Even the dreary, inconspicuous flower garden can revive the refined look of a rose. A spectacular view, a variety of forms and palettes will allow you to decorate a flower bed in the garden, perform gardening of vertical structures, make a royal greenhouse in your own home.
Winter-hardy varieties of plants will be the highlight of the rose garden or front garden in cold areas of the country. And the smell, which is a thin, delicate aroma of roses. These roses do not lose their decoration during heavy rainfall.
What is winter hardiness and how is it determined?
Winter hardiness is the properties of plants to withstand various environmental factors in the autumn-spring period. Winter hardiness includes some concepts: cold resistance is a characteristic of the variety that gives the ability to withstand low positive temperatures from +0 to + 10 ° С, frost resistance determines the ability of plants not to die at low negative temperatures.
Winter hardiness is a feature responsible for the vitality of roses in areas with harsh climatic conditions, ability to withstand a range of adverse conditions. Among them:
- sharp temperature drops,
- return frosts,
- snow and wind load
- long thaws
- winter draining.
This indicator, first of all, depends on the genetic predisposition, but it can also change in view of the conditions of the summer growing season.
Good weather in summer:
- sufficient rainfall
- optimum humidity
- warmly stimulate excellent growth and full development,
- and also affect the degree of color stability.
What are the zones?
4 winter hardiness zones - what is it? The zone of winter hardiness is the climatic zone of the Earth, where one or another plant is able to grow. They are based on average annual temperature indicators. Also indicate the minimum temperature values in certain areas. The most complete scale of temperature values that is used today is called the USDA.
Russia is no exception, and is also divided into climatic zones. Some large cities belong to the following frost resistance indicators:
- Zone 1 - Batagay, Tiksi.
- Zone 2 - the main territory of the country, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Yakutsk.
- Zone 3 - Magadan, Vorkuta.
- Zone 4 - Moscow, Moscow region, Ufa, Chelyabinsk.
- Zone 5 - St. Petersburg, Voronezh, Bryansk, Saratov.
- Zone 6.7 - Krasnodar.
Thus, roses for nurseries should be chosen adapted for zones 1-4 and partially 5.
What plants are unpretentious?
The modern range of roses is about 15,000 varieties. They all differ in:
About 60 plant species grow in our country. But frost-resistant varieties of flowers that can grow and hibernate in harsh climate require special attention. Their total number is difficult to determine, because every year breeders bring out all new types of roses that could survive at -40 ° C.
As already stated winter hardiness is a characteristic of different types of roses. And the start time and duration of flowering depends on a particular subspecies.
- Hybrid tea varieties bloom in several stages, from May to the cold.
- Park roses usually bloom in summer, about the end of May - June.
- Climbing can please the eye from spring to autumn, but some varieties bloom once in early summer.
- The soil blooming is flourishing at the end of May, and the process lasts until the frost.
One of the most popular cold-resistant varieties of German breeders. Suitable for cutting. Can stand in a vase for more than three weeks. Mostly produced for sale, but residents of cold regions use this variety to decorate their flower beds.
Read more about this variety in the video below:
This group of varieties was singled out from the floribunda group, whose varieties are widely used to decorate personal plots and are very loved by landscape designers. This division occurred recently, in the second half of the twentieth century. The group under consideration is quite diverse and includes both stunted bushes belonging to the type of border roses and higher plants.
A characteristic feature of roses “spray” are relatively small (up to 7 cm in diameter) flowers, which bloom in large quantities on one branch - there can be up to a dozen of them there. Plants of this group can grow up to 90 cm, but more often they are compact half-meter bushes, decorated with inflorescences of small flowers.
Breeders deduced many varieties of roses "spray", differing in a variety of colors, height and size of flowers. Some popular varieties are described below.
This grade different sprawling busheswhose height does not exceed 50 cm. The flowers are quite large, up to 7.5 cm in diameter. They have a rich red color and a pronounced smell. The plant is resistant to winter cold and diseases, flowering continues until frost.
Shrubs "Allegria" can reach 70 cm height. The flowers are small, up to 5 cm in diameter, have an orange-pink color, the smell is almost absent. Flowering continues throughout the season. "Allegria" is characterized by increased resistance to low temperatures and diseases.
Height bushes "Snow-Densa" reaches 75 cm. Flowers, with a diameter up to 5 cm, can have a white or gentle greenish color. They have almost no smell. This plant blooms continuously, from May to autumn frosts. Like many members of this group, “Snow-dens” tolerates frosts well and is resistant to diseases.
This variety is bred recently in the Netherlands. Description of the rose: the height of the bush does not exceed 70 cm, the flowers are pink, from light to saturated colors, their diameter reaches 5 cm, the fragrance is weak, but tangible. Flowering continues throughout the season and is characterized by profusion. "Lydia is resistant to frost and disease.
Typhoon Shrubs reach 70 cm in height. The flowers are orange, bright, with a diameter of 5 cm. The "Typhoon" rose blooms until late autumn. Little prone to illness and cold.
Rose "Shine" Bred in the United States, in the 70s, and are considered one of the best varieties of yellow roses. The height of the bushes does not exceed half a meter, flowers are usually 4 cm in diameter. The aroma of their pronounced. "Shine" blooms throughout the season. Resistance to cold and disease is above average.
This variety has abundant flowering, up to one and a half dozen flowers with diameters up to 5 cm can form on one shoot. The bush reaches 60 cm in height, the flowers have a delicate pink color, but eventually fade to a white-pink color. “Victoria” tolerates frost well and is not susceptible to disease.
Star and Stripes
The original name of this variety of roses is “Stars’n’Stripes”. Usually the height of the bushes does not exceed 50 cm, but it may exceed this limit. The spikes are almost absent. The flowers are small, catchy, with a "striped" color - they alternate crimson and white stripes and spots. The diameter is usually 2-3 cm, but can reach 5 cm. The aroma of flowers is sweet, pronounced. “Stars’n’Stripes” blooms all season.
The height of the bushes “Fire Flush” reaches 70 cm. The flowers are variegated, bicolor, up to 5 cm in diameter, combine red and yellow color, do not fade in the sun. Flowering is long, until the autumn frosts. “Fire Flash” is very resistant to illnesses and cold.
This plant has a rather high bushes, up to 80 cm in height. Its flowers are bright red, the diameter reaches 6 cm. The fragrance is barely visible. Plant blooms all season. Fire King is resistant to disease and cold.
Features of the growing group
Almost all varieties of roses “spray” unpretentious, planting and caring for them are not difficult for gardeners. For their landing they prepare a pit of 40 by 40 cm in size, its bottom is covered with expanded clay to ensure drainage. When planting in the pit is added compost. For normal plant development, light, slightly acidic soil is preferred.
Landing is desirable well-lit, but slightly shaded places, protected from the wind. The best landing time is the beginning of May. Watering should be moderate, but regular. For the winter, with all the frost resistance, it is desirable to cover the plants with spruce leaves. In the spring, diseased and extinct shoots are pruned, in the summer - shoots that grow inside the bush, in the fall - weak shoots that are clearly unable to withstand severe cold.
So, as we have seen, the roses "spray" differ not only in excellent external data, but also unpretentiousness, and also resistance to diseases. This group of varieties is just perfect for decorating the infield. Spectacular inflorescences of these bushes look great both in bouquets and flower beds.