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Geese of Kholmogory breed - description, cultivation, content

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This is one of the very first breeds that were bred in our country. It is still not known exactly from which breeds these birds originated, but there is an assumption that for this, the Chinese and Arzamas geese were crossed.

Its name, presumably, this species was in honor of the area in which it is most common. For the first time records about this breed appeared in 1885. Meanwhile, some believe that the fabulous geese and swans are precisely those same geese of the Kholmogory breed. Locals say that these birds combine swan majesty and typical goose character.

Breed description

These poultry are divided into three species. They are separated by the color of the plumage - it is gray-piegim, gray and white. Characteristic features of the Kholmogorsky goose are an elongated neck (somewhat similar to a swan's neck), a large head decorated with a cone on the forehead, a large, strongly curved, hunchbacked down and very strong beak, bright orange-yellow legs.

Kholmogory geese have a fold in the abdomen, a well-developed and deep chest, a wide, strong and heavy body, as well as a kind of “wallet”, which is located under the bird's neck.

The nature of these birds is calm. They get along well with other animals and can be in a large herd. Another feature of this breed is high acclimatization abilities. Thanks to this, they can be bred in any region of the Russian Federation.

Economic useful qualities

The main characteristics of the breed:

- young stock is preserved at 92%,

- hatchability is 52%,

- fertility rate - 81%,

- egg weight - from 0.16 to 0.22 kg,

- geese carry about 20 eggs a year, the best representatives can bring about 50 eggs,

- average weight of eight kilograms, the best representatives can reach 12 kilograms.

Kholmogorsk geese are well and quickly fed. Hackers are very caring. Birds have a high lifespan. This breed was used in breeding such breeds as Linda, Solnogorskaya, Vladimir, etc.

How to keep

Many people ask the question: "Where to buy Kholmogory geese?" This is just not a problem. As we wrote above, this breed can live in any region of our country, and finding a person selling goslings is easy. But even before acquiring chicks or adults you need to properly prepare their place of residence.

First of all, it is necessary to lay the foundation of the future goose. Be sure to ensure that the groundwater at the site will not rise one level with the floor. It is best to build a house for geese from a tree. Floors must be covered with sawdust or straw.

Many domestic birds hardly endure the cold. Holmogorsky geese are not afraid of frost, which means that the straw bedding in the roaster may not be too thick. In the meantime, you should not make cement flooring, it is better to use wood too.

Of course, there must be doors in the roaster. They should be installed on the side that is least blown. If there is a constant draft in the room, the birds will stop eating and will get very sick. It should be noted that Kholmogory geese love large spaces. The size of the future goose should be calculated according to the formula: 1 bird = 1 square meter of space. In order for the birds to walk well, equip a small and not too deep pond or pool in the courtyard.

Geese content

Kholmogorskaya goose is a beautiful, caring hen. However, in order for them to feel comfortable, it must be dry and warm in a special room. The temperature should not be below five degrees. Most often, geese rush at the end of winter, in February. Meanwhile, you can speed up this process. Properly selected artificial lighting, which will extend the daylight hours, will lead to the fact that the birds begin to be born already in January, at the beginning of the month. Therefore, if you want to place an ad with the text “selling geese of Kholmogory” before your competitors, you should seriously address this issue.

It is easy to determine that a new laying will begin soon. Geese start to behave very restlessly. Birds all the time move around the nest and scatter the straw. Watch the room temperature! If it is below zero, then the eggs must be placed in a warm place. In order for the Kholmogor geese to fly well, it is necessary to acquire several producers at once. Otherwise, laying at the hen will be cut in half.

Content of chicks

After the goslings hatch, they need to be laid on a dry mat. Nestlings will get stronger and better if the temperature in the space provided to them does not exceed +22 degrees. They start to let them go only after their paws gain stability. Make sure that the goslings do not fall on their backs, they are unable to climb on their own and may simply suffocate.

In the warm season, the amount of feed should depend on the age of the chick and the weight of its body. In the winter season it is increased.

If it's hot outside, then the birds should be near the water. In the autumn, they are transferred to goose traps, which must be painted with hydrated lime.

