Of all the numerous genus of ficus plants, no more than two dozens are grown at home. These plants have long occupied an honorable place in our homes; they are also in demand in modern flower arrangements due to beautiful leaves, unpretentiousness, and easy maintenance. A very valuable feature of the ficuses is the rapid growth, allowing for two or three years to get from the cutting tree up to 1.5-2 m tall. Such a plant will perfectly make it green and will decorate not only the room, but also the office, a large ceremonial hall, will become a highlight of the interior. In room conditions most often grow tree forms of figs. Let's stop on the most popular types.
Types of ficus with small leaves
The championship belongs to the Benjamin Ficus, which is a tree or a bush with a branched crown, with numerous flexible shoots. They can be twisted, curled, twisted, creating fancy shapes. Due to the natural plasticity inherent in this species, breeders have deduced a large number of varieties with remarkable poetic names:
They all differ in size, strength of growth, leaf shape, color.
Benjamin Ficus (Ficus benjamina) - it is a large shrub that grows well at home up to 3-4 m in height (although usually lower) and 1.5 m wide. It has many branchy tree shoots, on which small, about 3-8 cm, lanceolate, glossy grow , leathery leaves with a sharp tip. A characteristic feature of F. Benjamin is a "weeping" crown. It has many varieties with different size and color of foliage.
Leaves can be painted white or yellow, wavy, twisted or very green. The species grows rapidly - in a few years it forms magnificent trees. He needs a lot of light, otherwise he loses leaves.
May have green leaves or white-green and yellow-green varieties ("Variegata", "Starlight"). There are also low varieties, they are easier to grow in the apartment, and sometimes they are suitable for bonsai (for example, Esther, Natasha).
Less known types of ficus
The deltoid (Ficus deltoidea) is an original, shrub ficus, growing like the Benjamin Ficus, but its shoots are less branched. Almost round, green at the top, leaves brownish from the bottom are placed on the branches rather rarely. It grows well even in dimly lit rooms. The plant produces small, greenish-white fruits.
Similar leaves, like those of F. Benjamin, but with a different shape have ficus nitide (Ficus nitida) and australian ficus (ficus australis).
Recommended for you:
Ficus stupid (Ficus retusa, a variety of F. microcarpa) has similar leaves to Benjamin Ficus, but with straight ends. This plant is often chosen as a bonsai tree due to the ease of maintenance and the resistance of this species to frequent formation and pruning.
Interesting and unusual Ficus Microcarp. The peculiarity of this species is the thickened roots resembling bloated, intertwined tubers of bizarre shape.
Rubber plant (elastic)
The rubber plant is the most monumental of the indoor plants of this genus. This is a long-lived who in the old days was inherited, from mother to daughter. Large glossy leathery oval leaves decorate a strong tree with one or two trunks.
Over the years, the plant begins to branch, and at a respectable age it may bloom. Nowadays, in addition to the traditional green-leaved forms, variegated varieties with a lower content of chlorophyll, and therefore, more unpretentious to the conditions of detention, are compact and slow-growing:
The most popular ficus (fig tree) with large leaves is an elastic ficus (Ficus elastica). It has large elliptical, leathery, glossy and solid leaves. Young leaves are initially brown or red, which turn green over time.The most common are its two varieties - "Variegata" (has bright yellow spots on the leaves) and "Decor" (the leaves are shorter and wider, at the bottom - red). Ficus elastic is easily grown, it is recommended for beginners. It quickly grows and develops. Older specimens shed lower leaves.
Another popular species is the ficus lyre. It has large, up to 30 cm in length, thick, lyre-like, shiny, dark green leaves. Lyric-shaped ficus is an ornamental plant originating from the region of West Africa. It features beautiful and large leaves of deep green color, which are narrowed at the base, and are covered with yellow-green veins from above. In older species, the length of one leaf can reach 50 cm. Adult plants look very impressive, resemble large trees. This type requires strong support. It has higher heat requirements than other species.
This species is one of the most preferred plants for refreshing the interior. In addition, gardeners say that this flower is also one of the most durable, so it is recommended to gardening enthusiasts. The large and beautiful leaves of the ficus of the lyre are similar in outline to the violin, for which the plant is also called the violin tree. This proud handsome man prefers spacious rooms, stability and loneliness, so it is undesirable to have him in groups with other plants.
The Bengal Ficus, Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) has large, 20 cm long, hairy, coarse leaves. This plant grows very quickly and forks - so it takes a lot of space. He gives purple, small fruits, like figs. The view with colorful leaves looks very beautiful.
The Ficus Binnandyk is very graceful, or wavy. As the name implies, the leaves of this plant resemble willow, which gives it a special grace, delicacy and lightness. Popular variegated varieties:
(Ficus binnendijkii) - a very original, but large and widely distributed shrub. It reaches about 2-3 m in height and 1.5-2 m in width. Its leaves are similar to willow leaves: long (about 20 cm) and narrow. They grow densely on the shoots, creating a lush green mass.
They live on windowsills and rarer ficus species:
- creeping (or dwarf) - charming small-leaved vine,
- triangular (or natal) and others.
The simplicity and plasticity of most species can successfully grow them in a variety of rooms.
Ampel and creeping varieties
Ficus creeping (Ficus pumila) - a small climber, with long, thin shoots and tiny, almost round leaves.
Leaves can be green or white depending on the variety. It is the perfect flower for hanging containers. It looks great in compositions with other plants with decorative leaves. It grows well even in darker rooms.
Ficus arrow is a creeping plant. It forms the roots of the leaves, nested in long thin shoots. The leaves are larger than F. pumila, about 5 cm long, pointedly upset. He needs more light than a creeping ficus. Also looks great in compositions with other plants.
Ficus need diffused light, they do not like the position in full sun. They grow best in medium sunny places. Variations with variegated leaves require more light. Young plants can be combined into groups. Old - must grow alone.
Watering and fertilizer
Ficus should be watered abundantly, but rarely - only when the top layer of the substrate is dry. The root ball should not dry. You can not let the water stand in a pot, as this can cause a rapid fall of the leaves and the appearance of root rot. During intensive growth, plants must be fed with green fertilizer every two weeks. In winter, plants do not need fertilizer and abundant watering.
Young ficuses should be transplanted every year - in the spring. For older plants, it is enough to replace the top layer of the substrate in the pot. Ficus feel good in too small a pot. If the plants stop growing or the flower pot becomes too tight (i.e., the roots protrude through the holes at the bottom), they should be transplanted.
Types of ficus for the house with photos
In the world there are numerous varieties of ficus - several thousand. Hailing from the tropics, where the growing conditions are quite harsh, these plants are able to withstand drought, high temperatures, can grow on rocks and even roofs of houses. Ficus-trees reach a height of several meters, and room can be both ampelous and grown in the technique of bonsai, delighting the owners with an evergreen crown.
In the list of a huge number of representatives of this kind, room, there are about two dozen. We present you the ficuses and their varieties with photos and names so that you can choose the prettiest for your home or office.
Ficus Elastica (rubber)
Perhaps this is the most popular species that came to us from West Africa, Burma and India and the most unpretentious, which does not require much attention. In room conditions, it reaches 2 m in height, the trunk of a tree, can produce air "roots-supports." This type of tropical plants can not boast a lush crown - its branches are quite rare, but the leaves are large, leathery, dense, as if covered with wax. By purchasing Ficus Elastica, you can not worry about the lighting in the room. Ficus rubber perfectly goes through the penumbra, but is picky about watering. If the earthen room regularly dries out too much, the flower drops the leaves. Its colors can be both bright green and more pale with stains resembling opaline. Ficus Elastica loves spraying and bathing. At this time, its dense leaves are rubbed with a sponge on both sides.
