General information

Clematis: planting and care in the open field

Clematis - one of the most popular plants of the genus liana.

Both the shape and the variety of sizes and colors amaze with its magnificence.

Flowers are large and very small sizes, luxurious velvety and simple, but elegant.

They are divided into 3 groups: blooming in spring from April to May, blooming in early summer, and blooming in July and later.

There are several species in height: growing less than 1 m - grassy, ​​over 3 m - climbing, vine-growing and their types - up to 10 m. (For varieties of clematis, see here.)

It is for this reason that clematis should be planted properly, since they can live for more than one year in one place.

Rules for growing lion's pharynx at the dacha, read on our website.

You can find out more about home petunia care here.

Clematis planting in springtime

For clematis planting, the most favorable seasons are autumn and spring. Seedlings can take a much worse period of engraftment in the first year, if you delay the planting of a flower.

If you plant clematis in the autumn, then you can be sure that it will take root quite well. Just be aware that by the onset of winter cold the flower should be given a good root. Thus, the topic of timing becomes relevant again.

As soon as the kidneys begin to swell or have not even gone into growth, approximately from April or the beginning of May we can safely carry out the landing of clematis.

For the correct planting of the plant, it is necessary to make wide and sufficiently deep pits for planting - 60 cm each.

It is recommended to make drainage from gravel or broken brick with a thickness of 10-15 centimeters, if there is ground water near.

After the fertile top layer and fertilizers such as: 2-3 handfuls of ash, 50g superphosphate, humus from 5 to 8 kg are added to the planting pit. Add 50g of hydrated lime to acidic soil.

On the soil, which is pre-spread in the form of a mound, clematis roots must be evenly spread.

As one of the options, the mound may be from sand, and at the end of planting the root collar is also filled with sand. Due to such manipulations the rotting of the plant will be prevented.

If the vine is old, the root neck is 10-12 cm deep, if young, then the root neck needs to be deepened by about 5-11 cm.

Thus, not only new shoots will be formed, but also in summer time will serve as protection from overheating, and in winter from freezing.

When planting clematis, it is necessary to adhere to the distance between seedlings of 1-1.5 m. Immediately after the process of transplanting, the plants should be watered abundantly with water, and then mulched.

Learn the features of planting irises and decorate your site with them.

Clematis planting highlights

1. Portability of a transplant is excellent, which allows you to plant them on a simple bed to grow and become stronger, and after a year or two, plant them on permanent places.

2. Clematis sapling before planting is disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

3. After landing, it is imperative to put support and bind clematis (you can temporarily).

The support should be no more than 2 cm in diameter. In general, in the process of growth, the vine will need two or even three times the garter of shoots that have grown.

This is necessary to ensure that the plant does not suffer from diseases and to reduce the risk of mechanical damage.

4. There is an active growth of only one stem in large-leaved species of clematis in the first year of planting. And in that year, when the plant is planted, the top should be pinched, so the side processes begin to grow. The procedure itself nip can be done again.

5. Clematis is very fond of light, but not overheating of the root system. That is why it is very good to plant such flowers as marigolds, peonies, phloxes and others near it.

6. Since the plant-liana is at risk of overheating and overdrying of the soil, in spring, after loosening and first watering, it is necessary to humus with humus in northern places, sawdust in southern areas or peat. And in order to close the shoots at the bottom and to avoid overheating, it will be enough to “knock out” the well.

7. If you plan to plant the plant against the wall, then the best side will be the south-west or south side of the building. The distance for good plant growth should be at least 50 cm from the wall. In no case, water from the roof should not fall on him.

How to care for clematis in springtime

If you grow clematis correctly, you need to remember about frequent and abundant watering for several years after planting.

After three years, it will be enough to water several times a week for 2-3 buckets of water under a bush.

Luxurious and beautiful flowering is the result of proper watering.

To keep the moisture in the right amount, it is necessary to mulch and loosen the ground near clematis. For the mulching procedure you can use rotten sawdust, peat or humus.

During the first year of growth, the plant-vines actively develop the roots and, only about 3 shoots are added.

Therefore, in order to develop many dozen shoots from clematis and obtain a lush shrub with more than one hundred charming flowers, you need to properly and carefully take care of the plant for about 5-6 years. For this flowers, which grow in a single quantity is better to break off.

Then the flowering will be completely different and more prolonged, unlike plants without nipping and pruning.

Read on our website how to grow violet.

