The beauty of these plants has long been haunted by people. Apparently, therefore, they are associated with vice. In ancient times, orchids are shrouded in mystery and numerous legends.
There was even a superstition that predatory species grow in the tropical jungle, attacking not only animals, but also people. It must be said that this is not entirely fiction.
Predatory orchids do exist, but they feed on spiders, midges and other insects that fly into their flowers.
Not found these plants except that only in the Antarctic. The Orchid family is so large that it includes almost a tenth of all the flora present on the planet. Moreover, it is very ancient. Representatives of the family of dicotyledon Orchids are found in the tropics and belong to epiphytes.
Some species grow to two meters, others are dwarf. And the way of life of these exotic cultures is rather peculiar.
Some tropical species inhabit the trees that support them, others grow on sheer cliffs and run their roots into cracks where water and plant residues accumulate.
There are even underground representatives of the Orchids, who never see the sun and pollinated by insects living under the ground.
People consider orchids to be the most beautiful flower in the world, with charm, tenderness and magnificence. There are a variety of shades of flowers of this plant: green, lilac, pink, purple, yellow, white, maroon, etc. The Orchid family has about 800 genera and twenty thousand species.
This species refers to the representatives living in nature on a tree. Dendrobiums are found in Australia, in southeast Asia, in many areas of Oceania. This genus is one of the most numerous in the family. Today, botanists have discovered and described more than a thousand species.
The first acquaintance of man with dendrobium occurred at the end of the eighteenth century. Numerous hybrid forms of this genus differ not only in their color schemes, but also in the form of magnificent racemes and corolla.
They have an incredible appeal, and some - a unique appearance.
Their elongated lanceolate leaves are not as dense as those of other phalaenopsis. The roots of all members of the dendrobium genus are coated with wax. In some species, scaly shoots reach four to five meters.
The most prominent and well-known representative of this genus is considered to be the dendrobium nobile, the photo of which is presented below. This orchid has become very popular for its incredibly beautiful flowering and unpretentious temper.
Dendrobium Nobile - description
Among the huge variety of shapes and colors of elegant phalaenopsis of this genus, Dendrobium nobile is unique and unforgettable. She has a very unusual appearance. The Dendrobium Nobile orchid blooms in a very original way: its trunk from the base to the top is literally covered with large buds of various colors.
Plant growers are attractive because they are unpretentious, dendrobium nobile. Care at home for this exot even a novice florist. Grow it much easier than many other members of this genus. In this article, we will talk about how to keep dendrobium nobile at home, how to reproduce it, share the secrets of transplantation, etc.
The second name of this wonderful plant is “noble orchid”.
Dendrobium nobile found in the wild in Asia, India, Bhutan, Assam, the Himalayas, Thailand, China - this is not a complete list of places where it grows. The plant leads an epiphytic lifestyle, upholstered in trees, permanently attached to them. It is found in deciduous or evergreen tropics, and can even grow on the harsh, moss-covered rocks.
A quarter of the capacity is filled with drainage. Substrate poured into a hill, straighten the roots of orchids and gently fall asleep voids. It is better to place the plants in the center, without deepening the pseudobulb. If necessary, install the support.
The pots are left in a darkened room with a temperature of about 20 ° C.
Water the orchid 2-4 days after planting. Read more about orchid transplant here.
Orchid transplant video:
Epiphytic orchids need a rather poor and loose soil. The substrate is made from shredded pine bark, peat moss and peat. Charcoal is added to the mixture. It is important that the ground there was no calciumbecause most orchids do not tolerate it.
You can use the ready soil for epiphytic orchids.
Shredded bark of conifers will also do. In this case, put larger pieces on the bottom, upward - smaller ones. By adding a small amount of peat, the mechanical properties of the substrate are improved, the acidity is optimal for orchids.
Before filling the pot any substrate disinfect - Pour boiling water and leave for 10-15 minutes, then dried.
For planting use conventional pots and hanging baskets of rails. The main thing is to provide good drainage, it must be at least of the height of the pot. To do this, a thick layer of broken brick or granite rubble is placed on the bottom of the tank. Expanded clay and limestone do not fitcontaining calcium.
A thick layer is put in the baskets. sphagnum.
Looks beautiful orchid, fixed on the snag. In this case, it can be placed in a special greenhouse with bromeliads.
In nature, the dendrobium nobile grows with very bright but diffused light. In the room, especially in winter, there is a catastrophic lack of light, therefore from May to September it is better to keep orchids on the east and west windows, and in the winter on the south windows.