Ficus Pumila (dwarf)
He came to Russia from China and Japan, where ampel cultures are very popular. From the main trunk to the sides diverge numerous shoots of 5 cm in length with a huge number of leaves. Growing up, the shoots take root due to the "air" roots, which reach the ground, and give new shoots. With regular pruning, you can create different forms of crown, which very soon will cover the entire surface of the pot and window sill. Ampel ficuses, like many others, do not tolerate exposure to direct sunlight, leaving burns on the leaves.
Ficus Benjamina (Benjamin)
A variety of indoor ficuses have original forms. This species looks more like a dwarf tree or even a shrub. Its trunk has a small height, but Ficus Benjamina pleases with a lush crown, which, when properly cut, turns into an oval or round bush. This genus includes plants with green leaves, such as:
And with variegated leaves:
Experienced growers create elegant unusual compositions, weaving various kinds of trunks in one pot. Ficus Benjamina can reach 2 m in height.
Ficus lirata (lyrate)
Suitable for those who have large apartments or spacious rooms in the house. Ficus Lyre does not like close neighborhood with other home flowers. Its large shoots, which with proper care can reach 50 cm in length, have the shape of a violin or lyre, hence the name of the flower. In order for the tree tree to grow better, it should be watered with warm water, regularly sprayed and wipe the leaves, often, at least once every 2-3 weeks, make fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. The leaves of this flower are speckled with light green veins, and the appearance of spots can be a sign of root rot or other diseases. Bred Lirata cuttings.
Ficus Binnendijkii (Bendendik)
In its homeland - the island of Java, this species reaches a height of about 20 m, and with its long, narrow shoots it resembles a willow habitual for our climate. In room conditions the flower very quickly goes into growth. For stability, it requires a support that is installed directly into the ground next to the barrel. Narrow leaves 30 cm long hang down, forming a beautiful crown geometry.
Council With the wrong location of this room culture in the room to achieve its healthy growth will be impossible. Ficus Binnendijkii absolutely does not tolerate drafts, and even a brief decrease in temperature can lead to its death.
Benedica reproduces well by cutting. A healthy plant regularly throws off the lower leaves. The fall of the upper part of the crown may indicate a disease or improper care.
A beautiful shrub or tree that is easy to grow at home. Proper care for him is:
- in creating high humidity,
- in regular spraying,
- in the application of mineral fertilizers every six months.
The plant is very thermophilic, the optimum air temperature in the room for him - not less than 21-22 degrees. It grows slowly. The shoots are round, deltoid, covered with glossy peels, have a dark green color, and blanching of the color may indicate improper care or insufficient watering. Feature Deltoidea - yellow-green fruits that are formed on the shoots. Culture brought from South-East Asia, where it is more common in the form of a tree, reaching a height of 5-6 m.
Ficus Benghalensis (Bengali)
Very spectacular indoor culture, which is home to India. In this country, the flower is called the Sacred Banyan because of its rare form. A tree growing in natural conditions gives many roots. They descend from the shoots, take root and reach the land, turn into a huge massive natural creation, which sometimes covers an area of several hectares.
Ficus Bengal leaves are quite large - up to 30 cm in length, often twisted into a tube and blooming as they grow, arranged in a spiral around a tree-like stem. Their color is light green, and in the center there is a clear white vein, from which several side “strips” extend to the edges.
The most unpretentious variety for growing in apartment conditions - Audrey (Audrey). Ficus Benghalensis is great for forming bonsai. From his shoots gradually begin to branch off the roots, descending to the ground. With careful watering, sufficient humidity and persistently warm air temperature, they reach the substrate and will root very quickly, forming another trunk.
Ficus Microcarpa (Microcarp)
The magnificent bonsai plant, which in room conditions can grow up to 1.5 m in height. The bright green crown on the intricately woven tree wriggling stem looks very impressive in the room room. Ficus Microcarp leaves are small (5-8 cm), but very close to each other.
Council In order to form a beautiful bonsai-shaped crown, flower growers are advised to trim the leaves as soon as their number reaches 6–10 pieces on the shoot, leaving no more than 3–4 of the healthiest.
The trunk of Microcarpa is covered with thin bark with small tuberous formations. It easily tolerates dryness in the apartments during the heating season, and care for it lies in timely watering and spraying, so today it is becoming very popular among amateur growers.
For the cultivation of a plant in the form of bonsai, Panda variety is best suited, and for the formation of a shrub - Moklaim, whose crown is distinguished by its rigidity and bright, saturated green color.
Ficus Carica (Carica or Fig)
This plant belongs to the mulberry family. At different times in numerous countries where it was grown, Ficus Carica was awarded with various names - fig, fig tree, fig tree, and tonic. The main decorative feature is small fruits that have a bright orange color after ripening. The culture is easily formed in the form of bonsai, thanks to the numerous layers that quickly root with sufficient watering.
Council If you want Karik to produce fruits that undoubtedly make it more attractive, you should create the optimal conditions for it - a spacious room (preferably a winter garden), abundant watering, high humidity and heat.
This is one of the few species that requires wintering for normal growth. During this period, it is placed away from the heaters, and sometimes even put away in a closet or basement, until the first shoots begin to appear on the plant. For the winter period, Ficus Carica can completely reset the crown.
Young ficuses of this species are transplanted every year, changing the pot to a slightly larger diameter. Adult plants can exist perfectly without transplanting for several years - from 5 to 7. Karik easily spreads with shoots, cuttings, and when fruiting, you can achieve ripening of berries and, having received seeds, plant them in the ground. At the same time, any kind of breeding requires the creation of abundant soil moisture and greenhouse conditions (film cover).
Growing and caring for these exotic crops is not really a very complicated process. They are responsive to the manifestations of care and the creation of an optimal atmosphere, they will delight with a beautiful, healthy crown, a strong trunk and original leaf colors. The figs presented in this article with photos and descriptions are the most popular in cultural floriculture. Observing all the conditions of their cultivation, you can achieve the appearance in your apartment of a unique, exclusive and very beautiful plants.
Benjamina Ficus (F. benjamina)
Самая популярная древовидная разновидность до 2-х метров высотой с мелкими листьями и поникающими ветвями. Листовая пластина в зависимости от сорта может иметь различные оттенки цвета и разный размер. Края листьев могут быть как ровными, так и волнистыми, а сами листья могут закручиваться. Derived variegated varieties of ficus Benjamin. The tips of the leaves are slightly drawn and form a funnel to drain excess moisture from the glossy surface.
A variety of colors and drooping branches of this type of ficus, of course, attracts the eye and like most buyers. But in the care of the plant has certain requirements. If Benjamin Ficus is not provided with suitable conditions, the plant can shed its leaves and lose its decorative effect.
This species does not like to relocate. If you still had to rearrange it, the pot must be turned to the light with the same side as before, otherwise leaf fall is provided. Varieties with variegated leaves are more demanding on color than green ficuses.Starlight grade
Water the plant should be moderate, but regularly. Ficus Benjamin does not like waterlogging, and drying out the soil.
The plant tolerates cutting, which allows you to form a crown of the desired shape.
Formation of air roots is peculiar to this variety, as they grow, beautiful weaves can be formed, which gives the tree an even greater decorative effect.
Most popular varieties:
- Gold Princes - has light green leaves interspersed with dark green color,
- Variegata - a species with two-color leaves,
- Judi - leaves have golden pigmentation in the form of individual spots,
- Esther - this variety has bright green foliage,
- Barok - a relatively low plant with curled leaves,
- Starlight is a very decorative ficus with white foliage.
