Calla or zantedeskiya is a genus uniting 9 species of perennial herbaceous plants. In the wild, they sometimes reach impressive sizes. For cultivation in rooms use 3 types:
- Ethiopian Calla,
- Calla elliot
- Calla Remani.
Calla ethiopian has large dark green leaves, often reaching 45-50 cm in length. The flowers are white funnel-shaped, large. This species is the largest of all used in room culture.
Popular varieties of Ethiopian calla:
- The green goddess is a two-tone white-green variety,
- Childsian is a compact, abundantly flowering variety. Flowers with a snow-white veil and bright orange center.
Callas, planting and care in the open field
Another name - calla, reflects the flying, airy outlines of this delightful flower, which is considered a talisman of mutual love and happiness in family life. Beautiful photos of these beautiful flowers are presented here in all its glory.
Picture of gorgeous yellow callas floreks, effectively stand out against the background of wide green leaves with silvery specks.
The large bract of pure white elegantly frames the golden heart.
Very beautiful dark purple handsome callas with a cherry border grow on the shore of a decorative pond.
It is very easy to make a bouquet of graceful callas. All that is needed is to find a suitable vase for slender beauties.
Gentle shiny picture with calla in the sunlight.
A pair of callahs, touchingly pressed to each other.
Beautiful Ethiopian calla in the picture with an orange cob.
Flowerbed callas REMANNI. Each flower looks like a work of art, showing a white thin inflorescence surrounded by a lilac leaf coverlet with a pink tint.
The photograph of pink flowers proudly flaunting on high cane petioles resemble the flamingo birds with their bright plumage.
A charming frog in a flower.
A kind of arum, the pride of flower breeders, called the "solar flare".
Calla preference is shady or semi shady areas, bright sun can be given only in the evening, cooler compared to noon hours.
In winter, feces are kept at temperatures of 10 ° C, however, they can withstand lower temperatures, and by the summer they can slowly increase their performance to + 16 ° C.
In order to successfully grow calla, it is necessary to remember that this exotic plant must have a pronounced rest period. Growth at this time stops, the leaves turn yellow, you need to stop feeding and moderate watering.
Calla constantly requires moisture and high humidity in the room, the earthy lump should not dry out, before beginning flowering 2 times a week it is necessary to feed the calla with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction takes place with the help of lateral offsprings appearing near the rhizome, they are cut, dried for 2-3 days and planted in a narrow pot, when the plant has taken root, transplant into more bulk dishes. You can propagate the calla seeds, but it is quite troublesome.
Plants need to be transplanted annually, immediately after the end of the dormant period, into a container 2-3 cm more than the former.
When the air is dry, a red spider appears and slows down the overall growth of the plant, and also affects the mealybug. At very low temperatures during the rest period, the plant may not come to life.
Callas in pots: care at home
Article: 53420 (seasonal product)
One side calla very beloved and extremely popular, but on the other hand, quite rare plant for the garden. What is the reason? Oddly enough - mistakes in the cultivation of callas lie in the elementary lack of knowledge of its classification.
As a rule, gardeners confuse callas belonging to two fundamentally different types:
1. Calla Ethiopian (Calla aethiopica) - high feces mostly white. This species of calla has an underground part in the form of a rhizome, it is moisture-loving and does not shed its leaves for the rest period.
2. Calla rehmanni (Calla rehmannii) is a lower calla having a wide color gamut. Calla Rehmanni has an underground part in the form of a tuber, it is less demanding on the sun, soil moisture and air and drops leaves for the rest period.
Calla varieties Rehmanni is more common on sale, but gardeners, guided by the "knowledge" that calla is extremely moisture-loving - just simply pour these plants, and if it wasn’t possible to fill it, calla Rehmanni entered the rest period and dropped the leaves - believe that they "destroyed" it and throw good and viable calla tubers in the trash.
Calla Pink variety (Calla PINK) belongs to the Rehmanni group, its height is only 35-45 cm.
The size of the bedspread is 12-15 cm long and 6-8 cm wide. The color of the coverlet (pink calla flower) is pink. Calla blooms in July-September, keeping the flower decorative for one to one and a half months.
The number of tubers in the package - 2 pieces
Parsing Tubers - 14 / +
In order to buy perennial flowers by mail, eg calla varieties Pink in our online store of bulbous and perennial flowers, select the price corresponding to the expected form of payment and click "Add to Cart".
Calla pink shipped in spring (Russian Post) in a perforated package and label with a brief annotation.
Calla - perennial herb with tuberous rhizome. The leaves are large, arrow-shaped, on long petioles, juicy green, shiny, and in some varieties leaf blades are decorated with silver-white translucent spots. It has a single inflorescence typical of all aroids in the form of a creamy yellow cob, surrounded by a large funnel-shaped sheet, on a long peduncle. The color of the bedspread is varied: white, yellow, pink. Interspecific hybrids can also have a cream blanket, and pink shades are brought to carmine and purple by the efforts of breeders.
Location: prefers bright diffused light, from direct midday sunlight plant pritenyayut.
In the period of flowering needs in bright light.
The soil: well drafted.
Landing: The bulbs are planted in a row strictly horizontally, ground down, and upward sprouting shoots into a prepared small hole with a depth of up to 10 cm with an interval of 0.15 m from each other. Landings generously shed to facilitate rooting.
