Ficus Moclame (mimoclame) is a small compact tree that is perfect for growing in small spaces. It often happens that a person lives in very modest conditions, which do not allow him to grow large-sized room crops, but, after all, I really want to start a ficus tree.
This small, but surprisingly beautiful variety came to us from warm countries: it grows in the wild in the Philippines, in China, Taiwan and Japan. It is easy to care for a tree, and its permanent presence in the house will decorate any interior.
Types of ficus Microcarp
Ficus Mikrokarpa Moklame is not distinguished by a large number of species, and lovers of houseplants who are just beginning to be interested in them may not notice the differences between different representatives of this variety. There are only two of them, and the difference between them lies in the nature of the color of the foliage.
The first representative is a variegated, that is, a petrolifter, very loving and beautiful and light. Compared with other variegated varieties, it is not particularly capricious and easy to maintain.
The second is the original and unusual Ginseng (in other words, ginseng). He has nothing to do with ginseng, and this name got for its wide thick roots. The gaze involuntarily stops on them, so it is traditionally customary to form the Ginseng crown so as to effectively isolate the root system.
Where to place the ficus after purchase
The small tree Mikrokarpa shows sensitivity to the place where it is placed, so before purchasing it you should choose a permanent place in advance and only then put a pot on it. Since we are talking about a small ficus, problems with a permanent place should not arise, and it is recommended to rearrange the pot no more than twice a year (for example, in summer you can take a tree to the balcony).
When buying, you should take into account that Moclame is likely to lose a few leaves due to stress, but you should not be afraid of it: he will gradually get used to a new habitat, and the leaves will end by itself.
Temperature and humidity
In summer, the best temperature indicators are from +25 to + 30C, and in winter - 16-20. Supercooling of the earth in a pot is unacceptable, because the sensitive root system of a tree can quickly die from cold. If for some reason the pot is placed on the floor, you should purchase a stand (preferably wooden) or simply fold the thick fabric in several layers. It also does not hurt wrapping the pot with a warm cloth.
Humidity, suitable for ficusovMoklam, ranges from 50-70 percent. In summertime, Moclame is sprayed with clean water at an acceptable temperature. Too cold water can not be used. Once a month in the summer it is recommended to arrange a little tree for a pleasant shower with a moderate water supply: this will not only refresh it, but also remove dust particles from the foliage and trunk.
As you know, almost all the ficus very sensitively react to changing places. They give the same reaction when there is a sharp change in lighting, and also if it is chosen poorly. The best option for Moklame is pleasant diffused light, and in the winter, when the day becomes short, it is often done by highlighting it with the help of a special fit lamp. It keeps on for seven to ten hours, but you shouldn’t worry about excessive energy consumption: the device is economical and will not cause serious financial damage to the ficus owner, and the tree will bring many benefits in the form of light needed during the autumn and winter days.
You can not put Moclame on the south side: the scorching sun will quickly destroy its foliage. Constant shading is also not an option, since a lack of light will provoke leaf fall, which will be very difficult to stop. Western or eastern windows - the best point in which there is always optimal and comfortable lighting.
Soil for planting ficus Moklamepono needed with a neutral level of acidity. A slightly acidic will do, and if you want to cook the soil mix with your own hands, you will need the following components:
- fine clean sand
- leaf earth or simply humus,
- charcoal and peat bog,
- drainage to the bottom of the pot (expanded clay + layer of sand on top).
All components are mixed in equal proportions and, as a rule, are purchased in flower shops. In the case when the soil is harvested in the forest, in the garden or on the summer cottage, it must be subject to prior disinfection, because it may contain pathogenic fungal spores and harmful insect larvae.
Ficus Moclame - home care
Ficus Moclame and care at home for him, subject to simple rules, is not particularly difficult. The tree does not contain allergic components like abundant milky juice, typical for large ficus. It is absolutely safe if there are small children, pets and birds in the house.
Practice shows that they are mostly indifferent to a small tropical culture with a minimal amount of foliage, but if someone nevertheless wants to taste it, nothing will happen to a living creature, and the leaves on the crown will grow quickly.
How to water the plant
Water the plant should be moderate, no more than two or three times a week. In the summer, three times will be enough - depending on how summer is issued. If it is rainy, there is no need to “pour in” the ficus, and in case of heat and stuffiness, besides irrigation, regular spraying will also be needed.
