This plant is characterized by rough straight stems, basal leaves and large baskets that reach a diameter of 15 cm. Echinacea grows purple to one meter in height, has a peculiar smell and purple-red color. It is often confused with rudbeckia, but these are two different herbs. Among the medicinal plants, Echinacea purpurea occupies a well-deserved pride of place, since its healing properties make it possible to heal, not from the effects of diseases, but from root causes.
Echinacea - Composition
The medicinal plant is rich in various mineral and biologically active substances. The composition of Echinacea includes a lot of iron, selenium, potassium, calcium, silver, cobalt, manganese, magnesium, zinc and other components useful for the human body. Its rhizomes are saturated with fatty and essential oils, tannins, resins, organic acids, inulin, glucose, alkaloids, polysaccharides.
The special value of echinacea - the presence in the composition of betaine, which does not develop stroke and heart attack. Such a rich therapeutic composition gives an excellent opportunity to participate drugs with echinacea in the blood, forming the strength of bones, nail plates, teeth. To use drugs on the basis of Echinacea purpurea should be strictly according to the instructions (description) so that there is no overdose.
Echinacea - benefit and harm
The diverse chemical composition of the plant exhibits antiseptic and antiviral properties. The use of echinacea is manifested in the treatment of influenza and other viral infections, since phenol carboxylic acids have a stimulating effect on the immune system. Echinacea purpurea is distinguished by its anti-inflammatory and antifungal ability, speeds up the healing of wounds, eczema, ulcers. The benefits and harms of echinacea are close, because the plant's ability to simulate immunity sometimes turn against a person if he has an autoimmune disease.
Echinacea - application
The unique properties that Echinacea contains are used not only for the prevention of various diseases, but also in complex treatment. For therapeutic purposes, suitable stems, roots, leaves, flowers of a young plant that has not reached two years. Internal use of echinacea is important for ear infections, colds, diabetes, female diseases, diseases of the liver, bladder. The plant infects streptococcus, staphylococcus, E. coli. Echinacea and with external use gives an excellent result. Medicinal plant eliminates skin problems such as:
Echinacea for immunity
An alcoholic tincture containing Echinacea roots has a powerful immune stimulating effect on the human body. Her reception is particularly relevant as a preventive measure in the period of acute respiratory diseases. The systematic use of echinacea tincture for immunity inhibits the proliferation of microbes, awakens the phagocytic response, increases the level of white blood cells to the blood.
Echinacea, infused with alcohol, is also effectively used to treat diseases of the skin, urogenital system, tissue repair and wound healing. You can buy the tincture at any pharmacy or make yourself a prescription:
- cleaned, washed, chopped, dug echinacea root,
- pour 70% 95% alcohol with alcohol so that it completely covers the roots,
- two weeks insist mixture in a warm place,
- then press, filter,
- Take a tincture of echinacea root to increase immunity, 15-30 drops three times a day.
Find out more about what is useful for immunity.
Echinacea for children
When the child's immunity resistance decreases, this is accompanied by long and frequent colds. You can restore a weakened immune system with the help of various drugs created on the basis of an immunostimulating plant with healing properties. Now Echinacea for children from 2 years old is available in the form of herbal, tea, candy, chewable tablets, syrups. For babies up to one year, taking any medicinal herbs should be coordinated with the attending pediatrician.
Echinacea during pregnancy
When a woman is carrying a child, her immunity is greatly reduced, but the use of various medications is extremely undesirable. In the early stages of pregnancy the formation of the baby’s organs occurs, therefore it is impossible to endanger him. The beneficial properties of echinacea determine its intake in strictly prescribed doses to pregnant women and mothers during lactation. A study was conducted in which the positive effects of the herb on the fetus and the health of the woman were considered. Echinacea during pregnancy helps to avoid tonsillitis, flu and other infectious diseases.
Echinacea for colds
In the cold season, colds are often guests in the house. Traditional medicine knows many recipes that will relieve fever and cough at home. The traditional way to get rid of the symptoms of hypothermia is to prepare a decoction of dried Echinacea grass. How to brew echinacea for colds:
- Take 30 g of dried flowers of the plant. Place in a glass or ceramic container.
- Raw materials pour boiling water over (2 cups). Boil 10 minutes under low heat on low heat.
- Let the broth brew in a thermos for 5 hours. Strain, take Echinacea with jam or honey three times / day, 125 ml until complete recovery.
