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Balsam Waller

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Ang pinaka-karaniwang uri sa amin ay Waller's balsam (Impatiens walleriana).

Ito ay namumulaklak mula Hunyo hanggang sa unang hamog na yelo, na may bilang ng mga buds na lumalaki bawat buwan.

Dagdag pa, ang planta ay napakarami sa lilim at, ayon dito, ay nabibilang sa mga bihirang uri ng hayop na madaling pinagkadalubhasaan sa madilim na sulok ng hardin.

Bagong guinea balsam

At sa isang mahusay na kumpanya! Ang "purebred gentleman" ay may karapat-dapat na kasosyo - New Guinea Balsam (Impatiens neuguinea) na may mas malaking bulaklak.

Parehong species ay perennials, ngunit sa aming mga latitude sa open field sila ay lumago bilang letniki. Kung nais mong humanga ang kagandahan na ito sa loob ng higit sa isang panahon, "tumira" sa kanya sa isang palangok at lumago bilang isang houseplant (para sa tag-init na maaari mong kunin sa hardin).

Ang mga balsam ay nakakapag-isip, dahil ang pagpili ng pangunahing at tanging paboritong kabilang sa malaking uri ay napakahirap.

May mga iba't-ibang puti, kulay-ube, kulay-rosas, kulay-dalandan, pula at kahit dalawang kulay na bulaklak, na maaaring maging simple, semi-terry at terry.

Para sa ilan, naiiba rin sila sa madilim na dahon. Kahanga-hanga? Ngunit hindi iyan lahat: ang parehong mga varieties ay nahahati sa solid na iba't, na pinagsama sa pamamagitan ng hugis, kulay at terry ng mga bulaklak, pati na rin ang antas ng pagkasukat ng bush at ang taas ng halaman.

Sa maliwanag na mga bulaklak ng balsam ay magkakasama geykhera at mga ornamental grasses tulad ng sedges. Isang kahanga-hangang bulaklak duet na mayo mod ito ay gagawing begonia at pusiya.

Impatiens: ang tamang pagpili ng mga halaman at pangangalaga

Kapag bumibili, pumili ng mga makapangyarihang halaman na may malusog na dahon at kamakailan ay namumulaklak ang unang bulaklak.

Kung tungkol sa pag-aalaga, ang balsamo ay medyo hindi kaakit-akit. Ang isang perpektong lugar para sa kanya ay isang lugar na protektado mula sa hangin sa openwork kalahating lilim. Sa masyadong madilim na sulok balsam blooms mas masol pa.

Patuloy na basain ang lupa: ang pagpapatuyo ay mapanganib din para sa halaman bilang pag-aalis ng kahalumigmigan!

Ang Novogvinei balsam ay tumutugon lalo na sa sensitibo sa mataas na nilala naky sainta kapak, kaya kapag nagmamalasakit nito nagbigay ngma mga long-acting fertilizer

Para sa Walser's balsam, sapat na i-deposito ang mga ito isang beses sa 14 araw.

Sa tuktok ng larawan:

1. Balsam Waller. Ang isang di-pangkaraniwang bagong bagay sa pagpili ay ang balsam ni Waller na "Costa Rica" na may mga bulaklak na orchid ng salmon-orange shade.

2. Makukulay na mga paputok sa isang maaraw na lugar: ang balsamo ng iba't ibanga sale ng bagong guinean na na palumpong hanggang sa 1 m.

Balsamine - palamuti sa bahay at hardin

Sa aking koleksyon, maramdamin, isang espesyal na lugar ang ginagawa ng mga varieties of hybrids ng mga balsams ng Waller at Novogvinei - berd at sari-sari, spray at ampelous.

Ang Balsamine Waller Na Maya Simpleng Bulaklak ay Namumulaklak Nang Sagana Na Halos Walang Mga Dahon Ang Nakikita. Terry mga form, mapagbigay sa kanila sa dami, bumuo ng mga bulaklak ng hindi pangkaraniwang kagandahan: malaking gustomahrovye "rosas". Ang mga bagong guwapo ng ay nakamit ang parehong may masaganang pamumulaklak talaks na laki - hanggang sa 9 cm!

