Spruce - coniferous plant that performs the role of a classic decoration of the territory. Blue spruce is among the endangered species, therefore it is listed in the Red Book lists. This factor affects the cost of seedlings of needles. But why spend money on buying young trees, if you can grow them with your own hands? How to grow spruce from seeds, try to understand together, because besides saving finances, a gardener gets a healthy, environmentally-adapted plant.
Owners of country estates massively purchase blue spruce cuttings for further cultivation, despite the high cost. That's because not everyone has an idea of how to grow spruce from seeds, but you will know for sure.
Features blue needles
The main difference between the conifers of this species is the color of the needles. When growing a spruce house from seed, it is possible to get a tree with 30% of spines, painted in a noble blue, the rest acquire a classic green tint. Because many are interested in the question: "How to grow spruce from seeds at home and get a quality seedling?".
Cutting method: features
This is the easiest way to grow a new conifer. Planting material is rooted in the greenhouse, since open ground has a negative effect on the still weak conifers. So, planting spruce begins with the selection of cuttings. Winter cuttings are best suited, which give results up to 4 times faster. The most favorable period for rooting is considered the moment of kidney swelling. The main thing in the reproduction of spruce - do not forget about maintaining the temperature and the required level of moisture.
Blue spruce grown in this way, after 5 years, reaches 1 meter in height. At this point, the tree can be transplanted to a permanent place of growth.
For the cultivation of any plant with their own hands, you need selected planting material, which is better not to buy, but to get it yourself. For growing spruce seedlings use seeds obtained from the fruits of coniferous plants - cones. Collecting cones carried out in mid-February. This is the ideal time to harvest full-fledged seeds. Cones are placed in a fabric bag and put next to a heating device or a fireplace, which contributes to the rapid opening and free access to the grains. After a few weeks, you can get the seeds without damaging them. After the cones unfold, the seeds of the spruce tree in the bag are ground among themselves for purification from the lionfish. Washing under running water will get rid of the oily film formed due to the release of essential oils. At the final stage of preparation, planting material is well dried.
To ensure complete protection of seeds from bacteria, they are washed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then wiped with a tissue shred. Prepared seeds folded in a glass jar, which, tightly closed, placed in the refrigerator. The conditions in the freezer most closely resemble natural (in the cold season), where seeds are kept until mid-March.
How to grow spruce from seeds? It is very important to get good planting material, which, however, can be bought on the market if necessary. The main thing is to know a good manufacturer.
Preparing the soil
In order for the blue spruce from seeds to grow healthy at home, it is recommended to prepare the plot before sowing.
Important! Do not sow blue seeds ate in places where you grow vegetables - in the beds they do not take root and die quickly.
The optimum growing environment is lawn grass mixed with soil taken from a coniferous tree. Growing in greenhouses involves two methods of planting:
- straight to the ground
- in extra capacity.
When planting seeds in pots, do not forget to prepare a peat mixture, with the addition of limestone flour and ammophoska in the proportion of 6: 0.035: 0.020 kg. The mixture falls into containers in which the spruce is planted. The pots themselves are buried deep in the earthen mound in the greenhouse.
Important! Choosing the first method of planting, over the ground layer is poured additional top - from sawdust and peat.
To begin, determine the most favorable date for planting spruce. The seedling will feel comfortable in nature, if the ambient temperature is in the region of +19 o C (+ -1-2 o C).
Important! After a change in temperature (i.e. after the refrigerator), they can only be stored for 50 hours.
Before landing, the planting material is treated with a foundation solution: 20 g per 10 liters of water.
Planting spruce is carried out in a well-moistened soil. If the spruce is grown in greenhouse conditions, the containers are deepened to the ground by 1.5 cm, and the film is pulled from above. If on the open ground - first ram the ground in the hole, then put the seeds, covering them on top of the peat mixture and a thin layer of sawdust (about 1 cm).
Important! The distance between the individual seeds should be at least 3.5-6 cm.
The first shoots can be observed in 10-14 days. If spruce seedlings are placed close to each other, there is a need to thin them. Of the entire range of plants, only the strongest specimens are left, keeping a distance between them of up to 7.5 cm.
