General information

The most common diseases of chickens: symptoms and methods of their treatment

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Diseases of chickens are widespread. Some chickens are immediately born with bacteria, parasites in the body. Others become infected later due to the ingress of harmful microorganisms from the outside. It is extremely important to know as much as possible about various diseases of chickens in order to effectively carry out prevention, as soon as possible to identify ailments by characteristic signs. It is necessary with the available opportunities to carry out therapy, to treat the bird. Also of great importance is prevention to prevent further infection of other individuals who are still healthy. Consider the main ailments, their symptoms and course of treatment.

Preventive measures to prevent infectious diseases of chickens

The optimal solution for combating ailments is prompt effective prevention. As a preventive measure, experienced farmers recommend: do not keep adults in the same room together with the young. It is this mixture that often provokes the death of a large number of birds. When the disease of birds is observed, the therapy starts with quarantine measures: sick individuals are necessarily isolated from the rest. When observing severe symptoms, the impossibility of treatment, the bird is destroyed, burned. This is necessary to prevent the development of an epidemic.

Experts say: it is necessary to treat the chicken coop with special disinfectants. This method is optimal for reducing the likelihood of infection, infection from outside. When there are diseased individuals, such measures are taken immediately, on an emergency basis, since it is necessary to prevent mortality of the livestock.

Processing is carried out on an ongoing basis, regularly, even if there is no cause for concern. It is advisable to hold it at least once during the month. Of great importance is good care, proper balanced nutrition. A healthy bird has a more stable immunity.

A rash is a sign of disease

Disinfection of the coop is used as a preventive measure, with a certain frequency. Disinfection helps keep chickens from diseases and maintain sanitation. How to disinfect the chicken coop, learn in our article.

Infectious diseases

Infections develop as a result of contamination of the chicken with all sorts of viruses. They are transferred directly by the birds, they can be brought in from the outside. Of course, the most dangerous factor is the transmission of the virus to healthy individuals from the diseased. If the livestock covers an epidemic, you can lose all the birds.

Another negative factor: a number of illnesses are transmitted virally not only to chickens, but also to other types of poultry, animals, and some pose a real threat to humans. In case of late treatment, the liver, other organs and systems of vital activity are in the first place under attack. Often the probability of death of a bird is high. Consider the specific disease of chickens.

Pulloz-typhus

This ailment is widespread, has a bacterial nature. It is a serious danger not only for the bird, but also for humans. Usually infected young animals less than two weeks old.

Symptoms are as follows.

  1. The chicks are lethargic, passive.
  2. The youngsters get together in heaps, presses paws.
  3. Constantly heard plaintive squeaking.
  4. The eyes are usually closed, as the light of the patients is annoying.
  5. Wings are down.
  6. The feces are in the form of liquid, viscous, foamy porridge with a yellowish tinge.
  7. There is an increase in temperature.
  8. Breathing is disturbed.
  9. Scallop may turn blue.

In the end, about 70 percent of young stock may die. Chicks die in convulsions.

It is necessary to isolate immediately all ill. Drug therapy is effectively carried out with furazolidone, biomycin.

Spots on the liver of an infected individual

Colibacteriosis

Distributed among chickens, other poultry. In this infection, E. coli becomes the causative agent. Adult birds can suffer in a chronic form, but in young animals the illness is acute. Signs such as:

  • crouching
  • weakness,
  • loss of appetite
  • thirst,
  • apathy,
  • trouble breathing
  • severe indigestion.

Already visually, you can determine the disease. Treatment is extremely important to carry out in a timely manner, since there is a real threat to human health. Most often, therapy is carried out with terramycin, biomycin. Now the demand for ampicillin, sarafloksalin, enrofloxacin is also increasing.

Pasteurellosis

Here individuals who have not yet reached three months are under attack. They transfer the sick perebolivshie birds, rodents. The disease can be chronic or acute. We denote the external characteristics.

  1. Malfunctions of the liver, other internal organs and systems.
  2. An accumulation of mucous discharge in the nose.
  3. A sharp decrease in appetite.
  4. Rattling, trouble breathing.
  5. Thirst.
  6. Scallop can be painted in cyanotic color.

