainage from broken brick and charcoal.

Suitable soil for palm trees and dratsen. Or another slightly acidic, not too nutritious soil. You can prepare a mixture of: turf, leaf soil and sand in equal proportions. Pachirs have a superficial root system, so that the trunk should not be deeply buried in the ground during planting in order to prevent rotting in the future.

Pachyra pruning and stem-pigtail formation

Pachyra bonsai photo

For the formation of a beautiful lush crown, it is necessary to trim the crown. They do this in the spring, when the branches grow enough and mature enough. On the ground cut new shoots will appear, giving the opportunity to create the desired shape.

It is necessary to remove them when root offsprings appear in order to preserve the formed shape of the stem and prevent the plants from loosening in the future, when grown up lateral shoots will be problematic.

How to braid pachiru

Several plants, intertwined with trunks between themselves, look very impressive. To obtain such beauty, it is necessary to plant 3-4 cuttings of the same height in one container. Twist them with a pigtail or wrap in a spiral, pull the top off with a twine so that the shoots do not diverge. It is important not to drag: if the trunk is damaged, the sap flow is broken and the plants will die.

Over time, the stems will take a given shape and continue to grow. In the course of growth, cut the leaves and continue to curl the stems, but do before the stems become aged. If you remove the bark on the ground of contact of the trunks, they will grow together and will look even more harmonious.

Growing problems, pachyr pests

The trunk has softened due to overflow

Due to care errors, the appearance of the plant becomes painful.

  • Check the hardness and elasticity of the trunk. The softened trunk indicates the beginning of rotting of the root system, caused by over-wetting of the earthy clod. The plant must be dug, cut off the affected areas, process the cut with coal wood chips. After that, land the pachira in the new soil and do not water it for a week.
  • The edges or tips of the leaves turn brown due to insufficient watering, dry air or drafts.
  • The leaves become soft, curl, their tips turn brown due to temperature drops. Check if the daytime temperature is suitable, and at night it falls below normal.
  • From lack of lighting, the stem is pulled out, losing its thickening.
  • Under the influence of direct sunlight, sunburn can occur - dry spots will appear on the leaves. Apply the plant immediately.
  • Falling foliage can be triggered by an excessively large volume (the pot is too big and deep).
  • Yellowing of the foliage is due to the lack of minerals in the soil - it is necessary to make them in liquid form.

Pachyras fall and the leaves turn yellow What to do?

  • If you did not transplant the plant after purchase, the leaves will soon begin to turn yellow and fall off due to the lack of nutrients in the soil and acidification of the soil. Need urgent transplant with the replacement of the soil. To the plant quickly rooted, you can pour it with a solution of root.
  • The fall of the lower old leaves is normal, especially when the plant enters a dormant period in the fall.
  • Very dry air can also cause yellowing and drying of the leaves, you need to put a humidifier next to it or keep a plant on a pallet with wet clay.
  • Overdrying of roots also results in leaf fall. Exit - the establishment of the correct mode of irrigation. All yellowed leaves should be cut off to give the plant the opportunity to recover, it is desirable to conduct dressing to maintain the flower in a stressful situation.
  • In the cold period, the money tree may suffer from drafts: if the window is open, do not open the door. Draft and hypothermia can also cause leaves to fall.
  • Add epine to the spray water to help the plant recover when the leaves turn yellow, remembering to identify and correct the cause.

The pests of the plant are spider mites, scab. When they appear with a cotton pad, wipe the foliage with soapy water; if it does not help, treat with insecticides.

Small white worms may also appear on the surface of the soil - it is necessary to treat the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate of low concentration. You can “powder” the top layer of soil with tobacco powder or burning pepper.

Growing pachyr from seed

Pachira seed photo shoots

Pachira is propagated by the seed method and cuttings.

Seeds quickly lose their germination, so sow them fresh. Take a container with peat-sand mixture, moisten the soil, spread the seeds on the surface and sprinkle with a little earth. Crops cover with glass or transparent film. Maintain an air temperature of 25-30 ° C. Ventilate the crops daily, periodically spray the soil. Expect seedlings after 20 days. The grown young plants without picking are transplanted into separate pots with soil for adult specimens.