When the fragile seedlings are transferred to the active growth phase, it is necessary to maintain optimal conditions for growing needles, which are as follows:
- cancel irrigation and put into practice light spraying of seedlings with water - 2 times a day,
- maintain the temperature regime: the minimum temperature is +13 ° C, the maximum temperature is +15 ° C.
Important! Remember that night frosts and direct sunlight during the day have a detrimental effect on weak young needles.
A month later, a young blue spruce sapling reaches a height of 3-4 cm. Experts note that indirect diffused sunlight has a good effect on the growth rate of specimens. Since the small needles are not resistant to diseases affecting the plants, namely root rot, there is a need for special protection: first the application of the fungicide will be required, and then the treatment with an insecticide solution.
You already know how to grow seedlings ate from seeds, but it is qualitatively impossible to do this without transplanting annuals. The procedure is carried out in early spring. After the seedlings reach the required level, it is important to plant the specimens you have bred so as not to lose the plants.
Before transplantation, pits are prepared, which are tamped and sprinkled with a layer of earthen mixture from under a coniferous plant.
How to make a transplant?
Small fir-trees are dug out from the ground, separating the roots of individual specimens woven together. It is necessary to carry out this work quickly, but carefully, so as not to damage the root system and prevent it from drying out.
Blue spruce, grown from seeds at home, requires special care. Often these are standard rules.
Interesting! By the third year of growth, less than half of the seedlings survive.
Three years after sowing seeds, re-transplant of plants is carried out. This is done to ensure sufficient space for the roots of spruce. During this period, the Christmas trees are seated at a distance of 1 m from each other.
You wonder how much spruce grows from seed? And we have an answer to this question. After 5 years you will have a full-fledged spruce, exceeding 1 meter in height.
Such a bluish-green beauty will be a real decoration of the garden or successfully complement the landscape composition. It is quite difficult to grow plants with your own hands, but in view of the entertaining process and in the event of a positive result, when it turns out that the efforts were not in vain, you will certainly be proud of your Christmas tree.
Blue spruce: plant brief
Blue Spruce is an evergreen coniferous plant with a slow growth rate native to North America. Sizo tree can reach different sizes depending on its type:
- low-growing artificially bred varieties - 1-1,2m,
- tall, reaching a height of 15 meters, there are rare specimens of 30 m in height.
Blue spruce can feel comfortable in the conditions of the city, it is not affected by dust and exhaust gases, and it has the effect of purifying the air. Therefore, blue spruce is often used for landscaping urban parks and highways, it is planted along the roadway.
This coniferous species is not afraid of severe frosts to -35 degrees. Its blue color can withstand the strongest heat up to +50 degrees, which is unusual for coniferous plants. This particular feature makes the tree a unique plant that can be grown in any region.
How to grow blue spruce from seed
Professional gardeners and gardeners know how expensive planting of rare territories for the territory and the creation of landscape design are. In addition, not everyone can afford to buy seedlings of rare endangered plants. You can save only one way - by resorting to more labor-intensive methods of growing from scratch, that is, from seeds or cuttings.
Blue spruce from seeds often loses its “nobility” in the process of growth, acquiring a green tint of needles. The thing is that both blue and green spruces can grow from the cones of the cones of a single tree.
Where to buy seeds and how to choose
Often from amateur gardeners you can hear that they have to face many difficulties in growing blue spruce. Among them, poor seed germination, low probability of sprouting from seedlings of spruce trees of a truly blue color. In fact, such problems are characteristic of poor quality seeds. You can simply pick a blue spruce cone, at the appropriate time to plant its seeds, and hope that a noble tree will grow from it. But it is better to purchase high-quality seeds in nursery farms, paying attention to the following indicators:
- freshness - seeds must be collected in the current season,
- high germination - seeds must be inspected and stored in optimal climatic conditions for them to maintain viability,
- The maximum probability of breeding varietal trees is achieved by eliminating the crossing of different varieties of spruce.
If you plan to grow blue spruce from seeds collected by yourself, you need to look for suitable instances of spruce at the end of summer. You need to pay attention to such basic parameters of the tree as its color, shape, height, presence of cones. If the latter had time to form, then after the cold snap in November, you need to pick the maximum possible number of cones.
