The beautiful fly grass is a perennial herb of the family of cereals (bluegrass). In the natural environment is found on the steppes and rocky areas of Central Asia, Europe, Western Siberia, the Caucasus. Able to climb to the top of the mountain belt. It tolerates lowering the temperature to -23 ° C.
Feather grass - a rare plant, protected by the Red Book of the Russian Federation (included in the category "Vulnerable"). Active human activity displaces the grass grass from the natural environment: combines and pipelines are built, pines and other coniferous plants are planted. On the steppe areas in the mountains comes natural forest, from which the feather grass plantations are sharply reduced.
- The plant is turf. Numerous stems are erect and smooth, sometimes pubescence is found under the nodes.
- The height of the bush is about 70 cm.
The rosette is formed by narrow, long (about 60 cm), straight leaves of dark green color. Stem leaves shorter, folded along the length of the stalks, almost flat, covered with fine hairs and small spines.
- Unlike most cereals, rhizome of feather grass does not form creeping shoots.
- Another feature of the plant: the fruit-kernel is located in the lower scale with a pointed tip.
This type of feather grass is called the most beautiful:
During flowering his iridescent strands look impressive. Spikelets have hairs: paniculate inflorescence is decorated with a bunch of silky threads. The axis is twisted in a spiral, and the hairs are directed in the opposite direction to the axis. Gently bending down, they create the impression of a cloud or creeping fog.
Crusiform paniculate inflorescences appear compressed, compact. The length of the spine is about 30 cm, and hair pubescence reaches 3 mm.
Reproduction in nature
Reproduction mainly seed. In the natural environment, the wind picks up feathery-grained grains and takes them far away from the parent plant. After a while they land, making their way through the grass, the leaves reach the surface of the soil. Under the influence of night dew, the spiral-shaped knee swells, turns around, the axis is partially adjacent to the ground, and the grain is screwed into the ground. The next morning, the stem is unbent, the knee is twisted back, but the seed does not rise up - the bristles do not allow this, they are stuck into the soil like an arrow. Over time, the grain germinates.
Sowing seeds in open ground
To grow a beautiful feather grass, you will need to stock up on planting material - it can be purchased at specialized points of sale or collected in its natural environment.
In open ground feather grass is sown in spring. You can try to sow before winter, but after strong frosts they are unlikely to sprout. For reliability, place 3-4 seeds in one hole at a depth of 0.5-1 cm.
How to plant a feather grass on seedlings photo
It is best to grow a feather grass seedlings. Seeds must be germinated for 1-2 months. Start sowing in March or better at the end of February. You will need boxes with nutrient soil.
- Seeds should be distributed over the surface of the soil, only slightly pressing.
- Moisten the soil from a fine spray.
Seed germ photo shoots
- It will require heat (air temperature at the level of 22-24 ° C) and bright lighting (place it on a southern window sill).
- Water moderately - from the stagnant moisture at the roots of the sprouts may die.
Seedlings feather grass ready for planting photos
By the arrival of heat, you will get healthy healthy plants. Landing in open ground spend in May. Transfer together with the earthy clod.
On the vegetative method of reproduction (dividing the bush), most likely, it is not advisable to speak, because the procedure tolerates the plant painfully and can die.
Site selection for planting
How to grow a feather grass in the garden Photo
For growing a feather grass will require a place flooded with sunlight. Dampness does not endure: the area should not be submerged, if the groundwater is close, make a high bed, lay a drainage layer.
The soil is preferred calcareous or gypsum. When planting in the usual garden land for digging, make lime, a little coarse sand.
Care for garden grass
Treatments for feathering are minimal. Young plants need moderate watering, also weed from weeds, you can mulch the soil around the plants. Adult plants do not need these actions.
Feeding is not necessary.
Late autumn pruning: remove faded shoots, leaves do not touch.
Planted immediately to a permanent place of growth, since the transplant transfers a plant painfully. At one place without a transplant successfully growing over 10 years.
Featherdog in landscape design and floristics
Featherdog in landscape design photo
The silver threads of the beautiful grass woolen retain their decorativeness until late autumn. Original bushes will decorate the alpine slide, effectively complement the mixborder.
