Kalanchoe - a unique plant that combines at the same time a great decorative appeal with very extensive useful, healing properties.
Kalanchoe It sounds quite unusual for Slavic peoples, because the Chinese gave the name to the flower.
Kalanchoe belongs to the family of Crassulaps.
This family name was chosen for a reason: all its members are distinguished by fleshy leaves and dense, juice-filled stems.
In the natural habitat is therapeutic Kalanchoe can be found in Africa and Madagascar. Plant highly unpretentiousIt grows even on stony slopes.
Even newbies can grow it at home. With all its unpretentiousness in the care, Kalanchoe is indispensable for the prevention and treatment of many diseases.
Scientists know more than 200 species. Kalanchoe. Most plants have only a decorative value, so flowering varieties do not have healing properties. Medical types:
They contain a lot of organic acids, microelements, vitamins. Useful properties of the plant are used not only in folk practice of treatment.
Doctors often use medicinal properties Kalanchoe in the treatment of a variety of diseases.
Cirrus in its natural habitat reaches a rather large size: up to 1 meter in height. At home, the plant is smaller, however, no less beautiful and can bloom profusely in the second year of life.
Have Cirrus soft, upward stem is surrounded by growing opposite leaves. The leaves are fleshy, oval-shaped, pinnate at the ends. The medicinal plant blooms in soft pink or white inflorescences.
At Degremona, the leaves have an ovoid, very elongated shape. Sometimes the halves of a leaf even fold along the midline. The leaves are quite long, in nature grow up to 20 cm.
The plant is gray-green, on the lower part of the leaves are purple spots.
For therapeutic purposes, the aerial part of the plant is used: the stem and leaves.
More than 90% of the total mass plants are the juice.
- organic acids
- vitamins C and P, as well as many others
- mineral salts,
- micro and macronutrients,
Healing (healing) properties of the flower.
- It cleans wounds from pathogenic microorganisms, slows their growth and reproduction.
- Reduces inflammatory processes.
- Stops bleeding.
- Cleans affected skin from dead tissue.
- Quickly restores the upper layers of the skin after damage.
For all its merits, Kalanchoe is also slightly toxic, does not cause irritation of the mucous membranes.
Most useful properties The plants were initially noticed by not the doctors at all, but by the most ordinary people who grew Kalanchoe (a surgeon without a knife), and they used it as a medicine.
When processing Kalanchoe, with the purpose of application for medicinal purposes, it retains many useful properties, and the prepared medicines are stored for a long time.
From the leaves of the plant make alcohol tinctures.
Ointments are prepared mainly from the juice.
Crushed leaves help in the removal of warts.
In the people it is believed that a few sheets eaten can fully restore strength, to restore the courage.
Kalanchoe helps cope with stress and seasonal depression.
The health benefits are undeniable. In medicine with his helpare being treated many diseases. What exactly Kalanchoe cures and how to apply it:
- Rinsing with juice diluted in water helps with inflammation of the throat, tonsillitis. And also it perfectly helps in the treatment of angina.
- Lotions of plant pulp help heal faster purulent wounds, leg ulcers and burns.
- Regular use of juice treats gastritis and gastric ulcer, reduces pain.
- Application will help with inflammation of the eyes (conjunctivitis and blepharitis) treated by instillation of Kalanchoe juice.
- Tampons soaked in the sap of the plant, reduce erosion, promote healing of tears, obtained by a woman during childbirth.
- The action of juice reduces inflammation in the urinary system.
- Regular instillation of the nose with the sap of the plant helps to cure both the common cold and sinusitis.
- Juice treat inflammation of the ears.
- With regular facial wiping with juice, acne disappears, skin oily skin decreases, pores are reduced.
Kalanchoe also has contraindications.
Very often, people make mistakes in determining the diagnosis, may take allergies for common acne.
In this case, taking juice can only aggravate allergies.
In children when bruising the eyes or nose with juice mucous membranes can inflame.
Consumption along with dairy products can lead to severe frustration.
Particular care should be taken to weigh the balance between risk and health benefits for people who have cirrhosis of the liver, hepatitis, diabetes mellitus, glomeru-nephritis, rheumatism, low blood pressure. Do not use for malignant tumors.
Kalanchoe more than one century is widely used in traditional medicine. However, it should be understood that Kalanchoe It has not only medicinal properties, but also has contraindications. Therefore, any treatment should be carried out only after consulting a doctor.
Kalanchoe, cup bryofillum
Perennial herbaceous plant, some species are successfully grown at home. The culture has anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, hemostatic and wound-healing effects. Kalanchoe juice is able to inactivate influenza viruses and polio. The plant is used in dentistry, dermatology, ophthalmology, surgery, gynecology, urology, gastroenterology.
