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Growing a rose stem from seeds: when planting and planting in open field for annual Mallow photo

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Good afternoon, dear readers!

The stock rose has been cultivated in the garden plots for many years and many gardeners love this plant for its simplicity and beauty. Stock rose or Malva (Malva) belongs to the family Malvaceae.

In the people it is called - kalachik, mallow. More than 70 species of this plant are cultivated in Europe, Asia, North America, and the northern part of Africa. When crossed, these species gave rise to a huge variety of varieties and hybrids of this plant.

Flower description

The stock rose is an annual and perennial herb (depending on the species) with a straight, recumbent or ascending stem. At the beginning of growth, the stem is trimmed, later becomes bare. Plant height ranges from 30 to 250 centimeters. Leaves are rounded-heart-shaped, incised or with 5-7 lobes, pubescent, petiolate.

Flowers are located in the axils of the leaves (1-5 pieces). Pitchy three leaf, 5 petals, gynetsy consists of a large number of stipules, the calyx is divided into 5 parts.

The petals are deeply fibrous, inverted oblong-ovate or triangular in shape with a wavy edge. There are varieties with simple, half-sized and double flowers. The flower in diameter reaches 5-15 centimeters.

The stock rose can be white, red, crimson, pink, yellow, lilac, lilac, purple and violet. The ovary on the plant is polycarpus. Some species of this plant have raceme-shaped inflorescences, others are spike-shaped.

Each nest is 1 ovule. The fruit is divided into achenes. Branched roots, long.

Types and varieties with photos

The most famous types of mallow are: pink, Moorish, forest, wrinkled, musky. From these species, many hybrid varieties and varieties were bred.

The most common of them are: Annual, Royal, Terry, Carnival, Margherita, Violet, Lyubava, Mazorette.

Royal stock rose

This annual, reaches 50 centimeters in height. Flowers terry, unusual shape. The edges of the petals are rugged. Diameter 10 centimeters. The aroma is pleasant, delicate. Plant blooms in the year of sowing, from July to September. It is used for registration of rabatok, beds, mixborders, balcony and street containers. Flowers in a vase bloom to the last bud.

Malva Margarita

This subspecies grows up to 2 meters. The stem is straight. Flowers are large, densely double, gathered in elongated racemose inflorescences. Diameter 10-12 centimeters. Lobed lobes, slightly pubescent.

It is used for vertical decoration of arbors, hedges, mixborders.

This plant has a powerful, branched stem, reaching 2 meters in height. Flowers terry, velvety. The color is blue-violet. Flowers collected large in racemes. Flowering stretched from July to September.

Stock Rose Lyubava

Biennial. Plant height reaches 80 centimeters. Flowers are large, terry, gathered in inflorescences. The color is bright red. The diameter of the flowers is 10 centimeters. Blooms in the second year.

Heliophilous biennial. The height of the stem 60-80 centimeters. The flowers are terry, bright, chocolate-burgundy, pink, light yellow, red, burgundy, almost black in color.

It blooms a year after planting, from July to October. Suitable for groupings in mixborders, decorating flowerbeds, lawns, fences, walls.

When to plant seeds for seedlings

Sowing seeds of the rose stem should be carried out in March - early April. When planting plants in greenhouses, sowing is carried out in February - early March.

When sowing seeds in open ground, the soil must be fully heated. The end of May - the beginning of June or the middle - the end of August is suitable for this. When sown in open ground flowering rose stem occurs in a year.

Growing stock rose seedlings from seed

The stock rose is an unpretentious plant, it easily tolerates drought and suffers from waterlogging. For better germination and early flowering, plants are grown using seedlings.

Annuals are sown in pots, greenhouses or greenhouses. After growing and strengthening transplanted into the ground. Biennial and perennial plants are planted immediately in open ground or greenhouses.

Seed preparation

Seeds of two years ago differ in good germination.

To improve germination, a preliminary preparation of planting material is made. Seeds for 12 hours poured warm water. At the same time they are saturated with moisture and germinate faster.

The root system is a stem-shaped stem of a rose, and this should be taken into account when sowing. Since transplanting from a common box can harm a plant, seeds are sown in separate pots, containers or cups.