Pasteurellosis: visual signs

Important! Pasteurella for a long time can persist in water with food, in manure, in corpses. When an infection with this virus has been detected, the bird must be burnt after slaughter. The coop is thoroughly disinfected.

The optimal solution - prevention of illness. The bird is inoculated with anti-cholera serum. When an ailment is found, there is a chance to save the young: for this, they are given therapy with antibiotics. However, the efficiency is low. Apply norsulfazol, tetracycline.

Salmonellosis

The most dangerous disease that poses a great threat, both for the bird and for man. Infection occurs through feed and droppings, eggs, in contact with the bird. In addition, infection is likely even by airborne droplets.

  • swelling of the joints on the paws,
  • weakness,
  • eyes are watering, festering
  • strong thirst
  • appetite decreases sharply,
  • breathing is difficult
  • feces are frothy,
  • there is a stunted growth
  • inflamed peritoneum.

External signs of salmonellosis

When death is observed death agony with convulsions, twitching of the head.

First of all, the acute course of the disease affects the liver, gastrointestinal tract. Therapy is most often prescribed with furazolidone. It lasts 20 days, for 10 days it is also necessary to take streptomycin. When a week goes by, the course is repeated. Within 10 days it is necessary to add to the feed chlotetracycline, sulfanilamide. Full thorough disinfection is carried out. All birds that remain infected should be maintained by taking chloramphenicol: it is given three times a day, for a week.

The best solution is prevention of salmonellosis. You must enter a special immune serum

Chicken pox

It is carried by insects and parasites, sick individuals, transmitted through water, feed. First of all, the cornea of ​​the eye is affected, then the internal organs are affected. Young at risk. Symptoms of the disease is as follows.

  1. Breathing becomes heavy.
  2. The bird weakens, almost does not move.
  3. Swallow too hard.
  4. Red spots appear on the skin.
  5. Yellow pocks spread everywhere: on the earrings, ridge, in the eye area. Gradually they turn brown, darken.

Drug therapy can be carried out effectively only at the very first stage of infection. Boric acid, furatsilin, or glycerin, galazolin will be required. These means carefully wipe all affected areas. Antibiotics are relevant: biomitsin, tetracycline. They are taken throughout the week. A decoction of chamomile rinse the throat. A five percent chloramine is useful for treating internal growths. All this is permissible to apply if the decision is made to try to save the bird. However, experts note: the best solution is to kill the infected individuals in order to prevent the spread of infection and the emergence of an epidemic.

To reduce the risk of disease, it is necessary to carefully observe the standards of hygiene, as well as regularly clean the house and disinfect it.

Newcastle disease

The virus is transmitted quickly, in different ways: through food and water, litter. Individuals easily infect each other. Almost all organs are affected, from the liver to the nervous system. The clinical picture is as follows.

  1. Birds make croaking sounds.
  2. Disturbed reflection swallowing.
  3. Sharply reduced appetite.
  4. Mucus accumulates in large quantities in the oral, nasal cavity.
  5. Chickens are lethargic, passive.
  6. Coordination is disturbed, movement of individuals in a circle, disruptions in orientation in space are observed.
  7. The comb gradually acquires a blue tint.

Clinical picture in Newcastle disease

Cut out all livestock. The bird is burned or covered with lime. When the illness is acute, it can be transmitted to the person.

The only effective measure is timely prevention and hygiene.

Helminthic parasites

Parasites live in the small intestine, as well as in its many processes. The bird develops diarrhea when helminths enter the body. Also, individuals lose their appetite, become lethargic. Worms themselves are up to 15 centimeters long.

Worms of helminth infection: rodents

Helps from helminthic diseases fludenvet. Its required only three grams per kilogram of feed. It is important to conduct therapy course throughout the week.

When indigestion does not stop and after treatment, it is necessary to contact a veterinarian for advice.