Ang Waller Balsams Na Mala Simpleng Bulaklak ay Madaling Lumago Mula Sa Mga Buto. Naghahain ako ng maluwag sa lupa naglagay ng mga pananim sa isang greenhouse. Lumitaw ang mga shoot sa araw na 3-4. Matapos ang pag-unlad ng unang pares ng mga tunay na dahon, ang shelter ay dahan-dahan na inalis. Lumaki ang mga halaman na sumisid. Sa buwan ng 3-4, ang mga seedlings ay namumulaklak. Magaling din ang mga varieties at mga pinagputulan.

Angry terry hybrids ay maaari ring lumago mula sa buto, ngunit sa kasong ito ay hindi posible na makakuha ng makapal na double "rosas" sa kasong ito. Ang ganitong mga halaman ay dapat na propagated sa pamamagitan ng vegetative pinagputulan. Ang proseso ay hindi kukuha ng maraming oras: pinutol ko ang maliit na sanga, inilagay ito sa tubig at, pagkatapos na hinintay ang mga ugat, itanim ito sa lupa. Maaari mong agad na ilagay ang tangkay sa lupa, ngunit pagkatapos ay kailangan mo ng isang greenhouse. Ang mga ugat ay lilitaw nang mabilis - sa loob ng ilang araw.

Mas mainam na magtanim ng mga pinagputulan sa mga disposable cup (100 ml) at unti-unting dagdagan ang kapasidad sa paglago ng root system.

Ang mga bagong vari ng guinean ay maaari ding lumago mula sa mga buto, ngunit sila ay umusbonga at lumalaki nang mas mabagal kaysa sa mga balsam ni Waller, at sa una ay sensitibo sa patubig at kahalumigmigan ng hangin. Samakatuwid, mas gusto kong palaganapin ang mga halaman sa pamamagitan ng mga pinagputulan, tulad ng inilarawan sa itaas.

TUNGKOL SA PAGSUBAY AT PAGBABAGO

Lush bushes bumubuo nip ang pangunahing stem, at pagkatapos ay ang lateral shoots.

Ang lupa ay pumili ng katamtamang acid, maluwag at katamtamang nakapagpapalusog. Green mass aytibong lumalaki sa masyadong masustansiya lupa, ngunit pamumulaklak ay kakaunti.

Ginagamit ko ito madalas, lalo na sa tag-init, ngunit walang waterlogging, kung hindi man ang mga ugat ay maaaring mabulok. Ibuhos ang tubig nang sa gayon ay nagsisimula itong dumaloy sa kawali, umalis para sa 30-60 minuto, alisan ng laman ang natitira. O ibubuhos ko ang tubig sa palanggana at ilagay ang palayok dito sa loob ng ilang oras - sa panahong ito ang lupa sa pamamagitan ng mga butas ng paagusan ay sasampot sa kinakailangang dami ng kahalumigmigan.

SA SUMMER - SA GARDEN

Sa tag-araw ay kukunin ko ang mga halaman sa labas at iwanan ang mga ito sa hilaga (maliban sa New Guinea Balsams, magkakaroon ng maliit na ilaw doon), sa silangan o sa kanlurang panig ng bahay, mula sa timog - imposible, ya sa sunugin ng araw ang mga dahon.

Nakatanim sa bukas na lupa, at sa mga kaldero. Para sa pest prophylaxis, tin katang ko ang Iskra at Fitoverm isang beses bangat linggo ng 2, alternating drugs, balsams ay inaatake ng thrips, spider mites, aphids.

LIGHT WINTER

Sa taglagas hindi ako kumukuha ng mga malalaking palumpong sa bahay, dahil hin panga nakakaangkop sa mga bagong kundisyon, posibleng magdala ng mga peste sa bahay (isang malaking bush ay mahirap i-proseso) Sa halip, rooting sa mga pinagputulan ng 1 -2 ng bawat iba't, na ginagamot mula sa mga peste. Naglulupig ang mga ito sa silangan at timog na mga window-sills.

