Gimenokallis (imenmena) belongs to those plants whose flowers have an unusual eye-catching shape. At the base of the flower is a small cup, around which there are six narrow petals. The plant is quite diverse and is found in many regions of the world. In some nations, the flower was called the “spiderweb lily” because of its similarity to the shape of a narcissus or lily.
What does Gimenokallis look like
Large white flowers with a bright aroma crowned with a fairly large stem. Flower petals are arranged in the form of a cup, in the center of which there are stamens. As a rule, the flowering period begins only at the end of summer or early autumn, when large inflorescences of six to eight large flowers grow on the plant. Only the stamen calyx can have a size in the diameter of about six centimeters.
The blossoming inflorescence is located on a large long stalk, at a height of sixty centimeters.
The leaves, long with a pointed end, resembling a knight's sword, are green with a grayish tinge. At the end of the summer period, the leaves begin to fade, if before that there was a long dry period. Like the flower itself, the seeds are quite large in size and may have a different shape depending on the variety. Ripened seed is enough to fall into the ground to rise and grow into a mature plant. The only condition is a constant soil moistening and then the first shoots will appear from the ground in 3-4 months. Often use a mixture of different varieties with different period of germination to get the first flowers in a month after planting.
If you are interested in the flower Gimenokallis, cultivation in the garden can be carried out very simply if you follow our advice.
How to care for a flower
The plant feels best in the open ground in the most lighted areas. Some are trying to grow Gimenokallis at home, but then a great care will be to provide constant light to the flower. For home or outdoor cultivation is necessary to properly prepare the soil. It is necessary to take two parts of peat and combine with one part of loam, add as much sand and a little manure. The better the constant humidity is ensured, the longer the plant will delight in its flowering.
An additional condition for the care of Himenokallis is its periodic feeding during the vegetative period, which lasts from spring until late autumn. In this case, it is recommended to use a balanced fertilizer.
If the flower is grown in containers, then in the winter, they need additional light with abundant watering. It is recommended to dig up garden plants for the winter period with a radical layer of soil and to clean up in a dark room. Leaves in this case are cut off.
Each species of this plant has its own characteristics: some do not shed their leaves for the winter, others may well grow in partial shade, and still others feel well in the marshland.
How to grow Gimenokallis
The main method of breeding bush lilies - small bulbs that grow from large. Especially carefully you should choose the bulbs for sowing in order to get a beautiful mature plant. Often the culture is exposed to pests or fungus, which affects its bulbs.
The method of growing this flower from seeds, which are planted in a specially prepared substrate to a depth of about 8 cm, is quite effective. After three to four months, the first shoots appear, if it was possible to ensure air temperature of at least twenty degrees and constant watering during this period. Further sprouts continue to grow well from spring to autumn, if you apply periodically fertilizer.
For effective and beautiful flowering, Gimenokallis should feel a certain stiffness, so the pots should be selected small.
Some gardeners are quite effective in getting young flowers by dividing the bulbs of an adult plant.
Most popular varieties
1. A bright memorable aroma exudes a variety of Hymenocallis Festalis, which is a hybrid of perennial. This flower blooms in the midst of summer - from late June to early July. Bulbs overwinter in the ground, completely getting rid of the ground part during the period of cold weather. The peculiarity of the variety is unusual for the flower narrow and curved leaves, and the peduncle can reach a height of one meter. The flowers of Gimenokallis Festalis are pure white with an orange boot and bright aroma.
2. The homeland of Gimenokallis Festalis White is the tropical and subtropical regions of the southern American continent. The plant feels great in the temperature range from ten to twenty-five degrees above zero. For the flower requires soil consisting of two parts of peat and one part of humus. Under comfortable conditions, this variety can produce a peduncle, reaching a height of one meter. Most often the plant blooms with white flowers, and the size of the bulb can reach ten centimeters in diameter.
3. Kind of Caribbean - a bright representative of the most common Gimenokallis, both in the garden plots and in the home flower garden. Often it can be found in city parks and other public places as a beautiful flowering plant. The species is quite extensive and includes many varieties that differ from each other in size, flowering period and flowers.
As a rule, large leaves have a yellow color from pale lemon to bright orange. The inflorescence consists of twelve white flowers. This species is unpretentious and grows throughout the year, but can sometimes become covered with white rust. The only cure is to remove damaged foliage. It may bloom even several times in one year, but the plant is very demanding for watering and lighting. The flower looks spectacular at the moment of closing the flowers into buds, which happens every evening at the same time. For good conditions, this species requires good drainage.
