General information

Characteristic grape Krasnostop

Krasnostop Zolotovsky - Old Don technical grape variety, which is characterized by an average ripening period. It belongs to the grape varieties common in the basin of the Black Sea coast. The “Krasnostopa” regionalization was carried out in the Krasnodar Territory.

Breeding history

There are several versions of the appearance of this variety.

  • According to the first version, Krasnostop originated from Cabernet Sauvignon, its seedlings were brought to the Don land by the Cossacks after the campaigns to France in 1812.
  • According to the second version, the variety has Dagestan roots. There is a version that it was brought in the VIII century from the Dagestan territories, where it was distributed in the north of the country.
The first description of "Krasnostop" received in the 1980s, in the Don region (farm Zolotovsky).

Description and photo

"Krasnostop Zolotovsky" has some features that help distinguish it from other varieties. Consider a detailed description of the plant and fruit.

The shrub has small leaves with soft rounded outlines. They are characterized by a weak funnel shape, medium incision, the presence of 5 or 3 blades, which usually have a wide, blunt middle blade. The leaves have a brilliant bloom, on the reverse side thick webbed pubescence. The veins of the leaf and its stem are red with a tint of wine, color.

The bush itself has an average growth power. Shoots ripen early and well.

The size of the clusters at the “Krasnostop” is small, sometimes it can reach a maximum value - up to 15 cm in length. The clusters have a conical shape, medium density and differ in friability, the largest have small blades at the base. Since the grapes are considered technical, it also has small, round, sometimes weakly oval berries. The color of them is dark blue, and a characteristic feature of the fruit is a thick bluish bloom, which covered all the berries. Fruits have a rather juicy sourish flesh and peel of medium thickness.

Yield

The variety is characterized by an average yield of about 6 tons per hectare, which does not greatly depend on the growing conditions.

If the grapes grow on well-moistened soils, the clusters will become full, large and heavy. This will increase the yield to 8 tons per hectare.

Gestation period

Krasnostop Zolotovsky is characterized by a mid-ripening period. If the areas where the grapes grow, are distinguished by steppe conditions and non-irrigation (most often it is such characteristics of the growing place of this variety that can be found), the buds bloom in late April. Grapes bloom in early June, and the berries ripen in early August. Harvesting occurs in early September.

Disease and Pest Resistance

Krasnostop's disease resistance is average: if the bushes are not cared for, the immunity will drop significantly and the grapes will become more vulnerable to fungal diseases.

The most dangerous diseases that are provoked by fungi are the defeat of mildew and oidium. They can affect not only the foliage and shoots of grapes, but also the harvest. Since, from the effects of fungi, the skin of the berries acquires a tendency to cracking, the fungus can easily penetrate inside, and from this the berries begin to rot and dry. Such a crop will become unsuitable for making wine. If you still make this drink from it, the wine will turn out to be of very poor quality and will not be able to be stored for a long time.

Also on the "Krasnostop" can settle and parasitize insect pests. Among the most common pests can be distinguished moth, grape variegation, grape mite, which impair fruit ripeness. If you do not fight them, the wine from Krasnostop will get bad taste.

This variety is also vulnerable to mold damage, the most common of which is botrytis cynarea. However, this fungus does not harm the quality of the crop. On the contrary, it can have a positive effect on the quality of the berries and the wine produced from them, therefore it is also called the “noble fungus”.

Wine from Krasnostop

"Krasnostop Zolotovsky" - a very popular variety, which is used for the manufacture of various wines.

The wines made from this grape are distinguished by their unique taste flavors. Features of taste associated with aging, type of barrels and technology of making wine. He is very sensitive to external factors, so often the wine may not turn out the best quality.

Among the most popular wine producers from Krasnostop, one can distinguish: Vedernikov, Kuban-wine, Gostagaya, "Byrnye Krasnostop", Chateau le Grand Orient, "Country Compound from Janis Karakezidi", Sober-bash.

Thus, Krasnostop Zolotovsky is a unique and popular technical grape variety that is quite unpretentious to the growing conditions and has good characteristics for winemaking.

Benefit and harm

The grapes Krasnotop has this coloring due to the presence of a certain set of pigments, as well as resveratrol. For example, yellow and green grapes have a lower resveratrol content than red grapes.

