Earwigwhich many people know as dvuvostok, an insect widespread in the European and eastern part of the country. Settles next to human housing, preferring agricultural buildings. Shows activity at dusk and at night, and during the day hides in secluded places.
The appearance of the earwig next to a human dwelling is not accidental, the insect attracts an abundance of cultivated and garden plants, which are also included in its diet. In dry years, the pest can bring considerable damage to agriculture.
There are various methods of preventing the emergence of earwigs and the destruction of pests by folk methods. For example, the first thing that is recommended for prevention is to clear the area of plant debris, remove the leaves and burn. This is necessary in order to deprive insects of comfortable places of stay. These are the space behind the stones, in the compost pits, economic rags, straw and other places with high humidity. Therefore, long-term storage of all kinds of garbage on the site is not allowed. Greenhouses and sheds need to be regularly aired so that there is no earwig with brothers. To insect penetrated into the house, it is desirable to inspect it and eliminate the cracks and holes.
Now consider the specific methods of dealing with the earwig. All methods can be divided into two groups: methods of scaring and destruction. Let's start with the first group
1. Scaring techniques.
The following manipulations are suitable if the parasites have managed to get a divorce not so much. To repel earwigs from the area, you can use the following herbal infusions:
In order to enhance the effectiveness of herbal infusions, they need to add soap. The resulting infusion is watered.
- infusion of onions,
- infusion of garlic,
- decoction of yarrow,
- boric acid powder.
The listed substances should be sprayed on the beds. In the case of indoor plants, you just need to smear the flower pots.
2. Fighter methods.
Proved their effectiveness homemade earwig traps. Insects can be caught in several ways:
- The first option is quite simple: you need take more rags, it is good to moisten them in water and just spread out around the seedlings at night. Pests will not stand in front of a wet object and get on rags. In the morning it will be necessary only to roll them and throw them out.
- The second way is more intricate: flower pots and wet hay are required. The second is placed in the first, after which the pots are placed at night upside down near the seedlings. In the morning you need to collect the pots and shake out the assembled inside the earwigs away from their site.
- The third way: take a damp cloth or paper, roll it up into a tube and place it in a plant pot. Most likely, the earwig will choose a trap as a day shelter, and you will only have to carefully destroy the traps along with the insects.
If the results obtained by the self-destruction of earwigs, you do not satisfy, use the help of specialists of the company "ECO-CAPITAL".
Peculiarities of the life of insects
Two rather long tails of an insect, for which it is sometimes called a two-sided, are modified cerks. The device helps the insect to keep prey, often used for self-defense.
Earwig feels comfortable in damp and dark rooms, with pleasure it makes habitable rooms for animals, unheated lofts.
- Earwig is an insect that undergoes an incomplete transformation; three stages of development are an egg, a larva, and an adult.
- Females are very fertile, in winter laying they lay from 30 to 60 eggs, in spring - up to 20 eggs.
In the light of the day, it can be found under the fallen leaves, stones and in wood crevices. In terms of feeding, it is considered a scavenger rather than a predator, since it usually attacks only sedentary insects - aphid, spider mites, does not shun on feeding on the remains of insects.
Danger to humans
The name of the parasite “earwig” creates terrible suspicions in consciousness. And indeed, around the insect walks the myth of his passion to climb into the human ear. In fact, the earwig is no more interested in this than most other insects: ants, cockroaches, and so on. An earwig can get into a human's ear, but it is unlikely to strive to do this, since it does not promise any food to it. To get it from there is not difficult: it is enough to drop hydrogen peroxide in the ear. The main discomfort will be in those sounds that will be heard by the victim, while the individual will rustle in his ear in an attempt to get out.
Also, concerns can arise when seeing the impressive claws in the back of the earwig. Do not be afraid, they are designed primarily for food retention. They can also pinch a man with a claw, but this happens rarely and only for self-defense. This does not bring much pain.
Earwig bite is also a common occurrence. The result is a slight swelling, it is possible the appearance of bubbles. It is enough to treat the bite with medical alcohol or table vinegar.
Hazard to the garden plot
The main wrecking activity of the earwig deploys not in a person’s ears, but in his garden.
The earwig is dangerous mainly due to the fact that a large population can cause significant damage to garden plants. Let's see what the insect’s pest activity is:
- During feeding, an earwig individual makes holes in the foliage, which can lead to the death of the plant,
- Eats young shoots, berries and fruits, making them unsuitable for food,
- Destroys home plants and seedlings
- Contaminates the crop with excrement.