Collected cones must be placed in a warm room, where they must ripen, open up and give away the seeds. You can put all the bumps in the box and put it on or near the battery.
At home, you need to choose the maximum warm place for cones. When they begin to ripen, a slight crackling of the scales will be heard. To shake the seeds out of the open cone, you need to gently tap the nose on a hard surface.
It is also important that the domestic seeds undergo a hardening or stratification process. He needs a plant to create a good immunity. Seeds need to be divided into two parts. The first part in a snowless winter should immediately be sown in open ground. When the snow falls, the tempering process will take place naturally. If there is already snow on the ground, then it is not necessary to sow spruce into the ground.
Another part of the seed to sprout at home and compare later which ones have sprouted better. To stratify seeds at home, you need to carry out the following procedure:
- make a solution of potassium permanganate per 100 ml of water 1 g of substance,
- put the seeds in it for 2-3 hours,
- put them on a towel to dry them,
- put in a canvas bag, which is placed in a glass jar, tightly closed and refrigerated on the top shelf,
- Future spruces in this position should sleep until spring.
Planting seeds in a pot
When planting seeds in pots, you need to prepare a peat mixture with limestone flour and ammophoska based on 6 kg of a mixture of 35 g and 20 g of substances, respectively. The mixture must be scattered into the tank evenly, where the seed will be planted. Pots need to deepen in the ground greenhouse.
Planting material should be treated with a solution of basezol in the ratio of 20 g per 10 l of water. The soil in the pot should also be well hydrated. After placing the seeds in the ground on top of a pot that is 1.5 cm deep in the ground, you need to stretch the film to create a greenhouse effect. It is necessary to place the seeds at a distance of not less than 3.5-6 cm from each other.
The first seedlings can be seen after 10 days or 2 weeks. When placed close to each other, seedlings will need to thin out and leave only the strongest plants in the whole row.
Care, watering, fertilizer soil
After sowing, it is necessary to water future trees every day 1 time. When young seedlings enter the growth phase, they need to create optimal conditions for their existence:
- watering should be canceled
- instead, introduce the easiest spraying with water 2 times a day,
- maintain temperature from +13 to +15 degrees,
- avoid night frosts and direct sunlight on seedlings.
If these conditions are met, after a month, you can see seedlings 3-4 centimeters high.
Intact young spruces are susceptible to infection with various diseases. Most often it is root rot. Therefore, it is necessary to protect the seedlings - to introduce a fungicide, after which the treatment is carried out with an insecticide solution.
Growth before cutting and landing on the street
When it is time to transplant the cutting, it is necessary to teach the Christmas tree to fresh air. Periodic plant exposed to fresh air in a pot with an increase in the interval. Such procedures should be carried out for several months in order for the young spruce to be able to settle down in the open air.
- It should be remembered that the more seeds of cones to plant, the greater the likelihood of the blue specimen germinating.
- After the seeds are removed from the refrigerator, they can only be stored for 50 hours. therefore, you need to start landing as quickly as possible.
- It is necessary to carry out the action quickly so that the rhizome does not have time to dry out.
Video about growing blue spruce from seeds
The video demonstrates how you can grow blue spruce from the cones at home:
Recommendations for the care of a young blue sapling in the first six months after planting in the video:
In fact, growing elite blue spruce from seeds is not as difficult as other vegetation. But this process is rather laborious and laborious. The result of effort will be worth it, because a beautiful lush fir tree can grow for decades and even hundreds and decorate with itself any yard or playground.
When to collect seeds
If you decide to grow blue spruce in your area, the first thing you need to do is take care of buying planting material. Seeds are removed from the cones. The suitable time for the collection is February. Fold the cones into a fabric bag and store it in a warm place. After a couple of weeks, you can get cones and easily extract the seeds from them.
To clear the planting material from the lionfish, gently chafing among themselves in the bag. To remove the essential oils, wash the seeds with running water and dry them. Store them in a clean glass container with a tight lid. Set the planting material in the refrigerator and keep there until sowing.
