Orchid this kind of houseplant that has a reputation as a flower moody and demanding. It seems that only experienced flower growers can fully ensure the proper care or reproduction of orchids at home.
In fact, everything is not so scary! For many types of home-orchid flowers, it is quite possible to care at the amateur level, and grow in pots.
Proper care - a pledge of healthy and beautiful orchids.
For the successful development of your new facets of floriculture while growing orchids, you must follow a few simple rules.
It is not a secret for anyone that the proper care of an orchid at home, a pledge of the flower’s continued excellent state of health, and a healthy plant will surely delight you with its lush and long flowering - even in winter.
How to choose the right lighting?
Orchids are plants, quite demanding of sunlight, and if they do not receive it in the required amount, then they will have to forget about flowering.
In the opposite situation, when the lighting is too intense, your flower may die from sunburn.
The best option: put the orchid away from direct sunlight, taking care to have a lot of diffused light in this place.
In spring and summerWhen the solar radiation is quite aggressive and intense, orchid should be provided with shading, which will allow the flower to more easily survive the transition from a gloomy and cool winter to a hot and sunny summer. To this end, you can use the usual gauze or tulle, turning them in several layers.
A distinctive feature of an orchid is a rather long and difficult period of restoration of its root system after transplantation, therefore It is not recommended to do it immediately after purchasing a flower, in order to avoid the appearance of various diseases of the root system, which complicates further care.
As a rule, the shelf life of the substrate is approximately two or three yearstherefore, when transplanting plants, it is necessary to adhere to these terms.
Also testify about the need for a transplant The following symptoms may occur:
- there was a strong shrinkage of the substrate
- there was a smell of rotten leaves or mold
- after watering the pot becomes harder than before
- looks weak and depressed
- the roots of the plant have become gray or brown.
Moving on to the transplant process:
- As carefully as possible, trying not to damage the roots of the flower, pull it out of the pot with a lump of substrate. In case of difficulties, the used container can be cut.
- Plant-free plant put in a bowl of warm water for sodden earthy coma. Wash away the remnants of the substrate from the roots with a shower. After that, carefully inspect the plant, removing all dead, rotten and old parts of its roots. The places of the cuts are powdered with wood ash. After completing this procedure, lay the orchids on paper towels until they are completely dry.
- In the new pot pour a layer of expanded clay or broken ceramic shards for drainage. Layer thickness must be at least 5 cm.
- Pour a layer of substrate (also about 5 cm) and planting orchids. If the plant has long stems, set the specially prepared pegs and tie them to them. Add the substrate again, slightly sealing it. Secure the roots with wire. This should be done for better fixation of the roots before the final “engraftment” of the orchid. Pot lowered into the water for a short time. After the water has drained, re-examine the pot. If the roots are bare, the amount of substrate should be increased.
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How to water and feed?
Proper watering of orchids is an integral part of caring for these beautiful plants, therefore, it is also worth taking it very seriously and responsibly, trying to follow the following rules:
- water should be plentiful, but not very often, using warm water (room temperature or a couple of degrees higher),
- irrigation and spraying is best done in the morning,
- When watering, the water should not fall on the flowers, otherwise they will lose their attractiveness and quickly fade,
- watering plants, you need to make sure that water does not stagnate in the core of the flower rosette and in the axils of its leaves,
- excess water must be completely removed from the pot.
As for feeding orchids, then for this purpose special complex fertilizers are usually used, which can be purchased at flower shops.
Keep in mindthat in different periods of their life the plants need different minerals. During the vegetative period of development and growth they need nitrogen.
When laying buds, the formation of inflorescences and during flowering - orchids require an increase in potassium and phosphorus.
Phalaenopsis - growing features
Phalaenopsis is considered the most common type grown in indoor conditions. The plant is quite light and heat-loving, and this must be taken into account when choosing its location.
With the exception of the autumn periodwhen falenopish is at rest, the temperature of the air around it should be at least +18 degrees.
Like other species, prefers soft, diffused light, but feels good and away from the window, in the presence of artificial lighting.
An important condition for development and growth: correct watering and lack of drafts.
Prefers fine spraying, and at the same time it is necessary to ensure that water does not touch the flowers. You can simply wipe the leaves of phalaenopsis regularly with a damp cloth.
Water their best warm water, previously undergoing the process of purification and settling.
This can be done in two ways:
- arranging the plant "Tropical rain" for 5-10 minutes,
- placing the plant pot in the water for a short time.