Pachyra reproduction by cuttings

How to cut a stalk pakhira photo

  • For reproduction, choose a terminal woody ligneus with a leaf and a bud of growth.
  • Perform grafting in August.
  • Root in peat-sandy soil at a temperature of 25-30 ° C.
  • Cuttings must be covered with a cap, film or glass.
  • Maintain soil moisture by spraying or bottom irrigation through the pan.
  • Do not forget to air the greenhouse daily.

Pachyra cuttings in water photo

Rooting in water is also possible: it is desirable to keep the cuttings in the root solution for the first day. With the advent of roots plant new plants in separate pots.

Pachyra cuttings photo

Cutting is a simple and affordable way to get new plants, without spending much effort.

Pachira water Pachira aquatica

Pachira water Pachira aquatica photo

The most common type of cultivated indoor growing. It is a tree up to 3 m high. The trunk in the lower part is thickened, and at the top there are leaves similar in shape to chestnut - this species is sometimes called Guiana chestnut. The color of the foliage is dark green. It blooms at home is extremely rare. After flowering, fruits appear with edible seeds.

The origin and appearance of the plant

In the trunk of the plant between the bark and wood there is a cavity in which water accumulates. The leaves are bright green, complex, with long petioles. They look like chestnuts, so pakhira is also called Guiana or Malabar chestnut. Under natural conditions, the tree grows to 20 m. Indoor specimens, of course, are more modest - up to 3 m in height and 1.5 m in diameter of the crown.

The Pachira land is the equatorial tropics of Central America and Asia.

Pachira flowers are large and unusual. The inflorescence consists of many narrow and long fragrant flowers. However, you can see them only in nature or greenhouses - at home pakhira does not bloom.

The fruits are also large, they are a slightly elongated lignified berry with seeds that are edible - they can be eaten raw and fried.

The most popular type of pachyra grown at home is called pachira aquatic (aquatic). The leaves are shiny and smooth, leathery, dark green. Can tolerate drought for quite some time. Pachira round-leaved (it is characterized by long creeping shoots) and silver pachyra (with silver stripes on the leaves) are also found.

Pachyra transplant

Subsequently, the pachira is transplanted once a year to accelerate growth. Better to do it in March. For adult plants it is enough to change the pot and the ground 1 time in 3 years.

    Neutral or slightly acid, light soil is required for pachyras. Leaf and turf lands plus sand in equal proportions. Also fit ready mix for dratsen or palm trees. 1/4 of the pot must be occupied by drainage - brick chips and small charcoal.

In summer, the pahir is poured abundantly, but between procedures the top layer of the earth should dry out. Water should be poured around the perimeter of the pot and not allow it to fall on the stem of the plant.

Water for irrigation should be separated, the temperature - slightly higher than room temperature. In the winter season, watering is reduced.

You need to feed the plant from mid-spring until the end of summer 1 time in 3 weeks. To do this, suitable complex fertilizers for indoor plants.

Crown trimming and trunk formation

Very often the trunks of the pachyrs are intertwined with each other - this is not a natural phenomenon, but an artificially created one. Thus, sellers and flower growers strive to increase the decorativeness of the plant. This is done as follows: several seedlings are grown in the same pot and flexible trunks are intertwined. This process is long (at least 3 years).

Interlaced trunks are dangerous to the plant, as in twisted shoots may be stagnant juices.

In the spring, shoots of pachyras should be cut off - this will limit the height of the plant and stimulate the appearance of new leaves that will make the crown more dense and lush. So you can give foliage shape, for example, the ball.

How to cope with pests - table

  1. Prevention: spraying the leaves, as the tick breeds only in a dry environment.
  2. Processing leaves with a cloth moistened with soapy water.
  3. With a strong defeat - drugs Fitoverm, Aktellik, Agravertin and others (according to instructions).
  1. Manual removal of insects and the most affected leaves.
  2. Placing next to the pachyra is a pot with a strong-smelling plant that will scare away aphids (for example, geranium).
  3. Processing leaves with a cloth moistened with soapy water.
  1. Manually remove insects with a cotton swab or soft brush.
  2. For severe lesions, treatment with Fitoverm, Aktellik, Agravertin (according to the instructions).

Gardeners reviews

My pachyra is already three years old. During this time, only once I had a problem when my mother-in-law poured the plant while I was on vacation. I had to start treatment and take urgent measures to rescue my pet, do an emergency transplant, pruning damaged roots. Then I almost lost it, good, there is a good experience of caring for plants and the Internet, of course ... I place pachira on the east window. The leaves of this flower are very poorly tolerated by direct sunlight. Do not leave pakhira in the south window or in the sun. Burnt leaves will wither, brownish burn marks will appear on them and the leaves may even fall off. But in any case the lighting should be sufficient. If the plant does not receive enough light, the trunk develops poorly and does not acquire that very colorful form. Such a pachira looks stunted and very sad.