Should I buy Kholmogory geese?

It is easy to answer this question if we take into account the advantages and disadvantages of Kholmogorov. Here are a number of their advantages:

  1. The rapid growth of young individuals. Goslings gain weight in a short period of time.
  2. Good productivity. Kholmogory - a source of quality meat, fluff, fat and feathers.
  3. Developed maternal instinct. Kholmogory geese are good chicks.
  4. Unpretentiousness. Kholmogorsky geese do not need special conditions of detention.
  5. Strong immunity. Kholmogory rarely get sick.

Kholmogory - a source of quality meat, fluff, fat and feathers

The Kholmogory geese have several disadvantages:

  1. Love for the waters. If you are going to wind up these birds, it is advisable to build a small pond for them.
  2. The weight of the geese. When hatching, they often crush eggs.
  3. Low egg productivity. The reason lies not only in the severity of geese, but also in low egg production.

If you get geese in order to get large quantities of meat, Kholmogory would be an ideal option. This breed can be called one of the most productive, comparing with others.

Kholmogory is a great option for large quantities of meat

How to feed and maintain Kholmogory geese?

Kholmogory are not demanding on the content, but there are some nuances. Despite the fact that they are not afraid of frost, drafts can harm them. It is Kholmogory that needs to winter in a room that is not blown. In summer, Kholmogory will have a sufficiently enclosed area and a shed.

One goose of Kholmogory breed must have at least one square meter. In a smaller area, he will feel discomfort.

Requirements for the goose house

In the gooseberry should be drinking bowls and feeders. In the nearby area it is recommended to have a basin, bath or artificial reservoir, if there is no natural nearby.

In the nearby area it is recommended to have a reservoir

Dryness and hygiene are important conditions for Kholmogor. To ensure their need to take care of the litter. It is recommended to use peat or straw. Sawdust is also suitable, but a hungry Kholmogor is able to peck at them and harm their gastrointestinal tract.

Timely replacement of flooring is another condition. Geese feel good in a humid environment, but because of the wet litter feathers ruffle. This provokes colds because the feather cover in this state does not keep the temperature.

Kholmogorsky geese need good bedding

Geese Kholmogorskoy breed productive in terms of meat, but if they are improperly fed this advantage they will not. The basic rule in this case is to balance the diet. Constant feeding of Kholmogors with the same type of food is a process leading to loss of meat productivity, deterioration of egg production and health of individuals.

Feeding Kholmogory geese

There are several types of feed that must be present in the Kholmogorov diet:

  • serum,
  • cereals,
  • dry food,
  • vegetables (cabbage, rutabaga, beets, potatoes and pumpkin),
  • fish waste
  • silage,
  • grass.

Do not forget about mineral supplements. With their help, you can prevent diseases, problems of the gastrointestinal tract and increase the productivity of geese.

Feeding geese in the summer

In the summer, it will be easy to feed Kholmogorov. It is enough to take them for a walk, so that they plucked the grass. But just green food is not enough for the full development of geese, so in the evening they should be given dry food in combination with wet.

In winter, you need to give geese food three times. The more varied the diet, the better. Vegetables preferably chop thoroughly. Be sure to inspect potatoes before serving to birds. Having consumed potato sprouts, the goose may die.

To feed the little Kholmogorov need a certain way. The table shows the age and feeding rates:

How to breed Kholmogorov?

Before expecting offspring from Kholmogorov, one should pay attention to the ratio of females to males. One to four - the best option.

Checking for germ eggs

In addition, you need to accustom the hen to your nest. A good hen should sit on eggs, even in a stressful environment, so the selected individuals should be tested. Remember that eggs for incubation are not stored for more than two weeks and they must be checked with the device for the presence of the embryo.

Pay attention to the table, which indicates the required temperature for certain days of life goslings.

Very small goslings, which are several days old, have a peculiarity - they are not able to rise after a fall. Fallen juveniles should be returned to their original position, otherwise they may die.

Very little goslings should not be let out for a walk.