Feeding Clematis

Clematis is very sensitive to feeding. Therefore, they need fertilizer preferably once a week. For top dressing use full fertilizer from minerals - for 10 liters of water 30 gr fertilizer, with calculation on the volume of 2 sq.m. soil.

In addition to the mineral supplement, 1 cup of wood ash per one individual plant will be suitable. Mullein (manure) is considered another very good fertilizer.

This dressing is recommended to dilute one part of the fertilizer for ten parts of water.

When the cold comes it is necessary to cover the root system of the plant, but when spring comes, it is not worth hurrying with the opening of clematis.

This precaution is associated with the fact that the vine is afraid of still intermittent frosts and the sun, which shines brightly, which can lead to kidney damage.

As soon as the spring frosts leave, you can safely remove the shelter from the plant.

After feed should be done nitrogen fertilizer. One of the good options would be urea - 10 liters of water 40 grams. If the soil under clematis is acidic, then lime milk of milk in proportion to 1 square meter of soil - 10 liters of water 200 grams of hydrated lime will be the best way to irrigate.

The process of stripping the plants is best done in less sunny, better cloudy weather. It is recommended that even a little shadow be made for clematis to gradually become accustomed to sunlight.

How to grow a beautiful clematis in the country

Clematis is the favorite liana of many gardeners, as it can be used to decorate a gazebo, a house facade or a fence. In order to grow clematis on your own site, you need to know the features of growing and caring for this flower in open ground. With your own hands in the country you can plant clematis and enjoy its multifaceted flowering for a long time.

Growing and caring for clematis

Although clematis is considered to be quite a fastidious plant, you can still try to grow it. For this you need to know a few simple points:

- Clematis loves a well-lit sunny place.

- It does not tolerate the wind, so it needs protection from it.

- When planting clematis along the fence, leave a wall of at least 50 cm.

- When planting near the wall, make sure that water does not flow from the roof onto clematis.

- This flower does not tolerate a highly moist environment.

Time to plant clematis in open ground

Clematis planted in the ground to a permanent place in the spring or autumn. Of course, you can buy seedlings in the summer, but only with a closed root system. Planting clematis in the summer, you should pay more attention to it: shade from the scorching sun, follow the watering mode, preventing the soil from drying out.

In the case when clematis roots are strongly dried, place the seedling in a container with cool water for several hours. If desired, add to the water drug to stimulate rooting.

Choice of place and method of clematis planting

It is advisable to choose a dry place where water will not accumulate in the spring. With the surface location of groundwater, it is necessary to make a drainage layer, approximately 20 cm, using broken bricks and crushed stone for this.

They dig a hole 60 cm deep, fill the bottom with a mixture of compost, humus, garden soil, taken in equal proportions. Sand, 150 g of superphosphate, 400 g of dolomite flour are also placed there. From this ground, inside the pit, they make a mound on which clematis is placed, straightening the roots well. After that, the sapling is covered with soil and spilled well.

After planting clematis, begin to engage in the arrangement of the support, as this flower is a vine. First, the plant needs help, tie it up, having got stronger, it will start clinging to the support itself.

Requirements for soil and fertilizer for clematis creeper

Clematis grows well in light, breathable, fertilized soil. Overheating of the soil has a bad effect on the plant, so it is necessary to mulch the root surface and shade it. For this purpose, annual plants can be planted around clematis; perennials, on the contrary, are not recommended to be planted close to clematis.

Planted seedlings at a distance of not less than 1.5 m from each other, thereby providing the necessary area for growth and adequate nutrition.

Fertilizing plants produce at least once a month during the spring and summer period. Fertilize organic and minerals, alternating them.

An important point: the saplings of the first year of life do not fertilize.

Secrets of the correct care of clematis

Watering

Clematis need timely and sufficient watering. In a particularly hot period, the plant is watered at least 3 times a week, in the evening. The shower is also very useful at this time - irrigation of the foliage of clematis. With insufficient watering, the flowering period is shortened, and the flowers become small.

Preparing for the winter

In the fall, particular attention is paid to pruning plants and preparing them for the winter period. Clematis shelter time is selected based on the climatic characteristics of the region. Some choose the reference point of the rose: closed roses - it's time to cover clematis.

Covering plants is preferable in dry weather, choosing the time to establish frost.

Another important point is to timely remove the shelter from clematis in the spring, not allowing vypryvaniya. Clematis is a fairly cold-resistant flower that successfully tolerates wintering. But after winter, many plants die, being in an uncomfortable environment with high humidity.

Knowing all the nuances of clematis care, you can easily grow a beautiful liana on your own plot.

Clematis planting and care in the open field.

