Incubators allow different types of poultry to be hatched at home. Starting from the most popular, that is, chickens, and ending, for example, with ostriches. It is very easy to breed chicks with such settings. Occupation is fascinating, does not require much effort, and tiny lumps bring their masters a lot of joy. With proper organization of the process from breeding poultry, you can get tangible financial benefits.
And all would be well, if not for some of the nuances. The selection of eggs for incubation is one of them.
Many poultry farmers believe that the ideal “material” for incubation is eggs that have just been taken from the chicken. However, in practice it was repeatedly noted that the best specimens were eggs, which lay for 2-3 days. All hatching eggs should not only be examined, but also checked for light with the aid of an ovoscope.
In the food should be postponed:
- Too big.
- Little ones.
- Drawn out.
In general, eggs with any defects should be put off to the marriage. Chickens from such eggs, even if they hatch, will be inferior. The maximum shelf life of eggs for incubation is 10 days.
Where to get eggs for incubation, if you don’t have your own bird?
Buy such eggs is not a problem, but you need to know where. Best of all - in your city or at least the region. Transportation of eggs over long distances can adversely affect the further development of embryos. It is safest (in our opinion) to order hatching eggs at special farms, because there people sell the “product” in large quantities and, if their reputation is important, poor quality eggs will not sell you.
Disinfecting eggs before laying
Before laying the eggs in the incubator, disinfection should be carried out to help get rid of most germs. For this, it is recommended to use 1-1.5% hydrogen peroxide solution. Also use a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. Wash the eggs before laying in the incubator is not worth it. It is recommended to hold the eggs at room temperature, so they warmed. It is believed that the optimum temperature for normal embryo development is 27 degrees.
Summing up, I would like to say that good hatching eggs - already 50% guarantee that the hatchability of chicks will be high.
Price of eggs
The average price in rubles in Moscow will depend on the number of units, place of purchase and other signs:
- Chickens - from 14 to 70 rubles. depending on the breed.
- Guinea fowl - 50 rubles.
- Geese - 100 rubles.
- Turkey - 120 rubles.
- Quail - 20 rubles.
Proven poultry farms
If you take products from hands, contact a proven breeder: most often private owners do not give any guarantee, cannot provide veterinary documents and do not guarantee large volumes of products. All this can provide poultry farms.
In Moscow, you can find several companies at the following addresses:
- Aleksandrovskaya Poultry Factory CJSC - 32, Svyatoozerskaya St.
- Susanin poultry farm - 1st Vyazovskiy pr-d, 4.
- Danton poultry industry - pr-t Sevastopolsky, 43-a.
Addresses in St. Petersburg:
- St. Petersburg Chicken Company - prosp. Industrial, 43
- Roskar - st. Kantemirovskaya, 39a.
- North - st. Yablochkova, 11.
The choice of material: tips
The choice of eggs for incubation has a high value: the percentage of hatchability of the young depends on it. You should choose young chickens, geese, ducks or other birds with good health, not having infectious diseases.
- Pay attention to the eggs having an average weight. For egg breeds of hens it is 60 grams, meat - 70, turkeys and ducks - 90, geese - 140, quails - 10.
- Before selecting eggs for incubation, it is important to carefully sort the products: first collect and remove contaminated, broken, damaged, two-yielded, too large, too small, as well as those that do not have a hard coating.
- Carefully inspect the shell: it should not have chips, damage, should be smooth, clean, without potholes, protrusions, roughness. Check if there are no growths, belts, the shape should be oval. To understand how to collect eggs for an incubator, you should pay attention to the term of wrecking. It is necessary to take only the freshly carried ones: how many days the egg has been filled affects the chance of hatching of the chick.
- It is necessary to check the condition of the air chamber, it must be at the blunt end. The yolk is usually located in the central part, partially shifted to the air chamber. It must be whole, not spread.
- Check if the egg for the incubator has any inclusions. They are expressed in the form of dark spots, sometimes the spots are reddish, such products are not suitable. Check if the yolk is mobile: if it moves during rotation, you can safely throw this specimen. Rotate carefully: sharp shaking will damage the embryo and make the product unusable.
To clarify whether the egg is fertilized for the incubator, possibly with the help of a special device - an ovoscope.
How to save eggs
The germ begins to develop from the moment of its formation. However, after the egg is laid, it cools down, the development of the fetus stops. If the storage conditions before incubation are correct, the shelf life is not violated, the hatchability of the chicks will not decrease.
