Experienced gardeners grow several varieties of grapes at once for the sake of sports interest, that is, simply in order to personally try, “feel” one or another variety. Sometimes it is pleasant to surprise relatives or acquaintances by treating them at once with several different bunches of grapes grown personally. Or make homemade wine using multiple crops. Some people want something new and they are trying to contribute to the development of viticulture. Now there are enough grape varieties bred by amateur breeders. These include the grape variety Viktor, which became famous gardeners thanks to amateur breeder Krainov VN. (this man managed to bring out several more hybrids, the most famous of which are the Transfiguration and the Anniversary of Novocherkassk). When crossing two varieties - Talisman and Kishmish radiant - he received Victor grapes, a description of the characteristics of which will be presented in this article.
Hybrid Victor refers to the early table varieties, or even can be said, very early. The grapes ripen completely in 100-110 days, that is, in early August you can already enjoy the taste of ripe fruits. As for the plant, a characteristic is the high maturation of the vine, vigorous bushes. Bisexual flowers are pollinated remarkably, no troubles in this connection were noticed. Plant best cuttings, they root very well. When pruning fruitful vine, both short, 3-4 eyes, and long, 8-10 eyes, pruning are used. For one plant, a load of no more than 35 holes is allowed; for shoots, this number should not exceed 25. Remember that further yield depends on the shape of the bush.
Bunches of Victor grapes can be of different sizes, depending on the care. On average, their weight is 500-750 g, but with very good care of the culture, you can get clusters weighing 1 kg or even heavier. They are of medium density, no cases of berries pea were noticed. The berries harmonize in size with bunches - they are also very large, weighing about 15 g each. They are oval or finger-shaped (often with a sharpened tip). The color is different: from light colors (pink, lilac) to dark colors (red, purple) when fully mature. The flesh has an average density, has a harmonious taste. The skin is not very thin, but when I eat it is not felt at all.
Productivity is quite high, and stable from year to year - the level is kept at about 6 kg per bush. Marketability and transportability of fruits is not worse than other varieties. Victor grapes proved to be a frost-resistant plant: in the author's description the ability to withstand frost at -22 ° C was claimed, but a case of successful wintering without shelter was recorded, when the temperature dropped to -24 ° C.
Victor grapes are still a very young grape variety, since they were bred only in the mid-2000s, so the description of its characteristics may not be complete. Most growers only look at him, they check it in different conditions: they try to grow it in warmer / colder areas, determine the most suitable soils, check resistance to various diseases and pests. If you are not afraid of the new, then you can safely begin to grow Victor grapes.
Video “Grape Victor”
In this video - a list of the main characteristics of the hybrid variety Victor, as well as a review of an amateur grower about this variety.
Advantages and disadvantages
This table hybrid is popular and is often found on home gardens in various regions of Russia. Victor grapes have many good qualities, such as:
- High yield,
- stable fruiting,
- short term ripening berries,
- high taste of the crop,
- no peas berries,
- excellent transportability and preservation of fruits,
- the ability to reproduce grapes in various ways,
- good rooting of seedlings,
- strong fast-growing shoots
- well ripening vine,
- frost resistance
- plant self-pollination, bisexual flowers,
- immunity to viruses, infections, pests.
In addition to the advantages, there are several drawbacks:
- Exposure to freezing of flowers during spring frosts,
- wasp berries damage.
Planting and care
Victor can be propagated in several ways: seeds, layering, cuttings and seedlings.
Dilution by seeds is a simple and cheap way. The only disadvantage of this method is the long process of growing and the slow onset of fruiting. In addition, there is a possibility of obtaining grapes with qualities different from the source material.
If the plot has this variety, it can be propagated by layering. At the same time, the long vine bends down to the ground, pinned, covered with earth, and watered. The buried part grows with time, gives roots, after which it is separated from the parent bush and transplanted to a permanent place.
It is possible to plant this variety to any varieties of grapes. The disadvantage of this method is the probability of taking varieties (scion and stock) of their varietal characteristics. The taste and type of berries may differ from the original variety. But if you choose the stock correctly, you can improve the variety and make it more resistant to cold and the invasion of harmful insects.