Botanical characteristics of Echinacea
Echinacea is a perennial low plant with a short, rhizome that has many fine roots. The stems of the plant are leafy, simple, but strongly branched. On the stems are rough, located in the next position of the leaves, which decrease to the top of the stem. At the top of the stem of Echinacea is a flower basket, having a receptacle in the shape of a ball. The flower basket consists of reed flowers which are colored from pink to purple. Summer is the period when Echinacea blooms and beautiful bright flowers appear on the stems. In the center of the basket are tubular flowers - they are the ones that bear fruit.
Echinacea is common in Russia, the North Caucasus and Ukraine. She prefers to grow in the sun, fertile and at least a little drained soil.
Reproduction of echinacea
Echinacea grows well in sunny areas and does not tolerate shade. It is resistant to cold and drought. Echinacea - a plant that is undemanding to the soil. However, on light sandy soil, Echinacea will grow poorly. Echinacea is propagated in two ways: by seed and by dividing the bush.
During the reproduction of echinacea by the seed method, seeds are sown in open and closed ground. To begin with, prepare a box with soil. In the prepared box seeds are sown, on top of which poured sand. Immediately after sowing, the soil is watered, but carefully. In 14–40 days, friendly shoots of the plant will appear. The main thing in the cultivation of seedlings of echinacea - moderately use watering and not let the soil dry up. In May, seedlings are transplanted from boxes to open ground. After that, they regularly loosen and water the soil.
If echinacea seeds are sown immediately in open ground, the seedlings in this case will appear in 14-30 days.
Echinacea often propagated by dividing the bush. For this, the bushes are divided in spring and left in a special solution that stimulates root growth. When delenki are planted in the soil, their root collar should be at ground level.
One more Echinacea breeding species has become common now - meristem. Plants propagated in this way are tiny in size. They are planted in pots with fertile soil and watered regularly. After 30–45 days from the date of planting in the pot, the plant is transplanted to a permanent place.
Growing and caring for echinacea
For the cultivation of Echinacea pick a bright and fertile site. In the last autumn days, you need to cut the stems of the plant and mulch the root neck. If echinacea to create favorable conditions, then it quickly and grow well. On fertile plots grow powerful plants of this species. In the spring, namely in the period of active growth, it is necessary to make additional feeding. When the plants begin to form buds, it is fed a second time - this ends the feeding.
In the first year of life, the plant observed only the formation of rosettes of leaves. And in the second year, Echinacea will bloom. Flowering lasts no more than three months. If the plant is infected with a rot or other disease, then fungicides are used in this case.
Useful properties of Echinacea
Echinacea has beneficial properties that help in the treatment of various diseases. With the help of Echinacea increase immunity. The plant has antiviral properties: it does not reproduce cocci infections, harmful bacteria and viruses. Echinacea is used for herpes, flu and intestinal infections. This plant is often used as an agent that has an anti-inflammatory effect. Echinacea has the ability to heal difficult wounds, ulcers and eczema.
Echinacea is a good anti-cold remedy, which is why it is used for sore throat, ARVI and flu. The plant contains many medicinal elements and substances, betaine is especially important among them. It is precisely this that prevents the onset of symptoms of a heart attack or stroke.
For the treatment of various diseases, traditional medicine uses echinacea, which is at least two years old. Medicinal raw materials of the plant are flowers, stems, roots and leaves. Inside Echinacea is recommended for colds, flu, blood poisoning or bladder diseases. In addition to internal use, echinacea is also successfully and quite often used externally in the treatment of urticaria, burns, herpes and other skin diseases.
Echinacea is used when exposed to heavy metals and fungicides, liver disease and diabetes. Echinacea-based preparations have a depressing effect on streptococci, Escherichia coli and influenza virus present in the body.
The plant has shown good results in the treatment of prostatitis, rheumatism, osteomyelitis and diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Echinacea decoction lotions are used for psoriasis, insect bites, as an antidote to snake bites. Echinacea broth treats gastric ulcer, normalizes blood pressure and improves the condition of the body as a whole.
Echinacea decoction. Take the fresh (dry) leaves of the plant and chop them. Now, 1 teaspoon of crushed raw materials, pour a glass of boiling water. Put everything in the water bath for 5–10 minutes. After removing from the water bath, the broth is allowed to infuse. Take it 100 ml 3 times daily before meals.
Echinacea tincture for depression. To prepare it, you need to take 10 grams of the roots of a plant and pour 100 ml of 70% alcohol on them. Means left to infuse for a day. Take the tincture of 20 (30) drops three times a day.