An exotic flower, originally from the hot tropics (or rather, from Madagascar), has got accustomed well as a houseplant and has become one of the usual "guests" in the apartment. According to legends, it was with the children of Kalanchoe that Johann Goethe cured an ulcer. This fact could not go unnoticed. And in 1962, scientists are very interested in the healing properties and contraindications of Kalanchoe. After several years of research, the healing power of the plant has been confirmed.
Studying the healing properties of Kalanchoe, scientists identified several of the most medically valuable species. These plants take root easily on the window sill in the apartment. They do not require specific care. And large, thick leaves serve as raw materials for medicinal and cosmetic purposes. The plant has three kinds.
- Kalanchoe pinnate. It is this type of plant that has undergone a thorough study. It is used in official medicine for the manufacture of medicines. Most often, when they say “Kalanchoe curative”, they mean a feathery look. The plant is capable of reaching a height of 2 m. It has a fleshy tree stem with round glossy leaves. Leaf buds form on the teeth, providing vegetative reproduction to the plant. Flowering is observed in the cold season. On the pedicels appear large axillary panicles.
- Degremona. Another very common type of indoor Kalanchoe. Its feature is the formation of children at the edges of the sheets. Such children are very easily separated from the maternal Kalanchoe, fall to the ground and take root. Degremona usually grows up to 50 cm. The oblong leaves are distinguished by a rich green tint. Flowering occurs in the winter. The plant pleases bell-shaped inflorescences of violet or pink color. Healers recommend using this type of Kalanchoe in folk recipes.
- Blossfeld This type of Kalanchoe is considered the least studied. Herbalists-specialists use it for the manufacture of medicines. Culture has numerous stems. Blossfeld can be up to 30 cm tall. Egg-shaped leaves have a red border. Flowering plants begins in early winter and lasts until the summer. Beautiful buds can brush the eye with a rich orange, pink or dark red color.
Indications for use
It is the rich composition that determined the medicinal properties of Kalanchoe. The plant can be safely attributed to the natural "doping", because its biologically active components enhance the body's resistance to negative external factors and stimulate the immune system. The following medicinal properties of the Kalanchoe flower are distinguished:
- blood purification
- elimination of inflammations
- immunity stimulation
- getting rid of bacteria
- elimination of toxins
- tissue regeneration and wound healing
- elimination of pain.
It is for the antibacterial properties and the ability of the plant to restore the body Kalanchoe nicknamed by the people "home ginseng". The plant is used for local therapy, but it can be consumed inside. Kalanchoe is able to deal with a variety of ailments. Doctors give the following indications for use:
Type species of the genus Kalanchoe - Kalanchoe laciniata. Botanical illustration from Francisco Manuel Blanco's book “Flora de Filipinas”, 1880–1883.
- catarrhal diseases
- gingivitis, stomatitis, periodontal disease,
- tonsillitis, sore throats, adenoids, otitis, runny nose, cough,
- pustular inflammations, acne,
- varicose veins,
- joint pathologies,
- ulcers, gastritis,
- prostatitis, adenoma,
- mastitis, erosion,
- eczema, psoriasis, erysipelas,
- cuts, skin ulcers, burns, necrosis.
Negative effects and contraindications of Kalanchoe
If Kalanchoe is used topically, the plant is practically harmless. Occasionally, patients may experience side effects such as a burning sensation on the skin, redness or swelling. These symptoms signal individual sensitivity. Such patients are advised, in order to avoid the development of allergies, to abandon Kalanchoe therapy.
When used inside preparations of Kalanchoe, the range of contraindications increases significantly and includes:
- cirrhosis of the liver,
- joint diseases
- children's age up to three years.
How to get the maximum effect
The unique plant has a truly healing power. But like any drug, it requires the right approach when used. If we take into account some features of the culture, then, regardless of the recipe, the healing power of Kalanchoe can increase almost twice.
- Kalanchoe age. For therapeutic purposes, it is undesirable to use Kalanchoe, which has not yet turned two years old. A young plant can not boast a high content of useful components.
- Preparing the plant. The process of production of medicinal raw materials begins a week before cutting leaves. Seven days before the collection of raw materials, the Kalanchoe stops watering and fertilizing. Pot with Kalanchoe should not be moved to another place or change the temperature and lighting. Due to this, the leaves accumulate the largest number of biologically active ingredients.
- Collection of raw materials. Traditional medicine recommends the use of the lower leaves of Kalanchoe for the preparation of medicinal drugs. Studies show that they have the greatest healing power. The cut off raw Kalanchoe is cleaned from dust with a usual napkin. It is strictly forbidden to wash the leaves with water.