The ratio of shelf life, hatchability chicks
What eggs are needed for an incubator: tips from experienced poultry farmers
If you are still new to the poultry industry, the recommendations of experienced colleagues will help you to correctly determine the choice of high-quality eggs for the incubator.
One of the most pressing issues that arise at this stage is where to get the incubation material. In order to purchase eggs, you can contact both individuals and large poultry farms. The second option, according to experienced poultry farmers, is more preferable. At a proven farm with an impeccable reputation, we are always ready to provide a complete set of veterinary documentation and the necessary guarantees.
Ordinary store eggs are not suitable for an incubator, as they are not fertilized.
The percentage of hatchability of young animals is directly related to the quality of the incubation material, therefore, it is necessary to take into account when choosing the age and general condition of the hens. Any laying hen, whether it be chicken, duck, turkey, or quail must necessarily be young and have good health, without the slightest inclination towards infectious and other types of diseases.
The minimum age of the hen is 7 months. Moreover, the optimal indicators for different types of poultry may differ somewhat among themselves.
It is categorically not recommended to use eggs carried by birds of a younger age, since in this case the offspring will not receive the necessary qualities, but instead will be characterized by excessive weakness, soreness and low abilities for survival.
The mass of hatching eggs is another important parameter affecting the quality of the selection. For each species, an individual optimal indicator of the average egg weight is provided.
Goose Eggs, Chicken and Quail Eggs
In the selection process it is necessary to take into account a few more important points:
- Immediately before the start of the selection, all incubation products must necessarily be carefully sorted. At this stage, specimens without a solid coating are eliminated, too large or, conversely, too small, broken, damaged and contaminated, as well as specimens containing two yolks instead of one,
- It should be very careful to inspect the type and quality of the shell. It should have the correct oval shape without any signs of roughness, chips and protrusions. Its surface should be perfectly clean without growths and dirt.
- For incubation, only freshly laid eggs are allowed. They are characterized by almost transparent content and barely visible yolk,
- A quality egg for incubation should be completely devoid of foreign inclusions in the form of dark or reddish tints,
- Be sure to check the mobility of the yolk. If it moves during rotation, then the instance is not suitable. It is necessary to perform such a test very carefully and carefully, since too sudden movements and shaking can be destructive for the embryo,
- A huge role is played by the condition of the air chamber, which should be located at the blunt end of the egg. In its central part an absolutely whole and not spreading yolk should be placed with a slight partial shift towards the air chamber.
The cost of hatching eggs
Incubated eggs can be offered at different prices - it depends on the type and breed of poultry, the financial policy of the supplier, the number of units, as well as some other factors.
The cost of hatching eggs
Today, the following average prices for incubation material are relevant in Russia.
According to external characteristics
This is the initial stage of selection of quality material for incubation. When laying in the incubator is to check the thickness, elasticity and strength of the shell. When one egg is tapped on another, a damaged sound will emit a dull sound.
The weight of the egg affects the correct incubation. The most optimal way to put in an incubator is a medium size specimen. Too large eggs can lead to the death of the embryo, and small ones can hatch small birds, which will carry eggs of small size and be attacked by stronger individuals.
However, it is not always possible to place copies of identical size in the incubator; some of them are larger, others are slightly smaller. In order for the chicks to appear at the same time, even when incubating eggs of different sizes, you must first place the largest ones in the incubator, after 4 hours put there medium-sized specimens, and after another 4 hours - the smallest ones.
The shape of the material for bookmarks in the incubator is not the last. Immediately it is necessary to reject too small copies and having the wrong structure. Scalls and roughness on the shell also make them unsuitable for incubation. In an egg, blunt and sharp ends should have a clear distinction and a smooth transition from one part to another.
Size of the air chamber
This criterion is measured using a special ovoskop device by examining eggs. The air chamber (blackout about 4-9 millimeters) must necessarily be located at the blunt end, while the yolk is located in the center, shifting slightly to the air chamber. When turning the eggs, the air chamber remains fixed. The increased size of the blackout indicates a stale material.
The stronger pigmentation is expressed in the egg, the greater the likelihood of hatching. If the marbling is observed on the shell, it is better not to use it. Also, do not need to use specimens with light stripes, it is an indicator of prolonged shell microcracks.
Olive-green, grayish or pink spots on the shell indicate the beginning of decomposition, so the bookmark of such instances should be abandoned. The natural color of the shell does not affect the hatchability of chicks, it must be natural for birds of a particular species and breed.