Reproduction: seeds, but mainly vegetatively - by division
Using: Calla has an unusual exotic beauty. Serves as a wonderful decoration of large aquariums, artificial ponds, fountains. Leaves and inflorescences are resistant to cutting and are widely used in composing bouquets and compositions, giving them extraordinary refinement and expressiveness.
Trezhe - Plant height 50-60 cm. Orange.
Category: Various bulbous
What does a plant look like?
Calla (calla) has an unusual appearance. The height of the stem can reach 80 cm, but there are also higher varieties, for example, Ethiopian calla can grow up to 150 cm. The inflorescence consists of two parts: a cob of yellow color and a veil. The veil is a bract that has a funnel-shaped form; upward it expands, forming a so-called collar. The leaves are large (up to 30 cm long), basal. The color of the leaves is bright green, blotches of white or silver are possible. Many people compare the leaves of a plant with arrowheads.
What do calla leaves look like in the photo?
Callas and cannes
Calla should not be confused with cannes. Despite the fact that their names are very similar, they are completely different cultures. Canna is a bright and ornamental plant from the Cannes family of the same name. Calla also belongs to the Aroid family.
They differ in appearance. Cannes is more visually reminiscent of irises or gladioli. In addition, cannes are usually grown in gardens and extremely rarely in indoor conditions. Canna has large flowers that are collected in clusters in the form of brushes. Calla has one flower at the top of the stem. Only the leaves of these cultures are partly similar, however, in calla they are more brilliant and bright. And at the canna they are larger, but not so saturated.
Flowers similar to calla
There is not one houseplant similar to calla. Inexperienced growers often confuse these crops. These include spathiphyllum and anthurium.
Anthurium - This is a home flower, similar to calla, only red. However, to date, varieties have been bred and with different colors of flowers of a given culture. The plant is otherwise referred to as "male happiness." And another plant - spathiphyllum They are called "women's happiness", so they are often grown with each other. Spathiphyllum flowers differ mainly in white color, than even more resemble Ethiopian calla.
Callas are considered a symbol of love and well-being. No wonder the culture is very often used to create wedding bouquets. According to folk beliefs, culture has several magical properties:
- Callas protect the house or apartment, where they are located, saves from stressful and unpleasant situations,
- Plants symbolize peace and harmony. For example, calla will help in building relationships with the child, if you put flowers in the nursery. In the matrimonial bedroom, the calla is a welcome guest. Sexual energy, passion and love come from the plant,
- Callas have a positive effect on health.. So, there is a belief that if you hand a bouquet of callas to a sick person, he will rather recover.
Callas are often used to create wedding bouquets, as they symbolize family happiness and well-being of future spouses. The presence of a flower in the bouquet of the bride emphasizes the femininity and beauty of youth.
Why are plants called flowers of death?
Callas are often called "colors of death." But the point is not that these flowers attract death. In the West, it is customary to bring white flowers to the graves. And callas are very popular. In addition, they are grown in the cemetery.
In this regard, the plants should not be given to older women, since such a bouquet hints at their imminent death. And in some European countries, for example in the UK, it is completely forbidden to give bouquets of white callas.
There are signs associated with the use and content of these plants.
Callas are a symbol of happiness and well-being, so the plants help to remove quarrels and conflicts in families. Plants can even be given in pairs - this will not be considered a sign of mourning.
Despite the custom in Europe to bring callas for funerals, the plants themselves are not a magnet of death and other misfortunes.
The plant grown in the room, gives a charge of vivacity to the owners, and also calms the nerves. In addition, there is a belief that calla strengthens the immune system.
The family to which the flowers belong is called Aroid. In Latin, the name sounds like Calle. The flower got its name from Karl Lynne. South Africa is considered the birthplace of culture. The area of distribution of culture is quite wide. The plant can be found in the nature of Russia (the European part, Siberia and the Far East). The culture grows mainly on the banks of ponds and marshes.
It is a rhizomatous plant. The root system is distinguished by strong branching. Basal leaves are long, pointed at the ends. Have a smooth, shiny surface. The length of the leaf is about 15 cm. The flower consists of a cob and a bract in the form of a bedspread. Culture height - up to 150 cm depending on the gradebut. Culture blooms during the month from mid-May to mid-June or at another time, depending on the variety.
What flowers are combined with calla lilies? These plants can be considered marigolds, host, groundcover plants.
All callas are divided into:
White callas originated from an Ethiopian variety of culture. The flowers are white and large, and the size of the plant can reach 150 cm.
Colored callas have a wide variety of flower colors: pink, yellow, orange, red, purple, black, burgundy, green. Plant height rarely exceeds 70 cm.
Black calla Odessa in a pot will decorate the window sill with its elegant, almost black flowers.
Dark callas are exquisite and original plants, they are distinguished by an unusual, almost black color of flowers. Compositions with dark and white calla lilies are successful.
Callas of different colors in a vase.
Red calla lilies in a Red Alert pot are spectacularly distinguished by bright red flowers against a background of green foliage.
Gorgeous varietal variety Captain Ventura with white flowers in bouquets.
Spectacular Florex Gold with bright neon yellow flowers in a pot.