Indeed, to choose from this variety of luxurious colors a variety is quite difficult. One is more beautiful than the other - huge, bright, terry each one simply seeks to outshine the beauty of the others. Each species promises to turn our cottage into a real paradise garden! After all, any variety looks beautiful in and of itself, and in combination with other flowers, especially with roses.


But, since we plan not just to admire the flower, but to grow it, then we need to know the features of caring for it. It is best to buy seedlings in pots, and choosing a variety, we first of all look not at the shape of the flower, but at its group. It will determine how we will cut it, how to cover it for the winter and when to expect flowering from it.

Types of clematis by group and method of pruning:

  • The first group.
    Flowers from liana appear only on last year's shoots. Therefore, if you cut off all the old shoots for the winter or spring, you will never see flowering. Flowers from this group are the most luxurious, fashionable and amazing, but they should definitely be covered for the winter.
  • The second group.
    In these varieties of flowers appear both on last year and on new shoots. But, if the variety is terry, terry flowers appear only on last year's shoots. On young shoots appear only inflorescences of a simple form and with a short break after the first flowers on old shoots.
  • Third group
    Flowers appear only on young shoots. Covering is not necessary - cut almost at the root and all. These types of the most unpretentious - these are ideal varieties for beginners, because Caring for vines is simple and straightforward. And although there are almost no terry species in this group, but, believe me, there is something to choose from.
Sort ERNEST MARKHAM. Group 3, height 2.5 m

Planting clematis - tips for beginning flower growers.

When you solve the problem of how to grow a healthy clematis, remember that he absolutely does not tolerate transplants, so immediately plant them in a permanent place. And at this place it can grow up to 40 years, provided that you have properly prepared the landing pit.

Clematis Comtesse de Bouchaud photo

How to save a seedling before planting.

If you bought your plant in the early spring in a supermarket and you still need to get to the dacha, or it may be too cold to plant, you need to make friends with the plant at home.

Put a pot with a seedling on the sunniest window sill. Now we have to disinfect the soil in the pot, because it is better to be safe here than to hope that it will carry it - you do not want to then cure the diseases of our vine. We use for the soil Fitosporin. And in order to support the very small vine using a spraying solution Epin. And for the roots we buy Biohumus (instructions on the label). We repeat these procedures every ten days.

How to properly plant clematis.

A seedling in a pot can be transplanted into the soil after the night frosts have passed. Before planting, the plant pot should stand on a shady street for a couple of days to adapt.

The main thing to remember is that a hole should be dug under it wide enough and deep - almost the same as for planting an apple tree 60x60x60 cm. If you have close groundwater, do not forget to lay a layer of 10-12 cm gravel or broken bricks at the bottom of the hole Clematis roots do not rot.

Everything depends on how the root system of the plant feels: abundant flowering, the brightness of flowers, the number of new shoots and buds. And if the root system grows well and develops steadily, then everything will be in order. Peat, humus and sod land should definitely be added to the landing pit, glasses of ash must be added. This nutrient mixture in the pit mix and lightly tamp. We plant a seedling in a pit at the same level as it grew in a purchased container - the roots should not be deeply buried.

Clematis Etoile Violette photo

Council If you want to get a bush with lush flowering, then you need to take care of the intensive formation of roots. To do this, in the middle of the pit we make a hole 10 cm below the general level and plant a seedling in it. At the same time, we pour a little sand on the root neck of the creeper to prevent it from being destroyed by putrefactive fungi. During the summer, we gradually pour fertile soil into the hole until it is completely equal to the general level of the landing pit. So we simulate the formation of roots, but with a strong root system and the bush will be healthier and more shoots.

Why clematis does not bloom.

Some varieties of the plant root very well and can bloom in the first year, others need more time to form the root and therefore they will delight us with flowers only in the second or third year.

Where to plant clematis.

Wet marshy soils are completely unsuitable for a plant, therefore we exclude areas where there is stagnant water or water from roof drains for planting. Such places guarantee fungal diseases and death of vines. Also, do not plant vines near large trees - the roots of the plant are large and will begin to compete with the huge roots of the tree.

I want to remind you that the flowers near the vine like a sunny place, and the roots like a shadow. Therefore, it is good to plant low-growing flowers or ornamental grasses next to it. For example, hosts are excellent companions for creepers. Another option is root mulching. Conifer needles, sawdust or straw are excellent as mulch.

Features watering.