Dragonfly

http://otzyvy.pro/reviews/otzyvy-pahira-135072.html

I can say that the pachira is a rather unpretentious plant, if you “tune in to its wave” and observe the regime. One has to watch her as if she is sick — where she likes to stand (she does not like the direct sun, only scattered and half a day) - the crooked leaves and the loss of chlorophyll are the scorching sun. The temperature is also an average of 25, both in winter and in summer, I can't stand it on the balcony. I rarely spray - when there are a lot of plants around, it means that it is not too dry. Yellowed old leaves - this is normal, I still have old leaves with stains hanging, I do not touch them. I do not spray any fungicides, I do not water it. I fertilize every week or two with a universal fertilizer with a smaller dose. Growing, one after another gives a new sheet. There is an air conditioner nearby. So it is not hot. From the heat can rot and insects to lure.

frost

http://www.flowersweb.info/forum/forum42/topic16473/messages/?PAGEN_1=5

I'll tell you about the features that I watch with my flower: 1. Pachira loves solitude. Next to the ficus, her leaves are beginning to turn yellow and fall off - and this is a sure sign that the pachyre is uncomfortable! But next to a lemon tree, pachira feels very good, not capricious! 2. Pachira - one of those water-priming plants that you can forget to water. Do not forget that pachira is a tree, albeit small, it, like all trees, likes rain, that is, spraying. But it can live without them. I do not indulge my pakhira, I water it sometimes, and thank God! 3. If you put the pachira in a dark place, it begins to grow faster in height. But not the trunk, but it turns out such a thin-stemmed ugly tree. I cut these trunks somewhere by the meter, no less. Let my pachira be better beautiful fluffy crown.

Quantika

http://spasibovsem.ru/responses/moj-lubimets-2.html

Illumination

The plant needs a bright, but scattered light. In this regard, the best place for its location will be a window of eastern or western orientation. This plant will feel quite well near the south window, but in this case it will need shading from the direct rays of the sun in the hours from 10 o'clock to 17 o'clock. When placed near the window of the northern orientation, the pakhira will lack light, because of this it will stretch out and lose its spectacular appearance. In the warm season it can be transferred to fresh air, but for placement you should choose a place that will be well protected from precipitation, direct rays of the sun and draft. But only to accustom the plant to the new location is necessary gradually.

Temperature

In spring and summer, the pachira will feel great at a temperature of 21-25 degrees. In winter, a cool 15-16 degrees is needed. In the cold season, the plant should be removed away from heating devices, and also it is necessary to protect it from drafts. Otherwise, it can start to hurt, which sometimes leads to death.

Transplant features

Young copies need annual transplantation. It is carried out in the middle of March. For transplanting choose a low pot, which will be only slightly wider than the previous one. It should be noted that it is impossible to use a deep pot for planting, since the pachyra in it will grow poorly and constantly hurt.

At the bottom, make a good drainage layer. Подходящая для пересадки землесмесь состоит из дерновой и листовой земли, а также песка, которые следует взять в равных долях. Еще рекомендуется в земляную смесь всыпать немного кирпичной крошки либо древесного угля.This plant can be planted in the purchase of a dredger, which is intended for dracaenum.

Breeding methods

If you decide to grow pachyr from seeds, then you should not forget that during storage the seeds gradually lose their germination. Sowing seeds produced on top of the soil, and they are only slightly sprinkled with earth. After spraying the substrate, cover the container with glass or film. For germination seeds need a high temperature (25–27 degrees), so lower heating is desirable. Systematic airing is required. As a rule, the first shoots can be seen in 3-4 weeks.

At the end of the summer period, the plant can be propagated by cutting. On the cuttings must be heel. For the fastest rooting, they need to provide increased humidity and heat (26-28 degrees).

Possible problems

  1. Plant rot - With abundant watering or if water often falls on the trunk.
  2. The leaves curl and turn brownish around the edges. - low air temperature or sudden drops of night and day temperatures.
  3. Specks on foliage - may appear due to the direct rays of the sun.
  4. Leaves become brownish at the edges. - poor watering, dry air or drafts.
  5. Shoots pulled out - due to lack of light.

