In recent years, the popularity of plastic windows has increased significantly. Despite this, wooden windows are still quite common. Therefore, the question of how to insulate wooden windows for the winter remains relevant to the present day.
In winter, up to fifty percent of the heat is lost through old windows. There are 7 known ways to insulate windows for the winter.
Heat transfer mechanisms
There are three main heat transfer mechanisms:
- direct heat transfer (heat conduction) through windows, walls, doors, ceiling and floor,
- infrared radiation through window glass,
- convection - heat escapes through porous materials, cracks and cracks.
Traditional ways of warming
If the budget is limited, then we often insulate wooden windows for the winter with improvised materials. A brief overview of the budget ways of warming:
- If the windows do not close tightly, then use self-adhesive rubber seals of suitable thickness. You can buy them in any hardware store. There are times when glue sticks badly. In this case, use a hairdryer or fan heater.
- Toilet paper moistened in water, wring out and clog it in the cracks. On top stick masking tape.
- Using cotton wool, foam rubber or tow, plug the joints between the frames and the sash, after which they are sealed with tape.
- Relatively cheap but reliable material - self-adhesive foam rubber, or penipolyethylene. He simultaneously owns the properties of insulation and adhesive tape. Sold in rolls, like scotch tape.
- The slits are covered with plasticine or ordinary window putty. But the method has a big minus - in the spring to remove them from the window is difficult. This method is used only in extreme cases.
The use of heat-saving film
One of the ways how to insulate wooden windows for the winter is to use a heat-saving film. If condensation and frost appears on the inside of the window glass in winter, this is a sign of low thermal insulation properties. The problem is characteristic even of modern double-layer glazing. The film is installed on the inner side of the frame, parallel to the glass.
It simultaneously performs two actions: it prevents the loss of heat in the form of infrared radiation and creates a heat-insulating layer of air between the film and glass. It makes it possible to avoid the effect of "crying windows".
Installation of the film is simple and fast. First of all, the frame is cleaned and degreased, and double-sided tape is glued around the glass. The usual film is sold folded in two layers (layers are separated before use).
The film is glued to tape so that it covers the entire glass. Her stretch, not paying attention to the wrinkles. At the same time, care should be taken to ensure that the edges of the film are firmly seated and no bubbles are formed. After that, the film is blown with hot air from their hair dryer. Under its influence, it is stretched and smoothed.
Warming windows with paper and soap
This method is one of the oldest and is used quite rarely. Paper from newspapers are torn into pieces, moistened in water and sealed with the resulting mass all the gaps between the frames. Before you insulate wooden windows for the winter with your own hands, you should prepare the necessary tools: a knife, a flat screwdriver or a metal ruler. When all the gaps are sealed, they are glued over with strips of paper, adhesive tape. You can also use cloth. Paper strips must first be smeared with moistened soap, which will reliably attach them to the surface. The method is relatively cheap, but it has one serious drawback - removing paper without damaging the window frames is problematic. Often the windows have to repaint.
Warming windows with foam
This type of insulation is similar to the first. The difference is only in the material used, that is, foam is taken instead of paper. Installation technology must be reviewed before insulating wooden windows for the winter. Specialist advice is not at all necessary, since the technique is quite simple, and any errors are easily eliminated.
Foam strips are sold at any hardware store. Compared to paper, dismantling them is easy. On top of them you can also stick paper strips, pre-smeared with soap.
Thermal insulation foam
The best advice on how to insulate windows for the winter, of course, will be given by specialists. Using foam is one of the most effective ways. In recent years, it has become widely used both in construction work and in everyday life. Foam blows out all cracks, chips and other defects. After the cavity is filled with foam, it is allowed to dry. Excess cut with a regular knife.
When the foam is used outside, all the places are necessarily plastered. This should be done because the foam crumbles in the sun and turns into dust. In general, the material is reliable and durable.
How to insulate windows for the winter: instruction and step-by-step technology
The method based on the use of silicone, requires more effort compared to the usual sealing of cracks, but it is the most effective. This is due to the fact that the method allows not only to minimize heat loss, but also to improve the overall sound insulation of windows.
The technology consists in the following: silicone fixing points for fixing glasses. First of all, the frames are removed from the hinges and put on the floor, after which the beadings are removed. You will need a flathead screwdriver for this, but a knife will do as well. It is important to be extremely careful, as the bead can break. It is advisable to pre-buy a spare. After their dismantle glass is taken out. All work should be done with gloves, as there is a high probability of cutting.
The place where the glass had previously been located is cleaned of all kinds of dirt and filled with sealant. At the next stage, the glass is put back, after which the sealant passes a second time and the beadings are hammered back. At the end of the work frame is hung back. In parallel with the insulation, it is recommended to repair the frame: remove the old paint, fill the cracks, put quality constipation. In the question of how to insulate wooden windows for the winter, every detail plays an important role.
Tip: it is best to use a transparent sealant, because it will be invisible if it gets on the glass.
Under the influence of different temperatures, wooden frames often crack. Before insulating wooden windows for the winter, all these gaps should be repaired. To do this, use the following materials:
- melted paraffin,
- putty for wood,
- a mixture of sand and flour in the ratio of one to three.
There are other methods, but they are less common. When using any of these windows will have to repaint.
Warming windows around the perimeter of frames
In the general case, the insulation of windows is the sealing of the gaps where the window casements adjoin the window box. To achieve tightness of the joints, you can use rubber tubes with an adhesive base, foam pipes, polyurethane foam and other materials.One of the most effective ways to place a compactor is to glue it onto the window transom along its entire perimeter. When the window closes, the compactor will bend and block the cold air flow from the street. At the same time, it is important to ensure that the frame bends the seal and does not slide over it.
If the frame is wide enough, then the seal is glued in several rows. So that it is firmly fixed, it is nailed around the edges with small nails. This will not allow the material to peel off. It is important to carefully inspect the frame before insulating the windows for the winter. Warming of wooden windows with the help of a sealant can lead to the fact that they will not close. Therefore, the frame sometimes needs to be trimmed so that the seal does not push the sash forward, as a result of which the window does not rest on the next sash.
This method is most effective when used in conjunction with planting windows on silicone sealant. One of the main advantages of the method is that with the departure of winter it is not necessary to dismantle the entire sealer, due to which it can be used for several years.
Wooden and plastic windows have their advantages and disadvantages. They are distinguished by their soundproofing and thermal insulation characteristics and require completely different care. In our climatic conditions, the issue of window insulation still does not lose its relevance, and therefore requires careful and in-depth consideration.
Having studied the mechanisms of heat transfer from the apartment to the outside, as well as the structural features of the building, it is possible for the shortest period of time at minimum cost to properly and securely warm the room. Windows play in this perhaps the most important role. Therefore, their warming involved in the first place. The article described the main options for how this can be done qualitatively and professionally. We hope the presented tips will be useful for you.
How to insulate slopes from the street:
- inspect the window around the perimeter of the frame, remove all the elements that do not adhere well (old putty, polyurethane foam, insulation, plaster, paint, etc.),
- primed the surface of the slopes
- blow out all the gaps with foam and / or stick the foam on the slope. In the process of installing foam, you need to make sure that the sheet went to the frame,
- if only foam was used, it should be cut off after full curing and sealed with plaster. If polystyrene foam was used, it should be closed with a polymer mesh, perforated tape should be installed in the corners and plaster the slope,
- after complete drying of the plaster, the slope is primed and painted.