In a period of intensive growth and flowering phalaenopsis orchid need to feed. But it is also necessary to remember that its excess amount leads to cracking of its leaves.
Optimal conditions for flowering: room temperature from +18 to +25 degrees, a sufficient amount of light and moisture. In such circumstances, phalaenopsis can bloom up to six months.
How to properly care for Wanda?
Like orchids of other species, Wanda cannot be called a flower, light and unpretentious to care for, especially when grown in glass.
As a rule, plants of this species are sold in baskets, in which the substrate is almost completely absent. In addition, wire pots and nets can also be used to grow them.
Wanda's distinctive feature their high demands on light, as well as on temperature conditions, which should fluctuate within + 22-25 degrees, with air humidity in the room 70-80%.
Watering the plant during its vegetative activity should be carried out every 2-3 days. At the same time, once every two weeks flower feeding.
During the rest period Do not water or feed.
To maintain optimum humidity when growing orchids Wanda You can use special air humidifiersor containers filled with water.
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Dwarf orchids occupy among their more tall and conspicuous "tribeswoman" occupy no less worthy place, taking advantage of the deserved love of many gardeners.
It is quite simple to care for such a plant:
- growing exercise best in a transparent pot, placing it in a place remote from direct and bright sunlight. The best choice would be the eastern or western windows of your apartment,
- Besides, water it once a week by immersion in warm water for 15-20 minutes,
- once in two weeks in the "bathing water" is necessary add fertilizer.
Orchid Vanda: features of careOrchids can be grown not only in specialized areas, but also at home. It is important to understand that due to the “tropical roots” of Wanda, home care will require a lot of effort.
To achieve success in growing a flower, you need to create a number of conditions and maintain them: temperature, moisture, fertilizer, lighting.
The main varieties and types of orchids
The Vanda orchid is a plant up to 90 cm high, leaves are belt-shaped, up to 20 cm long. Peduncles emit up to six flowers. At first they are small and pale, and after a few days they become large and bright.
The main feature of this type of orchid are powerful branched roots (can be up to two meters long). Orchid Flower Vanda has about 50 varieties and only four species. Let us consider in more detail what types of Wanda exist.
Chess Wanda. This type of plant is common in Southeast Asia. It has epiphytic (not requiring soil) climbing roots, flower color is golden yellow, leaves are lamellar, cylindrical in shape.
Wanda lamellar. The birthplace of this flower is the Philippines. It grows in tropical forests with abundant rainfall. The leaves are elongated, the height of the shoots is 40 cm. The flowers grow from the central stem, the color is yellow-brown, the flower diameter is 3 cm.Tricolor Wanda. It has an erect stem up to 1.5 m, the leaves are belt-shaped with a leathery structure. A distinctive feature of this type are short inflorescences with large flowers, which can be up to ten. Color - white or cream with brown spots.
Calyx and petals are wavy, egg-shaped, wide claw. The lip is three-lobed, has the same size as the flowers. The lateral lobes are small, the central one is large, purple or pink, in the shape of a guitar.
Valkovaya Wanda. Treats large epiphytes. The trunk length of up to two meters, located to a strong branching, can creep. Valkovatye leaves - long and narrow.
Peduncle has up to six reproductive organs of pink or red. The lip has three colored blades: the central one is purple and the lateral ones are yellow with red spots.
All about landing WandaAs is already clear, the plant does not necessarily plant in the ground. If, for aesthetic reasons, you still decide to grow a Vanda orchid in a pot, you need to consider that the soil should be quick-drying.
In the pot you need to make a lot of holes for full access of air to the roots. For successful growth, you need to properly plant the plant and create comfortable conditions for it.
Climatic conditions for successful growth
The most important when growing orchids Wanda is the climate. Since it is the temperature difference contributes to flowering. When buying a plant, be sure to find out what temperature conditions you need to follow.
Due to the fact that different species originate from different localities, their temperature is also different. For plants originally from the plains, temperatures of 35 ºC are not terrible. Plants originating from the highlands require moderate temperatures and do not tolerate heat.
The optimum temperature range is +22. +27 ºС during the active growing season and not less than +14 ºС during the rest period (autumn-winter).Active blooming contributes to fluctuations in day and night temperatures of 5 degrees. If the room temperature exceeds the permissible range, it is necessary to ensure sufficient air humidity of 70-80%.