The most common method is reproduction by seedlings. It is best to buy plants with closed, dormant buds. These seedlings go faster in growth and grow.
The best time for planting grapes is the middle of spring.
When buying plants you need to pay attention to the appearance of the seedling, especially the root system. It should be wet and free from damage by fungi and insects. The plant should not have damage and creases.
It is advisable to plant a shrub in light sandy or loamy soil, or black soil, which has high water-carrying capacity. The depth of groundwater should be at 2 meters or more.
Place for planting should be closed from the north wind, well lit and located at a distance from the fence, the walls of the house and other plants.
For planting you need to dig a hole with a depth and width of 80 centimeters. A layer of fertile soil mixed with superphosphate, nitrogenous and potash fertilizers, rotted humus is poured on its bottom. In a month, when the soil in the pit settles, the grapes are planted. A few hours before planting, the roots of the seedling are soaked in a growth stimulant solution or a clay mash.
The prepared plant is set in the middle of the pit and covered with fertile soil. The root neck should rise above the ground after falling asleep at a height of 5 centimeters. The earth is slightly rammed and watered with settled water. Next to the plant is driven in a peg for garter vines.
In the future, the grapes need to provide good care, which includes:
- fighting wasps and other insects,
- shelter for the winter.
Pruning grapes can be done both long and short (for 8 - 10 or 3 - 4 buds). On the bush there are no more than 35 eyes. The strongest shoots are chosen. Extra stepchildren cut out. The remaining shoots are tied to a support.
In the spring held katarovka. Rosy roots, prone to rapid freezing, are cut off. The second katarovka young stock is made in the summer.
Unnecessary shoots without clusters, cut off during the entire warm season. The height of the vine should be no more than 1.7 meters, the rest of the pinch.
When ripe berries, shoots and leaves that interfere with the ingress of sunlight on the clusters are cut off.
The first time it is carried out in the spring before the blooming of the vines. If you water the vine with warm water, then the awakening of the kidneys is more active, and cold water slows down the growth and development of the plant.
During the growing season for one plant requires one watering per week. A month later, it is reduced to 1 time in 2 weeks. 3 weeks before picking up, watering stops.
In the autumn watering is needed to improve the resistance of the vine to frost in the winter. If autumn is rainy, no additional watering is necessary.
For watering the vine, a hole about 30 centimeters deep is dug around the trunk. On one bush 2 buckets of water are taken. The soil, after watering, is loosened and covered with a layer of vegetable mulch (needles, humus, sawdust).
Disease resistance in grapes Victor is high. But the wasps for grapes are a real scourge. To remove pests used sticky tape, protective nets and containers with sugar and poison. For the prevention of the invasion of other insects twice a season (in spring and autumn), the plant is sprayed with protective preparations.
Top dressing of vines is made in the spring, in the first half of summer and in the autumn. For spring and summer feeding, take a bucket of water, 2 kilograms of infusion of cow or horse manure, 50 grams of wood ash, 30 grams of superphosphate. Fertilizers are applied during or after abundant watering. In the autumn, before wintering, humus or rotted compost is introduced into the soil, which can serve as mulch.
Closer to winter, the vines are pruned and shelter from the cold with spruce branches, agrofibre or other insulation. When the first snow on the bush, you can throw a snow layer, forming a snowdrift. In the spring, the winter shelter retracts at the end of April, after a complete descent of snow cover. The plant is cracked down and tied to a support.
Victor grapes: video
Interesting FactsThe characteristics of Victor grapes and its properties, as well as resistance to various diseases and pests are still under study. This is a fairly young variety: it was first bred around the mid-2000s.
Amateur gardeners experimentally try to determine which soil and climatic conditions, external factors are best suited for this variety, and also have the greatest impact on it.
Victor variety is equally suitable for use in food and for wine production. Its great taste will not leave indifferent the true connoisseurs of this delicacy, and high yields will delight the hosts for many years.