Quite small goslings should not be let out for a walk, even if the street temperature regime suits them. It is recommended to take them to the street from the week of age, gradually increasing the duration of their stay in the fresh air.

If the goslings consume high-quality food in the first days of life, their productivity will be very high. In the first three days of life you need to feed them seven times, and by the month it is desirable to walk up to four times.

How to choose and transport goslings?

It is possible to purchase goslings of the Kholmogorsk breed almost without fear, because almost one hundred percent of the youngsters survive. But it is worth remembering several distinctive features of healthy individuals:

  1. Mobility. Healthy goslings of any breed fuss and rarely stand still. Try to throw a piece of paper into their cage. After that, healthy individuals will react, and the weak will not do anything.
  2. Good appetite. Small healthy goslings consume a lot of food.
  3. The reaction to the sound. Healthy individuals bustle after knocking or ringing.
  4. Good quality fluff. In goslings, it should be brilliant and without gaps.
  5. Soft abdomen and closed umbilical cord. In patients with goslings in the abdomen there are irregularities.

Transportation of goslings in the household container

Homemade container for transporting goslings

Sample boxes for the transport of goslings

For transportation, a regular box will fit, inside which holes should be made. The size of the box should be large so that individuals do not crush each other. If the bottom is soft and falling, you need to seal it. Ignoring the condition can lead to injuries and death to the goslings.

Diseases and problems Kholmogorov

Geese of this breed rarely get sick and cause anxiety, but some problems are still possible:

  1. Cannibalism. Too bright light, lack of vitamins and minerals, close space - the main provocateurs of this problem. Having noticed the birds that are pecked, it is necessary to isolate it from the others and eliminate the dangerous factor.
  2. Rickets. Ricken geese are distinguished by their soft bones and beak, as well as they carry eggs with soft shells. In order to eliminate the problem, you need to release geese in the sun, give them fish oil, vitamin D and yeast.
  3. Poisoning. Geese suffer from poisoning after eating substandard or unsuitable food. The main features in this case include cramps, vomiting, fussy behavior, diarrhea and fluid intake in large quantities. In the form of funds for the treatment can be applied very weak acetic solution, vodka and vegetable oil.
  4. Parasites. The presence of louseflies is easily identified by low egg productivity and poor development. It is necessary to disinfect the cages and the birds themselves, and then lubricate the fluff with a special ointment.

The appearance of the breed

The classification of breeds in modern poultry farming depends on the weight of mature birds and is divided:

  • heavy - Kholmogory, Landsky, large gray and Toulouse geese,
  • for medium (decorative) - tape, Sevastopol curly and crested geese,
  • lungs (oviparous) - Kuban, Italian, allergic and Chinese geese.

Due to its unpretentiousness in feeding, resistance to various diseases and the powerful constitution, the leading place within the first class of birds, is deservedly given to the Kholmogory geese. This breed was bred by popular breeding by crossing white local geese with Chinese. It is one of the oldest in the Central region of Russia. Kholmogory geese can acclimatize to virtually any weather conditions, while their productivity will not decrease. Endurance and unpretentiousness of the breed is due to the selection, which was carried out in conditions of grazing on pastures and is aimed at increasing the mass of the individual.

Description and characteristics

Based on the characteristics of the breed standards, Kholmogory geese have a long straight back, a wide rounded chest, and strong body type with a horizontally set massive body. The peculiarity that is a pronounced sign of this breed is a growth on the forehead of a cone-shaped dark color in gray or pinto birds, orange in birds with white plumage, as well as the presence of a curved beak.

Another distinguishing feature of Kholmogory geese is the presence of two folds on the belly and a subclavicular fold, which is often called a “wallet”. The beak is orange-yellow, with metatarsus red-yellowish.

Adult males can reach up to 12 kilograms in weight, females up to 8 kilograms. On average, egg production varies up to 30 eggs per year, while the average weight of one egg is about 180–200 grams. Slaughter takes place at about 9 weeks. At this point, young goslings weigh 4–4.5 kilograms, due to their ability to gain weight quickly.

