Home guinea fowls undeservedly overlooked by many poultry farmers. With proper feeding, the bird gives the most delicious dietary meat and excellent egg quality. The cost of feed for a chicken fowl is less than for chicken meat and egg breed, and the carcass is bigger and tastier.
Guinea fowls are excellently foraged and if they have a walking range or being released into the garden, they will not only provide themselves with food, but also clean the beds from pests.
Feeding young guinea fowl
From the early days of life, they feed the chicken fishes perfectly for starting feed for chicken meat and egg breeds (not broilers) in the form of small pellets or grains. At the same time, young animals develop well on feed mixtures prepared by themselves.
Feeding small guinea fowls feed
The first five days the chicks are fed a mixture of boiled hard-boiled chicken or guinea eggs (the first three days is best to give the yolk) with millet, crushed wheat, corn grits.
Beginning on the third day, eggs in the diet are gradually replaced with low-fat fresh cottage cheese. It should be noted that guinea fowls are very fond of dairy products, they are excellent for them to grow and get stronger in their eyes. Therefore, it is desirable to feed the cottage cheese, sour milk, skim milk.
Guinea fowl on the first day behave apathetic, more lie, warming up under the lamp, and this is completely normal. But if the chick shows no interest in food even on the second day, it is force fed.
Babies with empty goiter are fed with a mixture of boiled yolk, mixed with skim milk. Nutritious foods are fed with a pipette. Then the beak of the chick is immersed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and a finger is gently pressed on the head, forcing him to drink. Usually, after several feedings, the guinea fowl begins to feed on its own.
The youngsters are greedy, and always cleaned up the prescribed portion, but if the wet mash remains in the feeders, they are cleaned no later than 20 minutes after the dacha.
From a week old, they are offered sour milk and return in separate drinkers. It is advisable to give these products plenty.
From the tenth day, the brood is released into the street, at the same time they begin to introduce greens, if necessary, the curd is partially replaced with meat and bone meal. At the same time, barley and oatmeal is added to the mash bags without films.
From the greenery, tsaryat willingly eat the healthy feathers of onions, nettles, dandelions, quinoa, clover, in small quantities of alfalfa.
Many poultry farmers have a desire to start giving greens to young chicks, it seems very useful for a growing organism. But in fact, this approach to feeding turns out to be erroneous - kids with a big appetite will eat dandelions to the detriment of more nutritious concentrated feeds, having lost good gains at the start.
Guinea fowl age 6 weeks
In an open-air cage or a room, not far from the feeding troughs, boxes are placed with mineral dressing - shell, chalk, and fine gravel is poured separately. Do not give sand to poultry - this will lead to inflammation of the cuticle and will do more harm than good.
Experienced breeders of guinea fowls from two weeks of age add slightly crushed Colorado beetles and their larvae to the mash. A competently-fed bird will later enthusiastically peck up pests on potato plantations, gaining weight and eliminating their owners from the need to use pesticides.
By the age of two weeks, they start gradually transferring from loose agitators to dry mixes - this makes feeding easier and stimulates the bird to forage better. A good way is to feed a dry mix in the morning, at lunch a wet mash based on grated root vegetables or greens and skim meat, flavored with grain and bran.
In the evening, the birds are given a dry grain mixture. The more the bird becomes more mature, the more coarse the grinding is given. By the age of one month, the fowl are mixed with whole grains of wheat and, later, maize.
Approximate consumption of final feeds when feeding young guinea fowls (g per head per day):
- 1-20 days - 10-15 g
- 21-35 days - 20-25 g
- 36-48 days - 30-40 g
- 49-77 days - 45-50 g
- 78-112 days - 55-60 g
- 112-179 days - 65-75 g
- 180 days and older - 80-100 g
With proper and balanced feeding, the youngsters of the most common gray speckled breed gain such weight:
- 7 days - 50 g
- 14 days - 90 g
- 21 days - 150 g
- 28 days - 220 g
- 63 days - 800 g
- 84 days - 1100 g
- 150-160 days - 1400 g
By 12 weeks (84 days), about 3.5–4 kg of concentrated feed will be spent on the received 1 kg gain.