- Excerpt Kalanchoe. The mechanism of accumulation of nutrients in Kalanchoe has not been thoroughly studied. But practice shows that in the aged raw material the number of therapeutic components doubles. To do this, cut the leaves wrapped in natural fabric and put for ten days in the cellar or refrigerator.
- Juice making. Most often, medical recipes require the use of Kalanchoe juice. Therefore, aged leaves are taken from the cellar and carefully crushed. From gruel squeeze juice. It is not recommended to use metal for the preparation of preparations from Kalanchoe. Kalanchoe normally contacts with wooden and glassware, and in contact with metal products quickly oxidizes.
The easiest way is to use freshly cut Kalanchoe leaves. Of course, it is desirable that they are spent ten days. But if an urgent need arises, then you can use fresh raw Kalanchoe. According to reviews, this treatment allows you to eliminate inflammatory processes.
How to apply
Fresh Kalanchoe gruel is used exclusively for local treatment. And before using compresses, it is imperative to test for allergies. If negative reactions to Kalanchoe have not been noticed, then you can use fresh raw materials.
- Acne, boils. Compress impose on the affected area and fixed with adhesive tape. Such treatment continues, depending on the severity of the problem, from one to five hours. Then the compress is removed.
- The bedsores Leaf Kalanchoe can not even grind. It is necessary to simply remove the peel from it and apply juice to the sore. With the help of a bandage sheet fix and leave on all night. During the day, the affected surface is left open. At night again impose a healing compress from the plant. Continue this therapy to complete elimination of the bedsore.
- Diseases of the teeth and gums. Fresh gruel kalanchoe will help reduce toothache and will be useful for such ailments as stomatitis, periodontal disease, gingivitis. For this, crushed Kalanchoe is applied to the painful area. Such a procedure will help strengthen loose teeth.
- Otitis To eliminate the sudden pain in the ears, it is necessary to wrap the crushed raw materials into gauze and roll up small turunds. They are inserted into the ears and left for the whole night. Turunda from the medical Kalanchoe can not only eliminate pain discomfort, but also pull out all the pus.
- Skin diseases. A fresh sheet of Kalanchoe, with skinned skin, is recommended to be applied to areas affected by eczema or psoriasis. This therapy will also help to remove warts.
Kalanchoe tincture on vodka is not widely spread. But for the treatment of certain illnesses, healers advise to resort to this particular remedy. It is sometimes recommended to combat inflammation in the oral cavity. But it should be remembered that for children such treatment, because the product contains alcohol, is unacceptable.
When recommended water infusion or extract
If alcohol tinctures are contraindicated, then water infusion Kalanchoe is recommended. To prepare means, it is necessary to fill in raw materials with water and leave to infuse for ten days. But it is possible to significantly speed up the process of preparing an infusion, but now it will be more correct to call it a decoction.
Reviews: “Kalanchoe is our salvation from the cold”
My girlfriend suffered from the strongest furuncles, and so in the clinic an old dermatologist advised her to get Kalanchoe. According to her recommendations, she did find this plant, rubbed the juice in boils, it was all quite long, but it helped nonetheless. Now, however, she had some scars left in places, but there was no more boils.
Kalanchoe - our salvation from the cold, better than it no sopleotsy not cope. And by the way at the expense of the therapeutic effect - it still has it, the snot pass more quickly. It was in childhood that I was dripping, although I also decided that it was the 21st century type, what a kalanchoe, and then I tormented myself with the first snot and realized that there was nothing better than a kalanchoe in the fight against snot in children for sure.
Oksana__Igor, http: // sovet. kidstaff.com.ua/question-331932
Yesterday, I myself was once again convinced that I have a wonderful doctor on my windowsill, albeit an odd-looking one, and they call him Kalanchoe. I remembered about him, because my husband recently soldered pipes and managed to solder his hand. Immediately processed the hand with a special cream. We did not come up with anything more - we smeared his hand only with this cream. But what is interesting is that the burn not only did not pass, but was also going to suppurate. And then I remembered that on my window-sill I had the very plant about the wonderful properties of which I knew very well. Therefore, as far as possible, we dried his ugly burn on him and I put gruel from kalanchoe leaves on him, and slightly pinned a gauze bandage on top, but not tightly, but to fix the gruel. Actually, I thought I would alternate dressings - once with honey, once with kalanchoe gruel. But the next morning it became clear that there was no need for that. Kalanchoe completely stretched out all the filth from the wound, and it became noticeably drier and without any festering. And this is for one night only. My husband was shocked by the fact that the plant can be so effective, and at times more effective expensive ointment.
