General information

Walnuts are the best varieties

Of the varied cultivated varieties, walnut forms, preference should be given to winter-hardy, fast-growing, high-yielding plants with high-quality fruits. Important factors are also resistance to pests and diseases, its adaptability to local soil and climatic conditions. Walnut varieties, the descriptions of which will be given below, were developed by the North Caucasus Zonal Research Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture (Krasnodar). They are recommended for laying the gardens of farms, peasant farms, as well as for planting on the summer cottages of the Krasnodar Territory.

Walnut variety

Zoned in the Krasnodar Territory. A tree of moderate growth, rather winter-hardy, moderately resistant to brown spot (marson). Skoroplodny. Fruiting occurs in the 4-5th year after planting. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. Blossoms - the end of April and the beginning of May. Nuts ripen in the second decade of September. Annual crops are high: 24-28 kg of dry walnuts are harvested from trees of 12 years old in the Krasnodar Territory. The average weight of a single fruit is 8.7 g, the yield of the kernel is 51.8%, the fat content is 69.7%, the shell thickness is 1 mm.

Advantages: one of the best zoned varieties of walnut for widespread cultivation, especially valuable for home gardening.

Walnut variety Dawn of the East

Zoned in the Krasnodar Territory. Included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. A tree of restrained growth, relatively winter-hardy, moderately resistant to brown spot. The variety is early ripening. Begins to bear fruit from 4-5 years. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. It blooms early - the third decade of April - the beginning of May, the fruits ripen together, but late - the end of September. Fruiting regularly. The yield of 10-12 summer trees is high - 22-24 kg of dry walnuts. Fruits of medium size, the average weight of one is 9 g, the yield of the kernel is 55, 4%, the oil content is 69, 3%, the shell thickness is 0.9 mm. One of the best varieties for home gardening.

Advantages: valuable for its high, regular fruiting, suitable for widespread breeding.

Walnut Variety Breeder

It is in state testing. The variety of moderate growth, annually bears fruit, gives thin-walled nuts. Relatively resistant to brown spot. Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood average. Skoroplodny. Begins to bear fruit at 4-5 year after planting. Type of fruiting - apical. It blooms in late April-early May, ripens in early September. From 8-10-year-old trees harvested up to 16-20 kg of crop. Fruit weight - 11.6 g, core yield - 55%, oil content - 71.2%, shell thickness - 1.1 mm.

Advantages: For Kuban is a good grade.

Walnut variety Aurora

Zoned in the Krasnodar Territory. Included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in all areas of cultivation of culture. The variety is vigorous, relatively winter-hardy, and is slightly affected by brown spot. Blossoms - the end of April and the beginning of May. Fruiting occurs at 4-5 years after planting, quickly increasing the crop over the years. The type of fruiting is apical-lateral, the yield of 10-12-year-old trees is 18-24 kg of dry walnuts. The fruits ripen in the third decade of September. Weight - 12.8 g, kernel yield - 54.8%, oil content - 68.8%, shell thickness - 0.9 mm.

Advantages: it has good commercial, consumer qualities of fruits, regular annual fruit bearing, it is recommended for laying industrial plantations.

Walnut grade Five-Year Plan

It is in state testing. The variety is vigorous, skoroplodny, with high field resistance to brown spot, regularly bears fruit. Drought resistant Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood above average. It blooms late - the first and second decade of May. Fruits appear at 4-5 year after planting. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. From 8-10-year-old trees are harvested up to 18-20 kg of crop. The fruits ripen in the third decade of September. The weight of a walnut is 9.1 g, the kernel yield is 56.9%, the oil content is 67.6%, the shell thickness is 1.0 mm.

Advantages: For Kuban is a good grade.

Walnut variety State Farm

The variety is vigorous, fairly winter-hardy, resistant to drought, weakly affected by pests and diseases. Begins to bear fruit at 4-5 year after planting. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. It blooms - the end of April and the beginning of May, the fruits ripen in the third decade of September. Productivity - up to 17-22 kg of dry walnuts from a tree (age 10 years). Plants quickly increase their yield.