Rates and approximate diet
Whether the diet of guinea fowers meets their needs can be indirectly judged by the state and growth of feathers:
- on the 4-5th day, wing feathers appear on the wings and tail feathers,
- for 18-20 days plumage on the tummy and back,
- by 25th day or a little earlier, the czarina is fully fledged.
By one and a half months, the young growth is colored as adult individuals, and by three months of age horn growths form on the head, earrings stand out brightly.
During this period of the beginning of puberty, which in this bird is very long and ends by 8-8.5 months. Guinea fowls are very susceptible to adverse conditions, especially dampness, are restless and may be subject to infectious diseases. In order to strengthen the immune system, it is advisable that a vitamin complex, for example, Chiktonik, be grown up for five to seven days to have grown to guinea fowls.
What kind of food can be given to guinea fowls?
Before proceeding to a detailed description of feeding guinea fowls, you need to decide what kind of food they eat at all - what can you buy and harvest?
- Cereals are as important for this bird as for any other. Best guinea fowl digested oats, barley, corn, wheat.
- Greens are given in large quantities, if the bird does not walk or in small, if it happens every day on walking. Guinea fowls can be: clover, nettle, dandelion, cabbage, lettuce, alfalfa.
- Succulent feed - mash of root vegetables and vegetables.
- Hay and hay dust is a solid feed and is given after steaming and grinding - it is mixed in the mash.
It is necessary to decide on what kind of food guinea fowls generally eat.
Also separately worth making guinea fowls capacity with gravel, crushed shell and chalk. They are necessary for cleansing the stomach, but in addition, chalk and shell (especially if it is sea), contain many minerals necessary for guinea fowls.
What feed guinea fowl from the first days of life?
Feeding guinea fowls for up to a month is the most important and crucial period. At this age, they are most susceptible to diseases, so you need to ensure that they have high-quality food, a balanced diet, fresh water.
- On the first day of life, guinea fowls are given a boiled hard-boiled and chopped egg. To this can be mixed or given separately after a couple of hours soaked in milk bread or soft porridge from wheat grain. Before serving, the bread must be well ground so that the chicks do not choke. Sometimes, from the first day, guinea fowls are fed with feed for broiler chickens. If the feed is large, it is simply ground. Vitamins can be added to water to increase the body resistance of newborn guinea fowls to diseases.
Feeding guinea fowls for up to a month is the most important and crucial period.
Feeding guinea fowls at home from the first day of their life is carried out 8 times a day - every 2 hours. By the age of one month, this amount should be reduced to 5 times.
Clean water should always be in the chicks. You need to change it as often as possible. Guinea fowl chicks can be active. They run, drive dust and can quickly contaminate the drinker. Therefore, the purity of water must be monitored and changed from time to time.
The diet of guinea fowls from 1 month
From the month of guinea fowl can be considered quite adult. They are fully translated to adult food. Feeding guinea fowls is now carried out 2-3 times a day. In the morning and in the afternoon, the mash is made of succulent fodder and wet cereal from cereals, and in the evening they give dry grain. It is slowly digested, and therefore until the morning the guinea fowl will not starve.
From the month of guinea fowl can be considered quite adult.
Poultry rations begin to include cereal or vegetable mash with meat waste, chopped peas, finely chopped fish, and yeast. All of these products contain a lot of protein, because you should not include them all at once. Usually given at a time any one of the products listed.
If a bird is fed with mixed feed, then it needs to eat 150 g of mixed feed and 50 g of greens per day. In addition, must be freely available shell, chalk. If guinea fowls are fed with simple homemade food, then per day an adult individual needs to be eaten: 90 g of cereals, 30-50 g of greens, 15 g of fish or meat meal, 20-30 g of root vegetables, 15 g of hay, 6 g of yeast, 5 g of shells , 3 g of fish oil and 0.3-1 g of salt.
How and what to feed guinea fowl in the winter?
In terms of feeding, guinea fowls are very similar to chickens. Feed them almost as well. In certain periods of the year, they are given more than those or other products that are available in abundance. So, in the spring of the basis of food are insects, if there is walking. In summer, the greens of all possible varieties are actively eaten. In the fall, guinea fowls prefer to feast on leaves, seeds, berries. But what to give guinea fowl in the winter?