Whether water procedures are necessary for ficus Moclame - it is easy to determine by the condition of the top layer of earth in the pot. When it starts to dry out a bit (to a depth of two to three centimeters), the tree needs watering. In the autumn and winter season, the amount of water is reduced to a minimum.
An important point that inexperienced plant breeders often miss is that it is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the pot pallet and prevent stagnation of the liquid. Its surplus should be regularly drained, otherwise the root system will rot, which can often not be cured.
Do you need feed
From time to time, fertilization in small quantities will not be superfluous for Moklam. Usually purchased universal composition, and feeding is made in the spring. The rules of use are described in the instructions - there should be no difficulties.
In the summer, to make the foliage on the crown more luxuriant, it is allowed to apply a nitrogenous top dressing. Since autumn and winter, it is no longer possible to fertilize indoor plants, as they enter a dormant period to gain strength before next spring.
Cropping and crown formation
The crown of the ficus Moclame can be arranged as you like, depending on the preferences and skills of the owner. The shtamb is best made from it (the round cap of the leaves on the crown and the bare trunk), since it has a bit of foliage, and the trunk is already a ready “material” for the stem tree by itself. All pruning activities should be carried out in the spring, as the pruned branches will have time to get stronger by the summer.
The main feature of the Moklame variety is that the upper buds with intensive growth inhibit the development of lateral buds, and when, on the contrary, the lateral growth “leads”, the top grows slowly. If you want to get a shape similar to cypress or poplar, you shouldn’t carry out any global pruning because of the fact that the tree already looks like them. But when there is a goal to get a culture with a slender stem and more stringent forms, you will have to regularly prune the branches to the side: then Moklame will grow up. As it grows higher, you should gradually form a crown, symmetrically cutting branches on it. When the crown grows excessively, you can simply pinch its top.
Microcarp is ideal for creating a classic bonsai tree. To do this, cut off the main branch, wipe the juice at the cut, which should be sprinkled with finely crushed activated charcoal or wood ash. Lateral shoots will begin to grow, and when they are equal in length to the trimmed central branch, everything is cut to the same level, and the cut points, as always, are processed. After the procedure, the pot will need to be constantly turned to the light so that the different sides of the tree are evenly lit, and it grows symmetrically.
How often to change the soil and transplant the plant
It is recommended to replant Microcarp after purchase, as the soil in which it was kept in the store, most often does not meet the required soil characteristics. However, it is impossible to hurry with transplanting, since the tree is in a state of stress and may begin to drop leaves after moving to a new place. It is necessary to wait two weeks - and only after that replant the tree in a suitable land.
Another reason for transplantation is the excessive growth of the roots, which can even sprout through the drainage holes in the pot, or they are tightly rotated in the earthen room. The young plant is necessarily transplanted once a year, and when it turns four years old, the transplant is already carried out as needed.
Usually, an adult Moclame is transplanted once every three years, since the soil in the pot is gradually depleted and needs to be replaced with fresh, and the transplant itself is carried out by rolling over the tree from one pot to another, while preserving the root system in the earth coma. The optimal time for such an event is early spring.
As in the case of transplanting, it is best to propagate the ficus in springtime. The easiest way of reproduction is cutting. The formed shoots from 10 to 15 cm long are taken and cut off with a sharp garden shears in the angular direction. Juice released from the place of the slice, you need to wash off, so that there are no whitish spots on the trunk. Foliage and shoots in the lower part of the trunk are also subject to cutting.
Next, put the cutting in a suitable container (preferably if it is not transparent). The leaves should not touch the water, otherwise they will quickly rot, and for the purpose of disinfection a tablet of activated charcoal is added to the glass. The shoot must be in a warm place, in separated water, which must be changed periodically, as it becomes polluted.
After two or three weeks, you can expect the appearance of the first roots, and when they are strong enough, the cuttings are planted in a prepared container with soil. After the process grows a little, after three months it is planted in a more spacious pot.
Also rooting the shoot is allowed by planting in wet soil - without growing in a cup. After planting it should be covered with an improvised greenhouse in the form of a can or package. In order for the formation of roots to occur faster, it is recommended to add a means to stimulate their growth.
The small tree Moclame, despite its outward exoticism, perfectly stuck in our country in the form of a cozy indoor plant. With proper care, it will always please the owner with its beauty, and most importantly - does not take up much space.