Feather with flowers photo
Planted in groups with other cereals, enter into floral arrangements.
Featherdog in landscape design photo
Looks great with barberry, turf, dwarf conifers. Stylish is a combination with roses, especially small-flowered or climbing.
Featherdog with decorative yarrow and salvia photo
Featherdog and Echinacea photo flower beds
During the autumn and winter, touching filamentous pubescence will retain its beauty in dry bouquets. Because of superstition, not everyone decides to decorate the house with them - but they will find their place in the office.
Traditional medicine is most commonly used feathery feather grass.
Raw materials are rich in biologically active substances (cyanogenic compounds). They contain strong acid - in the dosage should be careful. When used properly, it has a pain relieving and sedative effect, used in the treatment of problems with the thyroid gland.
Other types of feather grass with photos and titles
The genus includes more than 300 species, in our area you can meet about 80 representatives. Consider the types that are popular in gardening.
Feather feathery Stipa pennata photo
Cirrus - grown in gardens most often. The height of the bush is 40 cm. Long, smooth leaves end with a bunch of hairs.
Feather hairy Stipa capillata photo
Volosatik - sheet plates of a grayish shade are rolled up by a tubule. Spiny hairy, their length reaches 18 cm. The bush is 40-80 cm high.
Featherfish pubescent Stipa dasyphylla photo
Opushenolistny - in the natural environment is distributed not only in the steppes, it can be found on the rocks. The sheet plates are rolled into a tube about 2 mm in diameter, the leaves are covered with thin soft hairs on all sides. The length of the spine is about 40 cm.
Far East - common in China, Japan, Siberia. The highest view: the majestic stems are stretched to 1.8 m. The width of the linear-lanceolate leaves is 3 cm, they are glossy. Span half meter.
Featherdry the thinnest Stipa Tenuissima photo
The thinnest comes from Mexico, in our latitudes it is cultivated as a letnik. Plant height is 80 cm. Leaf plates hard.
Use in landscape design
Due to its modest and natural beauty, the feather grass is often found in gardens and flower beds (the grass looks like a feather grass can be seen in the photo below). In addition to natural charm, this plant has another important advantage - unpretentious. Of course, this does not apply to all varieties, since some of them, due to other natural growing conditions, require special care in the climate of our country. With the help of feather grass, you can create spectacular compositions that mimic the natural combinations of steppe plants. Its thin spikelets fascinate, flowing in the wind in smooth lines. It looks especially beautiful when it is planted by a large dense group.
For creating naturgardin (natural garden), next to the feather grass, it is recommended to plant those plants that will naturally look in combination with him, as if they were to be seen in the meadow. This, of course, other cereals: fescue, foxtail, miscanthus and others.
Also look impressive next to a feather. scabiosa, especially bright, rich colors, poppies, heather, sage, hyssop, chamomile, echinacea, decorative onions or garlic. Moreover, the feather grass can act as a basis for the composition, and as a background for brighter opponents.
Recently, landscape designers come up with all the new original combinations, and now the cereals set off the beauty of the rose gardens. Moreover, they look more advantageous next to climbing roses or varieties with miniature flowers.
Kovyl perfectly fit into the vegetable environment of the pond next to the geyher, irises, sedges and reeds. Although it is better to place it not at the very edge of the water, as it is not a coastal plant, but, for example, along the path to the pond.
Feather can grow thick strip along the board fence, filling the space between the picket fence, and thus emphasizing the separation of garden space. No less beautiful, it will look next to the fence or pergola pillars.
Despite the fact that the feather grass is a steppe plant, it can be planted next to ornamental shrubs, for example, Thunberg barberry or sod. No less beautiful, it is in harmony with some conifers, especially dwarf varieties. Therefore, the feather grass is quite appropriate and on the alpine hill.
The use of feather grass in landscape design is not limited to the above, therefore, designers continue to delight the gardener with new ideas of wonderful compositions.
Growing from seed
The easiest way to propagate a feather grass is by dividing a bush when it reaches a good density. However, if it is not yet in the garden, it remains only to sow the seeds.