In addition to those products that were described above and are available in abundance in winter, and not only in the warm season, it is also worth adding a few new products to the diet of guinea fries in the winter.
Supplements to guinea fries in the winter
- The needles of spruce contain a lot of vitamins, trace elements, essential oils and in fact it is the only greens that can be found on the street in winter. It is given not just like that, entirely, because the bird will not be able to eat it. First, the needles are crushed in a meat grinder or blender, and only then given to guinea fowls, mixing them in masses or feeding them separately, as a delicacy.
- The shell of eggs is given mainly to females, which are carried, because there is a lot of calcium in it.
- Ash - some guinea fowls may eat ash in winter, as it is rich in nutrients.
- Silo is the perfect substitute for greenery in winter. It is easy to buy it, but in terms of nutritional value, it has practically no equal, except perhaps the green itself.
- Germinated grain is very useful for guinea fowls, and it is not difficult to make it.
It is important to note that in the winter, feeding of guinea fowls at home is carried out not 2-3 times, but 3-4 times a day. The reason is that guinea fowls almost do not walk in the winter, and even if they are often released, they are unlikely to find food. Therefore, you need to fill the lack of food in the house, and this can be done only by increasing the portions and the number of feed.
Guinea fowl - an unusual bird, in the compound it is rare to meet, but it feeds for the most part, like the usual chickens. The following are tips for feeding guinea fowls, which will help settle the diet and make it most effective for the guinea fowl to grow and develop as quickly as possible.
Newborn guinea fowls need feeding in just a couple of hours.
- Newborn guinea fowls need feeding in a couple of hours. The longer they do not get food, the worse, so for their birthday you need to be prepared in advance.
- Little guinea fowls are always given only fresh food. The reason is that they simply refuse to eat sour, spoiled food. But, in addition, it is very harmful and can cause diarrhea, and then the death of a bird.
- Instead of shells, breeders often give crushed egg shells. In small quantities, it is not harmful, but with frequent feeding, guinea fowls become aggressive, and cannibalism can even be observed.
Feeding the young
Guinea fowl at home breeding, it is necessary to feed the same way as regular chickens. But, there is a slight difference, since guinea fowl chicks have an increased weight and size - there should be more protein in their food. To do this, the diet includes: low-fat cottage cheese, milk powder, wheat and corn kernels (crushed). From the first days, the main food of babies is boiled egg, finely chopped greens, fodder yeast, fish and meat and bone meal. With regards to the timing of the introduction of a new meal:
- Starting from the 5th day of life, mineral feeds are added to the diet.
- From 14 days old, chopped cabbage, carrots, chopped lettuce, dandelions and clover are added to food.
The first 10 days of the Tsaryat should be fed 8 times a day, gradually reducing the number of feedings, in order to arrive at 4 meals a day after the chicks have reached one month of age.
The use of animal feed will help create a balanced diet at home. With proper care, after 90 days, the chicks will enjoy a body weight of 1-1.5 kg.
If you do not have fresh cottage cheese, you can use sour milk (without whey), just strain it through gauze in 4-5 additions or a fine sieve.
The menu of chicks depends on their age:
- 1-30 days. Grain mixture 40-65 g, cake 20-25 g, fish or meat and bone meal 3-10 g, cottage cheese 8-10g., Greens or vegetables 1-3 g, mineral food 2-3 g
- 31-90 days. Grain mixture 55-65 g, cake 18-22 g, fish or meat and bone meal 6-10 g, cottage cheese 6-10 g, greens or vegetables 3-5 g, mineral food 3-4 g
- 91-120 days. Grain mixture 60-65 g, cake 12-14 g, fish or meat and bone meal 2-4 g, cottage cheese 2-4 g, greens or vegetables 6-8 g, mineral food 3-4 g.
- 121-210 days. Grains 60-65 g., Wheat bran 3-5 g., Cake 8-10 g., Fish or meat and bone meal 2-4 g., Cottage cheese 4 g., Greens or vegetables 10 g., Mineral food 3-4 g. .