However, the most prominent component of this grape is the flavonoid content, resveratrol and other biologically active ingredients and antioxidants.

The most important health benefits of consuming red grapes are their ability to prevent aging., protect against certain types of cancer, strengthen the immune system, strengthen hair, improve eyesight, help with weight loss and reduce the risk of heart disease.

  1. Presence of Flavonoids and Resveratrol, along with vitamin C and other anti-aging nutrients, makes red grapes an excellent way to improve skin condition. It is able to prevent oxidative stress and reduce wrinkles, as well as accelerate the healing process of scars. It can also improve skin elasticity. All this is aimed at maintaining the body's youth.
  2. Grapes contain a large amount of vitamins K and C, as well as iron and antioxidants.. Therefore, its use can help improve the health of hair, protecting the follicles, reducing their loss and increasing shine. Grape juice has even been used in some cultures as a tonic for hair, which can accelerate the growth process.
  3. This grape contains a large amount of vitamin C, which means that it can enhance immunity. Vitamin C contributes to the formation of white blood cells - leukocytes, which protect the body from infections. This, in addition to resveratrol and other antioxidants, effectively reduces the load on the immune system.

According to recent studies, resveratrol has a positive effect on brain health. In neurodegenerative diseases, this compound reduces oxidative stress, helping to keep the mind and memory clear. It is also known that this improves concentration.

Due to the low calorie content, combined with a moderate dietary fiber content. Some studies have also shown that regular consumption of grapes helps to increase metabolism and improves the body's ability to burn fat.

Fibers found in red grapes can also reduce cholesterol levels, which prevents the risk of developing heart disease. In addition, by eating grapes, you will get about 5% of the body's daily need for potassium, this mineral works as a vasodilator to reduce tension in the blood vessels and arteries. By lowering blood pressure, red grapes can reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, heart attacks and strokes.

Acidity

The berries are medium in size, slightly larger than the mass of white nutmeg berries, the shape is rounded, there is a layer of wax on the berries, the skin is dense, the number of seeds is two to four.

The sugar content is up to 35 grams per 100 ml, the cluster is dense, has the shape of a cylinder, sometimes a cone, the stem lignified, the weight of the cluster is 200-250 g.

With a sufficiently high sugar content, which ranges from 18 to 24%. berries are characterized by moderate acidity - 4.9 - 9.0 g / liter.

Characteristics of the bush

You can dig in the vineyard large stones, which will accumulate heat during the day and give it to the bushes at night. Use these little tricks, which will lead to an increase in the amount of active temperatures (SAT) during the growing season by 500 degrees or more.

After the onset of autumn frosts to -10 ° C, the soil under the vineyard should be covered with a layer of dry leavesharvested early in the fall. This shelter is necessary not to protect the grapes from frost, but to protect them from the early spring heat, and to delay the budding of the buds in order not to subject this variety to late spring frosts.

With proper preparation, the vine will delight with its beauty and yield, even in regions with the most severe climatic conditions.

It should be understood that the longer the vine is under cover in early spring and the higher the temperature there, the more stored substances are consumed.

Berries form dense, conical clusters.. Berries, as a rule, do not differ in large sizes, have a rounded shape, with a purple hue. Peel in the berries of medium thickness. Also berries are covered with wax. The flesh of this variety is quite juicy and sweet.

Growing up

In late summer, many gardeners begin to think about how to save planted grapes, protecting it from the winter cold. This is especially true for people who have cottages in the near suburbs.

A vine infected with mold, located in the thickets of weeds and not getting enough sun to strengthen its branches, is likely to survive the winter period with difficulty. Therefore, competent growers begin to care for the plant from the moment of planting and blooming of the first leaves.

Only fully mature wood can withstand a good wintering, which can be determined by the characteristic brown color and slight crackle, but not in case of breakage, but with slight bending by the hands.

Such a vine will remain slightly warm in winter, which will surely keep it from freezing. Shoots of the green color should be cut in late autumn before shelter for the winter. This must be done, as they will die in any case upon the onset of cold temperatures and will be an excellent growth place for mold and harmful fungi.

