After the onset of the warm season, on the streets of the city, in park areas, on the territory of household plots, on balconies, and loggias, one can observe a variety of decorative cultures. Among these plants, pelargonium ampelous ampelous stands out, attracting the gaze from the many falling shoots, which form magnificent bright inflorescences.
This representative of the family of geranium today is increasingly chosen by landscape designers, because it is considered one of the most popular plants used in gardening events.
Features of Ivy Pelargonium
Under natural conditions, Pelargonium Ileum (Pelargonium peltatum) grows in South African territory. Today, numerous varieties, hybrids of culture, bred by breeders, are in demand among gardeners in many countries on very different continents. Such plants, planted in hanging pots, used as a decor for balconies, loggias, window sills, look just great.
The cultivation of pelargonium in home gardens has proven itself well. This representative of geranium crops feels fine if its lashes hang down along a vertical plane, or when they form a flowering, dense carpet, gently settling along a flat stretch.
Due to its five-lobed, leathery, smooth leaves, it has received its name. They resemble the leaves of another lash - ivy.
Pelargonium shoots are quite strong. They have the ability, as they grow, to cling to the ledges of rocky slopes and climb up, ensuring seed dispersion. Numerous varieties of ileum Pelargonium, suitable for growing at home, are characterized by the presence of stems, the length of which is up to 1 m.
The culture noted the presence of umbrella inflorescences, combining 6 - 15 flowers. Their formation occurs in the axillary recesses of the leaves, which have a green or variegated colors. Varietal forms of a plant can have simple flowers with a uniform color. Terry ivy loquist pelargoniums with petals, decorated with contrasting spots, stripes, and a clear border look very impressive.
What conditions are considered optimal for the plant?
Pelargoniums like bright sunshine. It is able to grow rapidly, to develop in conditions of good illumination. At the same time, the bush tolerates drought without problems. Pelargonium, planted in a balcony box, a flowerpot, on a flowerbed near the house, shows magnificent flowering in the warm period of the year at temperatures of + 20 ... + 25 ° C.
The plant, which will be provided with sufficient watering in the heat, will not lose its beauty, will delight with magnificent flowering for a long time. A culture that has undergone a hardening procedure, quietly suffers short-term cooling. However, negative temperatures are contraindicated.
A plant grown in a flowerpot should be replanted every 2 years in the spring. In addition, such an event would be justified when the capacity becomes too tight for the bush.
Soil quality requirements
When choosing a soil for planting a crop, preference should be given to moisture-absorbing, loose, nutritious soil.
The landing of pelargonium in the soil with neutral, weak or average acidity values has proved itself well. When planting plants in a pot, you must purchase a special substrate in advance in the flower shop.
When deciding how to root pelargonium, you can do the independent preparation of the soil mixture. In its composition should be present: peat, humus, sand, turf, leaf earth in equal shares.
Preparation of a flowerpot, drainage
It is necessary to refuse to provide the plant with an excessively large pot. It will be preferable to plant the crop in a container, the dimensions of which will exceed the size of the roots of pelargonium by an amount equal to the thickness of the finger (1 - 1.5 cm). Also, you can settle several bushes in one flowerpot, a balcony box. Thus, the plants will constantly form new buds, which will not slow down affect their pomp and beauty.
Since pelargonium is considered a mountain "inhabitant", it needs a drainage arrangement. For this purpose, pieces of expanded clay should be placed at the bottom of the pot.
Culture requires periodic supplementation. Shrubs begin to actively develop in March, and their flowering lasts until the beginning of autumn. Plants growing in flowerpots, you need to ensure weekly feeding with the use of mineral supplements. But organic fertilizer is not welcome.
Experienced growers warn about the inadmissibility of too frequent use of nutrient solutions with a nitrogen content. Soil oversaturation with this component causes rapid growth of stems, leaves, but negatively affects flowering. In a plant overfed with nitrogen, bud formation is inhibited altogether or occurs in much smaller amounts.
To stalks of pelargonium covered with lush inflorescences, it is necessary to give preference to potassium, phosphate fertilizers. The use of magnesium sulfate has proven itself well. Florists with experience to stimulate flowering is often used a solution of iodine (1 drop) in water (1 l). Under one bush at a time about 50 ml of this tool.
Pelargonium in the summer outdoors
Constantly located in the room pelargonium zone ileus feels great. At the same time, plants exposed at the beginning of the warm period of the year outside the window, into the garden, are under stress. In order to acclimatize the culture as painlessly as possible, it must be gradually accustomed to growing in conditions with constant temperature, humidity and light conditions.
