General information

Larch cultivation: highlights


Unpretentiousness, rapid growth, durability - the indisputable advantages of weeping larch. The plant is able to withstand the cold, not picky to the soil, it can be grown in almost all climatic zones. These trees live for six hundred years and stretched to forty meters in height. Larch has the ability to absorb harmful gases and helps purify the atmosphere, enriches it with useful phytoncides. This tree has healing properties, it has a positive effect on human health.

Larch always looks luxurious, which makes wood an indispensable material for decorating gardens and parks. In landscape design, it has a number of advantages. Through the needles are well sun rays. Therefore, the tree does not create shade for other garden plants. Larch with a weeping crown are perfect for small garden plots. Since these plants reach only eight meters in height.

In late autumn, these trees shed their needles, like deciduous trees - this is another of its advantages in landscape design. Since it is much easier to care for this tree than for other conifers. Because in the autumn, you can prune shoots and give a beautiful shape to the crown of larch and adjust the size. In Japan, larch is most often used to create bonsai.

Young, delicate light green and blue needles are born on the branches in spring. The color of the needles depends on the type of wood. Soft needles grow beautiful beams. The tree has peculiar cones, which give the branches a special attraction. For planting decorative larches do not require a large plot.

European larch

European larch grows throughout the continent. This species prefers rocky soil because it does not tolerate swampy soils. Therefore, the key habitat of the European larch is mountain landscapes.

A noble, straight-stemmed tree with beautiful, slightly sagging branches, long soft needles of a lush green color. The oval shape of the crown, the bark of mature trees is brown, and young trees are gray.

European larch is the progenitor of most ornamental varieties and species. Several dozen of its varieties used in the design of landscape design.

Larch on a trunk

Unusual charm stands out for the larch on the trunk; its weeping forms are most popular. These trees have a peculiar appearance and are considered a magnificent decor in the design of artificial landscapes.

Varieties of trees on the trunk began to be used not so long ago, so it is not yet widely distributed. The plant is given an unusual configuration with the help of special pruning and shearing. "Weeping" effect form, applying special vaccinations and strictly forming the crown. Openwork hedges, alpine slides, flower beds, front gardens - this is where the larch on the trunk will look perfect. It is also good when edging the entrances in the park or building, gazebos and recreation areas.

Pendula in garden design

In 1836, scientists discovered European pendula larch. From this point on, gardeners of Europe began to actively use it in their works due to the decorative appearance. She is good both in group and single plantings. Graft trees are low. Their growth usually does not exceed the height of the trunk and is approximately one and a half meters. The width of the tree reaches one meter. The crown has excellent curling branches, with minor side branches. The color of the needles is green with a bluish tinge. In autumn, the needles fall off. Cones are colorful, male golden color, female - red.

Pendula extraordinarily beautiful, has a delightful pine aroma, soft and delicate needles. Looks great even in the absence of needles in the winter. Since the shape of the branches, studded with short shoots and tubercles, with small variegated buds creates an original “lace”, in its own way decorating the snow-covered garden.

Pendula light-requiring and withstand the cold winter well. Prefers alkaline wet and fertile sites. When planting should carefully close the landing hole. Hot summer requires generous watering.

Each spring in the first four years after planting a tree into the ground, one-year-old growths should be pruned to increase the fluffy crown. For a multi-tiered tree, fresh shoots should be tied up to a vertical support for three years.

Larch standard pendula is versatile in design, because the color of its smooth bluish-green needles can be the backdrop to create catchy compositions. The tree is excellently combined with groups of trees of other species, including deciduous, shrubs and other ornamental garden plants. It looks great on lawns and in the neighborhood with bright flower beds.

Pendula is resistant to air polluted by industrial emissions and motor vehicles, so it can be used as a plant that protects the ecological well-being of the urban environment.

Landing features

Under natural conditions, larch settles on sandy and loamy lands. The plant is usually located on the slopes in the river valleys, where there are well-drained and moist lands.

Larch roots go deep into the groundthey are not afraid of temperature drops. The following conditions are necessary for planting a weeping larch:

  1. Requires open space, well lit by sunlight.
  2. The soil should be light, fertile.
  3. If the ground is heavy, then you need to make a good drainage.
  4. For weeping larch, it is important that the groundwater is not too close to the surface.
  5. Swampy soils are not suitable, as this will lead to the decay of the entire root system.
  6. When sour primer, it is alkalized slaked lime.
  7. It is time to plant - in early spring or autumn, until the buds open or the leaves fly.
  8. It is necessary to choose a landing site extremely carefully, because when transplanting, a tree may die.
  9. Age of seedling for planting should not exceed two years.

Should take into account the natural features of a particular species of tree. When in natural conditions it grows in the mountains, it is important for it to use an alkaline substrate for planting. That mind that grows near marshy soils, suitable soil high acidity.

Planted seedlings at a distance of up to three meters from each other. Deepen the root system should be eighty centimeters. Mandatory after planting wood mulching with peat or sawdust.

To form a landscape composition, it is necessary to select those plants that will be well combined with larch. These are spreading ferns, high stonecrop. Azaleas and rhododendrons will look great in flower beds next to a weeping tree. Red broom foliage looks gorgeous against the bluish needles of a weeping pendula. In the foreground of the composition you can plant astilba.

Particularly gazebos decorated with trees with a hanging crown look particularly attractive. You can use not only other plants, but also stones for design styling.

