Engaging in breeding geese is beneficial. By 4-5 months one individual can weigh up to 5 kg (live weight). But food can not be the same for all periods of life.
In this article we will look at such pressing issues as: what to feed the goslings? how to feed goslings in the first days of life at home? How to give fish oil to goslings? What are the nuances of successful cultivation? What is better: incubator or natural incubation? Is there any difference what to feed from the first day and in a month? And what should be the food for each age period?
Proper maintenance and feeding of newborns, weekly and monthly goslings at home
Incubation of a goose egg lasts a standard 30 days. The temperature during the incubation period is maintained around 38 degrees. But sooner or later, the newborn babies will leave the warm, cozy incubator, and then the question of further content will appear.
The temperature regime is most important for goslings in the first 10 days, Since thermoregulation is not yet developed and the body does not keep warmth, it is impossible to keep little goslings outside. This leads to loss of heat and the risk of loss of brood. To avoid such incidents, the temperature must be maintained artificially and sufficiently high.
Temperature and care for offspring grown in an incubator in the first days of life
The first three days are heated more intensely. The temperature is maintained around 28-30 degrees. The temperature will be comfortable for goslings if:
- kids spend most of their time around the feeder,
- resting on the litter without trying to curl up more compactly at the heat source,
- chicks have a normal appetite and thirst.
Then, by the 3rd week, the temperature is gradually reduced to 20 degrees, or even 18. In terms of temperature, geese are more adapted to the environment. Unlike other poultry, the goslings have a shorter heating period, only 20-30 days.
If the heater is not enough and the temperature is below the required, you can use infrared lamps (fix at an angle).
Warm air is very pleasant, but do not forget that any heater dries the air, which means you need to take care of humidity. Humidity index, the first 10 (15) days, should not be less than 70%, then you need to reduce to 60%.
To maintain the required level of humidity, it is necessary to spray the floor of the room in which the animals live, and if necessary to lower the level of humidity, they resort to airing.Incubator goose eggs waiting to hatch
Offspring grown by natural means (hen)
A hen heats and protects eggs throughout the entire period of hatching. If the incubator turns the eggs on average once every two hours, the hen makes it up to 50 times a day, which is 4 times more often. The result of her efforts is immediately visible - the output of young stock is higher. Temperature and humidity under the goose is optimal for eggs.
The nature is laid so that the hen ensures even warming up, periodic ventilation and does not overdry eggs. But, as elsewhere there is one drawback - no more than 15 eggs can be put under the goose, otherwise the quality of incubation decreases.
Having entrusted incubation to the hen, all that remains is to take care of the bird itself. It is necessary to provide free access to food, water and the opportunity to swim. There were cases when especially impressionable hens were afraid to get off the nest and walk to the feeder, which could lead to the death of the hen if not for forced feeding.
The importance of daylight for chicks up to a month
Regardless of how the chicks were bred, it should be noted that the length of daylight directly affects development, the intensity of weight gain and the health of the goslings.
The first days (about 7 days) should provide round-the-clock coverage of the chicks' dwelling, This will allow you to quickly get used to and easily find food and water. It’s still worth dividing day and night, even without turning off the light, but only muffling, but there should be a difference.
After a week, daylight hours can be reduced to 16-17 hours. But not sharply, but gradually, daily to reduce the time of intense illumination by about 30-40 minutes. Bringing the period of the day to 16-17 hours, you can stick to this schedule until sending for slaughter.Hatching goslings. First day of life
When should chicks fledge?
Goslings have a feathering gradually. From the moment of hatching to full plumage takes about 75-80 days.
The first 20 days the babies walk covered with a fluff, the next 10 days can be observed as steering feathers appear (on the tail), after another 10 days the wings are fledged, these feathers are called terry, then gradually and more or less evenly by 2-3 months full plumage .
How to feed and water daily goslings
So, the goslings hatched, the feeders and the water at the ready, the room is warm and light, but how to fill the feeders? The period of feeding in goslings begins immediately after they have dried.
First feeding should consist of food already familiar to their body - this is egg yolk. The yolk should be cooked hard-boiled, slightly diluted with boiled water and thoroughly ground. This is the diet for the first 3-4 days. Then you can offer young green onions. It should be thoroughly chopped and mixed to the yolk. If the pieces are larger than 2-3 millimeters, the goslings may not swallow the food.