Why Gimenokallis may not bloom
There are cases when flower growers complain that the plant grows well, but does not bloom. In fact, there are several reasons for this behavior of Hymenocallis, removing which you can resume flowering.
First of all, the flower can simply get tired, that is, there is no resting period for a certain time. Secondly, flowering may not be due to lack of light. The third reason may be lowered temperature in the room, and finally, the last reason for the lack of flowers - the plant did not receive additional feeding.
Finally I want to say that with the plant Gimenokallis should be cautious to those who suffer from allergic reactions. They are simply forbidden to touch the flowers of this plant, and even more so to taste them. Even the flower bulbs are poisonous, which, when ingested, cause a gag reflex, diarrhea and nausea.
Growing hymenocallis in a pot
When growing hymenocallis in a pot in a room, it is necessary to follow some recommendations of experienced gardeners:
- In October - November, the number of irrigations should be gradually reduced, preparing the plant for a rest period, which will last about 3 months.
- After dropping the foliage in the autumn, it is recommended to immediately transfer the flower to a cool, dark room with a temperature of 10 to 12 degrees and leave it there without watering until the end of February.
- In the last week of February, hymenocallis is returned to a warm, bright room again and begins to be watered with minimal volumes, gradually bringing to normal, the formation of leaf mass will begin in about a month.
Growing hymenocallis in open ground
Before planting hymenocallis bulbs into open ground, let them germinate. This will require landing boxes or individual pots (small plastic cups can be used) with drainage holes and a ground mixture consisting of peat and wooden shavings. The bulbs are placed in prepared containers with soil to a depth of about 5 cm for approximately 15-20 days. Favorable temperature - no more than 15 degrees Celsius.
Germinated bulbs are recommended to be planted on flower beds in early May, when warm weather is established and the soil warms up well. The plot should be chosen sunny, with the longest lighting during the day.
It is necessary to control the volumes of irrigation water, since a lack of moisture in the soil will lead to a delay in flowering, and an overabundance will lead to rotting of the root part of the plant. You can dig small grooves next to the flowers and watering them.
Mineral dressing is carried out during the growing season in an amount of 3-4 times. But humus and manure as a fertilizer is undesirable, as it can harm the plant.
Location and lighting
Lighting is of great importance for the development of hymenocallis, so it should be bright, rich and long. A sill located on the south side of the house is best suited for this. In summer, the plant will feel favorably in the open air (in the front garden or on the balcony), and in the autumn and winter period additional lighting should be used. Fluorescent lamps will be able to compensate for the lack of lighting in short light days.
During the growing season, hymenocallis is grown at a temperature of 18 to 21 degrees Celsius, and after flowering it is necessary to create cooler temperature conditions for the plant (from 5 to 15 degrees Celsius). Planting material should be stored at 9-10 degrees above zero.
For hymenocallis irrigation, only distilled water should be used and the next watering should be carried out only after a slight drying of the top layer of the soil mixture in the pot with the plant. Do not allow the earthen clod to dry out, because it will affect the decorative qualities of the plant. The leaves will lose softness and begin to fade.
Watering should be carried out regularly, but in moderate amounts, and after the end of flowering it is recommended to reduce them twice.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
During the period of active growth and development of indoor hymenocallis, it is recommended to apply additional feedings every 7-10 days, and during the rest period - one additional feeding per month is sufficient.
Transplantation of hymenocallis is carried out only during the rest period of the indoor flower, that is, during the autumn-winter months. The plant should be plentifully watered, give time to soak the soil water and carefully remove the flower from the pot. Remove the bulb from the soil, inspect and, if necessary, cut off the rotted parts, and treat the cut sites with activated carbon.
New capacity should be one size larger than the previous one. The bottom is covered with expanded clay, and then filled with a loose and nutritious substrate.
Diseases and pests
Diseases of this indoor flower most often occur due to improper care. This may be a lack or excess of moisture, fertilizer, lighting, and the wrong temperature conditions.
Anthracnose is a disease that occurs at elevated air temperatures in the room and excessive humidity. Black spots and small brown spots are formed on the leaf part. It is necessary to remove all diseased leaves, bring the temperature conditions back to normal, reduce the volume of irrigation water and reduce the frequency of irrigation, and also treat the flower with a fungicide.
Staganospore - appears on the plant in the form of reddish spots and spots on the leaves. It is necessary to spray using a foundation (approximately 4-5 grams per 2 liters of water).
Difficulties in growing hymenocallis
- With the appearance of yellow blotches on the leaves, it is necessary to reduce the lighting, if possible - to rearrange the plant to another place.