Orchid planting schemes
Since this plant is epiphytic, it is grown in three ways:
- using substrate. For the substrate is best suited pine bark or pine with the addition of sphagnum. If desired, you can buy ready-made substrate in the store. The pot should be taken more freely so that the roots are not crowded, and there are many holes in it to provide ventilation,
- growing in glass vessels. The vase should be stable and not too high. It should fit only the roots, the green part of the plant should go beyond the vase (because the flower needs a lot of light, and the glass retains the sun's rays)
- growing with bare root system. To do this, simply place the Wanda orchid in the basket and hang it on the window.
How to water a flowerWanda orchid irrigation mode depends on the conditions under which the flower is grown. When grown in a substrate, watering is carried out only when the substrate does not just dry out, but dries completely. Frequent watering can lead to root decay.
If the plant is grown in a glass vase or in a hanging basket, water it once a week, and in the spring-summer period - once every three days. The flower is taken to the bathroom, the doors are tightly closed and watered with a hot shower for a few minutes (water temperature is 35-40 ºC).
Then leave the Vanda for about 30 minutes until the leaves dry, and return to the place. Once every two weeks, it is advisable to bathe the roots, immersing them in the pelvis for 20-30 minutes.
Wanda fertilizer difficulties
As the flower grows without soil, difficulties arise with the introduction of dressings. The plant is very demanding to fertilizer. Orchid Vanda needs feeding once a week.
It is carried out by spraying or rubbing the leaves with a special solution of fertilizer for orchids and water (preferably using purified water) in the amount of 1/6 of that indicated on the package.
It is also necessary to take into account the fact that the plant requires active feeding only during the period of violent growth; in the resting stage, the number of dressings is reduced. Orchids are also watered by spraying from a spray bottle.
When and how to transplant a plantSince the plant grows without soil, it does not need transplants. If you decide to grow a flower in a pot, the substrate must be changed every three years: because of the low access of light, the roots rot.
The signal for plant transplantation is the appearance of pimples at the base of the flower - these are new roots. Before they are grown, the plant is transplanted. When the roots grow back two or more centimeters, they become more fragile and can break when transplanted.
Wanda Orchid Breeding Rules at Home
Often we ask ourselves: how to grow orchids at home. Depending on how to care for this flower, the Vanda orchid not only blooms, but also multiplies.
Large plants in the axils of the leaves appear roots, you need to cut off the top of the flower with the roots. Place cut cut with cinnamon or activated carbon.
The cut down process is planted in a pot with a substrate, having made a recess, the roots are gently straightened. Watering the handle of the spray infrequently. Abundant watering begins after the active growth of the germ.
Diseases and pests of the flower
The main pests and diseases of the Wanda orchid are:
- mealybug. The body of an adult individual reaches 3-4 mm, the shape of the body is oval, pink or orange. Insect covered with white bloom (bags of eggs).
Mealybugs gather in colonies on the underside of leaves or on the tips of young shoots, drinking juice from a flower. They lay their offspring in clumps of white cobwebs, and the flower, struck by them, becomes like artificial snow made of cotton wool.
The chervets greatly deplete the plants: the growth of the shoots is slowed down, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. A black fungus can appear on the mucus produced by the worms.
Worm eggs are removed from the flower with a cotton swab or a damp sponge. Then the infected place is washed with a sponge dipped in soapy water or alcohol diluted with water or vodka. If the flower is very affected by the insects, it is better to resort to etching with systemic insecticides,- spider mite. The size of the tick varies from 0.3 to 0.5 mm, females - purple-red, males - bright red. Dry warm premises serve as a favorable environment for its habitat. It is dangerous all year round.
Leaves of a plant infected with spider mites turn yellow and dry. Pests are located on the back of the sheet. The pincers are insidious in that, when unfavorable conditions for their reproduction occur, the female can burrow into the ground and fall into a state of rest before the onset of conditions suitable for life processes.
One female tick lays 150 eggs at a time. If the flower is not strongly affected, you can wash its shoots and leaves with a solution of soapy water, aqueous tincture of garlic. Intensive damage requires the use of insecticides or colloidal sulfur,
- shield. A sign of infection of the flower with a shield is the appearance of yellow dots on the trunk and leaves, which eventually increase in size. Then the leaves turn yellow, curl and fall off. Settling of these pests occurs air flow.When attached to a leaf or stem, they look like scales or growths. Последствием заражения щитовкой является замедление роста, опадание листьев, и в результате растение погибает.
Щитовок удаляют с растения, протирая каждый лист с обеих сторон, стебли и даже место вокруг горшка смоченной в растворе губкой,
- фузариоз. At the base of the sheet appear dark spots. The cause of the disease may be damage to the leaves or roots. As a preventive measure, dead roots and yellow leaves are regularly removed.