The pots are filled with moist nutrient soil of turf, peat, compost, sand and sawdust. Seeds are laid out with tweezers or sown in rows, with a thin layer of earth sprinkled on top (1 centimeter). From above the capacity with seeds is covered with a film. Inside the greenhouse the temperature should not exceed 20 degrees.

At observance of temperature condition the first shoots appear in 2 weeks. After germination, when the main leaves appear (if necessary), thinning is performed. The gap between the plants should be at least 3 centimeters.

Seedling care

Care is moderate, regular watering, ventilation and hardening. After the emergence of shoots shelter is removed. It is impossible to remove the film immediately, first it is removed for 10 minutes, then for a longer period and so on until complete removal.

When stretching and pale color of sprouts, additional illumination is performed by fitolampa. After the appearance of the 3 main leaves is hardening. To do this, the room is ventilated; pots with plants are exposed for a couple of hours in a cool room (balcony, veranda).

Peeking a rose stock is not desirable. If necessary, this procedure, sprouts with 3 main leaves are transplanted with an earthy clod.

Transplantation in open ground

On a bed of seedlings stock roses need to be planted in May. By this time, the plants will become strong, and the spring frosts will pass. Place for landing should be bright and closed from the wind. When planting in the penumbra, the plants lose their growth, the color of the flowers becomes pale.

The soil should be fertile, drained, light, with a high content of humus. Heavy clay or sandy soils are not suitable.

Plot digging. Compost, lime, peat and sawdust are added to the soil.

Prepared holes. The distance between plants depends on the type of plant and ranges from 30 to 60 centimeters. Perennials can be planted separately from others.

When growing plants in pots, a bush with an earthy clod is transshipped. Peat pots allow you to land without transshipment, immediately in them.

Summer care

Watering should be regular (once a week), the earth should not dry out. Excess water can damage plants, for this good drainage is provided. It is necessary to water bushes accurately, without touching leaves of plants.

During the summer feeding is made 2 times. The first time is after planting. The second time fertilizers are applied in mid-August. For feeding you need to take universal complex or phosphate-potassium fertilizers for garden crops.

For perennial roses, the compost and humus in the calculation of 3 kilograms per 1 square meter are applied once a year.

Proper care allows you to grow amazingly beautiful plants.

Diseases and pests

Stock rose is subject to many diseases, it is:

  • rust
  • powdery mildew
  • mosaic
  • stem cancer
  • gall nematode.

The reasons are excess moisture, cold summers, poor lighting.
When white or brown spots appear, the plants are treated with fungicides.

Most often, the stock rose is affected by rust. Light hollow spots appear on the surface of the leaves, red-brown spots below, pads (pustules), after which they wither and fall. The affected leaves are immediately removed, and the plants are sprayed with Abigak-Peak, Topaz, Bordeaux mixture.

In addition to diseases, malva may be affected by the invasion of aphids, spider mites, weevils and other leaf beetles.

Aphid affects flowers, buds and leaves. They twist, turn yellow, sticky insects are visible on the affected areas. Weakly affected areas are sprayed with soap and water. In case of severe damage, treatment with Tobacco Dust, Spark, Aktara, Antitlin, Aktellik, Akarin, Fitoverm, Tanrek, Decis, Bison, Commander, Biotlin is made.

A spider mite strikes leaves when it appears. They are covered with whitish spots. Then the spots fade, dry up. Small mites are located on the underside of the foliage among a very thin cobweb. To combat the pest used soapy solution, mineral oil. In case of severe damage, the preparations Lightning, Akarin, Phyto-Farm, Vertimec are used.

How to collect your seeds

Fruits with seeds are harvested after yellowing, by hand. Each fruit box contains 14-40 seeds. They can be collected from mid-summer to the first frost. To obtain seeds from the bushes, the branches are cut and dried in the form of a bouquet. At the same time the seeds ripen.
Germination of planting material is maintained for 3 years.

Cultivation in a two-year culture

The seeds of a rose stem in open ground are sown in May, early June, or closer to autumn. The plot for sowing is pre-digging. Grooves or wells are prepared. They are located at a distance of 35-40 centimeters from each other. The depth should be about 3 centimeters. In the hole goes 2-3 seed. From above, the seeds are sprinkled with earth, lightly pressed and watered from the watering can.