Photos of Captain Rosette varieties with pink-colored bracts in bouquets.
Pale pink Samur growing in a basket.
In bouquets and container plantings calla lilies are often combined dark and light, including pink varieties. In this photo varieties Schwarzwalder and Captain Rosette.
The Black Star variety, grown in an outdoor container, is distinguished by its dark maroon saturated bract color.
Captain Safari with bright orange flowers in bouquets.
Blue and blue
Immediately, we note: there are no such varieties! In the photo below - either artificial flowers or painted.
Incredibly tender bouquet composition of blue callas Wedgwood Blue.
Wedding bouquet of callas, which are called Deep Blue.
Purple and Lilac
A bright and spectacular bouquet of callas of the variety Purple Sensation.
Light purple callas in a pot of Amethyst.
Garden and room
There are no significant differences in the varieties of garden and indoor varieties. Cultivation is also identical. The only exception is the winter period. In winter, a culture cannot grow in a garden; it must be dug out and transferred to a room.
The following varieties are often grown in indoor floriculture:
- Akela (Akela),
- Cherry Kiss,
- Elegant Swan.
Some varieties are grown mainly in the garden. Among those:
There are several varieties of culture. These include:
- Ethiopian White (Calla aethiopica)- the most common form. It is cultivated both in room conditions, and in gardens. Differs snow-white color of flowers. Height can reach 150 cm. There are also greenish flowers. The look is often used for creating bouquets and decorating premises for celebrations,
- Elliottiana (C. Elliottiana) - type of plant, different yellow color of flowers. Abundant flowering. Variety prefers growth in sunny areas,
- Remann (S. Rehmanii)- This is a low variety of callas. Height - no more than 50 cm. Colors: pink and red.
There is also swamp species. In nature, it grows in coastal areas of water bodies, as well as in swampy areas. Often used in landscape design for decorating artificial ponds. Culture blooms from late spring throughout the month. Bracts are white. The plant grows quickly and easily. It is poisonous.
Mango - This is a perennial varietal variety of culture. The leaves are smooth and large. Coloring is bright green with flecks of silvery shade. On long peduncles there are single flowers, which consist of a yellow cob and bedspread. The bedspread is orange with a yellowish tinge. Flowering varieties begins in July and ends in August. The variety is good for growing containers, pots, in flower beds. Also beautiful are bouquets of callas Mango.
Red Alert (Red Alert) - this is a spectacular variety. The height of the plant is not more than 60 cm. The cover of the flower has a rich red color. The flowers are large, up to 12 cm in diameter. The height of the flower is about 10 cm. The leaves are large. The leaf color is bright green with silvery inclusions. It blooms all summer.
Crystal Blush - This is a tender plant with a height of not more than 70 cm. The bloom is long - from mid-June to September. At the beginning of flowering veil has a white color. Then a pale pink border appears. The leaves have a dark green color without blotches. It has a very pleasant aroma, reminiscent of vanilla. The grade is considered one of the most popular among white grades.
Schwarzwalder - an incredibly spectacular variety. The cover has almost black coloring with claret outflow. The height of the flower is about 10 cm. Flowering begins in the middle of summer, and ends in September. The leaves are large, bright green with large silver dots. The height of the culture does not exceed 60 cm. The variety is suitable for growing in pots, in garden plots, and is also good for creating bouquet compositions.
Cantor - another luxury variety. The bedspread is black with a purple tint. The leaves are green in color with white specks. Flowering continues from July to early autumn. The height of the culture does not exceed 60 cm. The variety is usually used for growing on garden plots.
Odessa - perennial, from which it is impossible to take your eyes off. This is a fairly large variety. Its height can reach 100 cm. The flowers are large - up to 15 cm in height. The cover of the flower has a dark cherry color with a black tint. The leaves are large, dark green, shiny without inclusions. The variety is grown to beautify the garden plots.
Black Star (Black Star) - Another variety variety of almost black callas. Цветки крупные (до 10 см в диаметре) отличается темно-бордовым, практически черным покрывалом изящной воронковидной формы. Листья длинные, темно-зеленые с белыми крапинками. На листьях четко виднеется тонкая кайма бордового оттенка. Это многолетний сад выращивается преимущественно на садовых участках.Plant height can reach 70 cm. Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts for a month.
Hot Shot - a popular variety of colored callas. The height of the plant does not exceed 60 cm. The inflorescence is represented by a yellow cob wrapped in a bedspread, which has a peach color. The leaves are large with white dots. The variety can be used for growing indoor and outdoor conditions.
Garnet Glow (Garnet Glow) - a very bright variety with a height of not more than 60 cm. A goblet-shaped flower has a height of about 10 cm. The color of the coverlet is bright pink. The variety blooms throughout the summer. It is grown mainly in garden plots.
Black Eyed Beauty - long-term tuberous variety. Plant height does not exceed 60 cm. The leaves are long and large. Leaf color is dark green with white specks. Remarkable coloring bracts-coverlets. The veil itself has a cream or vanilla color, and inside it is distinguished by a black eye. Variety blooms from mid-July until the end of August. It is grown mainly in open field.