If the plant is sick, the damaged part should be cut off, and the place of the cut treated with activated charcoal, then sprayed with a flower "Fundazole",
- bacterial rot. At elevated temperatures and humidity, the roots of the plant begin to rot and become friable. To eliminate the disease, the plant with a pot is immersed in a solution of "Fundazole" or "Topsina".
Since the Vanda orchid is demanding to care (it is often bathed), it rarely affects pests. Due to the excess moisture, more attention should be paid to the prevention of fungal diseases.
Conditions of detention
Since this variety comes from hot latitudes, the conditions of detention should be appropriate:
- air temperature should be in the range of 16-29 degrees, if the room is more than 30 degrees, the plant may die,
- humidity must be within 80% (this figure can be maintained by regular spraying of the plant),
- Wanda does not require any substrateits root system must be constantly open. In extreme cases, you can use oak bark as in the cases with Phalaenopsis,
- this plant very light-loving, but it is necessary to limit the direct sunlight on it. It is especially important to observe the correct lighting in winter, in summer the orchid can be brought to the balcony,
- water the plant, as well as other varieties of orchids: as the soil dries.
Wanda root system can be left open.
Wanda has no periods of rest or active growth.. Only during flowering can stop the growth of its leaves. Severe temperature fluctuations can trigger a lot of diseases for the flower. It is best to keep the Vanda open (without adding soil).
Planting and transplanting
Planting and caring for Wanda have their own characteristics:
- for its landing does not require any soil. Very often, lovers of orchids simply hang the plant on the wall and make up its root system open,
- for less experienced flower growers it is allowed to use a small amount of substrate in the form of oak bark,
- You can also use a plastic container in which a lot of holes are made. The entire root system of the orchid is placed into it, and through the holes it receives a sufficient amount of moisture, light and air.
This orchid variety does not need transplantation. Wanda does not like to change a pot, so buying an orchid in a store in a small plastic pot is better for a while not to disturb her with transplants. Today, many orchid lovers prefer to grow Wanda in large glass pots. We will talk about this a little later.
Vanda Orchid: home care
Since this orchid variety is predominantly grown without the use of a substrate, watering must be done as follows: The entire root system is carefully placed in a container with water and kept there for about 20-30 minutes. After that, get, give a little drain. It is very important during the irrigation not to wet the stems and leaves.
You need to water the plant:
- in the summer 1 time in 4 days,
- in winter no more than 1 time per week.
If the substrate is used for growing Wanda, the frequency of irrigation should be reduced to 1 time per week in summer and 1 time per 14 days in winter. More frequent watering leads to rotting of the root system and the death of the plant.
For watering the roots of the plant is completely immersed in water.
When using a glass container watering is carried out as follows: neatly pour clean water into a vase in a small stream so that the roots sink into it. Let stand for about half an hour, then carefully pour it.
This procedure is carried out twice a week in summer and 1 time in winter. When using glass vases, watering should be done very carefully to prevent rotting of the root system (this may occur due to limited access of air).
Lure is carried out in the period of Wanda's vegetative growth.. Use special fertilizers with the addition of potassium monophosphate. Take, leaving a proportion of 1 g of fertilizer per 1000 ml of water. Fertilize, as a rule, for 1 time per month. It is important to note that it is better to introduce the feed after the end of flowering Wanda.
As mentioned above, this variety of orchids does not have a clearly defined period of growth and rest. Abundance of flowering occurs in spring and summer (this is caused by greater natural light).
The flowering period can last up to 23 months.. Provided that the orchid is properly kept, Wanda will please her mistress with blooms for a whole year.
The flowers of the plant are simply unique, have a different shape and color. If flowering does not occur for a long time, then you need to check whether the plant has enough color, there are no temperature fluctuations, or perhaps just overfed.
After flowering is necessary cut dried flower stalks, reduce watering and spraying to a minimum.
Like all other types of orchids, Wanda breeds by transplanting her babies.. This phenomenon is quite rare they can be separated from the main root system when reaching a length of not less than 5 cm. After cutting children, the place of attachment to the roots must be treated with charcoal to avoid multiplication of the infection.
Orchid Vanda (photo with a baby).
Babe is placed in a special pot and kept in greenhouse conditions, while the humidity should be about 90%. The substrate used is wood bark and sphagnum moss (4: 1). Thus, the baby is kept until it grows to a length of 20 cm, then it can be transplanted into a regular orchid pot and continue to be cared for as an adult plant.