Warming of the window tide
Low tide - this is the bottom of the slope. Here it is recommended to blow out all the slots with assembly foam and install a drain bar on top. It is necessary to provide an opportunity to drain the water down (the reflux plate is set at an angle), wrap the side edges up to avoid water leakage, remove the bar by 20-30 mm beyond the edge of the masonry, seal all joints of the bar and the slope or frame.
2. Insulation of wooden windows for the winter inside
Consider the basic methods of internal insulation of windows (insulation from the room), which can be divided into temporary and conditionally permanent. The first group of activities includes those that are performed at the time of cold weather and are cleaned in the spring by washing frames and windows. To the second - those that ensure the tightness of windows for a long period.
How to insulate wooden windows with paper
This is the first option that comes to mind if you need to quickly and inexpensively warm old windows. Of course, the aesthetics of the window suffers from this method, but the level of tightness is quite high. Material prepared for the site www.moydomik.net
To make a paper putty, you need to grind the paper (it is better to take old newspapers), soak it in water, squeeze it, add 1 part clay or 2 parts of crushed chalk to the mass, and seal all the cracks with the resulting mass. The putty is plastic and easily clogged, even in small cracks. For applying the mass, use a knife, screwdriver, metal ruler or other suitable tool.
To close the paper putty, window tape or special paper with adhesive properties (like masking tape), window pasting paper or cloth strips are usually used. The cloth and paper are coated with soap moistened with water and glued over the crevices.
Warming is held until the onset of heat, and then removed. At the same time, there are unattractive strips on the window that need to be flushed.
This modern method is becoming increasingly popular. At the moment, the Swedish technology is recognized as the best method of insulation. The windows on which it was tested are practically not inferior in the level of tightness to PVC structures. Once you have done this work, you will get rid of the annual red tape. Such insulation will last 15-20 years. An important advantage of this technology is the possibility of opening windows throughout the year. Noise isolation will be an additional advantage.
Warming of old wooden windows according to the Swedish technology is an effective method involving the use of a compactor. It has the appearance of a tubular strip and is placed in a groove previously made in the frame. The tape is made in Sweden from the material uniting rubber and silicone in the structure. The compactor can be painted; it endures the effects of various aggressive factors.
The material is practical, characterized by excellent strength, thermal conductivity. But it cannot boast of low prices, therefore the process of warming is expensive. In addition, installing a compactor itself is very difficult: installation requires the presence of appropriate carpentry skills and special tools.
Otherwise, you need to entrust this time-consuming work to experienced professionals. Therefore, the decision on the choice of this method should be weighed.
With such insulation, the following technology is respected:
- sash dismantled,
- along the perimeter of the movable parts of the window, special grooves are cut into small recesses corresponding to the thickness of the seal,
- a thermal insulator is installed in the grooves, which, due to the presence of bulges, keeps well without glue,
- Silicone sealant is applied to the glass in place of the sash,
- if necessary, change the glass, accessories,
- sash back to its original place.
The use of Swedish technology is often resorted to residents of Moscow and St. Petersburg, owning old houses. This is a historical heritage, so many people strive to perform high-quality insulation of wooden structures, refusing to install PVC analogues. Of course, completely dilapidated windows will have to be replaced.
Sealing of windows from the outside
The weatherability of the slopes outside also needs to be given attention. First, you should do the preliminary procedure: removal of the old finish and priming the surface. The gaps can be blown out with construction foam. Excessive cured material is cut off, the surface is plastered. An alternative option is to cover the slopes with foam plastic. After plastering, the slopes are primed and painted.
Construction foam is also used to seal the window tides.
Be sure to install (tilted) plate with curled edges for removal of atmospheric moisture. Places of a joint of two planes are recommended to be processed with sealant.
Often a large heat leak occurs under the window sill, so it is desirable to warm this area outside with foam plastic.
Finally, the outdated paintwork is removed (a spatula, a building dryer is suitable for this purpose) and a fresh layer is applied.
How to insulate inside the wooden windows for the winter with their own hands for a long time
To eliminate the cracks using window putty. This method provides excellent tightness. As a result, the house will be warm and quiet. But over the cleaning of the window after depressurization will have to work.
Seals should be sealed at the junction of the sash to the glass or frame and on the frame itself. Wood inevitably acquires these flaws due to temperature fluctuations. To eliminate them, use the following materials:
- putty wood
- paraffin melted in a water bath (cracks are filled by squeezing the mixture out of a syringe, it takes about an hour to solidify),
- sealant (perfect if it will blend in with the color of the wood),
- putty from a mixture of gypsum and chalk.
A sufficiently durable option for insulation is a sealing cord with a tubular cross section. It is used for several seasons, it does not limit the freedom of movement of the sash. You can choose the option with a self-adhesive base. But for greater reliability, the sealant and glue are recommended to be selected separately. Silicone sealant can be used to fix the material, which allows extending the service life of such insulation to 5 years.
With the help of silicone sealant to eliminate the gap in the transition of the frame in the glass. This is a laborious, but effective way. The frame is free of glass, cleaned of dirt, old paint, insulated with silicone, put the glass back in, put an extra layer of sealant. To fix the glass using beadings.
Heat insulation film
If the glass is covered with condensate or a layer of ice, there is nothing better than to insulate them with insulating film. It is applied on the inside of the glass. This surface is pre-cleaned, degreased, pasted over with double-sided tape. The cloth warmed up by the hair dryer is stretched and neatly straightened.
Polyurethane foam allows you to qualitatively fill the gap, to mask the defects (cracks, chips). This is a versatile, practical and affordable material. After drying, the excess foam is removed with a mounting knife. In order to avoid crumbling and blotting of porous polyurethane foam sealant, the cut outside the window is painted or plastered.
How to temporarily insulate old wooden windows for the winter with “grandmother's” methods
Warming of old, but good-quality wooden windows can always be done with the help of proven tools. Suitable paper, cloth, cotton. Это доступные и по-своему действенные способы, но они могут доставлять определенное неудобство.
Gap practiced clog toilet paper, newsprint. The prepared raw materials are moistened, crushed to a state of gruel, wring out. Clay (1: 1) or crushed chalk (1: 2) is added to the paper pulp. This mixture is used to fill cracks, crevices. It turns out plastic putty, easily penetrating into the cracks of any size. Another option is to twist the pieces of dry or pre-moistened paper into flagella and push them into the cracks.
A window tape is stuck on top of the dried layer, instead of which strips of the same paper or fabric can be used. A blank for fixing blanks can be prepared independently by mixing equal parts of water and flour and bringing the mixture to a boil. This method allows you to protect the room from the cold outside air. But the removal of temporary insulation leads to a deterioration in the appearance of windows. It is necessary to restore the former look by coloring.
Warm up the windows with your own hands can be cotton with a similar technology. This material shows approximately the same thermal insulation qualities with paper. The above disadvantages are inherent in this method, but it is much easier to remove cotton wool.
Gaps can be caulked with pieces of foam rubber. It is an inexpensive and recyclable material. Also used tubular foam on a sticky tape. It is glued to the window sash from the inside, which preserves the possibility of airing the room.
As a filler, you can use a clothesline, which is made of cotton. The material is fixed with glue or small studs. This method provides a good tightness, but removing the insulation in the spring will take a long time.