Florex Gold (Florex Gold) - bright and showy variety of callas. The height of the plant is no more than 60 cm. The color of the flower is distinctive - bright yellow. The leaves are large, have a dark green color with silvery inclusions. The variety is grown in a pot at home and in the open field.
Sunshine - Another bright yellow calla. The height is not more than 50 cm. The bedspreads of flowers are highlighted in bright lemon, as if neon. The variety blooms from mid summer to late August. When blooming bedspreads have a greenish tint. Sunshine will be a bright decoration of the garden plot.
Captain Safari - it is a perennial plant up to 70 cm high. On one bush up to 10 large and bright flowers are revealed. Bract in the form of a funnel has a yellow-orange color. The variety pleases with flowering throughout the summer period. It is grown mainly in open field.
Samur (Samur) - This is a perennial culture with a height of no more than 55 cm. The leaves are long, bright green. Bracts are pale pink in color. The variety blooms in July and blooms through September. The root system is represented by tubers. Samur is used for growing in the garden and is also suitable for creating bouquets.
Majestic Red - bright garden Calla up to 60 cm. Arrowed leaves have a bright green color with white patches. Spectacular large flowers of calla. The cover has a rich red color. The grade will decorate any corner of a garden.
Vermeer (Vermeer) - a charming variety of culture. Differs original color of the flower. The cover has a snow-white color, and on its inner side there is a large purple spot. Flowering is long - from mid-June to September. The leaves are green with white dots.
Chameleon (Cameleon) - This is a perennial. The height of the culture is no more than 60 cm. The leaves are bright green with numerous silvery specks. On the peduncles are large single flowers. The bright yellow cob is covered with a funnel-shaped blanket of pale yellow with a pink tinge.
Captain Promice - spectacular perennial variety of garden callas. The plant grows to 65 cm. The flower has a dark purple color with a black tint. Flowering continues throughout the summer season. The variety is grown mainly in open field.
Captain Romance - a plant up to 100 cm high. Leaves are dark green with few white specks. On the background of green foliage towering bright pink flowers. The grade can be used for cultivation in a garden and at home, and also for drawing up bouquets.
Red Sox (Red Sox) - varietal variety of callas with a height of not more than 50 cm. The leaves are dark green with white patches. The bract is funnel-shaped, with a bright red color with a slight orange tinge. Flowering plant begins in mid-summer and lasts until the end of September.
Captain Renault (Captain Reno) - Another exquisite variety of calla. The plant is compact, its height does not exceed 60 cm. The flowers of the variety are spectacular. The cover has a dark purple color. The flowers are gorgeous against the background of dark green foliage with silvery specks.
Amethyst (Amethyst) - common variety, often grown in indoor conditions. The height of the culture does not exceed 70 cm. The bract bract has a rich purple color. The leaves are long, large, bright green.
Black Forest (Black Forest) - This is a spectacular varietal variety of callas with maroon bracts. The height of the culture is about 55 cm. The leaves are dark green with numerous white dots. The variety is grown indoors and in the garden. Flowering lasts throughout the season.
Calla Albomaculata (Albomaculata) - a popular variety. Height not more than 60 cm. Flowers are goblet, large. Bract has a snow-white color. The leaves are long dark green with white dots. The variety is predominantly grown in open field.
Captain Rosette - delicate variety with a height of not more than 40 cm. Bract-coverlet has a pale pink color with a soft overflow into white. The leaves are bright green with rare specks. The variety is used for planting in indoor and outdoor conditions.
Lavender Jem - low bush (no more than 40 cm) with large basal leaves of bright green color. The flowers have a pink-purple color. The variety is usually grown in gardens in flower beds and flower beds, as well as in containers.
Treasure - common bright variety of calla. It grows up to 60 cm in height. Bract in the form of a veil is highlighted in orange-red color. The flowers look great, towering above the dark green large leaves with rare white dots. The variety is grown in open field and in room conditions.
Evening - spectacular Russian variety. These are perennial low plants (height not more than 40 cm) with large, bright green leaves with frequent white specks. Calla flowers look exquisitely dark mauve with black tints. Grown indoors in pots, as well as outdoors in the garden.
Picasso (Picasso) - A fairly tall bush (can grow up to 100 cm) with long, arrow-shaped leaves of bright green color. On the stem there is a single flower with a snow-white sprat bract. Inside it there is a dark purple spot around the bright yellow cob. Picasso blooms in mid-summer and blooms until the end of September.
Cameo (Cameo) - A plant whose height does not exceed 60 cm. Bracts are distinguished by a rich orange color with yellowish overflows. Foliage is dark green with numerous white spots. The variety is used for planting in pots, in flower beds, as well as for making bouquet arrangements.
Flame - brightly colored calla no more than 55 cm high. Above dark green leaves with numerous white dots, goblet-like flowers of the cob, surrounded by an elegant veil, rise. Inside it is yellow, and outside it is orange with overflow into yellow.
Mint Julip - very effective variety variety of calla. The height does not exceed 70 cm. The leaves are dark green. Above them rise elegant large flowers of snow-white color. Buds before blooming have a greenish tint. The variety is grown in pots indoors and outdoors.
Passion Fruit - a popular elegant grade. Grows no more than 50 cm. Flowers are single, large. The cover has bright apricot coloring with a red-orange dusting. Foliage is dark green with silver dots.