Pachira aquatic or Pachira aquatic (Pachira aquatica)

In nature, found in tropical areas of South America. If the plant is provided with proper care, then its height in room conditions will reach 3 meters, with the crown diameter being equal to one and a half meters. For a long time, the pachyra can do without irrigation, during this period it uses liquid that accumulates in the barrel similar to the bottle. If the watering is too abundant, then the plant is affected very negatively, it may even die.

His leaves are similar to the foliage of chestnut, because pahira is also called "Guinean chestnut." Palmate-complex leathery leaves painted in dark green. At home, almost no blooms. Flowers of this plant may be yellowish or white, the color depends on the variety. Flowers are collected in inflorescences in the form of a panicle. The fruit is presented in the form of oval-shaped berries, which in length can reach 10-25 centimeters. The seeds inside the fruit are edible.

General information

The pachira plant in modern times belongs to the Bombac family, also known as baobab. But in the taxonomy of England this genus belongs to the family of malvaceae.

The plant has a slow growth, but can reach up to 3 meters in height, if it is provided with favorable conditions. The shape is a typical bottle tree, which is stored in the cavity between the wood and the crown.

It is possible to grow an indoor pachira as a single plant, but it should be borne in mind that the formation of lateral shoots and tillering occurs only a few years later, when the plant reaches the ceiling.

On the shelves in flower shops quite often found pachira with several trunks that are intertwined. Often the cultivation of these plants is a very laborious process, and not just one plant, but several at once, for this reason they are quite expensive for sale.

Judge for yourself, young plants of prosperous seedlings, gradually begin to intertwine and shape the presentation, but all this does not happen in one year. Also this plant is well used in bonsai culture.

Pachira care at home

The plant must provide good lighting, otherwise the stem is pulled out and the pachira loses its decorativeness. It prefers bright diffused lighting, although it can tolerate short-term exposure to direct sunlight. He feels great on the windows of western and eastern orientation.

If the plant is located on the window of the southern orientation, then it is necessary to provide shading in the hot afternoon hours. In summer, the plant can be taken out into the garden by placing it in a place where it will not be able to be affected by wind, rain and direct sunlight.

If there were few bright days in the autumn and winter, in spring the plant can get burned with increasing sunlight, so that the pachira should not be gradually accustomed to good lighting, it can be especially dangerous for individuals not accustomed to direct sunlight.

In spring and summer, the palm tree prefers a moderate temperature regime from 20 to 25 degrees. And in the winter the optimal temperature of the content will be the limit from 14 to 16 degrees, with this care the plant does not stretch. It is not recommended to place the tree in close proximity with the central heating battery. It is also necessary to monitor the draft, especially during the winter period, pakhira can get sick from them.

Pachira watering and humidity

Watering pachira plants should be carried out on the diameter of the pot, preventing water from entering the base of the trunks. In the spring and summer periods they observe moderate watering, they wait for the topsoil to dry before the next watering.

In the period from October to February they carry out rare watering, preventing long drying of the earthy coma. For irrigation use only warm and soft water. In case of insufficient watering, the leaves of the pachira hang and lose their turgor, and with an excess of moisture it can rot the stem.

To humidity is not particularly demanding. He feels quite well with dry air in the room, but gratefully responds to frequent spraying at intervals of 1-2 times a day, defended with soft water, it is necessary to ensure that too much moisture does not fall on the stem. Frequent waterlogging of trunks, can provoke their rotting.

Soil for pachyry transplanting and fertilizer

Young plants need an annual transplant in the spring, but already formed pakhirs need to be transplanted every two to three years. The container is necessary not deep, but wider from the previous one by 4-5 centimeters in diameter. Plants planted in deep dishes, most often get sick and grow poorly, this is due to the not deep location of the roots of the pachira.

The composition of the soil for the cultivation of palm trees must be composed of sheet and turf soil, as well as sand in equal quantities, adding charcoal and brick chips to it. You can also use the universal soil for palm trees and dratsen. Good drainage is required.

From April to August, the plant needs feeding, once every 3-4 weeks, you need to make a complex mineral fertilizer in the recommended dose of the manufacturer. Autumn and winter do without supplements.

Pachira breeding cuttings and seeds

The plant is easy enough to propagate by seed, providing soil heating with a temperature of 25-27 degrees. Seed germination during prolonged storage is reduced, for this reason it is necessary to take only fresh seeds.