Rubber plant (F. Elastica)
The most common and unpretentious type of ficus. It is believed that it cleans the air in the room well and saturates it with oxygen. There are variegated varieties that are a bit finicky in content. This ficus received its Latin name due to the fact that its milky juice contains rubber used for rubber production.
This species reluctantly branches, and in order to force it to this, it is recommended to cut off the top of an adult plant. It can be further rooted and get a new plant. Over time, the lower leaves age and fall off, the trunk becomes bare, which reduces the decorativeness of the plant.
So that the ficus does not lose its foliage prematurely due to improper care, it is impossible to prevent overmoistening of the soil, a sudden change in temperature, an overabundance of fertilizers.
It is important to maintain good illumination, placing the ficus as close as possible to the window or on the windowsill. We can say that this plant is a conservative who does not like change.Variety abidjan
If the rubber plant ficus likes growing conditions, it will give 1 new leaf each week in the active growth phase. In winter, a period of rest. Water the plant gently with warm water, drying the earthy coma between waterings. In the heat, it is desirable to spray. This ficus also likes when its leaves are rubbed with a wet sponge.
- Robusta - leafy green cover, unpretentious look,
- Abidjan - has burgundy streaks on leaf plates, which gives it originality,
- Belize - has a tricolor color, in the center of the sheet is green, and on the edges has white and pink spots, light-requiring,
- Black Prince - named for the almost black color of the leaf cover, has no special requirements for care,
- Melany - has a compact crown, it readily branches, which is different from other varieties,
- Tineke - a tricolor variety with white, pistachio and green coloring of leaves, whimsical, gets sick from improper care.
Ficus Binnandek, or Ali (Ficus binnendijkii)
This is a tree species of ficus originally from South Asia. Evergreen tree has long narrow drooping leaves, grows quite quickly. Sometimes this species is called the ivolist ficus for its external similarity with willow. Ficus Ali is thermophilic and does not tolerate cold and drafts at all. There is no expressed rest period. As the plant continues to grow in winter, it needs light.
This ficus is suitable for the formation and content in the form of bonsai, but since the leaves are rather large, for proportionality it is grown taller than traditional bonsai. To enhance the stability of the plant, it is desirable to establish a support. Propagation can be cuttings that rooted without problems. Suitable for keeping in rooms and in the winter garden. Perfectly complements the interior in Asian style.
Most popular varieties:
- Alii - differs in dark brown color of a trunk with white strokes,
- Amstel Queen is a more photophilous variety, sheet plates are wider than those of other varieties,
- Amstel Gold - very spectacular leaves of variegated color, the main background is light green, with dark green areas spread across it.
Ficus deltoid (mixed leaf)
The plant is originally from Southeast Asia. The name originated from the shape of the leaves in the form of a triangle, of various shapes. Adult ficus grows in the form of a lush bush with a lot of aerial roots. The bark is gray-brown. The branches may be slightly winding. Leaves resembling a triangle with rounded edges are covered on the outside with bright dots. On the underside of the leaves there are several small black spots.
In home care the ficus is thermophilic and loves spraying. Must receive enough light. If he likes the conditions, builds up a large mass of aerial roots. Often cultivated in the form of bonsai. It is a slow-growing species.
- Natali Trinova - has larger uniform leaves,
- Variegata is a beautiful variegated variety, quite rare.
Ficus rooting (Ficus radicans)
On the drooping shoots are 4-5 cm leaves, elongated in shape. Breeders bred variegated varieties. This ficus loves heat and water. Even a short drying of the earthy coma is unacceptable, the plant may die from it. Dry air also does not tolerate this type of ficus.
It is best to keep it in a small aquarium or greenhouse, where it is easy to maintain high humidity.
When creating a composition inside the aquarium, you can arrange a natural snag, on which shoots can climb up. The sun rays this ficus can not tolerate. It grows well in bright ambient light or artificial light.
It has a variety of F. Variegata with a cream border around the edge of the leaves.
Dwarf ficus (Ficus pumila)
Small-leaved species originally from China and Japan. An unusual ficus, not at all similar to other species, it is also called the ficus tiny. It can be grown as an ampelous, creeping and climbing plant. Thin shoots can grow in length up to 5 meters. May grow to the soil by adventitious roots. Do support requires fastening.
Leaves grow as 2.5 cm hearts with corrugated edges. At young leaflets initially asymmetric form. With age, the leaves become larger, as they continue to grow. Breeders brought a mini form with leaves no more than 0.7 cm in length and variegated varieties of dwarf ficus. Direct sun plant can not tolerate. The growth of shoots is accelerated in a warm room with high humidity.
Common varieties and varieties:
- Ficus pumila var. Macrophylla - has larger leaves than other variations,
- Ficus pumila var. Awkeotsang - characterized by the appearance of elongated fruits,
- Ficus pumila var. Quercifolia - the leaves of this plant have an oak-like shape,
- White Sunny - variegated variety with light edging,
- Dorte - on the leaves there are golden blotches
Such ficuses in room culture are grown as trees with a thickened lower part of the trunk. This is possible due to their special structure. Originally from the drylands, they grow in Mexico and southern California. Caudex (a thickened lower part of the trunk) is necessary for this plant to accumulate a supply of moisture inside. Above, the trunk remains narrow.
In home culture, bottle ficuses need wide, low pots, since their root system is superficial.
When planting, a drainage layer of 4-5 centimeters is required. In winter, these ficuses are recommended to have a rest period, gradually reducing watering. In the spring, the transition to normal watering should be smooth. In the summer the plants are watered abundantly, but not too often.
The most famous species:
- Ficus petiolaris is the brightest representative of caudex ficus, a large plant with heart-shaped leaves of 10-15 cm in size, characterized by unpretentiousness and rapid growth,
- Ficus palmeri - has a light green glossy leaves elongated heart-shaped, often grown in the form of bonsai, caudex is formed only when grown from seed.
Fig (Ficus carica)
Figs are also called figs, figs, and grapes. It has a very wide range of growth from the Mediterranean to South Africa. Known to mankind for many centuries, according to legend, it was the fig tree leaves that were covered in the paradise of Adam and Eve. In some cultures it is considered a sacred tree (among Muslims, Jews, Buddhists). It has edible fruits.
Sacred or religious ficus (ficus religiosa)
This species is from Southeast Asia. In India, this tree is revered, believing that under his shadow the Buddha attained enlightenment. The most famous ancient specimen supposedly about 3 thousand years.
In nature, it grows to 30 meters and with age acquires aerial roots, forming props. It is deciduous. In culture, it is difficult to tolerate dry air and heat. Can in such conditions shed the leaves. The sacral ficus is able to predict the change in the weather, forming droplets of moisture on the leaves when the atmospheric pressure changes.
Little about them
Ficus belong to the mulberry family. Most of them are evergreens. There are trees, and vines, and shrubs.
Most often grow in tropical climates. Differ unpretentiousness. They are good because they can easily grow at home.
One of the most recognizable species. Known for its large leathery leaves. The plant is large, but popular in the home plant. It tolerates a lack of water and light, but it feels best with constant and restrained watering and proper lighting (rubber beams do not need direct rays).
Do not overmoisten the soil, but do not overdry it. Normally cope with temperatures up to 30 degrees above zero, but when falling below plus 15, it can destroy the plant.