Captain Ventura (Captain Ventura) - an exquisite variety of calla. Against the background of dark green shiny foliage gorgeous white, large flowers. The height of the stems is no more than 60 cm. There are rare white specks on the leaves. Variety blooms from July to the end of September. During this period, reveals up to 9 flowers.
Elegant Swan - effective widespread grade. Mostly grown on window sills. The stem has a height of not more than 70 cm. The leaves are long, large, painted in bright green color. There are rare white specks on the sheet. The flowers are large, white.
Rare grades of callas could be called blue and blue, if such existed in nature at all. In general, except for shades of sky and sea, the whole range of shades is covered by modern varieties of callas. There are even green ones, in the photo below there is a variety with the two-color coloring Green Goddes (Green Goddess).
Black varieties should also be attributed to rare ones, however, they became popular with flower growers for the rare and original coloring of bracts, and they are generally easy to find in modern stores.
Common varieties are white and colored (pink, orange). Yellow, purple and red are also popular, but more in gardening than in indoor. The most common are Ethiopian callas.
General description of calla
Calla, or zantedeskiya, is a perennial herbaceous plant up to 2.5 meters high. The leaves are wide, basal, dark green. In some varieties of leaves are covered with white specks. Inflorescence - the ear of a yellow color on a long peduncle. The cover of the flower is large, funnel-shaped, white, pink or yellow.
Callas are grown in greenhouses, common in indoor floriculture. Many varieties are suitable for cutting, as they are able to stand in a bouquet for up to a month.
Callas are poisonous plants because of the high content of calcium oxalate.
Toxic whole plant. If calyx juice gets on the mucous membranes, pain and irritation occur, swelling and subsequent severe allergic reaction are possible. Contact dermatitis may appear on the skin from flower sap. Care for him should be very carefully, avoiding the ingress of juice on the skin.
Callas can be propagated by seed, but most often they do it vegetatively - by dividing the root.
For regular flowering callas need a period of rest. It lasts from two to six months.
During this period, colored species shed their leaves and completely stop growing, and white callas do not lose their decorative effect, but stop developing. In the dormant period, colored varieties are stored in a cool place as a sleeping tuber, and whites restrict watering.
The following types of callas are common in indoor floriculture:
- calla elliot
- calla remani
- Calla Picasso,
- Ethiopian Calla
Photos of flowers calla amaze variety of shapes and colors. Among them are snow-white specimens, yellow, red, purple and almost black. Two-colored varieties are especially beautiful when the flower at the base and edges has different shades.
Calla Elliot "Zantedeschia elliottiana"
Calla Elliot is distinguished by large leaves with white specks and flowers of two shades. The plant is tuberous, it is best to propagate it vegetatively. The variety likes good care - a lot of light, warmth, frequent watering.
The most famous varieties of callas:
- "Vermeer" - is highly decorative. The leaves are carved, wavy at the edges, covered with white specks. At the stem, the flower of calla burgundy tone, closer to the edges smoothly turns into white.
- “Yellow Corner” - the green stem gradually changes to yellowish color. The cover of the flower is a soft yellow, sunny shade. The grade perfectly looks with bright leaves in a speck.
- "Black-eyed beauty" - a wide light yellow petal has a thick purple middle and a corn-yellow stamen. The leaves are dark, covered with large white specks of irregular shape.
Callas: description, photo of flowers, variety for home and garden
Callas are delicate, beautiful, elegant flowers that can not but admire others with their unusual and exquisite appearance. Culture is grown as indoor, as garden, and also used to create a variety of bouquet compositions. Very often, the flower is used to create wedding bouquets, for which the culture is called "wedding flower".
How correctly: calla or calla? When writing, please note that the first option is correct, and the second one is erroneous.
South Africa is considered the birthplace of a beautiful flower. The second name of the culture is zantedeskiya. Calla is also called calla.
How to grow callas - on video
Recently, the flower is not considered so capricious. In the video below, from the Garden World channel - how to grow callas in a pot.
Calla flowers - photo Ethiopian, Picasso, Elliot, Remani, black, white, red callas, video
Calla flowers are a popular ornamental plant in gardens, greenhouses and pot plants. Callas belong to the genus Zantedeschia, perennial herbs of the aroid family. The popular name of the flower is calla. This apt word accurately reflects the appearance of the culture — a large, wide petal-bedspread most often has a white color and looks like a bird's wing. Originally a flower comes from equatorial and southern Africa. There it grows in swampy places.
Calla Remani (Calla rehmannii)
Calla Remani refers to the undersized form. Plants reach a height of not more than half a meter. It has narrow green leaves that sheds for the winter. It is propagated by tubers, popular in indoor floriculture. Known varieties:
- “Evening” - this name was given to the variety of calla with dark purple, almost black flowers.
- Indian Summer is an unusual and rare variety of red calla with a pomegranate hue.
- "Chameleon" - fully justifies its name - the flowers shine with all shades of peach and golden tones. Dark green leaves are covered with white specks.
- "Picasso" is a variety of callas 35-45 cm high. Large maroon flowers with a bright border bloom in July-September and bloom up to one and a half months.
- Black Forest - the variety has large flowers in the form of a burgundy-purple hue.
- "Anneke" - beautiful funnel-shaped flowers of pink and purple hue.