When watering try not to water the plant in the center. It is better to make a hole at a distance of 15-30 cm from the stems and pour water into this hole. If you irrigate chaotically in the center of the bush, you will quickly see how your shoots start to wither - this means that the disease has appeared Wilt (wilt) and after that the plant can only be pulled out and burned, disinfecting this place with a solution of copper vitriol. Therefore, it is better not to bring this up.

Varieties and varieties

The clematis family includes more than 380 species of plants, which belong to one of three groups:

  1. Herbaceous perennial vines with completely dying shoots at the end of the growing season. Used to design trellis and arches.
  2. Shrubs where only the upper part of the shoots dies off by winter, the lower one forming a shrub, lives for many years.
  3. Кустарники с крупным одревесневшим стеблем, при выращивании не требующие зимней обрезки.

Прародителями окультуренных сортов считаются дикорастущие виды, показанные на фото. Среди них встречаются вьющиеся и кустовые растения, с мелкими и крупными цветками. Дикие растения не блещут разнообразием окраски, в их семействе превалируют белый, желтый и голубой оттенки. Breeding varieties grown in suburban areas have a richer palette and delight gardeners with all shades of blue, red, purple, pink flowers.

When and how is clematis planted?

For planting clematis use several methods. Plants with a closed root system are planted in the spring, summer and autumn. The best time to disembark in the fall is early October. The main thing is to safely cover them for the winter. For varieties with an open root system, planting time begins in April-May. Here it is important to have time to plant the plant until the buds are swollen on it. If it is planted too late, the life cycles of the plant will move, it will not have time to gain strength by the winter and most likely will die during the winter.

Experienced gardeners, having determined where to plant in the country, immediately set up a decorative trellis. The landing process itself looks like this:

  1. A large hole is dug up, measuring 60x60x60 cm.
  2. At the bottom of the pit lay drainage (expanded clay, gravel, broken bricks) with a height of at least 15 centimeters.
  3. To fill the pit is preparing a special mixture of manure, sand and peat. As a useful additive, about a liter of wood ash and 100 grams of complex fertilizer are poured into the pit.
  4. Having filled half the volume of the pit with the prepared mixture, carefully spread the root system of the seedling onto it and sprinkle it with the remaining soil, closing the root neck.
  5. Saplings with a large root system are lowered to a depth of 12-20 cm, small plants - by 6-12 cm.

Caring for a plant in the country

In the care a lot of attention is paid to proper watering. So, 2-3-year-old plants require abundant watering: 2-3 buckets of water 1-2 times a week. From competent watering depends beauty and splendor bloom. Novice flower growers should remember that in the first 2 years of seedling growth, the root system is actively developing, and the shoots grow slowly.

In order to keep moisture between watering, the ground under the plant must be mulched and loosened. Mulch can consist of peat, rotted sawdust or humus. At the beginning of the third year of growth appear abundant shoots, it is time to trim. Proper pruning and pinching shoots are carried out to regulate the timing of flowering plants. So, when pruning strong shoots on newly grown branches, flowers will appear later, which will prolong the flowering period.

On 2 square. m of soil make a solution of 30 grams of fertilizer and 10 liters of water. Useful for plants and wood ash. Good help growth and flowering fertilizer of mullein, which must be diluted in proportion: 1 part mullein per 10 parts of water.

Clematis reproduction

Reproduction is carried out in several ways: cuttings, layering, dividing an adult plant and seeds. Let us consider in more detail all methods of breeding:

  • The cutting is done in late May - early June. For breeding, cuttings are suitable with a bottom length of 4 cm and upper - 2 cm. It is very important that the cutting has two developed buds and an internode. For successful rooting of cuttings, the air temperature is not lower than 25 degrees Celsius.
  • For cuttings choose the lowest shoot, bend it to the ground and sprinkle. If the layers are made in early June, then in September, new bushes will appear from the internodes. It remains only to cut off the escape from the bush and plant the shoots that have appeared.
  • Bushes of 6-7 years old are suitable for dividing. The process of division looks like this: they dig up a bush and take it apart, trying not to damage the roots. Then it remains only to plant parts of the site.
  • Seeds propagate wild plant varieties. 2 months before the end of April, when the seeds can be sown in open ground, they are poured with water, covered with sand and put in the refrigerator.

Diseases and pests

The main diseases that affect the plant are viral and fungal etiology. Their list includes powdery mildew and rust, treatable, and a yellow mosaic from which the plant dies. "Love" a beautiful flower and pests. Medvedki, moles and nematodes attack the root system. The leaves become food for aphids, scythos, mealyworm and spider mites. Young shoots suffer from slugs and snails.