Ang mga Westerners ay gagawin, at sa hilagang daigdig ay maaaring hindi ito sapat, kung saan ang mga ilaw ay makakatulong. Sa taglamig, spray ko ang balsamines araw-araw (dry air sa bahay). Spring sila matugunan na malaki bushes.

BULAK NA MENU

Nagpapakain ako ng mga halaman na may pataba ng Planton K para sa mga namumulaklak na species: mula Marso hanggang Nobyembre - minsan sa 10 na araw, sa taglamig - minsan sa isang buwan. Ipinaproseso ko rin ang zircon biostimulator o HEM 01 bi-stimulator isang beses sa isang buwan.

Kung susundin mo ang mga simpleng alituntuning ito, ang mga balsamines ay magpapasalamat para sa masaganang pamumulaklak mula sa tagsibol hanggang taglagas at paminsan-minsan ay galak, kahit na hindi ito sagana, namumulaklak sa taglam.

Root system

It has powerful root system. In the pot it is tightly tangled and with a lack of space it grows into drainage holes.

The plant has a succulent stem, well branched, but rather fragile. It grows up to 60 cm.


The leaves are broad oval-shaped, the tip is pointed. They grow 10–12 cm long, 5–7 cm wide and have a light or dark green color, sometimes they are found with a reddish tinge.

Inflorescences appear early. Flowering lasts almost the entire year. Flowers bloom large in diameter they reach 5 cm.

The colors are various - white, red, pink, purple, orange. There are two-color and with a spot in the center, as well as simple and terry.

Flowers can be single or gathered in inflorescences. The pedicle is long, raised above the leaves. In place of the flower, fruit is formed. He is an oblong box with five leaves, in which more than one thousand seeds ripen.

Care for Waller's Balsam

The light is quite demanding for care. Therefore, to obtain a flowering bush, you must adhere to the rules of care.

Before planting, you need to take into account the preferences of Impatiens. First of all, the place is chosen. He loves sunshine, so the place must be sunny. June is the best month for landing.

For planting need a light, loose and nutritious soil. Soil acidity must be within 5.8-6.2 pH. In the flower shop you can buy ready-made soil for flowering plants. For self-preparation of the earth mixture mix leaf and peat land, humus and sand in a proportion of 2: 1: 1: 1.

To avoid stagnation of moisture in the pot, it is imperative to use drainage. To do this, pour a layer of expanded clay at the bottom not less than 5 cm

Can be planted in open ground. Also with the onset of warm summer days, you can make pots on the balcony or in the garden.


He quickly becomes accustomed to a new place of growth, can be planted even being flowering. Before the onset of frost, you need to transplant a bush from the soil into the pot.

For oxygen supply to the root system, regularly loosen the top layer of the soil.

When choosing a pot is worth considering that he should not be too big. In order to achieve abundant flowering is used cramped pot. To give a magnificent view in one container, several specimens are planted.

Transplanted as needed, with the germination of the roots in the drainage holes. The most suitable months for this procedure are April or May. But as the Spark quickly loses its decorative appearance, it has to be updated. every 2-3 years. And if the root system feels comfortable, then transplantation is not required.

For irrigation, it is recommended to use soft distilled water. When using water from the tap for a long time, the alkali content in the soil increases.

Water when drying top layer of soil. Pour water carefully so that it does not fall on the stem or leaves. This can cause trunk rot.

Thermal mode


It is a heat-loving plant, quietly tolerating temperature is 25-26 degrees. At this temperature, provide spraying and access of fresh air, while staying on the balcony - shading.

During the winter months the minimum temperature is 10-12 degrees.

Light mode

Waller needs bright sunshine. But at the same time he does not like to hit direct sunlight, which can cause burns of the leaves. With enough light will bloom almost the entire year, and with a lack of - will stop, it will lose its appeal.

If the plant was planted in the garden, then it is carefully dug and planted in a pot. When the first frost occurs, the delicate leaves will turn black and fall off. Therefore it is necessary to take care of your flower in advance. Also in the room are entered pots that were on the balcony.

After the flower was brought into the house and provided him with comfortable conditions of maintenance, he will continue flowering. The rest period is short - during January and February. At this time it is necessary to maintain indoors. temperature 12-15 degrees.