Fruits are medium to medium sized, weighing up to 10 g. Contain up to 54% of the core and up to 65% of fat. The thickness of the walnut shell is about 1 mm.

Advantages: well established itself in plantation plantations and especially in home gardening.

Walnut variety Pelan

Zoned in the North Caucasus region (Krasnodar Territory, the Republic of Adygea). The variety is vigorous, fast-growing (produces fruits for 4-5 years), quite winter-hardy, drought-resistant, poorly affected by marsson. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. It blooms - the end of April and the beginning of May, the fruits ripen in the third decade of September. Productivity is good. regular (up to 20-24 kg of dry walnuts from a tree).

Fruits of medium size, average weight - 9.5 g (maximum - 10.5 g), core yield - 56.3%, oil content - 68.2%, shell thickness - 1 mm.

Advantages: one of the best Kuban varieties, suitable for widespread breeding.

Walnut Grade Dessert

Zoned in the Krasnodar Territory. Vigorous tree with a spreading rounded-oval crown. The variety is skoroplodny, drought-resistant, walnuts have an excellent presentation. The successful ratio of protein and fat enhances the dessert qualities of the core. Brown spot is slightly affected. Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood is not high enough. It blooms early - the end of April. Fruiting occurs at 4-5 year after planting. Type of fruiting - apical. Fruits on a good agricultural background annually. Productivity - 20-22 kg from a tree. The fruits ripen in the first to second decade of September. The walnut mass is 12.6 g, the kernel yield is 47.5%, the oil content is 69.3%, the shell thickness is 1.0 mm.

Advantages: it is distinguished by its precociousness, early ripening of fruits of good quality, it is recommended for widespread cultivation, it is especially valuable for amateur gardening.

Walnut variety Petrosyan

Zoned in the Krasnodar Territory. Vigorous tree with a rounded spherical crown. The variety is skoroplodny, drought-resistant, gives products of high commodity, taste. Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood is not high enough. Resistance to brown spot - medium. It blooms early - the end of April. The variety is homogamous, that is, the flowering of male and female flowers occurs simultaneously. Begins to bear fruit at 4-5 year after planting. Type of fruiting - apical. The fruits ripen late - in late September. On a good agricultural background fruits regularly. Productivity - 20-22 kg from a tree. The walnut mass is 11.8 g, the kernel yield is high - 60.6%, the oil content is 71.4%, the shell thickness is 0.8 mm.

Advantages: belongs to the most valuable Kuban varieties, suitable for widespread cultivation, especially valuable for farming and home gardening.

Walnut Grade Elegant

Zoned in the Krasnodar Territory. Vigorous tree with a large wide-oval crown. The variety is regularly fruiting, drought-resistant, slightly damaged by brown spot, produces high product, taste qualities. Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood above average. It blooms early - the end of April. Begins to bear fruit for 5-6 years after planting. Type of fruiting - apical. The fruits ripen in the second decade of September. Productivity - 18-20 kg from a tree. The walnut mass is 12.5 g, the kernel yield is 54.1%, the oil content is 67.6%, the shell thickness is 1.2 mm.

Advantages: it is distinguished by high commodity qualities of fruits; it is recommended for laying industrial plantations.

Walnut variety Krasnodar

It is in state testing. A vigorous tree with a thick, widely rounded crown, periodically clarification is required. A variety of moderate growth, slightly damaged by brown spot, regularly bears fruit, gives walnuts high commodity, taste qualities. Drought resistant Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood average. It blooms early - mid-April-early May. Fruiting begins in the 4-5th year of life. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral.

The fruits ripen in late September. Yield up to 18-20 kg of dry walnuts from a tree of 10 years of age. The average weight is 12.7 g, the core yield is 49.1%, the oil content is 70.1%, and the shell thickness is 1.2 mm.

Advantages: very large, tasty fruits, especially valuable for home gardening.