Dear reader! Your comments, suggestions or feedback will serve as an award to the author of the material. Here you can see a special selection of videos with announcements about clematis care.

Which clematis to choose: Tips for beginning gardeners.

Indeed, it is quite difficult to choose your clematis from this variety of luxurious flowers. One more beautiful than the other - huge, bright, terry each type of clematis just strive to overshadow the beauty of the others. Each type of clematis promises to turn our cottage into a real garden of paradise! After all, any clematis looks beautiful in and of itself, and in combination with other flowers, especially with roses.


But, since we plan not just to admire clematis, but to grow it, then we need to know the particularities of caring for it. It is best to buy seedlings in pots, and choosing a variety, we first of all look not at the color of clematis, but at its group. It will determine how we will cut it, how to cover it for the winter and when to expect flowers from it.

How practical to grow clematis. Clematis groups by pruning method:

  • The first group of clematis.
    Flowers from liana appear only on last year's shoots. Therefore, if you cut off all the old shoots for the winter or spring, then you will never see flowers. Clematis from this group are the most luxurious, fashionable and amazing, but they should definitely be covered for the winter.
  • The second group of clematis.
    In these varieties of flowers appear both on last year and on new shoots. But, if the variety is terry, terry flowers appear only on last year's shoots. On young shoots appear only inflorescences of a simple form and with a short break after the first flowers on old shoots.
  • The third group of clematis.
    Flowers appear only on young shoots. Covering is not necessary - cut almost at the root and all. These clematis most unpretentious. - these are ideal varieties for beginners, because Caring for vines is simple and straightforward. And although there is almost no terry clematis in this group, but believe me, there is plenty to choose from.

Clematis ERNEST MARKHAM. Group 3, height 2.5 m

How to plant clematis.

When you solve the problem of how to grow a healthy clematis, remember that he absolutely does not tolerate transplants, so immediately plant them in a permanent place. And at this place it can grow up to 40 years, provided that you have properly prepared the landing pit.

Clematis Comtesse de Bouchaud

How to keep a clematis seedling before planting.

If you bought your plant in the early spring in a supermarket and you still need to get to the dacha, or it may be too cold for planting, you need to make friends with clematis still at home.

Put a pot with a seedling on the sunniest window sill. Now we have to disinfect the soil in the pot, because it is better to be safe here than to hope that it will carry it - you do not want to then cure clematis. We use for the soil Fitosporin. And in order to support the very small vine using a spraying solution Epin. And for the roots we buy Biohumus (instructions on the label). We repeat these procedures every ten days.

When to plant clematis.

Clematis in a pot can be transplanted into the soil after the night frosts have passed. Before planting, the plant pot should stand on a shady street for a couple of days to adapt.

The main thing to remember is that a hole should be dug under it wide enough and deep - almost the same as for planting an apple tree 60x60x60 cm. If you have close groundwater, do not forget to lay a layer of 10-12 cm gravel or broken bricks at the bottom of the hole Clematis roots do not rot.

Everything depends on how the root system of the plant feels: abundant flowering, the brightness of flowers, the number of new shoots and buds. And if the root system grows well and develops steadily, then everything will be in order. Peat, humus and sod land should definitely be added to the landing pit, glasses of ash must be added. This nutrient mixture in the pit mix and lightly tamp. Clematis is planted in a pit at the same level as it grew in the purchased container - clematis cannot be buried.

Clematis Etoile Violette

Council If you want to get a lush clematis bush, then you need to take care of the intensive formation of roots. To do this, in the middle of the pit we make the hole 10 cm below the general level and plant clematis in it. At the same time, we pour a little sand on the root neck of the creeper to prevent it from being destroyed by putrefactive fungi. During the summer, we gradually pour fertile soil into the hole until it is completely equal to the general level of the landing pit. So we simulate the formation of roots, but with a strong root system and the bush will be healthier and more shoots.

We grow clematis: irrigation features.

When watering clematis try not to water it in the center of the bush. It is better to make a hole at a distance of 15-30 cm from the stems and pour water into this hole. If you irrigate chaotically in the center of the bush, you will quickly see how your shoots start to wither - this means that the disease has appeared Wilt (wilt) and after that the plant can only be pulled out and burned, disinfecting this place with a solution of copper vitriol. Therefore, it is better not to bring this up.

Than to feed clematis.

Clematis Hania. Large flower, bright, abundant bloom.