Many people know about the healing properties of Kalanchoe. We felt real help from the plant with such an unpleasant and problematic ailment as warts. It would seem, think, a wart, nothing terrible, it happens. But the wart was formed between the toes, which interfered with walking, constantly causing discomfort, aching pain, bleeding. And why did we not try! As a result, my mother began to try Kalanchoe. She made a gruel of leaves, put a thick layer and covered with gauze napkin. Press tightly to the sore spot, for ease of bandaging or sticking a plaster. Perseverance and work - all a little effort.In this case, the wart was able to “grind”, it came to naught! Only 1-1.5 weeks, and the result is real. 3 years have passed, the wart does not grow back. After all, this skin formation has a spine, which can remain in the skin structure and the wart can grow again. And here, a simple way to help get rid of the annoying wart forever.
Origin and varietal characteristics
About 200 different species of Kalanchoe grow freely in nature. They belong to the succulent subspecies of the Crassulaceae family. They are herbaceous plants. Most species come from southern China, but there are varieties that originally existed only in the tropics of South America and on the island of Madagascar. At present, plants have spread almost everywhere. Despite the variety of varieties, in our country only a few species of Kalanchoe are known for their healing properties:
In countries with a cold winter climate, they are grown as indoor plants. They are absolutely unpretentious, so care does not require special skills. The plant can be propagated by cuttings or children, which are formed in some varieties.
The most common and widely used in folk medicine. Its stem is straight but weak, so often the plant needs additional support. The leaves are triangular, oblong and have a rather interesting color. The upper part of the leaf plate is gray-green, sometimes gray, and from below it is dotted with small voluminous purple spots. It blooms rarely, inflorescence scanty, purple-gray color. The main distinguishing feature by which one can easily recognize Kalanchoe Degremona is a multitude of children framing the whole leaf. They develop from buds located in each tooth of the leaf and have the appearance of a fully formed plant.
INTERESTING! If you completely remove the kids from the sheet, he quickly dies off, and the stem of the plant becomes bare.
Succulent plant with a straight, well-branching stem, the lower part of which grows older with age. Fleshy leathery leaves have a feathery shape with a jagged edge, their size varies from 5 to 15 cm. The leaf color is variable, dark greenish-blue shades. It blooms irregularly, inflorescences are axillary panicles with long drooping pedicels. The flower looks like a bell-shaped corolla of green-purple color.
Almost unknown variety. This is a small shrub plant, characterized by a large number of aerial roots, which are thickest at the bottom of the branches. Small leaves oval, toothed. Light green color with a bluish bloom and red edging. Another variety has spotty leaves and bright pink border. Inflorescences are brown, with a slight pink tinge.
Due to its unique healing properties, the use of Kalanchoe in traditional medicine is quite wide. The biochemical composition of the plant contains many substances that have useful properties:
- flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferol),
- organic acids (malic, isolimonic, oxalic),
- mineral elements (aluminum, silicon, manganese, copper, iron, etc.),
- vitamins P and C,
- various enzymes.
Studies have shown that Kalanchoe is endowed with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effects. The plant is non-toxic, has the ability to clean the purulent wounds from necrotic tissue. It can be used not only for treatment, but also for cosmetic purposes.
Basically, the use of the medicinal properties of the plant is in demand in otolaryngology. Kalanchoe is also widely used for therapeutic purposes, in dental, surgical, gynecological, ophthalmic practice. What does the plant treat? Especially appreciate him for the ability to cure a runny nose and sinusitis. It has other useful properties. This bactericidal and wound-healing effect, which occurs due to the high content of active substances in Kalanchoe. It can be used to restore damaged skin in the presence of wounds, burns, allergic skin reactions and dermatitis of various etiologies. Treats trophic ulcers and purulent infectious processes. It can act as a biostimulator.
Different diseases require different methods of treatment, so the recipes for Kalanchoe in traditional medicine are so diverse. Used for the treatment of decoctions, alcoholic tinctures, ointments, extracts based on Kalanchoe juice. To prepare the medicine, the plant is cut and cleaned for three days in a cool place. Leaves and stem are used as raw materials.
Runny nose and cough
Colds are often accompanied by cough and runny nose, which in the absence of timely treatment can be a serious problem. Before using potent drugs, try to cope with the headache with Kalanchoe. To do this, a few drops of juice mixed with an equal amount of warm boiled water (1: 1). Bury 2-3 drops in each nasal passage 4-5 times a day. Juice provokes sneezing, as a result, the nasal sinuses are cleared of mucus. Outwardly, you can apply the ointment. Rub it in the region of the maxillary sinuses in a circular motion. This will warm them up and cause an outflow of mucus.
Coughing with ARVI goes away, if you drink ½ teaspoon of fresh juice, diluted in half with water 2 times a day after eating.