Birds suffer from many diseases, not the last place in this list is occupied by worms in chickens. Parasites come in several species and have different carriers. The condition of the birds should be monitored daily, as soon as deviations were discovered, it is necessary to find out their cause and take measures to protect the chickens.

Non-contagious diseases

The hallmark of such ailments is that only the directly sick bird is in the risk zone. The epidemic does not threaten healthy individuals. In this case, treatment is necessary to save livestock.

Often, chickens are observed disruptions in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. This is typical of improper nutrition, when the feed contains clay or sand. Poor, if not balanced amount of protein consumed. Avitaminosis occurs. When the diseases are already running, the clinical picture becomes confusing, as the symptoms overlap. With late treatment, the bird dies.

A clean chicken coop is an important part of bird health.

A big role is played by the zoological regime in the hen house. He must be carefully monitored. Risk factors:

  • bird mobility,
  • poor ventilation system
  • wrong temperature condition, overcooling,
  • excessive light.

Mechanical injuries are dangerous. This happens when other animals attack, fall, pinching foreign objects in the stomach. Sometimes chickens suffer from poisoning, pecking poisonous plants. In the hen house, the zone where the individuals stay, the walks should be strictly controlled.

The whole problem is in the wrong diet. It provokes dyspepsia or indigestion. This is extremely dangerous for the young, which has not yet crossed the threshold of 3 weeks. Inexperienced farmers are beginning to accustom the bird to roughage too soon. In addition, it is important to monitor the freshness, purity of water. Dyspepsia is chronic, due to toxic poisoning, and also acute — the intestines, the stomach itself, become inflamed.

  • lack of appetite,
  • liquid feces with undigested fragmentary food residues,
  • temperature rise,
  • apathy,
  • convulsions of paws,
  • hardening of the abdomen.

Therapy is based primarily on the translation of a correct, well-balanced diet. Chickens are kept on a special diet: all foods should be easily digested. Instead of water, they give soda solution, potassium permanganate. If food poisoning is detected, sulfonamides and antibiotics will be needed.

It is extremely important to prevent the development of the disease. Drinking bowls with feeders must always be kept clean. Special attention should be paid to nutrition.

Feeder for chickens in the house

Atonia goiter

A fairly widespread illness, provoked by an untimely, poorly balanced diet. As a result, the food begins to accumulate in the goiter, which leads to its obstruction. Visually and tactilely you can identify the disease by sagging, hardening of goiter. Goiter can block the respiratory tract, as well as the jugular vein. In this case, the individual will die.

If this does not happen, you can try to cope with atony. A neat light massage is done. Using the probe, some vegetable oil is buried in the goiter. Then the goiter is massaged again, the chicken is turned upside down. It is important to remove the contents of the goiter. After the procedure, it is desirable to pour potassium permanganate into the pharynx.

Gastroenteritis

The disease is called intestinal flu. If the bird is fed irregularly, the food is of insufficient quality, gastroenteritis develops. Sometimes the cause is stomach defects, such as polyps. Stressful situations as well as allergic reactions to specific types of feed are dangerous.

Symptomatology will determine the development of intestinal flu:

  • temperature rise
  • apathy,
  • stomach upset,
  • chickens have no appetite
  • feces are watery, frothy, with a strong odor,
  • scallop is blue.

One sign of gastroenteritis is the blue comb.

Treatment is associated with improved nutrition, diets. The diet should be half-starved, all vitamins and microelements are needed easily digestible. Use laxative drugs, antibiotics. It is advisable to prevent the development of the disease: the food needs high-quality, it is important to observe hygiene.

Salpingitis

This inflammation of the oviduct that occurs when gallstones peritonitis. The disease is provoked by poor feeding, lack of vitamins. As a result, eggs are torn down too early; they remain soft, without shell.

Appearance of a laid egg at salpingitis

It is important to make the diet balanced, increase the content of proteins and vitamins. If there is inflammation, but the oviduct has not yet fallen out, there is a chance to cure the bird. But you will need regular checkups at the vet.

Bronchopneumonia

When hypothermia begins the inflammatory process in the respiratory organs. Sometimes young animals fall under the rain, a sharp temperature drop is harmful. Sometimes pneumonia is a complication of an infectious disease. The bird becomes lethargic, breathing hoarse, no appetite, mucus is secreted from the nose and throat.