It should be noted that Any other means of transplanting this plant is prohibited.. However zealous growers sometimes try to reproduce Wanda with seeds. This is a very long and laborious process.Features of the process, how to grow from a seed:
- seeds are grown in a nutrient medium, which is obtained under sterile laboratory conditions,
- germination duration is about 9 months,
- it takes up to 3 years to get a bone that can be transplanted,
- flowering plants grown in this way can wait up to 4-10 years.
For reproduction, therefore, you will need Wanda orchid seeds, moist soil (moss and deciduous soil), conditions of complete sterility, temperature within 25 degrees, humidity - 80-90%. After the appearance of the first leaves you need to spend their dive.
How to plant?
For landing Wanda in such a tank you need to choose a pot that has a conical shape. In it carefully place the roots of the plant in such a way that the leaves were on top of the sides.
A healthy orchid has bright green leaves and stems, is distinguished by a rich flowering. The roots are not dried, they have a natural color.
The correct position in the vase.
When grown in glass use of any substrate is not required. Watering should be carried out no more than once a week in winter and 2 times a week in summer. More frequent hydration can lead to decay of the root system and the death of the orchid.
You need to follow the lightingas glass interferes with penetration of sunshine.
Wanda is a very fastidious plant, therefore its owner needs to gain a lot of patience, and then the flower will be surely thanked. When yellowing orchid leaves need to check:
- temperature in the room
- is there an unpleasant neighborhood
- humidity and light levels
- fertilizer overfeeding.
Sometimes the plant is prone to naturally dropping leaves. Root rot may be caused by excess moisture, so it is worth reducing the amount of watering.
Reset flowers and buds may occur due to overheating of the orchid. In this case, be sure to monitor the temperature in the room where Wanda is kept.
Resuscitation plant in the absence of roots
This can be done by growing new roots from the neck of the plant. Technology, how to reanimate such a Vandu:
- you need to take the usual boiled water and orchid area,
- it is placed in a vessel so that the leaves remain on top,
- put in a kind of greenhouse, where the temperature is maintained around the clock at 25 degrees,
- as the liquid evaporates, it needs to be added.
Within a few months you can see fresh roots and transplant orchids.
Reanimate an orchid by placing it in water.
Diseases, their treatment and prevention
For prevention, you need to carefully monitor the temperature and humidity., treat the plant with fungicidal drugs. If rot is found, the orchid should be treated with a solution of antibiotics.
To prevent the multiplication of pests, you can treat the Vanda alcohol-soap solution.
You will learn all about caring for Vanda from the video below:
An orchid of monopodial type (no pseudobulb, one stalk with one growth point is formed). Gray-green powerful roots are covered with a porous tissue of dead cells. The fabric easily absorbs moisture from the environment and retains it. Additionally performs the function of protection against the aggressive effects of the sun.
The stem is high, with good care stretched to a meter. Leaves dense, leathery type, belt-shaped. On the stem are arranged alternately, opposite. The colors are usually pure green, sometimes with a bluish tint.
During flowering wanda releases long peduncles from the sinuses. Each peduncle carries up to 15 buds. Depending on the age and condition of the plant, from one to four peduncles are simultaneously formed. Duration of flowering - up to three months. It blooms two or three times a year.
The subtleties of the selection of seedlings in the store
When buying an orchid vanda you need to pay attention to the origin of the plant. It is better to acquire not with it, but in specialized stores. Examine the tag - it indicates the variety, basic information about the plant.
- The origin and age. Imported from other countries it is better not to buy copies. They are very difficult to endure acclimatization, often die. Preference is given to orchids grown in the local climate. The optimum age of the plant is from two years.
- General state. Carefully inspect the vanda for pests, evaluate its overall appearance. The absence of leaves in the lowest part of the stem is considered normal, exposing to the middle of the height - deviation. The flower is clearly unhealthy or grown in inappropriate conditions. Because of this, there may be problems with adaptation.
- Root system The size of the roots does not matter. Pay attention to their color. The color of the healthy roots is uniform, without stains. The consistency is thick. The presence of soft areas indicates the initial stage of decay.
- Leaves. A healthy leaf is firm and smooth. Do not buy a vanda with folded, wrinkled leaves.
The genus includes about 50 species. Wands easily interbreed, which allows breeders to regularly please flower growers with new varieties. The most common types of vanda orchids.
- Wanda valkovataya. Tall species with a developed root system. Under natural conditions it grows up to three meters. In apartments to such sizes does not grow. Each peduncle forms up to six large flowers. Petals are rounded, wavy edges. Lip (accrete lower petals) three-blade. The middle of the lip is purple, the sides are yellow with small red dots. Color is usually in the middle of autumn.