The difficulty is that the tree often does not form side shoots. It is better to plant at once a couple of (possible) cuttings of such ficus so that they intertwine and create a beautiful tree. Otherwise called Ficus elastica. The following varieties are most popular:
- Black Prince. He leaves have a dark color,
- Robusta. The variety is very compact,
- Abidjan. Known for the unusual dark burgundy color of the leaf plate,
- Belize and Tineke. Differ tricolor leaves
- Melanie. It has lush bushes and small leafy plates.
Also referred to as Pumila or Ficus pumila. It is an ampel and ground cover plant. The leaves are small (2 to 3 cm), oval. There are both green and variegated.
Since the plant is ampelous, its shoots are long and if such ficus is grown on a suspension, they effectively hang down. The look is distinguished by unpretentiousness, normally transfers both a shadow, and active lighting.
Feels best at 20-25 degrees above zero. It can survive even at 8 degrees above zero and even at small frosts.
Watering needs moderate. Dwarf ficuses branch well.
In order for the ficus to be lush, it is enough to cut by a third its shoots in the spring. The most popular varieties are:
- Sunny. It is distinguished by leaves with a discontinuous border (can be cream or just white),
- White Sunny. Border continuous and white
- Dorte. There are light spots on the green leaves.
Also referred to as Ficus lirata. Differs not very tall and large leaves of unusual shape, resembling a violin or lyre. Grow it as easy as other indoor species of ficus. It is important to trim it in the spring.
Latin is called Ficus binnendijkii Alii. It grows quickly, in nature it can reach 20 meters, at home - two. Pretty long and narrow tree.
It is enough to water the ficus regularly, to provide good lighting, to replant-feed in a timely manner. The leaves are rather thin and elongated, which is why they are sometimes called ivolist.
It has a good branching, so you can form any crown. Most popular varieties:
- Amstel Gold The plates are variegated with yellow, white and green spots,
- Amstel Queen. The leaves are thin and long,
- Amstel King. Differs abundant branching. This allows you to give the crown the most interesting shape.
Latin for ficus religiosa. Comes from the tropics of Asia. Ficus powerful, can grow to 20 meters, and sometimes higher. It grows pretty fast. That is why it is not so often seen in apartments. The trunk is straight, strong, well developed.
Sheet plate resembles a heart shape. They have elongated tips, green and grayish tint. Leaves usually droop down. The leaves also have long petioles: they can be the same in length as the leaf plates themselves.
Despite its impressive size, the sacred ficus is very easy to maintain. Nevertheless, such care also has features. Ficus sacred need abundant watering. It evaporates and absorbs water quite quickly, so water every three days.
However, stagnation in the soil of water is also not allowed. Also sacred ficus needs abundant lighting and no direct rays of the sun are needed. If the light will be missed, the ficus can lose all its leaves.
Sacred ficus transplanted every six months. Do not forget while cutting the root system, otherwise it will grow very quickly.
It is best to grow the sacred ficus in a close pot. This also will not grow the roots of the plant. Do not forget to cut and crown for its formation. All this will make the sacred ficus miniature and decorative. It is best to propagate the sacred ficus with seeds. Propagated by cuttings usually does not work.
Rubber plant (Ficus elastica)
On the title of the most famous among the relatives can rightfully claim the rubber plant. It was him at the beginning of the last century who was considered a sure sign of philistinism and the bourgeois way of life unacceptable for a citizen of the USSR.
In the wild, somewhere in the rainforests of India or in Malaysia, this ficus does not look like it is used to represent it. The average growth of large trees is 30 meters, and individual specimens reach a height of 60 meters. The diameter of the trunks reaches two meters, and from numerous shoots thin aerial roots hang down, providing a powerful plant with additional nourishment and, if possible, rooting.
Ficus has recognizable leathery leaves that are 30 cm long and have almost elliptical shapes. The central vein is well marked and somewhat pressed into the leaf plate. Under natural conditions, rubber-plant ficus blooms, after which medium-sized rounded fruits are formed on it, containing many small seeds.
At home, flowering is extremely rare, but the flower grows very actively. Therefore, the crown is necessarily cut, otherwise reluctantly branching shoots lengthen immeasurably and lose their shape.
Among the available varietal plants, Ficus Robusta is the leader in terms of prominence. It is an attractive large plant with powerful green leaves and scarlet branches.
In addition to varieties with even green foliage, breeders also offer spectacular variegated forms. The large leaves of such plants are randomly colored in all shades of green, white and even pink. Moreover, pink or purple reflections are more visible on young shoots and only unfolding foliage. On some plants of the ficus rubber plant, a similar color disappears as the leaves grow older.
There are also tricolor forms, the upper leaves of which are greener and stand out with a bright pink streak, while the lower ones acquire a bluish-purple hue.
Among the rather miniature varieties, Ficus Melanie can be distinguished with dark glossy leaves up to 20 cm long. Young, readily bushy shoots and foliage plants are painted in rich reddish-brown tones. The leaves are more pointed than the ficus Robusta.
Benjamin Ficus (Ficus benjamina)
Brilliant ficus is better known in the world as Benjamin's ficus, from a photo of which it is difficult to assume that it is the closest relative of the previously described species. The plant attracts with the graceful form of thin branches, forming a sprawling, somewhat drooping crown over time, as well as thinner and shallower than the ficus rubbery foliage.
Indigenous to southern Asia and northern Australia, the Ficus benjamin in nature is a tall tree up to 25–30 meters high.
The air roots formed on the shoots at high humidity can reach the ground and successfully root. As a result, one tree forms a huge arbor or banyan occupying a huge area.
This is one of the small-leaved ficus. The leaf plates, pointed with a smooth edge, do not exceed 10 cm in length and can be both monophonic and variegated.
For growing at home today, many varieties are displayed with a more compact crown, short stature, small decorative foliage.
Among the latest achievements of plant breeders with effectively curved, like twisted foliage. Примером тому может служить сорт Curly, у которого листовые пластинки не только выгнуты, но и окрашены в светло-зеленый и белый цвет. У сорта Buklee листья крупнее и полностью зеленые, но тоже выглядят как необычный тугой завиток. У сортов Monique и Golden Monique листва красиво извита по краю.
Фикус Бенджамина Наташа – это известный мелколистный сорт с насыщенно-зелеными листьями, компактной кроной и средними приростами. The plant lends itself well to shaping and is quite easy to maintain.
The Wiandi variety is similar to the ficus of Benjamin Natasha depicted in the photo, but because of the natural tendency to twist the stems, it will be a real gift for beginners bonsai lovers. The plant has small foliage and a slow growth rate, which is a significant advantage for the crop.
Kinki's variegated ficus is another common sort of Benjamin ficus. A characteristic feature of this variegated plant is a torn colored border around the edge of a pointed leaf blade. Such a edging is greenish, white or even cream.
Ficus microcarp (Ficus microcarpa)
Spreading a powerful tree in the photo - another popular indoor species of ficus. It is difficult to imagine that a tree about 25 meters high is grown at home as a miniature pseudobonsai or a thick shrub that regularly forms.
Ficus mikkarpa belong to the small-leaf species. Oval dense leaves of rich green color with a leathery smooth surface sit on short petioles. Numerous shoots of the crown are densely covered with foliage up to 15 cm long.
Ficus mikkarpa called a strangler. Such a terrible epithet is associated with the lifestyle of a plant in nature. Young specimens of ficus settle on the trunks and branches of other tree cultures, but as they grow, the ficus braids them and literally suffocates them with roots. Although banyan ficus microcarp is not becoming, but such a device helps the plant to strengthen and obtain additional nutrition.