Breeding methods

There are two ways of breeding - seeds and grafting. In the spring or summer months it is convenient to use cuttings. For this purpose, the stems of about 10 cm are cut with a sharp knife. They are rooted in containers with water or wet sand. The roots appear within 14-17 days, after which the cuttings are transplanted into a permanent container. 2 months after planting the young seedling blooms.

Growing Balsam Waller seed


Seeds are planted in March. Land for sowing requires light. For self-preparation, peat, garden soil, vermiculite and coarse sand are mixed in equal proportions.

You can buy an earthen mixture for seedlings, but be sure to add 1/5 of the sand to it. This will make the soil lighter and more breathable.

Pour the prepared soil into the seedling box and moisten it with a spray bottle. Spread out on the surface seeds 2-3 cm apart. Seeds a little bit pressed to the soil.

Cover the seedling box with plastic wrap and place in a warm and bright place. Maintain room temperature about 20 degrees. Periodically lift the film to ventilate the seeds. If necessary, spray the ground with warm water.

The first shoots will appear in 10-14 days. After the appearance of two leaves, young plants are picked in separate pots that do not exceed 10 cm in diameter. After the appearance of the 7 leaves, the pinching is made. The plant will be more lush.

In May, it is already possible to take out pots for a short time on an open balcony or in a garden. After such manipulations, the seedlings will be hardened. And if necessary, seedlings can be planted in the garden, in open ground.

Does the flower need pruning?

Trimming is done in the spring, after transplantation. Long stalks shorten and pinch the tops. This stimulates the emergence of lateral shoots.

Cut the shoots can be used for reproduction. Also dried twigs and leaves are removed.

The flowering period is long - all summer and autumn. Under favorable conditions, flowering will continue until January.

The rest period lasts from December to February. During this period, to provide a thermal regime of about 15 degrees, as well as to limit watering.

Fertilizer / feeding


Feeding up the soil in spring and summer months every 14 days. To do this, in the flower shop purchased complex fertilizer for flowering plants. In order not to over-saturate the soil, it is advisable to use 1/2 of the dosage indicated in the instructions.

Diseases and pests

High temperature and low air humidity are the cause of the cessation of flowering and wilting of the leaves.

Waterlogging causes root rot. Regular water ingress on the stem causes it to rot.

The reason for the fall of flowers can be dry air in the room.

Lack of light reflected on the color of the leaves. Shoots are drawn and lose their decorative appearance.

The plant is also affected by pests. The most common spider mite, aphid and whitefly. At defeat by wreckers there is a withering of leaves, falling off of flowers and the full cessation of flowering. To control pests use insecticidal solutions.

Methods of struggle and prevention

To prevent diseases you need follow the rules of care. It is time to water, spray and feed the plant. Also adhere to the temperature and light conditions.

For pest control use insecticidal solutions. Often, the appearance of pests occurs precisely because of non-compliance with the rules of care.

Balsam Waller with proper care almost all year round will delight violent flowering. Due to the color variety, your window sill, balcony or garden will always look bright and fresh.

Next you will see a photo of the Balsam Ouller Waller:

Botanical description

Houseplant balsam Waller (or, as it is sometimes called, Waller) refers to the herbaceous perennials, and in the garden it is grown as an annual. Leaflets are simple, glands are located at the base. Flowers actinomorphic, can grow alone or in inflorescences. Five fruit stalks, often in any color. One of the receptacles elongated into the corolla. Petals grow freely from each other or grow together in pairs. One unpaired petal is located opposite the spur. Filaments unite and form a cap, which disappears during maturation. This ensures cross spraying.

5 carpels form a gynecian with a short column with stigmas in the amount of from one to five. The fruit is a rather juicy box, which tends to open suddenly with the help of five twisted flaps.

Appearance

Balsam differs fleshy thick stems. The leaves may be solid or dentate along the edges, usually oval. Their color is of all shades of green and even purple-bronze. Depending on the type of flower, the leaves can be 9-12 cm long. The flower fruits represent the whole range of colors: from simple white to the most diverse two-color.

Below you can find a photo of flowers balsam Waller.