It is worth noting that the earwig is taken for domesticated plants mainly in dry years, which greatly increases the agricultural damage.
If you do not control the number of insects, losses from earwigs can be very noticeable.
As already mentioned, plant food is included in the insect's diet - mosses, lichens, plant pollen, as well as agricultural and flower crops.
Among the main delicacies of earwig are grapes, peaches, dahlias, chrysanthemums. An earwig can climb inside fruits and berries only through passages made by some other insects (caterpillars, for example).
Earwig - why is it called that?
Earwig - a small insect, something similar to a cockroach. At the posterior end of the body, it shows characteristic processes in the shape of forceps. Due to this, another earwig is widely known - dvuvostok or two-tailed cockroach. These insects use limbs as a weapon for self-defense. When a danger occurs, the earwig sets processes in the direction of a potential threat and can pinch them quite sensitively.
The second purpose of the “forceps” is a mechanism for holding prey. The length of the insect reaches 1.5 - 3 cm. The earwig has webbed wings, in some of its subspecies even two pairs of wings are noted, but it moves mainly along the ground.
The insect owes its name to the rather stable myth that it likes to climb a person in the auricle. In fact, such cases are encountered with an earwig no more than with any other small insects.
Where is the earwig?
The insect lives mostly on the street, preferring damp and cool places: clusters of faded leaves, compost pits, as well as various crevices and indentations (for example, under fallen trees or stones). The activity of the insect manifests mainly at night.
Less commonly, earwigs are found in residential areas. However, in the village or private homes insect is not such a rare guest.
Earwig is an omnivorous insect. Honey, perga, and various garden and garden crops are found in her diet. The earwig feeds on fruits, leaves and stems of plants. All this makes the insect quite a dangerous garden pest.
The earwig propagates by laying eggs, as a rule, the female lays up to 60 eggs. Larvae hatch from eggs, which later grow into an adult insect. The whole process of conversion from egg to adult occurs within one year. Eggs are laid by the female in late summer or early fall. The first larvae appear in May-June.
How to deal with earwigs on the plot?
For pest control, experts advise a number of effective measures. First of all, it is recommended to periodically, seasonally (spring-autumn), dig up the garden plot. With this method you can get rid of eggs, larvae, as well as hibernating adult insects.
In addition, it is necessary to keep the site in order: clean up the faded leaves, tops and other waste of plant origin.
Various traps are quite effective in the fight with earwigs. The trap is set up in the following way: inverted containers (flower pots or cans) are placed on the site, various bait (branches, tops, grain) are laid out near and inside the containers. Capacities can be greased from the inside with vegetable oil. Insects are trapped and can't get out. They can be destroyed by any method of your choice (burn, pour boiling water or crush).
Often other methods are used by gardeners, such as scaring off earwigs. For repellent used various tinctures with a pungent smell that does not like insects. Essences based on vinegar, onion and garlic, wormwood or tansy are used as solutions for the treatment of plantations and the adjacent territory. The foliage, plant stems, boxes, and garden fences are handled using a spray or spray gun.
Instead of homemade solutions, you can use specialized pesticides to control pests.
Features of dealing with earwigs in a residential area
The fight against earwigs inside an apartment or apartment building is not very different from the fight with ordinary cockroaches. Among folk remedies the most popular use of balls based on boric acid and egg yolk. However, when using this method, it is necessary to limit the access of insects to water, otherwise it will not help.
Various household poisons, among which common dichlorvos is most popular, will effectively help in the fight against earwigs. It is necessary to treat with poison the places of potential habitat of insects: cracks, depressions, cracks.
It is also recommended to get rid of the places of potential habitat of insects: close up cracks and holes, as well as maintain order and dryness in the house.
Is earwig bite dangerous?
For humans, the insect, as a rule, does not pose a special danger - earwigs are not poisonous. However, it can bite. Being protected from danger, the earwig can quite painfully bite with its forceps. After a bite, skin blistering is possible, as well as an allergic reaction.
It is recommended to treat the bite site with any antiseptic agents and, if necessary, seek medical help.
Earwig - she's a pincer
Such an insect met each of us - a photo of an adult
With increased humidity in the room there are "guests" - dvuhvostok (they are also tweezers). Nimble insects, mostly small: up to 2 cm in length. In this case, females look smaller (only 14 mm in length), whereas males reach 17 mm. It is easy to recognize by characteristic signs what an insect-earwig looks like from a photo.