Clematis for the season throws a large mass of flowers, so without serious feeding bush can not do. Once every 10 days, clematis must be maintained with fertilizers that promote lush flowering. This Agricola for flowering plants, Agricola Fantasy, Grow-Up, Effecton for flowering plants.

Autumn necessarily feed clematis in the winter: 1 tbsp. spoon of superphosphate and 1 tbsp. spoon of potassium sulfate 10 liters of water - move carefully. Water one bucket of this solution with one adult plant, then next spring clematis comes to life early, blooms faster and will delight you until autumn.

What do clematis love for lush flowering: the tricks of experienced gardeners.

To grow a beautiful clematis, one must be aware that they are true gluttons, they should not be fed, but be fed regularly and abundantly!

  • When to feed clematis. Fertilize liana every 10 days with small amounts of fertilizer, always in liquid form. We begin feeding in May, when the growth of shoots begins.
  • What to feed:
    • 1 tbsp. spoon of ammonium nitrate in 10 liters of water or
    • cow dung at a ratio of 1:10, or
    • bird droppings at a ratio of 1:15 or
    • 2 spoons of vermicompost per 10 liters of water.
      Use one bucket of solution on the bush.
  • How to fertilize. Alternate mineral fertilizers with organic. When the buds appear to give both organic and mineral fertilizers.
  • We protect from pests. If the soil is acidic, to prevent clematis wilt disease (wilt), it is necessary to deoxidize it with lime milk 200 g of lime in 10 liters of water. Ash is also suitable for these purposes.
  • Strengthen clematis. These garden vines adore growth stimulants - therefore spray them with Appin extra once every 10 days. This protects clematis from stress, helps them to successfully survive the spring frosts and makes shoots more active.

    How to multiply clematis cuttings and shoots.

    There are three ways: cuttings, processes and division of the bush.

    Clematis Hagley Hubrid

    Reproduction by cuttings. We prepare cuttings at the moment of bud formation, put them in Kornevin’s solution and plant them in loose soil when roots appear. Keep in mind that the average percentage of root rooting ranges from 10 to 60% - depending on the variety.

    The process of propagation by shoots gives a greater percentage of rooting. Part of the vine branches, falling to the ground, begins the formation of roots. If at this time, without cutting off the branch from the branch, place it in the soil in a peat pot, then in a month, you will be able to separate the healthy rooted seedling from the main bush. It is important to water the seedling plentifully in a pot.

    The division of the bush suggests that you break the old bush with a shovel into several parts and plant each part into a new place.

    Tricks experienced florist for lush flowering.

    To grow a beautiful clematis, one must be aware that they are true gluttons, they should not be fed, but be fed regularly and abundantly!

    1. When to feed clematis. Fertilize liana every 10 days with small amounts of fertilizer, always in liquid form. We begin feeding in May, when the growth of shoots begins.
    2. What to feed:
      • 1 tbsp. spoon of ammonium nitrate in 10 liters of water or
      • cow dung at a ratio of 1:10, or
      • bird droppings at a ratio of 1:15 or
      • 2 spoons of vermicompost per 10 liters of water.
        Use one bucket of solution on the bush.
    3. How to fertilize. Alternate mineral fertilizers with organic. When the buds appear to give both organic and mineral fertilizers.
    4. We protect from pests. If the soil is acidic, to prevent wilt disease (wilt), it is necessary to deoxidize it with lime milk 200 g of lime to 10 liters of water. Ash is also suitable for these purposes.
    5. We strengthen the plant. These garden vines adore growth stimulants - therefore spray them with Appin extra once every 10 days. It protects them from stress, helps them to successfully survive the spring frosts and makes shoots more active.

    How to multiply clematis cuttings and processes.

    There are three ways: cuttings, processes and division of the bush.

    Clematis Hagley Hubrid Photo

    Reproduction by cuttings. We prepare cuttings at the moment of bud formation, put them in Kornevin’s solution and plant them in loose soil when roots appear. Keep in mind that the average percentage of root rooting ranges from 10 to 60% - depending on the variety.

    Sprout breeding method gives a higher percentage of rooting. Part of the vine branches, falling to the ground, begins the formation of roots. If at this time, without cutting off the branch from the branch, place it in the soil in a peat pot, then in a month, you will be able to separate the healthy rooted seedling from the main bush. It is important to water the seedling plentifully in a pot.

    Dividing bush suggests that you break an old bush with a shovel into several parts and plant each part in a new place.

    How to cut clematis correctly so that there are more colors.

    Liana necessarily need support, and, the grid cells should be large enough - up to 15 cm, then it is easy to remove the vine from them, cut off and cover for the winter.