Echinacea for headache. Take all the parts of the plant and make them powder. Mix the finished powder with honey. For 100 grams of echinacea powder you will need 300 grams of honey. All the contents are well mixed and taken with tea three times a day. This remedy helps normalize sleep, calms the nervous system and lowers blood pressure.
Echinacea tea for flu and cold. Take the root of the plant and chop it. Now mix 1 teaspoon of the root and the same amount of echinacea leaves with the three flowers of the plant. Pour the entire mixture with two cups of boiling water and leave for 40 minutes. Tea is taken in the amount of three glasses per day in the treatment of a disease, and as a prophylaxis, one glass per day.
Echinacea tincture for constipation or gastritis. We take 20 grams of stems with leaves and flowers and pour 200 ml of vodka into them. Leave to insist for 14–20 days in a dark room. During the period of infusion it is necessary to shake up the contents periodically. After filtering the finished tincture, it is taken three times a day, 20-30 drops before meals. The course of treatment is 1.5 weeks, after which they take a break for 3 days and again resume the course of treatment, and so on one more time. This tincture can be used to treat diseases of the female genital organs, kidney or bladder disease, vascular spasms and stomach ulcers.
Echinacea alcohol tincture has a powerful effect on the human immune system. Regular use of such a means significantly increases the number of leukocytes, activates the phagocytic response, and can also inhibit the multiplication of pathogenic microbes. In the cold season, taking such a curative tincture will lengthen the periods between episodes of viral infections, since it activates protective immune mechanisms. In addition, the unique components that make up the Echinacea, will help get rid of the inflammatory processes of the bladder, kidneys and ureter. It should also be noted that this remarkable tincture can treat wounds for their speedy healing, as well as various boils and skin inflammations. It not only increases the action of histogenic phagocytes, but also contributes to tissue repair.
To strengthen the children's body, modern pediatricians recommend giving children such a tincture. It is an excellent anti-cold remedy of natural origin. Side effects with long-term use of echinacea tincture are very rare. As a rule, it can be various allergic rashes and dizziness. In these cases, the intake of tinctures should immediately stop.
How to take echinacea? Experts prescribe such a tool before a meal (for 20-30 minutes) at least three times a day. Note that at the very beginning of treatment the exact dose should not exceed 40 drops for an adult person per day. In the following days, the maximum dosage is 60 drops. Children over 12 years old can take a tincture diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3, 5–10 drops 2 times a day.
The appropriate duration of the course of treatment is determined by the doctor depending on the specific features of the course of the disease and its severity. With good tolerability, the drug can be used in prescribed doses until a stable achievement of the therapeutic effect. However, the maximum duration should not exceed 8 weeks. For external use it is recommended to make a special solution. 40 drops of tincture should be diluted in 100 ml of sodium chloride. This tool is shown as compresses, lotions, cavitary tampons and rinses.
Echinacea extract has a powerful tonic effect on the entire nervous system. It gives a feeling of cheerfulness, and also perfectly restores performance. Delightful adaptogenic properties of the plant causes the body's immunity to adverse environmental factors. In addition, the regular use of this tool perfectly relieves overstrain and is an excellent preventive drug against acute respiratory infections. Immunostimulatory effects will help reduce the number of colds. As an external remedy, echinacea extract is indicated for relieving pain and healing various wounds.
The dosage of the drug for adults is not more than 8 drops, for children - from 3 to 5 drops, depending on age. Babies can dissolve echinacea in a small amount of water or tea.
It should be borne in mind that in chronic hypertension and overexcitation of such a drug is strictly contraindicated.
The healing syrup of this plant helps to strengthen the protective mechanisms of the immune system. Echinacea also boasts its antioxidant properties. Echinacea syrup is prescribed for various oncological manifestations. In addition, this drug increases the resistance of healthy cells to the effects of harmful microorganisms. It should also be noted that Echinacea syrup normalizes thyroid function and metabolism.
Contraindications to the use of echinacea
Children under the age of two cannot use echinacea in any way. Pregnant women, nursing mothers and people with multiple sclerosis should also be wary of drugs from this plant. If a person has a sore throat of acute nature, then echinacea tincture is contraindicated. In any case, it is impossible to take Echinacea for more than one month.
Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).
Chemical composition of the plant
Today, more than 10 species of this flower are known and described. Of these, the most studied and popular is Echinacea purpurea or rudbeckia. Many amateur gardeners treat it only as a flowering ornamental plant, forgetting about its medicinal properties. And in vain.
При грамотном применении эхинацея способна защитить организм от многих болезней и облегчить их течение, уменьшить опасность осложнений и ускорить выздоровление.