Walnut: description

Many have seen this powerful deciduous tree. It has a developed root system. The fruits of this tree are dry drupes that have fleshy inedible pluses. They dry out and crack when ripe. In size fruits are small, large or medium. Their shape depends on the type of tree - round, oval, oval-oblong, oblong-squeezed from the sides, ovoid, etc.

The shell has an almost smooth, finely and large-leafed, sometimes hilly, surface with numerous cells. All varieties of walnuts are both moisture-and heat-loving crops that can grow and yield only in warm, southern regions, prefer wetlands. A nut grows and develops well where the average annual air temperature is at least +10 ° C, and in the warmest month the air warms up to +25 ° C. That is why in the middle lane most of the fruits of the walnut do not have time to ripen.

To date, there are many varieties and varieties of this tree, characterized by resistance to small frosts and diseases and a pleasant taste. Many of them give a wonderful harvest.

How to plant a tree?

Description of walnut varieties today can be found in all publications on gardening, so every summer resident can try to grow this tree on his site. Any soil is suitable for it. It is important to dig a hole, the depth of which will be at least a meter, and the diameter - about fifty centimeters. Before moving the seedlings into the pit, put them in water for two days. If you do it right, after three or four years, the tree will delight you with the first harvest.

Popular varieties

Gardeners of our country note several varieties that are in high demand and are considered the best. They are selected according to several criteria. Of particular value are nuts with thin shells, large round shapes.

Today, 21 varieties of walnut are cultivated in our country. However, some of them are grown more often than others. These primarily include varieties such as “ideal” and “giant”. We will tell about them in more detail below. In the regions of Russia, where the winter is not too harsh, planted forms are planted, which were obtained by breeders from the Tashkent region.

Walnut: ideal variety

In the fifties of the last century, S. S. Kalmykov, a breeder from Fergana, developed a new variety of nut. He begins to bear fruit in the fifth year. Walnut (“ideal” variety) has inflorescences that form a brush, on which several nuts appear at once. The main feature of this variety is the possibility of a second flowering with a lot of ovaries of nuts.

By the time of receipt of this variety, a series of articles appeared on magazines, produced in Fergana. Many varieties of S. S. Kalmykov began to bear fruit at the age of two. They were short (no more than 2 m), while 10-18 fruits were tied in the hand. These articles caused a stir among gardeners. The famous breeder began to receive letters from all over the Soviet Union.

A rather large walnut of the “ideal” variety has won recognition from Russian gardeners with high frost resistance. It maintains frosts down to -35 degrees. Seeds are planted in the fall in the ground to a depth of 10 centimeters. At the end of June (next year) the first shoots appear, and by the fall the sapling grows to fifty centimeters. It is important that there is no need to shelter young trees for the winter.

“Ideal” needs an abundance of sunlight, it suffers poor shading. Well, the tree develops and grows on loamy carbonate soils, moderately moist. The tree has a strong, wide root system, so the nut should be planted away from various buildings. Flowering begins in May, the fruit can be collected at the end of September. The flowers are collected in inflorescences, from which clusters of nuts are formed.

After three years, the nut begins to bear fruit. Growing up, the tree increases productivity. It grows to an average of five meters. Differs in a good harvest (120 kg). These figures refer to an adult plant (12 years old). The mass of kernels is on average 10-12 grams.

Walnut varieties, which are in demand in our country today, adequately represent the early ripe dessert. This tree is medium in size (3 meters in height), with a spreading crown.

The variety is drought tolerant, the tree brings sweet-tasting fruits in a powerful shell. This variety is intended for cultivation in the south of our country, because in severe frosts, flower buds and wood of a tree are affected. In the fourth year after planting, the tree begins to bear fruit. This variety is characterized by stable and abundant crops. The fruits ripen in mid-September. On average, up to 25 kg of nuts are removed from one tree. The mass of kernels is up to 15 grams. This variety can be attributed to the large-fruited.

Black walnut

This is a wind-pollinated monoecious plant. The height of the tree reaches fifty meters. The length of the plumose leaves reaches forty centimeters with a width of twenty centimeters. They have a pronounced balsamic smell. This tree is bearing fruit in the tenth year.