Ficus ginseng or ginseng is so named because of its resemblance to the famous oriental herb that forms bizarre rhizomes. Unlike ginseng in nature, ficus microcarp is not able to form such bulges protruding above the soil. Ficus ginseng is a truly man-made plant, obtained with the help of a seedling with special hormones and drugs that stimulate root growth.
Unfortunately, to multiply at home such a plant does not work, but the grower is guaranteed a perennial admiration with almost real bonsai. When caring for the culture, the ficus must be sheared and ensure that the feeding schedule is observed. The lack of nutrition primarily affects the thickened rhizomes, which shrivel and can dry out completely.
The shrub form of the ficus microcarp is distinguished into a special variety. Ficus moklame is easy to distinguish by graceful densely leafy shoots forming a very dense evergreen crown. Maintain a given shape of the plant should be regular spring pruning.
Ficus binnendik Ali (Ficus binnendijkii Alii)
Bindendik ficus is often called willow due to linear elongated leaves, very reminiscent of willow foliage or weeping willow.
The variety of ficus Ali, as in the photo, is very popular among gardeners. At home, the plant reaches a half meter height. And with the help of the annual trim, the crown can be given any shape.
In addition to the variety Ali, flower growers can make a ficus binnetdika of a variegated variety in the house. It should be remembered that varieties with bright white or yellow-green leaves are more capricious and require special lighting conditions.
Like the variegated plants, in the photo, Ficus Ali grows beautifully in a residential area, in a winter garden or a greenhouse.
The birthplace of this ficus is Taiwan and tropical Asia. In nature, its height reaches 20 meters, and sometimes even more.
At home, the plant requires careful lighting, otherwise it will not grow.
Initially, the growth of blunted ficus is similar to epiphyte. Already after he becomes like a banyan tree.
It is believed that there are no Ginseng analogues worldwide. Its vowel distinctive feature is the root that most closely resembles the root of the fabulous mandrake.
However, in many stores Ginseng is sold in free access, so you can buy it and fully grow the plant in your home.
This type of ficus has been very popular for decades. Rezuta grows in the warm countries of Asia and can reach a height of more than 20 meters.
Even a novice grower can grow it at home or in the country, as the plant does not require any specific care.
However, Rezuty has one drawback - this ficus is growing incredibly slowly.
The full name of the plant is Ficus De Gantel. It differs in that it has leaves of exclusively white color. Grows mainly in Japan and China in the subtropics.
If you properly care for the plant, then it will still long please the florist with its beauty.
This small shrub slowly creeps along the ground or partially curls along a tree. In creeping ficus, the shape of the leaves is rounded.
The plant requires abundant and regularly watered.
More than 40 million years ago, the appearance of this ficus appeared. Scientists are of the opinion that this plant is one of the most ancient, extant. Australia is considered the birthplace of large-leaved ficus.
On this continent it reaches a height of 60 meters.
At home, it is much less, but it is not difficult to care for it.
This is a relatively small ficus, its height reaches about two meters. The Middle East is traditionally considered the birthplace of the plant.
In summer, it is enough to water the caric twice a week.
The ficus called Moklame can be found in many houses and apartments. It is not difficult to take care of him, it fits into any interior and therefore enjoys great popularity.
Taiwan, Australia and China are the homeland of the plant.
Ampel ficuses grow in China and India mainly in the tropics. They have small foliage, the length can be as much as 0.7 centimeters, and reach 7 centimeters.
It is difficult to grow them at home, as they are characterized by increased requirements for soil and air.
Moreover, the amicum ficus must be constantly and correctly watered.
Homeland is considered to be West Africa. It is enough to make a little effort, and even an amateur grower can grow this plant.
Under natural conditions, the height can reach 30 meters. At home, everything is much more modest - about 1 meter.
Benedict grows in Africa in the tropics and subtropics. In nature, it can reach a height of about 20 meters.
Watering is necessary regularly, feeding is recommended twice a month.
The Philippines, Southeast Asia and India are home to the Balsaminae. The plant is unusually hardy and in nature reaches more than 20 meters in height. Torrential rains or strong winds of the ficus are not terrible.
However, at home the plant must be carefully looked after, otherwise the plant may get sick.
What to do if Ficus Balsamina is sick can be found in this section.
The plant is found in East Asia in the tropics.
Most of all, this ficus looks like a regular bush.
To grow all types of ficus, most often do not require any specific knowledge and skills. The variety of plant species makes it possible even for novice flower growers to enjoy the beauty of figs.
And my ficus grows lyre. He is already 5 years old. Now its height is about two meters, and when I got it, I had only two leaves. This ficus grows relatively quickly, especially since the end of winter. He stands on the sunny side and loves the light very much. When the ficus was small, I wore it in the bathroom for water treatments, now I wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. Watering spend, when the soil dries. Feed in the spring and in the middle of summer. In a bucket of water I grow 2 glasses of wood ash and 1 tablespoon of urea. Insist 2 days and water on wet ground. With this care, my ficus looks healthy sturdy.
And in my house grows ficus lyre. He is already 5 years old and he has reached two meters in height, and when I took it, he had only 2 leaves. It grows relatively quickly, especially noticeable in growth at the end of winter. He does not give me any trouble, while I was small, I wore him to the bathroom for water procedures, now I only wipe his leaves with a damp cloth. I pour the water when the soil dries. I fertilize in the spring and in the middle of summer. On a bucket of water I grow 2 glasses of wood ash and 1st. spoon of urea (urea). Insist 2 days and water on wet ground. By the way, it grows on my sunny side and with such care it feels great!
Recently, a novice settled in my house, and his name is Ficus Benjamin. I have it is still not tall. She identified it in a large pot, so there is still enough room for it. During the autumn period, joyful leaves (greens with a white edging) are pleasing to the eye. I really hope that the old-timer cat Vasya will not spoil him, and our further cohabitation will be successful.
Ficus I love. My mock-up grows, but creeping leaves began to drop, I looked narrowly and there small bugs in the ground, gray and very small who it can be and how to fight. Thanks site has learned a lot.
I had a lot of indoor plants. The most unpretentious was a ficus. She adored this plant with a little care the whole house in green. Ficus is not afraid of the heat is not cold. In the summer she bathed in the bath and in winter the plant only rubbed and watered with the addition of fertilizer. Also the ficus loves spraying. A bit of work in the house and cozy and clean air. Another ficus can be propagated. Having broken off a twig put into solution with Kornevin and covered with a package and waited for the first roots to appear. The shoot with roots was planted in the ground for ficuses and made sure that the earth did not dry out. You can also plant a ficus seed. Having bought a pack of seeds, you need to carefully read the description of planting seeds. After completing all the recommendations, wait for the first shoots to appear. I grew from small shoots a big tree. The main love for plants and patience. And the house will be a wonderful garden. But there are some minor difficulties. Big ficus also needs to be formed. If this is not done then the branches will stick out in different directions. It is also impossible to flood the plant. Root can rot and it will die. When buying a new plant you can bring with pests. You need to carefully check the leaves and the earth for the presence of pests. I also recommend buying a new plant for treatment from pests. If all the same the plant is sick or pests have appeared, you need to look for the cause. In addition to pests, there are also infectious diseases. With all the manifestations of diseases and the emergence of pests need to isolate the plant and process it and healthy plants.
Good day. I have two Moclam flowers in my house. Growing up at home, and agree, as written in the article, they are very fond of moisture. This flower should be watered and sprayed with water from a small atomizer. But moreover, it is necessary to constantly clean the leaves from dust.