- The sexually mature omnivorous insect from the order of the Coleoptera is distinguished by a segmented oblong belly of brown or brown color.
- It develops with an incomplete transformation: there are eggs, but there is no pupal stage.
- The size of the eyes is very small, so it seems that they are missing.
- But there are short wings that allow insects to fly almost vertically, but they do it extremely rarely.
- No poisonous glands.
- Move the tongs on the running view of the legs.
- Characteristic long, reaching half of the calf, two segmented mustache. Located in the front of the small heart-shaped head.
- At the end of the calf (in the last segment), the appendages-jingles differ. Perform a dual function: protective and practical (keep the prey). They are different: thin filamentary or claw-like.
- Another type of protection is a source of foul-smelling, but completely harmless, brownish liquid.
- Insects overwinter in the ground, burrowing deep into 2 m.
Way of being
What else is interesting earwig - where it lives and what eats? Prefers wet places, characterized by constant dampness. In nature, these are beds and leaf litter in gardens. Especially a lot of insects here after rain, in cloudy and windy weather. If they have chosen bee evidence, then they live there comfortably: warmth and food (honey, bee bread and even bee larvae) are near. The maximum activity is observed with a minimum difference between day and night temperatures.
In the dwelling of a person rarely crawl. Habitat - bathroom, kitchen, cellar, deaf storage rooms, cellars, corridors and other poorly ventilated rooms. But can get into bed and wet and warm sheets at night. The hidden lifestyle of the earwig is considered characteristic. Going to fish in the dark, so does not come into the view of a person. When it is light outside, the arthropod hides in the bark of a tree, climbs under stones, fallen trees.
Man and dvuvostok: peaceful coexistence
If we talk about the danger of an insect to humans, the situation does not look so dramatic. Earwigs beetles with their stings (cerks) protect themselves from external danger. Attacks a person only for their own protection. If you accidentally pin down in a dream or step on a pinch, you can feel quite a sickly, itchy bite with claws to form small lesions at the site of the lesion. Puncture can be deep, until blood.
Recommendation! If the insect is bitten, the inflamed area should be washed with soap and treated with a disinfectant liquid. People who are prone to allergies, take an antihistamine.
Earwheel troubles can be of this type:
- Inflammation of the bite site and infection while scratching the skin.
- The likelihood of infection with an enzyme injected into the bloodstream during a bite.
- Allergy sufferers may manifest a reaction to a foreign secret in the form of swelling, blistering, with the subsequent formation of itchy scabs at the site of bursting blisters.
- Danger of getting dvukhvoski in the ear cavity during sleep. The probability of this is insignificant: no more than another small insect. But if, nevertheless, it happened, you need to contact the otolaryngologist to extract it.
- The possibility of harming home and agricultural crops (damaged leaves, young shoots of seedlings, fruits, roots, flower petals).
Attention! As you can see, the earwig can not deliver serious trouble, because her stings are not poisonous. The fight against insects on the part of man is rather caused by hygienic aspects. Therefore, careful cleaning of the table after a meal and a dry ventilated room are mandatory conditions to prevent the spread of insects. Fruits, bread, "suffer" from it. Eats pollen.
It should be said about the tong, as a natural orderlies of our homes. Earworm eats plant residues, small spider mites, spiders, aphids, other microscopic organisms that live in the room. If the populations of ectoparasites are large, dvuvostok quickly reduce them or even destroy them. But even this “utility” cannot become the reason why it is not necessary to fight the earwig.
How to lime a pest on the dacha
The appearance of at least one individual with claws should alert gardeners. There are several ways to fight.
Lime insect is possible with the help of folk remedies.
- Prepare the territory for the winter. Remove excess garbage, remnants of rotting organics (hay, last year’s leaves, decaying fruits, etc.).
- Deeply dig the beds in the fall, destroying the laying of earwig eggs and other garden pests. Garden, if possible, to plow deep.
- In greenhouses, in addition to deep tillage, provide for intensive ventilation during plant growth. Do not abuse frequent and intensive watering.
- To try to force the arthropods to leave the chosen territory. Used infusions of garlic, laundry soap, onions. Acetic water and boric acid will do. Liquid formulations and solutions in a dispersed form are processed beds and flower pots.
- Watering the garden is better in the morning when the pest hides from the sun.
- The method of "destruction" implies the use of insecticides Karate, Iskra, Inta-vir, others. Apply them to follow the instructions.