- When wilting and pallor of the leaf part of the plant, you need to increase the amount of irrigation water during irrigation and increase the humidity of the air.
Gimenokallis will delight delicate flowering and pleasant aroma only when creating favorable conditions for it.
Popular types of hymenocallis
Hymenocallis Caribbean (Hymenocallis caribaea) - bulbous culture with large inflorescences of 6-12 flowers. The period of active flowering is the winter months.
Himenocallis coastal (Hymenocallis littoralis) - A plant with straight flower stalks and flowers, very similar to daffodils. It differs from other types of leaves of an unusual shade - dark green with wide gray stripes.
Hymenocallis pleasant (Hymenocallis festalis) - culture with large emerald green leaves (an average of 7 cm wide and about 40 cm in length). Flowering occurs twice a year - in the middle of summer and early autumn.
Hymenocallis broadleaf (Hymenocallis latifolia) - bulbous herb with delicate flowers, reaches a height of almost 1 meter. Broad leaves have a pleasant dark emerald shade.
Gimenokallis is an incredibly beautiful herb belonging to the Amarilis genus. Its homeland is considered to be Central and South America, India and Africa. In the wild, it is most often found on the banks of rivers and lakes. In culture grown in open ground and at home. The bulb of the plant is rather large and resembles the shape of a pear; it is covered with dry, shiny scales. In mature hymenocallis, the tuber reaches 10 cm in diameter. The leaves are narrow, xiphoid form going into a thick fan at the base of the bulb. In length can reach 80-100 cm. The color of the leaves can be bright green, dark green and gray-green.
There are both evergreen species and those that shed their foliage. A distinctive feature of this plant is its unusual, incredibly decorative inflorescences, which crown a tall leafless fleshy flowering arrow. Around the umbrella core of the bud there are 6 narrow, long petals, their maximum length is 25 cm. After flowering, oval-shaped seeds appear, covered with a soft shell.
How to grow a plant
Reproduction of hymenocallis is possible in two ways, by germinating seeds and dividing the bulbs.
Seeds of hymenocallis are grown rather difficult and long, so that they germinate, they need to provide proper care. Planting material slowly sprouts, the process can take from 2 weeks to several months. Preference should be given to the soil with a high content of sand and peat. Seedlings need to be watered regularly, preventing the soil from drying out, and also to protect from the scorching sun to avoid burns on young shoots.
Bulb reproduction is considered a more convenient and simple way. When the plant reaches 4-5 years old, children form on the tuber to separate them, the plant is very carefully dug up, with small care removed small onion and immediately planted into the ground. The soil for growing an exotic flower should be loose; good drainage should also be provided.
Gimenokallis belongs to unpretentious plants, so taking care of him at home will not be difficult. Adhering to simple rules, you can easily find an unusual, attractive plant in your home.
The best place to grow hymenocallis in a pot will be a sunny window on the south side. The plant is very fond of light, but at the same time calmly refers to a light short shading, so if it is not possible to provide a flower for the southern window sill, eastern and western will also do.
Air humidity and temperature
In nature, the plant is found on the banks of reservoirs, humidity plays an important role for its comfort. If the air in the room is too dry, you should take care of its moistening and put containers with water near the flower pot. During the growing season it will not be superfluous to sprinkle the leaves every day with separated water, but to avoid its contact with the buds. In summer, the ideal comfort temperature for an exotic flower is 22-24 ° C.
Bulbous perennial needs constant soil moistening, if you miss the moment and the ground dries, it can turn into a drying foliage. Just do not confuse regular watering with abundant, excessive moisture is detrimental to bulbous, as it causes rotting of the tuber.
During the growing season, the flowers are fed with complex mineral fertilizers once a week, this is necessary for the flowering to be lush and long. Do not forget about hymenocallis and in the period of rest, although at this time feeding is made no more than once a month.
Ripe onions are repotted every 3-4 years. It is best to do it during the rest period, then the process will be completely painless. In order to provide abundant flowering, small pots should be preferred. The fact is that in the cramped grassy perennial produces more buds.
Features care in the garden
Gimenokallis is perfect for growing in the garden. It is necessary to take into account the fact that before planting the bulbs it is necessary to germinate, and only after that move them to the ground. Для этого используют специальные ящики для рассады, обычные керамические или пластиковые горшки, главное, чтобы в такой емкости было отверстия для стока лишней воды. Затем тару наполняют древесными опилками и торфом и помещают луковицу на глубину 5-7 см. Затем ее оставляют прорастать на 2-3 недели при температуре не выше 15°С.At the end of May, when the earth is already warm enough, you can repot the onion in open ground. Further care is not much different from home. Regular watering and mineral supplements should be ensured. At the end of the growing season, the bulbs are dug and stored in a dark, cool place until the next season.