Specificationswhich advantageously distinguish Kholmogory geese from other breeds:

  • high immunity to diseases
  • the rapid growth of young individuals
  • simplicity in growing conditions
  • pasture content
  • geese of this breed has maternal instinct, therefore they are good hens,
  • high quality meat, feather, fluff and fat.

TO negative The breeds of geese of hillsides include:

  • low egg production
  • priority - the presence of a reservoir,
  • goose due to its heavy weight often crush eggs.

Nevertheless, the listed properties in full can be compensated by the correct conditions for the maintenance of this undemanding breed.

Not only the optimal growth rate of the bird's biomass, but also the quality of egg production, and, consequently, healthy offspring, if it is in the plans, depends on proper nutrition. With the observance of the rules for breeding Kholmogory geese, in winter, geese start to lay eggs in February.

During this period, one individual should be 0.13–0.16 kilograms of grain feed. Including 0.1–0.15 kilograms of ground hay of leguminous crops, 0.3–0.5 kilograms of root crops (beets, carrots, potatoes), as well as 0.05–0.07 kilograms of whole grains. As an additive, you can use 0.05-0.1 kilograms of sauerkraut. It is necessary to add premixes in food in order to improve the reproductive system and prevent metabolic diseases.

In the feeders must constantly attend crushed chalk and gravel. Root seed is prepared mash, and dry food are steaming. In the morning and in the evening, the ration consists of wet food, in the evening - cereals.

Every day, adult geese eat about 2 kilograms of grass, in spring and summer they are driven out to pasture. The rapid increase in live weight can be achieved if you feed the herd on the stubble after harvesting grain. The presence of a reservoir near pasture significantly facilitates bird care in warm seasons, as during this period they need a large amount of clean water for proper digestion of food. If there is none, an alternative is the construction of awnings from the sun or light canopies. In those places you can arrange swimming tanks and vessels with clean water.

Breeding

Future breeders of such a breed as the Kholmogory geese should keep in mind that their breeding requires patience and a certain skill. Within a month, it is possible to bring up to 15 small goslings, while respecting the generally accepted regulations:

  • яйца для инкубации не должны храниться больше, чем 15 дней,
  • соотношение мужских и женских особей в стаде должны быть не более 1:4,
  • conducting a test under conditions of stress factors for the goose’s ability not to leave clutch,
  • to teach the goose to hatch eggs in its nest.

Immediately after the formation of the egg and during the first three weeks of life, the small goslings should be especially attentive to the temperature regime. For the first few days, chicks need to be supervised, since during this period they cannot rise independently after a fall, which is a mortal danger for them.

The guarantee of the development of a healthy bird, regardless of its further purpose, is a high-quality feed that makes up diet baby bird in the early period of life. In accordance with age, the frequency of feeding should be observed. In the first three days of life, it is 6–7 times a day, then - 4 times by three weeks.

The rapid growth during this period provides a variety of feed. For the first three days of life, cottage cheese or chopped eggs are suitable, which can be mixed with a finely sliced ​​green and ground grain. After 3-4 days, you can enter into the diet of mineral feed, oilcake and root vegetables. In order to avoid diseases that can cause the sticky structure of the feed, food should be moist, but crumbly.

Starting from the week, chicks can be sent to walking. The walk time is 20–30 minutes, and by two months it can be a whole day. The cost of growing one bird is: 30 kilograms of green mass, 3 kilograms of cake, 10 kilograms of grain feed when grown in the yard, with the age of an individual up to two months.

Based on the feedback from experienced poultry farmers, it can be concluded that the geese of the Kholmogory quickly gain a living weight, are distinguished by their quiet disposition and responsible attitude to the offspring. In order to ensure the relevance of this breed, it is worth visiting any forum of poultry farmers.

"Special signs" thoroughbred Kholmogor

The main difference between the geese of the Kholmogory breed is the orange bump above the beak and the cute “beard”, which is also called the “wallet”. But these beauties are valued not at all for their attractiveness.

Kholmogorsk geese are large birds with a long neck, a biconvex sternum and an oblong body. Plumage is thick, often white, less often spotted or gray. The beak is orange, quite powerful, a little crooked.