To grow a feather grass seed does not require any special knowledge or effort. The varieties that grow in the climate of our country can be safely sown before winter - that is, in the fall, right in the ground to a permanent place. To do this, make a hole about 3 cm deep, moisten the soil and pour 3-4 seeds into it. Similarly, sowing is carried out in late April-early May during spring planting.
The soil can be purchased at the store or prepared in the fall from your garden. Feather grass - the plant is not demanding, so it has no special preferences for the soil. Rather, he prefers not too fertile soil. You can sow the seeds immediately in separate cups, since the shoots of the feather grass are thin and fragile and can easily be damaged when seated from the common container.
Sowing is usually done in March. Seeds are not buried deep and periodically moisten the soil. Shoots usually appear after 4 days. Planted seedlings in the ground in May.
In the photo the finest feather grass "Pony Tails"
When sowing seeds of feather grass in the ground or through seedlings, the distances between plants make about 20 cm. Basic care is to periodically weed. If desired, you can mulch the soil.
Frequent watering or fertilizing is not required, as the feather grass - steppe plant and used to drought. The main thing is to choose for him a good sunny place where he will not be threatened by groundwater located close to the surface, since he does not like excessive moisture. I also do not like sour soils very much, so if the acidity index is high, lime should be added.
If the feather grass bush has become thick enough, it can be divided in the spring. This is not only a way of reproduction, but also useful for the plant itself to make it more effective to bloom.
What is the feather grass
Despite the fact that quite a few varieties of feather grass are known, only a few of them are used for landscape design (photos and descriptions are attached):
- Feathery feathery - The most frequent guest of gardens and flower beds. This is no accident, since he is the original inhabitant of the Russian steppes and is used to all the vagaries of our climate. In height reaches about 90 cm. It blooms in May and June. Winters without shelter. The stems of the plants are smooth, the panicles are narrow,
- Feather beautiful - very similar to feathery, but unlike it has thicker panicles, which under their own weight lean toward the ground, forming a smooth bend,
- Feathery "Fluffy Cloud" It is a compact bush with a height of no more than 50 cm, often lower. His ears are erect and have a magnificent shape, so that this plant got its name,
- The finest dog Originally from Mexico, so winter temperatures below 15 ° are contraindicated, as well as high (more than 25 °). Grown as an annual. The leaves of this plant are quite tough, spikelets whitish with a silvery sheen. The height of the bush - about 80 cm
- Feather Grass "Fireworks" - A perennial plant with a height of about 80 cm, in our climate can be one-year. This feather grass got its name due to the leaves changing color, which turn from golden green in the end of summer to golden-pink and become almost red or brown in the autumn,
- Kovyl Zalessky - from the genus of cirrus. It grows on humus soils, and is often found in solonetz. The leaves are covered with hairs and bumps, a panicle is loose and slightly pubescent,
- Feather "Hair" - The plant is about 60 cm tall. It differs from other crocuses by a thin and long awn (about 20-25 cm), which resembles horsehair. The color of the spikelet is silvery green,
- Lessing's dog - about 60 cm high. The leaves are slightly rough outside, twisting when dried. Panicles have a purple hue, as seen in the photo of the plant.
Kovyl in the garden. Signs
Like many other plants, the feather grass has its own halo of signs and beliefs. For example, it is considered that it is impossible to keep this grass in a house, since it is still called widows grass, and if it is located at someone’s house, it will be widowed. This belief is connected with the fact that in the distant past, nomadic raids fell just at the time when the feather grass blossomed, and people began to identify the feather grass ears with the gray hair of mothers and wives.
However, there is such a belief that a feather grass is a sacred plant of spirits of the steppes, and if a person hides a bunch of feather grass under his shirt, the spirits of the steppe will take it under their protection and cleanse them from past adversities.
This means that it is better not to put a feather grass in the house, but it is quite possible to grow it in a garden!
The video below describes how to create an American-style garden, reminiscent of scenes from Western films. Plants like waddling, and he himself, although he is a typical plant of the Russian steppe, will be able to prove himself in such a garden from his best side.