It seems to me that the ficus is an ideal plant for beginning flower growers. I remember how my parents went on vacation and asked me to water the flowers in their apartment. Of course, I happily promised to do it, and then I forgot. In general, only a few ficus survived until the end of the holidays))) In general, a hardy plant, for people like me just right)))
I tried to propagate large-leaved ficus with leaves and cuttings just holding the twigs and leaves in the water and nothing happened. It turned out that she did not take into account that the milky sap clogs the slice and you first need to let it drain, and only after that you place the cutting in a dark bottle with water and do not forget to build a greenhouse on top, since moisture and heat are needed for rooting. After studying all the subtleties of this tricky procedure, the ficus multiplied.
Ficus - a favorite houseplant. I like, first of all, the beauty and decorativeness of ficuses, as well as ease of care and simplicity. I love Benjamin Ficus, because it fits perfectly into any interior.
I love Benjamin very much. Houses grow 3 pieces. I have been growing one since 2006. This is already a big tree. Benjamin - "quivering doe". cannot tolerate moving, carrying over, even a simple turn to the sunny side causes him stress (stops growing, letting go of new leaves, and when moving to another apartment one flower dried up and I had four before). And my “old man” is a very mysterious creature: over the years he has become so attached to me that if I leave somewhere (more than 5 days), he begins to turn yellow and drop leaves, and this despite the fact that he does not remain alone, with him in the apartment is always someone from the household, it is watered, sprayed, looked after him. But no…. When I return, on the same day the yellow leaves on the tree are gone, and the leaves fall off. Flowers as people live, love, miss, suffer.
I was given a ficus of Benjamin. I wanted him for a long time because he was unpretentious in caring. He loves a sunny place with a diffused light. Watering should be moderately otherwise rotting roots. throw off the leaves, then again the leaves will grow. I like it with vitamin sticks that are inserted into the ground and slowly dissolve. I relocate once 3 years. Now my 7 years old Ficus is a huge handsome man!
I was given a Ficus Benjamin for my birthday. I really wanted it because it is not whimsical in growing. It is important for the Ficus to pick up a sunny place in the house, but the light should be scattered. In summer you need to make sure that the soil does not dry out, and in winter it is enough to water once a week. If you often forget to water the plant or water it in insufficient quantities, here sheds the foliage, and the roots too can not be poured. Love the spraying with some water.
Ficus is a wonderful plant that must be in every home. It perfectly cleans the air of formaldehyde, released by furniture and some building materials. In addition, he is an excellent healer. Juice is used for all sorts of diseases. For example, rubber mica ficus is used for bronchitis and tracheitis. To do this, blanch a few leaves for three minutes in boiling water, wipe off, brush well with honey and attach to the chest. Cover with a towel and tie a scarf or scarf. Leave overnight. Great cough remedy!
At my house there is a ficus of Benjamin and large-leaved. From my own experience I can say that the ficuses need a bright place and infrequent watering. Ficuses do not like dampness.
My daughter gave me a ficus De Gunthel. It was unusual to see a flower with white leaves. Indeed, it seems to him that there is more light in the room. In the care of the flower is quite unpretentious. Rules for the care of the ficus and how best to contain it can be found here https://selo.guru/rastenievodstvo/dekorativnolistvennye/derevjya/fikus/vidi-f/de-gantel.html.
In my house. Ficus Rezut has been growing for a long time. This miniature bao-bab. Children love to play with a flower, dressing it up with different toys. The flower is very useful, and has a dual purpose. Competitor, only money tree. Not whimsical in content.
The author of the article is far from botany, messed up the types and varieties, he writes about the same thing three times
Good afternoon, Denis!
Could you please indicate in more detail which varieties and types are mixed up? I saw several new ficuses, which I did not know about before, very interesting, beautiful varieties. Therefore, I want to immediately understand where the error is in order to have the correct information and in the future properly care for new plants, based on their type and variety.
I have been keeping many flowers and plants at home for a long time, as I love them very much. I have long wanted something new in my collection. I saw a friend's amber ficus and I really liked it. I did not think that it is so difficult to care for him. I also like Benedict very much. In addition to regular watering does not require anything, sometimes you need to feed fertilizers.
Hello, to all lovers of ficuses. I have been breeding most species of ficus for a long time and noticed a pattern: in late autumn the leaves dry and fall, and in the spring new, beautiful leaves come out. In connection with what I want to share my little trick: it is better to keep watering to a minimum during “hibernation”. Every spring to transfer. I prepare the land myself: I sift the black soil through a large sieve, put a handful of sand and, of course, compost, rubber plants begin to grow by leaps and bounds! Well, in the summer, be sure to spray the leaves, and in the heat turn on your favorites humidifier.
Benedict is a very beautiful home flower. Bought it recently. I was attracted by this flower with its peculiar look. I also love ficus. At home I have a lot of different colors, the most difficult thing about this is that you need separate care for each one. Thanks to such sites, all my flowers look beautiful.
I constantly Benjamin ficus showered leaves, if he was standing in a draft or near the battery. But quickly overgrown with proper care (watering and spraying). He likes a warm shower, does not like a place change. Despite these whims I love him)
As you know ficuses very well clean the air at home and emit oxygen. These are very useful plants. At the same time they are quite picky. There is an ordinary ficus growing in our home. It happens that the foliage drops, but then grows again. The only thing he needs is light.
I don’t really like houseplants, because you need constant care for them (watering, rearranging, feeding, etc.). Поэтому и решила обзавестись фикусам ведь он не прихотлив. Судя по статье у меня мокламе. Это потрясающе растение для «лентяек», только поливаю и все, сам себе растет и выглядит потрясающе.
Я была в гостях у тёти и увидела необычное дерево стоящее на полу. Мне оно очень понравилось, я поинтересовалась что это за растение. Мне сказали что это фикус. Когда я пришла в магазин то к моему удивлению разновидностей фикусов оказалось большое количество. I chose one, as I was told by name - the black prince. Caring for him was not a big deal for me. He loves the light, but not the direct rays, but oh they will burn and start falling off. Water normal room temperature. He has been living with me for more than 5 years and a small tree has grown from a small petal. Ficus is a very beautiful and useful plant. It is used in therapeutic actions. . And recently I learned that it is called a large-leaved ficus, but I like the “black prince” much more. In the future I want to purchase other types of ficus. In the house where there is a ficus overcrowded as if cozier, more pleasant.
We had a ficus, but, unfortunately, did not take root. Although watered once a week and he stood with us in the shade. Now we decided to get this beautiful plant again. I read that he does not need strong care, but in order not to repeat his previous unsuccessful experience, I would like to find out from professionals what kind of look is better to get? And is there any special fertilizer to blossom high up? How many times a week do you need to water? Subtracted that the sun's rays are not recommended for ficus, is it true?
Three ordinary large ficus grow up at home. When the ficus reached a height of 80 cm, it became a question that not just a “stick” would grow out of it, but a beautiful tree, and one friend would advise, just bend the tip of the ficus and gently, so as not to break, tie it to the trunk ( the top looked down), and here it is, the miracle happened, the ficus povypuskal side shoots, when the side shoots reached the desired size, I and them neatly bent, and received new shoots. After a while I have three gorgeous ficus!
An ordinary large-leaved ficus grows at home, did not require special care, all the time they watered and sprayed the leaves, grew straight up until it reached one meter, it didn’t look very nice “stick with leaves”. Then I took and cut it and the plant began to produce side shoots, now the whole ficus tree is green and beautiful at home, all who do not come say that it is an artificial flower!