Своими полезными качествами лекарственное растение обязано уникальному химическому составу:
- органические антиоксиданты (эхиналон и эхинацин),
- эфирные масла,
- витамины А, Е и С,
- природные кислоты,
- дубильные соединения,
- натуральные антимикотики,
The overall benefits of Echinacea purpurea are equated to the effects of several medications, including antibiotics and multivitamin preparations.
So, thanks to the silicon contained in it, funds with purple orebeckia accelerate the healing of tissues after surgery, iron improves blood quality and eliminates anemia. Selenium, phosphorus and calcium are necessary for older people, because they normalize mineral metabolism, strengthen bones and increase resistance to disease.
The presence of manganese, potassium and magnesium is insignificant, however, these compounds harmoniously fit into the overall picture and enhance the action of the main elements.
Council Echinacea purpurea leaves and flowers are a useful food supplement. Young greens can be put in summer salads and sauces. The grass has a pleasant taste, heals the gastrointestinal tract well, reduces appetite and eliminates dysbacteriosis.
Healing properties of Echinacea purpurea
Rudbeckia has a pronounced immunostimulating effect, increases the body's resistance to fungal and bacterial infections. A good activity of the plant against herpes viruses and influenza.
Medicinal properties of Echinacea purpurea:
- regenerating and blood-forming,
Especially useful medicinal plant for the body of the elderly and weak people. Due to atrophy of the thymus, old people often decrease their immunity and it becomes more difficult for T-lymphocytes to recognize the antigens of a cancer, which leads to the development of oncology. How to maintain immunity with echinacea, you can learn from the article "Echinacea - a faithful assistant to strengthen the immune system."
Indications for use of Echinacea purpurea
What does rudbeckia help? Medicinal herb is widely used for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, including influenza, acute respiratory infections, acute respiratory viral infections and pathologies of upper respiratory tract. It is better to start taking Echinacea purpurea before the first signs of a cold appear, but if the trouble has already happened and the ailment has fully manifested itself, the plant will ease the symptoms and speed up recovery.
It is interesting. Unlike ginseng, which literally makes the immune system work for wear, rudbeckia purple gently stimulates the body and helps it to function to the best of its abilities and capabilities.
What else treats Echinacea? Drugs based on it are often used in the treatment of the following pathologies:
- lesions of the urinary tract,
- human papillomavirus (warts),
- some sexually transmitted infections
- heavy metal and pesticide poisoning,
- radiation and chemotherapy in oncology,
- immune diseases (mononucleosis),
- constipation, flatulence, abdominal pain, dysbiosis, poor digestion,
- skin problems (psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis),
- nervous disorders, depression, stress,
And this is not a complete list of indications. Echinacea purpurea is often prescribed for herpes (simple and genital), rheumatoid arthritis, headaches of unknown etiology, leukopenia, long-term antibiotic therapy.
It is useful to take orebeckia with physical and mental exhaustion, loss of efficiency, liver disease. With the help of plants you can get rid of excess weight, improve athletic performance, reduce cravings for alcohol and tobacco, and even facilitate the adaptation in an unfamiliar team.
What is the use of Echinacea purpurea for women?
The benefits of echinacea for women can not be overestimated. The plant is indispensable in the treatment of many gynecological diseases and hormonal disorders that can occur at any age.
- inflammation of the female urogenital organs (cystitis, oophoritis, cervicitis, adnexitis),
- vaginal yeast infection,
- sexually transmitted diseases (syphilis, gonorrhea),
- kidney inflammation.
Echinacea preparations have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the thyroid gland and the adrenal glands, stimulate the synthesis of hormones, which is especially important for women during menopause.
Lack of estrogen and progesterone lead to the cessation of menstruation, obesity, dry skin and hair, the development of osteoporosis, emotional instability. To cope with the unpleasant condition will help receiving tincture of Echinacea purpurea. How to properly use the drug, you can read here.
What is useful rudbeckia for pregnant women? It is known that in the period of carrying a child from future mothers the immunity is sharply reduced, and respiratory infections and other ailments begin to haunt them. Many obstetrician-gynecologists believe that taking Echinacea purpurea in this difficult period for a woman is fully justified.
The plant is able to replace many drugs, the use of which during pregnancy is undesirable.
Studies have confirmed that the medicinal herb does not adversely affect the fetus or the health of the mother. As for the time of lactation, there has been no such research here, but pediatricians allow the use of echinacea preparations in reasonable quantities.