Chick sheds with pneumonia

The measures are taken immediately, otherwise the youngsters die in a matter of days. Used to treat penicillin, terramycin. Sick individuals are resettled, everything is thoroughly disinfected.

Poor living conditions, lack of vitamins, fluorine and calcium provoke the development of cloacite. Chickens suffer from hemorrhagic ulcers, inflammation of the mucous membranes, indigestion. Individuals lose weight, cease to carry eggs.

We define cloacitis on our own

It is possible to carry out treatment by washing mucous membranes with rivanol, treating them with petroleum jelly and anesthesin. For the prevention of the diet need vitamin flour, as well as alfalfa, root vegetables in a shredded form.

Diseases caused by insects

It is extremely important to always monitor the condition, behavior of chickens, as well as regularly examine them. The bird also suffers from insects: this is manifested in anxiety, scratching. You can see small holes on the surface of the skin, if you push the plumage. Fleas, ticks and puff-eaters provoke diseases.

Traces of parasites on the bird

Fleas settle in the litter, so you can cope with them if you treat the entire room, change litter, carry out deratization.

The lice are small but very dangerous. Helps aerosols Insektol, Arpalit. Feathers are sprayed, but the tool should not get into the eyes, on the beak. The hen house is disinfected, the whole inventory.

Chicken fleas are a common parasite species. If a flea got into the barn, then in seven days the number of parasites will grow 50 times! Therefore, it is necessary to regularly carry out preventive measures, notice the infected bird in time and treat it. Learn more about the measures of prevention and treatment in our article.

Fungal diseases

Mold fungi also cause ailments. Aspergillosis is the most common among them. Infection is likely if the food is moldy, and the conditions of detention do not meet sanitary standards. The lesion goes to the respiratory tract and internal organs.

Aspergillosis affects the lungs of birds

The bird becomes apathetic, breathing gets off, quickens. Sometimes the eyes become inflamed, sneezing and coughing are observed. Individuals are depleted, suffer from indigestion. Within a few days, patients may die from the developed paralysis.

Therapy is carried out with the use of iodine inhalation. Nystatin helps: give it to drink. Chickens have enough 5 mg, and adults - 20 mg.

Be extremely attentive. Monitor the condition of the birds, feeding and conditions.

Main diseases of layers

Knowing about the possible diseases of chickens is necessary for everyone who breeds them or holds them to get eggs. The main reason for the appearance of the disease - the wrong content or food chickens.

Veterinarians divide all diseases of chickens into several groups:

  • infectious,
  • non-infectious,
  • internal parasites
  • external parasites.

Diseases of laying hens

In a private home, the fight against chick infections falls on their master.What are the diseases of laying hens at home? What threatens poultry such as chickens and how to identify them in the early stages, what symptoms and treatment will be in this situation. Diseases of chickens are internal and external.

Pseudochuma or another name for this disease is Newcastle

This disease is transmitted by airborne droplets.

The symptoms of the disease include: the lethargic condition of the bird, poor movement, heavy breathing, liquid droppings, the bird turns over on its belly.

How to treat a bird? With this disease, treatment is not possible and therefore it is not too late, you need to separate the bird from the entire herd and kill it.

For prophylactic purposes, cleanliness should be observed in the chicken coop room, good proven feed should be given, vaccinate birds.

Pulloz (Typhus)

In this case, the chickens suffer from the stomach. Also transmitted by airborne droplets. Mostly adult birds are affected.

The symptoms of the disease include: lethargic condition of the bird, poor movement, no appetite, breathing is very frequent. Chickens also drink a lot of water. They form a dangling belly and notice lethargy crest.

How to treat a disease? In this case, the disease is treated with special antibiotics. Antibiotics are administered with injections or poured into the throat.

For prevention, the following measures are taken: to do this, remove the bird from the herd, in the hen house to carry out disinfectant measures.

Streptococcosis

This disease infects all internal organs of chickens.