The fruit of black walnut is covered with thick, durable skin. They are larger than traditional ones, and their core is much darker, has numerous furrows. The peel of a black nut is rich in vitamins (especially vitamin C).

The black walnut kernel contains proteins, carbohydrates and oils. The leaves of this tree and the pericarp are used in the manufacture of certain drugs (in particular for dietary supplements).

Black walnut is a light-loving plant. To heat is not particularly demanding. It is a winter-hardy variety, however, in the first years after planting, the plant is sensitive to frost. Therefore, at this time it is recommended to cover. Black walnut tolerates excessive moisture, flooding the soil withstands for 1.5 months.

The soil for this variety is preferably neutral or slightly alkaline. It should be mulched and loose. The tree needs protection from the wind.

Walnut varieties, the photos of which you can see in this article, ripen at different times. "Graceful" refers to the medium, because it bears fruit at the end of September. The tree reaches a height of five meters, has a powerful structure and a dense, well leafy crown.

Characteristic features of this species are drought tolerance and natural immunity to many diseases and pests. The plant tolerates frost moderately: wood and flower buds are affected only during severe frosts.

The first harvest appears in the fifth year. One tree gives more than twenty kilograms of fruit, with good taste. Kernel weight - 11 grams.

This is a fairly tall tree (up to 6 meters in height) and has a wide oval crown. Fruiting usually begins in the fourth year. Variety refers to mid-season, because the nuts ripen in late September.

The variety is winter-resistant and poorly sensitive to brown spot and other diseases. Differs in good regular productivity. About thirty kilograms of fruits are harvested from one tree. Kernel with great taste, weighing 9-11 grams.

"Abundant"

Some varieties of walnut begin to bear fruit in the fourth year. An example of this is "abundant." The tree has a maximum height of five meters. This variety does not tolerate negative temperatures, so it should not be planted in the northern regions of the country. It should be noted that it is resistant to a very common disease - brown spot.

Nuts are formed by clusters - 3 fruits each. Sometimes a bunch of eight or more nuts. Wood has a high yield - up to 30 kilograms of nuts with a kernel mass of 12 grams. This variety is very fond of gardeners because of their great taste.

Walnut varieties "giant" is a bit similar to the "ideal", but fruiting of this tree comes in the sixth year. The tree grows surprisingly fast and reaches a height of five meters. It has a lush crown, rounded large fruit (10 grams). The crop gives regularly, mainly on the apical branches. About a hundred kilograms of fruits with a thin shell are harvested from the tree. The plant is resistant to many diseases that are characteristic of walnuts (for example, to brown spot).

Giant varieties

According to experts, one of the largest varieties is a variety of “bomb” (Moldavia). Its fruit weighs thirty grams. Благодаря толстой кожуре такой плод выглядит значительно больше истинного веса – в стандартный 250-граммовый стакан с трудом умещаются два ореха.

Сейчас ученые работают над его селекцией. Выведены и другие интересные сорта – «рудаковский», «прикарпатский», «буковинский 2». Появился даже сорт, который назвали «буковинская бомба». Тут явно прослеживается намек на размер молдавского ореха.

The fruits of new varieties bred in Ukraine are smaller - their weight does not exceed twenty grams. It should be noted, and good frost-resistant varieties "Stanislavsky", "Tula thin-crested". They give nuts weighing more than fifteen grams.

Kalarashsky

Walnut varieties are becoming popular not only because of the size of the fruit. No less important are the taste of the product.
This is a vigorous tree with a thick rounded crown. It blooms quite early. It has protependrichny type of flowering. This means that the staminate flowers bloom about seven days earlier than the pistillate ones. For this tree, the best pollinator is Skinosky variety.

Nuts are very large. The average fruit weight reaches nineteen grams. The shape is round, slightly ribbed, with a rounded top and a flat base. The shell is not very thin, dense. The kernel is large, when breaking the nut is completely separated. Film core yellow. The core is oily, with a pleasant taste.