No matter how you insulate the windows. Each of the methods described by us works, each has its own pros and cons. Therefore, the choice is yours.
Features of warming windows in a wooden house
If you have a thermal imager, you can check the quality of the insulation. This device will show places where heat is leaking. A shot will provide a thermogram. Cold areas will be indicated in blue (purple). These data will allow for the insulation and repair of wooden windows without unnecessary financial investments.
Now you know how to insulate wood windows and check the quality of your work. The total area of glazing affects the pricing of the sealing structures in the apartment and in your house. Traditional materials will be cheaper than modern ones, but in any case such repairs will be inexpensive. But investing your time and money on sealing wooden windows with your own hands is worth it, if they are still strong enough. If everything indicates that the structure will soon become unusable, their replacement will be the most appropriate solution.
We can recommend the Moscow company, the manufacturer of wooden windows "Windows Dentro".
What is needed for insulation?
Regardless of the chosen method of thermal insulation of windows, you will need approximately the same set of tools and materials.
Devices for independent warming of windows.
- Putty. You can use silicone or a special window.
- Sealing rope.
- Detergents for window frames and glasses.
- Old rags.
- Rubber spatula.
- Special window insulation. Instead, you can use ordinary foam.
- Duct tape
- Wide bowl.
- Household or cosmetic soap.
Warming with newspapers
Warming with newspapers
One of the most budget and the most simple in the execution options for insulation of window structures. In accordance with this manual, newsprint is used to seal gaps. It is enough to simply take old newspapers, wet them with water to get a homogeneous mass, and then fill in all kinds of cracks with this substance. For more convenience, the soaked paper can be rolled into tubes.
The joints of the individual elements of the window structure are taped. If you want to save even more, you can use ordinary paper. Cut it into long strips and stick it to the frames with the help of diluted laundry soap.
The joints of individual elements of the window construction are taped
Despite its simplicity and low cost, the method is very effective and proven by many generations of hostesses. However, there is such a warming and its significant drawback - when the outside air temperature starts to rise, the insulation will have to be removed. The problem is that the paint is often torn off along with the paper. And it’s not so easy to get rid of soaked newspapers. Therefore, this method is increasingly rejected in favor of the next option of thermal insulation.
The use of foam rubber and wool for window insulation
This option is very convenient and simple in execution. You need to buy technical cotton in a hardware store and fill all the available slots with material. The joints of structural elements are sealed with a cloth. Technical wool is characterized by excellent thermal insulation properties and is removed without any difficulty with the onset of warm weather.
Fabric is recommended to be used for the reason that, unlike the same paper, it does not leave marks on the frames and does not tear off the paint.
The use of foam rubber and wool for window insulation
Such insulation, although it is the most budget and extremely simple to perform, but its efficiency is beyond doubt - windows stop letting in cold air and heat is stored in heated rooms.
For sealing large gaps more convenient to use foam rubber. Usually such gaps are formed when the window sash shrinks very strongly, to the point that they stop to fit normally to the frame. Save the situation with ordinary cotton in this situation will not succeed.
To eliminate drafts and reduce heat loss foam rubber should be fixed around the perimeter of the window sashes. It will close the windows tightly. You can buy the material immediately with the adhesive side to save time and make installation more convenient. In the absence of such material, acquire ordinary foam rubber and nail it to the window frame with small studs.
You can buy the material immediately with the adhesive side
The service life of foam rubber is on average 2-3 years. Monitor its condition and, if necessary, replace it. On top of the foam, you can stick paper, tape or cloth. In the spring of such insulation should be eliminated. You can leave the foam itself and use it next winter.
Insulation by the "Swedish" method
Currently, this method of insulation is very popular. It got its name due to EuroStrip material used for insulation. This material was developed by Swedish experts. The second name of the technology is slotting.
The main advantage of this technique is that it allows you to perform a partial reconstruction of windows, and not just create temporary insulation, like the other methods mentioned above. The windows do not need to be sealed, so even in winter they can be opened for airing. The service life of insulation is about 15-20 years.
The only downside is the rather high cost. Also, certain difficulties may arise during the installation process, since A similar insulation is being laid in a much more complicated pattern than wool, paper and foam rubber. Buy the material and use it to insulate your windows in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Guide to paraffin and sealant insulation
To eliminate small gaps, you can buy silicone sealant. You need to wash the windows in advance and wait until they are completely dry. Such insulation is prohibited to perform at air temperatures below +5 degrees.
Silicone sealant can be bought to eliminate small gaps
The sealant is very convenient and easy to apply with a construction gun specifically designed for this purpose. It is better to remove excess material immediately before it dries. In the future, to eliminate the exposed sealant will be enough to wipe the surface with a cloth slightly moistened with gasoline. From the glasses, you can just gently knock off with a knife.
One of the options for warming a wooden window
Also small gaps can be sealed with paraffin. To do this, take a few paraffin candles or buy the finished material immediately. Paraffin needs to be melted, type in a suitable syringe for the volume and carefully fill each available gap with it.
Large defects can be patched with ordinary clothesline. Any other lace will do. The rope is tightly pushed into the slot, then poured paraffin.
Such insulation will last at least 2-3 years. For the rest, be guided by the state of thermal insulation and, if necessary, add new paraffin.
Thermal insulation with tubular insulation
Thermal insulation with tubular insulation
One of the most modern and effective methods. To perform this we use a seal based on silicone rubber. The material withstands temperature changes and is not afraid of pollution. If you wish, you can even paint it - heat-insulating properties will not deteriorate from this.
Pipes of various diameters are available, so you can choose the material that is best suited for insulating your windows.
Set the desired diameter using plasticine. It is enough to take a piece of clay, wrap it in plastic wrap and clamp it between the sash and the frame. The thickness of the resulting "cast" you can find out the size of the gap.
Rubber sealing provides reliable thermal insulation and allows partial restoration of windows
The rubber seal provides reliable thermal insulation and allows partial restoration of windows. But it is quite expensive, plus everything requires some skills for successful installation. Suitable exclusively for windows without significant damage, which tried to maintain in good condition during the entire period of service.
If the windows are in a very neglected state, in violation of the normal geometry, the presence of cracked or rotten parts, it is better to refuse such a restoration, because it will take about the same amount of money as a full-fledged new window.
You can install the seal yourself. First you need to remove the sash from the hinges, and then mark a place in the window frame for selecting the groove. Next, select the groove around the perimeter of the window frame. This is easily done with a milling cutter. In the prepared groove rolls seal. It must be glued. Fixing is performed with glue. It should be of the highest quality and reliable, so that the material does not move and fall out. After laying the seal will only return to the window sash.
If necessary, replace the fittings and try to align the geometry of the window, but without the necessary skills to make it almost impossible. With proper installation and proper handling, the seal will serve about 15-20 years.
Warming with heat-saving film
Warming with heat-saving film
Another modern and effective method. The technology involves the use of specially designed heat-saving films. Their structure is such that they normally let the light of the sun into the room, while not allowing the heat to leave the room. The film needs to be fixed with the metallized side to the street.
Fastening to the frame is performed with an overlap. Adhesive tape is used for fixing. If you do everything neatly, the film will almost not catch the eye.