Kalanchoe can also help with cough for bronchial asthma. Prepare the following composition: chop 4 lemons, add ½ cup of freshly squeezed juice and the same amount of natural honey. Mix 2 eggs and 0.5 liters of Cahors wine with the ground shell. The elixir can be taken in a dark place after 7 days (on an empty stomach, 30 g once a day). The course of treatment from 3 to 6 months.
The easiest way to get rid of sinusitis - is to bury the juice Kalanchoe in the nose. It is advisable to do this after rinsing the nose with warm salt water. Enough 3 drops 3-4 times a day. It clears the nasal passages and maxillary sinuses. Before you squeeze the juice, the raw material must be kept in the refrigerator for about 4 days. It can be diluted with alcohol (20 ml of alcohol per 400 ml of juice).
NOTE! Alcohol drops and solutions are not recommended for the treatment of children.
Another method of treatment involves the preparation of a means for washing the nose. The recipe is simple - 2 full tablespoons of raw materials grind to a slurry, pour a glass of vodka and insist for 10 days. For washing, 1 tsp of the product is added to 200 ml of warm water. The procedure is carried out at least 3 times a day.
You can prepare comprehensive healing drugs for the treatment of sinusitis. Mix in equal proportions of honey, kalanchoe, cyclamen juice, onions and aloe. The tool is used to handle tampons that are inserted into the nose (half an hour, 2 times a day). The same tool can be diluted with water 1: 3 to use as drops.
In addition to the direct invasive use of a plant, the disease can be prevented. To do this, it is enough to put a container with chopped leaves at night at the head of the bed. Fitontsida contained in Kalanchoe, destroy viruses in the air.
Gingivitis, periodontal disease, stomatitis
Gum inflammation, sores and bleeding gums will pass if you rinse your mouth with freshly squeezed warm sap from the plant or its diluted alcohol tincture. Also, tampons moistened with Kalanchoe and calamus calamus swabs can be applied to the affected areas. From the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx will help inhalation with the addition of plant juice to the nebulizer.
To treat varicose veins with Kalanchoe is quite simple. Every day should be rubbed feet infusion. To start the procedure you need from the foot, in a circular motion, lifting up. Leg pain and venous mesh will pass, if you regularly treat for 4-6 months. Recipe for the treatment of varicose veins: fill the liter container with sliced leaves to the middle and pour with medical alcohol. Cork the vessel and keep in a dark place for at least 10 days, periodically shaking the contents.
Injuries and diseases of the eye
Keratitis, erosion of the cornea, or degenerative changes - for the eyes, too, there are recipes that will help in the treatment of these diseases. To achieve the healing effect is enough to bury the juice Kalanchoe. It can be used both in undiluted form and in a solution of sodium chloride or novocaine. The ratio of proportions should be equal to 1: 1.
The beneficial properties of Kalanchoe make it possible to use it for cosmetic purposes. To get rid of pigmentation and freckles, cosmetologists recommend applying a mask of leaves that have been rubbed into a mush. The effect appears after prolonged use of the product.
Tip! Remember that whitening masks can not be applied to the skin around the eyes.
For skin rejuvenation, you can use the recipe toning lotion: 1 teaspoon of honey for 2 tablespoons of 50% Kalanchoe juice.
Acne (acne) can also be removed with the help of this plant. In this case, you need a decoction of the leaves. Regular use will clean the pores and remove oily shine.
With all its beneficial properties, Kalanchoe is absolutely non-toxic. This allows its use for all groups of patients, including small children. Side effects of the plant:
- Burning on skin.
- Irritation of the mucous membrane during instillation of the nasal passages, which is manifested by sneezing.
You can avoid these symptoms if you dilute the juice with water or Novocain.
IMPORTANT! For the treatment of children means diluted to very low concentration. For babies, it is enough to lubricate the nasal passages with diluted medicine.
Contraindications for the use of Kalanchoe are almost absent. Individual intolerance of the plant components is possible. Before using it, check the reaction in a small area of skin in the area of the elbow bend.
The perennial succulent from the crass family is Latin for Kalanchoe pinnata. Madagascar is considered the birthplace of the flower, a species is widespread on the African continent, acclimatized to the temperate zone of Asia, it is found in North and South America. Kalanchoe belongs to the thermophilic species, does not tolerate frosts. In nature, it reaches a height of 1.5–2 meters; in room conditions it grows more compact - 0.3–0.6 m.
Stalk powerful, fleshy, branching. As it grows in the lower part is exposed to woodiness. The leaves are saturated green, juicy, leathery, 0.05–0.2 m long, up to 0.12 m wide, pointed at the end, at the edges there are cloves. Grow on petioles, located opposite. Leaf buds are formed in the cirrus recesses, which are intended for vegetative propagation. The root is short, branched.