From time to time the pot is turned, and on cold days it is removed from the window sill. For normal development, the light day should be at least 10-15 hours. In winter, the plants are additionally illuminated with special lamps.
Species and varieties with white and pale pink flowers are less demanding, if I may say so, for lighting and when illumination grows well, even in the north-east windows.
Plants with bright red, pink, yellow flowers should be placed in the south-east, south-west, and in the winter and on the south windows, and at the same time use additional lighting.
- If a too much light, the orchid continues to grow and grow pseudobulbs, but at the same time they will be smaller, which will further affect flowering.
The orchid quickly absorbs water only with sufficient illumination; therefore, when it is reduced, watering is also reduced.
Orchids are watered after the top layer of moss or substrate dries out. In the summer, 2-3 irrigations per week are required, and in winter the plants are kept in arid conditions.
In pots, plants are watered from above, and baskets and blocks are placed in water for 3–5 minutes. It is important to ensure that moisture does not get into the pseudobulb and rosettes.
Water for irrigation should be soft, best used. boiled, with a temperature of a few degrees above the air temperature.
From April to September, fertilizer for orchids containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in equal amounts is added to the water. This should be done through two watering on the third.
Dendrobium nobile breed division of adult specimens into several parts. At the same time, on each of them 2–3 pseudobulbs and a sufficient amount of roots should remain.
The best breeding material is side shoots - the kids.
To stimulate their growth immediately after flowering they increase the humidity of the air and increase the nitrogen content in the soil. In such conditions, aerial roots develop faster.
It is possible to increase the air humidity in any way:
- Put the plant in the greenhouse.
- Place the pot in the pan with water.
- Spray the leaves regularly with warm water.
- Cover the orchid with a plastic bag.
After the roots reach 3-5 cm, the children are carefully separated from the mother plant along with a piece of the stem. This should be done with a sharp knife or scissors. Slices sprinkled crushed or activated carbon. Some flower growers recommend to plant the roots of plants for a few minutes in the water before planting in order to moisten them.
At the bottom of a small pot piled a layer of pebbles or broken bricks and half covered with substrate. Place a young plant and sprinkle the roots of the remaining soil, gently compacting it so as not to damage the fragile roots.
For greater stability, the seedling is tied to a peg or bamboo stick, securing it in an upright position. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that the growth point remained above the soil surface.
Until a noticeable growth of the aerial part begins, the substrate is kept in a moderately humid state. Later watered, like adult plants.
Pay attention to this material - Bromeliad: home care.
Features orchid dendrobium
Dendrobium orchids are predominantly epiphytes, not living in nature on the ground, but leading to existence, attached to the trunks, roots and branches of woody plants. Orchids of this genus belong to the sympodial type, that is, they form new leaf rosettes on rhizomes at the base of the old one.
The shoots of the dendrobium, at first erect, and with continued growth become lodging, covered with elliptical or linear leaves. During its life, which lasts from 2 to 4 years, the pseudobulb of the dendrobium reaches a length of one and a half meters, and then becomes bare and, having given its daughter sockets, dies.
In the sinuses of alternately growing foliage, buds of inflorescences or new shoots are formed, which are easily used when grafting for breeding Denbrobium orchids. The flowers are combined in high racemes, on which, depending on the type and maturity of the plant, from 5 to 20 corolla can unfold.
The shape of orchid flowers Dendrobium Nobile and their unique palette does not leave indifferent even the experts of this culture. Today you can find and grow plants in the room with white, lilac, orange and even variegated flowers. That is why this kind is the most valuable for flower growers all over the world.
What are the maintenance conditions for orchid derderbium nobile and home care for representatives of this unique genus?
Dendrobium: home care for the orchid
In order for the plant to bloom profusely and grow, giving new pseudobulbs, it must feel constant care and support from the grower. Dendrobium orchid care includes:
- regular watering
- top dressing
- irrigation and showers on especially hot days.
Especially frequent watering plant receives throughout the entire period of flowering and growth. But here we must take into account that the constant presence in a wet environment for the roots of an orchid is unacceptable. Substratum between watering should dry out.
The best way to water is to immerse in filtered water, the temperature of which is a couple degrees warmer than the surrounding air. At the same time, wetting of the soil can be combined with dressings by adding liquid fertilizer for the orchid to the water.
It is possible to stimulate flowering by regulating the watering and nutrient supply to the roots. With the end of the growing season, watering is reduced, and fertilizing is completely canceled until flower buds appear on the plant again. The early resumption of dendrobium, which is customary for summer care of an orchid, does not activate the development of buds, but the growth of daughter outlets.