One of my favorite colors is ficus. I have been cultivating for a long time. Ficus is not whimsical in cultivation, but still one problem with it happens periodically. I have a lot of indoor flowers and often a tick attacks Ficus. If the flower is small, I process it directly on the window sill of aktar. And if it is big, you have to take it out onto the street and plentifully boil and water the land, since pests can also be in the ground. Began to plant this flower because of its useful qualities. My feet hurt me, and a ficus leaf can soothe joint pain. I prepare the tincture from the calculation: one medium sheet per glass of vodka. Infusion time is two weeks. I use as rubbing with the subsequent warming of a sore point.
My house is growing ficus Lirat. I have an average grade of Little Fiddle. In this type of ficus simply stunning large decorative leaves wavy at the edges. No wonder it is called violin! Perfectly complements the interior in the living room, adding to it harmony and a sense of warmth! Its height is 1.5 meters long; it does not like bright sunshine, cold and drafts. Responding positively to spraying, I try to spray at least once a week. Almost all ficuses do not like excessive watering, so I water when I see that the earth has dried on top, somewhere a couple of times a week. I prune in the spring, and it begins to bush more actively.
Ficus is quite an interesting and ornamental plant. Especially beautiful looks Benjamin ficus, with intertwined trunks. At home, this effect can also be achieved. Only to do this you need to start while he is still quite young. Gradually, the trunks are intertwined and fused in the places of jumpers. It looks great.
I love ficuses. I have several types of them: rubber-lined, Benjamin variegated and ordinary, and Benedict (I bought it by the name of Ali). No problems with growing me not noticed. I selected for myself a few nuances in the content that I try to take into account. As the plant grows, it must be cut, otherwise it will reach without side shoots (especially for rubber-bearing plants). They also do not like ficuses, when they are restarted from place to place (especially Benjamin), they just need to rearrange to another window, dropping leaves does not take long to wait. And I only water as needed when the earth dries out. These are some simple secrets.
Ficus very well adapts to different conditions. We have a ficus at home and when we turned off the water for two acts, it didn’t dry up, it didn’t disappear. In addition, it gives good oxygen, so it is recommended to put it in the bedroom, or nursery. To the ceiling, he certainly will not grow. We have it tall, but not to the ceiling. Tell me please, who knows, if the leaves have all disappeared, will the new ones be at any time of the year, or will they only begin to appear in spring?
Hello, Elena! You write that all the leaves have fallen on your ficus, this is already a call, and the problem has to be solved. Usually the leaves live for two to three years, then turn yellow and fall off. In their place grow new ones. And when a lot of leaves fall, look, do you have any drafts? And then you can generally lose your ficus.
Ficus is a very beautiful plant! His trimming is not necessarily a necessary surgery. This can be done, but the plant does not like it. However, it is necessary to remove all the bad and withered leaves, especially those that are infected with a disease. Spring growth does not need special pruning. But if it is too large, then you can simply cut it. It will be useless for a long time - new shoots will appear soon, perhaps even a few, at the place of cutting.
I bought a ficus Rezutu, which was already grown 20 cm. I liked that it does not require frequent watering and other care. Pot with a small margin for growth. The daughter has already put mini-dolls on him, and is waiting for the cat to appear on the chain. Very unique flower. I heard that in a very big tub he will grow higher than the ceiling, is that so?
Ficus - types, photos and names
We often grow representatives of the ficus family at home, moreover - they are among the most beloved ones. Shrubs of different varieties are not always similar, but they are united by almost identical growing methods and requirements for care.Benjamin Variety - Lovely
One of the most popular species, Benjamin Ficus, has universal dimensions, resembles a small tree.
This variety has several sub-varieties that differ in the shape of the leaves. The egg-shaped form of Benjamin's leaf has a slightly pointed tip. They can be saturated green, have white blotches, edging (variegated varieties). To make the crown beautiful, frequent pruning is recommended. The trunks are amenable to weaving: gardeners often use this technique to achieve an unusual decorative effect. To do this, plant several seedlings together or use Benjamin ficus species to create bonsai.Photo Midnight Lady (Benjamin) - Photo by Alla Kholodzen, Simferopol Melanie
Rubber plant, it is elastic (elastic) - the most common variety for pot growing. Buddhists worship it, they consider it sacred. In its homeland (northeast India, southern Indonesia), it can reach a height of 30 meters. This variety forms branches as it grows, and also forms aerial roots, especially at high humidity. Due to this structure of the root system, the ficus elastic is also called the "snake tree".
At home, it does not give color, the leaves are rather large, oval-shaped with a sharp tip. The name Melanie got its name due to the milky juice of white color, which sometimes stands out on the surface of the leaf. Juice contains latex, which is why not so long ago this variety was used to produce rubber on an industrial scale.
Ficus elastic can not pereuvlazhnyat, especially with the onset of winter.Rubber (elastic) - Belize
Very interesting of the dwarf varieties - creeping ficus. It has curly creeping shoots, roots with suckers that can cling to any surface.Pygmy Creeping - Pumila Green Sunny
It grows well in sunlit places, loves moisture. Ficus creeping has small leathery oval leaves (2-2.5 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide - macrophylla) or even smaller ones (0.5-0.7 cm - minima). The stems of this groundcover variety are prone to lignification. In bright light (but not in direct sunlight), the variegated pattern of the leaves becomes even brighter, and if it is lacking, it can become just green.
Its other name is Pumila ficus (ficus pumila), the most popular for home breeding are the varieties: Sunny (with an uneven white border along the edges of the leaf),
White Sunny (with a continuous white or cream border), Dorte (with white spots on the sheet). Dwarf creeping is equally comfortable in hanging pots (like an ampelous plant) and ordinary pots.Pygmy Creeping - Pumila White Sunny - Photo by Alla Holodzen, Simferopol
Dwarf ficus can be twisted around special decorative poles, setting the right direction for the shoots.
Ficus (Ficus Cyathistipula). He also has one name - Tsiatistipula. This is perhaps one of the most unpretentious plants from the family of ficus. One of the distinguishing features - strong branching and closely spaced leaves. Hence the admirable view - it always looks magnificent.
The leaf-leaf leaf is large, leathery, elongated: up to 20 cm long, no more than 7-8 cm wide. The top of the leaf is rounded and the tip is pointed. The leaf on the front side is dark green, and the reverse is light. The reverse side of the sheet looks interesting and unusual: in the form of a net.
Photo of the reverse side of the sheet
And another sign: brown scales. In the photo above it is clearly visible. Scales always appear at the ends of the branches. They play the role of protecting young leaves from external factors. Fall over time, but keep on the branches for a long time.
The name Ficus Lirovidny is obtained precisely because of its leaves, which reach 50 cm in length (25 cm in width) and have wavy edges. This variety boasts the largest wavy leaves. From it grows a tree of fairly large size, which does not like the neighborhood, preferring to stand apart from others. It does not apply to banyanas (plants with aerial roots). It has an upright trunk, characteristic leaves with green veins on a dark green background. In form, leaves widening towards the top resemble a violin.