Symptoms in this disease are as follows: rapid weight loss due to lack of appetite, weakness, body temperature rises, there are convulsions and joints become inflamed, and there is also poor bowel function.

Treatment for poultry consists of antibiotics.

To prevention include: isolation of sick poultry and sanitation measures.

Smallpox (Diphtherit)

This is a very serious disease. But it can occur in a chronic form. Transmission is only at the contact of birds, or from small rodents.

Symptoms of the disease are as follows: weight loss and the appearance of weakness, it becomes difficult to swallow food, the appearance of reddish spots on the skin.

Treat, perhaps, only in the early stages of the manifestation of the disease. Spots must be lubricated with furatsilina solution and also treated with antibiotics.

As a preventive measure, hygiene measures in the hen house are suitable, as well as the inculcation of birds.

Ornithosis or parrot disease

The disease belongs to the most dangerous, affects the respiratory, digestive organs, as well as the nervous system of the bird.

Infection occurs through air or droppings.

The manifestation of the disease can be seen in the following symptoms: there is no appetite in the bird, and, consequently, loss in weight. Heavy breathing. Liquid droppings, nasal mucus.

Antibiotics and the addition of potassium permanganate to water are suitable for effective treatment. And in the feed you need to add more vitamins.

As a preventive measure, hygiene measures are suitable. If sick birds come in contact with healthy ones, then healthy ones also need antibiotics for two days. It is necessary to process all working inventory.

The disease is characterized by inflammation in the navel. That's because the reason is poor bird content.

Symptoms include: the appearance of weakness, any education near the navel. Birds affected by the disease, keep in piles.

Antibiotics are used for treatment, and the affected navel is treated with a special solution.

For prevention you need to keep the house clean and tidy.

Neurolymphomatosis

The disease is characterized by damage to the nervous system of the bird, and sometimes damage to other organs.

Symptoms include loss of appetite and weight, blindness. Paralysis.

Treatment for this disease is not possible.

As a preventive measure, poultry vaccination should be performed And with the disease you need to remove the sick bird from everyone.

Colisepticemia or Coliinfection

The disease manifests itself through the formation of Escherichia coli. It affects almost all the internal organs of the bird.

The disease is very dangerous. The reason for the appearance due to poor feed and poor bird content.

Symptoms include: loss of appetite, lethargy, high body temperature, poor breathing is possible even with wheezing, and the appearance of great thirst.

To save the bird from death can only use antibiotics.

As preventive measures apply a normal diet for poultry, as well as adhering to the rules of cleanliness and maintenance of poultry.

This disease affects the kidneys of the bird. Infection occurs only through feed.

Symptoms include the following factors: lack of appetite and weight loss, bloody stool, stiffness, comb and earrings whiten and grow dumb, wing omission.

It is necessary to treat a sick bird with antibiotics, and add fish oil to the feed.

As a preventive measure, it is necessary to clean the house, feed it with fresh food, and also so that there is no dampness in the hen house.

Encephalomyelitis

This infectious disease is bad for the nervous system.

It is very dangerous and leads to the death of the bird. Transmission occurs through the air, through feed, as well as through litter.

Symptoms of the disease are: inactivity and the development of paralysis, muscle tremor and loose stools.

Unfortunately, it is impossible to cure the disease.

For the prevention of the disease you need to monitor hygiene, nutrition and poultry.

In this disease, the airways suffer, the disease is transmitted through the air.

Symptoms include bad breathing with wheezing, mucus secreted from the nose, sometimes there can be convulsions.

In treating the disease, terramycin is used. But do not give up antibiotics.

As a preventive measure, green fodder with the addition of vitamins is used.

Hemophilia or runny nose in a bird

The disease is characterized by lesions of the upper respiratory tract, the formation of the so-called rhinitis.

The causes of this lack of vitamins in the diet.

Symptoms include weight loss, nasal mucus, and shortness of breath.

To treat a disease, a disinfectant solution is added to the water.

For prevention, you need to warm the chicken coop, keep it clean and properly feed the bird.