After 1.5-2.5 weeks, shoots appear. When the sprouts appear 2-3 main leaves are thinned. In the hole there is 1 strongest sprout. In the grooves between the plants left a gap of 30-35 centimeters. Further care for the rose stem consists in timely watering, feeding, protection from pests and diseases, weeding.

A transplant of mallow seedlings to a permanent place takes place in late August - early September. The distance between plants should be 50 centimeters. Low varieties of rose stem can be left in place. High plants are planted in hedges, pergolas, arbors, southern walls. Such a shelter will protect the stem of a rose from breaking the stem in strong winds. Young bushes overwinter under spruce branches, a layer of dry foliage or mulch from humus, peat, sawdust.

Breeding the stem of a rose with the help of dividing a bush and grafting is not used as often as it requires special skills and gives a worse result during transplantation than seed propagation.

Stock Roses: Planting and Care

Large beautiful inflorescences, an abundance of various colors and shades make these roses the desired inhabitants of the front gardens. This plant is tall and wide enough to create a hedge. The average height of such a beauty is 2 meters, and the flowers are not at the top, but all over the stalk.

It looks very nice and pleasing to the eye. The advantage of this plant is that it has a long flowering period. Having planted it in the spring, you will be able to admire brightness and beauty all summer until late autumn.

In order to bring all this to life, it is necessary to have knowledge of the cultivation of stock roses and the care of them.

In this article, you will learn how the stock-rose is planted and cared for. But first get to know the most common varieties of these flowers.

The flower, which we are talking about in this article, has a second name - mallow.

Types of stock-roses and their features

There are more than sixty species of these beautiful plants.

Mainly, this diversity was obtained by breeders who were actively working on breeding new varieties of these beautiful flowers, so that they could please you with their presence at the country house in the garden. We will focus only on the main types that you can distinguish yourself, seeing in the store or on the market.

Malva ordinary

This is a perennial plant, blooming pink, red, crimson, burgundy, yellow, black. The only color that is not peculiar to mallow is blue.

This flower is unpretentious in its life, but in too harsh conditions also does not grow. Ordinary varieties look simple, but at the same time they create a certain homely atmosphere in the front garden.

They are reminiscent of quiet village evenings.

Scientists have brought many varieties of terry mallow. Their petals are so thick that they make a bud look like crown peonies. It all looks very beautiful, unusual and somewhat tender. These varieties have a high price, but it's worth it.

Semi-double variety

Such flowers are a cross between normal and terry variety. A bud consists of internal petals, creating a ball, and external, which are wavy. These varieties are also bred artificially and can be of a wide variety of colors, up to the most variegated.

Stock-roses grow from 60 centimeters to 2.5 meters. The largest varieties are often used as part of the hedge. More stunted suitable for landing on neat little flower beds.

How to plant a stock rose

Growing stock-roses is possible from seeds and seedlings. Both methods have the right to exist, each has its own advantages and weaknesses. Experienced gardeners, as a rule, have already decided and use any one particular method of planting. For a person with little knowledge, you can recommend testing both methods at once, so that you can then choose the most convenient one for yourself.

Growing flowers from seeds

How to grow a stem-rose from seed? This method of planting the most simple and common, and also requires less time and hassle than creating seedlings. For this you need:

  • prepare quality seeds,
  • choose the right soil
  • calculate the approximate interval between future bushes and make holes,
  • to plant flowers.

This beautiful flower is used for medicinal purposes. There are so many popular recipes with this plant.

The quality of the seed depends on how quickly they germinate, or whether the emerged plants will be resistant to the environment. Usually, branded seeds have good quality. But they still need to search. Those that are packaged in bright bags and sold on the market often do not correspond to what is stated on the package. In particular, such seeds can germinate poorly or do not match the specified grade and color. If such things are fundamental for you, try to find good quality seed material.

When to plant?

As mentioned earlier, the seed planting time for seedlings is late winter or early March, so that by the middle of summer it was already to observe the beautiful flowering of the plant. As soon as more or less warm sunny weather sets in, the seedlings can be planted in open ground.