"Memory of Minov"

Not all large-fruited walnut varieties are widespread in our country. For example, this wonderful variety of medium ripening. It belongs to the large-fruited species of walnut.

The tree grows quickly, it is powerful, with a crown of medium thickness. Homogamous flowering. Fruits mostly ripen on the apical branches. Regular fruiting occurs in the sixth year after planting. Walnut large-fruited varieties "memory of Minov" is very large, slightly flattened, slightly ribbed. The average mass of the core is 15.2 grams, the maximum is 18.5 grams. Walnut has a thin shell, its thickness is 1.0 mm. This variety belongs to table species.

We presented you the best varieties of walnuts. Of course, this is not a complete list. Everyone who is interested in these plants and their fruits, we recommend viewing publications on gardening, which regularly print descriptions of new Russian and foreign breeders.

Walnut varieties are currently available in a wide range. All of them differ in their peculiarities - some give more yield, others are more palatable.

In addition, there are also varieties of walnut, resistant to disease, low temperatures and harmful insects. This option is more relevant for the middle band, where freezing is a fairly frequent phenomenon, as well as for those who decide to grow nuts for the first time.

The fact is that nuts are not only a whole bank of vitamins and other nutrients, but also a source of stable high income. True, the first fruits must be waited for about four years, and the trees begin to fully bear fruit only after decades. It is for this reason that the option of such a business will suit not every person, since First you need to have some funds that will pay off only years later.

If you still decided to do this, then it is better to examine all the available varieties of nuts, and only then make a choice in favor of a particular variety, taking into account all its features.

Which grade to choose?

Of course, people tend to get the best. We will consider the best varieties of walnut in this article, after which you will only have to choose which one is suitable for your purposes.

Walnut ideal received a fairly high popularity among gardeners in Russia. The main feature of this variety is that it can tolerate negative temperatures down to minus 35 degrees.

Ideal seeds are planted in the autumn season in the pits of 10 centimeters. By the beginning of summer, one can already observe the appearance of the first shoots. For several months they grow up to 13-15 centimeters. Due to its frost resistance, grown seedlings are not required to cover for the winter. Already during the second year, the nut grows to a height of more than a meter and begins to bear fruit for the first time. Growth and fruitfulness will only increase with each passing year.

Try to avoid shading the nut, because he needs plenty of sunshine. It is better to land away from buildings, because the ideal has powerful roots that grow not only deep down, but also to the side. In May, flowering begins, and by the middle of autumn the fruits are ripening. A tree of this sort is not high, about five meters tall. Fruit ideal twice a year, and the core is quite pleasant taste. From adult trees more than one hundred kilograms of nuts are collected annually.

Reproduction of nuts of the ideal variety is possible only from seeds, and all qualities are fully preserved.

Walnut variety Bukovinsky

This is a variety whose distinctive feature is the thinnest walnut shell. The fruit of this shrub can be easily crushed without using any tools at hand - using only hands. The plants of the “Bukovinsky” variety are shrubs with a medium-sized crown, bringing a great harvest to the gardener. It can be harvested after the walnut is two years old.

Features of a grade:

  • the average weight of the nut kernel is 10-14 g,
  • A 60-year-old tree can surprise with a seasonal harvest of 122 kg,
  • the main volume of fruits ripens by the beginning of autumn.

Walnut variety Bukovina bomb

This variety is known for not being afraid of Marsonia. For those who do not know: marson is a popular nut sore, which is manifested by brown spot on broadleaf foliage. “Bukovinsky bomb” grows quite large and massive, from year to year indulging a summer resident, though not the most huge, but stable crop. Nuts are shaped like a cylinder and have a thick peel. But notwithstanding the thickness of the containment shell, it is quite easy to destroy it.

Features of a grade:

  • average yield - 34 kg per season,
  • average nut kernel weight - 18 g,
  • harvesting date - the first of October.

Walnut variety Giant

Variety “Giant” refers to those types of walnut, which absolutely do not require anything from the gardener. It does not need custody and excessive care, it yields quite a lot, but only in the sixth year after planting the seedling in the ground. The maximum height of the plant is 5 m. The “Giant” is clearly visible from afar thanks to the rounded and lush crown.

