Onion batun is a popular perennial vegetable garden of the lily family, which is easy to breed. It is unpretentious in care and resistant to frost without a transplant. Due to its frost resistance, the batun gives early verdure in spring, when the snow melts. Greens can be used in salads and main dishes.
Description and characteristics of onion batun
Externally, the batun is difficult to distinguish from onions. It has the same leaves with a pipe, but its size is larger and longer. The bulb of a batun is not the same as that of bulb onions, but a false bulb (small thickening). therefore grow it just for the green.
Batun is the source:
- essential oils
- salts of iron, potassium and magnesium.
Varieties for growing and planting in open ground
The most famous varieties are "May", "April", "Tenderness" and "Salad-35".
The last three are early varieties. They even survive snowless winters. April strongly branched, in May large bright green leaves begin to grow. Not susceptible to disease.
May - late grade. Also frost resistant. Shoots appear late. Excellent branches. Harvesting - from May to June.
Variety Russian winter also frost resistant and gives a high yield. Approximately 30 days pass from germination to harvest. Sowing on seedlings is carried out in late autumn or in April / May. When planting seeds to plant every 14 days, you will always have greens on the table.April Grade
Terms of planting seeds in the spring
In the middle lane begin to sow June-July. This is a very suitable time interval for landing. Shoots will be friendly and fast, the plants will survive the winter safely. With proper cultivation in the open field, the crop will be as much as you want.
And when sowing in early spring in July-August, the batun will delight with its green leaves.
Site selection and soil preparation
To grow it needs fertile rich soil (sandy loam, loam, black soil) and a lot of sun. The plot before planting or sowing is prepared in the fall. Mineral fertilizers, humus, manure and compost are applied.
Onions grow well and will sprout well if the soil is nutritious and contains a lot of humus, as well as in those areas where they previously grew potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage.If the soil is nutritious and loose - onion batun grows well
Earth must be well dug before planting.
How to plant and sow seeds
Soil dig deep before sowing, the remains of vegetation and roots of weeds are removed, fertilized, the seeds are soaked in a solution of micronutrients. Seeds will germinate more easily and yield will be higher. Avoid seed sowing - this will make sowing difficult.
The prepared beds abundantly moisten and deepen the onion by 1.5-2 cm. The row spacing should be 25-30 cm.
At moderate air temperature, the first shoots will spill in 14-18 days. At warmer temperatures, they will appear earlier.
If the onions are planted or sown as an annual plant, sowing is carried out in early spring, and by next year the plants are completely removed. But you can plant in summer and autumn. The main thing that the onions did not start to sprout in the winter, and that will perish. You can harvest at different times, depending on the time of planting. Perennials are planted in the fall.
When the soil warms up up to 5-10 degrees sow onions. The soil is gently compacted. The beds can be covered with something that retains heat, for example, with a film.
After 8-10 days, the first shoots appear. Conduct the first loosening. So that the thick shoots do not interfere with each other, they must be thinned out. Plants should divide 6-9 cm.