Flowering plant throws arrows. Large pendant buds of a pale pink shade with purple-red inclusions are collected in the axillary panicles. Petals form a bell-shaped corolla. The flowering period begins after the second year of life, at home, mainly during the winter months. Fruits are represented by boxes filled with small oval seeds with a diameter of 0.2–0.3 mm. Since the plant looks attractive, feathery Kalanchoe is popular among fans of indoor floriculture.
In fleshy leaves and stems contains a lot of biologically active substances:
- flavonoids, bufadinolide glycosides (cryophiline A and C, bersaldegenin-3-acetate),
- natural acids (citric, malic, oxalic, acetic),
- macro- and microelements (magnesium, copper, iron, potassium, calcium and others),
- polysaccharides, tanning components, catechins,
- vitamins of groups P and C, enzymes.
The combination of these components provides a beneficial effect and allows the plant to be used as part of the complex therapy of various diseases. To obtain medicinal raw materials on an industrial scale in the southern regions of Russia, Kalanchoe is grown on special plantations and cultivated as an annual. Harvesting is in September - early October. At pharmaceutical companies, leaves and fresh Kalanchoe shoots are recycled. The resulting juice is preserved by adding alcohol and bottled in sealed vials or ampoules. The lyophilisate used in the production of pharmacological preparations is obtained by sublimation from a liquid.
Official medicine recognizes only Kalanchoe pinnate as a medicinal plant, Degremona is also used in folk recipes. The healing properties of succulents include:
- anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, stopping the growth of pathogenic microorganisms and counteracting their activity,
- hemostatic, astringent, healing, whereby the flower is used to treat wounds, burns, ulcerative lesions of the skin,
- choleretic, activates metabolic processes, tonic,
- excretion of toxic substances, blood purification,
- strengthening the walls of blood vessels
- increased immune protection.
Means on the basis of the plant help to fight for a long time non-healing purulent wounds, bedsores. With gastritis, gastrointestinal erosion, vitamin deficiency, weakened immunity, preparations with Kalanchoe are taken orally. In cosmetology, juice is used to strengthen hair, nail plates, treat acne, improve skin color, stimulate its tone, and normalize the functioning of the sebaceous glands. From the use of lotions and creams, the face is fresh, there is a slight lifting effect.
In gynecological practice, preparations with an extract of a plant are prescribed in order to accelerate the healing of tissue tears and nipple cracks in women during the lactation period. Apply extract Kalanchoe with cervical erosion, endocervicitis. For inflammations of the oral cavity, tonsillitis, and laryngitis, doctors recommend rinsing with flower juice. Instilling into the nasal passages helps to remove mucus that accumulates during the runny nose and sinus, constrict blood vessels, and facilitate breathing. In the treatment of gastrointestinal pathologies in the presence of evidence prescribed reception granules "Kalankhin", which include the extract of the plant. The properties of the immune system stimulator allow the use of Kalanchoe to prevent seasonal colds and flu.
Use in traditional medicine
This flower is a real pharmacy on the windowsill. On the basis of leaves and shoots prepare home remedies that are aimed at combating various ailments. Before ingestion is recommended to consult a doctor.
With reduced pressure, severe pathologies of the liver and kidneys, pregnancy, cancer, oral administration is contraindicated. In rare cases, individual intolerance is observed in the components of the plant.
Extract of Kalanchoe Cirrus
Fresh sheets and shoots finely cut, pour boiling water at the rate of 1 to 5, put in a water bath. Stand 15-20 minutes. Then the solution is filtered, placed on a slow fire, boiled liquid until half the volume has evaporated. Store the obtained extract in the refrigerator for no more than 12 months. Used to treat wounds, burns, ulcers, hair and skin healing.
Cut leaves for 7 days are placed in a cool (+ 4–6 degrees) place, crushed with a blender or meat grinder, put in a refrigerator to separate the precipitate. After filtration, 30 ml of the juice is mixed with 50 g of lanolin, petroleum jelly or animal fat. Apply with boils, ulcers, eczema, hematomas, insect bites, skin cracking. In the refrigerator retains useful properties up to 30 days. According to reviews, an ointment prepared from a mixture of olive oil and juice in a ratio of 1 to 2 also helps. The composition is placed in a water bath for 30 minutes until a homogeneous consistency is obtained.