- Wanda is blue. Blue coloring - a rarity among orchids. It looks unusual, interesting, beautiful. The stem is well developed, straight, meter height. The toothed belt-like leaves are arranged in two rows. On one peduncle is going to 15 flowers. Coloring monophonic or with a reticulated pattern. The lip is small, intensely colored. It blooms in the fall.
- Wanda tricolor. Height to one and a half meters. Belt leaves are arranged in two rows. Each peduncle forms up to ten fragrant large flowers. The color is white or cream, often with brownish specks. Petals egg-shaped, wavy along the edges. The lip is large, guitar-shaped in the center, painted in bright purple or pink. It blooms repeatedly and continuously - from October to January, from May to June.
Due to the air roots, the vanda receives moisture and nourishment not only directly from the substrate, but also from the environment. Therefore, they grow vanda in classic and non-standard ways.
- In hanging baskets. The roots are bare, the substrate is not used. This is the most common and most successful way to keep vanda, imitating being in natural conditions. Caring for vanda orchid roots in this case comes down to regular spraying. Sprayed not only the root system, but also the foliage. In the summer they are sprayed daily, in the winter - once every three to four days.
- In a plastic pot. Wanda is planted in the substrate from the crushed bark of coniferous species. Water less often, only after the substrate is completely dry. Judging by the reviews of experienced flower growers, the pot is not the best solution for vanda. The risk of root decay increases.
- Growing vanda orchids in the flask. Popular, spectacular, but the most unfortunate way of growing. Air access to narrow glass vases is difficult. The plant does not receive the necessary amount of oxygen, the root system is not ventilated, rots. It is not recommended to grow vandas in vases and flasks.
Basics of care
Like all orchids, vanda is demanding of conditions. Vanda home orchid care is organized according to its peculiarities and the natural growth environment.
- Lighting. Keep on diffused bright light. Direct sunlight is avoided. Grown on the south or southwest window. In the summer at noon, prune with tulle. In the winter découple phytolamps.
- Temperature. The allowable temperature range for the spring-summer period is 18–27 ° C. Wanda can withstand a temperature increase of up to 35 ° C under the condition of shading, regular ventilation and high humidity. By the end of autumn, the temperature is reduced to 15–22 ° C.
- Humidity. A prerequisite is high humidity of at least 60%. The optimal rate is 80%. Increase humidity in two ways - by systematic spraying, installing a pallet with water and decorative pebbles. The use of electronic humidifiers is encouraged.
- Feeding. It is advisable to use special fertilizers for orchids. Universal mineral complexes for flowers contribute in a reduced dosage. Cut it in two or three times. Fertilizers in high concentration lead to burns of the root system. Top dressing period - in spring and summer in the phase of active growth.
- The soil. You can use ready-made soil for orchids. But it is better to cook it yourself. The substrate is made up of pine bark and sphagnum. Additionally, add charcoal, foam chips. At the bottom of the pot when planting put the largest pieces (bark, foam), the rest of the space is filled with the fine fraction.
- Transfer. Wanda does not like transplants, long recovering from them. Transplanted in extreme cases. Indications for transplantation - the transformation of the substrate into dust, its souring, a small volume of the pot. Transplantation during flowering is not allowed. It is better to do this after the end of flowering or in early spring before the start of active growth.
Features of watering and spraying
In the evening, the flower is not watered. Properly water a vanda orchid in the morning. Roots bathe in warm water for about 15–20 minutes. Understand that the plant received enough moisture can change the color of the roots - they become green. Daily bathing is recommended only in hot weather. The rest of the time they take breaks between the procedures for two or three days.
To neutralize the carbonates, every three months some citric acid is added to the water for irrigation. You can reduce the frequency of bathing to once a month, the rest of the time costs by spraying. Water is better to use soft - spring, rain. For artificial water softening, you can add special preparations for water in aquariums. For plants, they are completely safe.
If the vanda is grown in a glass vase, water is poured directly into them. Waiting for a change in the color of the roots, the disappearance of bubbles on the surface and pour out excess liquid.
Duration of daylight hours
In temperate latitudes, Wanda receives a sufficient amount of light only in summer. At other times, the lack of light is compensated by installing fluorescent lamps. The optimal duration of a day is 12 hours. The table shows data on the length of the day during different periods of the year and the recommended number of hours of illumination.
Table - How many hours of illumination does a vanda orchid need at different times of the year?