Calla Ethiopian (Zantedeschia aethiopica)
Ethiopian Calla is the largest variety of zantedeski for indoor cultivation. This species has large, heart-shaped leaves and funnel-shaped inflorescences. During the rest period, the foliage remains bright green, which increases the decorative appearance. The most famous varieties of Ethiopian Calla include:
- "Green Goddess" - a variety with white-green flowers and a short lemon-colored stamen.
- "Childsiana" - a variety that blooms profusely with white flowers with an orange center.
- "Amethyst" - a variety of purple calla is notable for its considerable height and delicate aroma.
- "Pearls" - a tall variety with light green leaves, the flowers are large, white, fragrant, on the outside of a greenish tint. Suitable for bouquets.
- “Albomakulata” - a large white flower has the shape of a candle and a light aroma of vanilla.
- "Captain Chelsea" is a wonderful two-color variety. The cover is burgundy in color with a golden border. The leaves are dark green with silver dots.
- "Little Jam" - Calla has white flowers of original appearance. A flower that does not bloom to the end twists like a funnel, in the middle there is a bright yellow stamen. On the edge of the petal greenish-claw.
How to plant calla
Purchased tubers should be first held in diluted pink manganese, and then put for a couple of hours in a solution of the stimulator "Kornevin" or any other. The plant requires a fairly large amount of land - about 2.5 liters per tuber. Drainage is poured at the bottom of the pot, then nutritious soil. Calla tuber is smooth below and in the upper part has small protuberances. Put tuber need a smooth part down to wet ground.
Planting should be shallow, the tuber is only covered with a layer of earth no more than 1-2 cm. Otherwise, there is a high risk of rotting of the roots.
Immediately after planting, the calla is not watered, the pot is left in a warm place without drafts. In the future, Calla flowers need regular watering. Also, the plant should be fed complex fertilizer for flowers.
Garden callas: variety variety and care
Kalla or Zantedeskia (Zantedeschia) is a genus of herbaceous plants of the aroid family. The genus includes eight species, some of which are used as garden and ornamental crops. Tropical flower grown in the open field and at home on the windowsills. Calla requires certain conditions of detention, and also needs a period of rest. There are tuber and rhizomatous varieties, care for which varies. Having once planted any calla on your site, you will never part with this beauty.
Varieties of callas and description of varieties
The most popular are the following types.
Ethiopian calla (Calla with rhizome):
- Amethyst (color covered in purple and wide, bright green foliage, fragrant flowers),
- Green Goddes (green goddess - a two-color flower with a small lemon spike),
- Pearls (room callae with a white bract and a delicate aroma),
- Little Jam (white callas with an extended petal edge),
- Nikolay (high callas for street cultivation, the color of the bracts is white)
- Pearl von Stuttgart (excellent variety for greenhouses and greenhouses, variegated foliage),
- Red Desire (white cover and red cob inside).
Elliot (undersized callas):
- Vermeer (variegated foliage, elegant purple-white bedspread),
- Yellow corner (spotted foliage, lemon yellow coverlet),
- Black-eyed beauty (spotty leaf of irregular shape, coverlet lemon-cream color).
Remana (moisture-loving tuberous species with spotty color of leaves).
- Evening (motley foliage, blue-ink blanket),
- Индийское лето (пестрая листва, красно-гранатовое покрывало),
- Хамелеон (пестрая листва, кремово-персиковое покрывало с золотистым оттенком).
Размножение растения: каллы из семян, деление корневища
Молодой цветок как на фото можно получить двумя способами: вырастить из семян или вегетативно. Seed propagation does not always preserve varietal traits, so they are used infrequently. The collected material needs an urgent landing, as it very quickly loses germination. By the way, this is a feature of almost all aroids.
The substrate for planting is prepared as follows: 1 part of peat is mixed with a part of coarse sand, the mixture is moderately moisturized. Seeds are laid out on the surface without being buried in the ground. Lightly sprinkle from spray. Capacities tightly closed with glass or transparent polyethylene. The optimum temperature for germination is +22 ° C. In 1-2 months sprouts will appear.
Council Greenhouses periodically air, removing the film. Condensation on the walls of the tank indicates excessive waterlogging.
The sturdy calla seedlings swoop down to the first leaf. After 1.5–2 months, young plants are planted in 7 cm deep pots. The soil is as follows:
- turf ground - part 1,
- leaf ground - 1 part,
- peat - 1 part,
- river sand - 1 part.
Young plants are watered gently. Grown-up callas need more abundant moisture. Make it warm defended water. Signal to watering is drying the top layer of soil. In autumn, the plants are transplanted into a larger container with the same substrate.
The fastest blooming calla is propagated by a tuber or a lateral shoot. Autumn on the roots of the plants are formed "kids", which are easily separated. The scion ready for separation will have a thin connection with the “donor”, if the jumper is too wide, it is better not to touch the tuber. The cut point is likely to rot.
Planting a tuberous calla
Overwintered tubers are planted in early May. You can do this immediately in open ground, but better in pots. Frosts on the ground will destroy the thermophilic callas. To obtain an earlier flowering procedure is performed at the end of March.