Capacity to 500 ml of tinted glass until the middle is filled with fresh cut leaves, pour 70 percent alcohol. For 7–10 days, put in a dark place. 4–5 times a day, the bottle is shaken. Then the solution is filtered and used for rubbing with swelling of the legs, varicose veins. They also make compresses, use them for instillation in the ears for uncomplicated otitis media, rinsing for diseases of the oral cavity and throat, and for wounds. For gastritis, an infusion is made from 100 ml of plant juice, 500 ml of alcohol, a teaspoon of honey. Capacity is left in a dark place for 5-6 weeks. After straining drink 15 ml before breakfast.
In the treatment of erysipelas make applications with the juice of the plant, applying to the affected area for 40 minutes. To relieve toothache, speed up tissue regeneration, stop purulent infection, leaves are crushed to a pasty state, placed in 4–6 layers of gauze, squeeze out liquid. The resulting mass is applied to problem areas.
Conditions of detention and care
Like all succulents, a healing plant has the ability to accumulate moisture, so it does not need frequent, abundant watering. The optimum temperature is + 18-25 ° C. The flower tolerates heat and loves the light, but on hot sunny days after twelve hours it is advisable to place it in partial shade to protect the leaves from burns. In winter, the temperature should not be allowed to fall below + 10 ° C - Kalanchoe can die. You also need to protect it from drafts. Home care for the plant is quite simple and will not be a problem even for novice gardeners.
Суккулент использует 3 способа: вегетативный, с помощью семян, черенкованием. Наиболее прост и доступен первый. Образующиеся между зубцами выводковые почки с воздушными корешками прорастут, если листок уложить внутренней стороной вверх, присыпать землей и опрыскать водой. For this property, the flower is referred to as "pseudo-resident." When young plants reach 10–15 cm, they are deposited in separate pots.
For a large number of sprouts use seeds. In March-May, they are sown in moist soil, slightly pressing with fingers, then covered with foil. The best germination is observed at a temperature of + 20–22 ° С. Polyethylene is regularly raised for admission of fresh air. When shoots appear after 4–5 weeks, thinning is performed, leaving the strongest and strongest sprouts. After transplanting into individual containers for 8–10 days, young plants are placed in a darkened place for better rooting.
A new flower is formed from the stalk or leaf. Separate young shoots, leave for 3-4 hours to dry the cut. Then placed in a damp ground and covered with glass container, creating the conditions of the greenhouse. Once every 1-2 days the bank is removed for ventilation. It is permissible to pre-put a leaf or cutting in water and place it in the ground after the appearance of the roots.
It is required as the flower grows, when the roots fill most of the space and protrude above the ground. The pot is chosen volumetric, wide. At the bottom of the stack drainage layer to absorb excess moisture. Transplantation is carried out in the spring. It is forbidden to do this during the flowering period. Use the method of transshipment, so as not to disturb the root system. After watering, the plant is removed along with the earthy clod, transplanted into a new container and the soil is added to the required level.
Pinching and trimming
Produced to avoid excessive growth in height and improve the development of young lateral shoots. Scissors carefully remove the thinned leaves in the upper part of the plant. In order to give Kalanchoe strength, they remove the peduncle; they also use pruning for decorative purposes for shape correction.
Soil, fertilizing and watering
The maximum amount of moisture the flower requires in spring and summer, in a period of intensive growth. Water it every 3-4 days in small portions - an excess of liquid will lead to rotting of the root system. Do not allow the top layer of earth to dry in a pot. For irrigation, use separated water: in the winter at room temperature, in summer - cool.
The soil for the plant is purchased in the floriculture shop (suitable for cacti ground) or prepared independently. For this, coarse sand, humus, and leaf earth are mixed in equal proportions, crushed birch coal, and crumb from bricks are added. To ensure rapid growth and strengthen the flower, once every 4–6 weeks, fertilizer is applied to the soil for cacti or fertilizers based on nitrogen components. Do not use organic mixtures.
Pest and Flower Disease Control
The danger is aphid. Insects that feed on plant sap multiply rapidly and are capable of destroying Kalanchoe, as well as the nearby flowers. Infected plants are treated with an aqueous solution of laundry soap (10 g per 500 ml), avoiding ingestion of the agent into the soil. If you miss the time, the affected bushes will have to be destroyed. Also, the flower is susceptible to the attack of shield insects - slightly larger winged insects. Leaves are gray, dry. Pests are harvested by hand, then the Kalanchoe is wiped with cotton wool soaked in vodka or alcohol. Diseased flowers sprayed with infusion of garlic. To make it, crushed teeth pour 200 ml of water, leave for 2 hours, filter.
With high humidity and lack of light, the risk of gray mold increases. On the leaves there is a specific bloom and oozing spots. When the room is too dry and hot, the flower becomes susceptible to the appearance of powdery mildew. To combat these problems use fungicidal agents that are sold in specialized departments. With the defeat of stem rot, black spots are formed on the stem and leaves. The treatment is carried out with the appropriate preparations for this disease, if it does not help, the infected specimen is destroyed.