Ficus care at home:
The origin of the plant
The homeland of Ficus Moclam is considered to be countries with a warm and humid climate: Australia, the Philippines, China, Japan and Taiwan. Today, growing this plant at home is common. It won great popularity for its ease of care and beauty, so it is actively used in interiors.
It grows in the form of a high compact bush, has bright green dense leaves. In this article we will tell you in detail about the nuances of caring for ficus "Moklam" at home.
In the photo ficus "Moklame":
Care after purchase
After the acquisition of the plant should determine for him a place in the apartment.
It must have reliable protection from drafts and direct sunlight.
Ficus feels much better in shady places.
You should not put the plant in places with dry air and high temperature (near batteries, heaters, etc.)
Humid air is very important for healthy growth of ficus.
Therefore, from the very first appearance of this plant in your house, do not forget to spray it.
This is a normal condition. Do not stop watering and spraying, and it will adapt soon.
If the pot in which the ficus was bought does not correspond to its size or is made of low-quality materials, it should be transplanted into a more comfortable pot.
Moklame needs regular watering.
Water for this procedure must meet the following requirements:
- room temperature or a little warmer
- separated by at least 12 hours.
In the spring and summer months you need to water the plant more actively, and in the autumn and winter - to reduce watering.
It is worth doing if the topsoil is dry to a depth of 3 cmThe earthen room is not dry, and water does not stagnate in the pan.
During flowering, Ficus Moklame produces syconia, small berries of a rich red color about 2 cm in diameter.It almost does not bloom at home, on this plant takes a lot of power. If you see that the condition of the plant has worsened after flowering, remove the syconia from it.
The shoots of this plant have great platonicity.therefore, it is easy to form.
To increase the power of the trunk should be repeatedly cut it. Along the way, a large number of leaves are pruned, which reduces the plant's need for moisture. To set the growth direction for the branches, use the wire. It is recommended to adjust the thickness of the branches until they reach the length 20 cm
To create branches on branches, cut them off. 5 cm tops.
Soil and soil
The soil for the ficus Moclame must have low acidity or be neutral. You can buy similar soil in specialized stores or cook it yourself.
For proper growth requires drainage. To do this, cover the bottom of the pot with expanded clay and pour a layer of sand on top, after which you can pour the soil.
Planting and transplanting
The annual transplant does not make sense, as the trunk of the ficus grows at a low speed. But the land is worth updating every year. For each transplant, take a pot 5 cm in diameter larger than the previous one.
It should have holes in the bottom for the flow of water. Transfer the plant to a new container with the old lump of earth, but the pot itself should be filled with new soil.
Ficus Moclame breeds by cutting in the spring months. To breed a plant, cut off the apical stalk length of 10-15 cmwhich has 3 pairs of healthy leaves. Treat the cut with the root and place it in a container with soil. The container should stand in the light, but it is advisable to avoid direct sunlight, as the plant can get burned.
After the roots appear, cut all the leaves, except for 2 upper, and after 2 weeks to fertilize the plant. After 3 months, transplant into a pot with a diameter of 10 cm.
Benefit and harm
Ficus Moclame has a number of valuable medicinal properties.
Tinctures and decoctions of this plant will help with radiculitis and arthritis, as well as mastopathy. It also has a disinfecting property and cleans the air from harmful impurities such as benzene, phenol, etc. Ficus has a positive effect on the energy of a house or apartment.
It reduces anxiety, anger and feelings, creates a calm and friendly atmosphere.
Moklame is a harmless form of ficus. However, allergy sufferers should treat it carefully.
Root rot or dark spots on the leaves appear due to excessive watering of the plant and stagnation of water in the pot.
- Spider mite
- White fly
From all these pests get rid of with warm water. (40-45 degrees) and spraying with an insecticide solution.
Ficus moklame - very beautiful and unpretentious plant. It will perfectly fit into every interior and will take root in every home, if you properly care for it and prevent the development of diseases or parasites.
Description and photo home flower
The tree comes from the East, but it takes root in most countries in temperate, tropical and subtropical geographic zones. The main difference from other ficus relatives is the presence of aerial roots, more round leaves. The bark of the tree is gray, slightly textured. The leaves are oval, green, solid and glossy.
It is a popular choice for home and office, like the other rubber plants. The reason for this - the brevity of appearance, ease of care. However, the microcarp has another trump card in the sleeve - this tree is used as bonsai, which makes it at the same time an interesting interior solution, a pet and an exclusive gift.