In May, after passing through the pores of frosts, the bushes are determined to permanent places where they will grow throughout the summer. In the fall, when temperatures drop to + 10 ... + 15 ° C, they should be taken back to the premises. It is noteworthy that the formation of pelargonium, its flowering will occur faster if there are a number of plants with petals of contrasting colors.
Organization wintering pelargonium
In order to make an ampelous pelargonium in the room in the best possible way, it will need to be determined in a bright, cool, dry place. The recommended temperature range is + 7 ... + 15 ° C. At this time, watering is reduced. The plant is sufficient soil moisture, which excludes the death of the root system. Do not irrigate the leaves, stems. It is advisable to complete the dressings in 30 days.
When studying information on how to cut pelargonium in the run-up to wintering, you need to take into account that experienced florists prefer to remove all the shoots, and the plant itself to dig out from the pot together with a lump of soil and determine its transparent package from cellophane. A bush preserved in this way can be placed on a warmed balcony, a loggia.
Culture cutting method
According to the opinion of most florists, cuttings of ileum pelargonium should be postponed to the beginning of March. It is worth resorting to this method if you have access to planting material.
It is necessary to prepare healthy, large cuttings of pelargonium - they are separated from the mother plant and left to dry for 2 days. To do this, use the apical sections of the vertical stems. The optimal choice will be shoots with a length of 7 - 10 cm, with 2 pairs of healthy leaves. Slices should be processed using coal powder.
Having taken care of the solution of the problem: when pelargonium is used for cutting, you should pay attention to the fact that it is possible to do harvesting planting material not only in spring, but also in August. It is very important to get a loose, disinfected soil in advance. Cuttings will be made into it at an interval of 2 cm, with a depth of 3–4 cm into the soil. It is desirable to arrange shelter over them not from a film, but from a nonwoven material. It passes moisture well, does not allow formation of condensate.
After a month rooting of ileum Pelargonium will occur, after which they can be planted in flowerpots. The flowering of young bushes should be counted after they winter.
Pelargonium seed propagation
As a rule, the planting of pelargonium by sowing seeds is carried out in the period: February - mid April. To stimulate the formation of a strong root system in seedlings, it will be necessary to fill the pre-cooked pots with light, loose soil or use large-sized peat tablets.
Sowing of seeds is carried out with a depth of 5 - 10 mm. Next, you need to moisten the soil well by spraying with a spray bottle. Capacity with seedlings covered with foil, put in a warm place with sufficient illumination. After a week, you can expect the appearance of the first shoots. After 3 to 4 weeks, the plants are determined in permanent pots.
Selection of planting material
Modern flower shops offer for sale a variety of terry Pelargonium varieties, plants with simple inflorescences, among which is to select the most suitable planting material. In order not to be mistaken, it is advisable to study in advance information about the species of interest. Below are descriptions of several varieties, culture hybrids, consistently receiving encouraging reviews from gardeners.
Pelargonium Crystal Queen f1
Wonderful Pelargonium Crystal Queen f1 is a powerful plant that can be easily grown from seeds. Shrubs of this hybrid in the amount of 1 - 2 pieces are allowed to land in a large hanging basket.
The unpretentious pelargonium ampelous Crystal Kvin f1 ed is characterized by the presence of hard leaves, strong, shoots up to 30 cm long. It withstands sludge and wind. On one plant can order hundreds of beautiful flowers at the same time. The culture is recommended for cultivation in hanging pots, balcony boxes, mixed containers.
Diseases of ampelous pelargonium
Since the plant spends a lot of time on the balcony or in the garden, it is exposed to negative environmental influences. High humidity, temperature fluctuations, errors in care often provoke pelargonium diseases, the signals of which are the appearance of rusty, dry spots on the leaves, light patches, yellow mosaic pattern.
The greatest harm to the culture is caused by fungal infections, chlorosis, and viral mosaic. Handling of bushes with the help of special tools, adjustment of watering schedules, additional fertilizing will help to cope with illnesses. Effective preventive measures are: disinfecting the soil, loosening the soil, removing yellowed, fallen leaves, cutting off faded inflorescences.
Beautiful cascades of delightful colors
Proper implementation of planting activities, the care of pelargonium will be the key to obtaining a healthy, richly flowering plant, pleasing during the season beautiful cascades of delicious flowers. Not only households can admire them, but also neighbors, guests, passers-by.