In order to stratify the planting material, after processing it is necessary to fold it into a fabric bag. From the snow to form a snowdrift, in which to lay the seeds. Pour a thick layer of sawdust on top of the snow or cover it up with something. This will slow down the melting process. Storage of seeds under snow is performed before sowing.
Soil for coniferous beauty should not be such that it is intended for the cultivation of vegetables and herbs. Otherwise, you will not receive healthy seedlings, as the seeds do not germinate and die. It is best to use for planting ate the soil where lawn grass grew. To it you can put the soil with coniferous residues. It is better to take the land where coniferous trees grow.
To the already prepared soil to add fertilizer, which includes peat. Seeds can be planted immediately in open ground or first grow seedlings from them. If you decide to use the second option, it is necessary to plant the seeds in containers filled with a mixture of peat, lime powder and ammofoski.
The substrate is sent to a prepared container, seeds are sown there and buried with earth. If you send the planting material immediately to the open ground, then you need to pour a layer of peat and needles on top.
It is necessary to sow seeds of blue needles, provided that the air temperature outside is not lower than 15 degrees. Before sowing, remove the seeds from the jar, and process the base stock. 10 g of water accounts for 20 g of the substance.
Необходимо принимать во внимание, что когда семена постояли немного в тепле, то высадить их необходимо в течение 50 часов. Лучше всего сажать их в тот же день, как только вы достали посадочный материал из холодильника.
Посев семян осуществляется в мокрый грунт, так что перед этим его стоит тщательно увлажнить. Если высаживать семена в контейнер, то посадочный материал заглубить в грунт на 1,5 см. Каждую емкость прикрыть пленкой или стеклом. На открытую местность семена высаживать по другой технологии. Необходимо утрамбовать грудку. Spread the planting material on top of the soil at a distance of 5 cm. Top cover with a layer of peat and sawdust. It now remains to wait for the seedlings to appear. But this is how the landing of the juniper horizontal Blue Chip, help to understand this article.
On the video - how to grow blue spruce from seeds:
Nuances of landing in the ground
When landing in a greenhouse without prior germination, remember:
- The optimum temperature is at least +13 degrees of air and +10 degrees of soil.
- For the prevention of root rotting at the bottom of the greenhouse, a drainage thickness of 5 cm from gravel and small pebbles is created.
- Blue spruces like light soil.
- The distance from the film or glass that closes the greenhouse to seedlings is at least 20 cm.
- The cuttings are planted at an angle of 30 degrees.
- Submerged into the soil by 1-2 cm.
- Humidity is checked on the "ceiling" - large droplets should not hang, only a fine mesh of dust.
- Airing is necessary daily.
It is also important to note that in the first month the greenhouse is pruneed, throwing burlap or spunbond over it to make the sun less aggressive.
The roots on the branches will appear in two months, but they must be transplanted very carefully, as they often break off when they are transplanted into the ground
How to arrange group and soliter production of ornamental coniferous plants in the garden: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/dekorativnye-xvojniki.html
All methods described in the article are suitable for the propagation of any coniferous plants. So, starting with blue spruce, then you can grow your own hands a whole garden of evergreen beauties. The main thing is to find the most successful germination option. And this is a matter of practice.
Transplant to a permanent place
When the seedlings grow to a one-year age, they can be sent to the open ground. But this should be done only after the plant has adapted to external conditions. Change of greenhouse conditions on the street does not occur without loss. So you have to prepare yourself for the fact that during the adaptation you can lose about half of the small Christmas trees.
To transplant blue annual trees, it is necessary to determine in advance where they will grow. Next, dig a hole, pour into it the ground in which the fathoms were growing before. Thus, the process of rooting can be accelerated. When removing the Christmas tree from the container, you must carefully inspect the roots. It will also be interesting to learn how the process of care for juniper.
Leave you need only healthy and matured trees. Each root process clay mash, and then plant in the ground.
Make sure that in the process of the roots of the culture did not dry out and not be damaged. The next culture transplant will need to be performed after 3 years. Then it will be necessary to find a place for the constant growth of blue spruce. Planting seedlings should be at least 1 m away. Otherwise, the plants will lack enough nutrients and space to form a powerful root system. If everything is done correctly, then you will be able to get healthy and strong seedlings.