How to choose a ficus in the store
The ideal time to buy a plant is spring. Most likely, after the acquisition, the ficus will need to be transplanted, and the earlier the transplant, the stronger Moklame will be before the onset of the first cold weather.
When choosing a ficus in the store, pay attention to the condition of the plant. The flower must be healthy and well maintained. Leaves will help to define it. The presence of stains, twisted leaves, bald areas of the tree suggests that care was not sufficient.
If the flower is poured and root rotting has gone, it will be extremely difficult to withdraw the plant.Also pay attention to the presence of pests. Turn the leaves and inspect their back side. The presence of parasites is not fatal, but if you bring an infected plant into the house, your home flowers may soon suffer. Ideally, the ficus should match its description. Any deviations indicate a failure and are a reason to think twice before buying.
Ficus Moclame: home care
The plant is not only easy to care and pretty, but also safe. It cleans the air, suitable for allergies and completely non-toxic. Even if you have pets, do not worry about potentially gnawing leaves.
Firstly, this ficus leaves most animals indifferent. Secondly, nothing will happen to a pet after such a gastronomic experiment.
Possible pests and ficus diseases
Moklame is resistant to diseases and parasites, but not immortal. If you follow the simple rules of care, ficus does not bring trouble. Plant condition may deteriorate after or during flowering. In this case, the berries should be removed.
Symptoms and their causes:
- gray spots on the leaves - excessive watering and, as a result, root decay,
- leaf fall - insufficient watering or stress after moving,
- curling leaves - sunburn.
As for pests, the list of parasites is very classic: aphid, scab, and mealybug.
Description of ficus mikrokarpy
In nature, it can grow up to 20-25 meters in height. When grown in indoor conditions, it rarely grows higher than 2-3 meters. As a rule, in natural conditions this plant is an epiphyte (it grows on another tree).
Solid smooth short branch leaves have a wide oval-lanceolate shape with curved tips. On examination, it may appear that the leaves are waxed. Green or dark green foliage and brown bark. In nature, it produces rather small fruits of a yellowish color, but as they mature they turn into burgundy. He does not like the scorching direct rays of the sun, and he is also adversely affected by low humidity.
Care for ficus mikkarpa at home
This miniature ornamental tree, which prefers high humidity and negatively reacting to drafts and sudden changes in temperature, can be grown in an apartment under certain conditions.
Do not be afraid if after buying or moving to another residence, the plant will fly around all the leaves. This is his natural reaction. Thus, the ficus is trying to acclimatize, while retaining as much as possible. After a few weeks everything will come back to normal. At this time, it should definitely be placed in a place with high humidity and spray the tree should be, as often as possible. Under such conditions, the new foliage will begin to grow after about a month.
You need moderate lighting, as well as mandatory shading from the direct rays of the sun. It grows well in the depths of the room in partial shade. It should not be often rearranged from one place to another. The fact is that the ficus can respond to this by dropping leaves. To at least partially avoid this, you can use the biostimulator Epin. His solution is moistened foliage.
For this tree, it is not the temperature that is most important, but the absence of an abrupt change in temperature (a difference of 5–7 degrees), as well as a draft. Most suitable temperature from 16 to 23 degrees. At temperatures above 25 degrees, the soil can quickly dry out and the humidity in the room drops significantly. In this case, the plant needs frequent and regular moistening of the foliage with a sprayer. Experienced growers are advised to purchase a humidifier. Dried water is poured into it, and the device should work for at least 10–12 hours, otherwise the foliage will fly around the plant. Reset foliage can occur in the event that the room will always be too cool.
Ficus microcarp needs high humidity all year round. To increase the humidity on hot days, spray leaves 1 or 2 times a day. The same should be done during the winter period, when you yourself can not regulate the temperature in the room. It is necessary to spray leaflets, but not the trunk. And they are recommended to wipe with a soft cloth moistened with clean water.
Replant the plant infrequently, namely, 1 time in 3 years. The fact is that this plant reacts negatively to the transplant, and if its root system is damaged, then all the leaves can fly around. And the fact is that the trunk grows extremely slowly. During the transplantation, it is possible to either completely or partially replace the substrate with a new one. It is necessary to take with this pot, which in diameter will be a couple of centimeters more than the previous one. At the bottom you should definitely make a good drainage layer, which should consist of expanded clay mixed with charcoal. The earth needs loose water and breathable.