What are the features of pelargonium?
This flower is considered a family of geraniums. In Europe, the flower was brought from Holland in the XVIII century. He quickly gained popularity among florists. Breeders managed to bring a large variety of pelargonium species. All varieties can be divided into six large groups: ampelous (ile-leaved), English homely-flowered, garden, fragrant, variegated, succulent.
And the ivy and garden varieties are well propagated by seeds and grow well in the open field, decorating floral arrangements.
Pelargonium - growing conditions
It can be grown in the winter at home, and in the summer in the garden or directly in the soil or in pots, complementing the flowering composition.
- Temperature conditions. Pelargonium is thermophilic, so before the first frost it needs to be transferred to the house. The optimal home temperature in winter should be from 8 to 12 degrees. In the summer, the plant requires moderate heat of 17-23 degrees. The plant is planted in the garden in the open air after threats of recurring frosts. At a temperature of about 12 degrees Pelargonium stops flowering. But the high temperature for the plant is undesirable. On a low, not comfortable temperature, the plant signals red leaf. Removing the flower from the garden in the fall, it is necessary to reduce the temperature and the amount of water when watering so that the plant will reduce growth and not be depleted in low light.
- Lighting. The plant is light-loving and with a lack of light it blooms poorly and is strongly drawn out. Interestingly, when grown in a garden, it is well tolerated by direct sunlight, but at home it is necessary to protect the flower from the sun by shading the flower. However, with a lack of lighting, the plant begins to turn yellow, losing the lower leaves and baring the stem, and it does not bloom well. At home, you need to turn the flower to the light several times a week for its uniform development.
- The flower loves space, so no other plants need to be planted closely.
pelargonium - a variety of species
- Watering. Pelargonium is a drought-resistant flower, but quickly becomes infected with fungal diseases. Therefore, when watering it is better not to fill than to pour. Therefore, the plant is usually watered when the soil dries under it, preventing it from drying out completely. On the overflow of plants signal leaves: they become sluggish and lowered. With a lack of water in the soil the leaves turn yellow, the edges dry up, the plant ceases to bloom. Humidity does not play a role in the life of pelargonium, so it does not need to be sprayed. Increased humidity can trigger fungal diseases.
- Top dressing experts advise to combine with each irrigation, calculating the dose of fertilizer on the number of irrigations. Or feed up once a week until late autumn. If the soil under the plant is dry, then first you need to water with ordinary water, and then with the addition of fertilizers. If in the winter you managed to create a lower temperature, then top dressing is completely unnecessary. If after all the flower grows a little, then fertilizing is carried out with a fourth part of the required dose of fertilizer. 2-2.5 months before flowering, the plant should be fed with mineral fertilizers with a large amount of potassium. If symptoms of leaf chlorosis appear, be sure to include iron chelate and magnesium sulfate in the top dressing.
- The soil. For beautiful flowering and healthy plants, the soil must be fertile. The composition of the soil consists of a mixture in equal proportions of peat, sand, garden soil. Be sure to perform drainage of stones. Do not forget to loosen the soil more often, so that there is good air access to the roots, which will not allow them to rot.
- Pot size. For pelargonium flower pot is selected according to the size of the root system. The plant grows much better, and also blooms brighter and more abundant in small containers. In large pots, the plant itself begins to actively develop at the expense of flowering.
- To form a bush and fast branching, it is recommended to pinch the growth tip around February or March.
Good plant develops within 2-5 years. Therefore, it is necessary to propagate it by cuttings that can be rooted from early spring to late autumn. Cuttings are taken from tops 5–7 cm long only from healthy and strong plants. Bottom sheets of cuttings are carefully removed and below the knot make an oblique cut that needs to be dried, and then put in a container with water until the roots appear.
That's all about pelargonium. Following our helpful tips cultivation of pelargonium will not cause you problems and difficulties, and the plant will delight you with lush beautiful flowers.
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Despite the fact that pelargonium is a perennial plant, in winter in the middle lane it freezes out, therefore there are subtleties in its cultivation.
In order for Pelargonium to bloom all summer, it needs to create appropriate conditions. Choose a little soil with an acidic or neutral reaction, its composition should be necessarily light, the presence of peat and river sand favorably affects the plant. In the fall, when you dig up the soil, add humus and mineral fertilizers.
Pelargonium can grow in the garden, but it is better to winter at home
Pelargonium is good for irrigation, so it should be watered moderately and not allowed to dry out the soil. Although drought can endure normally.