Females usually weigh 8-6 kg, and the lighter it is, the higher is its egg production. On average, 1 Kholmogory goose per year blows 30 eggs, which is several times less than that of egg breeds.

Males are larger and taller than females, 8-12 kg. In 2-2.5 months, goslings weigh 4-4.5 kg, but they reach sexual maturity only in the third year of life, when the fertility rate of eggs is 80% or more.

Kholmogorsk geese are long-lived. The average duration of their life is 15-17 years.

But little geese do not have these signs yet, and it is almost impossible to distinguish them from other, less valuable breeds. A bump above the beak appears only by 5-6 months, and the wallet is even later. Therefore, if you decide to buy young animals, it is better to do this from a trusted, large supplier.

What should be the diet?

In order for the poultry industry to bring a stable income, it is necessary to always take into account seasonality and periods of egg production. Kholmogorsk geese begin to rush in February. Therefore, from this month you need to carefully monitor the diet of the herd.

According to the standard, for each unit of livestock of geese of meat breed there should be 130-160 g of compound feed: 50-70 g of whole grains, 100-150 g of ground bean hay or foliage from it, and 30-50 g of root crops.

You can feed with cabbage and premix for the prevention of vitamin deficiency and metabolic disorders. Experienced poultry farmers recommend leaving bowls filled with sand, dry clay and chalk for comfortable digestion and durable shells.

They feed the geese two or three times a day: it is better to give succulent feed in the morning and evening, and grain for the night. You should also take into account one feature: the peak of the state of hunger at Kholmogor falls at dawn. Therefore, if you want the bird to grow well, but at the same time get some sleep in the morning, then in the evening feed the farm “with a reserve”.

Holmogorsky goslings - strong and "tenacious". They are not picky about food and do not cause much trouble.

In the first two or three days they can be fed boiled eggs and ground grain. Then gradually add chopped grass, cottage cheese, cake to the diet. But the mash must be non-sticky so as not to obstruct the nasal passages of the young. And the week-old goslings can be let out to graze with the whole herd and feed as adults.

Conditions of detention

The room, which will contain the Kholmogory geese, should be quite spacious: 1 m2 for each head of the flock. Then it will be easy to keep the floor clean and dry. Otherwise, the bird may get sick.

But in warm climatic conditions, where geese spend most of their time outdoors, the floor space can be reduced by half.

It is advisable to build the walls and floor of the goose from wood and sheathe it inside with plywood, OSB or other similar material so that the geese do not pluck out the compactor, which is usually placed between logs. The location of the doors and windows should be such that there are no permanent drafts.

The optimal area of ​​the territory for walking is determined at the rate of 5-6 meters per 1 goose. It is advisable to have a natural or artificial reservoir nearby, but this is not necessary.

How to breed Kholmogory geese

In order for the herd of farmers to be replenished with young, you can buy new goslings annually, or you can be patient and, precisely following certain recommendations, breed your own:

  • the ratio of males and females in the herd should correspond to the ratio of 1: 4,
  • for the nest box suitable tightly lined with straw, size 70x70,
  • each goose must be carried separately
  • before incubation of the egg you need to check for fertilization,
  • A goose whom you trust to incubate chicks should not leave the nest, even in a stressful situation.

Hatching goslings need to be deposited in a box with a side of at least 25 cm. Be sure to provide heating (a lamp, a heating pad or a fireplace).

After a week, when the chicks are getting stronger and will switch to adult food, they can be admitted to the mother. This should be done at night so that the goose does not reject the little ones.

Breed popularity and approximate price in Russia

Back in the beginning of the 19th century, a breed of Kholmogory geese was bred by the breeders of the central black earth part of Russia. “Chinese” and local whites were chosen for crossing. Since then, their popularity has not only faded away, but also gaining strength with each passing year. There is even a site where a separate database of breeders is created who breed precisely kholmogorov.

Due to its excellent ability to acclimatize, this breed has become widespread throughout the country: in the Oryol, Bryansk, Voronezh, Belgorod, Kursk, Omsk, Vladimirov regions, the republic of Udmurtia. The price of 4-month geese averages 2000 p., Adults - 3500 p., Diurnal goslings - from 200 r., Eggs under an incubator 180 p.