Needs regular fertilizers in spring and summer 1 time in 2 weeks. To do this, use organic and mineral fertilizers for ficuses (palm trees). And you can take a special fertilizer for bonsai. Fertilize before watering. Fertilizer can be dissolved in water for irrigation or for spraying the foliage of a plant. In winter, fertilizer should not be applied to the soil.
To form a lush crown, the tree should be systematically pruned throughout the year. In young plants, the trunk is necessarily trimmed to increase its thickness and thickness.
Can be propagated by cutting. For the cutting, it is necessary to cut off the top of the shoot and put it into the water for rooting. At the same time for pruning on the stalk it is necessary to select strong stems, which have fully developed fibers. Roots can be seen after 2 or 3 weeks. Then the plant is transplanted into the soil. It must be transplanted annually before it reaches the age of three or four. Then this procedure is carried out 1 time in 3 years.
Pests and diseases
A tree grown in indoor conditions is fairly resistant to diseases and pests. However, in case of impairment of care, it may be inhabited by an aphid, shieldcat, or mealybug. And as a result of this, the leaves become faded, begin to turn black, blackish specks may form on them, or they fly around.
- It darkens the foliage and they form grayish spots - stagnation of moisture in the soil, resulting in rotting of the root system. The reason may be the remaining water in the pan.
- Twisted Dark Leaves - burns from the direct rays of the sun.
- Frequent abscission of all foliage - low humidity and poor watering. And another reason could be: drafts, moving, frequent rearrangement of a plant to new places, sudden changes in temperature, watering with cold water, lack of light.
- Spider mite settled on a tree - due to the dry air in the room. Harmful insects should be washed off with a moistened sponge, while it can be wetted in clean water or soapy water, into which alcohol should be poured (1 liter spoon of spirit). It is necessary to change the soil.
The homeland of this ficus is East Asia. It is distinguished from other varieties by the presence of powerful aerial roots, which form fancy weaves. Thanks to this unusual form of the ficus Moklame stem, it is very easy to grow spectacular bonsai. Actually the name “microcarp” translated from Latin means “small fruit”. In addition to the aerial roots, the rounded dark green glossy leaves are of decorative value.
In the wild, Ficus Moclam, whose photo can be seen on this page, grows very tall and spreading. The apartment is too big, he usually does not happen. Above one and a half meters, this ficus never grows in room conditions.
How to choose a place
In relation to the microclimate Ficus Mikrokarpa, as already mentioned, the plant is relatively unpretentious. You can put it almost anywhere in the room. In this case, it is important to observe only two conditions. First, the plant should not fall into direct sunlight. But at the same time and in the darkest corner it should not be put. Quite a bright, diffused light - this is what is best suited ficus Mikrokarpa.
The second condition for the good development of this plant is the absence of a draft. Putting it on a blown place is not worth it. Otherwise it will constantly hurt. Ficus purchased at the store should be immediately located in a permanent place. This type of variety does not like changing the situation (it can drop leaves).
Preparing for a transplant
Immediately, it is not necessary to transfer the acquired plant to a new pot. Perform this procedure usually only after 3-4 months. Ficus Moklame loves nutritious and light soil. In the pot without fail, a good drainage is arranged. Stagnant water this plant does not tolerate. As a drainage is best to use expanded clay. If you can’t find this material, you can replace it with a broken red brick. Clay, like expanded clay, not bad absorbs excess moisture.
What is suitable soil
On top of the drainage in the pot under this plant is best to pour the store purchased in the store, designed specifically for ficus. You can also buy a universal soil mix for indoor ornamental plants. Sometimes the soil for the ficus Microcarp and do their own. To do this, take in equal parts:
For young ficus usually use looser primer. In this case, the mixture also consists of peat, sand and leafy ground. Dense turf soil is not added to it.
How to transplant
Young ficuses should be transferred to new pots annually. They grow and develop usually pretty quickly. The new container for the ficus each time should be 4-5 cm in diameter more than the old one. Adult plants are replanted about once every two to three years. In fact, the procedure itself is produced in the usual way: the earth is poured into the pot for a third, the plant is established and the roots are covered with the remaining soil. The only thing in the case of transplant of Ficus Microcarp is to be sure that most of its air roots remain on the surface.