Therefore, the choice of a site for planting weeping larch should provide all the details of the future landscape composition, because it is necessary to more accurately calculate the location of the tree, its future height and the shape of the crown.

Care technology

Rules that should be followed when caring for larch:

  1. Soil loosening is carried out in the first two years after planting only to a depth of no more than twenty centimeters. At the same time, standard varieties, including pendula, perfectly tolerate this procedure.
  2. In no case should not allow the emergence of sod at the trunk of a tree. It is imperative to pluck the weeds.
  3. Fertilizers are recommended to be applied in the first three years of tree growth in early spring. Apply the best drug Kemira.
  4. Watering in the summer must be necessary twice a week to twenty liters of water under each tree, because the pendula is extremely sensitive to drought.
  5. In winter, the young tree should be wrapped, despite the fact that the larches tolerate cold quite well. Ornamental, especially dwarf varieties, stem, need mulching. Recently planted trees should be especially protected from the cold, covered with material that does not allow air to pass through.
  6. Pruning weeping larch is needed every year. Its crown is growing and growing; it is necessary to give shape to the branches of the tree, to give them a growth line so that the branches can hang beautifully. If buds are suddenly activated on the tree, they are not difficult to remove.

Larch grows extremely quickly. Five years later, you can get a marvelous tree one meter high, with elegant soft and silky needles, which will decorate the garden and become its attraction.

What to look for when buying seedlings

How to grow larch? There are two ways - saplings or seeds. Seedlings need to choose two to four years. It is better to purchase plants in containers. When buying, pay attention to the tips of the needles - they should not be dry. The branches should bend and not bend to the sides.

However, sometimes to buy larch seedlings is quite difficult. Therefore, it is often sown with seeds, which are extracted independently from cones at the end of October or purchased in specialized stores. Before planting, they must be stored in a paper bag. Germination seeds retain for two to three years.

Choosing a landing site

It is necessary to approach the choice of a place for planting larch with full responsibility, since the tree categorically refuses to grow in the shade. For it is necessary to choose a sunny corner.

If you dream of planting this beauty, but in the country there is no room for such a large and sprawling plant, you can form a small tree for yourself by pruning. Fortunately, the larch tolerates this procedure well and is restored very quickly after it. Therefore, before you land this cone, you have to look for information about how to cut it and, perhaps, to get acquainted with the art of bonsai. Also for planting, you can pick up decorative varieties of small sizes. Larch is demanding on the composition of the soil. It does not suit acidic soils, therefore, if on the plot planned for it is acidic earth, it should be leached before planting. With difficulty, the tree takes root on poor and sandy soils. In addition, it will not be superfluous to know that the root system of larch does not tolerate close occurrence of groundwater. In order for the tree to settle down quickly and successfully, it must be planted in a well-drained soil rich in humus. Larch tolerates the conditions of the city well, so it can be planted in city parks, squares, and courtyards. Very resistant to frost.

Landing tips

For planting seedlings pre-prepare a hole with dimensions of 50 by 50 cm. If a tree is planted from a container, the pit should be twice as wide and deeper than the container. The plant is neatly placed in it, trying not to damage the clod of earth with the root system. Top sleep with a mixture of sod land with peat in equal proportions. At the same time, the root neck should remain on the surface. If the soil is heavy, sand (one part) can be added to the mixture, and drainage should be placed at the bottom of the planting pit. After planting, the tree is watered abundantly, using at least a bucket of water. Possible to make compost or humus. Young planting must be sheltered from direct sunlight and cold weather.

More time consuming is the seed planting process. For better germination, larch seeds must be stratified (however, this procedure is optional). To do this, a month before planting, soak them in water at room temperature for 48 hours. Next, you need to carry out their culling: remove the seeds that surfaced. After that, in any container they must be mixed with moistened sand (1: 3) and put in a refrigerator, on the lower shelf, adjusting the temperature from 0 to +5 ° С. The duration of stratification is 20-30 days.

Sowing is done at the end of April - at the beginning of May. Seeds deepen into the soil by 0.5-1 cm. The distance between the rows is 10-12 cm. From above, seeds are sprinkled with sand and peat substrate (3: 1). Crops mulch. After the sprouts appear, after about two weeks, the mulch layer is removed. Caring for larch seedlings involves regular watering, treatment with fungicides against diseases and pests of conifers, thinning and weeding. When young plants reach two years of age, they are transplanted to a permanent place.

Larch tolerates planting difficult and long. However, when it takes root, it will please with fast growth rates - from 1.5 to 3.5 cm per year for the first 20 years. In four to five years, reaches a height of 1.5 m. At the age of 10, under favorable growing conditions, it begins to bear fruit.

Watering, weeding and loosening the soil

Larch has such a feature as drought intolerance. Therefore, watering of young plants (up to two years), as well as adult specimens during dry periods, must be mandatory. Approximate water consumption - 20 liters per one mature tree once or twice a week.

As for loosening and weeding, only youngsters require it. Adult plants can easily do without this procedure. To make some species of coniferous beauty attractive, its branches can be cut off, giving interesting forms to crowns (openwork hedges, crowns, balls, etc.) and holding back growth. Only young larches are pruned.

Soil mulching

The soil is mulched with a layer of 5-6 cm immediately after planting, using straw, peat, sawdust, pine needles. Even the most severe winters larch tolerates very well and does not require additional measures to prepare for the cold. However, young plants, especially on the trunk, it is better to wrap sacking. Some species will also need a garter of the branches so that they do not break off under the weight of the snow cover.