They are sown in a wide bowl, practically sprinkled with soil, and sprayed with warm water. Then cover with a plastic bag or glass, occasionally airing and wiping from the formed water droplets. Shoots appear within three weeks.

Pachira can also be propagated by cuttings that must be cut at the end of the summer period and always with a heel. Rooted cuttings at high humidity in the heat.

Possible difficulties

  • Root and trunk decay occurs when improper or excessive watering, especially at low temperatures.
  • The edges of the leaves or tips brownThis may be due to insufficient watering, cold drafts or too dry air.
  • The leaves are soft, twisted brown around the edges, the cause may be a temperature regime that is below normal. It is possible that it is warm in the daytime, and at night the temperature drops below normal.
  • Light dry spots are formed on the leaves.may be caused by intense lighting or sunburn. It is necessary to provide the plant with shading from direct sunlight at the height of daylight, summer.
  • In low light, if you place the plant away from the window, the stem is pulled out, and the thickening almost disappears.
  • Pachira can be damaged by a scapula and spider mite.

Description of the origin and appearance of pachyr

Pahira is a member of the Bombak family and a close relative of the baobab tree. It grows in tropical zones of Africa, India, and also in South and Central America. The climate in the habitats of the plant is very changeable - drought comes to replace high humidity. This abrupt climate change affected the ability of the pachyra to accumulate moisture for the future.

Under natural conditions, the pachira grows up to 20 m in height. At room cultivation, its growth is limited to 2–3 m. If the area of ​​plant maintenance is limited, its growth can be kept under control, while pruning young shoots in time.

The thickening in the lower part of the stem, which makes the pachira look like a bottle, is a characteristic feature of the plant. In a special cavity, the liquid necessary during the dry period accumulates. Because of this feature, the pachyr is called the bottle tree.

Its name, translated as "fat", pakhira received because of the shape of the trunk.

The leaves are palmate-complex, leathery, located on long petioles and painted green. Very reminiscent of chestnut leaves. In their form, pakhira is often called Malabar or Guiana chestnut.

Do not use special waxes or polishes for processing, as they can cause the leaves to die. To make the leaves glisten, it is enough to wipe them off with a damp cloth.

Pachira blooms only in nature, sometimes in the greenhouse. The flowers are very beautiful, large, up to 35 cm in diameter. Inflorescence resembles a whisk. At home, to achieve flowering is an impossible task.

In place of the blossomed inflorescence fruits appear - oval-shaped berries of olive color, up to 25 cm in length. Seeds are quite edible, they are consumed raw and fried.

Care at home requires certain knowledge and skills. But this does not mean that the novice florist will not be able to cope with the cultivation of pachira.

Varieties suitable for indoor floriculture

Pachira genus includes 45 species. But not all of them are grown in indoor floriculture.

Pakhira water (aquatic). This is the only kind that can be successfully maintained in an apartment. Can grow up to 3 m in height, the volume of the crown - 1.5 m in diameter. At home it grows slowly. Leaves have a glossy surface. Over time, form a dense crown. Cultivated plant at home does not bloom.

Pachira silver. It is very similar to the aquatic pachira, but its distinguishing feature is the stripes of silver color on the green foliage.

Pachira round-headed. In the culture is extremely rare. Its feature are long shoots covered with round leaves. Used as an ampelous plant for decorating offices, shop windows.

What do you need for landing?

Pakhira prefers to grow in the soil, which is not distinguished by increased nutritional value. But it must be loose, breathable and have good draining properties. Soil acidity is neutral. Soil mixture can be prepared by mixing in equal parts:

If you can not find the ingredients, then the soil for palm trees is quite suitable. You can add a little perlite and pieces of coal.

The pot is shallow, but wide. The root system of the cultivated pachyra, unlike the wild-growing one, is located closer to the surface and will not be able to master too much soil. Consequently, a deep pot will necessarily lead to acidification of the soil, which can cause the plant’s disease and even its death. The size of the planting pot should be 10% larger than the previous one. To give the plant greater stability, use ceramic pots.

Do not forget the drainage. Now more and more spread the opinion that it is not necessary. Indeed, in nature, the plant is well developed without it. But do not forget that in natural conditions the plant grows on suitable soils for it and is not constrained by the volume of planting containers.