How to moisten the soil in the pot and spray
When caring for a plant such as ficus Mikrokarp Moklam, home care, it is important to adhere to the proper watering technique. Too often, the soil under it should not be moistened. When overflowing, ficus begins to rot in the roots, and black spots appear on the bark and leaves.
As a result, the leaves fall off and the plant dies. On the first day after the purchase in the store Ficus Microcarp is not watered at all. On the second day with a finger check the condition of the earth. If it has dried out deeper than 1.5-2 cm, the ficus should be watered. In the future, you need to do the same. That is, just make sure that the soil in the pot does not dry out deeper than 2 cm. For an adult ficus, this figure is 3-4 cm.
Of course, watering this plant with water from the tap is not worth it. Otherwise, bleach can simply destroy the ficus Moclame. Care at home for this plant involves the use for irrigation exclusively distilled water at room temperature. Moisturize the soil under the ficus is usually just a method under the root. But once in 2-3 weeks you can arrange a warm shower for the plant. Water drained into the pan after watering, be sure to drain.
This ficus does not like too dry air. Therefore, it is desirable to spray it from time to time. In any case, in winter, the battery next to this plant should be covered with a damp cloth.
How to feed
Fertilizing under the ficus Moklam in the warm season should be quite often. Usually this plant is fed once every 10 days. In the summer it is recommended to use nitrogenous fertilizers. In the spring and autumn, they usually use self-prepared top dressing, which is a mixture of nettle broth and ash. Some lovers of indoor plants believe that it is useful to fertilize the ficuses with broth or milk. However, this opinion is, of course, erroneous. In fact, such dressing will simply lead to soil rot.
How to make bonsai
Ficus Moclame is appreciated, as already mentioned, including for the unusual shape of the “trunk”. This plant is one of the few that is very easy to make bonsai. To do this, the ficus is first grown to the required size of the "trunk", periodically replanting it into new containers. Then his crown is cut off completely. The remaining aerial roots are transferred to a small bowl. After some time, the plant will release new branches. In the subsequent ficus must be periodically cut. The easiest form of the "trunk" is the easiest way to give the garter.
Received bonsai, unlike ordinary ficus, cannot be transplanted into a larger container. In this case, do a little differently. The ficus is pulled out of the bowl in which it grows, along with a clod of earth, and cut the latter around the perimeter by 1 cm. Next, the plant is placed in the same container. The resulting empty space is filled with new soil.
Ficus Moclame: growing from cuttings
To multiply this plant if desired will be completely easy. Most often, a simple cutting method is used for breeding moss ficus. In order to get a few new ones from the mother plant, you need:
cut off the shoots with a sharp knife and place them in a glass with settled water,
After 2-3 weeks (when the roots will appear) transfer the stalks to the pots with the ground.
For breeding it is best to take strong shoots with fully developed fibers.
How to treat diseases
Ficus Moclame is relatively resistant to all kinds of infections. However, sometimes this plant, of course, still gets sick. Most often, the ficus Microcarp becomes infected with powdery mildew. At the same time, a characteristic white bloom appears on its leaves. When you try to clean it off, it easily goes away and crumbles. In order to cure the plant from powdery mildew, it needs to be treated with some fungicide. Also, remove all infected leaves from it.
From time to time ficuses Moklame and root rot. This bacterial infection is most often the result of over-irrigation. In order to help the plant, you need to cut off all the affected roots and replace the ground in a pot.
Very often, lovers of indoor flowers that grow ficus Moclam, face such a problem as dropping leaves. Such trouble usually occurs due to stress. As a rule, in the event that the plant was moved to another place. If the leaves turn yellow before falling off, it means that the ficus does not have enough water. The fall of the green plates, on the contrary, speaks of its excess.
Of course, like any other indoor plant, the ficus Microcarp can also suffer from attacks of various insects and arthropods. Most often, its owners have to deal with spider mites or aphids. Also sometimes this plant is affected by the shield. In the latter case, it is necessary to use a purchase insecticide for indoor plants, acting according to the instructions. Aphids and mites can be expelled using folk remedies. For example, from these two pests well helps the usual soap solution. It is also possible to simply spray the ficus with dichlorvos diluted with water (in low concentration). Very good against these pests and helps Bordeaux liquid.
As you can see, the ficus Moclame, the care of which is not complicated, is a plant really quite unpretentious. No wonder it is called a flower for the lazy. But, of course, watering and fertilizing this ficus should not be forgotten in any case. For the same, in order to get beautiful bonsai from Moklame, the plant needs to be simply transferred to a small bowl and cut from time to time.