It is important to remember that the flower is afraid of even the smallest frosts, so do not plant seeds and seedlings in cold weather or carefully care for the seedlings.

How to care?

Malvah - the plant is not capricious, it is not too hard to care for it. But the basic rules of care still have to be respected. What are these rules?

    Malva loves the sun and loose soil

The first thing to consider is that the flower loves the sun very much. In addition, the plant absolutely does not like dry soil. But an excess of watering can harm the mallow, as the root of a flower can start to rot from excessive moisture.

  • The most important and necessary condition for the correct growth of a flower and beautiful flowering is loose soil., well-fertilized and moderately moist, as well as well lit by sunlight.
  • The soil on which mallow grows must contain a sufficiently high nitrogen content.. Then the stem of the plant will be strong with a large number of inflorescences, which will be a lot of flowers of incredible beauty. The number of flowers on the inflorescence can even be more than 100.
  • After the flowers fade, it is desirable to remove them so that the stem-rose is not depleted. Dry flowers should be cut in the fall, when flowering is already fading.
  • If the soil is not too fertile, then it is desirable to fertilize it. during the growth of the flower, as well as at the time of flowering. In addition, in order for the stalks of the plant not to break under the influence of the wind, it is recommended to tie the stalks. Or easier - plant a mallow near the fence.
  • Since the plant is afraid of frost, when the autumn season comes it is desirable to cover it with branches of coniferous trees or leaves fallen from the trees. So the flower will endure any frost.
  • Disease. And how to deal with them?

    Stock-rose can sometimes be subject to certain diseases:

    • Rust,
    • Mosaic virus,
    • Mealy dew.

    To prevent plant disease such as rust - covering leaves with brown spots, it is necessary to treat the seeds of the plant with a solution of colloidal sulfur. And this solution can be sprayed on the leaves.

    Also, in order to get rid of rust, as well as as a disease prevention, you can spray the whole flower with fungicides.

    The most famous varieties of stock roses

    Breeders have grown a huge amount of a wide variety of plant varieties. Which ones are the most popular and most used by gardeners?

    • Королевская — обладает весьма крупными цветками с чрезвычайно приятным ароматом и пышным цветением. Растения этого сорта вырастают высотой до 2 метров.
    • Carnival - a flower up to half a meter tall with beautiful and large flowers of various colors. This plant blooms from mid-summer to autumn, not afraid of drought.
    • Majorette - the plant is not high, but it is endowed with luxurious burgundy terry flowers that bloom very luxuriantly and are collected in clusters in the form of brushes.

    Classic

    • Pink - The most popular mallow variety. Reaches a height of up to 2 m. Pink mallow blooms from early summer to autumn.
    • Musky - A great solution for the garden, because it blooms very densely, despite its low growth. In addition, it smells very nice.
    • Forest - has small flowers of various colors. Its bloom can be observed throughout the summer. The only thing - the plant loves warmly.

    There are other varieties of this magnificent plant. Thus, each grower can choose and grow stock-rose to his taste.

    Stockrose: description

    Stockroseblooming perennial with a strong and developed root system. The plant has straight stems, growing to two meters. In young plants, the stems are pubescent, but as they grow, the nap disappears. The leaves are rounded, cut into several parts, the upper part of the sheet in the light edge. Mallow Stockrose large and bright flowers, inflorescence type - bell. The palette of colors for mallow is striking in its diversity, the exception in colors is blue and blue shades, although thanks to the work of breeders, varieties of purple are derived. The bells open gradually and open completely before they bloom. Flowers can be terry and normal, flowering lasts from June to August. At the end of flowering inflorescences form a box of seeds. Stockrose is grown from seeds.

    What loves shtokroza (mallow), the choice of site for landing in the country

    You should not choose to plant a lowland place where rainfall often accumulates, the same applies to the passage close to the surface of the groundwater. For the Stockrose flower, the best place to plant will be the area near the low fence or the wall of the house. Since the stems of the plant are high, they will need support and protection from the wind during subsequent care, as they are inflexible and can break.

    Did you know?Stockrose is edible: the aboveground parts of the flower are eaten. Their tender slightly sweet taste serves as a spicy seasoning in salads and sauces. The leaves are used in the preparation of first courses, meat and fish dishes. Greener leaves and stems are marinades and pickles. Petals are used to decorate desserts.