Care rules in indoor and outdoor conditions

An attractive but capricious plant requires special attention:

  • Remember that a balsam does not tolerate direct sunlight, but it requires at least 3-5 hours a day of good lighting.
  • If during the warm season you decide to bring the flower to the open air, make sure that it does not fall precipitation.
  • Do not allow hypothermia.
  • In spring and early autumn, watering should be abundant and regular, in the summer it can even become daily. In winter, the frequency of irrigation needs to be adjusted by ourselves: so that the soil is not dry, but so that the water does not stagnate in the pan.
  • The leaves of this plant will be grateful to you for spraying (but this can be done only at temperatures above 20 degrees), otherwise they can repay you with a banal shedding.
  • From May to September balsam requires fertilizer once every two weeks.
  • If you bought a flower in a store, immediately transplant it into a smaller pot. This will give impetus to bloom.
  • Do not forget to also get rid of faded buds - they interfere with the growth of new ones.
  • Before frosts, cover balsam bushes, and with a new warming open again.
  • If your flowers are planted in pots, just put them in a corridor or veranda.
  • The best breeding method is cutting.
  • Collect the seeds of "impatient" plants should be after the yellowing of the box itself. Carry out this procedure should be very carefully, because at this time the seeds are very "vulnerable".

Possible cultivation difficulties

Balsam - a plant difficult, in the period of growing it may be some problems. We will tell you how to deal with the arising difficulties.

    With a shortage of nutrients in the ground, or when the pot becomes too small or in poor light, the stems become too long, and the flowers, on the contrary, shrink and lose their brightness.

To all this, balsam has the property of rapid "wear" (the stems become bare, as a result of which the visual attractiveness is lost). All because of too high air temperature (more than 22 degrees Celsius).

The leaves begin to dry and curl - check the air temperature. Surely, it is too high, and the air itself is dry. This can happen in winter if the flower pot stands near the heaters, or in summer in dry weather.

The best solution to this problem is to put the plant in a cool place on the floor and spray the leaves for periods of time. Recently, bright leaves began to lose their saturation - most likely, the flower is on the north side, put the pot in a more illuminated place.

Flowering is insufficient or absent altogether - this problem may be hidden in the lack of light or fertilizer. Sometimes feeding, on the contrary, is too much or it does not fit.

  • A sharp drop of flowers - can be caused by a sharp cooling, overdrying of the soil, moving to a too spacious pot or late transfer (it can not be carried out during flowering or budding).
  • How to get seedlings from seed?

    Seeds can maintain their planting properties up to 8 years, but it is better to grow seedlings from fresh seeds. It is recommended to start sowing from mid-March.

    1. Pour the soil mixture into the box, wet it slightly. Be sure to carry out soil disinfection with a solution of fungicide. This procedure will help to avoid the death of seeds that do not tolerate soil rot and its fungal diseases.
    2. Place the seeds on the ground and gently press them (about 0.5-0.7 cm), leaving a decent space between them.
    3. Cover with foil or glass and place the box in a warm place where direct sunlight does not fall.
    4. The temperature should remain within 21-25 degrees Celsius. If the degree is lower, the development of seeds will slow down, if it is higher, it stops altogether.
    5. A maximum of a week you will see the first growth of balsam. During this period, it is necessary to open the foil, tempering young plants.
    6. Полив проводить до обеда.
    7. Следует обеспечить сеянцам дополнительное освещение вечером или в пасмурную погоду.
    8. Прибегать к помощи удобрений можно только после появления первого полноценного листочка. Но и тут главное не переусердствовать.
    9. Когда увидите 2-3 появившихся листочка, не забудьте провести пикировку, рассадив молодые растения по отдельным емкостям. Помните о дренажном слое.
    10. Температурный режим должен оставаться прежним. Но при этом плёнку снимать ещё рано. Это можно будет сделать после окончательного укоренения.
    11. Этот сорт бальзамина хорошо кустится. Если этого не происходит, проведите прищипку верхних листочков. От количества образованных побегов зависит количество цветков.
    12. В открытый грунт это травянистое растение пересаживают в середине мая – начале июля, в зависимости от региона.

    Бальзамин Уоллера. Выращивание из семян:

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