Description of the flower with a photo
In nature, ficus mikrokarpa can be found in some provinces of China, in Taiwan, in Indonesia and Australia. In its growth form, this plant belongs to epiphytic species, forms many aerial roots. Under natural conditions, the tree grows up to 25 meters in height, at home you can count on a half-meter specimen.
The leaves of this variety are up to 10 cm in length and up to 5 cm in width, their size becomes maximal in an adult plant, and before that the leaves are smaller. The surface of each leaf is shiny, glossy, the tip is pointed. On the branches the leaves sit on short petioles, their arrangement is alternate.
As it grows, the upper part of the root system rises above the soil and can look very decorative, forming weaves and bends. This is what allows you to grow this type of ficus in the form of bonsai. Often this plant is sold grown just in this technique.
Just bought a ficus, what to do?
Ficus macrocarp is capricious in some aspects and you should be aware of this. For example, he does not like permutations, so he immediately needs to choose a permanent place and try to disturb the plant less in the future. Even this flower does not like drafts, bright sunshine and dry air, it needs proper care.
- Place the purchased plant away from the heaters. It is best suited to him windows with a western, north-western and northern location. Если приобретенное растение имеет вариегатную, то есть пестролистную форму – света фикусу необходимо больше. Такие сорта лучше ставить на восточные и юго-восточные окна.
- In the first days at the new place it is necessary to especially monitor the humidity of the air near the plant. The pot can be put on a tray with wet pebbles, and the leaves themselves spray 2-3 times a day. It is also necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out; moisten the ground with small portions of water every few days.
- After 2 weeks, when the ficus will adapt, it is recommended to transplant it into a new container. At the same time, you can check the status of the root system, because it is not known how long it took to transport the plant, and how many days it spent in the store.
Useful advice: to increase the humidity in the room will help household humidifier - this is an affordable device that does not require special maintenance, but makes life much easier for indoor plants.
Description of ficus Moclam
Moklame came to the territory of the CIS from distant Australia, China, Japan and Taiwan. There, different varieties of this ficus grow in a rather humid, warm climate, therefore, in room conditions it is necessary to maintain similar conditions.
Moklame is a shrub. It grows rather compact, tending upward, rather than expanding in breadth. Due to this property, the plant will look good in small apartments, where there is no place for large pots.
The stem of the ficus is thin, but rather dense. At the beginning of growth, it is covered with a hard greenish skin, from which a gray-brown bark forms over time. The branches remain green.
The leaves are bright, glossy. They are painted in different shades of green: from grayish to emerald. The vein on the sheet plate is almost invisible.
This subspecies of ficuses is extremely resistant to pests. Most of the local insects, such as aphids or spider claws, he is absolutely not afraid.
Ficus Moclame home care
Like many other exotic houseplants, Ficus Moclame requires special, but not too complicated care. Without proper watering, timely fertilization and cutting the plant will die quickly. For this type of shrubs there are averaged rules of care, but some of the nuances of the gardener will need to be decided depending on the health status and age of his shrub, as well as the microclimate in the apartment.
Optimal conditions for growing in the house
Each apartment has its own microclimate and many plants adapt to it, however, we should not forget about their needs so that the flowers can live and develop normally.
Ficus microcarp is considered a shade-tolerant culture. He can feel well both in bright ambient light and in partial shade. As the tree grows, it no longer fits on the windowsill and can be kept on the floor near the window.
If the plant lacks light (this can be seen from the more faded color of the leaves), it will be necessary to organize the backlight. The best fitolamp is best for these purposes, its emission spectrum is ideal for all plants. You can do with a conventional fluorescent lamp.
Care for ficus bonsai at home
Of course, in the East, ficus bonsai are not grown, choosing conifers and various shrubs for this art form. Strictly speaking, ficus bonsai is called a pseudo-bonsai, since it uses accelerated technologies to create, and real bonsai grow for decades and it is very expensive, since it is a “piece” product.
But, is it worth it to go into such subtleties of an ordinary florist, if bonsai grown from ficus looks just as good? Independently grow such a tree from scratch in just two years. To do this, you do not need to invent anything, everyone has already come up with many centuries ago in the East.