The material is inspected, the rotted or dried parts are removed. Places cuts sprinkled with antiseptic. At home, suitable activated carbon or ground cinnamon. Then soaked in a solution of fungicide for tubers or manganese (about half an hour).
The tanks for planting are medium sized with large drainage holes. At the bottom of the pot stack drainage, top asleep ready nutrient mixture. Suitable soil for Saintpaulia weakly acid reaction. The tuber is laid buds up, deepening by 2 cm. If the seedlings have already hatch, they are not sprinkled. Cover capacity is not necessary. Tubers watered. To stimulate growth, phytosporin can be added to water.
Before planting calla in the garden, young plants are hardened. Carry out in windless weather outside or briefly open the window. The plants are moved carefully to a new place, trying not to destroy the clod of earth on the roots.
Care of calla lilies: irrigation and fertilizing with fertilizers
On the garden plot for tuberous callas choose a place with diffused sunlight without stagnant water. Not a tuberous species - Ethiopian callas, more hygrophilous and tolerate small swampiness. All aroids on bright midday rays get burns on the leaf plates, since the surface of the leaf is wide and glossy. Do not like the hot sun and callas. Consider that in full shading the flower will not bloom, the strong wind and drafts harm the callah.
Active watering in open ground begins with the appearance of the first leaves. The peculiarity of callas is that at first they form the underground part, and then they start to build up the top. For the first time, the tuber provides the plant with everything necessary. After each watering, the soil is loosened, they get rid of weeds. Several times during the calla period, water is poured over with vinegar or citric acid (1 tablespoon per 10 liters). This will help maintain the necessary acidity of the soil.
Fertilizers are applied with planting. To do this, use ready min. complexes. On 1 square. m area is enough 30-40 g of matter. Next, feed the plants with liquid nutritional formulations. They do this by watering 2 times a month, alternating organic matter and minerals. Organic additives diluted with water 1:10. This may be a mullein, infusion of vegetable cleansing, tea brewing. In the period of active growth of leaves, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied, with the beginning of flowering - potassium and phosphorus.
Callas need regular watering.
The rest period of tuber callas begins in the fall. Before frosts, the plant is transferred to the room where the final wilting of the top will take place. The green leaves of the callas do not cut, only completely dried. The tuber is deposited in sphagnum moss. Storage temperature not higher than +7 ° C.
Meet the most popular species and varieties of callasCalla – exotic plant, its birthplace is South Africa. In its natural environment, the plant prefers wetlands.
The flower was named Zantedesky in honor of the Italian botanist F. Zantedeschi. Despite the opinion that callas grow well only in greenhouses, the plant is successfully grown at home.
We fight diseases and pests of calla
Due to excessive air dryness, the flower strikes a spider mite. Spray callas more often, if the infection has already occurred, treatment with a host solution will help. soap or specials. drugs acaricidal action (Neoron, Furan).
Aphid and thrips often appear on garden callas in the open ground, destroying young spring sprouts. In addition, insects carry viral diseases. Calla is believed to be a sustainable plant. At the first signs of infection, treatment with special preparations is necessary.
Council Treatment of callas with an infusion of insecticide plants will help get rid of pests.
Calla diseases can also be caused by improper care. For example, the overmoistening of the soil, in this case, wait for root or stem rot, intermittent. Dosage errors during fertilization will cost a lot. Excessive nitrogen content causes bacterial rot. Poor condition will be in plants on poor soils with inappropriate levels of acidity.
How and with what plants do callas combine
Snow-white callas are used in the preparation of the wedding bouquet. The flower will emphasize the femininity and purity of the bride. Callas will retain their fresh look for at least two weeks. Florists combine them with bright roses, with orchid and hydrangea. Often, the bouquet is collected from calles alone, different in color.
Callas look wonderful in bouquets
Since callas are moisture-loving, they can beautify the shore of an artificial reservoir. The main thing is that plants do not grow in the flood zone. On the beds, tall varieties are planted in the center, you can combine them with lilies, lupine, hosts, fern. Low-growing varieties will decorate small flower beds near the house or curb. On the alpine hills low calla are planted on the edge of the lower tier. A variety of colors gives inspiration to create bright colorful compositions as in the photo.
Try planting calla in your garden. This perennial is no more difficult to care for and reproduction than dahlias we are used to. Despite its southern origin, the calla is successfully grown in our latitudes.
Childsian - This is a variety of calla, which has a magnificent snow-white inflorescence, where the orange center contrasts perfectly. The plant is quite compact, but it pleases with abundant and long flowering.
Green goddess - This is an original variety of callas, where it was appropriate to unite in a single inflorescence white with green. The inner part of the flower has a snow-white appearance, but on the outside closer to the base, a green tint flickers, giving the general appearance of callas of incredible beauty. This color combination is highlighted by a bright yellow center.
Pearls - this variety grows well in open ground. It has a white inflorescence on the outside, but inside you can contemplate a slightly greenish base. The peculiarity of this particular brand is not only the captivating aroma, but also the opportunity to stand in a vase for a long time, delighting with its beauty.
Little jam - This is an original variety of callas, since three colors came together in common, which create the unique beauty of the inflorescence. The main part of the flower is white, but inside you can contemplate a mixture of yellow and green. The originality of the flower emphasizes the yellow middle.
