Having appeared in Europe in the XVIII century, promptly won popularity thanks to the unpretentiousness and a unique graceful look. Known tsiperus also under the names syt, Venus grass and sedge turn.
Tsiperusy - perennial evergreen herbaceous plants with erect triangular reed stems. The top of each stalk is topped with an umbrella whip consisting of sessile linear leaves. Depending on the type of plant, the leaves can be light green, dark green or even two-colored.
These moisture-loving plants are widely used for decorating and decorating fountains, aquariums, artificial waterfalls, and water conservatories. In room culture, tsiperus is able to decorate any green corner and give it a tropical look.
Since tsiperus grows practically in water, it evaporates a lot of moisture, saturating its air, which favorably affects neighboring plants.
Types and varieties of tsiperus
Despite the huge number of species of tsiperusa, at home and greenhouses bred only a few of them.
Cyperus papyrus or Papyrus (Cyperus papyrus L.) - one of the most ancient species. Known for the fact that papyrus was made from it in ancient Egypt, as well as weaving baskets and mats, and even built boats.
Distributed this tsiperus in a wild-growing form in the swamps of Ethiopia and Egypt. At home, it is not grown because of its large size - the plant reaches a height of 3 meters.
In a culture found in greenhouses. The stem of the papyrus is upright and strong, ending in a thick whorl of long, hanging leaves. From the axils of the leaves appear many-flowered inflorescences on thin stalks.
Cyperus umbrella or leaf turn (C. alternifolius L.) - is the most common in cultural cultivation. This species is distributed along the marshy river banks on the island of Madagascar.
The plant is perennial, grassy, up to 1.7 meters tall. The stem of this tsiperus is also erect, and at the top has an umbrella-shaped crown. The leaves are narrow, linear, hanging down, having a length of up to 25 cm and a width of 0.5-1 cm. The flowers, collected in small panicles, appear in the leaf axils.
There are garden varieties of this tsiperus:
"Gracilis" - distinguished by its compactness and narrower leaves,
"Variegatus" - has leaves and stems of white or mottled with white stripes.
Tsiperus sprawling (C. diffusus Vahl.) - a plant up to 90 cm high, with numerous basal long and wide leaves. In the upper part of the leaves are narrower, collected in umbrellas of 6-12 pieces.
Tsiperus care at home
Tsiperus refers to plants, home care for which is not difficult.
Tropical handsome able to tolerate shading, but still he is more “to taste” bright diffused light. Easily tolerates hitting the direct rays of the sun and needs protection from them only in summer. When choosing the location of the plant, it is better to give preference to the southern or western windows.
Perhaps its content and artificial light. In this case, use fluorescent lamps, which include 16 hours a day.
The optimum temperature in the summer is 18-20 degrees above zero. In winter, it is permissible to maintain a plant at a lower temperature, but it should not fall below 10 ° C. Tsiperus needs a continuous supply of fresh air, therefore it is necessary to frequently ventilate the room. In the summer, it may have its contents on the balconies or in the gardens.
Tsiperus does not have a rest period, so when you take care of a plant, it is fed all year round. In spring and summer, the usual complex fertilizer is applied once every 2-3 weeks, and in winter - once a month.
Over time, the stems age, become yellow and die. These stems must be cut, after which the plant begins to be updated. The variegated forms can sometimes lose their variegation and become green. Such shoots are removed immediately upon appearance.
Tsiperus watering and humidity
Tsiperus loves moisture. An important condition for its growth and development is the constant moisture of the roots. To ensure it, the pot with the plant is placed in a deep pan or a pot with water, so that the water slightly covers the pot. Watering is carried out constantly abundant, making sure that the soil does not dry out. To do this, use soft distilled water. In winter, watering is reduced.
Necessary and constant spraying of the leaves. In winter, it is also carried out less frequently and place the plant away from heating devices to prevent leaves from drying out.
Tsiperus transplanted at any time of the year as needed. Substrate take nutrient, slightly acidic with a pH of 5-6.5. To prepare the mixture for planting, take in equal quantities humus and peat-bog land, with the addition of marsh silt in the amount of 1/6 of the total mass.
The pots are picked high and ¼ filled with drainage, and then prepared soil. If the pots are immersed in water, then the ground is covered with a layer of sand.
Cyperus seed growing
Seeds are sown finely in plates, which are filled with a mixture consisting of peat, leaf soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. The plates are covered with glass or a package to maintain a constant soil moisture. Daily air and water as needed. The temperature is maintained above 18 degrees.
The grown seedlings planted 3 copies in small pots in the ground of the same composition as for the seeds. Young plants are abundantly watered and protected from direct sunlight. When the plants grow, they are seated in 9-cm pots. The substrate is prepared from turf, peat land and sand, taken in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
Cyperus reproduction by cuttings, rosettes and division of rhizome
For propagation by cuttings should choose the tops with the presence in the rosette of leaves of sleeping buds. Cut off the outlet with 5-8 cm of the stem. They are planted in sand or light ground, turning it upside down, pressing the middle of the socket to the ground and sprinkling it a little. In the place of contact with the ground, the stalk will produce sprouts over time.
Under natural conditions for reproduction, tsiperus leans towards the water, takes root there, the stem of the mother plant dies and a new plant is formed. This method can be applied at home with the reproduction of tsiperus. To do this, tilt the apical outlet and lower it into a container with water, fix it, not separating it from the plant. After the formation of the roots are separated and planted in the ground.
During transplantation, the plant can be propagated by a section of rhizomes. For this method fit tsiperusy aged over 2 years. Carefully divide the bush with a knife, at the same time, trying not to sprinkle earthy lump. Each newly formed part should consist of three or more shoots.
Pests and possible difficulties
- Brown tips of leaves - a sign of excessive dry air.
- When the leaves lose their color and gain yellowness - The plant must be fed, as these changes indicate a lack of minerals.
Cyperus is fairly resistant to pest damage. If the air is too dry, a spider mite may appear.
Such a transplant plant is experienced very well, but to reduce stress, tsiperus can be watered with a solution of HB-101 (1 drop per liter of water).