The benefits of Echinacea purpurea for men
The ability of Rudbeckia to positively influence the reproductive system is also used in the treatment of the stronger sex. The herb is effective in the treatment of the following diseases:
- prostate adenomas,
- sexually transmitted infections
- reducing erection
- inflammation of the prostate, including bacterial
- malignant tumors of the reproductive system.
Echinacea purpurea quickly relieves inflammation, kills germs and viruses, inhibits the growth of fungi. As part of the fight against alcoholism, the plant reduces the craving for alcohol and relieves withdrawal symptoms when canceled. To combat a bad habit, you can take up to 80 drops of echinacea per day, but when side effects appear, the dosage must be reduced.
Echinacea for men
This plant has an extremely positive effect on the male body, especially on organs and systems that belong to the sexual sphere. It is able to relieve inflammation, suppress the reproduction of fungi, destroy infections and viruses.
Important! Some studies have shown that men who want to have children do not need to be carried away by treatment with echinacea, because it impairs sperm motility, inhibits testosterone production.
Means made from plants will help with:
- inflammatory processes of the urogenital system,
- prostate adenoma,
- the presence of sexually transmitted infections.
Echinacea in various dosage forms is used for cancer, which affects not only the reproductive system, but also other organs. These funds increase the protective functions of the body, there is a cleansing of harmful substances.
Healing plant for women
Echinacea is indispensable in the treatment of many female diseases that can appear at any age. It is quite effective in the presence of:
Also means containing the plant are used in the treatment of inflammatory processes of the ovaries, cervix, bladder, kidneys. They have a positive effect on the work of the adrenal glands and the thyroid gland, which stimulates the production of hormones. The result of this is the normalization of hormonal background, the elimination of problems that are associated with the dysfunction of these organs.
Healing properties for children
The use of preparations containing plants has an extremely positive effect on the children's body. They are effective for the prevention of colds, flu. Regular use of echinacea significantly increases the body's resistance to various infections, viruses, bacteria.
Important! It is not recommended to use products based on flowers and roots of the plant for the treatment of children under 3 years old.
- Tincture, decoction, infusion, tea will be effective drugs in the treatment of otitis media, stomatitis, gum disease. They can lubricate insect bites, cuts.
- With colds, bronchitis, sore throat, you can use inhalations, take warm baths using Echinacea extract.
It is recommended to carry out aromatherapy, which has no contraindications, has a positive effect on the health of the crumbs, improves immunity.
Important! If you are interested in reading about the benefits of echinacea for immunity in detail, then follow the link.
Application of a unique plant for the skin
Various cosmetics, containing Echinacea extract, have a wonderful effect on the skin and hair. They relieve inflammation, stimulate regeneration processes, increase skin elasticity and firmness.
Important! Shampoos, masks based on echinacea improves hair growth, they are not split. You can also get rid of dandruff.
If you use water infusions, alcohol tinctures to wipe the face, you can eliminate bags under the eyes, improve skin condition. These funds will be effective in the presence of diseases:
Echinacea extract will help in the presence of papilloma, warts, boils.
To improve the condition of the skin on the whole body, it is recommended to take warm baths with the addition of fresh decoction.
How to cook at home
To get a healing tool you need to use dry raw materials. It is best to buy the herb in the pharmacy, only then you can be sure of its quality.
For tincture, take 25-30 g of dried leaves, flowers and stems of plants. Put them in a glass container and pour 450 ml of vodka. Insist this mixture in a dark cool place for 19-22 days. You need to constantly shake the container to extract the maximum benefit from the herbs.
After the expiration of this term, strain the tincture and use as intended.
To prepare the medicine you need:
- Take 1 tbsp. l dried raw materials that need to be crushed.
- Fill it with 450 ml of boiling water. Tomit on low heat for 25 minutes.
- Insist for 35 minutes, then strain.
Take 120 ml of warm liquid three times a day to improve the performance of the pancreas, digestive system. The course of treatment is 9-12 days.
Infusion on cold water
This tool will be effective in losing weight, to improve immunity.
To prepare the infusion, take 1-2 tbsp. l herbs that pour 260 ml of cold boiled water. Insist on for 8-9 hours, then strain.
Use 150 ml 2-3 times a day before meals for 10-15 days.
Despite the large number of useful properties, means with the content of echinacea has some contraindications that you need to know before use.
This plant is strictly prohibited for the treatment of young children under 3 years of age, pregnant and lactating women.
It is necessary to keep from the use of a unique flower in the presence of:
- autoimmune diseases
- acute angina.
Despite some contraindications, treatment with echinacea shows only a positive result on health. The plant has a unique composition, contains a large amount of vitamins and nutrients that are very necessary for man.