Heat film for windows - a modern way to reduce heat loss in the house
Features of the use of polyurethane foam as a heater
For sealing gaps and reduce heat loss, you can use an ordinary mounting foam. It is extremely easy to use and allows you to get the highest quality insulation. It is only necessary to show maximum attention and accuracy during work in order to seal up all the existing gaps. After the foam dries, its surplus should be cut with a sharp knife, and the insulation itself to hide something.
For masking such insulation, you can use homemade putty. For its preparation, you need to take part of the chalk and 2 times more gypsum. Stir the ingredients, dilute the mixture with water to a semi-liquid state and spread on the foam. Fully hide the traces of insulation, of course, will not work, but the mounting foam at least will not be so much striking.
Thus, for independent winterizing of windows for the winter it is possible to use a variety of various materials. Choose the most suitable and convenient option for you and proceed. Good luck to you and warm winter!
Good luck to you and warm winter!
The windows account for the fifth part to one third of all heat losses at home, therefore the comfort of all households depends on their thermal insulation. Despite the widespread distribution of hermetic plastic windows, old wooden windows have not yet left our apartments and are unlikely to do so in the next few years. They are certainly good in many ways, but have low thermal insulation qualities, and therefore require modernization. Consider all possible ways to do the warming of wooden windows with their own hands, from the most budget to the more expensive and most efficient. The text of the article was prepared with the support of specialists from Moscow company "RemSila" specializing in providing services for the insulation of wooden windows of any type with the use of high quality consumables and European production (rubber sealant, adhesive sealant). Read more about the company's services at http://oknoremsila.ru/uteplenie-derevynnih-okon/ (services are relevant for Moscow).
Why with the furious popularity of modern eurowindows with sealed windows ordinary old wooden windows are still in use in thousands and millions of apartments? Among the main reasons:
- the cost of plastic windows, doubt in their safety, in addition, plastic windows sometimes need to be insulated,
- the ability of wooden windows to provide natural ventilation,
- living in houses of high historical and architectural value, where the replacement of old windows is not allowed,
- lack of desire and ability to carry out repairs, albeit small, after replacing windows,
- accommodation in a rented apartment.
With numerous advantages, old-style wooden windows do not provide adequate thermal insulation. This was noticed by our ancestors, who developed many ways to deal with their insufficient tightness. By the old-fashioned decisions added more modern, so we have to choose from.
№1. What begins warming wooden windows?
Warming of old wooden windows begins with a design survey for detecting cold bridgesi.e. the main ways of penetration into the apartment of cold air. It is important to find all the weak points to hold comprehensive insulation. The main cold bridges in wooden windows include:
- the junction of the window frame and sash,
- the wood from which the frame is made,
- slopes, window sills and ebb.
Slopes, ebb and windowsill better insulate the outside, the remaining elements require insulation from the inside, so you have to work hard to turn the old wooden window into a sealed and meets the current requirements of comfort.
If the inspection of the window and its insulation is carried out qualitatively, you can count on an increase in temperature in the apartment by 3-4 ° C if you are connected to central heating, or to considerable savings if individual heating is used. In addition, it will be possible to get rid of drafts. The other side of the coin is the cessation of natural air circulation. This problem is also characteristic of hermetic plastic windows. Its solution is to periodically air or install special valves that allow you to adjust the amount of fresh air entering the apartment.
Get ready for the fact that for effective insulation will have to use several of the methods described below. Let's start with the technologies that are used for internal warming.
№2. Warming windows with paper
Most ancient, simple and inexpensive way. Today it is rarely used, but it is suitable if the budget is very limited. Exists several variations this method of insulation:
- newspapers, wallpaper, paper tears apart, curl into flagella, which clog the gaps between the sash and window, to simplify the task, use a ruler, knife, screwdriver or other sharp tools. Some advise to pre-moisten flagella in water,
- paper waste is shredded, soaked in water and wrung out. To the resulting mass add 1 part of clay or 2 parts of crushed chalk. The result is a plastic putty, which penetrates well even into the smallest gaps.
Классический дедовский рецепт предполагает заклеивание бумажного утеплителя полосками из ткани или бумаги. Чтобы они хорошо держались, их смачивали раствором хозяйственного мыла или же использовали самодельный клейстер. Последний можно получить, если смешать воду и муку в равных пропорциях, хорошо перемешать и довести до кипения полученную смесь.
A more modern option is to use masking tape or special window tape. In this case, the task is simplified, but the costs still remain. Paper-insulated windows cannot be opened for airing if it suddenly becomes warmer in the middle of winter. In the spring, you will have to remove strips of paper / fabric / tape and get insulation. On the window frames there are visible traces, sometimes even some of the paint is removed, so, alas, it is impossible to do without updating the decorative coating. However, cloth and adhesive paper are easier to remove all and leave a minimum of traces.
Number 3. Warming cotton
Cotton can be used instead of paper - there are fewer problems, and the thermal insulation qualities are almost the same. All the slots are neatly closed with a cotton wool, paper, cloth or adhesive tape are glued on top. The disadvantages of the method are the same as the previous one, but cotton wool is much easier to get out of the cracks.
№4. Warming cord
The slots can be filled with linen cotton cord. Fix it with small nails or glue, while achieving a fairly good level of sealing, but in the spring you will have to spend a lot of time dismantling the insulation.
№5. Warming of a wooden window with foam rubber and compactor
Much more modern, reliable and efficient method of insulation is to use foam tape and sealing cords.
Foam tape will be inexpensive, but its service life is only about 2 years. This method of insulation is optimal when quite large gaps are formed between the doors and the frame. The installation process itself is simple, but time consuming, as it is necessary to accurately measure everything and carefully glue it so that the window is well insulated, but it does not cease to close normally. The main advantage of the method - the ability to open a window.
The process of warming with foam tape is as follows:
- measurement of the required length and width of the tape. The length must correspond to the perimeter of the valves, and the width in compressed form - the width of the voids,
- the places on the doors where the tape will be stuck must be cleaned of dust and degreased with alcohol or acetone,
- Foam bands are usually produced with a self-adhesive base, so the task is simplified and reduces only to removing the protective layer and carefully gluing the foam rubber to the designated places,
- Some experts advise to additionally seal the window with paper tape, but at the same time the main advantage of the method is lost - the ability to open the window when it pleases. An alternative solution is to glue the foam rubber in several rows.
Much more durable will be the insulation made with sealing cords. They are made of different materials:
- polyvinyl chloride,
- polyethylene foam
Main advantage rubber seal - price, but when the temperature drops, it is able to tan and break. In addition, rubber has a high wear resistance, so it is better to choose for windows that constantly open and close. The other types of cords, although they are more expensive, but in terms of operation, show themselves much better.
Sealing cords are made different shapes - the choice depends on the size of the slots in the window construction:
- the seal, whose profile resembles the letter P, is suitable for windows with medium-sized slots,
- D-profile sealer - for sealing large enough gaps,
- E-type gasket - for windows with small slots.
Tubular seals make it possible to achieve a sufficiently high level of sealing, do not interfere with the free opening of the window, can stay for the summer and serve several seasons in a row. Compactor can have self-adhesive base and then its installation will be identical to the above-described installation of foam tape. If you take such a sealant, pay attention to the expiration date of the adhesive: if it comes to an end, the cord can either not stick at all, or quickly peel off.
It is most reliable to take a sealant and a separate adhesive for it, which can use silicone sealant. In this case, the durability of insulation reaches 5 years.