The ficus with the female name Natasha refers to the sub-subforms of Benjamin.Natasha (Bendzhanin)
This is an evergreen perennial shrub that can grow up to 2 meters in indoor conditions. The bush has many thin shoots with densely growing small leaves, which are the smallest among the rest of the Benjamin species. The leaves themselves have a leathery structure, ellipsoid shape with a pointed tip. The color of the leaves can vary from white-green to rich green.Photos of leaves of ficus Natasha and Cypress - for comparison
Natasha Ficus does not like drafts, direct sunlight, frequent movements, prefers to grow in one permanent place. He likes irrigation (twice daily), regular shaking of the crown (for airing lush foliage).Photo of Mikrokarpa Retuz
Microcarp variety looks very similar to one of the varieties of Benjamin. It is characterized by an accelerated growth of the root system, so it is often used to create bonsai. Microcarp leaves can be of different shapes: elongated, elongated, oval. On the shelves of our flower shops you can often see this variety grown in a special way, at which the roots resembling the roots of ginseng become visible. On the label that is attached to the pot it is written - Ficus microcarpa Ginseng (ficus microcarp ginseng).
In order to achieve this form of roots, it is necessary to do complex agrotechnical work with the use of hormonal supplements and appropriate fertilizers. Under natural conditions, this plant reaches a height of 25 meters, it is also called a “strangler” because of the tendency to twist the trunks around a number of growing trees, to prevent their further growth and development. Ficus Ginseng is used as a billet material for the subsequent formation of a plant to get a bonsai style.Photo Mikrokarpa - style bonsai
Separately, it is worth mentioning the formation of bonsai - miniature trees, which by their appearance repeat large brethren (roots and crown). Translation from Chinese "bonsai" is "grown in a tray." For blanks, varieties of ordinary trees or bushes are used, but with the use of clever cutting technologies, wire stitching, and special irrigation techniques, amazing mini-gardens are created. For the cultivation of bonsai ficus optimally ficus - it has all the required characteristics that are important for this area.
Ficus bonsai is created from varieties:
Variety Robusta refers to rubber plant rubber plants.Kauchukonosny (elastic) - Robusta - photo Galina, Lugansk
Under natural conditions, it can grow up to 50-60 meters in height (but more often there are specimens of 30-40 m), it is the highest representative of this family.
This is one of the most unpretentious species. Not very experienced flower growers, lovers of Ficus, are recommended to start their activities with him. Ficus Robusta has fleshy large leaves (approximately 30 cm long), which can be either monochrome (dark green) or white or yellow.Stock Foto Robusta with leaves of different colors
It looks great in floor tanks, likes frequent, but moderate watering, not too picky about light.
Another representative of the Benjamin variety - Kinki.Photo of Kinki (Benjamin) - photo by Yulia Semenyuk (Mirekina), Krasnoyarsk
This is a dwarf ficus with small narrow leaves of a light green color and cream edging at the edges. The photophilous Kinki, who prefers diffuse lighting, does not like hot air (do not place near batteries or heaters), as well as drafts. It is extremely undesirable to move it from one place to another (it can drop foliage). He will feel comfortable with moderate regular irrigation and irrigation.
In the natural environment, a characteristic feature of the Bengal ficus is banyan - a special form of the root system, in which one plant looks like a forest from a variety of trees growing nearby.Bengali - Banyan Tree
The Bengal ficus has large (up to 20 cm long), slightly velvety leaves; at home it grows up to 2 meters in a few years. He likes good lighting, sunlight, although he needs to shade it in order to avoid burns on the leaves.Photo by Andre (view of Bengal)
Light is the main component of the harmonious development of this flower. If natural lighting is poor, then the installation of an additional source of artificial light becomes relevant. It is recommended not too active watering.
Melanie variety belongs to the family of rubber-figs, once it was also used to produce rubber, but now it is a full-fledged ornamental plant.Photo of Melanie (rubber)
Ficus Melanie are neat bushes with voluminous crown, they look equally harmonious in offices, home interior. This variety is unpretentious in the care, likes frequent spraying, but prefers moderate watering, from too bright lighting begins to hurt. It has glossy leaves of a leathery structure (12-15 cm long), a graceful trunk, well-shaped crown. Allergy sufferers should take a closer look at this class before the establishment, as its milky juice is toxic and may cause allergies.
Ficus Moclame is a tall bush with a neat compact crown.Photo Mikrokarpa Moklaim (Moklame) - photo by Darya Cherepenchuk, Orenburg
The shoots of this plant are directed upwards, the oval leaves of saturated green color have a very dense structure - slightly resemble plastic. This flower loves ambient lighting. When there is a lack of light, Moclam leaves turn pale, and with sufficient light they become saturated. This variety requires moderate watering and irrigation (especially in summer).
Ficus in the house - signs
Ficuses are living plants, like all creatures, they carry an energy charge. What it is: positive or negative - it is worth finding out. Sometimes in the relevant forums you can read the concerns of the owners, the debate about whether to keep ficus at home.
If we consider signs, it is worth to highlight a few basic, most frequently mentioned:
- If you are experiencing a sudden rush to acquire this plant, then it is likely that soon you will be replenished in the family. However, in order for this sign to start “working”, a ficus should give you a positive, pleasant person.
- If a girl or woman wants to get married, then she should personally grow a ficus from a small stem. Ухаживать за растением должна только она, также рекомендуется непосредственное общение с цветком, то есть – наслоение благоприятной энергетики на него.
- Если расположить горшочек с цветком на кухне, то материальное положение семьи улучшится, а доходы будут расти. Если вы плохо спите или пребываете в состоянии стресса, то поставьте его в своей спальне.
- Это растение привлекает удачу, настраивает атмосферу на благоприятный лад, оптимизирует энергетику в целом.
According to biological studies, it was proved that the presence of ficus cleans the air in the room, saturates it with oxygen (it releases phytoncides). This plant is able to absorb a variety of compounds harmful to humans (phenol, formaldehyde, benzene, trichlorethylene, others). Special enzymes that contain plant leaves can transform individual toxic elements into sugars and amino acids.
There is information about the use of ficus traditional medicine in Eastern countries: it can cure skin, oncological, intestinal diseases. However, you should not experience little-known methods of treatment, and it is better to consult a competent doctor.
A plant can be harmful only if a person is allergic to it. Certain types of ficuses, the same rubber-bearing ones, secrete juice, which can have a detrimental effect on the well-being of people with asthma. This juice can not taste, it is also undesirable contact with the skin.
Be doubly careful if you have small children, curious pets - contact with this plant may not be the best way to affect their health.
As we can see, the positive qualities of the ficus are much more than the possible prohibitions to its maintenance at home.
This is a beautiful evergreen plant, the care of which will not require you to spend a lot of time or some tricky conditions. Any representative of this family can decorate your home with its decorative. We hope that the varieties of ficus described here with photos and names will help you to make the right choice and to settle in your home a new green friend.
Below - varieties of ficuses - photos and names of varieties:Anastasia (Benjamin) Lovely (Benjamin) Midnight Lady (Benjamin) - Photo by Alla Holodzen, Simferopol Daniel (a kind of Benjamin) Baroque (a kind of Benjamin) - photo Galina ღღ, Lugansk Starlight (Benjamin) Nina (Benjamin) Baft (Benjamin) Irene (Benjamin) - photo Galina ღღ, Lugansk Regidan (a kind of Benjamin) Safari (Benjamin) - photo Galina ღღ, Lugansk Photo De Gantel (Benjamin) - Photo by Darya Cherepenchuk, Orenburg Lakia (Benjamin)
Photo of Ali (a kind of Binnandik) - photo by Alla Holodzen, Simferopol Amstel Gold (Binnandik variety) - Galina фото photo, Lugansk Photo Opposit - one of the varieties of figs Dwarf - Pumila White Sunny - photo Galina ღღ, Lugansk Benjamin Variety - Midnight Lady Photo of Esther (Neon) - a kind of Benjamin Deltoid ficus - photo The deltoid ficus triangular leaf, tapers to a cutting Deltoid (variegated) ficus with a triangular leaf