What does hymenocallis look like and where does it come from?
Gimenokallis, a plant with fancy snow-white flowers resembling lilies with very thin petals, belongs to the Amaryllis family. The genus includes more than 60 species of herbaceous bulbous perennials living in the southeastern United States, in Mexico, on the islands of the Caribbean, and in the northern part of South America. Some species live in humid areas, preferring swamps and coasts. Others, on the contrary, grow on the grassy slopes of hills and mountains.
Peduncles grow from rosettes formed by long, belt-shaped leaves with a pointed tip. Their surface is glossy, painted in a bright green tone.
The name of the genus Hymenocallis is derived from the Greek words ὑμήν, which means “membrane”, and καλός - “beautiful”.
The flowers have a very unusual shape. They consist of six narrow, strongly curved back petals attached to a shallow “bowl”. Stamens very large, anthers saffron or bright orange. Characteristic pronounced pleasant aroma, many associated with vanilla.
Because of the thin petals, the shape of which resembles spider legs, hymenocallis is called "spider lily"
Due to its structure, the flower resembles a large insect. Because of this, the people called him “Spider Lily”. Also, hymenocallis is known by other memorable poetic names - “basket of the bride”, “angel trumpets”, “Peruvian daffodil”.
Like all Amaryllises, hymenocallis has an onion. It is quite large (in a mature plant it is 10 cm in diameter), it has a pear-shaped form and is covered with dry scales.
Gimenokallis and Ismene: how to distinguish?
Ismene and hymenocallis are two plants belonging to the same Amaryllis family. Until recently, it was believed that this is the name of the same flower. However, botanists have proven that they belong to different genera. Nevertheless, the absolute majority of the bulbs of hymenocallis, supplied to Russia from the Netherlands, still appear under the name “Ismene”.
Not only a professional botanist, but also an amateur florist can distinguish the ismene (pictured on the left) from hymenocallis (pictured on the right)
Description of hymenocallis festive:
• Plant root - an onion with a diameter of up to 1 dm is egg-shaped.
• Belt-shaped, dark green leaf plates grow up to half a meter in height.
• Peduncle is decorated with an umbrella inflorescence of several colors (from 3 to 6).
• Perianth is composed of a snow-white crown, resembling a bell, and six elegant, elongated petals.
• The flowering period begins at the very beginning of summer and lasts about 2 weeks.
• Flowers are directed to the sides or downwards (in real hymenocallis, they always look up).
Despite the apparent similarity with hymenocallis and ismene, these flowers are excellent. False stem and green color of the base of stamens and change are not inherent in our main character.
Flower breeding methods
Gimenokallis festive does not reproduce by seed. For these purposes are used onion-kids.
During the spring transplant in open ground or in flower pots from the last year's bulb break off daughter.
Most of the children form plants that are planted closer to the soil surface, sometimes this happens at the expense of flowering.
Causes of yellowing leaves may be different:
1. In the autumn, when the period of rest at the festive hymenocallis begins, its leaves turn yellow for natural reasons. All winter, the bulbs, dropping the foliage, will “sleep”, and in the spring a new growing season will begin.
2. Leaves may turn yellow due to root disease. Because of the increased soil moisture, the bulbs easily rot. Therefore, you need to plant the plant in a loose soil, well permeable to moisture in dry areas in the garden.
Lack of moisture also causes problems. If the leaves lose their elasticity and wilted, and the earth is dry, the plants need to be watered.
3. Improperly chosen fertilizer or the dosage of top dressing is also dangerous. With increased concentrations of mineral fertilizers, it can burn the roots. If the flower lacks trace elements, leaf chlorosis may begin.
4. Too alkaline soil prevents the root from assimilating macro- and microelements supplied with fertilizers. If it is not possible to check the reaction of the medium, it is better to simply transplant the flower, adding fresh fertile soil to the well (or flower pot).
5. The cause of yellowing and drying out of leaves is often insect pests. After inspecting the plants carefully, you can see a thin cobweb on the underside of the leaves and spider mites or other unwanted guests that made it. It is advisable not to postpone pest control for a long time - the plant may die.
Elegant hymenocallis will be a worthy decoration of the garden. Since he has a short flowering period, remontant roses or other flowers that bloom in spring and bloom until the cold weather are planted next to it.
Planting of hymenocallis can be performed both in open ground and in pots.
Growing this plant in a pot should be with the rest period. In the autumn you need to gradually reduce watering.