Features Kholmogory geese

It is very difficult to say in which year the breed was bred, but the first mention of it was found in a document created at the end of the 19th century.

It is believed that Kholmogory - the result of the crossing of Chinese geese with Arzamas. Most likely, the breed was named after the distribution area.

Kholmogory breed refers to the meat-meat

Kholmogory breed refers to the heavy (meat-meat). Kholmogorov has a strong constitution, a long broad neck, white or white-gray plumage, a bulging chest and developed leather folds on it. Beak and paws have a rich orange color. In the third year of geese, they have a fold under the beak and a lump on the forehead.

There are two lines of Kholmogory geese. Representatives of the first one have a long beak with a hump and drooping feathers on the wings. The representatives of the second line is not too long dark beak.

The head of the Kholmogorsky goose close up

Kholmogory live relatively long. They are able to exist in suitable conditions for them up to seventeen years. In three years Kholmogory geese can acquire offspring.

Kholmogory is not famous for good egg production. Thirty eggs per year is a standard figure. About eighty percent of Kholmogory geese eggs are fertilized. After incubation, goslings hatch from half of the eggs. It is worth noting that almost all of them live to sexual maturity, the mortality of young animals is a rare phenomenon.

Characteristic Kholmogory geese

History Kholmogorsky goose

These geese can be called one of the most valuable ancient Russian breeds. They were domesticated by people inhabiting the Black Soil Zone around the eastern European borders of Russia. Birds were widespread in a wide range - from Voronezh to the Rostov region.

In modern poultry breeding, domestic geese are classified according to the weight of an adult bird.

  1. Heavy and large (meat, meat and meat).
  2. Moderate (ornamental, meat and egg).
  3. Lungs (only oviparous).

The Kholmogory breed belongs to the first group, and occupies one of the leading places in it.

Geese of Kholmogorskaya breed are considered large, heavy

The people tamed the Kholmogory geese, thanks to a folk selection, the final breed, called Kholmogory geese, was bred. Enthusiastic breeders from Central Russia crossed Chinese geese with local domesticated geese. The selection was conducted “in the old manner” to increase the mass in conditions of free grazing. This allowed as a result to bring out a hardy, unpretentious, disease-resistant, highly acclimatizing, productive breed.

Once, geese-kholmogory were popular throughout Eastern and Central Russia, but now they have become a rare breed. The decline in their popularity may be due to several reasons.

  1. Kholmogory geese were originally considered a game geese or a breed for amateurs.
  2. The disadvantage of the breed has always been considered low rates of reproduction (even despite the large size).
  3. For a long time, poultry farmers crossed Kholmogor with other breeds to increase egg production and the size of the average bird.

The result is that the original breed is blurred; out of purebred kholmogors, an ordinary yard bird has practically turned out, having lost its best qualities.

Geese kholmogorskoy breed

By the way. Kholmogorsk geese were used to create new breed groups, such as Vladimirskaya, Solnechnogorskaya and Lindovskaya.

Breed performance

During the year, Kholmogory geese produce 30-45 eggs weighing from 180 to 200 grams. They are good hens, hatchability is 50%, of which up to 90% survive.

Chicks quickly gain weight and in 9 weeks already weigh up to 4.5 kg. The maximum weight of adult gander reaches 12 kg, geese - up to 8 kg.

Upon reaching the age of three, geese of this breed may already acquire offspring. Their life expectancy in suitable conditions can reach 17 years. They adapt well to different conditions due to their acclimatization abilities.

Feeding Kholmogory

From the proper nutrition of geese depends on the rate of weight gain and bird health. To grow healthy Kholmogory, feeding characteristics must be correlated with the season and egg production.

The geese start to rush from February, during this period the birds need about 160 g of feed, which should contain grains, legumes, chopped hay and roots. Gander in the breeding season reduces the weight, so their diet should contain food of animal origin: cottage cheese, raw eggs, meat and bone meal.