Features of a grade:

  • not afraid of disease and cold,
  • average weight of nut kernels - 10 g,
  • fruits have a very thin shell,
  • maximum yield - 100 kg per season.

Walnut variety Dawn of the East

“Zarya Vostoka” is an ideal summer variety. Its height, as a rule, does not exceed 3 m. The shrub is not susceptible to the appearance of brown spot, is not at all afraid of frost, but begins to bear fruit only at the age of five. The plant blooms at the beginning of the last spring month.

Features of a grade:

  • average nut kernel weight - 9 g,
  • maximum yield - 24 kg per season,
  • Harvesting takes place in the first third of September.

Walnut variety Ideal

This variety can rightly be called a real Siberian. Another such - so indifferent to winter frosts - among the walnuts is not found. The plant withstands firmly lowering the temperature to -35 ° C, which is not uncommon for our latitudes. Seeds of this variety are buried in the ground, deepening by 8-10 cm. The best time for planting is the second half of autumn. In this case, the nut shoot can be observed at the beginning of summer. And until the end of autumn, the sapling will rise above the beds at a height of half a meter.

Features of a grade:

  • the plant is not able to develop without an abundance of sunlight,
  • average weight of nut kernels - 10 g,
  • maximum yield - 120 kg per season,
  • The average tree height is 4.5-5 m.
For planting walnut varieties "Ideal" is not suitable too dense soil. The plant will not be able to grow on marshy ground. These soil types will destroy the nut.

Walnut variety Izobilny

This variety is not afraid of brown spot, and this is a definite plus. But there is also a minus: “Izobilny” is ready to bear fruit exclusively in the southern regions of our country. The frosts for this walnut variety are deadly, therefore overcooling of the seedling should not be allowed in any case.

Features of a grade:

  • “Abundant” begins to bear fruit when he is four years old,
  • average weight of nut kernels - 12 g,
  • maximum yield - 30 kg per season,
  • The variety has become popular due to its mild, balanced taste.
Walnut - a representative of the Boukotsvetny family. This means that his brothers are maples and chestnuts, which planted the avenues of our cities.

Walnut variety Krasnodar skoroplodny

Walnut "Krasnodar skoroplodny" refers to high-yielding varieties. Thanks to the work of breeders, the tree is not afraid of pests and diseases. It treats droughts and frosts with moderate love, actively develops and usually winters without problems.

Features of a grade:

  • average nut kernel weight - 11 g,
  • the nutlet has a thin shell that is easily cracked by hand,
  • Harvesting takes place in the last third of September.

Walnut variety Memory of Minov

It is quite simple to understand that “Memory of Minov” is before you: this walnut variety has large and slightly flattened fruits. The first harvest tree gives, at least five years after planting. And then after six.

Features of a grade:

  • average nut kernel weight - 15 g,
  • the tree is not afraid of marsh
  • You can start collecting nuts from the end of September.

Walnut. Sort Ideal: Video

Walnut - thermophilic southern culture. However, thanks to the work of breeders appeared frost-resistant, skoroplodnye species that are successfully grown in various areas of our country. On this page you will learn about the characteristics and description of walnut varieties that will help you make a good choice.

Ideal - the most famous variety

The favorite of domestic gardeners the grade "Ideal" takes the 1st place among the best grades of walnuts. Let us dwell on its merits.

  1. Firstly, it is highly resistant to frost (the tree withstands up to-36, buds up to-32).
  2. The second remarkable quality is its precocity. Already in the 2nd year the nut begins to bear the first fruits.
  3. This species is high-yielding. In favorable conditions, 10 -15 - year-old tree can produce up to 120 kg of fruits.
  4. Another advantage is short stature. Trees grow to an average of 5 m.
    The “ideal” loves sunshine (in the shade the tree will ache) and open space. Waterlogging is not allowed. The place for a nut should not be in a lowland, where usually in spring or after rains moisture stagnates. If the soil in the area is acidic, add ash or lime to the well.
    In May, flowering begins, with male and female flowers blooming almost simultaneously, which is important for pollination. "Ideal" has proven itself well in the middle lane and in the Moscow region.