Chicken flu

This disease affects the respiratory organs as well as the intestines.

The disease is very dangerous and leads to death. The disease is transmitted by air.

Symptoms include: poultry weakness and lethargy, diarrhea, high fever, wheezing with breathing, no egg production, a comb and earrings turning blue.

Treatment of this disease is impossible.

In preventive measures, cleanliness and order in the hen house should be maintained. Properly feed the bird. Sick bird isolate from others.

Anaerobic diarrhea

Chickens are susceptible to this disease.

Symptoms of the disease are: diarrhea for a very long period of time. The appearance of seizures. Sick chicks are cold.

Unfortunately, there is no treatment for this disease.

In the prevention of the disease, poultry house disinfection is used. And the chickens are watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Trichomoniasis

The disease is very dangerous. Infection of birds occurs through food and water.

Symptoms include the following signs: inactivity and depression of the bird, the beak is open all the time, wings fall, feathers stick together.

For the treatment of applied solution of tricholop. Birds need them to drink.

For prevention you need to properly keep the bird. And also buy good proven feed.

Drepanidoteniasis

This disease is manifested in the appearance of tapeworms in birds.

Symptoms include: indigestion, diarrhea. Squatting the bird on the tail. Sometimes paralysis occurs.

For the treatment of the disease, the following drugs are used as finsal, microsal. Garlic is very effective, you can also feed the pumpkin seeds to the bird.

For prevention, you must comply with proper nutrition of the bird. If it dies, the body must be burned.

Histomoniasis

The liver organ and cecum are affected.

Symptoms include poor condition of the bird, no appetite, blue head and ruffled feathers.

Treatment should be carried out with furazolidone. And also add vitamins to food.

As a prevention, you need to add vitamin A.

Hymenolepiasis

This disease covers the intestines.

Symptoms include the following: the appearance of liquid stool, indigestion. Sometimes there are cramps.

The treatment is carried out with such drugs as kamala, frilixan or arecoline.

For preventive purposes, it is necessary to eat birds correctly and apply the necessary maintenance measures.

Common causes of chickens

  • Poor conditions: crowding, insufficient cleaning, drafts or stuffiness, harmful fumes.
  • Poor quality of feed (the presence of toxins, pathogenic microflora, parasites in their composition).
  • Penetration of infection in the chicken coop (flies, ticks, fleas) provoke chicken diseases.

The first thing you need to do when you see signs of disease in a chicken, when the bird is constantly sleeping or husked up, is to isolate it from healthy chickens.

Any diseases of chickens, that is, severe chicken diseases and their symptoms can be dangerous for other individuals, and sometimes even for people. After isolation, you need to examine the remaining individuals to identify other patients and begin to heal.

Diseases of laying hens and their treatment must be started immediately in order not to lose livestock. If this is not done in case of an infectious disease, then there is a high risk of losing the entire chicken coop.

Diseases of chickens bursal, smallpox and other infectious diseases of young and older birds can have serious consequences. Next, you need to try to determine the causes of diseases as soon as possible, diagnose and understand whether the bird can be helped or it is better to destroy it immediately.

Non-contagious diseases

Mostly non-communicable diseases of domestic chickens occur in the winter, when the avitaminosis period begins, problems with the egg.

Lack or excess of vitamins, contaminated feed can lead to violations in the gastrointestinal tract of the chicken, in particularly severe cases, affects the liver and respiratory organs.

If you run the problem, the bird may die. Indiscriminate and unbalanced nutrition threatens the hens with obstruction of the goiter: food accumulates there and clogs the airways.

You can try to drip a little vegetable oil through the probe, massage it, hold the feet upside down to free it from the stuck food. But most often these methods do not help, and the chicken perishes.

Gastroenteritis and dyspepsia in domestic chickens

Errors in nutrition can turn for chicken and intestinal flu.

Symptoms - lethargy, blue scallop, liquid foamy yellow-green feces, lack of appetite, high temperature.

Like in humans, a chicken’s gastroenteritis is treated with a diet that consists of easily digestible food and vitamins. Also, birds are prescribed a course of antibiotics and clean the intestines with a laxative.

