A keen florist grows indoor plants not for the sake of obtaining material benefits in the form of fruits, but to have a “piece” of nature and dozens of sympathetic caregivers in their home.
Having replenished the ranks of the green wards with a date palm, you cannot exactly provide the conditions for fruiting, but you will be able to create a tropical corner with it on its heated loggia.
In the article we will talk about date palm at home: care, planting, transplanting and beneficial properties.
Home and garden care
How to care for date palm at home and in the garden? Date palms love the abundance of the sunwarm atmosphere even at night, sufficient watering.
Negative temperatures are destructive for them, therefore, in our regions, the garden landscape with the feathery leaves of a growing date can be diversified only with the help of coiled plants.
Take out the palm tree into the air with an overnight stay in late spring and summer, not forgetting to follow the weather forecast. In case of threat of frost dates return to a warm room.
In a home setting, it is easier for a growing date to provide a comfortable environment. Seedlings and adult plants will grow faster windows facing south or southwest.
Seasonal Care Calendar
In winter date requires:
- temperatures not lower than 15 degrees
- no cold air flow
- weekly watering a little warm water in moderate volume,
- additional lighting (an additional lamp can be not installed if the plant is in a room where the lights are turned on for a few hours at dusk),
- typical feeding once a month.
In the summer palm must:
- provide systematic watering (every 2–3 days),
- place in a corner where drafts do not reach,
- create comfortable air humidity (achieved by spraying once or twice a day),
- shading from direct midday sunlight
- arrange hygienic “washes” by wiping the leaves with a damp cloth (once a week),
- provide a lot of fresh air (take out to the balcony, terrace, garden),
- protect from typical pests, diseases (preventive spraying with a fungicide, ordinary water will help - sufficient moisture will save from a spider mite).
Date palm: photo at home.
Features care after purchase
Before leaving the flower shop with dates in hand, need to find out:
- when the plant was watered the last time
- when was the last feeding,
- what nutrient mixture it was supported.
Bringing home the plant you need inspect and make sure that in the axils of the rosettes of leaves there are no thin cobwebs, red “points” (signs of a tick), other insects. If there are no drainage holes in the pot, they are made with a hot nail. Although it is better to transplant a date into a slightly larger capacity, and at the same time update the soil and fill up a sufficient amount of drainage.
If the plant is kept all the time in the pavilion, then take out the pot right on the street, the balcony should not be. By being in the open air they are taught gradually, adding an hour each day.
Phenicia likes plenty of sunshine.
If the summer was particularly hot, the plant is protected from burns by moving the pot to the back of the room or to a less illuminated place.
Only a person who gives the plant the opportunity to see a blooming date grow to 12-15 meters.
Floral brushes at dates resemble lush panicles with a multitude of stalks, hung with fragrant-smelling small buds of white or yellowish color.
The first five, or even a dozen date leaves have a xiphoid shape and a corrugated surface. Because of this two - three-year palm trees more like a young growth of corn. Fan leaves begin to form in the fourth and even fifth year of growth.
Dry air creates a comfortable environment for the development of spider mites. Avoiding his attacks will help two spraying leaves plants clean softened water. The sprayed water jet should resemble fog.
Dates need plenty of water, but do not like modulations. To provide the plant with a comfortable watering regime, it should be grown in a pot with good drainage and moderately moisture-retaining soil.
Irrigation water should be:
- room temperature or slightly higher.
Indicative watering schedule:
- in the summer every 3 days (if the top layer of the soil is dry),
- in the winter once a week, in a reduced portion.
Soil and soil
Date stones are germinated in the soil for palm or sawdust hardwood trees.
Young and more mature plants are grown in pots with soil that has next composition:
- sand (2 parts)
- turf soil (2 parts),
- leaf earth (2 parts),
- peat (1 part),
- humus (4 parts).
To support the plant in the summer every two weeks watering is accompanied by the introduction of a diluted solution of complex fertilizers. With a cold snap, vitamin supplements are given no more than once a month.
In the absence of the opportunity to purchase a drug suitable for palm trees, the plant is supported ash extract, which is mixed with phosphorus and potassium.
The hood is produced by infusing a glass of ash in a liter of ordinary hot water. The resulting infusion is diluted 1 to 10 with water for irrigation.
Planting and transplanting (choice of pot for plants)
How to plant and transplant a date palm at home? Plant bones from the fruit should be immediatelyas eaten by the pulp of dried or dried date. Leaving the bone for the future should not be - they quickly lose their ability to germinate.
The easiest way to sprout a bone summerwhen around the pot do not need to create greenhouse conditions.
In winter time capacity with germinated seeds need to be kept at a temperature of 25-30 degrees.
Ten centimeter sprouts can be seated in separate “apartments”.
The pot must be taken not less than 15 cm in diameter, tall, narrow, with holes in the bottom.
Date palms do not like "travel". If possible, a sprouted seedling is planted in a pot, where the plant will be comfortable for several years in a row.
Here is a video about a date palm: care at home and growing from a stone.
This plant is light-loving enough, so for it should be organized as much light as possible throughout the year. It requires a room with good ventilation, as it does not tolerate air stagnation. In the summer, when it's warm outside, you can take a date palm to the balcony or set it in the front garden where it will feel good. In winter, the temperature will be normal for her. + 10- + 15 ° С but at the same time, there must be enough light. In order for the plant to grow evenly, it must be constantly rotated relative to the incident rays of light. The top of the palm on which the young leaf is formed should always be directed deep into the room, and not towards the light source.
In the summer period, the date palm requires abundant watering, like all representatives of warm countries. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that there is no stagnation of moisture, otherwise the process of rotting of the roots may develop, and then, if you start this process, the plant may die. If in the pan, after watering appears water, then you need to immediately drain. A signal that watering should be reduced is the appearance of brown spots on the leaves. If the whole plant began to darken, then it is better to transplant it immediately into a pot with fresh earth.
In the case of overdrying earthen coma, palm may lower the leaves, which does not return to its original position.
This plant does not impose any special requirements on air humidity, but overdried air can cause the ends of leaves to dry. In this case, it should be sprayed more often, especially in very hot periods.
For irrigation it is better to use soft water: in the summer - rainwater, in the winter - snow, but always at room temperature.
If the lower leaves darken and die, then it is most likely a natural process.
Young date palm requires an annual transplant during the first 5 years of life. After that, the palm tree is transplanted as needed, in case the roots have occupied the entire pot volume. In the case of such an expansion of the roots, you can, without any problems, cut off some of the roots. Land for transplanting can be bought at a flower shop, but you can also prepare one of the following components:
- 1 part turf land.
- 1 part of the humus.
- 1 part compost.
- 1 part of sand.
In any case, you should equip an effective drainage.
Top dressings, fertilizers
For the normal development of a houseplant, such as a date palm, it is necessary to produce regular, 1 time in 10 days, top dressing, during the period of active growth, the presence from spring to autumn. In winter, when the palm tree is at rest, fertilizing is reduced to 1 time per month. Palma likes organic fertilizers most of all, which you can both buy and cook yourself. In the summer period, 1 time per month, it is necessary to provide dressing of potassium nitrate, at the rate of 1 g of nitrate per 1 l of water.