    What ground to plant mallow on

    Mallow develops poorly on dry, non-nutritious soil. Does not tolerate the plant and excessive moisture, the root system may rot. Loose, fertile and light substrates with a high content of nitrogen and moderate moisture are well suited for the flower. In such conditions, stockosis will give you a lush flowering and trouble-free development.

    How to plant mallow (stock)

    Stockrose is unpretentious in reproduction, its seeds can be sown in open ground, without wasting time on seedlings. Before sowing, it is desirable to fertilize the land in the complex with both organic matter and mineral compounds. From organic you can use humus, a good response of mallow to this fertilizer is noticed. When planting seedlings, place them directly in the wells; when sowing them in the ground, add them when digging the plot.

    Landing dates

    Since shtokrozu grown from seed by two methods, it depends on when they will plant. Seedlings are sown in seedlings in a greenhouse or at home in February - March, in an open area, sowing is carried out in May - June.

    Important!Flower transplantation is carried out in the autumn, with a well-formed root system.

    How to plant stockrose: growing from seed

    Mallow trees are perennial and annual, each species must be properly landed: one-year stock-dropping seedlings are transplanted into the ground in mid-May, biennials and perennials are planted closer to August.

    Planting seeds in open ground The sowing scheme is as follows: the depth of the holes is from 3 to 5 cm, the distance between them is about 10 cm (subject to thinning as it grows). We place the seed right in the hole, sprinkle it and pour it with warm water from a watering can. After 12-14 days sprouts appear.

    Growing stockroaches by seedling method There are several nuances, how to sow stock seed on seedlings. The plant has a weak root system, it does not like transplants. Therefore, sowing is carried out in peat cups, so as not to torment mallow with transplant. Place the seed in the ground, slightly deepening, then cover with a film and place in a warm, lighted place. Watch the soil moisture, in two weeks the seedlings will appear, and the film can be removed. Caring for seedlings is not difficult: watering, removal of weak sprouts, additional lighting. The beauty of sowing seedlings for seedlings is that their seeds do not need to be pre-soaked, they sprout well without it.

    Interesting!According to historical data, mallow is known to mankind for about five thousand years. Mallow as a medicinal plant is mentioned in biblical stories: Moses eased the suffering of patients with fever with decoctions of flowers and leaves of the mallow.

    Watering and dressing stock in the garden

    Young plants need more watering, the soil should be moderately wet, without excess water. Water is recommended to use rain or at least a day.

    Attention!When watering try not to fall on the leaves, pour under the bush.

    Feed can be several times a season.First time after landing in the ground (if the fertilizer was applied to the hole - not needed), second - during the period of formation of buds and the third - under the formation of capsules with seeds. In this version of fertilizing it is recommended to alternate organic matter with mineral fertilizers.

    Ground care and weeding

    Weeding and loosening the soil play an important role in the care of the plant. This is especially important when sowing seed stock seedlings. The root system of seedlings is weak, for development it needs not only watering and the sun, but also air. Careful loosening of the soil allows the roots to breathe, and the same on the plot. Weeding removes weeds that take away some of the nutrients from the soil from the mallow.

    How to tie a plant

    Mallow stems are tall, inflexible, therefore the plant needs a garter. Both metal and wooden stakes, rods will be suitable as a support. When installing the support, try not to damage the roots of the plant.

    Important!When dressing do not use hard cords so as not to damage the stem.

    How to get stockrose seeds for planting

    Mallow flowers begin to bloom in June and continue to bloom until late autumn. As already mentioned, the flowers are cut in the fall, so as not to pull on themselves nutrients. How to collect mallow seeds?

    If you need your seeds, leave a few flowers to ripen on the stems, you do not need much, because in the boxes there are a large number of seeds. Seeds on wilted inflorescences ripen within a month. The boxes are ready for collection when their color is yellow. Then the seeds can be dried on paper and folded for storage in a fabric bag. Store until sowing in a dry place.