    Clematis Blue Angel photo

    If the plant is your first year, in the fall it is cut almost completely - leaving one bud above the ground. So we stimulate the bush to form new roots and shoots. All subsequent years with the help of the correct pruning we continue to shape and strengthen it.

    How to cut the clematis of the first groupthat form flowers only on last year’s branches: in the fall we remove the liana from the support, if the bush is thickened we cut off part of the shoots to the roots, also cut weak thin shoots, and cut all other shoots to a height of 1 to 1.5 m.

    How to cut the clematis of the second groupthat form flowers on both last year’s and new shoots: in the summer after flowering, the old shoots cut off the flowering part, in the fall cut thick and weak shoots, cut the remaining shoots at a height of 1-1.5 m, then shorten part of the shoots by another half and we cut off a part quite shortly - this is how we form a lush bush for the next year.

    How to cut the clematis of the third groupwhere our flowers will be only on young shoots consists in pruning the shoots almost completely - up to the first bud.

    If you bought a new seedling of an unknown group, cut for it as for the second group, and so you can determine the group of your vine.

    Do I need clematis to cover for the winter.

    In order to prevent the freezing of the lower bud and roots, these vines should be covered from frost. Therefore, before sheltering the shoots, we remove all the leaves from them to eliminate rotting. Then remove the mulch at the base of the bush and fill the neck of the vine with compost or peat. After this, lay the stems in a circle with a ring, fasten the stems to the ground with thick wire clips, cover the top with mulch and cover with waterproof material, leaving holes for ventilation. In early spring, freeing the shoots and tying up to the support.

    With all its beauty, clematis frighten some summer residents of the difficulties of cultivation and care. But, if you take care of this amazing and liana correctly, then you will be able to grow wonderful and luxurious flowers in the country, which look especially beautiful together with climbing roses.

    Choosing a landing site

    Clematis flowers in planting in open ground require the right choice of place, because in another case they will be difficult to achieve bright flowering. It is important to adhere to the following rules:

      Clematis stems and flowers are very fond of sunlight, so you should not plant them on the north side of the house. However, their root system does not like high temperatures.

    In this connection, it is recommended to plant other flowers near Clematis, which would give shade to their roots and prevent the soil from heating up strongly on hot days.

    Clematis is a weaving flower whose vines cling to objects that are convenient for them during growth. If the plant is planted in an open area, blown by the winds, it will not be able to hold onto a support. Dangerous wind for flowers that will instantly fly around.

    Клематис привыращивании и уходе важно оградить от воды, так как при ее излишке корневая система цветка может начать подгнивать. По этой причине старайтесь, чтобы на его корни не лилась вода со сточной трубы, и отсаживайте цветок примерно на 50 см от стен строений. Если на вашем участке слишком высокий уровень грунтовых вод, вокруг цветника с клематисами необходимо выкопать траншеи, в которые будет отступать излишек влаги.

    Посадка клематиса: когда и как сажать цветок

    There are several ways to plant clematis. If it is necessary to propagate flower seedlings with a closed root system, then clematis planting will be possible both in summer, and in spring, and in autumn. If you purchased a sapling, but it is too cold outside for planting in open ground, the plant can be put on a window sill in an apartment or in a greenhouse where it grows up.

    Having decided on the place of landing, you can immediately install a support for weaving lianas, especially if you work in spring or summer. After that, you need to do the preparation of the hole for the flower.

      Dig a hole for planting a large - 60x60x60 cm. If you plant several plants - it will be easier to prepare a trench.

    For drainage at the bottom of the pit, lay no more than 15 cm of gravel, expanded clay or broken bricks.

  • Take care of the preparation of the soil, which will need to fall asleep in a hole. Clematis better take root in nutrient and breathable soils, so mix in equal proportions the ground from the dug hole, sand, manure and peat. Additionally, pour about a liter of wood ash and 100 g of complex fertilizer for garden flowers into a hole.
  • After preparing the soil, put half of it in a hole and plant a flower. It is especially convenient to do this if the earth is poured in the form of a hill on top of which it will be possible to plant a sapling and straighten its root system. After this, the pit is completely covered with earth, not forgetting to sprinkle the root collar to prevent its rotting.

    The size of the cutting will determine how deeply you will embed it in the soil. If the cutting is very large and has grown quite strongly, then it should be lowered by 12-20 cm, whereas small cuttings should be lowered by 6-12 cm.

    This will contribute to the growth of a strong root system and stem, as well as protect the roots from freezing in winter. When planting plants in a row between the bushes is to leave a space of 1-1.5 meters.