There is another nuance. All work with tubular profiles is carried out at a temperature above +10 0 С, therefore it is better not to delay the cold weather. It is necessary to glue the seal very carefully so as not to disrupt the sash opening system.
Warming of wooden windows with sealant or silicone
Transparent sealant (acrylic) or silicone (silicone sealant) is applied either between the window frame and window sill, or between the frame and glass.
Silicone insulation of wooden windows
How to insulate wooden windows with sealant:
- beadings are removed from the frame,
- the seat is cleared of debris, dust, paint residues,
- sealant applied to the seat
- after the sealant has completely dried, the beadings are installed back. Users recommend the use of new beadings. Firstly, because the old beadings often break down during dismantling, and secondly, in this way, minor repairs of the window block are performed.
Replace sealant can be a special putty for windows. The procedure for applying it will be the same, but instead of a sealant, putty is applied, which is pressed tightly against the seat, leveled, its excess is removed with a knife, and after drying it is painted over. Often putty is applied inside the frame, between the panes, and from the side of the room, the place of installation of the glass is decorated with beads.Technology of warming old windows with putty for windows
Warming of wooden windows with foam
The ability of foam to fill the smallest gaps has found application in the insulation of windows. Naturally, to be able to use the window, the foam is placed only between the frame and the wall. It is not suitable for sealing gaps between the doors. In addition, the foam needs protection, which requires the registration of internal slopes.
Preparation for warming windows
Old wooden windows in winter
It is possible to warm wooden frames with your own hands and at the same time with minimal costs. If cold blows through them in winter, this does not mean that they should be immediately abandoned. Each owner of a private house will be able to warm the window sill and frame without spending large amounts of money. For work it is enough to have a simple set of materials that can be bought in any store.
Materials you need for installation:
- Polyurethane foam
- Tubular insulation
- Window insulation film
- Tape insulation on a self-adhesive basis
And a small set of tools:
- Putty knife
- Furniture Stapler
- Paint brush
- Small bucket
How to independently insulate wooden windows for the winter
The whole process is divided into several simple steps:
- Surface preparation and cleaning
- Sealing cracks in wooden frames with insulation
- Finishing paint frames
To start wash and dry all windows and frames, to clean the wooden frames from the remnants of the old paint. Pay maximum attention to the joints where the frames are connected to the slopes.
Next, proceed to the installation of insulating tape between the panes and shutters, while it does not forget about the slopes from the street and the window sill. To do this, you will need foam, foam and PVC siding. Pay attention to the tightness of the valves to the wooden frame. If at least one item you missed, you should add more insulation and seal the gap.
All of the above, is the most reliable way to warm the old wooden windows for the winter with their own hands. It should be added that timely courting will help keep the windows in excellent condition for many years. However, it is common for any wood to dry out over a period of time, which leads to an increase in the gaps between glazing beads and glass.
Budget method of warming old wooden windows
Our grandmothers and parents knew how to insulate wooden windows at home and quite inexpensively. Newspaper strips soaked in water are one of the easiest and fastest ways to insulate windows in the home. To do this, all the large slots clogged newspapers with a spatula. After that, all the sash frame glued strips of paper, soaked with soap and water.
Another inexpensive “old-fashioned method” is using cotton instead of newspaper.. All the cracks in the windows are clogged with ordinary wool, and then sealed with cloth or paper strips, smeared with soap. Paper and fabric strips are easily removed from the window during the "spring cleaning". In order not to damage the paint on a wooden frame, it will be enough to moisten it with plenty of water before removing them.
From modern materials that can significantly reduce heat loss through glass, you should talk about self-adhesive film. Thermofilm for windows has an ultrathin coating of various metal alloys, which ensures the preservation of heat in the house in winter, and keeps cool in summer. However, the film does not transmit ultraviolet, which adversely affects indoor plants.
Thermofilm is the newest material, each layer does not exceed several microns and is covered with a layer of silver or chromium alloy.
At the end of the article, see the video with tips on thermal insulation of wooden windows in the home. Do not forget that through the dilapidated frame living space can lose about 60% of the heat. To avoid this, it is worth treating the wooden structures with care, paint them in a timely manner and monitor the fittings. If you do this periodically, they will stay in your house for many years.
How to isolate wooden windows for autumn
Owners of plastic windows do not need to worry about how to hammer them in the winter - they were made by manufacturers and installers. Heat in such structures is maintained due to the tightness of double-glazed windows and a plastic frame and proper air circulation at the fixing points. On this basis, it becomes clear how to isolate wooden windows - you need to maximize the air space between the inner and outer frames.
And for this it is necessary to remove all the cracks through which cold air enters the room.
Read this article:
The main stages of the insulation of window openings
Preparing a wooden window in winter includes 4 main stages.
- Get rid of moisture. In high humidity dwellings, the interlayer space is filled with any adsorbent. Suitable soda, salt, activated carbon or silica gel. For this reason, instead of condensation, glass is absorbed into the adsorbent through glass.
- Strengthening points. Before isolating the window, you should check the installation of the glasses on the frames and the size of the slots in this place. With a slight pressure on the wooden structure, windows emit cold air, flashing and ringing in strong winds.
- Insulation of cracks in a wooden frame with gaskets.
- Heated slopes.
These simple methods will provide good thermal insulation of the holes in the windows.
Each method is considered in more detail.
Repair and fastening of windows in wooden frames
After decades of work, old windows lose their properties due to moisture and temperature changes. The material from which the glass was fixed, dried and destroyed, and then flashes, because it is freely placed in the frame.
You can fix them with silicone sealant. To make the glass recovery process look like this:
- First, pull and gently remove the glass beads, starting from the bottom, behind and behind - from above. This order is mandatory for safety reasons, otherwise the glass may fall prematurely. If there is a difficult or weak glazing, it is better to replace them with new ones at the same time.
- Pull out the glass and clean the frame from the old whale and stay in the glass slots.
- Cleaning the glass from the whale alkaline solution.
How to isolate windows for the winter
Do not use sharp objects for cleaning to avoid scratches.
Seals are available at the department store. This is a two-layer tape consisting of adhesive tape and a soft seal (polymer or foam rubber).
Differences between such strips - is the durability of the material. Polymer sealant can be used for several years and maintain temperature changes and wash windows. The foam rubber tape is mixed and torn, so you need to update it every year.
The adhesive seal is very simple: remove the protective layer from the tape and attach it to the sheet around the perimeter with a sticky side.
If the slots are too large, they are better covered with colored tape.
In the first months of autumn it is important to isolate the windows until the temperature drops below 10 degrees Celsius. Low temperature complicates the work, which reduces the ductility and softness of the material.
Improvised Assets Gaskets
If the lumens are so large that insulation is insufficient, then a handy tool will help you: foam, paper, cotton, and even old fabrics.
The selected material is also placed in the holes, which must be additionally covered with colored stripes, fabrics or paper stripes.
Adhesive paper or cloth may be a weak glue, paste or soap.
Special building materials
Little for sealing gaps can be prepared by mixing alabaster and chalk in the same proportions. Such a radical way will strengthen the frames and windows that will cover all the cracks. Using a metal spatula, place the mixture in the grooves, then level and allow to dry.
The negative side of this method is the risk of damage to the painted layer, so it is better to use it on very old windows that need to be changed soon.
Alternatively, prepare a set based on glue or silicone sealant.
The sealant should be filled with holes directly from the tube or bottle, not forgetting how to hold the glass on the frame.