    In conclusion, let us examine the difference between mallow and stockrose. Both mallow and Stockrose belong to the same family - the Malvids. Stockrose is the most beautiful decorative type of the family, the difference between them is small: mallows grow up to a meter tall, differ in more dissected leaves, stockrose reaches two and a half meters in height, leaves more rounded, heart-shaped.

    Flower stock rose - description and varieties

    Plant height can be up to one and a half to two meters, and flowers are distinguished by a pure white, purple, pale crimson, yellow, bright purple or lilac shade.

    The plant has a large number of species, and the most relevant varieties among gardeners are the following:

    1. Royal The height of the bush is up to 2 m, the flowers are terry, can have different tones in color.
    2. Pink The most common variety that blooms from early summer to mid-autumn.
    3. Wrinkled. Named as a plant because of the huge corrugated flowers of a yellow shade. This mallow variety is resistant to low temperatures, bush up to 2 m in height.
    4. Musky The lowest species, bush height of 1 meter. However, delicate crimson flowers, 50 mm in size, twist the stem of a rose around a thick carpet.
    5. Forest. An ideal variety that has pale blue flowers. The plant does not tolerate low temperatures, it is better to grow it in the south of the country.

    With the choice of varieties will help specialist flower shop.

    How to grow a rose stem flower from seed?

    Stock rose is considered a perennial, but it so happened according to tradition that the flower culture is planted as a two-year-old.

    Plant seeds can be sown directly on a flower bed at the end of springtime.

    Flower stem rose is a spreading plant, therefore seeds should be planted at intervals of 200-300 mm from each other.

    However, seed germination of 70%, and you can sow thicker, and then order the sprouts, so as to leave only:

    It is not necessary to deeply sunflower seeds into the ground: the pits with a depth of 30-40 mm is the most.

    After 14 days, shoots will appear, but in the first year, on condition of sowing on a flower bed, the rose will not bloom. Usually the first flowers appear on the 2nd year of growth, approximately at the end of the first summer month, and already in September, after flowering, you can collect the seeds that appear in place of the flowers.

    A lot of planting material, and collect it after the box-seeds become yellow, then dried at home.

    We grow mallow from seedlings

    The cultivation of mallow from seedlings will require special attention, because the root system of the growing seedlings is pivotal, it can be quite easily injured when replanting.

    Therefore, harvesting mallow seedlings, it is necessary to provide a separate container, for example, pots of peat.

    Should be planted in late February to mid-March, if the seeds are planted in April, the plant will not give color.

    1. Tar should be filled with good enriched soil.
    2. Land needs to be slightly moistened before sowing.
    3. Put sunflower seeds on the soil surface.

    Next, planting material should be a little sprinkled with soil, cover the peat tanks with PE-film, put in a room with a temperature of at least +18 ° C.

    After 2 weeks, shoots should appear, then you can swoop down, if the shoots are located in a common large box, seated in small containers. The optimal distance between shoots is 30-40 mm.

    After the sprouts are in place, they need to be looked after every day, aired for half an hour, and watered as the ground dries.

    Seedlings should be sent to the site on the 15th of May, when the night frosts have gone, the soil will warm up.

    How to care for stock rose in the garden?

    Activities for the care of mallow include timely not abundant watering, choosing the right place for planting, feeding and building supports, which will hold a high stem part of the plant.

    It is also necessary to timely remove faded blossoms that may affect the flowering process.

    Care should be as follows:

    1. Watering Watering in the first year of growth should be abundant, but without the Gulf of roots. When watering, you should try not to get water on the foliage: for this purpose, experts advise to buy a watering can with a long spout.
    2. Feeding and fertilizing. During the season, the flowers "feed" three times, and if the land is scarce, then this number is increased up to 4 times. Universal complex compositions for malvaceae are suitable as a fertilizer, you can also apply mulch - compost. It is allowed and not to feed, but then the color will be bad, rare is not bright.
    3. Wintering The stock of the roses winter in the southern territory calmly, and in the northern areas it is necessary to cover the spruce branches or agrofibre. It is necessary to cover the stem of a rose in any region, if the winter season is without snow, but the temperature outside the window is very low.

    With adequate care you can get spectacular flowers.

    Stock roses look good on a garden plot, they can be arranged for individual plantings or planted in a group with other perennial and annual flowers, for example, lupins, asters, gladioli.

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