    How to care for clematis

    In caring for clematis, the age of the plant plays an important role. Caring for a young flower, it is necessary to cut off almost all of its buds. This is done to ensure that the entire life force of the plant goes not to bloom, but to form the root system and the stem. Also on a young plant, it is important to pinch all the shoots, which will contribute to the formation of a larger number of them. Do not forget to tie up all the resulting vines to clematis bush was even more beautiful.

    How to water clematis

    Clematis do not like the abundance of moisture, so they should be watered moderately. Young plants - once a week, but when the weather is dry, watering is worth up to once every 5 days. Adult plants need watering no more than 1 time in 10 days.

    If you have doubts about whether to water the flower, check the soil moisture. When it is dry, even at a depth of 30 cm, immediate hydration is required. During watering, it is important to ensure the penetration of moisture directly to the roots of the plant, which at 5 years of age can go to a depth of one meter. To do this, it is recommended to dig 4 flower pots from four sides of clematis into which it will be necessary to pour water. Over time, it will sink to the roots.

    Loosening and mulching the soil

    In addition to moisture, clematis also requires a constant flow of air, for which it is important to regularly loosen the soil. Do this with every watering and after the rain. But loosening the soil around young flowers should be done very carefully, lifting only the top 2 cm.

    Very well reflected in the growth of clematis mulching, which is often used instead of watering and loosening the soil. As mulch for these flowers, it is recommended to use rotted manure, which can be covered on top with a layer of peat. It is especially important to use mulch in winter, then it can also protect the roots from freezing.

    Clematis fertilizer

    Clematis fertilizer is always required, especially during flowering. The larger the flowers of the plant, the more often it will be necessary to add additional fertilizers to the ground around it - about once every 2 months. If the flowers are small - it will be enough and 2 - 3 dressings per season. Depending on the age and size of the bush, it will need about 10 liters of nutrient solution.

    The lack of many elements in the soil can be identified by the state of clematis:

      when the shoots of the plant become short, and the leaves are smaller, they turn yellow or red, the flowers become shallow and lose their brightness - the plant suffers from a lack of nitrogen. To make this substance rationally in spring, when shoots start growing. Nitrogen plant can be obtained from fertilizer slurry (diluted with water 1:10), bird droppings (1:15), nitroammofoskoy (20 g per 10 l), regularly alternating these substances,

    brown leaves with a violet tint indicate a lack of phosphorus, which can also lead to poor root development, it is recommended to make phosphorus in preparing the soil for planting, introducing bone meal (not more than 200 g per 1 square meter), during plant growth, every September, phosphorus can be applied as a superphosphate fertilizer (20 g per 10 l of water),

  • when the peduncles and buds turn black, then most likely the land in which the clematis is planted suffers from a lack of potassium. To prevent this, feed the flower with potassium nitrate every spring and in August with potassium sulfate, in each case making a solution of 20-30 g of the substance per 10 liters of water.
  • Rules for feeding plants

    When caring for the plant is very important to feed it in a timely manner. After all, an excess of minerals in the soil can also destroy the flower. Therefore, To obtain long vines and beautiful flowers follow the following rules:

    1. Since you have made a lot of fertilizers when planting a flower, the next feeding can be done in 2-3 years.
    2. Constantly alternate mineral fertilizers with organic. The latter can be applied to the soil only in a state diluted with water.
    3. Foliar nutrition will also not be superfluous. Use for this urea (3 g per liter of water). In the summer, spray the leaves with a solution of potassium permanganate (boric acid can also be added). 10-15 liters is enough 2 drops of the substance.
    4. In winter, the bushes are fertilized only with wood ash.

    Flowers on the shoots of both the past and the current year

    Pruning of such bushes is carried out twice a year. The first time is required in the middle of summer, when last year's shoots fade away, and the second - before autumn, when fresh shoots fade. At a very thick end last year's shoots can be cut to the ground.

    How to cover clematis for the winter

    Often, clematis does not require a strong cover, but still you can not do without it. As a shelter, you can use mulch, as well as pour fallen leaves over the bushes.

    Shrubs, flowering on last year's shoots, require more careful shelter. For them, you can use fir branches. But those varieties of clematis that bloom on the current shoots for the winter, it is important to cut at a height of 10 cm, and to the same level you can fall asleep with sand, additionally also covering with a 20-centimeter layer of peat or sawdust. You can put a film on top of the bush, only in spring it will need to be removed in time so that the plant does not cross over.