But even in the open sun it is better not to plant it: the optimum temperature for growth and development in pelargonium is + 15 ° C, therefore the half-solar side is considered to be the best, or it will still have to be tinted.
Depending on the species, pelargonium has a number of individual features, but the principle of planting and care is largely the same. To root the green cuttings in the garden, you need to plant them in a mixture of peat and river sand. But it can also be rooted at home using perlite.
- Rest period
For winter, pelargonium cannot be left in the garden. Transplant her in the pot and take her home.
The top of the shoots need to pinch so that next year the bush was lush
4 main differences from the usual geraniums
Inexperienced growers often confuse ordinary geranium and ampel Amylum. This is a big mistake, because the latter has its own characteristics of care. Those who do not know them, can easily destroy the plant. So, what is the difference between ileum and pelargonium?
- The plant has thin hanging stems that can reach a length of 1 m, in the usual geranium, the stalks are short and stand straight.
- Around the stem of the Ileum Pelargonium grows many flexible, climbing shoots. They give the plant pomp and showiness.
- In ordinary geranium, the leaves are very soft; in the ivy-like variety, the leaves are five-lobed, smooth and even glossy. In width they can be up to 6 cm.
- Ivy Pelargonium flowers are bigger and brighter.
Attention! Geranium has a powerful antibacterial and antiseptic effect. Therefore, it is recommended to grow it in homes where often suffer from colds and other respiratory diseases.
It is easy to reproduce ivy geranium at home. This can be done in two ways: by seeds and cuttings. Seed method - a difficult and painstaking path. Usually it is chosen by experienced flower growers. Planted seeds in the period from February to mid-April.
- Seeds are immersed in the soil to a depth of 1 cm.
- After that, the soil is well moistened, but not from a watering can, but from a spray bottle.
- Seedlings need to provide additional lighting and clean in a warm place.
- Next, you need to carefully monitor the temperature, it should be kept in the range of 22-25 ° C.
- To plant seedlings in a permanent ground can be 3-4 weeks after sowing seeds.
Reproduction by cuttings is much easier under one condition: there is where to get these cuttings. You need to do this in early March.
Soil selection, lure and transplanting
Geranium Ivy ampelnaya ampelous unpretentious to the soil. The only condition is its fertility.
This plant does not need a large and spacious pot. On the contrary, a small and even cramped pot or planter is the best place to grow geraniums. The optimal size - the roots are located 1-1.5 cm to the walls of the pot.
Geranium is fed only in spring and summer. This is done every ten days with potash fertilizer. Autumn and winter do not need to do this.
Amppel geranium must be transplanted, as it grows and the flower-pots become too close for it, and the soil becomes depleted. It happens 1 time in 2 years. The best time for a transplant is spring. Even if the plant has not grown, you need to at least update the soil - add peat soil there.
Rules for successful cultivation and care
Caring for geraniums, compared to other indoor plants, can be called simple. Good ground and a small pot - almost the key to success. However, for lush flowering you need to follow a few more rules of plant care.
This houseplant is very fond of light, which in modern apartments is not always enough. Since no direct sunlight in the house is to be obtained, it is best to put the ivy-pelargonium pot on the windowsill on the south side.
In summer, geraniums cannot be overheated, the optimum temperature is up to 25 ° C. In winter, the plant seems to retire, at which time the best temperature for it is 15 ° C. It must be kept away from heating devices.
Drought to the flower is not terrible, but too humid air is harmful. It is necessary to water a geranium from below and not more often 1 time in 2 weeks.
Attention! African plant Pelargonium does not like moisture. Therefore, they do not need to be sprayed with a spray bottle. Otherwise, the leaves of the plant may start to rot. Also, they will develop various diseases.
The pomp and bloom of the geranium provides fertilizing with potassium. Nitrogen, by contrast, harms the plant.
Pest and disease protection
Indoor amber geranium is susceptible to attack by pests and diseases. Most often, these plants adapt for themselves caterpillars and slugs. They feed on pelargonium leaves. Get rid of them is not so easy. To do this, use systemic insecticides.
Due to improper care and violation of plant conditions, rust, flower mold, blackleg, and viruses may be affected. Treat geraniums with special chemicals.
Geranium ileppelist ampelnaya - a very beautiful plant, which with proper care will delight its owners with bright red flowers for many years. And if you open the directory of traditional medicine, you can learn about the manufacture of drugs from pelargonium.