How to achieve flowering
Budding usually occurs in the winter, when the light day is shortened and the air temperature drops. To activate the process, you need to put the plant pot in a cool place (not above + 16 ° C) for six weeks. 10–12 hours a day the flower should be in the dark, the rest of the time - in dim light. Watering frequency is reduced. After the formation of buds, the pot is transferred back to the window sill. The benefits and healing qualities of Kalanchoe do not depend on flowering.
Botanical information about the plant and its species
Currently, about two hundred species of Kalanchoe are described. In Latin, the name sounds like "pinnatum", which means "pinnate." Among traditional healers, the plant is often referred to as a family doctor.
In our country the most popular varieties are:
- Kalanchoe Degremona.
- Kalanchoe pinnate.
All these varieties are not similar to each other and are applied in their own way in standard and non-traditional treatment. But they are very similar.
For example, all types of plants - perennials, grows a flower up to 1 m 30 cm tall, has an upright or tortuous thick stem, the foliage is very juicy.
But officially recognized as a medicinal plant, Kalanchoe pinnate is considered.
The main components included
The flower includes an incredible amount of nutrients.
All these components make Kalanchoe juice surprisingly useful, for example, it includes:
- Trace elements
- Malic, oxalic, acetic acid.
- Lectins, as well as bufadinolide cardiac glycosides (cryophiline A, bersaldegenin-3-acetate and cryophylin C), vitamin P (0.05%), hydrochloric acid - 37%, macro- and microelements: aluminum, magnesium, iron, calcium, silicium , manganese, copper.
Substance briophyllin A in the experiment exhibits strong antitumor activity and insecticidal action.
In the treatment of various pathologies, it is the juice that is used; from the fleshy foliage, ointments and medicinal tinctures are prepared.
Pharmacological properties of Kalanchoe
Drugs (juice, ointment) of Kalanchoe pinotus have:
- anti-inflammatory properties
- contribute to a more rapid cleansing of wounds and ulcers from necrotic tissue and the rapid epithelialization of the wound and ulcer surface.
In addition, it has been experimentally proven that Kalanchoe juice has a bactericidal effect on Staphylococcus aureus, hemolytic and non-hemolytic streptococcus, and also promotes wound healing.
Kalanchoe cirrus is used to treat leishmaniasis (a parasitic disease of tropical countries that is transmitted through the bites of sand flies
Under what pathologies is it good to use Kalanchoe?
The juice of a medicinal plant is very effective and helps as an integrated therapy of such pathologies as:
- Trophic ulcers
- Non-healing wounds.
- The bedsores
- Fresh surgical sutures.
- Inflammatory processes in the mouth - with gingivitis (acute, diffuse, catarrhal), periodontal disease, aphthous stomatitis, inflammation of the gums and oral mucosa (in the form of gargles),
- All types of respiratory diseases (runny nose, sinusitis, cough, bronchitis, upper respiratory tract infections, flu, gargle for sore throat and laryngitis, high fever)
- Eye pathology is used to treat various forms of keratitis (bullous, neuroparalytic, traumatic, ulcerative, herpetic), corneal erosion, eyelid inflammation, and is especially effective in treating eye burns.
- The plant helps women from varicose veins, at breaks after delivery, in case of vaginal wounds, uterine erosion, cracking of the nipples.
- Children and adults are given medicine on the basis of Kalanchoe for cough, for sinusitis, for the common cold.
How to grow Kalanchoe pinnate flower at home?
True care of the plant can be carried out by everyone.
The basis is not to flood the root system, keep the flower in the light and not forget about the cool wintering.
In order to get a healthy shrub with a sufficient number of buds, the flower is fertilized for the entire autumn period, but it is impossible to overfeed.
A flower pot should be kept away from any batteries and radiators, but there should not be a shortage of lighting.
If there is little light in the room, you will have to think about artificial light.
Follow the Kalanchoe in the hot period must be in a special way. If you do not pay attention to some of the nuances, you can destroy it.
Watering in the summer should be plentiful, but not often.
Watering should be carried out 1 time per week, but the water should not stagnate. If the plant is poured, the root system will rot.
But, earthy clod should not dry, it will ruin the plant. You can not spray often. Lush foliage should be wiped with a wet sponge.
For better growth, you need to fertilize the means for succulents.
The temperature regime in winter should be within 12-15 ° C, and a very warm winter will cause the leaves to fall off. The plant will stretch, the trunk will become bare, and the buds will wither.
The only way to rectify the situation will be to transfer the flower to a cool loggia.