Feeding adult birds
Adults guinea fowls at home are not whimsical to feed. Their daily diet consists of 150-160 grams. feed, it can even be replaced with a grain mixture (of 3-4 types of grain). In winter and spring, feeding of guinea fowls takes place with the addition of green fodder, grass, and vegetable tops. 1 guinea fowl accounts for 40-50 grams. green feed per day.
Gather the tops, grass or herbs immediately before feeding. Guinea fowls reluctantly eat sticking green fodder. Grain for day feeding, you can replace the porridge, potatoes, pumpkin.
When growing guinea fowls at home, it is necessary to provide them with free range. Adults will help you get rid of slugs, Colorado beetles, worms on the site.
If you keep royal birds in cages or a closed pen - be sure to provide them with a sufficient number of animal feed. It can be boiled meat, fish, low-fat cottage cheese.
The feeding of adult guinea fowls 3 times a day: morning - (no later than 8 hours), daytime - (13-14 hours), evening - (18-19 hours).
Food in wet weather
If the weather is damp and cool, the birds give water at room temperature and change it 3-4 times a day.
Monitor the quality of feed and cereals. If the food is spoiled, covered with mold or wet, guinea fowls cannot be fed to them. In birds, a very sensitive stomach, food poisoning can lead to death or illness.
Also, in cloudy weather, guinea fowls are prepared with hydrated feed mixed with fodder yeast (at the rate of 0.5 g. Yeast per 1 fowl) and in a separate feeder they should have mineral food.
The approximate composition of mineral feed.
- Pounded chalk.
- Ash wood.
- Large river sand.
- Crushed shells.
- Small gravel.
Approximately 1 guinea fowl per year will require:
- 33 kg of feed.
- 2.1 kg of mineral feed.
- 12 kg of green feed.
- 4 kg of animal feed (cellular content).
- 4 kg of vegetables.
In the diet of guinea fowls should be mineral feed, grains, vegetables, greens (it must be freshly harvested). The water in the drinkers is always clean; once a week, you can give them a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Feed young animals with a higher content of the protein component. If feeding guinea fowl will take place according to all the above rules - they will delight you with excellent meat and lots of eggs.
Feeding adult guinea fowls at home is not much different from feeding chickens of meat and egg breeds. Intensive fattening is carried out with the use of granular high-grade compound feed for meat poultry, for example, for turkeys.
Feeding guinea fowls with granulated feed
Per day, the guinea fowl needs about 90-95 g of concentrated feed. Combined feeding is economically feasible - in the morning and in the evening they give half the daily norm of final feed in the form of whole grains - a mixture of wheat, corn or oats. The bird eats whole crude barley reluctantly, therefore it is better to crush it.
The other half of the norm of the grain is smoothed over the oil and mixed into the wet mashes based on kitchen waste, skim milk, grated root crops or mashed boiled potatoes. In wintertime, they add hay dust or leaves of harvested brooms from hardwood trees, nettle. In the summer, they add chopped greens - herbs, alfalfa, vetch and other herbs to the mash.
The optimal composition of the grain mixture:
- wheat 50%
- oats 20%
- corn 5%
- barley 10%
- bran 5%
- sunflower meal (crown) 10%
Wheat, oats and corn are interchangeable, but these crops should not be replaced with barley. A variety of juicy, green food offer at the rate of 40-50 g per head per day.
Be sure the constant presence of chalk, shells and gravel. This bird forms eggs with a very dense, thick shell up to 0.5 mm thick. For this, it needs sufficient minerals.
For feeding guinea fowls in the egg-laying period, per one hen, chalk and shell are prepared at the rate of 5 g per day, 4-5 meat and bone meal or fish meal, which is added to the mash, replenishing protein deficiency.
В начале лета у птицы может начаться преждевременная линька, которая способна нанести значительный урон продуктивности – как мясной, так и яичной. Чтобы этого не произошло, в рацион цесарок вводят бобовые культуры, капустный лист, много свежей зелени.
If the bird begins to lose feathers, meat and bone meal and some colloidal sulfur powder must be added to the mash - this component is necessary for the normal development of feathers. A lot of sulfur is contained in cabbage and legumes.
Experience keeping and feeding guinea fowls at home