Advantages:
• Resistant to severe frosts
• Skoroplodny
• Fine-grained fruits

Disadvantages: • Does not tolerate shading

• Powerful spreading roots (need a spacious enough landing area).

Varieties of walnuts for the Moscow region.

Gardeners of the middle zone and the Moscow region are primarily interested in winter hardiness of walnuts. Winter freezing of shoots is the main reason that hinders the spread of this culture in the northern regions. Below are descriptions of the most frost-resistant varieties of walnuts, which are relatively easy to tolerate our harsh winters, and if they freeze slightly, they are quickly restored.

Variety "Giant" - frost-resistant (up to -33), drought-resistant. These are medium-grown trees, growing to 6 meters, beginning to give fruit in the 6th year. The beginning of flowering in May. By the beginning of October fruits (6-7 cm) of 2-3 pieces ripen. together, thin-skinned. The nuts taste sweetish with a low fat content. Productivity by 15-16 years can be up to 40 kg.

Advantages:
• hardy
• Large fruits with thin shells
• The core is easily removed.
• Good disease resistance

Disadvantages: • Comparatively late fruiting

The undersized variety "Sadko" is remarkable. Mature trees barely reach 3.5 meters in height. This dwarf variety is characterized by high winter-resistance and grows well in conditions of central Russia. The first harvest "Sadko" begins to bring in 3 years. The fruits ripen clusters of 6 to 8 pieces. Nuts with a thin shell up to 4 cm. I would like to draw the attention of gardeners of the Moscow region to this variety, because it was created specifically for growing in the Moscow region.

Grade advantages: • frost resistance

Astakhovsky

The new variety "Astakhovsky" - frost-resistant (up to -37 degrees) has worked well in the conditions of the Moscow region. Trees grow to 10 meters. The first fruit begins to bear on the 6th year of growth. Blossoms in early May. Harvest ripens by mid-September. One tree can give about 40 kg.

Advantages: • High frost resistance

• Excellent disease resistance
• precocity

Disadvantages: • High crown

• Late fruiting

Yield - winter-hardy walnut variety, well-established itself in the Central Chernozem region and the Moscow region. The tree grows 6 meters high. Fruits in 4 years after planting. Flowering occurs at the beginning of May. Nuts ripen at the end of September. The yield is 25 kg. The core has a sweet taste.

Advantages: • Skoroplodny

• precocity
• Annual fruiting

Disadvantages: • Average disease resistance

• Tall tree with a wide oval crown

Walnut skull fruit Levin

A variety with excellent frost resistance (up to -35) can be grown in the middle lane and the suburbs. Low-growing trees give the harvest for the 4th year. Fruits of 5-6 cm ripen on 4-6 pieces. in bunch. Productivity of 15-20 kg from a tree. Very thin "paper" shell is easily crushed by fingers.

Advantages:
• Resistant to severe frosts
• Large-fruited
• Excellent disease resistance
• Cores are easy to remove.

Review of varieties of walnuts for the Krasnodar Territory

On the market there is a large variety of species of this culture, zoned for cultivation in the Kuban. The following are the best varieties that have already proven themselves.

Short-term frost-resistant form with the entry into fruiting in the fourth year. The height of the trees reaches 6 m. Diseases affected slightly. Flowering in late April. You can start harvesting nuts from mid-September. Productivity about 25 kg. Variety zoned in the Krasnodar Territory.

Advantages:
• Stable yields
• Fine-grained fruits
• Disease resistant

Disadvantages: • vigorous

Walnut Five-Year Plan

Walnut with an interesting name Five Year Plan

Vigorous, skoroplodny grade of a walnut with satisfactory frost resistance. Recommended for cultivation in the southern regions. Fruiting 4 years after planting. Blooms late in the middle of May. Nuts are ready for harvest at the end of September. Crops make 20 kg.

  • Resistant to diseases
  • Drought resistant