Young plants require annual transplanting. This process, conducted in mid-March or in April, stimulates growth. After attaining the age of five, the pachyr is transplanted 1 time in 3 years.

Drainage poured into the bottom of the pot with a thick layer, and top fill with suitable soil.

Carefully remove the pahira from the old pot and drop it into the prepared one.

Fill the rest of the land. It does not need to be sealed by hand. It is better to water the plant and after the precipitation add the remaining to the required level.

After planting we put the plant in a slightly shaded place without drafts.

If you want to transplant the purchased pachira, completely freeing its roots from the transport ground, do the following:

Taking a pahira from the pot, rub the earthen clod with your hands and shake it gently, freeing the flower from excess soil.

Then slightly fluff the roots and lower them into a container with water for 15 minutes. Slightly chat in the water to release from the remnants of the earth mixture.

Remove the plant from the water, remove the remaining soil and inspect the roots. Remove damaged. Shorten the healthy roots slightly (you can not do this).

Dip the plant in a pot. Carefully place the roots on the sides of the cone and add the rest of the earth.

Correct watering

Watering the plant in the summer should be regular and in an amount sufficient to completely soak the earthy coma. Remember to drain excess water from the pan. Before the next moistening the earth should dry out slightly.

In winter, watering is reduced, but does not allow long-term drying out of the earthy clod. Water used is soft, settled and warm.

Moistening the soil, try not to fall on the trunk, so as not to provoke its rotting.

Watering can still be done in the following way: immerse the plant pot 2/3 volume in a basin with water. Leave for a few hours. But this method should not be used if the temperature in the room is below 20 or the plant has just gone through a transplant.

Like any plant, pachira needs feeding. It is best to use fertilizers designed for palm trees. Fertilizers are also suitable for leafy ornamental plants. They are brought only in the wet soil, 1 time in 3 - 4 weeks.

Begin to fertilize in April, with the onset of the growing season, and finish - in September. In order not to burn the root system, the concentration of fertilizers is slightly reduced.

Nuances of trimming

Unlike the trunk, the crown of the pachira grows very quickly and needs pruning. It is carried out in the early spring or summer. Removed weak, long or dry shoots. Too long branches are shortened. The procedure helps to form a lush and beautiful plant crown. The spherical or oval shape is most suitable for pachyre.

Trunk formation

Many of you have seen in the flower shops a pachira with a pigtail-like trunk. Such a wonderful tree can be made at home by yourself. This process is very long, lasting 3 years or more, but it is worth it.

First you need to plant in one pot 3 or more young plants of the same age and height. Their stems are intertwined with each other and for the strength of the construction and further habituation they are tied with strong twine in several places. Do not use fishing line or wire, they can damage the bark on the trunks and disrupt sap flow. Also do not try too tight to pull the trunks. A prerequisite for this procedure is a soft, non-woody stem. It is easier to braid it in a pigtail. Determine the height of the intertwined trunk yourself, removing the side shoots and braiding further. Do not touch the top of the head. To make the trunk look more harmonious, the bark is cut off at the points of contact and allows the trunks to grow together.

It is easy to create a bonsai from a pachyra due to the slow growth and a small amount of a planting pot. But this process is only for a very patient grower, as it takes even more time.

Table: care errors, their manifestation and elimination

  • dry air
  • draft.
  1. In the summer you need to spray the plant.
  2. Remove the plant from the draft.
  • Waterlogging due to
    too deep a pot.
  • Dry and hot air.
  1. Replant the pachira in a shallow container
    water properly.
  2. Remove the plant from the radiators.

Table: diseases and pests, their identification, treatment and prevention

  1. Pahira dig and inspect
    root. Remove all rotten
    plots, and slices sprinkle
    crushed coal.
  2. If the softening of the trunk is only
    started pruning damaged
    places to healthy tissue and
    close the wound with garden pitch.
  3. Leave the pachira for some

time in the shade to dry
wounds. Then planted in a new
soil and do not water a week.

  • Do not overmoisten the soil, especially during lower temperatures in the room,
  • When watering and spraying try to avoid getting water on the trunk.
  • wash the pest under a warm shower,
  • maintain an acceptable level of humidity.
  • remove the shield with a cloth moistened with soapy water,
  • periodically inspect the plant in time to identify the pest,
  • air the room more often.

Rooting cutting

If you spent spring pruning of the pachira, then, unfortunately, you will not be able to use the received material. Для укоренения подойдут черенки, заготовленные не раньше середины августа. Срезать обязательно нужно с «пяточкой» — кусочком ствола.