If it is too early to give rough food to chickens or water with stale water, then they may develop indigestion or dyspepsia. Feeding sick and healthy chickens should be carried out according to the rules.

In acute form, the disease provokes inflammation of the intestines and stomach, or it produces symptoms of toxic poisoning - weakness, loss of appetite, hard abdomen, diarrhea with undigested food pieces, high fever, convulsions.

They treat dyspepsia with a diet based on easily digestible food and water with potassium permanganate or baking soda.

Cloacite

If the nutrition of chickens is not balanced and the body of the feathery lacks vitamins, calcium and fluorine salts, then cloacitis occurs.

Its symptoms are similar to gastric upset, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cloaca, on which hemorrhagic ulcers can be seen. Birds lose weight, stop nosing, there may be problems with the egg.

To accurately determine the presence or absence of such a disease, you should invite to consult a veterinarian.

Local treatment - the affected areas are washed with rivanol, smeared with a mixture of vaseline with the addition of terramycin and anesthesin. Also for layers you need to adjust the diet and change the diet a little. To feed the chicken, give her a variety of foods.

Bronchopneumonia and keratoconjunctivitis

A long stay in a cold room or a walk in the rain can result in inflammation of the respiratory organs for sick chickens.

Symptoms of the common cold are similar to many infections and if they are ignored, the young may die.

Some farmers give iodine as a preventive measure.

Keratoconjunctivitis is directly related to inadequate conditions of detention, which are very often on farms. A dirty, uncleaned house can cause eye disease in chickens - they water, fester and cause discomfort to the bird.

In sick birds, there is apathy, the individual does not eat anything. It is useless to give feed or mineral supplements. Methods of treatment - regular cleanliness and airing, as well as the need to do eye wash with chamomile decoction in sick individuals.

Pecking feathers

In young stock, the most common problems are social. A serious sign of a population’s ill health is pecking (cannibalism) - aggression towards one’s brethren or the destruction of eggs.

Some individuals even die from it.

Why do individuals behave this way? The reasons for slander are often the so-called social problems - lack of food, crowding, conflicts between dominant individuals - roosters.

Basically, this phenomenon occurs in young. What to do in this case? This is quite a disposable disease so the lice should be transferred to a separate chicken coop.

A bird that has been attacked should be isolated, establish the cause of the slander, cure it and return it to the flock completely healthy. At the same time, it is necessary to check if there are enough birds, to improve the conditions of housing and feeding.

If the problem is not solved and the aggressor continues the terror, you need to grow such individuals separately.

Coop Care

Any treatment will only have a temporary effect if you do not thoroughly process the chicken coop. The walls must be covered with lime. Before entering the room you need to wipe your feet. As a detergent, you can use water with vinegar, laundry soap.

Before planting chickens, make sure that the room for them meets all standards and birds will be there comfortable, warm and fresh.

Light mode also plays a significant role in the health of chickens: the chicken coop should be lit 16 hours a day.

If there is enough light in the summer, then in the winter artificial light is needed which prevents common diseases of farm chickens. Humidity should not exceed 45%, temperature 21 degrees.

Prevention of diseases in poultry

According to the recommendations should be vaccinated and the introduction of vitamins in the feed. Timely supplements will provide immunity for chickens.

Do not combine chickens and adult chickens together.

Once a month it is necessary to disinfect the coop, which includes thorough cleaning of the floor, walls, perches, feeders and processing them with special solutions.

The coop must be ventilated daily.

To avoid infection in your chicken coop, it is recommended to buy eggs and chickens only from reliable suppliers, in industrial incubators or in large poultry farms. Your purchase must be accompanied by a veterinary certificate with complete information about vaccinations.

Temporarily settle new chickens separately, so that the young growth has grown and matured. New batch quarantine and maintain at least 10, and preferably 14 days.

During this time, any infection necessarily manifest itself. Every day it is recommended to inspect the newcomer, paying attention to the appearance, general condition, appetite.

If after 14 days the bird is vigorous and active, you can launch it into the main team.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send