In addition to pruning the branches, it is necessary to carry out the so-called crockery of the roots and make a good watering of the plant in the middle of autumn..

The last item will be watering the plant, because when pruning the roots of the vine can lose a sufficiently large amount of necessary moisture.

The final watering plants should be carried out in October or November, during periods of onset of frosts. However, if these months are cloudy and it rains frequently, you can stop watering.

Shelter in the event of frost

Immediately after the onset of the first frost, you can proceed to the final shelter of the vine for the winter. It is not recommended to do this before the frost, as the plant will not receive sufficient natural protection against cold without a signal of lowering the temperature.

  1. First you need to carefully fold all the stiff shoots not the ground, twisting them in an arc and securing the studs immediately after laying.
  2. Laying shoots should be carried out on a pre-prepared natural insulation - Birch branches, single leaves or fir branches.
  3. From the top of the shoots need to secure plywood protective shields so that the shoots are not tightly pressed to the ground.
  4. Finally, you can close the plywood protection with any waterproof material. - greenhouse polyethylene or construction roofing material.

To prevent the winter winds from stirring up the protection, you can put some not heavy stones on top or cover the waterproof material with a layer of sand.

Landing period

With the first days of spring, immediately open the grapes and let it warm up. Overwintering shoots are best tied up on pre-prepared stands or supports.

If the plant is not opened at the time, then the necessary elements may not be enough for it to start the growth mechanisms.

To prevent this problem it is necessary to open the vine in time in spring and not to forget to feed it with fertilizers during the seasonThis process is especially important in regions with poor soils.

Ripening

There are several ways and tips that will help the vine to ripen fully and save itself for the next season:

  • do not pay attention to the delicious southern varieties, they still die or will not produce a crop,
  • the choice should be made in favor of early ripening varieties adapted to the climatic conditions of the area where they will be planted; Krasnotop is one of such varieties.

Variety ripens in early autumn. The collection should be carried out in dry cloudy weather.

For any, even the most unpretentious variety, you need to periodically lookl:

  1. Time to feed and trim dead shoots.
  2. Cut branches too close to each other, as it reduces the aging time.
  3. With a very large crop, it is necessary to remove some of the berries.. Excessive number of clusters extremely negatively affects the maturation of new shoots.
  4. Potash fertilizers and common ash are essential foundations, allowing new branches of the shrub to quickly cover the necessary layer of protective wood.
  5. Nitrogen fertilizers should be completely excluded from July. Fertilizing with nitrogen is necessary to increase the growth of green shoots, which anyway will not have time to mature for the winter, taking away the important forces of the plant.

Disease prevention

For proper remote preparation of grapes for winter, sometimes during the summer it is necessary to inspect the bush for the presence of fungal diseases or mold, and also to remove dead branches in time.. Additionally, it is possible to conduct fungicidal treatment of the vine in the absence of berries. This is necessary to help the shrubs in the maturation of the wood layer, which ensures good tolerance of cold weather.

In the spring should be spraying anti-mildew, oidium spotting.

Tempering grapes is the usual removal of young roots.located close to the surface of the earth, as a rule, they are clearly visible visually. It is necessary to preserve strength for the main roots.located at depth, since the roots on the surface are mostly over the winter in the cold climate of the near and far suburbs die.

The procedure for katararovka roots step by step:

  1. The first step is to make a circular hole around the plant with a depth of no more than 15 centimeters.. This procedure is best done with a small plastic spatula.
  2. After that, you need to cut off all visible roots to the moment of joint with the main rhizome..
  3. To protect the sections, it is necessary to process the copper sulphate solution.
  4. At the end of the procedure, the hole can be filled with sand or well crushed earth..

In time to remove the tops of the grape seed at a distance of 15 leaves.

Removal of new shoots that do not ripen before winter should be carried out at the time of reduced growth activity. Visually, this is determined by the ends of the branches: completely straight means the end of growth, and the branching tops speak of still remaining activity.

Pruning a vine after harvest is best done after the onset of the first night frosts, but not immediately after harvesting the berries, as this will only reduce the winter hardiness of the plant. The main purpose of such circumcision is to free up space on the bush for new shooters of the plant that will appear next year.

In this video we can see how various wines are made from the Krasnostop zolotovsky variety.