  1. Черенок поместить в увлажнённую смесь из песка и торфа.
  2. Накрыть плёнкой для поддержания высокой влажности и температуры.
  3. Температура должна быть в пределах +26°С.
  4. Примерно через 2 недели должны появиться корни.
  5. An ingrained stalk is planted in a pot with a substrate suitable for adult plants.

Some gardeners prefer rooting cuttings in water. In this case, you should periodically change the water so that the cutting does not rot. When the roots develop enough, the cuttings are planted in the ground.

Seed propagation

For planting use only fresh seeds that are not more than 6 months. To get a guaranteed result, you need to have at least 5 seeds. A good time for sowing is spring.

  1. Seeds are sown in capacity, lightly powdered with earth.
  2. A uniformly moistened soil mixture should have a temperature of + 25 ... + 30 ° С.
  3. Planting container covered with glass or package to maintain a constant temperature and humidity.
  4. The greenhouse is kept under diffused light, airing every day and remove water droplets formed on the glass or film.
  5. Seeds germinate in 3 to 4 weeks.
  6. Then they are planted in the soil mixture for adult plants and maintain high humidity throughout the week.
  7. If the seedling develops normally, one month after planting it can be fertilized.

Cultivation Reviews

I have long been attracted to the pachyr by its trunk shape and very beautiful leaves. In all reference books and magazines its trunk was braided by a pigtail, it drove me crazy. And once they gave me this flower! He is simply superb! As for the care, he needs good lighting and watering as the soil dries!

Darina

http://ru.badgood.info/reviews/content/pahira_vodnaya_komnatnoe_rastenie

I can say that the pachira is a rather unpretentious plant, if you “tune in to its wave” and observe the regime. One has to watch her as if she is sick — where she likes to stand (she does not like the direct sun, only scattered and half a day) - the crooked leaves and the loss of chlorophyll are the scorching sun. The temperature is also on average 25 and in winter and summer, I can not stand it on the balcony. I rarely spray - when there are a lot of plants around, it means that it is not too dry. Yellowed old leaves - this is normal, I still have old leaves with stains hanging, I do not touch them. I do not spray with any fungicides, I do not water. I fertilize every week or two with a universal fertilizer with a smaller dose. Growing, one after another gives a new sheet. There is an air conditioner nearby. So it is not hot. From the heat can and rot and insects to lure.

frost

http://www.flowersweb.info/forum/forum42/topic16473/messages/?PAGEN_1=5

I made several conclusions out of all my torments - watering for the pachira should be very rare, she loves the sun, despite all the assurances of the sellers that the plant is shade-tolerant, the pot should be smaller - the better - her roots are very underdeveloped - that is, all trunks are three-four "strings", you should not bury the trunk, when irrigating water should not get into the trunk, otherwise it will rot at times, during transportation the plant should not be stalked in any way, that is, in fact, it is the same cactus, only with leaves and without thorns Attenti on

P.Pilat

http://www.floriculture.ru/forum/topic1129.html

I, too, my husband recently presented a pakhira, the trunk gossiped into a pigtail, I will soon be replanting it in a normal ground, otherwise it is still in the store substrate. And scary, but necessary. While once a week I water it in a saucer and spray it. She stands on my balcony with other flowers, the sun is only in the evening. While growing, it releases new leaflets.

// Pupasena // *

http://www.babyplan.ru/forums/topic/5025-u-kogo-est-pahira/

If you tell your friends that baobab grows in your house, they just won't believe you. But it is quite possible. A close relative of the huge tree - pachira, feels excellent in the indoor environment. Sitting under a homemade baobab with a cup of tea, you can feel like a real hunter and dream of an upcoming safari with a camera in your hands.

Plant description

Pakhira water can grow to a height of 20 meters. Between the bark and the wood, this tree stores water. The barrel has the shape of a bottle and expands closer to the root. The trunk is covered with smooth leaves growing on long cuttings. On cuttings you can see a smooth green bark. The flowering period of the aquatic pachyra begins in June and ends in November, but with proper care this period can last year round. During the flowering of the pachira, the water does not shed its leaves, as some of its relatives do.

Flowers are located on a long panicle, up to 35 cm in size. The size of flowers can be up to 10 cm in diameter. The colors may be completely different: from white to pink or pale green. The aroma of flowers resembles the smell of vanilla. On flowers there are many stamens.