After the leaves fall, the plant must be moved to a dark, dry place for a period of about 3 months. Temperature conditions must be maintained in between from 10 to 12 ° C. Watering at this time do not produce.
Awakens plant in mid-February. After that it should be brought to the light and very careful watering should begin. Before the appearance of the first leaves, it usually takes no more than one month.
Before planting the bulbs in the ground need to germinate. This will positively affect the growth of the plant.
For the germination of bulbs they are transferred to a container of small size, covered with peat and wet sawdust. Be sure to prevent stagnant water to protect the hymenocallis from rotting bulbs.
The temperature during the germination of the bulbs must be kept at from 10 to 15 ° С. Planted hymenocallis in open ground, preferably in the first decade of May.
Gimenokallis is a very capricious plant. It does not tolerate frost. Soil for it should be of light composition, the plant requires good solar lighting.
With an insufficient amount of water, he refuses to bloom, waterlogging can cause bulbs to rot, and, consequently, the death of the plant.
It is impossible to water the hymenocallis under the root, therefore usually make special grooves that are located at a distance of several centimeters from the plant.
When planting hymenocallis need give preference to mineral fertilizersand not manure or humus. Manured soil has a detrimental effect on the plant. During the growing season it is possible to fertilize plants no more than 4 times..
Fertilizers should be comprehensive.
Gimenokallis is very demanding of light: when placing a plant in an apartment, it should not be placed near the windows of the north side.
In summer, hymenocallis is better to be in the garden until September.
When landing, avoid places with direct lighting.
But in the cold season it is necessary to maintain comfortable conditions with the help of fluorescent lamps.
During the growing season, hymenocallis is suitable temperature 19–21 ° С, after flowering, it should be reduced to 15–17 ° С. The bulbs are stored at temperature 9–11 ° С.
Rules for the cultivation of tulips in the open field.
During the growing season, water abundantly water hymenocallis with soft settled water, so that only the top layer of soil dries out in between waterings.
Peresushka plants will lead to negative consequences: with a lack of moisture leaves lose elasticity and begin to fade. After flowering is usually limited to watering.
Soil and transplanting
Young plants require transplantation about once every 1-2 years, while adults transplant as needed.
Change the "housing" hymenocallis spend only in the rest period.
When choosing dishes remember that this plant, oddly enough, blooms better in cramped pots.
The soil for hymenocallis should be loose and nutritious. Be sure to make a drain, in the form of simple holes, at the bottom of the pot.
Before planting, do not forget to inspect the bulbs, carefully remove the rotting places, sprinkle the cuts with charcoal.
During the growing season and during flowering, feed hymenocallis no more than once a week.
During the rest period, the frequency of feeding should be reduced to 1 time per month.
Gimenokallis breeds with the help of babes - small bulbs that appear around a large bulb, after it reaches 4 years of age.
The plant blooms almost until the very end of autumn. Dig the bulbs at the moment when the leaves begin to freeze.
At the same time, the roots of the bulb should be preserved, and it should be washed and dried well.
A cool, dry and well ventilated room will ensure the safety of the bulbs.
Indicators that will help you recognize mistakes when growing
Care errors can be identified by the following factors:
- by the pale green color of the leaves, the drooping flowers one can judge about insufficient watering,
- flowers begin to turn black gradually - this is a sure sign that the plant is cold and (or) damp,
- flowers turn pale, and brownish-yellow spots appear on the leaves - a sign of excess sunlight,
- all the leaves start to fade very quickly, and the lower ones just turn yellow - it means too wet,
- Hymenocallis does not want to bloom - it is possible that the plant's rest period was disturbed or the place for it was chosen with insufficient lighting.
Learn in detail how to grow dahlias in the country.
With anthracnose affected leaves become covered with dark spots, and brownish drips sometimes appear on their tips.
To combat this disease, you must take the following steps:
- remove and burn diseased leaves,
- process the plant with systemic fungicide (foundationol),
- reduce watering
- regularly air the room.
When staganospore the bulbs are covered with red spots, due to which this disease is sometimes called red burn.
The spots are small at the beginning, but they quickly cover the entire bulb, and then the leaves. The bulb looks as if it was scalded in boiling water.
To combat staganspore in the early stages of the disease, treat the plant with a foundation solution, at the rate of 2 g per liter of water, if hymenocallis is severely affected, then smear it with a creamy mixture of 100 g of chalk, 5 g of copper vitriol and 10g of OP-7 adhesive.
As you can see, with proper care and such an exotic plant as hymenocallis, can feel comfortable in our latitudes.