For bonsai there are various styles. The tree can be formed in the form of a curved vertical, with a slope, a forked trunk, using other options. The advantage of the type of macrocarp is the rapid growth of ficus and its endurance. At home, this plant grows from randomly sown seeds, even in the crevices of rocks or appears from cracks in the asphalt.
If the ficus mikkarpa you purchased is grown using bonsai technique, it needs special care. Culture bonsai does not tolerate haste, hustle and excess. After all, this tree is in miniature, which means that all actions must be carefully verified.
Since the bonsai is planted in a wide, but shallow dish, such a plant requires a special irrigation scheme. A large surface area of the soil evaporates water faster. At the same time, with abundant watering, the water simply has no place to go, since the layer of earth in the container is not very large.
Important! Water the tree should be often, but little by little. Check the soil before watering. It should dry 2-3 cm deep.
Excess water accumulated after watering in the pan must be drained. Water is recommended to pre-defend, you can use rain or thawed water - it is softer. Water temperature for irrigation should be at room temperature or slightly warmer; from a cold plant, it can shed all leaves.
Soil, fertilizer, fertilizing
The soil for a ficus of a mikkarp should be light and nutritious, have good moisture and air permeability, with neutral or moderate acidity. You can buy a special soil for ficuses, or make up a soil mix yourself.
Use to compose the substrate:
- 2 pieces of turf land,
- 2 pieces of hardwood,
- 1 part peat,
- 1 part of sand,
- some charcoal.
The first 2 months after transplanting the plant can not be fertilized. Top dressing is carried out in the period of active vegetation of ficus - from March to October. If your plant is grown using bonsai technique, you should buy special fertilizers for it.
Fertilizer is diluted in water and fertilize after irrigation, so as not to burn the roots. Microcarp very responsive to foliar feeding. Fertilizer is bred for them at half the concentration and sprayed with foliage.
How to transplant ficus
Ficus microcarp does not tolerate transplantation and is very sensitive to root damage, therefore, it is necessary to replant it as little as possible. Experts recommend doing it 1 time in 2-3 years. To restrain the growth of bonsai plants specifically planted in shallow containers. The purpose of transplanting is to replace depleted soil and reduce the number of growing roots.
Act as follows:
- It is necessary to prepare a new pot, which should be 2-3 cm wider and slightly higher than the previous one.
- The drainage hole is covered with plastic mesh and coarse sand is poured.
- On top of the drainage layer poured 1/3 of the prepared soil.
- The bonsai is taken out of the old container, gently shook the ground from the roots, washed in warm water and slightly shortened with sharp scissors.
- Wound on the roots must be treated with charcoal. Thin threadlike roots are removed completely.
- Having prepared the plant, it is set on the ground and covered with earth on top so that the upper third of the roots remains above the surface. If necessary, the rhizomes are pre-intertwined with each other, if this requires a planned style.
- The final stage is the compaction of the soil, watering and laying over the ground of sphagnum moss.
Diseases and pests
Ficus disease, as in the case of other plants, can be triggered by improper care or poor conditions. Pests are often moved from neighboring flowers, especially in crowded conditions, dry air and high temperatures.
Most often on ficus parasitic aphid and spider mite. Their traces can be seen on the leaves in the form of the appearance of small black dots or a thin web at the base of the branches. You can often see the pests themselves, they hide on the underside of the leaves.
As an emergency measure, it is necessary to treat the above-ground part of the ficus with soapy water; you can simply try to wash the pests away from the crown under the shower. After that, it is advisable to transplant the plant into fresh ground, after having disinfected the pot. If this does not help, be sure to spray the tree with insecticides, they act quickly and efficiently.
Dark or whitish spots may appear from over-irrigation on aerial roots. This suggests the spread of fungal diseases that cause rot. In this case, cut out all the damaged places, process ficus with fungicides and stop actively watering.
An unexpected fall of the leaves, when the leaves leave the tree green, may be the result of staying in a draft or in a too cold room. Create a ficus comfortable conditions and leaves will grow again. If the foliage is stained, it speaks of rotting roots. The plant will have to be removed from the pot, inspect the roots, remove all suspicious areas and plant in fresh ground.
Why leaves turn yellow and fall
When the leaves fall off not suddenly, but after pre-yellowing - the reason for poor watering. Some growers are afraid to pour the plant and fall into another extreme, allowing overdrying. We must not forget that any extremes are harmful to the plant. Watering should be regular, but neat.