Nikolai - This is the best variety for cultivation in the open field, because it can easily reach one and a half meters in height. Foliage and inflorescences have impressive size. Thus, the most familiar white flower that appears on long petioles can easily exceed 12 cm. The color of pointed leaves is rich and dark green.
Vermeer - This variety does not have the usual green leaves, as they are not only with white spots over the entire surface, but also slightly wavy. The inflorescence itself is also not the usual color, because two colors are combined, because along the entire perimeter of the inflorescence there is a bright contrast with the white border with a rich purple color, which is painted the lower part of the flower.
Black eyed beauty - it is really very beautiful and not the usual variety of calla, as the pastel cream inflorescence inside has a very dark spot, which resembles black color. The leaves themselves also have chaotic light spots.
Pearl von Zweibrücken - this is a very beautiful calla, which has a delicate yellow color that is in harmony with the shades of green at the base. The plant itself is of moderate size and easily reaches a meter in height.
Pearl von Stuttgart - This is not a big plant that does not exceed 70 cm, but it has incredible beauty. Inflorescence itself has a yellow tinge, but white inclusions are clearly visible along the perimeter of the foliage.
Chameleon - as well as the famous mammal, can change its color, so you can find not only cream and peach shades, but also variations of gold. Foliage has a green surface on which white spots are abundantly located.
Schöne Zweibrückerin - This is an original variety of calla, which has a rich yellow color that clearly stands out among the others, since the tone is darker. The top of the inflorescences gradually brightens. The plant grows up to a meter in height. Foliage has a fairly light tones of green.
Yellow corner - this variety has the brightest yellow flowers that can compete with all varieties of calla Eliot. The leaves are very unusual emerald shade, the beauty of which emphasize small specks.
Amethyst - This is one of the best varieties of original Calla, as the inflorescences have a very beautiful lilac shade and many of its variations. The foliage is quite large and dense. The color of the leaves is saturated and resembles an emerald. The height of the plant itself can vary, therefore the indicators from 50 to 120 cm are the limits of the norm.
Indian summer - This is one of the brightest grades of callas, since the outwardly inflorescence has a reddish tinge, but if you look at it from a different angle, the color of the pomegranate will clearly be noticeable.
Evening- this is the darkest representative of callas, because the inflorescences have a very dark tone, where black, purple and blue have joined, creating an incredible beauty in unison.
Callas are truly the most beautiful flowers, because a wide range of colors can compete with the most common "inhabitants" on your window or flowerbed.
"Green Goddess"The bud of the low Green Goddess can be immediately overlooked. From the outside, it almost does not differ in color from juicy bright green leaves and stems.
From the inside, the petal-bedspread is painted white, and on the edge, unevenly, in green. In addition, the flower has a short lemon stamen, which is not visible due to the high petal."Pearls" - type of pot callas. Tall plant with light leaves and stems. White flowers are shaded pale green on the outside.
Flowers are long cut and have a delicate aroma. With a great desire and proper care can be grown in open ground.Another snow-white variety of callas - "Little Jam". A flower that does not fully bloom as in a cocoon has a yellow stamen hiding in a spiral-shaped bedspread.
From the inside, at the base, the flower is colored yellow-green, the edge of the petal, which is bent with a peculiar claw, is remarkable.This variety is more suitable for outdoor cultivation. The plant reaches one and a half meters in height. The leaves have a pointed form of dark green saturated color.
Long petioles and large, up to 12.5 cm in diameter, bedspread. The flower itself, like the leaves, is green.
Calla RehmanniiCalla remmann – This is a short-lived type of calla. In height, the plant is no more than 50 cm. The leaves are green, narrow. In winter, the plant sheds leaves. The plant is tuberous, easily grown at home. Most varieties are colored pink.
The selection of callas Rähmann has given life to many species with rich shades. Calla "Evening" with inky-blue or black and purple flowers - a vivid confirmation of this. A bouquet composed of these and snow-white varieties of callas will look extraordinary.
Refined red calla attracts the eye with an uneven shade. The general background of the bedspread is red, but if you look at the flower from a certain angle, you can clearly see the shade of garnet.A short stalk will look organic at home. The small leaves of the plant are spotty green and white. Bright stems are decorated with iridescent peach and cream flowers, and in the bright sun they can be cast in gold.
The appearance of these callas is united by common features: large green leaves with specks and several shades of color, differing from the outer and inner side of the petal.
This type is preferable to propagate by tubers. Calla Elliot loves light and heat, favorably refers to frequent watering, being a moisture-loving calla.Calla "Vermeer" is distinguished by its special elegance due to the unusual coloring of both leaves and bud. On the carved wavy on the edge of the green leaves white spots are scattered randomly.
A sturdy, thick stem crowns a funnel-shaped multi-colored bedspread. At the very stem of a bud of dark lilac color, on the edge of the opened petal is painted with a white broad border.
"Black-eyed beauty"The leaves of the "Black-eyed beauty" are covered with heels of irregular shape. A cover of a gentle cream shade, in the center at a stamen a spot of ink color.
Callas, due to the variety of colors, are very popular in floristics. They look great in compositions with different colors and a separate bouquet. On the plot of land calla can decorate the garden and in pot plantings, and in flowerbeds, and in a variety of decorative ensembles.