A radical way to fill the cuts
Foam fixation is a tool that is suitable for very forgotten cases when other methods do not save you from a cold. Or you can use it if the window no longer opens. Foams emit all cracks and after freezing all protruding parts are removed with a knife.
The top is covered with enamel paint not only for beauty, but also to preserve the foam.
Heating with special plastic wrap.
It can be of two types: reduction and energy saving. The difference between them in a functional sense. The protective film protects against ultraviolet rays, which are a reflector of heat and light. In winter, he does not allow the heat to leave the room, and in summer he does not give heat.
It has a slightly dark shade. Shrink film is a little thinner and lighter than the previous one. The essence of this heat is to create an additional air chamber between the film and the glass, since it is attached to a wooden frame.
Window heating by Swedish technology.
This method is becoming increasingly popular every day, because of the thermal characteristics of the old wooden windows, they are no worse than modern plastic structures.
The method is based on the use of silicone tubular seals. They withstand temperature fluctuations from 50 degrees to zero to 70 degrees heat.
The size range is from 0.5 to 1.2 cm in width, which allows you to choose the right material for any cuts. Speaking of life, manufacturers provide up to 20 years of work in all conditions.
The technology of introducing such stamps requires experience and the availability of specific tools, so it is better to trust this work to professionals.
The fact is that cutting gutters in a wooden frame with a blade. In these commas, a seal is inserted that has the desired shape.
As a result, the opening of the window is completely sealed, including the joints of the frames with the hole and the frames of the glasses.
Merge between frame and tilt
Cold windows seem to penetrate the house through wooden windows, although there are no cracks throughout the entire insulation process. Then you should check the condition on the slopes.
You can do this by lighting the highlighted match - the flame will be played in project locations. Sometimes this is the main cause of heat loss in space. For small cracks, you can use foam rubber and sealant.
In case of large gaps, the distance between the window and the wall should be filled with foam and, if necessary, add other heaters. When working with foam, you should know that it is exposed to the weather, and therefore it must be protected with special materials to protect against steam inside and outside the room.
If you know how to isolate old wooden windows, you cannot spend extra money when installing new buildings and heating up space in winter.
Warming window frames for the winter do it yourself
More recently, for the insulation of windows used old-fashioned methods. Someone pasted a newspaper on the windows, and someone strips of paper.
Также особой популярностью пользовалась вата, скотч или парафин.
Конечно, такие способы утепления были не только неудобными, но и малоэффективными.
Все изменилось, когда на рынке появился самоклеющийся утеплитель для окон.
Warming window constructions is a very important process, the implementation of which must be approached very carefully.
Not insulated windows are often the causes of the appearance of drafts, which as a result have a negative impact on the health of residents.
In addition, window openings become the main bridge of cold, which leads to the loss of a large amount of thermal energy.
Today, the market offers a large selection of modern insulating materials that reduce heat loss through window blocks.
All these materials are highly efficient and very easy to install.
Advantages of self-adhesive insulation
Such self-adhesive insulation for windows has certain advantages.
- The ability to close the gap, the thickness of which can reach 7 mm,
- High resistance to temperature and humidity,
- Different colors, which allows you to optimally aesthetically fit the tape in the appearance of the window,
- Relatively low cost
- The ability to open the sash.
Due to such advantages, such material has gained high popularity and demand among the population.
Unfortunately, duct tape has some drawbacks.
First of all, it is worth noting its fragility. Most often, it serves no more than one season.
This means that you need to update the insulation annually.
Of course, if the sash opens rarely, then the tape can last two or more seasons.
Despite the fact that such a material very well tolerates temperature drops, severe frosts can adversely affect its performance properties.
As a result of too low temperatures, the adhesive composition may lose its stickiness.
As a result, this leads to peeling off the tape.
The main disadvantage of such insulation is that it can not be used on modern window structures. This is due to the fact that it can cause significant damage to the performance of plastic windows.
How to choose a tape
The choice of self-adhesive insulation for windows must be approached very carefully.
The tape is made of various materials and may have a different profile. It is worth considering when choosing it.
If you decide to use a rubber band, it is best to choose the softest. Due to this, the insulation will reliably close all the cracks and reduce the heat loss of the window construction to a minimum.
As already mentioned, insulation can have a different profile.
When addressing this issue, you should pay attention to the nature of the slots.
If the gaps between the frame and the sash are straight, o you can use a heater of a rectangular profile. With it, you can close up the gap thickness of 4 mm.
In other cases, the best solution will be materials with a profile of various shapes that resemble letters of the Latin alphabet.
For example, the material with the “O” profile allows you to hide uneven slots, the thickness of which can reach 7 mm.
When choosing insulation special attention should be paid to the expiration date.
If it expired, then the adhesive properties of the tape significantly decreased.
As a result, this can lead to a quick peeling of it from the window.
The installation of self-adhesive tape must be approached very carefully. From this will depend on the quality of its mounting and the effectiveness of insulation. Before you begin to glue, you must carefully prepare the work surface.
To do this, the frame must be cleaned of old insulation and all dirt.
After this, the tape fixing point must be thoroughly cleaned and degreased. Alcohol or acetone can be used to degrease the surface.
After the surface is ready, you can proceed to fastening the material.
To fix the insulation on the contact line of the sash and frame, protective paper is removed from the back side.
It should be eliminated gradually, as needed. To facilitate the installation process, the tape can be pre-cut into pieces of a certain length.
The material is easily glued to the frame. But, the complete freezing of the adhesive composition occurs after some time. During this time, it is worthwhile to refrain from frequently opening and closing the sash.
Today on the market you can also find self-adhesive film.
Such material has relatively recently appeared on the market, but has already gained great popularity among the population.
Using such a film can significantly improve the insulating properties of the entire window unit.
If the tape seals the gap, the film reduces heat loss over the entire area of the window opening.
This insulation has the form of a conventional film, which has a special coating on one side. This allows you to easily and quickly mount it on the window.
To give it aesthetics and to somewhat hide its presence, use heating devices, such as household hair dryers.
Under heating, the film straightens and becomes almost imperceptible.
Its installation can be easily carried out with your own hands. Unfortunately, this heater is used only one season, and more precisely one period - in the winter.
The lack of material lies in the fact that it protects the room well from cold and heat, which comes from outside.
As a result, in spring the room warms up very slowly.
To eliminate this disadvantage, it is necessary to dismantle the film immediately with the onset of heat.
How and the better to warm (glue, prepare) wooden windows for the winter?
Not always, we have the opportunity to replace outdated windows with more modern ones. For example, many do not have their own housing and rent it, but there is no desire to spend money on plastic windows in a rented apartment. But what to do if the old wooden windows have served their time and let the cold down from the street?
How and the better to warm (glue, prepare) wooden windows for the winter?
You can make old windows warmer in several ways. Some of them have come to our lives since the times of the Soviet Union, others are more modern.
Now we will look at some of the most effective and popular methods.
4 parts of chalk powder and 1 part of drying oil.
The basis for such a mixture can be the usual chalk for drawing.
The color of the chalk can be selected according to the color of the paint on the frame.
Chalk should be rubbed on a grater or crushed in a mortar, and then add the required amount of drying oil. In order to accurately measure the desired amount of the binder, use a conventional syringe.
When the mixture is ready (by the consistency it should resemble a tight dough), roll up small strips as thick as the slits in your window and press these blanks into the problem areas.