Feeders must contain chalk and gravel. In the morning the geese will be useful wet food, and in the evening dry. In order for the birds to digest food well, they must have plenty of drink.

In spring and summer, Kholmogory residents need to walk to pasture, where they can eat up to 2 kilograms of grass per day.

Features of the content of goslings

The correctness of feeding and maintenance of chicks of Kholmogory breed depends on their age:

  • diurnal goslings. Before feeding, they must be allowed to dry, then immediately give food. In the first three days they need to be fed 4-6 times a day, giving them boiled eggs and crushed grain. It is necessary to keep the chicks in a tall box so that they cannot get out of it on their own. A lamp is installed above the goslings to maintain a temperature of + 28-29 ° C. One square meter of territory is designed for 10 goslings,
  • goslings age from 4 days to a month. In four-day chicks, the temperature in their box should be maintained at + 27 ° C, from the sixth day of life - about + 25 ° C, from 8 to 10 days it should be + 24 ° C, from 11 to 15 days - + 22 ° C . On all subsequent days, the temperature should be maintained at + 18 ° C. Starting from the second week, they should be given food as adult hill mounts; you can add grass to the diet. At the same time they should be let to the mother,
  • geese from a month and older. At this stage, it is necessary to introduce into the diet protein of plant origin, good sources of this substance - nettle and peas. Feeding is carried out 4 times a day. There should be no more than two chicks per square meter.

Immunity of the goslings is not yet strong, so the chicks can be exposed to a variety of infections. This can save them from diseases such as salmonellosis, cholera, pasteurellosis and others.

Goslings are usually vaccinated at the age of 3-4 weeks, but it is necessary to take into account such factors as the composition of the vaccine, the degree of spread of the disease and the presence of immunity in parents.

Health and Diseases

Geese of the Kholmogory breed are in good health and live up to 17 years, however, if they do not comply with quality care, they may have health problems.

The main points that you should pay close attention to when raising these birds:

  • drafts. Because of them, geese can get sick and, as a result, die
  • tightness If the geese do not respect the correct size of the room, they will start having problems with their legs. If possible, you need to walk the birds and let them swim.

Among the diseases of Kholmogory residents are:

  1. Rickets. In representatives of the breed with this disease, the bones and beak become soft, the geese carry eggs with soft shells. To cure geese, it is necessary to provide them walks under the sun, enter into the diet of fish oil, yeast and vitamin D.
  2. Parasites. Individuals with parasites develop poorly, they have low egg productivity. In this case, you need to disinfect the birds and their cages, and then process their fluff with a special ointment.
  3. Food poisoning. This can happen if the Kholmogorsk residents have used poor quality or inappropriate feed. They may experience convulsions, vomiting, diarrhea, high fluid intake. Treat birds with a weak solution of vinegar, vodka and vegetable oil.

How to choose and where to buy geese

It is necessary to buy geese for breeding only in proven farms with positive reviews, otherwise there is a risk to buy a fake.

Kholmogory characterized by good survival of the young, but when choosing a goose, be sure to carefully look at these points:

  • mobility. Healthy chicks are distinguished by constant bustle and restlessness. To check, you can throw a piece of paper in the box, healthy goslings will react to it, and the weak will not pay attention,
  • excellent appetite. Health friendly chicks eat a lot,
  • soft tummy and closed umbilical cord. In unhealthy chicks on the stomach can be found irregularities,
  • down Healthy goslings have a shiny down without a bald spot,
  • reaction to the sound. You can knock on the box, and healthy chicks fuss.

How to transport birds

It is possible to transport the acquired goslings in a usual box with the holes made inside. The box must be large in size so that the chicks do not harm each other. The bottom should not be soft and fall, otherwise the birds may be injured and die.

Adult individuals are transported in special wire containers or cages. In no case should you knit the hill hills and put them in a bag. It is necessary to give them water before transportation and immediately give a drink upon arrival.

Kholmogory geese are unpretentious in their care and responsibly treat offspring. Adhering to proper care, you can grow healthy Kholmogory with good weight and a high level of egg-laying geese.

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