After the fruit ripens, they are split in the center and you can see the seeds. In each fruit, from 10 to 20 cm long, from 10 to 25 seeds can be counted. They are also called nuts, because they are covered with durable brown skin. Nuts are absolutely edible. Of these, you can grind flour and bake bread. In addition, they can be eaten in any form: boiled, fried or raw. Moreover, leaves and flowers can also be eaten, and drinks made from nuts are reminiscent of chocolate.

Pachira in East Asia

In this part of the world, pahira is more called the money tree. In Japan, this tree received the status of decorative, for a long time. For the first time, several trees were cultivated in 1986 by a Taiwanese driver, after which it became quite popular in Japan. Subsequently, this status of the money tree spread throughout East Asia. This tree is grown on various enterprises, farms, as well as private property, because it symbolizes the accumulation of capital. This tree can be found with the presence of various elements on it, including red ribbons. The Taiwanese economy exports $ 7 million pakhirs annually.

The tree can be grown from cuttings as well as sowing seeds. Pakhira can grow alone. To grow stronger and bush this plant begins when it begins to reach the ceiling. On sale you can find several trees pakhira, woven into one. Unfortunately, these are expensive specimens, since it takes time to create such masterpieces. Pachira is widely used to create a tree in miniature (bonsai).

Pahira Feng Shui

Masters of feng shui pahira are associated with good luck, material well-being and health, which brings this tree to the house. Each finger of the pachira leaf, and five of them, symbolizes the natural elements - metal, water, fire, earth, and wood. It is believed that with the formation of the next leaf of the pachira increases the wealth of the family. The presence of this tree in the house contributes to the formation of a special aura, which enhances the effect of positive and weakens the effect of negative energies, formed on the principles of Feng Shui.

Location and lighting

Pahira, as a representative of the tropics, needs good lighting. It is able to withstand the effects of direct sunlight for a short time, but it “responds” more to diffused bright light. With a lack of light, the plant loses its decorative properties. Feels good on the west or east side of the house. It can also grow on the south side, but when there is a high intensity of sunlight, it requires shading.

In summer, the pakhira can be brought out to the open air. To do this, you need to find a suitable place: without drafts, sunlight or rain. Since spring, the plant is gradually accustomed to increasing amounts of light, otherwise the tree can get sunburn.

Temperature

In spring and summer, the optimum temperature for growing pachyras in the range of 20-25 degrees. With the onset of winter, the temperature of the content can be reduced to 14-16 degrees. In winter, pakhira should not be placed near batteries and heating devices. So that the tree does not get sick, it should not be placed in such places where there can be drafts.

Fertilizers and fertilizers

During the period of active growth, the pachir needs to be fed with mineral fertilizers no more than once a month.

Annually, without fail, transplantation of young trees. To do this, take the pots with a diameter greater than the previous 4-5 cm. Mature trees are transplanted as needed. Transplantation is carried out in March-April, when the plant is still at rest. Since the roots are not large, the pots are not deep.

Cropping and crown formation

The ratio of the diameter of the trunk of the pachira and its height depends on watering and visiting the tree. The more abundant the watering and the less light, the stronger the pachyra is drawn out and becomes similar to a regular thin-stem tree. In order for the plant not to stretch upwards, pruning should be started from spring. At the site of the cut, the pachira branches and becomes more lush. As a rule, the crown pakhirs try to shape a ball or an oval.

It is very often possible to meet a pachira with several intertwined trunks. The formation of such a tree from several seedlings usually takes more than one year. On sale, these trees cost a lot of money.

Difficulties in growing

  • Pakhira water does not tolerate drafts or wind, so it must be placed in well-protected places.
  • If the plant lacks moisture, it can shed its leaves.
  • With improper watering during the cold season, rotting of the roots or the trunk is possible.
  • If the tips of the leaves turn brown, it means that the tree is little watered, especially with very dry air.
  • It is possible to twist the leaves with a large temperature drop of day and night.
  • When placing a tree in the shade, the loss of its decorativeness is possible: the stem is pulled out and the lower thickening disappears.
  • With the appearance of dry light spots on the leaves, which indicates a sunburn, pachira need to pritenit.
  • If the air is too dry, a spider mite or a scythe can attack.

If you follow all the rules for the care of pachyra aquatic, then this decorative tree will delight you for a long time with its beauty.

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