If such a grout is very different from the color of the window profile, you can hide it with strips of old cloth dipped in paste (1 part flour, 1 part starch and 5 parts water) or soapy water.
Ask for help or insulate the windows with their own hands?
In order to insulate the windows, you have, in general, only two options: do all the work yourself or turn to a professional. With your own hands, it is enough just to warm the window sill, the contour of the frame, the window opening inside the room or replace the seal. If a defect manifested itself during the warranty period, the installer will have to fix all the problems. In addition, it is worth resorting to the help of installers if external insulation work is required, and the window is located at a considerable height - its replacement or repair work may be associated with an increased risk, and experts know exactly how to insulate plastic windows from the outside properly.
It is worth remembering that it is better to warm the windows before the onset of winter - then the conditions for work will be more comfortable. In addition, sealants and some other building materials can only be used in a certain temperature range, otherwise they lose their properties.
We warm the window opening
If you need to warm the window opening, then fit the mounting foam. Expanding, it fills the voids in the opening and prevents the movement of air. However, foam is a non-durable material that is exposed to low temperatures and will fit with a small gap. Also popular insulation is mineral wool, which has heat and sound insulation. It is resistant to high temperatures and easy to install.
Silicone sealant will also help to insulate the window frames. It is best to work with him to use an inexpensive tool - a lever syringe. The sealant blocks drafts and moisture, making windows resistant to mold and mildew. You should also choose a clear sealant - so it will not be noticeable if accidentally hit on the glass.
Before you apply sealant or expansion foam, it is worth checking how they expand - to determine this, apply a small drop in the corner of the window.
Another way from the category of “cheap and angry” is to plug the gaps in the windows with technical cotton wool, and then glue them with masking tape. Previously, cloth or paper strips with soap from household soap were used instead of tape. But when using this option, its fragility is obvious, and it will not relieve completely from blowing it.
Good and inexpensive insulation for plastic windows - foam rubber: cash costs will be minimal. Remove the film from the adhesive surface of the insulation and press the foam insulation for windows to the required places. With the onset of warming it is very easy to remove. However, if moisture enters, the insulation may lose tightness.
How to insulate the slopes of plastic windows
For the insulation of the slopes of plastic windows, you can use a variety of materials - sandwich panels, drywall, foam plastic or polystyrene foam. However, the foam - the most fragile of these materials and has the ability to accumulate moisture. If it is necessary to insulate the window outside, dry mixtures for trimming slopes will help.
First, it is necessary to carefully treat the slots - to eliminate possible contaminants and remove the old mounting foam. If you choose drywall for insulating slopes, the sequence of actions is as follows:
- from drywall, cut out the workpiece of the desired size and process the moisture-resistant primer, wait until the workpiece dries out,
- we insert plasterboard sheets into the slots,
- fill small gaps left between the drywall and the wall, foam,
- after the curing of the foam, we complete the cosmetic repair with a primer and paint.
Exterior insulation works are carried out at temperatures up to +5 ° C, otherwise building materials may lose some of the properties.
We warm the window glass
You can use a special heat-saving film to insulate windows. It transmits the light inside the room and at the same time does not “release” the infrared radiation. Such a film not only protects the heat of our house, but also helps to get rid of the effect of "weeping windows", that is, from condensation. Also windows on which the heat-saving film is glued are characterized by greater strength. Before starting work it is important to wash the glass, process it with a degreasing compound and wipe dry. Next, you need to stick the film so that its "metal" side looked to the street. The film is glued not only on the glass itself, but also with an overlap on the frame. Some manufacturers make films on a self-adhesive basis, but for some types of film adhesive tape is needed. To prevent bubbles and wrinkles on the film, use a household hair dryer.
A simple and inexpensive life hack that will help to cope with a draft is to attach a bubble, or “pimply” film to the window. Choose a film with large bubbles, as it tends to cope better with cold air. Cut the bubble wrap so that it slides slightly over the window frame. Spray water on the window of the sprayer, then “stick” a sheet of trimmed wrapping film to the wet glass. You can strengthen it with double-sided tape. The pimply side should face the glass. The film should be fixed without difficulty and remain in place for several months. If you wish, you can apply a double layer of film for better thermal insulation. The only negative is that this method blocks the view from the window, but the light will nevertheless enter the room.
How to warm the window sill of a plastic window with your own hands
Sew a simple fabric to match the width of the window. Fill it with some loose, dense substance, such as sand, rice or polyester, then place it along the bottom of the window. Heavy materials (denim, corduroy) in this case will keep cold air more efficiently than light materials (cotton, knitwear, etc.).
If the problem is in a worn out sealant, you can replace it yourself by choosing the right one in a hardware store. Also, the seal is better to choose black: black is the natural color of rubber, and impurities of other colors can spoil the quality of the product. After the old seal is removed, it is necessary to clean the grooves of dust and dirt, treat the corners of the frame with glue and cut the excess with scissors. The resulting joint must also be treated with glue.
How to insulate wooden windows with foam:
- drywall blanks are cut to the size of the slope,
- gaps blow out with foam
- set up the slope,
- between the drywall and the wall is laid insulation,
- the slope is primed and painted.
Warming the window opening under the window sill is also advisable to do with the use of foam.
Warming windows with heat-saving film
A novelty on the market is a heat-saving film for windows. The principle of energy-saving action is the ability to reflect infrared radiation, leaving it indoors. The film has a different coating sides. When sticking, it should be oriented with the metallized side on the street. In this case, the film is glued not only on the glass, but also on the frame. This technique increases the heat-saving properties of wooden double-glazed windows. Water is used as an adhesive, and most importantly, in the process of pasting, ensure that the film is completely adherent to the surfaces, without bubbles and folds.
How to seal the gap in the wooden windows
- pour molten paraffin into the crack,
- use special putty,
- You can use self-prepared mixtures, for example, from building gypsum and crushed chalk in a 2: 1 ratio.
- use sealant.
All of these methods provide for the complete cleaning of the frame from the old paint (decorative coating) and subsequent painting after performing work on insulation. Painting the frame with oil paint also reduces heat loss through micro gaps in the wood.
Warming windows in a wooden house
Separately, we consider how to warm the windows in a wooden house. After all, here it is necessary to ensure a tight fit without disturbing the appearance of the structure. Masters claim that almost all modern methods are suitable for use in a wooden house. In particular, such as:
- the use of polyurethane foam with the subsequent sealing of the place of its application by casing,
- use clear sealant between glass and bead.
- glass wrapping with heat-saving film,
- installing shutters.
Shutters are one of the ways of warming a house, which creates additional protection for a window, but the shutters do not fit well into the exterior of a modern wooden house.
What gives warming windows
- temperature increase in the room. A well-insulated window increases the temperature in the room by 3-4 ° С,
- prevents the penetration of the cold wind (lack of draft),
- Reducing the cost of heating a house or apartment.
However, in the quest to achieve maximum tightness there are drawbacks. In particular, the lack of natural air circulation. Because of this, condensation appears on the windows, which negatively affects the window frame. It is leveled by the device of forced ventilation or periodic ventilation.
We briefly examined how to insulate wooden windows for the winter with their own hands and at low cost, using the available materials. By choosing the best way for a particular room, the user can provide comfort and coziness in the house, as well as extend the service life of the wooden window and reduce the cost of heating the house.
4 parts chalk powder and 1 part rosin.
Rosin - a substance that is part of the resin trees.
You can buy it in the building or hardware store.
It is sold in solid condition before use, it must be melted. To do this, use the old skillet (the old one, because after use it will be very difficult to tear off the frozen rosin) or a microwave. Pour the liquid rosin into the chalk, carefully move. To fill the gap with such a mixture should be on the same principle as in the first case.
4 pieces of chalk and 1 part of building or PVA glue.
Such a mixture is made in the same way as the previous two.
A distinctive feature of this method is the rapid hardening and setting of the glue, so you need to hurry up and seal all the cracks in the shortest possible time.
Disadvantages of this method: chalk-based mixtures are not suitable for outdoor work - they are easily washed off with water and serve for a relatively short time.
Утепление ватой и тканью
Наши бабушки и дедушки редко задумывались над тем, как и чем лучше утеплить (заклеить, подготовить) деревянные окна на зиму и всегда делали это с помощью ваты или старой ткани.
Суть этого метода предельно проста.
You will need a certain amount of plain (mineralized) wool or old cotton fabric. No binding components are needed, just tightly hammer all the cracks. In order to hide the traces of your warming, again use the paste and strips of fabric.
In order to make the windows more warm with cotton or fabric, it is recommended to soak them with any antifungal fluid and let it dry. In this case, your windows will not be afraid of neither cold nor moisture.
The disadvantages of this method: fabric and cotton can crawl out of the cracks, thereby greatly spoil the appearance.
If the strips are not soaked with moisture, moisture can accumulate inside the crevices and a fungus can appear.
Warming windows with professional sealants
First you need to find a good sealant.
Choose one that is suitable for outdoor use and resistant to moisture. Best suited funds on a polyurethane or rubber base. They quickly harden, easily fall and are sold in several different shades.
Most sealants are sold in tubes. To use them, you will additionally need to purchase a special gun. But if you don’t want to spend money on a fixture that will come in handy several times over, you can buy a sealant in a mini-package.
As a rule, such tools are equipped with a special thin "nose" through which you can easily drive the sealant into small gaps, but if there is no such, use a regular syringe.
There will be no traces of insulation with sealants, there is no need to use strips of cloth or paper.
If you carefully remove the excess funds, such insulation will not be visible at all on the frame.
The disadvantages of this insulation: a relatively large price.
Warming window mounting foamIf there are large gaps between the frame and the wall, putty and cotton wool will not help here, you will have to resort to more serious methods of insulation, for example, to the mounting foam.
It is used when installing plastic windows as a heat-insulating cushion, is not afraid of moisture and will last more than one year.
Polyurethane foam can be normal and frost resistant.
Their thermal insulation properties and resistance to frost are similar, the difference in what temperature they freeze. Ordinary foam sets faster when the temperature is above zero, frost resistant - more like cold. The choice between these two types depends on what time of year and decided to take care of the insulation of your window construction.
For foam, have to buy a special gun.
How to insulate windows for the winter?
You will find its foam itself in any hardware store.
Before foaming it is necessary to moisten the gaps with a sprayer: the mounting foam is faster to harden at high humidity.
When the preparatory work is finished, put the foam tube on the gun. Holding the tub upside down, shake the package thoroughly. Foam up slots from top to bottom and from left to right. After hardening, cut off the remnants of the foam with a regular knife.
In order to hide the foam, use a putty, and then paint.
The disadvantages of this warming: will have to update the coating of old wooden windows, otherwise they will look very unaesthetic.
Thermal insulation of the sash with a sealEarlier we considered how to insulate wooden windows for the winter, if there are cracks on the frame or at the junction of the ryma with the wall, now we will tell how to warm the window sash.
To do this, you need a professional compactor, which can be purchased at a hardware store.
It is sold by the meter, so before buying it is necessary to measure the sash perimeter.
It is most convenient to warm the windows with a gasket with a sticky side, but it has one major drawback - by the end of winter it can tear itself away from the sash. If this does not stop you, choose a rubber seal on a rubber or silicone base.
It is most resistant to temperature changes and protects windows better than foam rubber counterparts.
Also an excellent means for sealing can serve as a tape PSUL (vapor barrier self-expanding sealing tape)
Do not forget to remove the remnants of the old seal from the sash and thoroughly clean the sealing points.
Dust and dirt on the sash can significantly reduce the life of the compactor.
At the corners of the seal is recommended to cut and stick on each side of the sash a separate strip of tape.
The disadvantages of such weatherization: we can say that they are not.
Such a seal will last for a long time and will be inexpensive.
Thermal insulation of the sash foam
The cheapest way to heat the sash is to use regular foam rubber. Of course, it is less practical than to insulate wooden windows for the winter with a professional compactor, but much more economically.
Foam strips can be purchased at the hardware store. You can also use the old foam from furniture or pillows.
In addition, you will need construction glue.
Cut or pick up strips of foam rubber of the required diameter, soak one of the sides with such tape with glue and glue around the perimeter of the sash. Hold the window open for a few minutes in order for the glue to grab a little, then close the lid and allow the glue to finally harden for another 30 minutes.
The disadvantages of such insulation: a small service life.
Thermal insulation of plastic windows
It is believed that plastic windows are of the highest quality in terms of sealing, but sometimes it happens that one of them starts to blow.
In this case, resort to thermal insulation.
Thermal insulation of plastic windowsor simply their warming, can be done in several ways.
Firstly, it is warming slopes. If you have determined that the cold comes from the gap that formed at the junction of the slopes with the frame, then:
- it is necessary to resort to leveling the slopes by dismantling them and subsequent assembly,
- It is necessary to use insulating plasterboard, mineral wool or polyurethane foam.
In the modern market of building materials such "insulation" is enough.
Secondly, it is the weatherization of the very space of the frame. Insulation with heat-insulating materials of the sash frame solves such a problem as “blowing from a closed window”.
Materials for warming windows
And yet the better to warm?
Consider a few of the most popular "insulation", their advantages and disadvantages.
1. Thermoplastic elastomer
- short service life
- sensitive to low temperatures.
2. Ethylene propylene rubber
- due to its hardness it is difficult to mount.
- Often this material is used in cases when the structures themselves will be painted in the future.
Sio thermal insulation material
- suitable for windows of any configuration
- environmentally friendly.
Choosing materials for warming windows, mainly guided by the ratio of price and quality, as well as the ease of installation of a "heater".
In addition to the above heat-insulating materials, others are often used: tubular profiles, foam rubber, heat-insulating film.
Sometimes plastic windows insulate not only from the inside, but also from the outside.
Warming windows using Swedish technology
As the name implies, this technology is home to Sweden. This is a great way to restore wooden windows in the case when there are no funds for plastic. Its essence in principle is simple: in the milled groove in the portions of the porch mounted seal on silicone, and all the glasses sit on the sealant.
How to insulate plastic windows for the winter with your own hands - we will teach!
Such work is performed by specialized teams that follow a special technology.
If you decide to "try" this technology on your own windows, you should remember that it is risky to save on the sealer.
High-quality seal – it is a guarantee of durability of your windows.
In contrast to the sealing of windows, this method allows you to freely open and close the window frames.
In order for your metal-plastic windows to last as long as possible, it is recommended to resort to their preventive repair from time to time.
Preventive repair of PVC windows includes adjustment of windows, lubrication of window fittings, replacement of rubber seal.